CAPE VERDE /ˌkeɪp ˈvɜːrd/ or CABO VERDE /kɑːboʊ
ˈvɜːrdeɪ/ , /kæ-/ (Portuguese : Cabo Verde, pronounced ),
officially the REPUBLIC OF CABO VERDE, is an island country spanning
an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central
Since the early 1990s,
Historically, the name "Cape Verde" has been used in English for the
archipelago and, since independence in 1975, for the country. In 2013,
the Cape Verdean government determined that the Portuguese designation
Cabo Verde would henceforth be used for official purposes, such as at
* 1 Etymology
* 2 History
* 2.1 Independence (1975)
* 3 Politics
* 3.1 Foreign relations * 3.2 Military * 3.3 International recognition
* 4 Geography
* 4.1 Physical geography and geology * 4.2 Climate * 4.3 Biome * 4.4 Administrative divisions * 4.5 Largest cities
* 5 Economy
* 5.1 Development * 5.2 Tourism
* 6 Society
* 6.1 Demographics
* 7 Culture
* 7.1 Media * 7.2 Music * 7.3 Dance * 7.4 Literature * 7.5 Cinema * 7.6 Cuisine * 7.7 Sports
* 8 Transport
* 8.1 Ports
* 8.2 Airports
* 8.2.1 International airports
* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Bibliography * 12 External links
The name of the country stems from the nearby
On 24 October 2013, the country's delegation announced at the United
Nations that the official name should no longer be translated into
other languages. Instead of "Cape Verde", the designation "
Main article: History of Cape Verde Insulae Capitis Viridis (1598), showing Cape Verde.
Before the arrival of Europeans, the
In 1462, Portuguese settlers arrived at Santiago and founded a
settlement they called Ribeira Grande (now called
Cidade Velha , to
avoid being confused with the town of Ribeira Grande on the Santo
Antão island). Ribeira Grande was the first permanent European
settlement in the tropics . A view of
Monte Cara from
In the 16th century, the archipelago prospered from the Atlantic
slave trade . Pirates occasionally attacked the Portuguese
Decline in the slave trade in the 19th century resulted in an
economic crisis. Cape Verde's early prosperity slowly vanished.
However, the islands' position astride mid-Atlantic shipping lanes
With few natural resources and inadequate sustainable investment from
the Portuguese, the citizens grew increasingly discontented with the
colonial masters, who nevertheless refused to provide the local
authorities with more autonomy. In 1951,
It demanded improvement in economic, social and political conditions
By 1972, the PAIGC controlled much of Portuguese Guinea despite the presence of the Portuguese troops, but the organization did not attempt to disrupt Portuguese control in Cape Verde. Portuguese Guinea declared independence in 1973 and was granted de jure independence in 1974. A budding independence movement — originally led by Amílcar Cabral , assassinated in 1973 — passed on to his half-brother Luís Cabral and culminated in independence for the archipelago in 1975.
Amílcar Cabral on a stamp of the former GDR .
Following the April 1974 revolution in
Immediately following the November 1980 coup in
Responding to growing pressure for pluralistic democracy, the PAICV
called an emergency congress in February 1990 to discuss proposed
constitutional changes to end one-party rule. Opposition groups came
together to form the Movement for Democracy (MPD) in
The one-party state was abolished 28 September 1990, and the first multi-party elections were held in January 1991. The MPD won a majority of the seats in the National Assembly, and MPD presidential candidate António Mascarenhas Monteiro defeated the PAICV's candidate with 73.5% of the votes. Legislative elections in December 1995 increased the MPD majority in the National Assembly. The party won 50 of the National Assembly's 72 seats.
A February 1996 presidential election returned President Monteiro to office. Legislative elections in January 2001 returned power to the PAICV, with the PAICV holding 40 of the National Assembly seats, MPD 30, and Party for Democratic Convergence (PCD) and Labour and Solidarity Party (PTS) 1 each. In February 2001, the PAICV-supported presidential candidate Pedro Pires defeated former MPD leader Carlos Veiga by only 13 votes.
The prime minister is the head of government and proposes other ministers and secretaries of state. The prime minister is nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president. Members of the National Assembly are elected by popular vote for 5-year terms. Three parties now hold seats in the National Assembly — MPD (36), PAICV (25) and the Cape Verdean Independent Democratic Union (UCID) (3).
The judicial system consists of a Supreme Court of Justice — whose members are appointed by the president, the National Assembly, and the Board of the Judiciary — and regional courts. Separate courts hear civil, constitutional, and criminal cases. Appeal is to the Supreme Court.
The two main political parties are PAICV and MPD.
Further information: Foreign relations of Cape Verde Map of countries with Cape Verdean embassies.
Main article: Cape Verdean Armed Forces Marines of the Cape Verdean Coast Guard.
The military of
Having fought their only war for independence against Portugal
between 1974 and 1975, the efforts of the Caboverdean Armed Forces
have now been turned to combating international drug trafficking. In
2007, together with the Cabo Verdean Police, they carried out
Operation Flying Launch (Operacão Lancha Voadora), a successful
operation to put an end to a drug trafficking group which smuggled
Although located in Africa,
The most recent engagement of the Armed Forces was the Monte Tchota massacre that resulted in 11 deaths.
INDEX SCORE PALOP RANK CPLP RANK AFRICAN RANK WORLD RANK YEAR
Human Development Index
Ibrahim Index of African Governance 73.0 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) N/A 7000300000000000000♠3 (top 6%) N/A 2015
Freedom of the Press 27 (Free) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000200000000000000♠2 (top 25%) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 2%) 7001480000000000000♠48 (top 24%) 2014
Freedom in the World 1/1 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 13%) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 2%) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 1%) 2016
Press Freedom Index 18.02 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000200000000000000♠2 (top 25%) 7000300000000000000♠3 (top 6%) 7001270000000000000♠27 (top 14%) 2017
Democracy Index 7.94 (Flawed democracy) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 13%) 7000200000000000000♠2 (top 4%) 7001230000000000000♠23 (top 12%) 2016
Corruption Perceptions Index 59 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000200000000000000♠2 (top 25%) 7000200000000000000♠2 (top 4%) 7001380000000000000♠38 (top 19%) 2016
Index of Economic Freedom 66.5 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 13%) 7000300000000000000♠3 (top 6%) 7001570000000000000♠57 (top 28%) 2016
e-Government Readiness Index 0.3551 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000300000000000000♠3 (top 38%) 7001140000000000000♠14 (top 26%) 7002127000000000000♠127 (top 63%) 2014
Failed States Index 74.1 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000300000000000000♠3 (top 38%) 7000800000000000000♠8 (top 15%) 7001930000000000000♠93 (top 46%) 2014
Networked Readiness Index 3.8 7000100000000000000♠1 (top 17%) 7000300000000000000♠3 (top 38%) 7000700000000000000♠7 (top 13%) 7001870000000000000♠87 (top 43%) 2015
A See List of countries by Human Development Index#
B 1/1 is the highest possible rating.
C With the maximum score,
E With the maximum score,
F The rank on this list is expressed in reverse order. To be comparable with the other rankings on this table, the actual rank of 88 was inverted, by subtracting it from the number of countries on the list, currently 177.
The country is a horseshoe-shaped cluster of ten islands (nine inhabited) and eight islets, that constitute an area of 4033 km2.
The islands are spatially divided into two groups:
The largest island, both in size and population, is Santiago , which hosts the nation's capital, Praia, the principal urban agglomeration in the archipelago.
Three (Sal , Boa Vista and Maio ) are fairly flat, sandy, and dry; the others are generally rockier with more vegetation.
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY
Geologically, the islands, covering a combined area of slightly over 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 square miles), are principally composed of igneous rocks , with volcanic structures and pyroclastic debris comprising the majority of the archipelago's total volume. The volcanic and plutonic rocks are distinctly basic; the archipelago is a soda-alkaline petrographic province, with a petrologic succession similar to that found in other Macaronesian islands.
Magnetic anomalies identified in the vicinity of the archipelago
indicate that the structures forming the islands date back 125–150
million years: the islands themselves date from 8 million (in the
west) to 20 million years (in the east). The oldest exposed rocks
occurred on Maio and northern peninsula of Santiago and are 128–131
million year old pillow lavas. The first stage of volcanism in the
islands began in the early
The origin of the islands' volcanism has been attributed to a hotspot
, associated with bathymetric swell that formed the
Most recently erupting in 2014, Pico do Fogo is the largest active volcano in the region. It has a 8 kilometres (5 miles) diameter caldera , whose rim is 1,600 metres (5,249 feet) altitude and an interior cone that rises to 2,829 metres (9,281 feet) above sea level . The caldera resulted from subsidence, following the partial evacuation (eruption) of the magma chamber, along a cylindrical column from within magma chamber (at a depth of 8 kilometres (5 miles)).
Extensive salt flats are found on Sal and Maio. On Santiago, Santo Antão, and São Nicolau, arid slopes give way in places to sugarcane fields or banana plantations spread along the base of towering mountains. Ocean cliffs have been formed by catastrophic debris landslides .
* Geography of Cape Verde
The beach of Calhau, with Monte Verde in the background, on the island of São Vicente . *
Countryside on Santiago Island *
A typical landscape of Santa Catarina, Santiago Island *
Santo Antão island landscapes *
Ribeira Grande Valley on Santiago .
Further information: Geography of Cape Verde § Climate
Cape Verde's climate is milder than that of the African mainland,
because the surrounding sea moderates temperatures on the islands and
cold Atlantic currents produce an arid atmosphere around the
archipelago. Conversely, the islands do not receive the upwellings
(cold streams) that affect the West African coast, so the air
temperature is cooler than in Senegal, but the sea is warmer, because
the orographic relief of some islands, such as Santiago with steep
mountains, cover it with rich woods and luxuriant vegetation where the
humid air condenses and soak the plants, rocks, soil, logs, moss, etc.
On the higher islands and somewhat wetter islands, exclusively in
mountainous areas, like Santo Antão island, the climate is suitable
for the development of dry monsoon forest, and laurel forest as this
vegetation Average daily high temperatures range from 26 °C (79 °F)
in February to 31 °C (87.8 °F) in September.
CLIMATE DATA FOR CAPE VERDE: SAL AND PRAIA
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 33.0 (91.4) 36.7 (98.1) 35.2 (95.4) 36.0 (96.8) 36.4 (97.5) 40.0 (104) 40.0 (104) 34.9 (94.8) 35.0 (95) 37.0 (98.6) 36.9 (98.4) 33.2 (91.8) 40.0 (104)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 26.1 (79) 26.2 (79.2) 27.4 (81.3) 27.7 (81.9) 28.9 (84) 29.4 (84.9) 29.7 (85.5) 30.6 (87.1) 30.5 (86.9) 30.7 (87.3) 29.4 (84.9) 27.6 (81.7) 28.68 (83.64)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 22 (72) 22 (72) 22 (72) 23 (73) 24 (75) 24 (75) 25 (77) 26 (79) 26 (79) 26 (79) 25 (77) 23 (73) 24 (75)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 19.7 (67.5) 19.2 (66.6) 19.4 (66.9) 20.2 (68.4) 21.1 (70) 21.9 (71.4) 23.3 (73.9) 24.3 (75.7) 24.4 (75.9) 24.1 (75.4) 22.8 (73) 21.4 (70.5) 21.82 (71.27)
RECORD LOW °C (°F) 10.0 (50) 10.2 (50.4) 10.0 (50) 14.0 (57.2) 10.7 (51.3) 14.1 (57.4) 11.0 (51.8) 16.0 (60.8) 18.0 (64.4) 19.4 (66.9) 16.4 (61.5) 16.0 (60.8) 10.0 (50)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 3 (0.12) 7 (0.28) 5 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 0 (0) 3 (0.12) 5 (0.2) 15 (0.59) 14 (0.55) 16 (0.63) 7 (0.28) 10 (0.39) 90 (3.56)
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 61 58 57 56 57 61 67 50 47 67 64 63 59
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 310.0 214.5 280.0 330.0 341.0 300.0 279.0 250.0 295.0 279.0 300.0 279.0 3,457.5
Source #1: Weatherbase.com (humidity, sun and mean temperature),
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for the rest
Sal, Boa Vista and Maio have a flat landscape and arid climate, the remaining ones are generally rockier and have more vegetation. Because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the landscape is arid. The archipelago can be divided into four broad ecological zones — arid, semiarid, subhumid and humid, according to altitude and average annual rainfall ranging from 200 millimetres (7.9 inches) in the arid areas of the coast to more than 1,000 millimetres (39 inches) in the humid mountain. Most rainfall precipitation is due to condensation of the ocean mist.
In some islands, as Santiago , the wetter climate of the interior and the eastern coast contrasts with the dryer one in the south/southwest coast. Praia, on the southeast coast, is the largest city of the island and the largest city and capital of the country.
Because of their proximity to the Sahara, most of the Cape Verde islands are dry, but on islands with high mountains and farther away from the coast, by orography, the humidity is much higher, providing a rainforest habitat, although much affected by the human presence. Northeastern slopes of high mountains often receive a lot of rain while southwest slopes do not. These umbria areas are identified with cool and moisture.
Western Hemisphere-bound hurricanes often have their early beginnings
The islands themselves have only been struck by hurricanes twice in recorded history (since 1851): once in 1892, and again in 2015 by Hurricane Fred , the easternmost hurricane ever to form in the Atlantic.
Main article: Wildlife of Cape Verde
Cape Verde's isolation has resulted in the islands having a number of
endemic species , particularly bird and reptiles, many of which are
endangered by human development. Endemic birds include Alexander\'s
swift (Apus alexandri), Bourne\'s heron (Ardea purpurea bournei), the
Raso lark (Alauda razae), the
Cape Verde warbler (Acrocephalus
brevipennis), and the
Iago sparrow (Passer iagoensis). The islands
are also an important breeding area for seabirds including the Cape
Verde shearwater . Reptiles include the
Main article: Administrative divisions of Cabo Verde
Barlavento Islands ISLAND MUNICIPALITY CENSUS 2013 PARISH
Santo Antão Ribeira Grande 18,890 Nossa Senhora do Rosário
Nossa Senhora do Livramento
São Pedro Apóstolo
Paúl 6,997 Santo António das Pombas
Porto Novo 18,028 São João Baptista
São Vicente São Vicente 79,374 Nossa Senhora da Luz
São Nicolau Ribeira Brava 7,580 Nossa Senhora da Lapa
Nossa Senhora do Rosário
Tarrafal de São Nicolau 5,237 São Francisco
Sal Sal 30,879 Nossa Senhora das Dores
Boa Vista Boa Vista 9,162 Santa Isabel
São João Baptista
Sotavento Islands ISLAND MUNICIPALITY CENSUS 2010 PARISH
Maio Maio 6,952 Nossa Senhora da Luz
São Domingos 13,808 Nossa Senhora da Luz
São Nicolau Tolentino
Santa Catarina 44,388 Santa Catarina
São Salvador do Mundo 8,677 São Salvador do Mundo
Santa Cruz 26,617 Santiago Maior
São Lourenço dos Órgãos 7,388 São Lourenço dos Órgãos
Ribeira Grande de Santiago 8,325 Santíssimo Nome de Jesus
São João Baptista
São Miguel 15,648 São Miguel Arcanjo
Tarrafal 18,565 Santo Amaro Abade
Fogo São Filipe 22,248 São Lourenço
Nossa Senhora da Conceição
Santa Catarina do Fogo 5,299 Santa Catarina do Fogo
Mosteiros 9,524 Nossa Senhora da Ajuda
Brava Brava 6,952 São João Baptista
Nossa Senhora do Monte
* v * t * e
Largest cities or towns in Cape Verde Instituto Nacional de Estatística (Distribuição da população residente - RGPH 2010: População urbana)
RANK NAME MUNICIPALITY POP.
3 Santa Maria Sal 23 839
4 Assomada Santa Catarina 12 026
5 Porto Novo Porto Novo 9 430
6 Pedra Badejo Santa Cruz 9 345
7 São Filipe São Filipe 8 125
8 Tarrafal Tarrafal 6 177
9 Sal Rei Boa Vista 5 407
10 Ribeira Grande Ribeira Grande 4 625
Cape Verde's notable economic growth and improvement in living conditions despite a lack of natural resources has garnered international recognition , with other countries and international organizations often providing development aid . Since 2007, the UN has classified it as a developing nation rather than a least developed country .
The economy of
Since 1991, the government has pursued market-oriented economic policies, including an open welcome to foreign investors and a far-reaching privatization programme. It established as top development priorities the promotion of a market economy and of the private sector; the development of tourism , light manufacturing industries, and fisheries; and the development of transport , communications , and energy facilities. From 1994 to 2000 about $407 million in foreign investments were made or planned, of which 58% were in tourism, 17% in industry, 4% in infrastructure, and 21% in fisheries and services.
In 2011, on four islands a wind farm was built that supplies about 30% of the electricity of the country. It is one of the top countries for renewable energy.
Between 2000 and 2009, real GDP increased on average by over 7
percent a year, well above the average for Sub-Saharan countries and
faster than most small island economies in the region. Strong economic
performance was bolstered by one of the fastest growing tourism
industries in the world, as well as by substantial capital inflows
The minimum wage has been set at 11,000.00
The European Commission's total allocation for the period of
2008–2013 foreseen for
Cape Verde's strategic location at the crossroads of mid-Atlantic air
and sea lanes has been enhanced by significant improvements at Mindelo
's harbour (Porto Grande ) and at Sal\'s and Praia\'s international
airports . A new international airport was opened in Boa Vista in
December 2007, and on the island of São Vicente, the newest
international airport (
Cesária Évora Airport ) in Cape Verde, was
opened in late 2009. Ship repair facilities at
The major ports are
The country's future economic prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, outsourcing labour to neighbouring African countries, and the momentum of the government's development programme.
European ancestors include Spanish and Italian seamen who were
granted land by the Portuguese Empire, followed by Portuguese
settlers, exiles, Portuguese Muslims and Portuguese Jews who were both
victims of the Inquisition. Many foreigners from other parts of the
world settled in
A genetic study revealed that the ancestry of the population in Cape Verde is predominantly European in the male line and West African in the female line; counted together the percentage is 56% African and 44% European. The high degree of genetic and ethnic mixture of individuals is a result of centuries of migration.
Cape Verde's official language is Portuguese. It is the language of instruction and government. It is also used in such media as newspapers, television, and radio.
Cape Verdean Creole is used colloquially and is the mother tongue of virtually all Cape Verdeans. The national constitution calls for the measures to give it parity with Portuguese. Cape Verdean Creole or Kriolu is a dialect continuum of a Portuguese-based creole . There is a substantial body of literature in Creole, especially in the Santiago Creole and the São Vicente Creole . Creole has been gaining prestige since the nation's independence from Portugal.
The differences between the forms of the language within the islands have been a major obstacle in the way of standardization of the language. Some people have advocated the development of two standards: a North (Barlavento) standard, centered on the São Vicente Creole, and a South (Sotavento) standard, centered on the Santiago Creole. Manuel Veiga , PhD, a linguist and Minister of Culture of Cape Verde, is the premier proponent of Kriolu's officialization and standardization.
Further information: Religion in Cape Verde
Around 95% of the population are Christian. More than 85% of the
population was nominally
EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION
Main article: Cape Verdean diaspora
Cape Verdeans live abroad than in
There are significant
The Chinese make up a sizable and important segment of the immigrant population in Cape Verde. The immigrants from the nearby West African coast make up the majority of foreigners in the country. Over the last several years, a few thousand Europeans and Latin Americans have settled in the country. On the islands, there are over 22,000 foreigners/naturalized Cape Verdeans living and working on a permanent basis.
Over the years,
Emigrants from the
Main article: Health in Cape Verde A health clinic in a residential area of Praia.
The infant mortality rate among Cape Verdean children between 0 and 5 years old is 17.5 per 1,000 live births according to the latest (2016) data from the National Statistics Bureau , while the maternal mortality rate is 42 deaths per 100,000 live births. The HIV-AIDS prevalence rate among Cape Verdeans between 15 and 49 years old is approximately 1.09 %.
According to the latest data (2015) from the National Statistics
Bureau , life expectancy at birth in
Cape Verde's population is among the healthiest in Africa. Since its
independence, it has greatly improved its health indicators. Besides
having been promoted to the group of "medium development" countries in
2007, leaving the least developed countries category (which is only
the second time it has happened to a country ), is currently the 10th
best ranked country in
The total expenditure for health was 7.1% of GDP (2015).
Main article: Education in Cape Verde A kindergarten graduation on Santiago island.
Although The Cape Verdean educational system is similar to the
Portuguese system, over the years the local universities have been
increasingly adopting the American educational system; for instance,
all 10 existing universities in the country offer 4-year bachelor's
degree programs as opposed to 5-year bachelor's degree programs that
existed before 2010.
In 2011, the net enrollment ratio for primary school was 85%. Approximately 90% of the total population over 15 years of age is literate, and roughly 25% of the population holds a college degree; 250 of these college graduates hold doctorate degrees in different academic fields. Textbooks have been made available to 90 percent of school children, and 98 percent of the teachers have attended in-service teacher training. Although most children have access to education, some problems remain. For example, there is insufficient spending on school materials, lunches, and books.
As of October 2016, there were 69 secondary schools throughout the
archipelago (including 19 private secondary schools) and at least 10
universities in the country which are based on the two islands of
Santiago and São Vicente. In 2015, 23% of the Cape Verdean population
had either attended or graduated from secondary schools. When it came
to higher education, 9% of Cape Verdean men and 8% of Cape Verdean
women held a bachelor's degree or had attended universities. The
overall college education rate (i.e., college graduates and
undergraduate students) in
The total expenditure on education was 5.6% of GDP (2010). The mean years of schooling of adults over 25 years is 12.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Main article: Science and technology in Cabo Verde
In 2011, Cabo Verde devoted just 0.07% of GDP to research and development, among the lowest rates in West Africa. The Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Culture plans to strengthen the research and academic sectors by placing emphasis on greater mobility, through exchange programmes and international co-operation agreements. As part of this strategy, Cabo Verde is participating in the Ibero-American academic mobility programme that expects to mobilize 200 000 academics between 2015 and 2020.
Cabo Verde counted 25 researchers in 2011, a researcher density of 51 per million inhabitants. The world average was 1,083 per million in 2013. All 25 researchers were working in the government sector in 2011 and one in three were women (36%). There was no research being conducted in either medical or agricultural sciences. Of the eight engineers involved in research and develoment, one was a woman. Three of the five researchers working in natural sciences were women, as were three of the six social scientists and two of the five researchers from the humanities.
In 2015, the government was planning to build a ‘cyber-island’
which would develop and offer services that include software
development, computer maintenance and back office operations. Approved
in 2013, the
Further information: Crime in Cape Verde
Theft and burglary are common in
In all its aspects, the culture of
The Cape Verdean case may be situated in the common context of African nations, in which elites, who questioned European racial and cultural superiority and who in some cases undertook a long armed struggle against European imperialism and national liberation, use the rule of Western codes as the main instrument of internal domination.
Cape Verdean social and cultural patterns are similar to those of
Further information: Media of Cape Verde
In towns with electricity, television is available on three channels;
one state owned (RTC - TCV) and three foreign owned, RTI Cabo Verde
launched by the Portuguese-based RTI in 2005,on March 31, 2007, Record
Cabo Verde , its own version was launched by the Brazilian-based Rede
As of early 2017, about 19% of the Cape Verdean population own an
active cellular phone, 70% have access to the internet, 11% own a
landline telephone, and 2% of the population are signed up with a
local cable TV company. In 2003,
In 2004, there were seven radio stations; six independent and one
state owned. The media is operated by the Capeverdean News Agency
Inforpress ). Nationwide radio stations include RCV,
RCV+, Radio Kriola, the religious station Radio Nova. Local radio
stations include Rádio
The Cape Verdean people are known for their musicality, well
expressed by popular manifestations such as the Carnival of Mindelo,
whose importance makes the city known in the days of the momesque
celebrations as "Brazilim" (or "little Brazil").
Another great exponent of traditional music from
There are also well known artists born to Cape Verdean parents who
excelled themselves in the international music scene. Amongst these
artists are jazz pianist
Horace Silver ,
Dance forms include the soft dance morna, the extreme sensuality of coladeira , the Cape Verdean version of the zouk from Guadeloupe called Cabo love , the Funaná (a sensual mixed Portuguese and African dance), and the Batuque dance.
Cape Verdean literature is one of the richest of Lusophone Africa. Famous poets include Paulino Vieira, Manuel de Novas, Sergio Frusoni, Eugénio Tavares, and B. Léza, and famous authors include Baltasar Lopes da Silva , António Aurélio Gonçalves, Manuel Lopes , Orlanda Amarílis , Henrique Teixeira de Sousa , Arménio Vieira , Kaubverdianu Dambará, Dr. Azágua, and Germano Almeida .
A popular dish served in
The country's most successful sports team is the
Cape Verde national football team , nicknamed either the
Tubarões Azuis (Blue Sharks) or Crioulos (Creoles), is the national
The country has competed at every Summer Olympics since 1996.
Main article: Transport in Cape Verde
New port in Santo Antão
There are four international ports: Mindelo, São Vicente; Praia,
Santiago; Palmeira, Sal; and Sal Rei, Boa Vista.
Aristides Pereira International Airport in Boa Vista island.
Seven operational in 2014 — 4 international and 3 domestic. Two non-operational, one on Brava and the other on Santo Antão, closed for safety reasons.
* Amílcar Cabral International Airport , Sal Island * Nelson Mandela International Airport , Santiago Island * Aristides Pereira International Airport , Boa Vista Island * Cesária Évora Airport , São Vicente Island * Joao Dos Santos Airport
* ^ A B C D "Constituição da República de Cabo Verde" (PDF).
Article 9. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
* Pim, J.; Pierce, C.; Watts, A. B.; Grevemeyer, I.; Krabbenhoeft,
A. (5 May 2008). "Crustal structure and origin of the
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for CAPE VERDE .