In most common law jurisdictions, the attorney general (sometimes
abbreviated as AG) or attorney-general (plural: attorneys general
(traditional) or attorney generals) is the main legal advisor
to the government, and in some jurisdictions, they may also have
executive responsibility for law enforcement, prosecutions or even
responsibility for legal affairs generally. In practice, the extent to
which the attorney-general personally provides legal advice to the
government varies between jurisdictions, and even between individual
office-holders within the same jurisdiction, often depending on the
level and nature of the office-holder's prior legal experience.
Where the attorney-general has ministerial responsibility for legal
affairs in general (as is the case, for example, with the United
States Attorney General or the Attorney-General for Australia, and the
respective attorneys-general of the states in each country), the
ministerial portfolio is largely equivalent to that of a Minister of
Justice in some other countries.
The term was originally used to refer to any person who holds a
general power of attorney to represent a principal in all matters. In
the common law tradition, anyone who represents the state, especially
in criminal prosecutions, is such an attorney. Although a government
may designate some official as the permanent attorney general, anyone
who came to represent the state in the same way could, in the past, be
referred to as such, even if only for a particular case. Today,
however, in most jurisdictions, the term is largely reserved as a
title of the permanently appointed attorney general of the state,
sovereign or other member of the royal family.
Civil law jurisdictions have similar offices, which may be variously
called "public prosecutor general", "procurators", "advocates
general", "public attorneys", and other titles. Many of these offices
also use "attorney general" or "attorney-general" as the English
translation of the title, although because of different historical
provenance, the nature of such offices is usually different from that
of attorneys-general in common law jurisdictions.
2 Attorneys-general in common law and hybrid jurisdictions
2.6 Hong Kong
2.9 Isle of Man
2.19 New Zealand
2.24 Sri Lanka
2.26 Trinidad & Tobago
2.27 United Kingdom
2.27.1 England and Wales
2.27.2 Northern Ireland
2.27.5 Other attorneys-general in the UK
2.28 United States
3 Similar offices in non-common law jurisdictions
3.4 Dominican Republic
3.14 Soviet Union
5 External links
In regard to the etymology of the phrase attorney general, Steven
Pinker writes that the earliest citation in the Oxford English
Dictionary is from 1292: "Tous attorneyz general purrount lever fins
et cirrographer" (All general attorneys may levy fines and make legal
documents). The phrase was borrowed from Anglo-Norman French when
England was ruled by
Normans after the conquest of England in the
11th-century. As a variety of French, which was spoken in the law
courts, schools, universities and in sections of the gentry and the
bourgeoisie, the term relating to government got introduced into
English. The phrase attorney general is composed of a noun followed by
the postpositive adjective general and as other French compounds its
plural form also appears as "attorneys generals". As compared to
major generals, a term that also originates from French
("major-général") and also has a postpositive adjective, it also
appears as "attorney generals".
Steven Pinker writes: "So if you are
ever challenged for saying attorney-generals, mother-in-laws,
passerbys ... you can reply, "They are the very model of the modern
Attorneys-general in common law and hybrid jurisdictions
Attorneys-general in common law jurisdictions, and jurisdictions with
a legal system which is partially derived from the common law
tradition, share a common provenance.
Main article: Attorney-General for Australia
In Australia, the Attorney-General is the chief law officer of the
Crown and a member of the Cabinet. The Attorney-General is the
minister responsible for legal affairs, national and public security,
and the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation. Christian
Porter is the current Attorney-General. The Australian states each
have separate attorneys-general, who are state ministers with similar
responsibilities to the federal minister with respect to state law.
Functions of the state and federal attorneys-general include the
administration of the selection of persons for nomination to judicial
posts, and authorizing prosecutions. In normal circumstances, the
prosecutorial powers of the Attorney-General are exercised by the
Director of Public Prosecutions and staff; however, the
Attorney-General maintains formal control, including the power to
initiate and terminate public prosecutions and take over private
prosecutions. Statutory criminal law provides that prosecutions for
certain offences require the individual consent of the
Attorney-General. This is generally for offences whose illegality is
of a somewhat controversial nature or where there is perceived to be a
significant risk that prosecutions of a political nature may be
embarked upon. The Attorney-General also generally has the power to
issue certificates legally conclusive of certain facts (e.g., that the
revelation of certain matters in court proceedings might constitute a
risk to national security); the facts stated in such certificates must
be accepted by the courts and cannot legally be disputed by any
parties. The Attorney-General also has the power to issue a nolle
prosequi with respect to a case, which authoritatively determines that
the state (in whose name prosecutions are brought) does not wish to
prosecute the case, so preventing any person from doing so.
For the Attorneys-General of the various states and territories of
Attorney-General of the Australian Capital Territory
Attorney-General of New South Wales
Attorney-General of the Northern Territory
Attorney-General of Queensland
Attorney-General of South Australia
Attorney-General of Tasmania
Attorney-General of Victoria
Attorney-General of Western Australia
Main article: Attorney-General of Bangladesh
Main article: Attorney-General of Barbados
Canadian Minister of Justice
Canadian Minister of Justice and Canadian Minister of
Attorney General of Canada
Attorney General of Canada (French: Procureur général du Canada)
is a separate title held by the
Canadian Minister of Justice
Canadian Minister of Justice (Ministre
de la Justice), a member of the Cabinet. The Minister of Justice is
concerned with questions of policy and their relationship to the
justice system. In their role as attorney general, they are the chief
law officer of the Crown.
A separate cabinet position, the Minister of Public Safety (Ministre
de la Sécurité publique), formerly the "Solicitor General",
administers the law enforcement agencies (police, prisons, and
security) of the federal government.
For the Attorneys-General of the various provinces of Canada see:
Alberta Minister of Justice and Attorney General
Attorney-General of British Columbia
Minister of Justice and Attorney General (Manitoba)
Office of the Attorney General (New Brunswick)
Minister of Justice and Public Safety and Attorney General of
Newfoundland and Labrador
Minister of Justice of the Northwest Territories
Attorney General and Minister of Justice of Nova Scotia
Minister of Justice of Nunavut
Attorney General of Ontario
Minister of Justice and Public Safety and Attorney General of Prince
Ministry of Justice (Quebec) (also as Attorney General)
Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Saskatchewan
Minister of Justice
Main article: Attorney-General (Fiji)
In Fiji, the role of the Attorney General is defined as "providing
essential legal expertise and support to the Government". More
specific functions include "legislative drafting", "legal aid", "the
prerogative of mercy" (advising the President), "liquor licensing" and
The current Attorney General is Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum. In January 2008,
he sparked controversy by accepting other government positions in
addition to his role as Attorney General. Sayed-Khaiyum is currently
responsible also for "Public Enterprise, Electoral Reform and
Anti-Corruption". An article in the
Fiji Times pointed out that "never
before in the history of this nation has the Attorney-General held a
portfolio dealing with matters other than the law and the judiciary",
and criticised the decision.
Main article: Secretary for Justice (Hong Kong)
The Secretary for Justice, known as the Attorney-General before the
Transfer of the Sovereignty in 1997, is the legal adviser to the Hong
Government and heads the Department of Justice. They are assisted
by five law officers, namely:
the Solicitor General who heads the Legal Policy Division,
Director of Public Prosecutions who head the Prosecutions
Law Officer (Civil Law) who heads the Civil
Law Officer (International Law) who heads the International Law
Law Draftsman who heads the
Law Drafting Division
(The Administration and Development Division is headed by an
Crimes and offences are prosecuted at the suit of the Secretary of
The Secretary of Justice, appointed by the Chinese government on the
advice of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, is an ex officio member of
the Executive Council of Hong Kong. The position is normally held by a
legal professional, and was, before July 2002, a civil service
Main article: Attorney General of India
The Mission of the Office of the Attorney General is to provide the
highest standard of professional legal services to Government,
Departments and Offices.
Attorney General of Ireland is the legal adviser to the Government
and is therefore the chief law officer of the State. The Office of the
Attorney General, is made up of a number of different offices:
The Attorney General's Office (located at Merrion Street, Dublin 2)
containing the Advisory Counsel to the Attorney General
The Office of
Parliamentary Counsel to the
Government (also located at
Merrion Street, Dublin 2) containing the
Parliamentary Counsel who
draft legislation and have responsibilities in the area of Statute Law
The Chief State Solicitor's Office (CSSO) (located at Little Ship
Street, Dublin 8) containing the solicitors representing the Attorney
and the State
Since the enactment of the Prosecution of Offenses Act 1974 the
responsibility for the prosecution of indictable criminal offences is
mostly in the hands of the
Director of Public Prosecutions who is by
law independent of the Attorney General and the State. The current
attorney general is Séamus Woulfe, SC.
Isle of Man
In the Isle of Man, the Attorney General is a Crown appointment
(appointed by the UK government) and sits in the Legislative Council
of the Isle of Man, 'ex officio'.
Main article: Attorney General of Israel
Attorney General of Israel
Attorney General of Israel is the head of the public prosecution
from the state, the person who advises the government in legal
matters, the person who represents the state's authorities in the
courts, and advises in preparation of law memoranda of the government
in general and the Justice Minister in particular (likewise he
examines and advises for private proposals for a law of Knesset
This is a position which existed in Jamaica for a long time.
The Hon. Marlene Malahoo Forte, QC, MP is the new Attorney General of
Jamaica as of March 7, 2016.
Main article: Attorney General of Kenya
Kenya the Attorney General is the Principal Legal Adviser to the
Government and ex officio
Member of Parliament and Cabinet. His duties
include the formulation of legal policy and ensuring proper
administration of Kenya's legal system including professional legal
education. Assisting the Attorney General in the performance of his
duties as Principal Legal Adviser to the
Senior Deputy Solicitor General
Director of Public Prosecutions
Chairman of Advocates Complaints Commission
Chief Parliamentary Counsel
Chief State Counsel
In Kiribati, the Attorney General is defined by section 42 of the
Constitution as "the principal legal adviser to the Government". The
Constitution specifies: "No person shall be qualified to hold or to
act in the office of Attorney-General unless he is qualified to
Kiribati as an advocate in the High Court." The current
Attorney General, as of 2016, is the
Honourable Tetiro Semilota.
Main article: Attorney General of Malaysia
Malaysia the Attorney-General or Peguam Negara (as he is referred
to in Bahasa Malaysia) is the principal legal adviser to the
Government. He is also the principal public prosecutor in the country,
and is also known as the Public Prosecutor. He has the power,
exercisable at his discretion, to institute, conduct or discontinue
any proceedings for an offence, other than proceedings before a
Syariah court, a native court or a court-martial. The current
Attorney-General is Mohamed Apandi Ali.
Main article: Attorney General of the Maldives
In Mauritius, the Attorney-General, who should be a barrister, is the
principal legal adviser to the government and holds the office of a
The Attorney-General's Office is also responsible for the drafting of
legislation, and vetting of all contracts or agreements of which the
government is a party, including international agreements, treaties or
Main article: Attorney General of Myanmar
In Nepal, the Attorney General is the chief legal adviser of
Nepal as well as its chief public prosecutor. An
Attorney General is appointed by the President on the recommendation
of Prime Minister. The Attorney General's Office is a constitutional
body under the Constitution of
Nepal (2072). For a person to be
eligible for the post of Attorney General, they also has to be
qualified to be appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court.
Main article: Attorney-General (New Zealand)
In New Zealand, the Attorney-General is the chief law officer and
primary legal advisor of the
New Zealand government. Historically, the
post could be held either by a politician or by a senior jurist, but
today, it is invariably held by a member of Parliament. The
Attorney-General attends Cabinet, but the post is not the same as the
Minister of Justice. The Attorney-General has departmental
responsibility for the Crown
Law Office, the Parliamentary Counsel
Office, and the Serious Fraud Office. By tradition, persons appointed
to the position of Attorney-General have almost invariably been
lawyers. Only two former Attorneys-General have not been lawyers, most
recently Dr Michael Cullen who held the post in 2005, and again from
2006. Cullen's appointment was controversial at the time because of
his non-legal background.
Main article: Attorney-General of Pakistan
Attorney-General of Pakistan
Attorney-General of Pakistan is the legal adviser to the
government of the
Pakistan and its public prosecutor.
Main article: Office of the Solicitor General (Philippines)
The Attorney General of the Philippines was an office that existed
from 1901 until 1932, when the office was abolished and its functions
taken over by the Secretary of Justice. Since then, the Solicitor
General of the Philippines, previously the second law officer, has
been the principal law officer and legal defender of the Philippine
Government. The Office of the Solicitor General is the law firm of the
Republic of the Philippines. It is tasked with representing the
Philippines, the Philippine Government, and all its officials in any
litigation or matter requiring the services of a lawyer especially
before appellate courts. It is an independent and autonomous
office attached to the Department of Justice for budgetary
In Samoa, the Attorney General is the legal adviser to the government.
The current[update] Attorney General is Aumua Ming Leung Wai.
Main article: Attorney-General of Singapore
Attorney-General of Singapore is the legal adviser to the
government of the
Republic of Singapore
Republic of Singapore and its public prosecutor. The
current Attorney-General is Lucien Wong.
Attorney-General of Sri Lanka
Attorney-General of Sri Lanka is the chief legal adviser of the
Government of Sri Lanka and head of the Attorney-General department
which is the public prosecutor.
Main article: Attorney General (Tonga)
The office of Attorney General was established in
Tonga in 1988, and
was held jointly with the portfolio of Justice Minister until the two
were separated in 2009. The Attorney General is defined as the
"Chief Legal Advisor to Government".
Trinidad & Tobago
Main article: Attorney-General of Trinidad and Tobago
According to the Constitution of Trinidad and Tobago, the supreme law
of the nation, The Attorney General shall be responsible for the
administration of legal affairs in Trinidad and Tobago and legal
proceedings for and against the State shall be taken— (a) in the
case of civil proceedings, in the name of the Attorney General; (b) in
the case of criminal proceedings, in the name of the State.
Law Officers of the Crown
England and Wales
Law Officers of the Crown in England and Wales
Attorney General for England and Wales
Attorney General for England and Wales is similarly the chief law
officer of the Crown in England and Wales, and advises and represents
the Crown and government departments in court. In practice, the
Treasury Solicitor (who also has the title of Procurator General)
normally provides the lawyers or briefs Treasury Counsel to appear in
court, although the Attorney General may appear in person. The person
appointed to this role provides legal advice to the Government, acts
as the representative of the public interest and resolves issues
between government departments.
The Attorney General has supervisory powers over the prosecution of
criminal offences, but is not personally involved with prosecutions;
however, some prosecutions (e.g. riot) cannot be commenced without
their consent, and they have the power to halt prosecutions generally.
Criminal prosecutions are the responsibility of the Crown Prosecution
Service, headed by the Director of Public Prosecutions. The Attorney
General may appeal cases to the higher courts where, although the
particular case is settled, there may be a point of law of public
importance at issue.
The Attorney General's deputy is the Solicitor General for England and
Law Officers of the Crown in Northern Ireland
Since the prorogation of the
Parliament of Northern Ireland
Parliament of Northern Ireland in 1972,
Attorney General for England and Wales
Attorney General for England and Wales was also Attorney General
for Northern Ireland. The separate office of Attorney General for
Northern Ireland was re-created alongside the new office of Advocate
General for Northern Ireland upon the devolution of policing and
justice powers to the
Northern Ireland Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly in 2010.
Law Officers of the Crown in Scotland
Under the recent constitutional reforms, the
Lord Advocate has become
an officer of the Scottish Government, while the United Kingdom
Government is advised on
Scots law by the
Advocate General for
Lord Advocate is assisted by the Solicitor General for Scotland.
Government of Wales Act 2006, the Counsel General is the
chief legal adviser to the Welsh Assembly Government.
Other attorneys-general in the UK
Law Officers of the Crown (Other persons)
The Attorney General of the
Duchy of Cornwall
Duchy of Cornwall is the chief legal
adviser to the Prince of Wales, and there is a separate Attorney
General for the Duchy of Lancaster, an appointment that is held by the
United States Attorney General
United States Attorney General and State attorney
District attorney and United States Attorney
In the federal government of the United States, the Attorney General
is a member of the Cabinet and, as head of the Department of Justice,
is the top law enforcement officer and lawyer for the government. The
Attorney General may need to be distinguished from the Solicitor
General, a high Justice Department official with the responsibility of
representing the government before the Supreme Court. In cases of
exceptional importance, however, the Attorney General may choose
personally to represent the government to the Supreme Court.
The individual U.S. states and territories, as well as the federal
Washington, D.C. also have attorneys general with similar
responsibilities. The majority of state attorneys general are chosen
by popular election, as opposed to the U.S. Attorney General, who is a
presidential appointee confirmed by the Senate.
In nearly all United States jurisdictions the attorney general is the
chief law enforcement officer of that jurisdiction, and as such
attorney general may also be considered a police rank. The proper form
of addressing a person holding the office is addressed Mister or Madam
Attorney General, or just as Attorney General. The plural is
"Attorneys General" or "Attorneys-General".
Main article: Attorney General of Zimbabwe
The Attorney General is the chief legal advisor of the government of
Zimbabwe. The office falls under the Ministry of Justice and Legal
Similar offices in non-common law jurisdictions
Advocate General and Public procurator
Non-common law jurisdictions usually have one or more offices which
are similar to attorneys-general in common law jurisdictions, some of
which use "attorney-general" as the English translation of their
Main article: Attorney General's Office of Afghanistan
The Attorney General's of
Afghanistan (AGO) is the legal advisor to
Government of Islamic Republic of
Afghanistan (GIRoA). It also
monitors the implementation of laws in order to promote peace and
prosperity through the rule of law, and to enhance the quality of life
of the Afghan people. Currently
Mohammad Ishaq Aloko
Mohammad Ishaq Aloko is the Attorney
General of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
The AGO's mission is to serve all of the people of Afghanistan,
without discrimination, by defending the people's right to safety and
security, and ensuring fairness, impartiality, and justice when
investigating and prosecuting criminality. This also requires
monitoring the implementation of laws in order to promote peace and
prosperity through the rule of law, and to enhance the quality of life
of the Afghan people.
Attorney General of the Union
Attorney General of the Union and Prosecutor General of
In Brazil, the Attorney General of the Union (Portuguese:
Advogado-Geral da União) is in charge of the legal defense of the
federal government, legally known as the Union (União), and of
advising the President of the Republic on legal matters. The current
Attorney General is Grace Mendonça.
A separate position, the Prosecutor General of the Republic
(Portuguese: Procurador-Geral da República), is the head of the
Public Prosecutor's Office (Ministério Público da União). The
Prosecutor General is appointed by the President and confirmed by the
Senate. The current Prosecutor General is Raquel Dodge.
A third position, the Federal Public Defender General, oversees
federal public defenders offices.
Prosecutor General of the Republic
Prosecutor General of the Republic of Crimea
In the Republic of Crimea, the Attorney General's office is known as
Prosecutor General's office, hence the name of the role or position.
The office is formerly held by "Prosecutie" Natalia Poklonskaya, who
garnered internet fame as "Prosecutie" since March 2014.
Dominican Republic the Procuraduría General de la República
is an institution belonging to the executive branch that is
responsible for representing the Dominican State in courts of law,
defending public interest, assuring respect for the due process of law
and overseeing penitentiaries in the Republic.
Main article: Public Prosecutor General (Germany)
Main article: Chief Prosecutor of Hungary
Attorney General of Indonesia
Attorney General of Indonesia (Jaksa Agung Republik Indonesia) is
responsible to advise the
Government about law problems as well as
execute Supreme Court's order. The Office of Attorney General
(Kejaksaan Agung Republik Indonesia) has the ranking and power on par
with another ministries or departments in cabinet. The office is not
part of Justice Department in cabinet, the cabinet has its own
Human Rights department (Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia) with
a separate Minister of
Law and Human Rights (Menteri Hukum dan Hak
Asasi Manusia) that focuses on more technical and regulation making
rather than executing Supreme Court's order. The Attorney General is
also a Solicitor General. So, the Attorney General can represent the
Government in the Supreme Court. The Attorney General has the power to
indict and prosecute outlaws and law breakers. The current Attorney
General of Indonesia of Indonesia is HM Prasetyo, who assumed office
In Italy there is no strict equivalent of an Attorney General, and all
comparisons risk being misleading due to the differences in the
constitutional and legal systems. The very approximate equivalent of
an U.S. Attorney General would be the Ministro della Giustizia, who is
a member of the government and head of the Italian Department of
Justice. Also the English Attorney General has no direct equivalent,
as the function of legal adviser to the government does not exist as
such, and part of its responsibilities are in the Avvocato Generale
dello Stato, who is in charge of representing the State in any civil,
criminal or administrative lawsuit, but not in charge of prosecution.
Prosecution in Italy enjoys constitutional independence from the
Government, and is entrusted to a district attorney, the Procuratore
della Repubblica (one for every ordinary court), the Procuratore
Generale (every Court of Appeal), the Procuratore Distrettuale
Antimafia, the Procuratore Generale (Court of Cassation) and the
Procura Nazionale Antimafia.
Main article: Attorney General (Mexico)
In Mexico the Procuraduría General de la República is an institution
belonging to the federal executive branch that is responsible for the
investigation and prosecution of federal crimes.
In the Netherlands, there are two types of attorneys-general, that are
only historically related.
The first type of attorney-general ("advocaat-generaal" in Dutch) is
the public prosecutor in criminal cases at appellate courts.
The second type of attorney-general ("procureur-generaal", while their
replacements are called "advocaat-generaal") is an independent advisor
to the Supreme Court. These people give an opinion on cases (called
"conclusies") in any field of law (not just criminal law), supported
by a scientific staff. The Supreme Court may either follow or reject
the opinion of the attorney-general (which is published together with
the eventual decision). In a way, an attorney-general acts as yet
another judge, but in the Dutch system that does not allow dissenting
opinions to be published, it is the only way to reflect different
perceptions on a case. The Procureur-Generaal also prosecutes members
of parliament in the case of misfeance.
Dutch attorneys-general do not normally advise the
Main article: Office of the Attorney General of Norway
Office of the Attorney General of Norway (Norwegian:
Regjeringsadvokatembetet) is legal advisor to the government. The
attorney general assists the executive branch of government with
judicial questions, and to conduct civil legal trials. The Attorney
General is subordinate to the prime minister.
Director of Public Prosecutions of Norway (Norwegian:
Riksadvokaten) is the head of the Norwegian Prosecuting Authority, an
independent government agency subordinate only to "King-in-Council"
(Council of State (Norway)). The Judge
Advocate General of Norway
(Norwegian: Generaladvokaten) is the head of the military prosecution
authority, and is subordinate to riksadvokaten.
Main article: Prosecutor General of Russia
Main article: Public Attorney's Office of the Republic of Serbia
Serbia the office is called Public Attorney of the Republic of
Serbia. It is the person who represents the state's authorities in the
courts and administrative bodies, and advises the government in civil
law matters. Crimes and offences are prosecuted by the Public
Main article: Procurator General of the USSR
Main article: Spanish Attorney General
In Spain, the office is called Fiscal General del Estado (Attorney
General of the State) and also, Ministro Fiscal (Fiscal Minister),
because it is also the head of the Spanish 'Ministerio Fiscal', an
institution with the duty of promoting the action of justice, defend
the law, the citizens rights and the public interest, as well as to
ensure the independence of the courts and to seek the satisfaction of
the social interest.
Procurator General is the head of Supreme People's Procuracy of
^ Collins English Dictionary
^ American Heritage Dictionary
^ Merriam-Webster Dictionary
^ a b Pinker, Steven (1999). Words and Rules: The Ingredients of
Language (1st ed.). New York, NY: Basic Books. pp. 25, 28.
ISBN 0-465-07269-0. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
^ "U.S. Attorneys Generals Protest Trump's Ban: Liberty Is Bedrock of
Our Country". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
^ "Former Attorneys Generals at Work". New York Times. The New York
Times Company. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
^ Office of the Attorney General Archived October 24, 2015, at the
Wayback Machine. (Fiji), official website.
^ "Role of the Attorney-General",
Fiji Times, January 6, 2008.
^ Carter, Jediael (9 March 2016). "Women welcome appointment to
executive". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
Kiribati appoints first female Attorney-General".
www.pressreader.com. September 30, 2016.
^ "Office Of The Attorney General". Retrieved 4 July 2015.
^ "Main". 7 February 2011. Archived from the original on 7 February
2011. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
^ "Welcome to the Department of Justice - Republic of the Philippines
Tel: (+632) 523 8481, (+632) 523 6826". Doj.gov.ph. Archived from
the original on 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2012-05-04.
^ Tait, Maggie (12 May 2008). "Customary land excluded from Samoa
New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
^ "Minister of Justice and Attorney General resigns" Archived May 27,
2011, at the Wayback Machine., Matangi Tonga, June 1, 2009
^ "Tonga's new Attorney General" Archived 2011-05-27 at the Wayback
Machine., Matangi Tonga, June 2, 2009
^ "Attorney General of the Kingdom of Tonga"[permanent dead link],
Tongan government website, March 11, 2009
^ The Federative Republic of Brazil. "Structure: Attorney General of
the Union (AGU)". Accessed 20 September 2013.
^ Office of the Attorney General Archived September 6, 2008, at the
Wayback Machine. (Dominican Republic), official website.
^ "wetten.nl - Regeling - Wet op de rechterlijke organisatie -
BWBR0001830". wetten.overheid.nl. Retrieved 2017-01-11.
^ "Om Regjeringsadvokaten" (in Norwegian). Office of the Attorney
General of Norway. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
^ "Lov om rettergangsmåten i straffesaker (Straffeprosessloven) -
Lovdata". Retrieved 24 January 2017.
Barzilai, Gad; Nachmias, David (1997). The Attorney General: Authority
and Responsibility. Principles, Institutions in Comparative
Perspective, Analysis and Recommendations for Reforms. No. 6.
Jerusalem: Israel Institute for Democracy.
Barzilai, Gad (2010). The Attorney General and the State Prosecutor:
Is Institutional Separation Warranted?. Jerusalem: Israel Institute
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