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County Galway (Irish: Contae na Gaillimhe) is a county in Ireland. Lying in the middle of the West of Ireland, it is part of the province of Connacht (English spelling: Connaught) and is named after the city of Galway. There are several Irish-speaking areas in the west of the county. The traditional county includes, and is named for, Galway city, but the city and county have separate local authorities - a city council administers the urban area, while the rest of the county is administered by Galway County Council. The population of the county is 258,552 according to the 2016 census.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Irish language 3 Local government and politics 4 Geography

4.1 Lakes 4.2 Climate 4.3 Flora and fauna 4.4 Largest settlements in County Galway (2011 Census)

5 Economy 6 Sports 7 Towns and villages 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

Dunguaire Castle, built c. 1520

The first inhabitants in the Galway area arrived over 7000 years ago. Shell middens indicate the existence of people as early as 5000 BC. The county originally comprised several kingdoms and territories which predate the formation of the county. These kingdoms included Aidhne, Uí Maine, Maigh Seóla, Conmhaícne Mara, Soghain and Máenmaige. County Galway became an official entity around 1569 AD.[citation needed] The region known as Connemara retains a distinct identity within the county, though its boundaries are unclear, and so it may account for as much as one third, or as little as 20%, of the county. The county includes a number of inhabited islands, such as the Oileáin Árann (Aran Islands) and Inis Bó Fine (Inishbofin). With the arrival of Christianity many monasteries were built in the county. Monasteries kept written records of events in the area and of its people. These were followed by a number of law-tracts, genealogies, annals and miscellaneous accounts. Extant manuscripts containing references to Galway include:

Crichaireacht cinedach nduchasa Muintiri Murchada Annals of Lough Cé Annals of Connacht Triallam timcheall na Fodla Leabhar Adhamh Ó Cianáin Leabhar Ua Maine Corporation Book of Galway The Book of the Burkes Annals of the Four Masters

Leabhar na nGenealach Cuimre na nGenealach Obituary Book of the Franciscan monastery at Galway Annals of the Poor Clares Dominican Annal of Athenry Ogygia[citation needed] West or Iar-Connacht The Lynch Manuscript

Irish language[edit] Nearly 20% of the population of County Galway live in the Gaeltacht (Irish-speaking districts). County Galway is home to the largest Gaeltacht Irish-speaking region in Ireland. There are over 48,907 people living within this region, which extends from Galway city westwards through Connemara. The region consists of the following Irish-speaking areas; Galway City Gaeltacht (parts of the city), Gaeltacht Cois Fharraige, Conamara Theas, Aran Islands and Duiche Sheoigheach (a part of the northern Galway region known as "Joyce Country" and Maam Valley). All schools within the Gaeltacht use the Irish language for classroom instruction. There is also a third-level constituent college of NUIG called Acadamh na hOllscolaíochta Gaeilge in Carraroe and Carna. Clifden is the largest town in the region. Galway City is also home to Ireland's only Irish-language theatre, Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe. There is a strong Irish-language media presence in this area too, which boasts the radio station Raidió na Gaeltachta and Foinse newspaper in Carraroe and national TV station TG4 in Baile na hAbhann. The Aran Islands are also part of the Galway Gaeltacht.

Galway County Hall, Galway City.

There are about 30,000 - 40,000 Irish speakers in County Galway. According to Census 2011, the Galway city and county Gaeltacht has a population of 48,907, of which 30,978 say they can speak Irish, 23,788 can be classed as native Irish speakers while 7,190 speak Irish daily only within the classroom. There are 3,006 attending the ten Gaelscoil (Irish language primary schools) and three Gaelcholáiste (Irish language secondary schools) outside the Galway Gaeltacht.[2] According to the Irish Census 2006 there are 10,788 in the county who identify themselves as being daily Irish speakers outside the education system. Local government and politics[edit] Prior to the enactment of the Local Government Act 2001, the county was a unified whole for administrative purposes, despite the presence of two local authorities.[citation needed] Since that time, the administrative re-organisation has reduced the geographical extent of the county by the extent of the area under the jurisdiction of Galway City Council. Today, the geographic extent of the county is limited to the area under the jurisdiction of Galway County Council. Each local authority ranks equally as first level local administrative units of the NUTS 3 West Region for Eurostat purposes. There are 34 LAU 1 entities in the Republic of Ireland. The remit of Galway County Council includes some suburbs of the city not within the remit of Galway City Council. Both local authorities are responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, the collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing. The county is part of the North–West constituency for the purposes of European elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of three constituencies: Galway East, Galway West and Roscommon–Galway. Together they return 11 deputies (TDs) to the Dáil. Geography[edit]

A view over the karst landscape on Inishmore, from Dún Aengus, an ancient stone fort.

County Galway is home to Na Beanna Beola (Twelve Bens) mountain range, Na Sléibhte Mhám Toirc (the Maum Turk mountains), and the low mountains of Sliabh Echtghe (Slieve Aughty). The highest point in the county is one of the Twelve Bens, Benbaun, at 729m. Lakes[edit] County Galway is partly home to a number of Ireland's largest lakes including Lough Corrib (the largest lake in the Republic of Ireland), Lough Derg and Lough Mask. The county is also home to a large number of smaller lakes, many of which are in the Connemara region. These include Lough Anaserd, Ardderry Lough, Aughrusbeg Lough, Ballycuirke Lough, Ballynahinch Lake, Lough Bofin, Lough Cutra, Derryclare Lough, Lough Fee, Glendollagh Lough, Lough Glenicmurrin, Lough Inagh, Kylemore Lough, Lettercraffroe Lough, Maumeen Lough, Lough Nafooey, Lough Rea, Ross Lake and Lough Shindilla. Climate[edit] The location of County Galway, situated on the west coast of Ireland, allows it to be directly influenced by the Gulf Stream. Temperature extremes are rare and short lived, though inland areas, particularly east of the Corrib, can boast some of the highest recorded temperatures of the summer in the island of Ireland (sometimes exceeding 30 °C); though these temperatures only occur when land warmed east winds sweep the area; the opposite effect can occur in the winter. Overall, however, Galway is influenced mainly by Atlantic airstreams which bring ample rainfall in between the fleeting sunshine. Rainfall occurs in every month of the year, though the late autumn and winter months can be particularly wet as Atlantic cyclonic activity increases and passes over and around the area, and which is why Galway tends to bear the brunt of severe windstorms that can occur between August and March. The county on average receives about 1300mm of rainfall annually, though some areas along the west coast of the county can receive up to 1900mm and beyond. Extreme weather such as blizzards, thunderstorms, flash flooding and hail, though rare, can and do occur, particularly when air masses of continental origin are undercut by more humid and unstable Atlantic flows. Flora and fauna[edit] One of the least densely populated counties, County Galway harbors a variety of wildlife. The region's biodiversity is best represented by Connemara National Park, situated in the west of the county. Largest settlements in County Galway (2011 Census)[edit]

Galway, 76,778 Tuam, 8,242 Ballinasloe, 6,659 Loughrea, 5,062 Oranmore, 4,799

Economy[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2017)

The Irish fast food chain Supermac's, which also operates Irish Papa John's Pizza restaurants, has its head office in the Ballybrit Business Park in Ballybrit, County Galway.[3] Sports[edit] See also: Sport in Galway Gaelic games are the most popular sport in the county. Galway had traditional regions in which Gaelic football or hurling is played. For example, in south and eastern County Galway, in places such as Portumna, Gort, Clarinbridge and Athenry, hurling is the dominant sport with successful teams at county and national level. Most of the rest of the county is considered to be footballing territory, with most of the county players being from Tuam, Oughterard or parts of Galway city. Galway United FC compete in the SSE Aitricity League of Ireland and plays home games in Eamonn Deacy Park. Connacht Rugby competes in the Pro14 is based in Galway city. The two main amateur rugby clubs in the county are Galway Corinthians RFC and Galwegians RFC which compete in the All-Ireland League. Athletics is also a very popular sport in Galway, a few clubs being; Galway City Harriers, Craughwell Athletic Club, Athenry A.C, Tuam A.C, Loughrea A.C and many others. Towns and villages[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1600 19,706 —    

1610 14,233 −27.8%

1653 18,209 +27.9%

1659 33,390 +83.4%

1668 45,678 +36.8%

1672 55,700 +21.9%

1680 58,950 +5.8%

1690 63,711 +8.1%

1700 65,112 +2.2%

1710 67,888 +4.3%

1720 70,345 +3.6%

1725 71,798 +2.1%

1735 73,470 +2.3%

1745 71,997 −2.0%

1755 68,955 −4.2%

1765 79,883 +15.8%

1771 81,225 +1.7%

1775 87,226 +7.4%

1781 94,666 +8.5%

1788 101,557 +7.3%

1790 116,774 +15.0%

1801 123,445 +5.7%

1811 145,333 +17.7%

1813 142,808 −1.7%

1816 155,297 +8.7%

1821 169,503 +9.1%

1831 204,691 +20.8%

1841 440,198 +115.1%

1851 321,684 −26.9%

1861 271,478 −15.6%

1871 248,458 −8.5%

1881 242,005 −2.6%

1891 214,712 −11.3%

1901 192,549 −10.3%

1911 182,224 −5.4%

1926 169,366 −7.1%

1936 168,198 −0.7%

1946 165,201 −1.8%

1951 160,204 −3.0%

1956 155,553 −2.9%

1961 149,887 −3.6%

1966 148,340 −1.0%

1971 149,223 +0.6%

1979 167,838 +12.5%

1981 172,018 +2.5%

1986 178,552 +3.8%

1991 180,364 +1.0%

1996 188,854 +4.7%

2002 209,077 +10.7%

2006 231,670 +10.8%

2011 250,541 +8.1%

2016 258,552 +3.2%

[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Ahascragh Annaghdown Ardrahan Athenry Aughrim Ballinasloe Ballinderreen Ballyconneely Ballygar Ballymacward Ballymoe Ballynahinch Barna Bealadangan Belclare Bullaun Camus Carna Carnmore Carraroe Casla Castleblakeney Castlegar Claregalway Clarinbridge Cleggan Clifden Clonbur Clonfert Corofin Corrandulla Corr na Móna Craughwell Dunmore Eyrecourt Furbo Glenamaddy Gort Headford Hollygrove Inverin Kilcolgan Kilconly Kilconnell Kilkerrin Kilkieran Killimor Kilronan Kiltullagh Kinvara Knocknacarra Laurencetown Leenaun Lettercallow Letterfrack Lettermore Loughrea Maam Cross Maum Menlough Milltown Monivea Mountbellew Moycullen Muckanaghederdauhaulia Maree Newbridge New Inn Oranmore Oughterard Peterswell Portumna Recess Rosmuck Rossaveal Roundstone Roscam Skehana Spiddal Tully Tully Cross Tuam Turloughmore Williamstown Woodford

See also[edit]

Connacht Irish Galway GAA List of monastic houses in Ireland (County Galway) Joyce Country Lord Lieutenant of Galway High Sheriff of County Galway High Sheriff of Galway Town Western Railway Corridor Wild Atlantic Way

References[edit]

^ Census 2006 - Population of each province, county and city Archived 17 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Oideachas Trí Mheán na Gaeilge in Éirinn sa Ghalltacht 2010-2011" (PDF) (in Irish). gaelscoileanna.ie. 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2012.  ^ "Supermac’s HQ." Supermac's. Retrieved on 17 November 2017. "SUPERMAC’S HEAD OFFICE, Ballybrit Business Park, Ballybrit, Galway" ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865. ^ Census for post 1821 figures. ^ http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine. ^ NISRA - Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013 Archived 17 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (27 September 2010). Retrieved on 23 July 2013. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.  ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 

History of Galway, James Hardiman, 1820 Education in the Diocese of Kilmachduagh in the nineteenth century, Sr. Mary de Lourdes Fahy, Convent of Mercy, Gort, 1972 The Anglo-Normans and their castles in County Galway, Patrick Holland, pp. 1–26, in Galway:History and Society, 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0 From Warlords to Landlords: Political and Social Change in Galway 1540-1640, Bernadette Cunningham, pp. 97–130, in Galway:History and Society, 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0 The Politics of the 'Protestant Ascendency': County Galway 1650-1832, James Kelly, in Galway:History and Society, 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0 The Galway Tribes as Landowners and Gentry, Patrick Melville, pp. 319–370, in Galway:History and Society, 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0 Scríobhaithe Lámhscríbhinní Gaeilge i nGaillimh 1700-1900, William Mahon, pp. 623–250, in Galway:History and Society, 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0 Early Eccleiastical Settlement Names of County Galway, Dónall Mac Giolla Easpaig, pp. 795–816, in Galway:History and Society, 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Galway.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for County Galway.

Wikisource has the text of a 1906 New International Encyclopedia article about County Galway.

Galway County Council Census 2011 SAPS - Irish language stats Tourist information website *FLIRT FM* Galways Student Radio Station NUIG/GMIT Galway GAA Galway Tour Guides County Galway Guide / The Galway Independent, a local newspaper Extensive list of places in County Galway. Gaelscoil stats Irish Census 2006 Gaeltacht Comprehensive Language Study 2007 Burke's East Galway

Places adjacent to County Galway

County Mayo

County Roscommon

Atlantic Ocean

County Galway

County Offaly

County Clare County Tipperary

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Places in County Galway

County town: Galway

Towns

Athenry Ballinasloe Gort Loughrea Mountbellew Tuam

Villages

Ahascragh Annaghdown Ardrahan Aughrim Ballinderreen Ballygar Ballyconneely Ballymacward Ballymoe Ballynahinch Barna Barnaderg Bealadangan Bullaun Camus Carnmore Carraroe Castleblakeney Castlegar Claregalway Clarinbridge Cleggan Clifden Clonbur Coalpits Cornamona Corofin Costelloe Craughwell Cregmore Dunmore Eyrecourt Furbo Garrafrauns Glenamaddy Glinsk Headford Inverin Kilcolgan Kilconnell Kilkerrin Kilkieran Killimor Kilronan Kinvara Laurencetown Leenaun Letterfrack Lettermore Lettermullen Maam Cross Maum Menlough Milltown Monivea Moycullen Moylough New Inn Newbridge Oranmore Oughterard Portumna Recess Rosmuc Rossaveal Roundstone Skehana Spiddal Turloughmore Williamstown Woodford

Townlands

Attymon Ballynahown Derrymullan Hollygrove Kilclooney Killagoola Kinvara Lissagurraun Meelick Muckanaghederdauhaulia Oldthort Tulrush

Baronies

Aran Athenry Ballymoe Ballynahinch Clare Clonmacnowen Dunkellin Dunmore Galway Kilconnell Killian Kiltartan Leitrim Longford Loughrea Moycullen Ross Tiaquin

Islands

Ardoileán Dinish Eddy Gorumna Illauneeragh Illauneeragh West Inchaghaun Inchamakinna Inishbarra Inisheer Inisheltia Inishmaan Inishark Inishmore Inishbofin Inishnee Inishturk South Mason Mutton Omey Turbot White Goat

List of townlands in County Galway Category:Mountains and hills of County Galway Category:Rivers of County Galway Category:Geography of County Galway

v t e

Counties of Ireland

The counties are listed per province

 Connacht

Galway Leitrim Mayo Roscommon Sligo

 Leinster

Carlow Dublin

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown Fingal South Dublin

Kildare Kilkenny Laois Longford Louth Meath Offaly Westmeath Wexford Wicklow

 Munster

Clare Cork Kerry Limerick Tipperary Waterford

 Ulster

Antrim† Armagh† Cavan Donegal Down† Fermanagh† Londonderry† Monaghan Tyrone†

Italics denote non-administrative counties. Brackets denote non-traditional counties. †denotes non-administrative counties of Northern Ireland

Coordinates: 53°20′N 9°00′W / 53.333°N 9.000°W / 53

.