Brazil national football team
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The Brazil national football team ( pt, Seleção Brasileira de Futebol) represents Brazil in men's international Association football, football and is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of FIFA since 1923 and a member of CONMEBOL since 1916. Brazil is the most successful national team in the FIFA World Cup, being crowned winner five times: 1958 FIFA World Cup, 1958, 1962 FIFA World Cup, 1962, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1970, 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1994 and 2002 FIFA World Cup, 2002. The ''Seleção'' also has the best overall performance in the World Cup competition, both in proportional and absolute terms, with a record of 73 victories in 109 matches played, 124 goal difference, 237 points, and 18 losses. Brazil is the only national team to have played in all National team appearances in the FIFA World Cup#Comprehensive team results by tournament, World Cup editions without any absence nor need for playoffs. In relation to ranking standings Brazil fare well, having the World Football Elo Ratings#Highest average ratings since 1970, highest ''average'' football Elo rating since 1970, and the fourth World Football Elo Ratings#All-time team highs and lows, all-time ''peak'' football Elo Rating established in 1962. In FIFA's ranking system Brazil holds the record for most FIFA World Rankings#Performances by countries, Team of the Year wins with 12. Many commentators, experts and former players have considered the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest football team ever. Other Brazilian teams are also highly estimated and regularly appear listed among the best teams of all time, such as the Brazil teams of 1958–62, with honorary mentions for the gifted 1982 side. Brazil is the only national team to have won the World Cup on four different continents: once in Europe (1958 FIFA World Cup, 1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 FIFA World Cup, 1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 FIFA World Cup, 1970 Mexico and 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1994 United States) and once in Asia (2002 FIFA World Cup, 2002 Korea/Japan). They share with France national football team, France and Argentina national football team, Argentina the feat of winning the three most important men's football titles overseen by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament. They also share with Spain national football team, Spain a record of 35 consecutive matches undefeated. Brazil has many rivals due to its successes, with notable rivalries with Argentina national football team, Argentina—known as the ''Superclássico das Américas'' in Portuguese, Italy national football team, Italy—known as the ''Clásico Mundial'' in Spanish or the ''World Derby'' in English, Uruguay national football team, Uruguay due to the traumatic Uruguay v Brazil (1950 FIFA World Cup), Maracanazo, France national football team, France due to the fact that they usually have difficulties against France in World Cups, the Netherlands national football team, Netherlands due to several important meetings between the two teams at World Cups, and the style of play of the two teams being considered similar, and Portugal national football team, Portugal due to shared cultural traits and heritage, as well as the large number of Brazilian-born players in Portugal. Brazil has also produced players considered as the best of the world at their time and among the best in history, such are the cases of Pelé (widely regarded as the greatest footballer of all time), Didi (footballer, born 1928), Didi, Nílton Santos, Nilton Santos, Djalma Santos, Julinho (footballer, born 1929), Júlio Botelho, Garrincha, Rivellino, Gérson, Tostão, Jairzinho, Carlos Alberto Torres, Carlos Alberto, Sócrates, Zico (footballer), Zico, Paulo Roberto Falcão, Falcão, Leovegildo Lins da Gama Júnior, Júnior, Careca, Romário, Bebeto, Jorginho (footballer, born 1964), Jorginho, Cafu, Roberto Carlos, Ronaldo (Brazilian footballer), Ronaldo, Rivaldo, Ronaldinho, Kaká, Adriano (footballer, born 1982), Adriano, Dani Alves, Daniel Alves, Thiago Silva, Marcelo (footballer, born 1988), Marcelo and Neymar. A common quip about football is: "''Os ingleses o inventaram, os brasileiros o aperfeiçoaram''" (The English invented it, the Brazilians perfected it).


History


Early history (1914–22)

It is generally believed that the inaugural game of the Brazil national football team was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City F.C., Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium. Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman, though it is claimed that the match was a 3–3 draw. In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant. Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina national football team, Argentina (being defeated 3–0), Chile national football team, Chile (first in 1916) and Uruguay national football team, Uruguay (first on 12 July 1916). However, led by the goalscoring abilities of Arthur Friedenreich, they were victorious at home in the Copa América, South American Championships in 1919 South American Championship, 1919, repeating their victory, also at home, in 1922 South American Championship, 1922.


First World Cup and title drought (1930–49)

In 1930, Brazil played in 1930 FIFA World Cup, the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The squad defeated Bolivia national football team, Bolivia but lost to Yugoslavia national football team, Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition. They lost in the first round to Spain national football team, Spain in 1934 FIFA World Cup, 1934 in Italy, but reached the semi-finals in France in 1938 FIFA World Cup, 1938, being defeated 2–1 by eventual winners Italy national football team, Italy. Brazil were the only South American team to participate in this competition. The 1949 South American Championship held in Brazil ended a 27-year streak without official titles.Oliver, Guy (1992). The Guinness Record of World Soccer. Guinness Publishing. p. 560. The last one had been in the 1922 South American Championship, also played on Brazilian soil.


The 1950 ''Maracanazo''

After that, Brazil first achieved international prominence when it hosted the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The team went into the last game of the final round, against Uruguay at Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, needing only a draw to win the World Cup. Uruguay, however, won the match and the Cup in a game known as "Uruguay v Brazil (1950 FIFA World Cup), the Maracanazo". The match led to a period of national mourning. For the 1954 FIFA World Cup, 1954 World Cup in Switzerland, Brazil was then almost completely renovated, with the team colours changed (to a new design by Aldyr Schlee) from all white to the yellow, blue and green of the national flag, to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary national football team, Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, known as the Battle of Berne.


The Golden Era with Pelé (1958–70)

For the 1958 FIFA World Cup, 1958 World Cup, Brazil were drawn in a group with England national football team, England, the Soviet Union national football team, USSR and Austria national football team, Austria. They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match, then drew 0–0 with England. Before the match, coach Vicente Feola made three substitutions that were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets: Zito (footballer), Zito, Garrincha and Pelé. From the kick-off, they kept up the pressure relentlessly, and after three minutes, which were later described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football",''Garrincha'' 122. Vavá gave Brazil the lead. They won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales national football team, Wales, and they beat France national football team, France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil then beat Sweden national football team, Sweden 5–2 in the final, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. Pelé described it tearfully as a nation coming of age. In the 1962 FIFA World Cup, 1962 World Cup, Brazil earned its second title with Garrincha as the star player, a mantle and responsibility laid upon him after the regular talisman, Pelé, was injured during the second group match against Czechoslovakia national football team, Czechoslovakia and unable to play for the rest of the tournament. In the 1966 FIFA World Cup, 1966 World Cup, Brazil had their worst performance in a World Cup. The 1966 tournament was remembered for its excessively physical play, and Pelé was one of the players most affected. Against Portugal national football team, Portugal, several violent tackles by the Portuguese defenders caused Pelé to leave the match and the tournament. Brazil lost this match and was eliminated in the first round of the World Cup for the first time since 1934. They have not failed to reach the knockout stages of the competition since. Brazil became the second nation to be eliminated in the first round while holding the World Cup crown following Italy national football team, Italy in 1950. After the 2002, 2010, 2014 and 2018 World Cups, France, Italy, Spain national football team, Spain and Germany were also added to this list. After the tournament, Pelé declared that he did not wish to play in the World Cup again. Nonetheless, he returned in 1970. Brazil won its third World Cup in Mexico in 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1970. It fielded what has since then often been considered the best World Cup football squad ever, led by Pelé in his last World Cup finals, captain Carlos Alberto Torres, Jairzinho, Tostão, Gérson and Rivelino. Even though Garrincha had retired, this team was still a force to be reckoned with. They won all six of their games—against Czechoslovakia, England and Romania national football team, Romania during group play, and against Peru national football team, Peru, Uruguay and Italy in the knockout rounds. Jairzinho was the second top scorer with seven goals, and is the only player to score in every match in a World Cup; Pelé finished with four goals. Brazil lifted the Jules Rimet trophy for the third time (the first nation to do so), which meant that they were allowed to keep it. A replacement was then commissioned, though it would be 24 years before Brazil won it again.


The dry spell (1974–1990)

After the international retirement of Pelé and other stars from the 1970 squad, Brazil was not able to overcome the Netherlands national football team, Netherlands at the 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1974 World Cup in West Germany, and finished in fourth place after losing the third place game to Poland national football team, Poland. In the second group stage of the 1978 FIFA World Cup, 1978 World Cup, Brazil competed with tournament hosts Argentina for top spot and a place in the finals. In their last group match, Brazil defeated Poland national football team, Poland 3–1 to go to the top of the group with a goal difference of +5. Argentina had had a goal difference of +2, but in its last group match, it defeated Peru 6–0, and thus qualified for the final in a match accused of ultimately-unproven match fixing. The Brazil at the 1978 FIFA World Cup#Starting 11, Brazil qualified for the third place, and were the only team to remain unbeaten in the tournament. At the 1982 FIFA World Cup, 1982 World Cup, held in Spain, Brazil were the tournament favorites, and easily moved through the early part of the draw, but a Brazil vs Italy (1982), 3–2 defeat in Barcelona to Italy, in a classic World Cup match, eliminated them from the tournament in the match that they refer to as "Sarriá's Disaster", referencing the stadium's name. The Brazil at the 1982 FIFA World Cup#Starting 11, 1982 team, with a midfield of Sócrates, Zico (footballer), Zico, Paulo Roberto Falcão, Falcão and Éder Aleixo de Assis, Éder, is remembered as perhaps the greatest team never to win a World Cup. Several players, including Sócrates and Zico, from 1982 returned to play at the 1986 FIFA World Cup, 1986 World Cup in Mexico. Brazil, still a very good team and more disciplined defensively than four years earlier, met the Michel Platini-led France in the quarter-finals in a classic of Total Football. The game played to a 1–1 draw in regulation time, and after a goalless extra time, it all came down to a penalty shoot-out, where Brazil was defeated 4–3. After a 40-year hiatus, Brazil was victorious in the 1989 Copa América, this being their fourth victory in four tournaments hosted in Brazil. This achievement ended Brazil's 19-year streak absent a championship. The last one had been in the 1970 World Cup. At the 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1990 World Cup in Italy, Brazil was coached by Sebastião Lazaroni, that had been the coach in the 1989 Copa América. With a Brazil at the 1990 FIFA World Cup#Starting 11, defensive scheme, whose main symbol was midfielder Dunga, forward Careca and three centre-backs, the team lacked creativity but made it to the second round. Brazil was eliminated by Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the round of 16 in Turin, losing to their South American archrivals 1–0.


Return to winning ways (1994–2002)

Brazil went 24 years without winning a World Cup or even participating in a final. Their struggles ended at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1994 tournament in the United States, where a solid side headed by Romário and Bebeto in attack, captain Dunga in midfield, goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel and defender Jorginho (footballer, born 1964), Jorginho, won the World Cup for a then-record fourth time. Highlights of their campaign included a 1–0 victory over the United States national men's soccer team, United States in the round of 16 at Stanford University, a 3–2 win over the Netherlands in the quarter-finals in Dallas, and a 1–0 victory over Sweden in the semi-finals at Pasadena, California, Pasadena's Rose Bowl (stadium), Rose Bowl. This set up Brazil–Italy in the final in Pasadena. A game played in searing heat which ended as a goalless draw, with Italy's defence led by Franco Baresi keeping out Romário, penalty kicks loomed, and Brazil became champions with Roberto Baggio missing Italy's last penalty. Despite the triumph, the 1994 World Cup winning team is not held in the same high esteem in Brazil as their other World Cup winning teams. ''FourFourTwo'' magazine labelled the 1994 team “unloved” in Brazil due to their pragmatic, defensive style over the more typical Brazilian style of attacking flair. Entering the 1998 FIFA World Cup, 1998 World Cup as defending champions, Brazil finished runner-up. Having topped their group and won the next two rounds, Brazil beat the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-final following a 1–1 draw. Player of the tournament Ronaldo (Brazilian footballer), Ronaldo scored four goals and made three assists en route to the 1998 FIFA World Cup Final, final. The build up to the final itself was overshadowed by the world's best player Ronaldo suffering a Epileptic seizure, convulsive fit only hours before kick off. The starting line up without Ronaldo was released to a shocked world media, but after pleading that he felt fine and requested to play, Ronaldo was reinstated by the coach, before giving a below par performance as France, led by Zinedine Zidane, Zidane won 3–0. Fuelled by the "Three R's" (Ronaldo (Brazilian footballer), Ronaldo, Rivaldo and Ronaldinho), Brazil won its fifth championship at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, 2002 World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan. Brazil beat all three opponents in group play in South Korea and topped the group. In Brazil's opening game against Turkey national football team, Turkey, in Ulsan, Rivaldo fell to the ground clutching his face after Turkey's Hakan Ünsal had kicked the ball at his legs. Rivaldo escaped suspension but was fined £5,180 for play-acting, and became the first player ever to be punished in FIFA's crackdown on Diving (association football), diving. In their knockout round matches in Japan, Brazil defeated Belgium national football team, Belgium 2–0 in Kobe in the round of 16. Brazil defeated England 2–1 in the quarter-finals in Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Shizuoka, with the winning goal coming from an unexpected free-kick by Ronaldinho from 40 yards out. The semi-final was against Turkey in Saitama, Saitama, Saitama; Brazil won 1–0. The 2002 FIFA World Cup Final, final was between Germany and Brazil in Yokohama, where Ronaldo scored two goals in Brazil's 2–0 triumph. Ronaldo also won the FIFA World Cup awards#Golden Boot, Golden Shoe as the tournament's leading scorer with 8 goals. Brazil's success saw them receive the Laureus World Sports Award for Team of the Year.


World Cup drought (2002–present)

Brazil won the 2004 Copa América, their third win in four competitions since 1997. Brazil also won the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup for the second time. Manager Carlos Alberto Parreira built his side through a 4–2–2–2 formation. Nicknamed the "Magic quartet", the attack was built around four players: Ronaldo, Adriano (footballer, born 1982), Adriano, Kaká and Ronaldinho. In the 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2006 World Cup, Brazil won its first two games against Croatia national football team, Croatia (1–0) and Australia national association football team, Australia (2–0). In the final group game against Japan national football team, Japan, Brazil won 4–1. Ronaldo scored twice and equalled the record for the most goals scored across all World Cups. In the round of 16, Brazil beat Ghana national football team, Ghana 3–0. Ronaldo's goal was his 15th in World Cup history, breaking the record. Brazil, however, was eliminated in the quarter-finals against France, losing 1–0 to a Thierry Henry goal. Dunga was hired as Brazil's new team manager in 2006. Brazil then won the 2007 Copa América, where forward Robinho was awarded the Golden Boot and named the tournament's best player. Two years later, Brazil won the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, defeating the U.S. 3–2 in the final, to seal their third FIFA Confederations Cup, Confederations Cup title. Kaká was named as the player of the tournament while striker Luís Fabiano won the top goalscorer award. At the 2010 FIFA World Cup, 2010 World Cup in South Africa, Brazil won their first two matches against North Korea national football team, North Korea (2–1) and the Ivory Coast national football team, Ivory Coast (3–1), respectively. Their last match, against Portugal, ended in a 0–0 draw. They faced Chile in the round of 16, winning 3–0, although in the quarter-final they fell to the Netherlands 2–1. In July 2010, Mano Menezes was named as Brazil's new coach. At the 2011 Copa América, Brazil lost against Paraguay national football team, Paraguay and was eliminated in the quarter-finals. On 4 July 2012, due to a lack of competitive matches because the team had automatically qualified for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, 2014 World Cup as tournament hosts, Brazil was ranked 11th in the FIFA World Rankings, FIFA ranking.


Return of Luiz Felipe Scolari (2013–14)

In November 2012, coach Mano Menezes was sacked and replaced by Luiz Felipe Scolari. On 6 June 2013, Brazil was ranked 22nd in the FIFA ranking, their lowest-ever rank. Brazil entered the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2013 Confederations Cup with the objective of defending their title. In the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup Final, final, Brazil faced Spain, winning 3–0 and sealing their fourth Confederations Cup title. Neymar was named player of the tournament and received the Golden Ball Award and the Adidas Bronze Shoe, and Júlio César (football goalkeeper, born 1979), Júlio César won the Golden Glove Award for the best goalkeeper of the tournament.


2014 FIFA World Cup

In the 2014 FIFA World Cup#Group A, opening match of the 2014 World Cup against Croatia, two goals from Neymar and one from Oscar (footballer, born 1991), Oscar saw the ''Seleção'' off to a winning start in their first World Cup on home soil in 64 years. The team then drew with Mexico, before confirming qualification to the 2014 FIFA World Cup knockout stage, knockout stage by defeating Cameroon national football team, Cameroon 4–1 with Neymar again scoring twice, and Fred (footballer, born 1983), Fred and Fernandinho (footballer, born May 1985), Fernandinho providing further goals. Brazil faced Chile in the 2014 FIFA World Cup round of 16, round of 16, taking an 18th-minute lead through David Luiz's first goal for the ''Seleção'' in a 1–1 draw. Brazil prevailed 3–2 on penalties, with Neymar, David Luiz and Marcelo converting their kicks, and goalkeeper Júlio César saving three times. The team again faced South American opposition in the 2014 FIFA World Cup knockout stage#quarter-final, quarter-final, defeating Colombia national football team, Colombia 2–1 with goals from central defenders David Luiz and the team Captain (association football), captain Thiago Silva. Late in the match, Neymar was stretchered off after Juan Camilo Zúñiga's knee had made contact with the forward's back. Neymar was taken to hospital and was diagnosed with a Bone fracture, fractured Vertebra (anatomy), vertebra, ruling him out for the remainder of the tournament. Prior to this, Neymar had scored four goals, provided one assist, and been named man of the match twice. Brazil faced further problems ahead of their 2014 FIFA World Cup knockout stage#Semi-final, semi-final against Germany, as Thiago Silva was to serve a one-match suspension for receiving his second yellow card of the tournament in the quarter-final. The ''Seleção'' went on to lose Brazil v Germany (2014 FIFA World Cup), 1–7 to the Germans – their biggest ever defeat at the World Cup and first home loss in a competitive match since 1975. Towards the end of the match, the home crowd began to "''Olé, Olé, Olé, olé''" each pass from the German team, and Booing, booed their own players off the pitch after the final whistle. The match has been nicknamed the ''Mineirazo'', making reference to the nation's previous World Cup defeat on home soil, the Uruguay v Brazil (1950 FIFA World Cup), Maracanazo against Uruguay in 1950, and the Mineirão, Estádio do Mineirão where the match took place. Brazil finished the World Cup in fourth place, having failed to avenge their semi-final defeat to Germany by losing to the Netherlands 0–3 in the third-place match. The team ended the tournament with the worst defensive record of the 32 competing nations, having conceded 14 goals. The only other countries to concede 12 or more goals in the current World Cup format are North Korea and Saudi Arabia national football team, Saudi Arabia. Following these results, Scolari announced his resignation.


Return of Dunga (2014–2016)

On 22 July 2014, Dunga was announced as the new manager of Brazil, returning to the position for the first time since the team's exit at the 2010 World Cup. Dunga's first match in his second reign as Brazil's manager was a friendly match against 2014 World Cup quarter-finalists Colombia at Sun Life Stadium in Miami on 5 September 2014, with Brazil winning the match 1–0 through an 83rd-minute Neymar free-kick goal. Dunga followed this up with wins against Ecuador national football team, Ecuador (1–0), in the 2014 Superclásico de las Américas against Argentina (2–0), against Japan national football team, Japan (4–0), against Turkey (0–4), and against Austria (1–2). Dunga continued Brazil's winning streak in 2015 by defeating France 3–1 in another friendly. They followed this with wins against Chile national football team, Chile (1–0), Mexico (2–0) and Honduras national football team, Honduras (1–0).


=2015 Copa América

= Brazil started 2015 Copa América, the tournament with a victory against Peru national football team, Peru after coming from behind by 2–1 (with Douglas Costa scoring in the dying moments), followed by a 1–0 defeat against Colombia national football team, Colombia and a 2–1 victory against Venezuela national football team, Venezuela. In the knockout stage, Brazil faced Paraguay national football team, Paraguay and was eliminated after drawing 1–1 in normal time and losing 4–3 in the penalty shootout. As such, Brazil was unable to qualify for a FIFA Confederations Cup (in this case, the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2017 edition) for the first time in almost 20 years.


=Copa América Centenario

= Brazil began the 2016 Copa América Centenario with a scoreless draw against Ecuador national football team, Ecuador, with the Ecuadorians having a goal wrongly disallowed in the second half. This was followed by an emphatic 7–1 victory over Haiti national football team, Haiti, with Philippe Coutinho scoring a hat-trick. Needing only a draw to progress to the knockout stage of the tournament, Brazil suffered a controversial 1–0 loss to Peru national football team, Peru, with Raúl Ruidíaz scoring in the 75th minute by guiding the ball into the net with his arm. This loss, Brazil's first loss to Peru since 1985, saw Brazil eliminated from the tournament in the group stage for the first time since 1987 Copa América, 1987.


Tite era (2016–)

On 14 June 2016, Dunga was sacked as manager of Brazil. Tite (football manager), Tite, who had managed Corinthians, the 2015 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 2015 Brazilian champions and 2012 FIFA Club World Cup, 2012 Club World Cup champions, was confirmed as his replacement six days later. Tite's debut was marked with a 3–0 away victory against Ecuador national football team, Ecuador on 2 September, followed by a 2–1 win over Colombia, a 5–0 win against Bolivia and a 0–2 victory away against Venezuela, bringing Brazil to the top of the World Cup Qualifiers leaderboard for the first time since 2011. Brazil then defeated Paraguay 3–0 to become the first team, other than the hosts Russia, to qualify for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, 2018 World Cup. Brazil started their 2018 World Cup campaign with a draw against Switzerland national football team, Switzerland – Brazil's goal coming from a 25-yard bending strike from Philippe Coutinho – their first non-win in an opener since 1978 FIFA World Cup, 1978. In the following match against Costa Rica national football team, Costa Rica on 22 June, goals from Coutinho and Neymar in Association football#Duration and tie-breaking methods, stoppage time saw Brazil win 2–0. They won their final group game 2–0 over Serbia with goals from Paulinho (footballer, born July 1988), Paulinho and Thiago Silva, meaning qualification for the last 16 as group winners. On 2 July, goals from Neymar and Roberto Firmino saw Brazil 2–0 win over Mexico to advance to the quarter-finals. On 6 July, Brazil were eliminated from the 2018 World Cup by Belgium national football team, Belgium in the quarter-finals, losing 2–1, with Fernandinho (footballer, born May 1985), Fernandinho scoring an own goal for Belgium while Renato Augusto scored the only goal for Brazil. In spite of World Cup failure, the CBF continued to trust Tite and allowed him to continue his job as coach of Brazil for the 2019 Copa América held at home. However, Brazilian perpetration for the tournament at home was hampered by the injury of Neymar in a friendly match where Brazil thrashed 2019 AFC Asian Cup champions Qatar national football team, Qatar 2–0. Despite this loss, Tite managed Brazil to their first Copa América title since 2007. Brazil overcame Bolivia national football team, Bolivia despite the negative reaction from home fans after a goalless first half and Peru national football team, Peru in a celebratory 5–0 demolition. Between these matches, Brazil drew Venezuela national football team, Venezuela in a lackluster 0–0 draw with three goals ruled out by Video assistant referee, VAR. Brazil met Paraguay national football team, Paraguay in the quarter-finals where they barely escaped 4–3 in a penalty shootout after another disappointing goalless draw. In the famed semi-finals clash against neighboring rival and fellow powerhouse Argentina national football team, Argentina, Brazil put up its best performance to date, beating Lionel Messi and the Argentines 2–0 to setup a rematch with Peru. In the final, Brazil managed to defeat the Peruvians once again 3–1 to conquer their ninth Copa América title. The win for Brazil, however, was criticized by Argentina coach Lionel Scaloni, who accused CONMEBOL for VAR match-fixing and that Brazil was "designed" to win the tournament, an accusation Tite rejected.


Nicknames

The Brazil national team is known by different names in various parts of the world. Nicknames for the squad in Brazil include: ''Canarinha'', meaning 'Little Saffron Finch, Canary', a reference to a species of bird commonly found in Brazil that has a vivid yellow color; this phrase was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando "Mangabeira" Pieruccetti during the 1950 FIFA World Cup, 1950 World Cup, ''Amarelinha'' (Little Yellow One), ''Seleção'' (The National Squad), ''Verde-amarela'' (Green and Yellow), ''Pentacampeão'' (Five-time Champions), and ''Esquadrão de Ouro'' (The Golden Squad). Some Latin American commentators often refer to the Brazil team as ''El Scratch'' (The Scratch), among others.


Team image

Brazil's first team colors were white with blue collars, but following the defeat at Maracanã (stadium), Maracanã in the 1950 World Cup, the colors were criticised for lacking patriotism. With permission from the Brazilian Sports Confederation, the newspaper ''Correio da Manhã (Brazil), Correio da Manhã'' held a competition to design a new kit incorporating the four colors of the Brazilian flag. The winning design was a yellow jersey with green trim and blue shorts with the white trim drawn by Aldyr Garcia Schlee, a nineteen-year-old from Pelotas. The new colors were first used in March 1954 in a match against Chile national football team, Chile, and have been used ever since. Topper (sports), Topper were the manufacturers of Brazil's kit up to and including the match against Wales national football team, Wales on 11 September 1991; Umbro took over before the next match, versus Yugoslavia national football team, Yugoslavia in October 1991. Nike, Inc., Nike began making Brazil kits in time for the 1998 World Cup. The use of blue and white as the second kit colors owes its origins to the defunct latter day Portuguese monarchy and dates from the 1930s, but it became the permanent second choice accidentally in the 1958 FIFA World Cup Final, 1958 World Cup Final. Brazil's opponents were Sweden, who also wear yellow, and a draw gave the home team, Sweden, the right to play in yellow. Brazil, who travelled with no second kit, hurriedly purchased a set of blue shirts and sewed on them the badges taken from their yellow shirts.


Kit sponsorship


Kit deals


Venues

Brazil does not have a home national stadium like many other national teams, and rotates their home World Cup qualifying matches in various venues throughout the country, such as the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro. Since September 2006, Brazil has played many international friendlies at Arsenal F.C., Arsenal's Emirates Stadium in London, England. Brazil also plays a number of international friendlies in the United States and other parts of the world as part of the Brasil Global Tour. Brazil's training camp is the Granja Comary (CBF), Granja Comary in Teresópolis, located from Rio de Janeiro. Granja Comary was opened in 1987, and underwent significant renovations in 2013 and 2014.


Competitive record


FIFA World Cup

Brazil has qualified for every FIFA World Cup they entered, never requiring a qualifying play-off. With five titles, they have won the tournament on more occasions than any other national team. :''*Draws include knockout matches decided on Penalty shoot-out (association football), penalty kicks.''


Copa América


FIFA Confederations Cup


Olympic Games


Pan American Games


All-time head-to-head record

Below is a result summary of all matches Brazil have played against FIFA recognized teams. Updated to 17 November 2020.


Results and fixtures


2020


2021


2022


Players


Current squad

The following 23 players were called up for the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONMEBOL), 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification matches against Venezuela national football team, Venezuela and Uruguay national football team, Uruguay on 13 and 17 November 2020, respectively.
Caps and goals correct as of: 17 November 2020, after the match against Uruguay national football team, Uruguay.


Recent call-ups

The following players have been called up to the Brazil squad in the last 12 months. * INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to injury * POS Match was postponed * WIT Player withdrew from the squad due to non-injury issue


Coaching staff


Records


Most capped players

:''As of 13 October 2020'' :''Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.''


Top goalscorers

:''As of 13 October 2020'' :''Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.''


Youngest goalscorer

* Pelé (16 years and nine months)


Honours


Senior team


Titles

* FIFA World Cup: ** Winners (5): 1958 FIFA World Cup, 1958, 1962 FIFA World Cup, 1962, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1970, 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1994, 2002 FIFA World Cup, 2002 ** Runners-up (2): 1950 FIFA World Cup, 1950, 1998 FIFA World Cup, 1998 ** Third place (2): 1938 FIFA World Cup, 1938, 1978 FIFA World Cup, 1978 ** Fourth place (2): 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1974, 2014 FIFA World Cup, 2014 * Copa América, South American Championship / Copa América: ** Winners (9): 1919 South American Championship, 1919, 1922 South American Championship, 1922, 1949 South American Championship, 1949, 1989 Copa América, 1989, 1997 Copa América, 1997, 1999 Copa América, 1999, 2004 Copa América, 2004, 2007 Copa América, 2007, 2019 Copa América, 2019 ** Runners-up (11): 1921 South American Championship, 1921, 1925 South American Championship, 1925, 1937 South American Championship, 1937, 1945 South American Championship, 1945, 1946 South American Championship, 1946, 1953 South American Championship, 1953, 1957 South American Championship, 1957, 1959 South American Championship (Argentina), 1959 (Argentina), 1983 Copa América, 1983, 1991 Copa América, 1991, 1995 Copa América, 1995 ** Third place (7): 1916 South American Championship, 1916, 1917 South American Championship, 1917, 1920 South American Championship, 1920, 1942 South American Championship, 1942, 1959 South American Championship (Ecuador), 1959 (Ecuador), 1975 Copa América, 1975, 1979 Copa América, 1979 ** Fourth place (3): 1923 South American Championship, 1923, 1956 South American Championship, 1956, 1963 South American Championship, 1963 * FIFA Confederations Cup: ** Winners (4): 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup, 1997, 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2005, 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2009, 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2013 ** Runners-up: 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup, 1999 ** Fourth place: 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2001 * Panamerican Championship: ** Winners (2): Panamerican Championship 1952, 1952, Panamerican Championship 1956, 1956 ** Runners-up: Panamerican Championship 1960, 1960 * CONCACAF Gold Cup: ** Runners-up (2): 1996 CONCACAF Gold Cup, 1996, 2003 CONCACAF Gold Cup, 2003 ** Third place: 1998 CONCACAF Gold Cup, 1998


Awards

* FIFA World Rankings#Awards, FIFA Team of the Year: ** Winners (12): FIFA World Rankings, 1994, FIFA World Rankings, 1995, FIFA World Rankings, 1996, FIFA World Rankings, 1997, FIFA World Rankings, 1998, FIFA World Rankings, 1999, FIFA World Rankings, 2000, FIFA World Rankings, 2002, FIFA World Rankings, 2003, FIFA World Rankings, 2004, FIFA World Rankings, 2005, FIFA World Rankings, 2006 * World Soccer (magazine)#World Team of the Year, World Soccer Team of the Year :*Winners (2): 1982, 2002 * FIFA World Cup Fair Play Trophy: ** Winners (4): 1982 FIFA World Cup, 1982, 1986 FIFA World Cup, 1986, 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1994, 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2006 * FIFA Confederations Cup records and statistics#FIFA Fair Play Award, FIFA Confederations Cup Fair Play Trophy: ** Winners (2): 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup, 1999, 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2009 * Copa América, Copa América Fair Play Trophy: ** Winners: 2019 Copa América, 2019


Friendlies

* Brazilian Independence Cup, Taça Independência: ** Winners: 1972 * Taça do Atlântico: ** Winners (3): 1956, 1970, 1976 * 1976 U.S.A. Bicentennial Cup Tournament, U.S.A. Bicentennial Cup Tournament: ** Winners: 1976 * Rous Cup: ** Winners: Rous Cup, 1987 * Australia Bicentenary Gold Cup: ** Winners: 1988 * Umbro Cup: ** Winners: 1995 * Nelson Mandela Challenge: ** Winners: 1996 * Lunar New Year Cup: ** Winners: 2005 Lunar New Year Cup, 2005 * Roca Cup / Superclásico de las Américas: ** Winners (12): 1914, 1922, 1945, 1957, 1960, 1963, 1971, 1976, 2011 Superclásico de las Américas, 2011, 2012 Superclásico de las Américas, 2012, 2014 Superclásico de las Américas, 2014, 2018 Superclásico de las Américas, 2018 * Copa Río Branco: ** Winners (7): 1931, 1932, 1947, 1950, 1967, 1968, 1976 * Taça Oswaldo Cruz: ** Winners (8): 1950, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1968, 1976


Olympic and Pan American Team

* Football at the Summer Olympics, Summer Olympics:Since 1992, squads for Football at the Summer Olympics have been restricted to three players over the age of 23. The achievements of such teams are not usually included in the statistics of the international team. **Gold Medalists: Football at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Men's tournament, 2016 **Silver Medalists (3): Football at the 1984 Summer Olympics, 1984, Football at the 1988 Summer Olympics, 1988, Football at the 2012 Summer Olympics, 2012 ** Bronze Medalists (2): Football at the 1996 Summer Olympics, 1996, Football at the 2008 Summer Olympics, 2008 ** Fourth place: Football at the 1976 Summer Olympics, 1976 * Football at the Pan American Games, Pan American Games: ** Gold Medalists (4): Football at the 1963 Pan American Games, 1963, Football at the 1975 Pan American Games, 1975 (shared), Football at the 1979 Pan American Games, 1979, Football at the 1987 Pan American Games, 1987 ** Silver Medalists (3): Football at the 1959 Pan American Games, 1959, Football at the 1983 Pan American Games, 1983, Football at the 2003 Pan American Games – Men's tournament, 2003 ** Bronze Medalists: Football at the 2015 Pan American Games, 2015 * CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament: ** Winners (7): 1968 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 1968, 1971 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 1971, 1976 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 1976, 1984 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 1984, 1987 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 1987, 1996 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 1996, 2000 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 2000 ** Runners-up (2): 1964 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 1964, 2020 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 2020 ** Third place (2): Football at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's qualification#Americas, 1960, 2004 CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament, 2004


See also

* Argentina–Brazil football rivalry * Brazil national football team results (2010–19) * Brazil national under-23 football team * Brazil national under-20 football team * Brazil national under-17 football team * Brazil national futsal team * Brazilian football songs * List of Brazil national football team managers


References


Notes

1.East Germany won the Olympics in 1976, but the current Germany national team hasn't inherited their Olympic record.


Citations


Sources

* *


External links


Confederação Brasileira de Futebol



Brazilian Football – Guide to Football in Brazil

RSSSF Brazil

All about Brazilian Football – Sambafoot.com
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