The manor of Bramall dates from the Anglo-Saxon period, when it was held as two separate estates by two Saxon freemen, Brun and Hacun. In 1070, William the Conqueror subdued the north-west of England, and divided the land among his followers. The manor of "Bramale" was given to Hamon de Massey, who eventually became the first Baron of Dunham Massey. The earliest reference to Bramall was recorded in the Domesday Book as "Bramale", a name derived from the Old English words brom meaning broom, both indigenous to the area, and halh meaning nook or secret place, probably by water. De Masci received the manor as wasteland, since it had been devastated by William the Conqueror's subdual. By the time of the Domesday survey, the land was recovering and cultivated again.
In 1875 Bramhall was one of eight civil parishes of Cheshire to be included in the Stockport Rural rural sanitary district. The sanitary district became the Stockport Rural District in 1894. The parish was abolished in 1900 and its former area became part of the Hazel Grove and Bramhall civil parish and urban district. In 1974 the district was abolished, under the Local Government Act 1972, and its former area was transferred to Greater Manchester to be combined with that of other districts to form the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport.
Bramall Hall, situated in 26 hectares (64 acres) of parkland, is an example of a 14th-century Cheshire building. In 2016 an extensive programme of restoration work was completed by a dedicated team. The Ladybrook flows through the park towards Cheadle and Bramall Hall.
The war memorial commemorates the deaths of 89 men killed in the two world wars.
The Church of England parish church of St Michael and All Angels in Robins Lane was consecrated in 1911 when Bramhall Parish was created, although the building was not completed until 1963. It replaced an earlier mission church opened in 1890.
Other churches in Bramhall include the Methodist Church near the centre of the village, the United Reformed Church located on Bramhall Lane South, the Baptist Church located on Woodford Road, the Catholic Church of St. Vincent de Paul on Handley Road and Ford's Lane Evangelical Church.
There is a recreation centre linked with the High School. Bramhall has a Cricket Club, close to the Cheshire border to the south of the village. There are three lawn tennis clubs (LTC), Bramhall Queensgate LTC, to the north, Bramhall Lane LTC, close to the village, and Bramhall Park LTC, close to the park. There are also two golf clubs in Bramhall, each with 18-hole courses: Bramhall Golf Club and Bramall Park Golf Club.
Bramhall railway station is on the main line from Manchester to London via Macclesfield and Stoke-on-Trent. Local stopping trains stop every hour during week days on their way to/from Manchester Piccadilly and Stoke-on-Trent. Buses link Bramhall to Manchester (42B), Stockport (378), Cheadle Hulme (42B,307/8), Woodford (42B), Parrs Wood (42B) and Hazel Grove (307/8).
Bramhall has a number of bars, restaurants, cafes, clothes shops, hairdressers, beauty salons, charity shops, churches and a library. Many of these are housed in the village square, although some shops are in and around the main roads. There is also a recreation centre, a high school and several primary schools.
The sixties and early seventies saw a rapid growth in housing stock, and Bramhall became dominated by housing estates: The Parkside and the New House Farm estates are in the north of Bramhall, The Dairyground estate is the centre of the estate, it has a co-operative, some flats and a care home. The estate is served by Stagecoach Manchester and is in close proximity to Bramhall railway station. Bramhall High School is situated on the estate. The Dairyground estate is part of the Bramhall North Ward.
The Little Australia Estate (so called as all the roads are named after towns in Australia) is bordered by the West Coast Main Line to the north, the Bramhall oil terminal to the east, Bramhall village centre to the west and Moorend Golf Club to the south. The largest road on the estate is Meadway, which starts in Bramhall shopping centre and runs through the heart of the estate for its entire length. Meadway has a number of shops, care homes and two large car parking facilities which are served by multiple CCTV cameras. There is also a recycling centre situated on the Meadway East Car Park. Lumb Lane park is located on the estate and consists of two football pitches, a small children's playground and a caged football/basketball court. Bramhall Village Hall is located on Lumb Lane. Greater Manchester Police once tried out a Section 30 Dispersal Order on the estate and Bramhall shopping centre to combat anti-social behaviour, particularly in the Lumb Lane/Meadway areas. Queensgate Primary School is located on Albany Road. The Little Australia Estate is part of the Bramhall South Ward.
The New House Farm Estate is to the north of Bramhall and extends into Hazel Grove after crossing the Fred Perry Way. It is home to a Co-operative and a pub, the Shady Oak. The main roads through the estate are Grange Road, which links to Bramhall Lane South, and the Ringmore Road. The estate is served by the 374 bus route between Hazel Grove Station and Reddish. The New House Farm contains a section of the Fred Perry Way joining the estate from Bridge Lane and exiting up into Woodsmoor. The estate is part of the Bramhall North Ward.
There are several primary schools, including Ladybrook Primary School, Nevill Road, Pownall Green, Queensgate and Moss Hey. Bramhall High School is the local secondary school.
Notable local residents have included: