A domestic robot is a type of service robot, an autonomous robot that
is primarily used for household chores, but may also be used for
education, entertainment or therapy. Thus far, there are only a few
limited models, though speculators, such as Bill Gates, have suggested
that they could become more common in the future. While most
domestic robots are simplistic, some are connected to
networks or smart environments and are autonomous to a high degree.
There were an estimated 3,540,000 service robots in use in
2006[clarification needed], compared with an estimated 950,000
1 Indoor robots
2 Outdoor robots
4 Social robots
5 Robots no longer in production
6 In popular culture
7 See also
9 External links
This type of domestic robot does chores around and inside homes.
Different kinds include:
Robotic vacuum cleaners and floor-washing robots that clean floors
with sweeping and wet mopping functions. Some use
Swiffer or other
disposable cleaning cloths to dry-sweep, or reusable microfiber cloths
Dressman is a robot to iron shirts using hot air.
Cat litter robots are automatic self-cleaning litter boxes that filter
clumps out into a built-in waste receptacle that can be lined with an
ordinary plastic bag.
Rotimatic is a kitchen robot that makes rotis, tortillas, puris out of
flour in just few minutes.
Security robots such as
Knightscope have a night-vision-capable
wide-angle camera that detects movements and intruders. It can patrol
places and shoot video of suspicious activities, too, and send alerts
via email or text message; the stored history of past alerts and
videos are accessible via the Web. The robot can also be configured to
go into action at any time of the day.
Atlas is a robot built to perform in house task such as sweeping,
opening doors, climbing stairs, etc. Robots such as Atlas can be
utilized to making the average person's day just that much more
interesting and easy. 
Laundroid folds and organizes dried laundry using image analysis,
artificial intelligence, and robotics.
A robotic lawn mower is a lawn mower that is able to mow a lawn by
itself after being programmed. Once programmed, this invention repeats
the operation by itself according to its programming. Robotic lawn
mowers comes with a power unit which may be an electric motor or
internal combustion engine. This provides power to the robot and
allows it to move itself and its cutting blades. There is also a
control unit which helps the mower move itself. This unit also
contains a memory unit which records and memorizes its operation
programming. Its memorized route includes the length of travel in a
given direction and turn angles. This allows the same lawn to be mowed
repeatedly without having to reprogram. The steering unit acquires an
operation signal and propels the lead wheel, which leads the mower, go
guide along the programmed route.
Some models can mow complicated and uneven lawns that are up to
three-quarters of an acre in size. Others can mow a lawn as large as
40,000 square feet (3,700 m2), can handle a hill inclined up to
There are also automated pool cleaners that clean and maintain
swimming pools autonomously by scrubbing in-ground pools from the
floor to the waterline in 3 hours, cleaning and circulating more than
70 US gallons (260 l) of water per minute, and removing debris as
small as 2 µm in size.
Gutter-cleaning robots such as
Looj use brushes and rubber blades to
remove debris from rain gutters; users operate the device using a
Window cleaning robots are most commonly used to clean outdoor
windows, more specifically house windows. However, it may be used on
other types of windows, such as ones on tall buildings and structures.
This robot contains a movement system which allows the robot to
navigate itself across the window surface in a defined direction. It
also has a powered agitator located by the cleaning pad. When
activated, the agitator gets rid of debris and dirt from the window
surface. The cleaning pad directly interacts with the window surface
and is directly responsible for removing the dirt by filling itself
with specialized window cleaning fluid.
A window-washing robot commonly uses two magnetic modules to navigate
windows as it sprays cleaning solution onto microfiber pads to wash
them. It covers about 1,601 square feet (148.7 m2) per
See also: Category:Toy robots.
Robotic toys, such as the well known Furby, have been popular since
1998. There are also small humanoid remote controlled robots.
Electronic pets, such as robotic dogs, can be companions for children.
They have also have been used by many universities in competitions
such as the RoboCup.
There are many different kind of toy robots that have been invented
since the late 1900s. There were many robotic toys invented that was
used for entertainment. One example that is popular known as Furby,
it’s a toy bird that children nourished every day. The toy robot,
made it seem like it was alive like a pet that you have to watch on
and give it attention. There are many different kind of toy robots
that are animal related, like, robotic dogs. Another type of robotic
toy is the phone-powered robots. Using this toy, you are able to
connect with your phone and control the toy while using an
application. Now, robotic toys are becoming more mobile device
platformed. This in turn is creating a larger demand for these types
of products. The increase in demand has a direct effect on the
escalation of the technology used in the toys.
There are also phone-powered robots for fun and games, such as Romo
which is a small robot that employs smartphones as its brain. By using
another mobile device and a cross-platform app, the user can drive it,
make it produce animated facial expressions, direct it to dance, or
turn it into a spybot.
Social robots take on the function of social communication. Domestic
humanoid robots are used by elderly and immobilized residents to keep
Wakamaru is a domestic humanoid robot developed in
Japan. Its function is to act as a care taker.
Wakamaru has a
number of operations and “can be programmed to remind patients to
take their medicine and even call a doctor when it appears that
someone is in distress.” Paro, a robotic baby seal, is intended
to provide comfort to nursing home patients.
Home-telepresence robots can move around in a remote location and let
one communicate with people there via its camera, speaker, and
microphone. Through other remote-controlled telepresence robots, the
user can visit a distant location and explore it as if they were
physically present. These robots can, among other applications, permit
health-care workers to monitor patients or allow children who are
homebound because of injuries, illnesses, or other physical challenges
to attend school remotely. Kuri,
JIBO and ConnectR are family robots
that includes telepresence.
Network robots link ubiquitous networks with robots, contributing to
the creation of new lifestyles and solutions to address a variety of
social problems including the aging of population and nursing
Robots no longer in production
Early historical attempts to bring robots into the home.
In popular culture
Many cartoons feature robot maids, notably Rosie the
Robot from The
Jetsons. Maid Robots are especially prominent in anime (in Japanese,
they are called Meido Robo or Meido Roboto), and their Artificial
Intelligence ranges from rudimentary to fully sentient and emotional,
while their appearance ranges from obviously mechanical to human-like.
A vignette, shown at the end of the final episode of Syfy's failed
2010 Battlestar Galactica prequel TV series Caprica, features early
models of Cylons serving as domestic and industrial robotic assistants
for the human inhabitants of the Twelve Colonies of Kobol, some five
years prior to the revolt that precipitated the First Cylon War.
The 2012 movie
Robot & Frank featured a domestic robot, the story
of the movie centred on an elderly man and his relationship with a
Star Wars film series, robots of all shapes and sizes can be
found assisting the humans with several tasks.
C-3PO is a robot
designed to assist humans in translation, and etiquette, while R2-D2
was created to assist with maintenance. Other robots in the films can
be found serving as co-pilots or fighting in battles.
In the 2008 film
Wall-E humans use sentient robots as trash compactors
to clean up the mess they left behind on Earth.
Wall-E is a small
bulldozer like robot who has claws for hands and spends all his time
collecting garbage. Another robot named Eve is small, sleek, and can
Comparison of domestic robots
Floor plans and house navigation system
Future of robotics
Home automation for the elderly and disabled
List of home automation topics
List of vacuum cleaners
Simultaneous localization and mapping
Simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM)
The Stepford Wives
^ Gates, William ‘Bill’ III (January 2007). "A
Robot in Every
Home". Scientific American. Retrieved 2010-09-19.
^ Guizzo, Erico (2008-03-21). "10 stats you should know about robots
but never bothered googling up". IEEE Spectrum. Archived from the
original on 2009-02-28. Retrieved 2010-09-19.
^ a b c DesMarais, Christina (2013-04-16). "Domestic Robots: High-Tech
House Helpers". PCWorld. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
^ Winbot Window-Washing Robot: Like Roomba, but for Glass Windows
^ Windoro window cleaning robot review.
^ a b "Furby"..
^ Batista, Elisa. "
Wakamaru Bot at Your Service". WIRED. Retrieved
^ Batista, Elisa. "
Wakamaru Bot at Your Service". WIRED. Retrieved
Robot Forum Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback
^ Salmon, Paul. "What the Robots of
Star Wars tell us about
^ Ebert, Roger. "
Wall-E movie review". Rogerebert.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Domestic robots.
Twelve robots that have invaded American homes
Babybot - University of Genova.
"Vanishing Chores" Domestic robots challenge remaining household chore
strongholds (International Electrotechnical Commission, July 2011)
Robot Vacuum Resource Page".
"Pool Cleaning Robots".
Mobile robots and uncrewed vehicles
Unmanned ground vehicle
Unmanned ground vehicle (UGV)
Automated guided vehicle
Automated guided vehicle (AGV)
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Unmanned ground combat vehicle (UGCV)
Automatic train operation
Automatic train operation (ATO) (list)
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List of unmanned aerial vehicle applications
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Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV)
Intervention AUV (I-AUV)
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Remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROUV)
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Unmanned resupply spacecraft (list)
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