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Bjelovar
Bjelovar
(Hungarian: Belovár, German: Bellowar, Kajkavian: Belovar) is a city in central Croatia. It is the administrative centre of Bjelovar- Bilogora
Bilogora
County. At the 2011 census, there were 40,276 inhabitants, of whom 91.25% were Croats.[1] Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was first mentioned in 1413 and only gained importance when a new fort was built there in 1756, at the command of the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa. The initial role of the city was to defend central Croatia
Croatia
against the Ottoman invasions. The town had to wait until the end of these wars to be pronounced a free royal town by ban Ivan Mažuranić in 1874.

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Geography 4 Culture 5 Sport 6 International relations

6.1 Twin towns and sister cities

7 Notable natives and residents 8 See also 9 References

9.1 Notes 9.2 Bibliography

10 External links

History[edit] The oldest Neolithic
Neolithic
location in this area is in Ždralovi, a suburb of Bjelovar, where, while building a basement for the house of Josip Horvatić, a dugout was found and identified as belonging to the Starčevo culture
Starčevo culture
(5000 – 4300 BC).[2][3][4] Finds from Ždralovi belong to a regional subtype of a late variant of the Neolithic
Neolithic
culture. It is designated the Ždralovi facies of the Starčevo culture, or the final-stage Starčevo. There are also relics of the Korenovo culture, Sopot culture, Lasinja culture, and the Vučedol culture.[5] After the drop of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
domination, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
(named BELLOWAR before 1850[6] ) was part of the Austrian monarchy
Austrian monarchy
(Kingdom of Croatia- Slavonia
Slavonia
after the compromise of 1867), in the Croatian Military Frontier, WARASDIN-KREUTZER Regiment N°V until 1881. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was the seat of the Bjelovar-Križevci County
Bjelovar-Križevci County
of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. From 1929 to 1939, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was part of the Sava Banovina
Sava Banovina
and from 1939 to 1941 of the Banovina of Croatia
Croatia
within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Demographics[edit] Population by settlement:[7]

Bjelovar, population 27,024 Breza, population 102 Brezovac, population 1,080 Ciglena, population 340 Galovac, population 457 Gornje Plavnice, population 687 Gornji Tomaš, population 94 Gudovac, population 1,095 Klokočevac, population 828 Kokinac, population 197 Kupinovac, population 144 Letičani, population 349 Mala Ciglena, population 17 Malo Korenovo, population 196 Novi Pavljani, population 150 Novoseljani, population 708 Obrovnica, population 185 Patkovac, population 257 Prespa, population 511 Prgomelje, population 696 Prokljuvani, population 251 Puričani, population 136 Rajić, population 214 Stančići, population 91 Stare Plavnice, population 673 Stari Pavljani, population 241 Tomaš, population 241 Trojstveni Markovac, population 1,301 Veliko Korenovo, population 534 Zvijerci, population 54 Ždralovi, population 1,423

Population by ethnicity[citation needed]

year total Croats Serbs Yugoslavs others

1991 66,039 53,113 (80.42%) 5,898 (8.93%) 2,631 (3.98%) 4,397 (6.65%)

1981 66,553 48,819 (73.35%) 5,897 (8.86%) 9,249 (13.89%) 2,588 (3.88%)

1971 65,824 52,580 (79.87%) 8,689 (13.20%) 1,726 (2.62%) 2,829 (4.29%)

Geography[edit]

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
agricultural fair

"Return of the Pannonian whales" fountain

The city of Bjelovar
Bjelovar
stands on a plateau in the southern part of Bilogora
Bilogora
(north-west Croatia), 135 metres above sea level. It is the capital of the Bjelovar- Bilogora
Bilogora
county, and the natural, cultural and political centre of the area. Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is at an intersection of roads in this area: the D28 intersects with the D43, and it lies on the road between Zagreb
Zagreb
and west Slavonia, Podravina
Podravina
and Osijek. Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is currently being connected by dual carriageway with Zagreb. The city of Bjelovar
Bjelovar
has an area of 191.9 km2 (74.1 sq mi), and administratively it includes 31 other areas. North-east of Bjelovar
Bjelovar
there is a long, low elevation called Bilogora, with an average height of 150–200 m (highest point: Rajčevica, 309 m). The geology of the area consists of Pliocene
Pliocene
sandy marl and sandstones with lesser layers of lignite. Older rocks do not appear on the surface in this area. In deep boreholes there are crystalline rocks. Bjelovar
Bjelovar
has a temperate continental climate. Winters are moderately cold and summers are warm. Precipitation of about 900 mm (35 in) per year is normal. The prevailing wind during winter is northerly, with easterlies becoming stronger in spring, when it may be quite cold, often blowing for a several days consecutively. In summer the wind is southerly; it is warm and more humid. The mean yearly temperature in Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is about 12 °C (54 °F). Culture[edit] Bjelovar
Bjelovar
contains three war memorials. The Barutana memorial area is dedicated to those who died defending the city on September 29, 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence. The Lug memorial area is dedicated to Ustashi
Ustashi
soldiers killed by Partisans in 1945, and the Borik memorial area is dedicated to Partisans killed during the Second World War. Bjelovar
Bjelovar
hosts the yearly "BOK" (Bjelovarski odjeci kazališta or Bjelovar
Bjelovar
Echoes of Theatre) theatre festival. It was founded and is run by Bjelovar
Bjelovar
actor Goran Navojec, and it hosts a selection of the best plays performed in Croatia
Croatia
during previous year. Sport[edit] In the 1970s, Bjelovar
Bjelovar
was known as the handball capital of Europe, when its local squad RK Bjelovar
RK Bjelovar
(under the name Partizan) dominated Croatian, Yugoslav, and European handball. The team came solely from Bjelovar
Bjelovar
and its environs. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Bjelovar
Bjelovar
is twinned with:

– Imotski, Croatia – Novalja, Croatia – Pakrac, Croatia – Rubiera, Italy – Visoko, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Đurđa Adlešič, Croatian politician Momčilo Bajagić, Serbian rock musician Bogdan Diklić, Serbian actor Petar Gorša, Croatian sports shooter Mario Petreković, Croatian comedian and actor Lavoslav Singer, Croatian industrialist Ognjen Vukojević, Croatian footballer Dragutin Wolf, Croatian industrialist Sonja Kovač, Croatian actress, model and singer

See also[edit]

Roman Catholic Diocese of Bjelovar-Križevci NK Bjelovar RK Bjelovar

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Bjelovar-Bilogora". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.  ^ Jakovljević, G. Arheološka topografija Bilogore, Bjelovarski zbornik ‘89, Bjelovar, 1989, pp 108–119 ^ Dimitrijević, S. Das Neolithikum in Syrmien, Slawonien und Nordwestkroatien — Einführung in den Stander Forschung, Archeologica Iugoslavica X, Belgrade, 1969, p 39-76 (45, 47) ^ Dimitrijević, S. Sjeverna zona — Neolitik u centralnom i zapadnom dijelu sjeverne Jugoslavije, Praistorija jugoslavenskih zemalja II, Sarajevo, 1979, pp 229–360 (252–253) ^ Jakovljević, G. Povijest naseljenosti bjelovarskog kraja do osnutka grada ; in: Slukan Altić, M. Povijesni atlasi gradova : I. vol. Bjelovar, Croatian State Archives and the State Archives in Bjelovar, 2003, pp 11–19 ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Bjelovar". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Cresswell, Peterjon; Atkins, Ismay; Dunn, Lily (10 July 2006). Time Out Croatia
Croatia
(First ed.). London, Berkeley & Toronto: Time Out Group Ltd & Ebury Publishing, Random House Ltd. 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London SV1V 2SA. ISBN 978-1-904978-70-1. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bjelovar.

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
official site Virtual tour around Bjelovar

v t e

County seats of Croatia

   

Bjelovar, Bjelovar-Bilogora Slavonski Brod, Brod-Posavina Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik-Neretva Pazin, Istria

Karlovac, Karlovac Koprivnica, Koprivnica-Križevci Krapina, Krapina-Zagorje Gospić, Lika-Senj

Čakovec, Međimurje Osijek, Osijek-Baranja Požega, Požega-Slavonia Rijeka, Primorje-Gorski Kotar

Sisak, Sisak-Moslavina Split, Split-Dalmatia Šibenik, Šibenik-Knin Varaždin, Varaždin

Virovitica, Virovitica-Podravina Vukovar, Vukovar-Srijem Zadar, Zadar Zagreb, Zagreb

v t e

Cities and towns of Croatia
Croatia
by population

100,000+

Osijek Rijeka Split Zagreb

35,000+

Bjelovar Dubrovnik Karlovac Kaštela Pula Samobor Šibenik Sisak Slavonski Brod Varaždin Velika Gorica Vinkovci Zadar

10,000+

Beli Manastir Belišće Benkovac Čakovec Crikvenica Đakovo Daruvar Donji Miholjac Duga Resa Dugo Selo Garešnica Gospić Imotski Ivanec Ivanić-Grad Jastrebarsko Kastav Knin Koprivnica Krapina Križevci Kutina Labin Makarska Metković Našice Nova Gradiška Novi Marof Novska Ogulin Omiš Opatija Petrinja Pleternica Ploče Popovača Poreč Požega Rovinj Sinj Slatina Solin Sveta Nedelja Sveti Ivan Zelina Trogir Umag Valpovo Virovitica Vrbovec Vukovar Zaprešić Županja

v t e

Subdivisions of Bjelovar- Bilogora
Bilogora
County

Cities and towns

Bjelovar
Bjelovar
(seat) Čazma Daruvar Garešnica Grubišno Polje

Municipalities

Berek Dežanovac Đulovac Hercegovac Ivanska Kapela Končanica Nova Rača Rovišće Severin Sirač Šandrovac Štefanje Velika Pisanica Velika Trnovitica Veliki Grđevac Veliko Trojstvo Zrinski Topolovac

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 249383

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