HOME
The Info List - Bjelovar


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

BJELOVAR (Hungarian : Belovár, German : Bellowar, Kajkavian : Belovar) is a city in central Croatia
Croatia
. It is the administrative centre of Bjelovar-Bilogora County . At the 2011 census, there were 40,276 inhabitants, of whom 91.25% were Croats
Croats
.

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was first mentioned in 1413 and only gained importance when a new fort was built there in 1756, at the command of the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
. The initial role of the city was to defend central Croatia
Croatia
against the Ottoman invasions. The town had to wait until the end of these wars to be pronounced a free royal town by ban Ivan Mažuranić in 1874.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Demographics * 3 Geography * 4 Culture * 5 Sport

* 6 International relations

* 6.1 Twin towns and sister cities

* 7 Notable natives and residents * 8 See also

* 9 References

* 9.1 Notes * 9.2 Bibliography

* 10 External links

HISTORY

The oldest Neolithic
Neolithic
location in this area is in Ždralovi , a suburb of Bjelovar, where, while building a basement for the house of Josip Horvatić, a dugout was found and identified as belonging to the Starčevo culture (5000 – 4300 BC). Finds from Ždralovi belong to a regional subtype of a late variant of the Neolithic
Neolithic
culture. It is designated the Ždralovi facies of the Starčevo culture, or the final-stage Starčevo. There are also relics of the Korenovo culture , Sopot culture , Lasinja culture , and the Vučedol culture .

After the drop of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
domination, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
(named BELLOWAR before 1850 ) was part of the Austrian monarchy
Austrian monarchy
(Kingdom of Croatia- Slavonia
Slavonia
after the compromise of 1867 ), in the Croatian Military Frontier , WARASDIN-KREUTZER Regiment N°V until 1881.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was the seat of the Bjelovar-Križevci County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia .

From 1929 to 1939, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was part of the Sava Banovina and from 1939 to 1941 of the Banovina of Croatia
Croatia
within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia .

DEMOGRAPHICS

Population by settlement:

* BJELOVAR, population 27,024 * Breza , population 102 * Brezovac , population 1,080 * Ciglena , population 340 * Galovac , population 457 * Gornje Plavnice , population 687 * Gornji Tomaš , population 94 * Gudovac , population 1,095 * Klokočevac , population 828 * Kokinac , population 197 * Kupinovac , population 144 * Letičani , population 349 * Mala Ciglena , population 17 * Malo Korenovo , population 196 * Novi Pavljani , population 150 * Novoseljani , population 708 * Obrovnica , population 185 * Patkovac , population 257 * Prespa , population 511 * Prgomelje , population 696 * Prokljuvani , population 251 * Puričani , population 136 * Rajić , population 214 * Stančići , population 91 * Stare Plavnice , population 673 * Stari Pavljani , population 241 * Tomaš , population 241 * Trojstveni Markovac , population 1,301 * Veliko Korenovo , population 534 * Zvijerci , population 54 * Ždralovi , population 1,423

Population by ethnicity YEAR TOTAL CROATS SERBS YUGOSLAVS OTHERS

1991 66,039 53,113 (80.42%) 5,898 (8.93%) 2,631 (3.98%) 4,397 (6.65%)

1981 66,553 48,819 (73.35%) 5,897 (8.86%) 9,249 (13.89%) 2,588 (3.88%)

1971 65,824 52,580 (79.87%) 8,689 (13.20%) 1,726 (2.62%) 2,829 (4.29%)

GEOGRAPHY

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
agricultural fair "Return of the Pannonian whales" fountain

The city of Bjelovar
Bjelovar
stands on a plateau in the southern part of Bilogora (north-west Croatia), 135 metres above sea level . It is the capital of the Bjelovar- Bilogora county, and the natural, cultural and political centre of the area.

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is at an intersection of roads in this area: the D28 intersects with the D43 , and it lies on the road between Zagreb
Zagreb
and west Slavonia
Slavonia
, Podravina
Podravina
and Osijek
Osijek
. Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is currently being connected by dual carriageway with Zagreb.

The city of Bjelovar
Bjelovar
has an area of 191.9 km2 (74.1 sq mi), and administratively it includes 31 other areas. North-east of Bjelovar there is a long, low elevation called Bilogora, with an average height of 150–200 m (highest point: Rajčevica, 309 m). The geology of the area consists of Pliocene
Pliocene
sandy marl and sandstones with lesser layers of lignite . Older rocks do not appear on the surface in this area. In deep boreholes there are crystalline rocks.

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
has a temperate continental climate . Winters are moderately cold and summers are warm. Precipitation of about 900 mm (35 in) per year is normal. The prevailing wind during winter is northerly, with easterlies becoming stronger in spring, when it may be quite cold, often blowing for a several days consecutively. In summer the wind is southerly; it is warm and more humid. The mean yearly temperature in Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is about 12 °C (54 °F).

CULTURE

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
contains three war memorials. The Barutana memorial area is dedicated to those who died defending the city on September 29, 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence . The Lug memorial area is dedicated to Ustashi soldiers killed by Partisans in 1945, and the Borik memorial area is dedicated to Partisans killed during the Second World War.

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
hosts the yearly "BOK" (Bjelovarski odjeci kazališta or Bjelovar
Bjelovar
Echoes of Theatre) theatre festival. It was founded and is run by Bjelovar
Bjelovar
actor Goran Navojec, and it hosts a selection of the best plays performed in Croatia
Croatia
during previous year.

SPORT

In the 1970s, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was known as the handball capital of Europe, when its local squad RK Bjelovar (under the name Partizan) dominated Croatian, Yugoslav, and European handball. The team came solely from Bjelovar
Bjelovar
and its environs.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia
Croatia

TWIN TOWNS AND SISTER CITIES

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is twinned with:

* – Imotski , Croatia
Croatia
* – Novalja
Novalja
, Croatia
Croatia
* – Pakrac , Croatia
Croatia
* – Rubiera , Italy
Italy
* – Visoko , Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina

NOTABLE NATIVES AND RESIDENTS

* Đurđa Adlešič , Croatian politician *