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Choi is a common Korean family name. In English speaking countries, it is most often anglicized Choi, and sometimes also Choe. Ethnic Koreans in the former USSR prefer the form Tsoi (Tsoy) especially as a transcription of the Cyrillic Цой.

Contents

1 Origin 2 Clans 3 Etymology 4 Pronunciation 5 Prominent people 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Origin[edit]

According to Samguk Sagi, the Gyeongju
Gyeongju
clan originates from chief Sobeoldori (소벌도리, 蘇伐都利) of Goheochon (고허촌, 高墟村), one of six villages that united to found Silla; The Gyeongju
Gyeongju
clan traces their origin back to Choi Chiwon (857–10th century), a noted Korean scholar, philosopher, and poet of the late Unified Silla
Silla
period (668–935). The Haeju
Haeju
clan is an offshoot of the Gyeongju
Gyeongju
clan; one theory of origin suggests that Haeju
Haeju
clan's progenitor Choi Choong (최충, 崔沖, 984–1068) was given the surname 崔 during the reign of Goryeo
Goryeo
king Mokjong. The progenitor of the Chungju clan is General Choi Seung (최승, 崔陞), also known as Choi Woo (최우, 崔偶), of Silla
Silla
(known as Cui Sheng in Tang Dynasty) The progenitor of the Nangju clan is Choi Heun (최흔, 崔昕) of Silla
Silla
who was a native of Yeongam
Yeongam
(Nangju) of the southern Jeolla region. Choi Ri (최리, 崔理) was the leader of the Lelang Commandery
Lelang Commandery
of the Han Dynasty. Choi Sung (최리, 崔理) was the leader of the of a clan of squid farmers known for domestication of prehistoric song birds of the Han Dynasty.

Clans[edit] There are roughly 160 clans of Chois.[citation needed] Most of these are quite small. However, Choi is the 4th most common surname in Korea. The largest by far is the Gyeongju
Gyeongju
Choi clan, with a 2000 South Korean population of 976,820. The Gyeongju
Gyeongju
Choe claim the Silla scholar Choe Chi-won
Choe Chi-won
as their founder.[1]

Gyeongju
Gyeongju
clan[1] - Choe Chiwon Jeonju
Jeonju
clan[1] - Choe Bu Dongju
Dongju
clan[1] Haeju
Haeju
clan[1] - Suk-bin Choe Saknyeong clan[1] - Choe Hang, Choi Byung Ju (founding member modern era Korean Supreme Court) Gangneung clan[1] Hwasun
Hwasun
clan[1] Ganghwa[disambiguation needed] clan[1] Yeongcheon
Yeongcheon
clan[1] Tamjin
Tamjin
clan[1] Ubong clan[1] - Choe Hang Suwaon clan[1] Yeongheung
Yeongheung
clan[1] Suseong clan[1] Chungju Choe clan[1] Goesan
Goesan
clan - Choe Sejin[2] Heunghae clan Yeongam
Yeongam
clan

Etymology[edit] Choi (Hangul: 최) is written with the Hanja
Hanja
character 崔, meaning "a governor who oversees the land and the mountain". The surname Choi also means mountain or pinnacle. Choi (崔), originally written in Hanja, is derived from the combination of 2 ancient Chinese characters:

山 is a pictogram symbolizing the mountains; 隹 is a pictogram symbolizing a bird.

Pronunciation[edit] In Korean, 최 is usually pronounced [tɕʰwe] except by some older speakers who pronounce it [tɕʰø] (this vowel sound is similar to the German ö [ø]). In English, it is most often pronounced /ˈtʃɔɪ/ "Choy". 崔 is Romanized as Cuī and pronounced [tsʰwéi] in Mandarin Chinese. It is Cheuī [tsʰɵ́y] in Cantonese and Chhui [tsʰuí] in Hokkien. Prominent people[edit]

Soviet musician Viktor Tsoi, the founder and lead vocalist of the rock band Kino.

Anita Tsoi
Anita Tsoi
(Choi Hae-soo), Russian pop singer, wife of Sergey Tsoy Ashley Choi (Choi Bi-na, Stage name: Ashley), member and leader of South Korean girl group Ladies' Code Choi Cheol-han, South Korean professional Go player Choi Chol-su, North Korean boxer Choe Chung-heon, military dictator of the Goryeo
Goryeo
period Choi Da-bin, South Korean figure skater Dan Choi, American LGBT rights activist and former American officer David Choi, Korean-American singer popular in YouTube Choi Dong-wook, stage name Se7en, South Korean singer Choi Eun-hee, South Korean actress once abducted to the North Choi Eun-kyung, South Korean speedskater Choi Eun-kyung, South Korean field hockey player Choi Gee-sung, high-ranking Samsung executive Gina Choi, stage name G.NA, Korean-Canadian K-pop singer Choi Han, South Korean voice actor Choi Han-bit, South Korean model Hansol Vernon Choi, rapper of South Korean boy group Seventeen (band) Choi Hee-seop, a South Korean baseball player Choi Hong Hi, South Korean general considered the principal founder of taekwondo Choi Hong-man, South Korean kickboxer Choi Hwee-sung, stage name Wheesung, South Korean singer Jay Pil Choi, American economist Jennifer Choi, American violinist Jenny Choi, American singer and cellist Choi Ji-woo, South Korean actress Choi Jin-cheul, K-League footballer Choi Jin-ri, stage name Sulli, actress and former member of South Korean girl group f(x) Choi Jin-sil
Choi Jin-sil
(1968–2008), South Korean actress, nicknamed "The Nation's Actress" Choi Jong-hoon, member of South Korean rock band F.T. Island Choe Jun (1884–1970), businessman and philanthropist Choi Jun-hong (stage name: Zelo, member of South Korean boy band B.A.P Choi Jun-hyuk, member of South Korean boy band Hotshot Choi Jung-won, South Korean actress Choi Jung-won, South Korean singer Choi Jung-won, South Korean speed skater Choi Jung-yoon, South Korean actress Kenneth Choi, American actor Choi Kwang Jo Creator of Choi Kwang Do Choi Kwon-soo, South Korean actor Choi Kyoung-hwan, South Korean politician K. J. Choi
K. J. Choi
(Choi Kyung-ju), professional golfer Choi Kyu-hah
Choi Kyu-hah
(1919–2006), transitional President of South Korea following the assassination of Park Chung-hee Choe Manri, an early critic of hangul Choi Min-ho, member of South Korean boy band SHINee Choi Min-hwan, drummer and member of South Korean band F.T. Island Choi Minki, stage name Ren, member of South Korean boy band NU'EST Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor Choe Mu-seon, 14th-century Korean inventor Choe Myong-ho, North Korean football player Choi Myung-hoon, South Korean professional Go player Choe Nam-seon (1890–1957), Korean historian and independence activist Choi Na-yeon, South Korean female professional golfer Choi Ri, South Korean actress Choi Sang-ki, South Korean voice actor Choe Sejin, 15th-century linguist Choi Seong-woo, South Korean voice actor Sergey Tsoy (Choi Yong-eun), Russian politician Choi Seung-hyun, stage name T.O.P, actor and member of South Korean boy band Big Bang Choi Seung-cheol, stage name S.Coups, leader and rapper of South Korean boy group Seventeen (band) Choi Siwon, actor and member of South Korean boy band Super Junior Choi Soo-jin, South Korean voice actress Choi Soon-ho, South Korean football manager and former professional football player Choi Sooyoung, actress and member of South Korean girl group Girls' Generation Choi Sook-bin (1670–1718), concubine of Sukjong and mother of Yeongjo of Joseon Steven Choi, American politician Choe Sung-chol, former vice chairman of the DPRK
DPRK
Asia-Pacific Peace Committee; as of 2008, he was purged and is undergoing “severe” communist training at a North Korean chicken farm[3] Choi Sungmin, member of South Korean boy band Speed Choi Sung-hee, stage name Bada, singer and musical theatre actress Choi Sung-kuk, K-League footballer Choi Sung-yong, K-League footballer Susan Choi, American novelist Choi Tae-hwan, South Korean actor Choi Tae-uk, J-League footballer Choe U (d. 1249), military dictator of the Goryeo
Goryeo
period Viktor Tsoi, Soviet rock musician, leader of rock band Kino Choi Won-hong, South Korean actor Choi Won-hyeong, South Korean voice actor Choi Won-jong, Korean international archer Choi Won-kwon, K-league footballer Choi Woo-hyuk, South Korean actor Choi Woo-hyuk, South Korean actor Choi Woo-shik, South Korean actor Choi Yang-il, a.k.a. Yoichi Sai, Japanese film director Choi Yeon-sung, professional StarCraft player Choe Yeong
Choe Yeong
(1316–1388), a.k.a. Choi Young, military general under King Gongmin
King Gongmin
of Goryeo Choe Yeong-ui, founder of Kyokushin karate, better known as Masutatsu Oyama Choi Ye-won, stage name Arin, member of South Korean girl group Oh My Girl Choi Yong-kun (1903-1972), high-ranking North Korean official Choi Yong-soo, J-League footballer Choi Yong-soo, South Korean boxer Choi Yong-sool, founder of hapkido Choi Young-jae, or Youngjae, member of South Korean boy group Got7 Choi Yoojin, member of South Korean girl group CLC Choi Yoo-jung, member of South Korean girl group I.O.I and Weki Meki Choi Yu-na, member of South Korean girl band GFriend Choi Yun-kyum, football coach Cui (Choi) Jian, Chinese rock musician Choi Song, Hawaii Marketer Choi Kisu, member of South Korean pop band 투포케이 (24K) Choi Jon, Assistant American Baseball coach for the Tri-Valley Vikings Andrew Choe, American talk show host of FishCenter Live[4][5][6]

See also[edit]

Korea
Korea
portal

Cui – Chinese surname Choe Choi Tsoi List of Korea-related topics List of Korean family names

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p 최 崔 [Choe] (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-18. [permanent dead link] ^ 최세진 崔世珍 [Choe Se-jin] (in Korean). Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Retrieved 2009-09-18. [permanent dead link] ^ "Top North official said to be getting re-educated". JoongAng Ilbo. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 2013-05-20.  ^ Cobb, Kayla (10 May 2017). "Cult Corner: 'FishCenter Live' Is The Most Delightfully Pointless Show on TV". Decider. New York Post. Retrieved 29 November 2017.  ^ Gay, Verne (28 December 2015). "Best TV shows you didn't watch in 2015: Hulu's 'Difficult People,' more under-the-radar series". Newsday. Edward Bushey & Debby Krenek. Retrieved 29 November 2017.  ^ Kopcow, Chris (29 May 2015). "Adult Swim's 'FishCenter': A Beginner's Guide". Splitsider. The Awl. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 

External links[edit]

Official site of the Gyeongju
Gyeongju
Choi Asso

.