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The Cyclades
Cyclades
(/ˈsɪklədiːz/; Greek: Κυκλάδες [cikˈlaðes]) are an island group in the Aegean Sea, southeast of mainland Greece and a former administrative prefecture of Greece. They are one of the island groups which constitute the Aegean archipelago. The name refers to the islands around (κυκλάς) the sacred island of Delos. The largest island of the Cyclades
Cyclades
is Naxos.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Archaeology

2 Geography 3 Administration

3.1 Municipalities and communities 3.2 Provinces

4 Cuisine 5 Communications

5.1 Telephone

6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of the Cyclades

Harp player, example of Cycladic art, at the National Archeological Museum, Athens

The significant Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Cycladic culture is best known for its schematic, flat idols carved out of the islands' pure white marble centuries before the great Middle Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Minoan civilization arose in Crete
Crete
to the south. (These figures have been looted from burials to satisfy a thriving Cycladic antiquities market since the early 20th century.) A distinctive Neolithic culture amalgamating Anatolian and mainland Greek elements arose in the western Aegean before 4000 BCE, based on emmer and wild-type barley, sheep and goats, pigs, and tuna that were apparently speared from small boats (Rutter). Excavated sites include Saliagos
Saliagos
and Kephala (on Kea) with signs of copperworking, Each of the small Cycladic islands could support no more than a few thousand people, though Late Cycladic boat models show that fifty oarsmen could be assembled from the scattered communities (Rutter), and when the highly organized palace-culture of Crete
Crete
arose, the islands faded into insignificance, with the exception of Delos, which retained its archaic reputation as a sanctuary throughout antiquity and until the emergence of Christianity. Archaeology[edit]

Ancient theatre, Delos

The first archaeological excavations of the 1880s were followed by systematic work by the British School at Athens and by Christos Tsountas, who investigated burial sites on several islands in 1898–1899 and coined the term "Cycladic civilization". Interest lagged, then picked up in the mid-20th century, as collectors competed for the modern-looking figures that seemed so similar to sculpture by Jean Arp
Jean Arp
or Constantin Brâncuși. Sites were looted and a brisk trade in forgeries arose. The context for many of these Cycladic figurines has been mostly destroyed and their meaning may never be completely understood. Another intriguing and mysterious object is that of the Cycladic frying pans. More accurate archaeology has revealed the broad outlines of a farming and seafaring culture that had immigrated from Anatolia
Anatolia
c. 5000 BCE. Early Cycladic culture
Cycladic culture
evolved in three phases, between c.  3300 – 2000 BCE, when it was increasingly swamped in the rising influence of Minoan Crete. The culture of mainland Greece
Greece
contemporary with Cycladic culture
Cycladic culture
is known as the Helladic period. In recent decades the Cyclades
Cyclades
have become popular with European and other tourists, and as a result there have been problems with erosion, pollution, and water shortages. Geography[edit]

The Cyclades
Cyclades
encircle the sacred island of Delos

Ermoupoli, capital of the Cyclades. Syros

Santorini

Mykonos
Mykonos
town

Naxos

Folegandros

Milos

Traditional vraka (breeches) in the dress of the Aegean islands

The Cyclades
Cyclades
comprise about 220 islands, the major ones being Amorgos, Anafi, Andros, Antiparos, Delos, Ios, Kea, Kimolos, Kythnos, Milos, Mykonos, Naxos, Paros, Folegandros, Serifos, Sifnos, Sikinos, Syros, Tinos, and Thira or Santoríni. There are also many minor islands including Donousa, Eschati, Gyaros, Irakleia, Koufonisia, Makronisos and Schoinousa. The name "Cyclades" refers to the islands forming a circle ("circular islands") around the sacred island of Delos. Most of the smaller islands are uninhabited. Ermoupoli
Ermoupoli
on Syros
Syros
is the chief town and administrative center of the former prefecture. The islands are peaks of a submerged mountainous terrain, with the exception of two volcanic islands, Milos
Milos
and Santorini. The climate is generally dry and mild, but with the exception of Naxos
Naxos
the soil is not very fertile; agricultural produce includes wine, fruit, wheat, olive oil, and tobacco. Cooler temperatures are in higher elevations and mainly do not receive wintry weather. The Cyclades
Cyclades
are bounded to the south by the Sea of Crete.[1] Administration[edit] The Cyclades
Cyclades
Prefecture (Greek: Νομός Κυκλάδων) was one of the prefectures of Greece. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was abolished, and its territory was divided into nine regional units of the South Aegean
South Aegean
region:

Andros Kea-Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Thira Syros Tinos

Municipalities and communities[edit] The prefecture was subdivided into the following municipalities and communities. These have been reorganised at the 2011 Kallikratis reform as well.

Municipality YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code

Amorgos 3101

840 08 22850-2

Andros
Andros
(town) 3103

845 00 22820-2

Ano Syros 3105

841 00 22810-8

Drymalia 3107 Chalkeio Naxou 843 02 22850

Ermoupoli 3109

841 00 22810-2

Exomvourgo 3108 Kampos 842 00 22850-5

Ios 3112

840 01 22860-9

Kea 3113 Ioulis 840 02 22880-2

Korthio 3115 Ormos Korthiou 845 02 22820-6

Kythnos 3117

840 06 22810-3

Milos 3118

848 00 22870-2

Mykonos 3119

846 00 22890-2

Naxos 3120

843 00 22850-2

Paros 3123

844 00 22840-2

Poseidonia 3124

841 00 22810-4

Santorini 3111

847 00 22860-2

Serifos 3125

840 02 22810-5

Sifnos 3127

840 03 22840-3

Tinos 3129

842 00 22830-2

Ydrousa 3130 Gavrio 845 01 22820-7

Community YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code

Anafi 3102

840 09 22860-6

Antiparos 3104

840 07 22840-6

Donousa 3106

843 00 22850-5

Folegandros 3131

840 11 22860

Irakleia 3110

843 00 22870-7

Kimolos 3114

840 04 22870-5

Koufonisia 3116

843 00 22870-7

Oia 3121

847 02 22860-7

Panormos 3122

842 01 22830-3

Schoinousa 3128

843 00 22870-7

Sikinos 3126

840 10 22860-5

Provinces[edit]

Province of Amorgos: Amorgos Province of Andros: Andros Province of Kea: Ioulis Province of Milos: Milos Province of Naxos: Naxos Province of Paros: Paroikia Province of Syros: Ermoupoli Province of Tinos: Tinos Province of Thira: Thira

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. Cuisine[edit] Local specialities of the Cyclades
Cyclades
include:

Brantada Fava santorinis (made from Lathyrus clymenum) Fourtalia (Andros) Kalasouna (Naxos) Kalogeros (Naxos) Kakavia (soup) Ladopita Louza, similar to the Cypriot lountza Mastelo (Sifnos) Strapatsada Lazarakia
Lazarakia
(dessert) Melopita (dessert)

Communications[edit] Telephone[edit]

22810: Syros, including Kythnos, Serifos
Serifos
and Syros
Syros
islands 22820: Andros 22830: Tinos 22840: Paros
Paros
and Sifnos
Sifnos
islands 22850: Amorgos
Amorgos
and Naxos
Naxos
islands 22860: Folegandros, Ios, Santorini
Santorini
and Sikinos
Sikinos
islands 22870: Kimolos
Kimolos
and Milos 22880: Kea Island 22890: Mykonos

See also[edit]

Aegean cat Nisiotika
Nisiotika
music Santorini
Santorini
wine Mosaics of Delos

Notes[edit]

^ Saundry, Hogan & Baum. 2011

References[edit]

J. A. MacGillivray and R. L. N. Barber, editors, The Prehistoric Cyclades
Cyclades
(Edinburgh) 1984. R. L. N. Barber, The Cyclades
Cyclades
in the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
(Iowa City) 1987. Peter Saundry, C. Michael Hogan & Steve Baum. 2011. Sea of Crete. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. M. Pidwirny & C. J. Cleveland. National Council for Science and Environment. Washington DC.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutCycladesat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Jeremy B. Rutter, "The Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean": especially Lessons 2 and 4: chronology, history, bibliography Cyclades
Cyclades
The Official website of the Greek National Tourism Organisation

v t e

Islands of the Cyclades

Main

Amorgos Anafi Andros Antiparos Delos Folegandros Ios Kea Kimolos Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Santorini Serifos Sifnos Sikinos Syros Therasia Tinos Lesser Cyclades

Donousa Irakleia Keros Koufonisia Schoinoussa

Other

Saliagos

Uninhabited

Ano Antikeri Antimilos Anydros Askania Christiani Despotiko Eschati Glaros Gyaros Kardiotissa Kato Antikeri Kitriani Makronisos Nikouria Pachia (Anafi) Pachia (Nisyros) Polyaigos Rineia Serifopoula Vous

v t e

Aegean Sea

General

Countries

 Greece  Turkey

Other

Aegean civilizations Aegean dispute Aegean Islands

Aegean Islands

Cyclades

Amorgos Anafi Andros Antimilos Antiparos Delos Despotiko Donousa Folegandros Gyaros Ios Irakleia Kardiotissa Kea Keros Kimolos Koufonisia Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Polyaigos Rineia Santorini Schoinoussa Serifopoula Serifos Sifnos Sikinos Syros Therasia Tinos Vous

Dodecanese

Agathonisi Arkoi Armathia Alimia Astakida Astypalaia Çatalada Chamili Farmakonisi Gaidaros Gyali Halki Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalymnos Kandelioussa Kara Ada Karpathos Kasos Kinaros Kos Küçük Tavşan Adası Leipsoi
Leipsoi
(Lipsi) Leros Levitha
Levitha
(Lebynthos) Nimos Nisyros Pacheia Patmos Platy Pserimos Rhodes Salih Ada Saria Symi Syrna Telendos Tilos Zaforas

North Aegean

Agios Efstratios Agios Minas Ammouliani Ayvalık Islands Büyük Ada Chios Chryse Cunda Foça Islands Fournoi Korseon Icaria Imbros Koukonesi Lemnos Lesbos Metalik Ada Nisiopi Oinousses Pasas Psara Samiopoula Samos Samothrace Tenedos Thasos Thymaina Uzunada Zourafa

Saronic

Aegina Agios Georgios Agistri Dokos Hydra Poros Psyttaleia Salamis Spetses

Sporades

Adelfoi Islets Agios Georgios Skopelou Alonnisos Argos Skiathou Dasia Erinia Gioura Grammeza Kyra Panagia Lekhoussa Peristera Piperi Psathoura Repi Sarakino Skandili Skantzoura Skiathos Skopelos Skyropoula Skyros Tsoungria Valaxa

Cretan

Afentis Christos Agia Varvara Agioi Apostoloi Agioi Pantes Agioi Theodoroi Agios Nikolaos Anavatis Arnaouti Aspros Volakas Avgo Crete Daskaleia Dia Diapori Dionysades Elasa Ftena Trachylia Glaronisi Gramvousa Grandes Kalydon (Spinalonga) Karavi Karga Katergo Kavallos Kefali Kolokythas Koursaroi Kyriamadi Lazaretta Leon Mavros Mavros
Mavros
Volakas Megatzedes Mochlos Nikolos Palaiosouda Peristeri Peristerovrachoi Petalida Petalouda Pontikaki Pontikonisi Praso (Prasonisi) Prosfora Pseira Sideros Souda Valenti Vryonisi

Other

Antikythera Euboea Kythira Makronisos

v t e

Prefectures of Greece

By name

Achaea
Achaea
and Elis Achaea Adrianoplea Aetolia-Acarnania Arcadia Argolis
Argolis
and Corinthia Argolis Argyrokastronb Arta Attica and Boeotia Atticac Boeotia Cephalonia Chalkidiki Chania Chios Corfu Corinthia Cyclades Dodecanese Dramad Elis Euboea Evrosd Evrytania Florina Grevena Heraklion Imathia Ioannina Kallipolisa Karditsa Kastoria Kavalad Kilkis Korytsab Kozani Lacedaemon Laconia Lakoniki Larissa Lasithi Lefkada Lesbos Magnesia Messenia Pella Phocis
Phocis
and Locris Phocis Phthiotis
Phthiotis
and Phocis Phthiotis Pieria Piraeus Preveza Rethymno Rhaedestosa Rhodoped Samos Saranta Ekklisiesa Serres Sfakia Thesprotia Thessaloniki Trikala Trifylia Xanthid Zakynthos

By year established

1800s

1833 Achaea
Achaea
and Elis Aetolia-Acarnania Arcadia Argolis
Argolis
and Corinthia Attica and Boeotia Cyclades Euboea Laconia Messenia Phocis
Phocis
and Locris 1845 Phthiotis
Phthiotis
and Phocis 1864 Corfu Kefallinia Lefkada Zakynthos 1882 Arta Larissa Trikala 1899 Achaea Argolis Atticac Boeotia Corinthia Elis Evrytania Karditsa Lacedaemon Lakoniki Magnesia Phocis Phthiotis Trifylia

1900s

1912 Chania Heraklion Lasithi Rethymno Sfakia 1914 Thessaloniki 1915 Argyrokastronb Chalkidiki Chios Dramad Florina Ioannina Kavalad Korytsab Kozani Lesbos Preveza Samos Serres 1920 Adrianoplea Evrosd Kallipolisa Rhaedestosa Rhodoped Saranta Ekklisiesa 1930–1944 Pella Kilkis Thesprotia Kastoria Xanthid 1947 Dodecanese Imathia Pieria 1964 Grevena Piraeus

a In Eastern Thrace or b Northern Epirus, outside present-day Greece. c From 1971, Attica consisted of four prefecture-level units: Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica. From 1994, Athens and Piraeus were grouped into a single super-prefecture. d From 1994, Drama / Kavala / Xanthi and Evros / Rhodope prefectures were grouped into super-prefectures.

Coordinates: 37°00′N 25°10′E / 37.000°N 25.167°E / 37.000; 25.167

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 154994470 GND: 4073924-7 BNF:

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