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The Info List - Angela Lansbury


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Dame
Dame
Angela Brigid Lansbury DBE (born 16 October 1925) is an English-American-Irish actress who has appeared in theatre, television, and film, as well as a producer and singer. Her career has spanned seven decades, much of it in the United States, and her work has attracted international acclaim. Lansbury was born to an upper-middle-class family in Regents Park, central London, the daughter of Irish actress Moyna Macgill
Moyna Macgill
and English politician Edgar Lansbury. To escape the Blitz, in 1940 she moved to the United States with her mother and two younger brothers, and studied acting in New York City. Proceeding to Hollywood
Hollywood
in 1942, she signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
and obtained her first film roles, in Gaslight (1944) and The Picture of Dorian Gray
The Picture of Dorian Gray
(1945), earning her two Oscar nominations and a Golden Globe Award. She appeared in eleven further films for MGM, mostly in supporting roles, and after her contract ended in 1952 she began supplementing her cinematic work with theatrical appearances. Although largely seen as a B-list star during this period, her appearance in the film The Manchurian Candidate (1962) received widespread acclaim and is cited as being one of her finest performances. Moving into musical theatre, Lansbury finally gained stardom for playing the leading role in the Broadway musical Mame (1966), which earned her a range of awards and established her as a gay icon. Amid difficulties in her personal life, Lansbury moved from California to County Cork, Ireland, in 1970, and continued with a variety of theatrical and cinematic appearances throughout that decade. These included leading roles in the stage musicals Gypsy, Sweeney Todd, and The King and I, as well as in the hit Disney
Disney
film Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971). Moving into television, she achieved worldwide fame as fictional writer and sleuth Jessica Fletcher in the American whodunit series Murder, She Wrote, which ran for twelve seasons from 1984 until 1996, becoming one of the longest-running and most popular detective drama series in television history. Through Corymore Productions, a company that she co-owned with her husband Peter Shaw, Lansbury assumed ownership of the series and was its executive producer for the final four seasons. She also moved into voice work, thereby contributing to animated films such as Disney's Beauty and the Beast (1991). Since then, she has toured in a variety of international theatrical productions and continued to make occasional film appearances. Lansbury has received an Honorary Oscar and has won five Tony Awards, six Golden Globes, an Olivier Award, and one Grammy Award. She has also been nominated for numerous other industry awards, including the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Supporting Actress on three occasions, and various Primetime Emmy Awards on eighteen occasions. In 2014, Lansbury was made a Dame
Dame
by Queen Elizabeth II. She has been the subject of three biographies.

Contents

1 Early life and career breakthrough

1.1 Childhood: 1925–1942 1.2 Gaslight and The Picture of Dorian Gray: 1942–1945 1.3 Later MGM
MGM
films: 1945–1951

2 Mid-career

2.1 The Manchurian Candidate and minor roles: 1952–1965 2.2 Mame and theatrical stardom: 1966–1969 2.3 Ireland and Gypsy: 1970–1978 2.4 Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
and continued cinematic work: 1979–1984

3 Global fame

3.1 Murder, She Wrote: 1984–1996 3.2 Return to theatre: 1997–present

4 Personality and personal life 5 Recognition and legacy 6 Filmography and stage work 7 Awards and nominations 8 Bibliography 9 See also 10 References

10.1 Footnotes 10.2 Bibliography

11 External links

Early life and career breakthrough[edit] Childhood: 1925–1942[edit] Lansbury was born to an upper middle class family on October 16, 1925.[3] Although her birthplace has often been given as Poplar, East London,[4] she has rejected this, asserting that while she had ancestral connections to Poplar, she was born in Regent's Park, Central London.[1][5] Her mother was Belfast-born actress Moyna Macgill (born Charlotte Lillian McIldowie), who regularly appeared on stage in the West End and who had also starred in several films.[6] Her father was the wealthy English timber merchant and politician Edgar Lansbury, a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain
Communist Party of Great Britain
and former mayor of the Metropolitan Borough of Poplar.[7] Her paternal grandfather was the Labour Party leader and anti-war activist George Lansbury, a man whom she felt "awed" by and considered "a giant in my youth."[8] Angela had an older half sister, Isolde, who was the offspring of Moyna's previous marriage to writer and director Reginald Denham.[9] In January 1930, when Angela was four, her mother gave birth to twin boys, Bruce and Edgar, leading the Lansburys to move from their Poplar flat to a house in Mill Hill, North London; on weekends they would vacate to a rural farm in Berrick Salome, near Wallingford, Oxfordshire.[10]

"I'm eternally grateful for the Irish side of me. That's where I got my sense of comedy and whimsy. As for the English half–that's my reserved side ... But put me onstage, and the Irish comes out. The combination makes a good mix for acting."

 – Angela Lansbury[11]

When Lansbury was nine, her father died from stomach cancer; she retreated into playing characters as a coping mechanism. [12] In 2014, Lansbury described this event as "the defining moment of my life. Nothing before or since has affected me so deeply."[5] Facing financial difficulty, her mother became engaged to a Scottish colonel, Leckie Forbes, and moved into his house in Hampstead, with Lansbury receiving an education at South Hampstead
Hampstead
High School from 1934 until 1939.[13] She nevertheless considered herself largely self-educated, learning from books, theatre and cinema.[14] She became a self-professed "complete movie maniac", visiting the cinema regularly and imagining herself as certain characters.[15] Keen on playing the piano, she briefly studied music at the Ritman School of Dancing, and in 1940 began studying acting at the Webber Douglas School of Singing and Dramatic Art in Kensington, West London, first appearing onstage as a lady-in-waiting in the school's production of Maxwell Anderson's Mary of Scotland.[16] That year, Angela's grandfather died, and with the onset of the Blitz, Macgill decided to take Angela, Bruce and Edgar to the United States; Isolde remained in Britain with her new husband, the actor Peter Ustinov. Macgill secured a job supervising sixty British children who were being evacuated to North America aboard the Duchess of Athol, arriving with them in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in mid-August.[17] From there, she proceeded by train to New York City, where she was financially sponsored by a Wall Street
Wall Street
businessman, Charles T. Smith, moving in with his family at their home at Mahopac, New York.[18] Lansbury gained a scholarship from the American Theatre Wing
American Theatre Wing
allowing her to study at the Feagin School of Drama and Radio, where she appeared in performances of William Congreve's The Way of the World and Oscar Wilde's Lady Windermere's Fan. She graduated in March 1942, by which time the family had moved to a flat in Morton Street, Greenwich Village.[19] Gaslight and The Picture of Dorian Gray: 1942–1945[edit] Macgill secured work in a Canadian touring production of Tonight at 8:30, and was joined in Canada by her daughter, who gained her first theatrical job as a nightclub act at the Samovar Club, Montreal. Having gained the job by claiming to be 19 when she was 16, her act consisted of her singing songs by Noël Coward, and earned her $60 a week.[20] She returned to New York City in August 1942, but her mother had moved to Hollywood, Los Angeles, in order to resurrect her cinematic career; Lansbury and her brothers followed.[21] Moving into a bungalow in Laurel Canyon, both Lansbury and her mother obtained Christmas jobs at the Bullocks Wilshire
Bullocks Wilshire
department store in Los Angeles; Moyna was sacked for incompetence, leaving the family to subsist on Lansbury's wages of $28 a week.[22] Befriending a group of gay men, Lansbury became privy to the city's underground gay scene,[23] and with her mother, attended lectures by the spiritual guru Krishnamurti; at one of these, she met Aldous Huxley.[23]

Lansbury in the trailer for The Picture of Dorian Gray

At a party hosted by her mother, Lansbury met John van Druten, who had recently co-authored a script for Gaslight (1944), a mystery-thriller based on Patrick Hamilton's 1938 play, Gas Light. Set in Victorian London, the film was being directed by George Cukor, and starred Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
in the lead role of Paula Alquist, a woman being psychologically tormented by her husband. Van Druten suggested that Lansbury would be perfect for the role of Nancy Oliver, a conniving cockney maid; she was accepted for the part, although, since she was only 17, a social worker had to accompany her on the set. Obtaining an agent, Earl Kramer, she was signed to a seven-year contract with MGM, earning $500 a week and using her real name as her professional name.[24] Upon release, Gaslight received mixed critical reviews, although Lansbury's role was widely praised; the film earned six Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations, including one for Best Supporting Actress for Lansbury.[25] Her next film appearance was as Edwina Brown, the older sister of Velvet Brown in National Velvet (1944); the film proved to be a major commercial hit, with Lansbury developing a lifelong friendship with co-star Elizabeth Taylor.[26] Lansbury next starred in The Picture of Dorian Gray
Dorian Gray
(1945), a cinematic adaptation of Oscar Wilde's 1890 novel of the same name, which was again set in Victorian London. Directed by Albert Lewin, Lansbury was cast as Sibyl Vane, a working class music hall singer who falls in love with the protagonist, Dorian Gray
Dorian Gray
(Hurd Hatfield). Although the film was not a financial success, Lansbury's performance once more drew praise, earning her a Golden Globe Award, and she was again nominated for Best Supporting Actress at the Academy Awards, losing to Anne Revere, her co-star in National Velvet. [27] Later MGM
MGM
films: 1945–1951[edit] On September 27, 1945, Lansbury married Richard Cromwell, an artist and decorator whose acting career had come to a standstill. Their marriage was troubled; Cromwell was gay, and had married Lansbury in the unsuccessful hope that it would turn him heterosexual. The marriage ended in less than a year when she filed for divorce on September 11, 1946, but they remained friends until his death.[28] In December 1946, she was introduced to fellow English expatriate Peter Pullen Shaw at a party held by former co-star Hurd Hatfield
Hurd Hatfield
in Ojai Valley. Shaw was an aspiring actor, also signed to MGM, and had recently left a relationship with Joan Crawford. He and Lansbury became a couple, living together before she proposed marriage.[29]

Lansbury in a scene from MGM's Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
(1946), one of her earliest film appearances

The couple were intent on getting married back in Britain, but the Church of England
Church of England
refused to marry two divorcees. Instead, they wed at St. Columba's Church, a place of worship under the jurisdiction of the Church of Scotland, in Knightsbridge, London
London
in August 1949, followed by a honeymoon in France.[30] Returning to the U.S., where they settled into Lansbury's home in Rustic Canyon, Malibu,[31] in 1951 both became naturalised U.S. citizens, albeit retaining their British citizenship via dual nationality.[32] Following the success of Gaslight and The Picture of Dorian Gray, MGM cast Lansbury in eleven further films until her contract with the company ended in 1952. Keeping her among their B-list stars, MGM
MGM
used her less than their similar-aged actresses; biographers Edelman and Kupferberg believed that the majority of these films were "mediocre", doing little to further her career.[33] This view was echoed by Cukor, who believed Lansbury had been "consistently miscast" by MGM.[34] She was repeatedly made to portray older women, often villainous, and as a result became increasingly dissatisfied with working for MGM, commenting that "I kept wanting to play the Jean Arthur
Jean Arthur
roles, and Mr Mayer kept casting me as a series of venal bitches."[35] The company themselves were suffering from the post-1948 slump in cinema sales, as a result slashing film budgets and cutting their number of staff.[35] 1946 saw Lansbury play her first American character as "Em", a tough honky-tonk saloon singer who slaps Judy Garland's character in the Oscar-winning Wild West
Wild West
musical The Harvey Girls.[36] She appeared in The Hoodlum Saint
The Hoodlum Saint
(1946), Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
(1947), If Winter Comes (1947), Tenth Avenue Angel (1948), The Three Musketeers (1948), State of the Union (1948) and The Red Danube
The Red Danube
(1949). She was loaned by MGM
MGM
first to United Artists
United Artists
for The Private Affairs of Bel Ami
The Private Affairs of Bel Ami
(1947), and then to Paramount for Samson and Delilah (1949).[37] She appeared as a villainous maidservant in Kind Lady (1951) and a French adventuress in Mutiny (1952).[38] Turning to radio, in 1948 she appeared in an audio adaptation of Somerset Maugham's Of Human Bondage for NBC University Theatre
NBC University Theatre
and the following year she starred in their adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice.[39] Moving into television, she appeared in a 1950 episode of Robert Montgomery Presents adapted from A.J. Cronin's The Citadel.[40] Mid-career[edit] The Manchurian Candidate and minor roles: 1952–1965[edit]

Lansbury with her children in 1957

Unhappy with the roles she was being given by MGM, Lansbury instructed her manager, Harry Friedman of MCA Inc., to terminate her contract in 1952,[41] in the same year that her son Anthony was born.[42] Soon after the birth she joined the East Coast touring productions of two former-Broadway plays: Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse's Remains to be Seen and Louis Verneuil's Affairs of State.[43] Biographer Margaret Bonanno later stated that at this point, Lansbury's career had "hit an all-time low".[44] In April 1953, her daughter Deirdre Angela Shaw was born.[45] Shaw had a son by a previous marriage, David, and after gaining legal custody of the boy in 1953 he brought him to California
California
to live with the family; with three children to raise, the Shaws moved to a larger house on San Vincente Boulevard in Santa Monica.[46] However, Lansbury did not feel entirely comfortable in the Hollywood
Hollywood
social scene, later asserting that as a result of her British roots, "in Hollywood, I always felt like a stranger in a strange land."[47] In 1959 the family moved to Malibu, settling into a house on the Pacific Coast Highway that had been designed by Aaron Green; there, she and Peter escaped the Hollywood
Hollywood
scene, and were able to send their children to a local public school.[48] Returning to cinema as a freelance actress, Lansbury found herself typecast as women older (sometimes far older) than herself in many films in which she appeared during this period.[49] As she later stated, " Hollywood
Hollywood
made me old before my time", noting that in her twenties she was receiving fan mail from people who believed her to be in her forties.[50] She obtained minor roles in such films as A Life at Stake (1954), A Lawless Street
A Lawless Street
(1955) and The Purple Mask
The Purple Mask
(1955), later describing the last as "the worst movie I ever made."[51] She played Princess Gwendolyn in the comedy film The Court Jester
The Court Jester
(1956), before taking on the role of a wife who kills her husband in Please Murder Me (1956). From there she appeared as Minnie Littlejohn in The Long Hot Summer (1958), and as Mabel Claremont in The Reluctant Debutante (1958), which she filmed in Paris.[52] Biographer Martin Gottfried claimed that it was these latter two cinematic appearances which restored Lansbury's status as an "A-picture actress."[53] Throughout this period, she continued making appearances on television, starring in episodes of Revlon Mirror Theatre, Ford Theatre and The George Gobel Show, and became a regular on game show Pantomime Quiz.[54] In April 1957 she debuted on Broadway at the Henry Miller Theatre
Henry Miller Theatre
in Hotel Paradiso, a French burlesque set in Paris, directed by Peter Glenville. The play only ran for 15 weeks, although she earned good reviews for her role as "Marcel Cat". She later stated that had she not appeared in the play, her "whole career would have fizzled out."[55] She followed this with an appearance in 1960s Broadway performance of A Taste of Honey
A Taste of Honey
at the Lyceum Theatre, directed by Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
and George Devine. Lansbury played Helen, the boorish, verbally abusive, otherwise absentee mother of Josephine (played by Joan Plowright, only four years Lansbury's junior), remarking that she gained "a great deal of satisfaction" from the role.[56] During the show's run, Lansbury developed a friendship with Plowright, as well as with Plowright's lover and future husband, Laurence Olivier. It was from Lansbury's rented flat on East 97th Street that Plowright and Olivier eloped to be married.[57]

Lansbury first appeared in musical theatre in 1964 at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway (pictured in 2007)

After a well-reviewed appearance in Summer of the Seventeenth Doll (1959) – for which she had filmed in Sydney, Australia
Sydney, Australia
– and a minor role in A Breath of Scandal
A Breath of Scandal
(1960), she appeared in 1961's Blue Hawaii as an overbearing mother, whose son was played by Elvis Presley.[58] Acknowledging that the film was of poor quality, she commented that she agreed to appear in it because "I was desperate".[59] Her rare sympathetic role as Mavis in The Dark at the Top of the Stairs (1960) drew critical acclaim, as did her performances as sinister characters in All Fall Down (1962), as a manipulative, destructive mother, [60] and the Cold War
Cold War
thriller The Manchurian Candidate (1962) as the scheming ideologue Mrs. Iselin. In the latter, she was cast for the role by John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer
based on her performance in All Fall Down. Lansbury was only three years older than actor Laurence Harvey
Laurence Harvey
who played her son in the film.[61] She had agreed to appear in the film after reading the original novel, describing it as "one of the most exciting political books I ever read".[62] Biographers Edelman and Kupferberg considered this role "her enduring cinematic triumph,"[63] while Gottfried stated that it was "the strongest, the most memorable and the best picture she ever made ... she gives her finest film performance in it."[64] Lansbury received her third Best Supporting Actress Academy Award nomination for the film, and was bothered by the fact that she lost.[65] She followed this with a performance as Sybil Logan in In the Cool of the Day (1963) – a film she renounced as awful – before appearing as wealthy Isabel Boyd in The World of Henry Orient
The World of Henry Orient
(1964) and the widow Phyllis in Dear Heart (1964).[66] Her first appearance in a theatrical musical was the short-lived Anyone Can Whistle, written by Arthur Laurents
Arthur Laurents
and Stephen Sondheim. An experimental work, it opened at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway in April 1964, but was critically panned and closed after nine performances. Lansbury had played the role of crooked mayoress Cora Hoover Hooper, and although she loved Sondheim's score she faced personal differences with Laurents and was glad when the show closed.[67] She appeared in The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965), a cinematic biopic of Jesus, but was cut almost entirely from the final edit.[68] She followed this with an appearance as Mama Jean Bello in Harlow (1965), as Lady Blystone in The Amorous Adventures of Moll Flanders (1965), and as Gloria in Mister Buddwing (1966).[69] Despite her well-received performances in a number of films, "celluloid superstardom" evaded her, and she became increasingly dissatisfied with these minor roles, feeling that none allowed her to explore her potential as an actress.[70] Mame and theatrical stardom: 1966–1969[edit]

Mame original Broadway cast members Beatrice Arthur
Beatrice Arthur
and Angela Lansbury at the 41st annual Emmy Awards (1989). The two had remained close friends over the years.

In 1966, Lansbury took on the title role of Mame Dennis in the musical Mame, Jerry Herman's musical adaptation of the novel Auntie Mame. The director's first choice for the role had been Rosalind Russell, who played Mame in the non-musical film adaptation Auntie Mame, but she had declined. Lansbury actively sought the role in the hope that it would mark a change in her career. When she was chosen, it came as a surprise to theatre critics, who believed that it would go to a better-known actress; Lansbury was forty-one years old, and it was her first starring role.[71] Mame Dennis was a glamorous character, with over twenty costume changes throughout the play, and Lansbury's role involved ten songs and dance routines which she trained extensively for.[72] First appearing in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and then Boston, Mame opened at the Winter Garden Theatre
Winter Garden Theatre
on Broadway in May 1966.[73] Auntie Mame was already popular among the gay community,[74] and Mame gained Lansbury a cult gay following, something that she later attributed to the fact that Mame Dennis was "every gay person's idea of glamour ... Everything about Mame coincided with every young man's idea of beauty and glory and it was lovely."[75]

"I was a wife and a mother, and I was completely fulfilled. But my husband recognised the signals in me which said 'I've been doing enough gardening, I've cooked enough good dinners, I've sat around the house and mooned about what more interior decoration I can get my fingers into.' It's a curious thing with actors and actresses, but suddenly the alarm goes off. My husband is a very sensitive person to my moods and he recognised the fact that I had to get on with something. Mame came along out of the blue just at this time. Now isn't that a miracle?"

 – Angela Lansbury[76]

Reviews of Lansbury's performance were overwhelmingly positive.[77] In The New York Times, Stanley Kauffmann wrote: "Miss Lansbury is a singing-dancing actress, not a singer or dancer who also acts ... In this marathon role she has wit, poise, warmth and a very taking coolth."[78] The role resulted in Lansbury receiving her first Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical.[79] Lansbury's later biographer Margaret Bonanno claimed that Mame made Lansbury a "superstar",[80] with the actress herself commenting on her success by stating that "Everyone loves you, everyone loves the success, and enjoys it as much as you do. And it lasts as long as you are on that stage and as long as you keep coming out of that stage door."[81] The stardom achieved through Mame allowed Lansbury to make further appearances on television, such as on Perry Como's Thanksgiving Special
Special
in November 1966.[82] Her fame also allowed her to engage in a variety of high-profile charitable endeavors, for instance appearing as the guest of honor at the 1967 March of Dimes
March of Dimes
annual benefit luncheon.[82] She was invited to star in a musical performance for the 1968 Academy Awards ceremony, and co-hosted that year's Tony Awards with former brother-in-law Peter Ustinov.[83] That year, Harvard University's Hasty Pudding Club
Hasty Pudding Club
elected her "Woman of the Year".[84] When the film adaptation of Mame was put into production, Lansbury hoped to be offered the part, but it instead went to Lucille Ball, an established box-office success.[85] Lansbury considered this to be "one of my bitterest disappointments".[86] Her personal life was further complicated when she learned that both of her children had become involved with the counterculture of the 1960s and had been using recreational drugs; as a result, Anthony had become addicted to cocaine and heroin.[87] Lansbury followed the success of Mame with a performance as Countess Aurelia, the 75-year-old Parisian eccentric in Dear World, a musical adaptation of Jean Giraudoux's The Madwoman of Chaillot. The show opened at Broadway's Mark Hellinger Theatre
Mark Hellinger Theatre
in February 1969, but Lansbury found it a "pretty depressing" experience. Reviews of her performance were positive, and she was awarded her second Tony Award on the basis of it. Reviews of the show more generally were critical, however, and it ended after 132 performances.[88] She followed this with an appearance in the title role of the musical Prettybelle, which was based upon Jean Arnold's The Rape of Prettybelle. Set in the Deep South, it dealt with issues of racism, with Lansbury as a wealthy alcoholic who seeks sexual encounters with black men. A controversial play, it opened in Boston
Boston
but received poor reviews, being cancelled before it reached Broadway.[89] Lansbury later described the play as "a complete and utter fiasco", admitting that in her opinion, her "performance was awful".[90] Ireland and Gypsy: 1970–1978[edit] In the early 1970s, Lansbury declined several cinematic roles, including the lead in The Killing of Sister George and the role of Nurse Ratched in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.[91] Instead, she accepted the role of the Countess von Ornstein, an aging German aristocrat who falls in love with a younger man, in Something for Everyone (1970), for which she filmed on location in Hohenschwangen, Bavaria.[92] That same year she appeared as the middle-aged English witch Eglentine Price in the Disney
Disney
film Bedknobs and Broomsticks; this was her first lead in a screen musical, and led to her publicising the film on television programmes like the David Frost Show.[93] She later noted that as a big commercial hit, this film "secured an enormous audience for me".[94] 1970 was a traumatic year for the Lansbury family, as Peter underwent a hip replacement, Anthony suffered a heroin overdose and entered a coma, and in September the family's Malibu home was destroyed in a brush fire.[95] They then purchased Knockmourne Glebe, a farmhouse constructed in the 1820s which was located near the village of Conna
Conna
in rural County Cork, and, after Anthony quit using cocaine and heroin, took him there to recover from his drug addiction.[96] He subsequently enrolled in the Webber-Douglas School, his mother's alma mater, and became a professional actor, before moving into television directing.[97] Lansbury and her husband did not return to California, instead dividing their time between County Cork
County Cork
and New York City.[98]

"[In Ireland, our gardener] had no idea who I was. Nobody there did. I was just Mrs. Shaw, which suited me down to the ground. I had absolute anonymity in those days, which was wonderful."

 – Angela Lansbury[99]

In 1972, Lansbury returned to London's West End to perform in the Royal Shakespeare Company's theatrical production of Edward Albee's All Over at the Aldwych Theatre. She portrayed the mistress of a dying New England
New England
millionaire, and although the play's reviews were mixed, Lansbury's acting was widely praised.[100] This was followed by her reluctant involvement in a revival of Mame, which was then touring the United States,[101] after which she returned to the West End to play the character of Rose in the musical Gypsy. She had initially turned down the role, not wishing to be in the shadow of Ethel Merman, who had portrayed the character in the original Broadway production, but eventually accepted it; when the show started in May 1973, she earned a standing ovation and rave reviews.[102] Settling into a Belgravia flat, she was soon in demand among London
London
society, having dinners held in her honour.[103] Following the culmination of the London
London
run, in 1974 Gypsy went on a tour of the U.S., and in Chicago
Chicago
Lansbury was awarded the Sarah Siddons Award for her performance. The show eventually reached Broadway, where it ran until January 1975; a critical success, it earned Lansbury her third Tony Award.[104] After several months' break, Gypsy then toured throughout the country again in the summer of 1975.[105] Desiring to move on from musicals, Lansbury decided that she wanted to appear in a production of one of William Shakespeare's plays. She obtained the role of Gertrude in the National Theatre Company's production of Hamlet, staged at the Old Vic. Directed by Peter Hall, the production ran from December 1975 to May 1976, receiving mixed reviews; Lansbury later commented that she "hated" the role, believing it too restrained.[106] Her mood was worsened by the news that in November 1975 her mother had died in California; Lansbury had her mother's body cremated and the ashes scattered near her own County Cork
County Cork
home.[107] Her next theatrical appearance was in two one-act plays by Edward Albee, Counting the Ways and Listening, performed side by side at the Hartford Stage Company in Connecticut. Reviews of the production were mixed, although Lansbury was again singled out for praise.[108] This was followed by another revival tour of Gypsy.[109] In April 1978, Lansbury appeared in 24 performances of a revival of The King and I
The King and I
musical staged at Broadway's Uris Theatre; Lansbury played the role of Mrs Anna, replacing Constance Towers, who was on a short break.[110] Her first cinematic role in seven years was as novelist and murder victim Salome Otterbourne in Death on the Nile (1978), an adaptation of Agatha Christie's 1937 novel of the same name that was filmed in both London
London
and Egypt. In the film Lansbury starred alongside Ustinov and Bette Davis, who became a close friend. The role earned Lansbury the National Board of Review
National Board of Review
award for Best Supporting Actress of 1978.[111] Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
and continued cinematic work: 1979–1984[edit] In March 1979, Lansbury first appeared as Nellie Lovett in Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, a Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
musical directed by Harold Prince. Opening at the Uris Theatre, she starred alongside Len Cariou
Len Cariou
as Sweeney Todd, the murderous barber in 19th century London. After being offered the role, she jumped on the opportunity due to the involvement of Sondheim in the project; she commented that she loved "the extraordinary wit and intelligence of his lyrics."[112] She remained in the role for fourteen months before being replaced by Dorothy Loudon; the musical received mixed critical reviews, although it earned Lansbury her fourth Tony Award
Tony Award
and After Dark magazine's Ruby Award for Broadway Performer of the Year.[113] She returned to the role in October 1980 for a ten-month tour of six U.S. cities; the production was also filmed and broadcast on the Entertainment Channel.[114] In 1982, she took on the role of an upper middle class housewife who champions workers' rights in A Little Family Business, a farce set in Baltimore
Baltimore
in which her son Anthony also starred. It debuted at Los Angeles' Ahmanson Theatre before heading on to Broadway's Martin Beck Theatre. It was critically panned and induced accusations of racism from the Japanese-American community.[115] That year, Lansbury was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame,[116] and the following year appeared in a Mame revival at Broadway's Gershwin Theatre. Although Lansbury was praised, the show was a commercial flop, with Lansbury noting that "I realised that it's not a show of today. It's a period piece."[117]

"A small number of people have seen me on the stage. [Television] is a chance for me to play to a vast U.S. public, and I think that's a chance you don't pass up ... I'm interested in reaching everybody. I don't want to reach just the people who can pay forty-five or fifty dollars for a [theatre] seat."

 – Angela Lansbury[118]

Working prolifically in cinema, in 1979 Lansbury appeared as Miss Froy in The Lady Vanishes, a remake of Alfred Hitchcock's famous 1938 film.[119] The following year she appeared in The Mirror Crack'd, another film based on an Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie
novel, this time as Miss Marple, a sleuth in 1950s Kent. Lansbury hoped to get away from the depiction of the role made famous by Margaret Rutherford, instead returning to Christie's description of the character; in this she created a precursor to her later role of Jessica Fletcher. She was signed to appear in two sequels as Miss Marple, but these were never made.[120] Lansbury's next film was the animated The Last Unicorn (1982), for which she provided the voice of the witch Mommy Fortuna.[121] Returning to musical cinema, she starred as Ruth in The Pirates of Penzance (1983), a film based on Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera of the same name, and while filming it in London
London
sang on a recording of The Beggar's Opera.[122] This was followed by an appearance as the grandmother in Gothic fantasy film The Company of Wolves
The Company of Wolves
(1984).[123] Lansbury had also begun work for television, appearing in a 1982 television film with Bette Davis
Bette Davis
titled Little Gloria... Happy at Last.[124] She followed this with an appearance in CBS's The Gift of Love: A Christmas Story (1983), later describing it as "the most unsophisticated thing you can imagine".[125] A BBC
BBC
television film followed, A Talent for Murder (1984), in which she played a wheelchair-bound mystery writer; although describing it as "a rush job", she agreed to do it in order to work with co-star Laurence Olivier.[126] Two further miniseries featuring Lansbury appeared in 1984: Lace and The First Olympics: Athens 1896.[127] Global fame[edit] Murder, She Wrote: 1984–1996[edit]

Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
in September 1989

In 1983, Lansbury was offered two main television roles, one in a sitcom and the other in a detective series; unable to do both, her agents advised her to accept the former although Lansbury instead went with the latter.[128] The series, Murder, She Wrote, centred on the character of Jessica Fletcher, a retired school teacher from the fictional town of Cabot Cove, Maine, who became a successful detective novelist after her husband's death, also solving murders that she encounters during her travels; Lansbury described the character as "an American Miss Marple".[129] The series was created by Peter S. Fischer, Richard Levinson, and William Link, who had earlier had success with Columbo, and the role of Jessica Fletcher had been first offered to Jean Stapleton, who declined the role, as did Doris Day.[130] The pilot episode, "The Murder of Sherlock Holmes", premiered on CBS
CBS
on September 30, 1984, with the rest of the first season airing on Sundays from 8 to 9 p.m. Although critical reviews were mixed, it proved highly popular, with the pilot having a Nielsen rating of 18.9 and the first season being rated top in its time slot.[131] Designed as inoffensive family viewing, despite its topic the show eschewed depicting violence or gore, following the "whodunit" format rather than those of most contemporary U.S. crime shows; Lansbury herself commented that "best of all, there's no violence. I hate violence."[132] Lansbury was defensive about Jessica Fletcher, having creative input over the character's costumes, makeup and hair, and rejecting pressure from network executives to put her in a relationship, believing that the character should remain a strong single female.[133] When she believed that a scriptwriter had made Jessica do or say things that did not fit with the character's personality, Lansbury ensured that the script was changed.[134] She saw Jessica as a role model for older female viewers, praising her "enormous, universal appeal – that was an accomplishment I never expected in my entire life."[135] Lansbury biographers Rob Edelman and Audrey E. Kupferberg described the series as "a television landmark" in the U.S. for having an older female character as the protagonist, thereby paving the way for later series like The Golden Girls.[136] Lansbury herself noted that "I think it's the first time a show has really been aimed at the middle aged audience",[137] and although it was most popular among senior citizens, it gradually gained a younger audience; by 1991, a third of viewers were under fifty.[138] It gained continually high ratings throughout most of its run, outdoing rivals in its time slot such as Steven Spielberg's Amazing Stories
Amazing Stories
on NBC.[139] In February 1987, a spin-off was produced, The Law & Harry McGraw, although it was short-lived.[140]

"I know why [ Murder, She Wrote
Murder, She Wrote
was a success]. There was never any blood, never any violence. And there was always a satisfying conclusion to a whodunit. The jigsaw was complete. And I loved Jessica's everywoman character. I think that's what made her so acceptable to an across-the-board audience."

 – Angela Lansbury, 2014[141]

As the show went on, Lansbury assumed a larger role behind the scenes.[142] In 1989, her own company, Corymore Productions, began co-producing the show with Universal.[143] Nevertheless, she began to tire of the series, and in particular the long working hours, stating that the 1990–91 season would be the show's last.[144] She changed her mind after being appointed executive producer for the 1992–93 season, something that she felt "made it far more interesting to me."[145] For the eighth season, the show's setting moved to New York City, where Jessica had taken a job teaching criminology at Manhattan University; the move was an attempt to attract younger viewers and was encouraged by Lansbury.[146] Having become a "Sunday-night institution" in the U.S., the show's ratings improved during the early 1990s, becoming a Top Five programme.[147] However, CBS
CBS
executives, hoping to gain a larger audience, moved it to Thursdays at 8pm, opposite NBC's new sitcom, Friends. Lansbury was angry at the move, believing that it ignored the show's core audience.[148] The final episode of the series aired in May 1996, and ended with Lansbury voicing a "Goodbye from Jessica" message at the end.[149] Tom Shales wrote in The Washington Post, "The title of the show's last episode, "Death by Demographics," is in itself something of a protest. 'Murder, She Wrote' is partly a victim of commercial television's mad youth mania."[150] At the time it tied the original Hawaii Five-O as the longest-running detective drama series in television history,[147][151] and the role would prove to be the most successful and prominent of Lansbury's career.[152] Lansbury initially had plans for a Murder She Wrote television film that would be a musical with a score composed by Jerry Herman.[153] While this project didn't materialise, it was transformed into Mrs Santa Claus
Mrs Santa Claus
– in which Lansbury played Santa Claus' wife – which proved to be a ratings hit.[154] Throughout the run of Murder, She Wrote, Lansbury had continued making appearances in other television films, miniseries and cinema.[155] In 1986, she co-hosted the New York Philharmonic's televised tribute to the centenary of the Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
with Kirk Douglas.[156] In 1986 she appeared as the protagonist's mother in Rage of Angels: The Story Continues,[155] and in 1988 portrayed Nan Moore – the mother of a victim of the real-life Korean Air Lines Flight 007
Korean Air Lines Flight 007
plane crash – in Shootdown; being a mother herself, she had been "enormously touched by the incident".[157] 1989 saw her featured in The Shell Seekers as an Englishwoman recuperating from a heart attack,[158] and in 1990 she starred in The Love She Sought as an American school teacher who falls in love with a Catholic priest while visiting Ireland; Lansbury thought it "a marvelous woman's story."[159] She next starred as the Cockney
Cockney
Mrs Harris in a film adaptation of the novel Mrs 'Arris Goes to Paris, which was directed by her son and executive produced by her stepson.[160] Her highest profile cinematic role since The Manchurian Candidate was as the voice of the singing teapot Mrs. Potts
Mrs. Potts
in the 1991 Disney
Disney
animation Beauty and the Beast, an appearance that she considered to be a gift to her three grandchildren. Lansbury performed the title song to the film, which won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Song, Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Original Song and Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.[161] Lansbury's Murder, She Wrote
Murder, She Wrote
fame resulted in her being employed to appear in advertisements and infomercials for Bufferin, MasterCard
MasterCard
and the Beatrix Potter
Beatrix Potter
Company.[162] In 1988, she released a video titled Angela Lansbury's Positive Moves: My Personal Plan for Fitness and Well-Being, in which she outlined her personal exercise routine, and in 1990 published a book with the same title co-written with Mimi Avins, which she dedicated to her mother.[163] As a result of her work she was awarded a CBE
CBE
by the British government, given to her in a ceremony by Charles, Prince of Wales
Charles, Prince of Wales
at the British consulate in Los Angeles.[164] While living most of the year in California, Lansbury spent Christmases and summers at Corymore House, her farmhouse overlooking the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
at Ballywilliam, near Churchtown South, County Cork, which she had had specially built as a family home in 1991.[165]

Lansbury in 2013, with James Earl Jones

Return to theatre: 1997–present[edit] Following the end of Murder, She Wrote, Lansbury returned to the theatre. Although cast in the lead role in the 2001 Kander and Ebb musical The Visit, she withdrew before it opened due to her husband's deteriorating health.[166] Peter died in January 2003 of congestive heart failure at the couple's Brentwood, California
California
home.[167] Lansbury felt that after this event she would not take on any more major acting roles, and that instead might make a few cameo appearances but nothing more.[168] Wanting to spend more time in New York City, in 2006 she purchased a $2 million condominium in Manhattan,[168][169] and in a 2014 interview noted that she also had homes in Ireland and Los Angeles.[141]

Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
in Deuce, New York City, 2007

She made an appearance in a season six episode of the television show Law & Order: Special
Special
Victims Unit, for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award
Emmy Award
in 2005.[170] She starred in the 2005 film Nanny McPhee as Aunt Adelaide, commenting that it was "such fun to play a baddie!",[171] and later informing an interviewer that working on Nanny McPhee
Nanny McPhee
"pulled me out of the abyss" after the loss of her husband.[169] She then appeared in the 2011 film Mr. Popper's Penguins, opposite Jim Carrey.[172] Lansbury returned to Broadway after a 23-year absence in Deuce, a play by Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
that opened at the Music Box Theatre
Music Box Theatre
in May 2007 for a limited run of eighteen weeks.[173] Lansbury received a Tony Award
Tony Award
nomination for Best Leading Actress in a Play for her role.[174] In March 2009 she returned to Broadway for a revival of Blithe Spirit at the Shubert Theatre, where she took on the role of Madame Arcati.[175] Discussing the character, she stated: "I love her. She's completely off-the-wall but utterly secure in her own convictions."[5] This appearance earned her the Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Featured Actress in a Play; this was her fifth Tony Award, tying her with the previous record holder for the number of Tony Awards, Julie Harris, albeit all of Harris' Tonys were for Best Leading Actress.[176] From December 2009 to June 2010, Lansbury then starred as Madame Armfeldt alongside Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
in the first Broadway revival of A Little Night Music, held at the Walter Kerr Theatre.[177] The role earned her a seventh Tony Award
Tony Award
nomination,[178] while in May 2010, she was awarded an honorary doctoral degree from Manhattan
Manhattan
School of Music.[179] From April to July 2012, Lansbury starred as women's rights advocate Sue-Ellen Gamadge in the Broadway revival of Gore Vidal's The Best Man at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre.[180] From February to June 2013, Lansbury starred alongside James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
in an Australian tour of Driving Miss Daisy.[181] In November 2013, she received an Academy Honorary Award for her lifetime achievement at the Governors Awards.[182] From March to June 2014, Lansbury reprised her performance as Madame Arcati in Blithe Spirit at the Gielgud Theatre in London's West End, her first London
London
stage appearance in nearly 40 years.[183] While in London, she made an appearance at the Angela Lansbury Film Festival in Poplar, a screening of some of her most popular films organised by Poplar Film.[184][185] From December 2014 to March 2015 she joined the tour of Blithe Spirit across North America.[186] In April 2015, aged 89, she received her first Olivier Award as Best Supporting Actress for her performance as Arcati,[187] and in November 2015 was awarded the Oscar Hammerstein Award for Lifetime Achievement in Musical Theatre.[188] On June 2, 2016, it was officially announced that Lansbury would return to Broadway in the 2017–18 season in a revival of Enid Bagnold's 1955 play The Chalk Garden. The play will be produced by Scott Rudin at a theatre to-be-announced.[189] However, in an interview published on September 20, 2016, Lansbury stated that she will not be performing in The Chalk Garden, stating, in part: "At my time of life, I've decided that I want to be with family more and being alone in New York doing a play requires an extraordinary amount of time left alone."[190] In February 2017, it was revealed that Lansbury had joined the cast of the upcoming movie Mary Poppins Returns. It is a sequel to the Academy Award-winning 1964 film, set 20 years later in Depression-era London. Filming began at Shepperton Studios
Shepperton Studios
that month and the film is due for release in December 2018.[191] Personality and personal life[edit]

"Ange is classy and elegant, warm and generous, but she's also tough and expects everyone around her to give their all. As far as she is concerned, there is no challenge that can't be at least partially met with a "cuppa" very strong Yorkshire Gold. Working on the stage keeps her vibrant. A healthy regimen keeps her beautiful. What keeps her ageless is her immense curiosity, her exuberance for life, and her tremendous gift for holding on to joy."

 – Friend and co-star Len Cariou, 2012[192]

Lansbury describes herself as "an amalgam of British, Irish and American" although throughout her life she has spoken with an English accent.[5] She holds Irish citizenship.[193] Biographer Martin Gottfried characterized her as "Meticulous. Cautious. Self-editing. Deliberate. It is what the British call reserved",[194] adding that she was "as concerned, as sensitive, and as sympathetic as anyone might want in a friend".[195] Also noting that she had "a profound sense of privacy",[196] he added that she disliked attempts at flattery.[197] Lansbury has been married twice; first to the actor Richard Cromwell, when she was 19 and Cromwell was 35. Cromwell and Lansbury eloped and were married in a small civil ceremony on September 27, 1945. The marriage ended in divorce in 1946, but they remained friends until his death in 1960.[198] In 1949 she married actor Peter Shaw, and they remained together for 54 years until his death in 2003; she asserted that "We had the perfect relationship. Not many people can say that."[199][167] She acquired a step-son, David, from Shaw's first marriage. They had two children of their own, Anthony Peter and Deirdre Ann. While Lansbury repeatedly stated that she wanted to put her children before her career, she admitted that she often had to leave them in California
California
for long periods when she was working elsewhere.[200] She brought up her children to be Episcopalian, although they were not members of a congregation.[201] She has stated that "I believe that God is within all of us; that we are perfect, precious beings, and have to put our faith and trust in that."[201]

Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
in 1950

In the latter part of the 1960s, Anthony and Deirdre became involved in the growing counterculture movement and started using recreational drugs. Deirdre developed an acquaintance with the Manson family, while Anthony became addicted to cocaine and heroin, giving it up in 1971.[202] After recovering, Anthony became a television director, and directed 68 episodes of Murder, She Wrote, also marrying and having three children.[199] Deirdre married a chef and together they opened a restaurant in West Los Angeles.[203] Lansbury is a cousin of the Postgate family, including the animator, writer and social activist Oliver Postgate,[204] as well as the academic and novelist Coral Lansbury, whose son is Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Turnbull.[205] As a young actress, Lansbury was a self-professed homebody,[206] commenting that "I love the world of housekeeping."[207] She preferred spending quiet evenings inside with friends to the Hollywood
Hollywood
night life.[208] Her hobbies at the time included reading, horse riding, playing tennis, cooking and playing the piano, also having a keen interest in gardening.[209] In 2014, it was reported that she continued to enjoy gardening, and also enjoyed doing crosswords.[141] She has cited F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald
as her favourite author,[210] and cited Roseanne
Roseanne
and Seinfeld
Seinfeld
as being among her favorite television shows.[211] Lansbury was an avid letter writer, doing so by hand and making copies of all her correspondences.[212] At Howard Gotlieb's request, Lansbury's papers are housed at the Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center at Boston
Boston
University.[213] She is a supporter of the United States Democratic Party and the British Labour Party.[185] Throughout her career, Lansbury supported a variety of charities, particularly those such as Abused Wives in Crisis that combated domestic abuse and those who worked toward rehabilitating drug users.[214] In the 1980s, she began to support a number of charities engaged in the fight against HIV/AIDS.[215] In early life she had been a chain smoker,[210] giving up the addiction cold turkey in the mid-1960s.[216] In 1976 and 1987 she had cosmetic surgery on her neck to prevent it from broadening with age,[217] but has stated that she has not had surgery to make her face look younger.[141] During the 1990s, she began to suffer from arthritis,[218] in May 1994 had hip replacement surgery,[218] and in 2005 had knee replacement surgery.[219] Recognition and legacy[edit]

"In a career stretching from ingénue to dowager, from elegant heroine to depraved villainess, [Lansbury] has displayed durability and flexibility, as well as a highly admired work ethic."

 – The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance, 2010[220]

In the 1960s, The New York Times
The New York Times
referred to Lansbury as the "First Lady of Musical Theatre".[221] Lansbury described herself as an actress who could also sing,[221] with Sondheim stating that she had a strong voice, albeit with a limited range.[222] Lansbury's authorised biographer Martin Gottfried described her as "an American icon",[196] with a "practically saintly" public image.[223] A 2007 interviewer for The New York Times
The New York Times
described her as "one of the few actors it makes sense to call beloved", noting that a 1994 article in People magazine awarded her a perfect score on its "lovability index".[168] The New Statesman
New Statesman
noted that she "has the kind of pulling power many younger and more ubiquitous actors can only dream of",[184] while an article in The Independent
The Independent
has suggested that she could be considered Britain's most successful actress.[224] She is a gay icon,[75][225] and has asserted that she is "very proud of the fact", attributing her popularity among the LGBT community to her performance in Mame.[75]

Angela Lansbury, star on the Walk of Fame

She has been recognised for her achievements in Britain on multiple occasions; in 2002, the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) gave Lansbury a Lifetime Achievement Award.[226] Lansbury was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(CBE) in the 1994 Birthday Honours,[226] and promoted to Dame
Dame
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(DBE) in the 2014 New Year Honours
2014 New Year Honours
for services to drama, charitable work, and philanthropy.[227] On being made a Dame
Dame
by Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
at Windsor Castle, Lansbury stated: "I'm joining a marvellous group of women I greatly admire like Judi Dench and Maggie Smith. It's a lovely thing to be given that nod of approval by your own country and I really cherish it."[227] Lansbury did not win any of the 18 Emmy Awards (17 of them Primetime Emmy Awards) for which she was nominated over a 33-year period; as of 2009, she held the record for the most Emmy losses by a performer.[228][229] She has been nominated three times for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Supporting Actress but has never won; reflecting on this in 2007, she stated that she was at first "terribly disappointed, but subsequently very glad that [she] did not win", because she believes that she would have otherwise had a less successful career.[230] However, she has received Golden Globe[231] and People's Choice Awards
People's Choice Awards
for her television and film work.[232] In 2013, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
bestowed upon her an Honorary Academy Award
Academy Award
for a lifetime of achievements.[233] Filmography and stage work[edit] Main article: Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
on stage, radio and screen Awards and nominations[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Angela Lansbury Bibliography[edit]

Lansbury, Angela; Avins, Mimi (1990). Angela Lansbury's Positive Moves: My Personal Plan for Fitness and Well-Being. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 978-0-385-30223-4.

See also[edit]

Book: Angela Lansbury

Biography portal Film portal Musical Theatre portal Television in the United States portal Theatre portal

List of American film actresses List of American television actresses List of British actors and actresses List of people from Hampstead List of people from Los Angeles List of people from Malibu, California List of people from New York City List of people from Tower Hamlets List of television producers List of women writers

References[edit] Footnotes[edit]

^ a b "Interview with Mark Lawson". BBC
BBC
Radio 4. February 3, 2014. Archived from the original on September 8, 2016.  "I want to make one thing clear: I was not born in Poplar, that's not true, I was born in Regent's Park, so I wasn't born in the East End, I wish I could say I had been. Certainly my antecedents were: my grandfather, my father." (mins 3–4) ^ "Angela Lansbury: I find Ireland an extraordinarily warm place to live". Irish Post. January 24, 2014. Archived from the original on August 8, 2016.  ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 3; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 3. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 3. ^ a b c d Selby 2014, p. 4. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 3–4; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 5–10; Gottfried 1999, p. 8. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 4; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 3. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 4–5; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 15–20; Gottfried 1999, pp. 9–10. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 5; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 3; Gottfried 1999, p. 7. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 4; Gottfried 1999, pp. 11–15. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 3; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 4; Gottfried 1999, pp. 10–11. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 12; Gottfried 1999, p. 21. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 11–12, 21; Gottfried 1999, pp. 26–28. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 14; Gottfried 1999, p. 24. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 13–14. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 6; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 22; Gottfried 1999, pp. 28–31. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 7; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 24–25; Gottfried 1999, pp. 31–35. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 9; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 25–26; Gottfried 1999, pp. 35–36. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 8–9; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 26; Gottfried 1999, pp. 36–41. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 9; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 29; Gottfried 1999, p. 44. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 29–30; Gottfried 1999, p. 44. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 9; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 32–33; Gottfried 1999, pp. 46–47. ^ a b Gottfried 1999, p. 50. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 11–12; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 36–41; Gottfried 1999, pp. 53–57, 59–62. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 13; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 42; Gottfried 1999, p. 62. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 13; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 43; Gottfried 1999, p. 63. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 14–15; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 45–47; Gottfried 1999, pp. 52–62, 66–69. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 15; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 48–55; Gottfried 1999, pp. 77–79, 81–83. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 23–24; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 81–85; Gottfried 1999, pp. 87–91. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 24–26; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 85–87; Gottfried 1999, pp. 96–97. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 76; Gottfried 1999, p. 85. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 90; Gottfried 1999, p. 101. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 57–62, 64. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 57. ^ a b Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 65–66. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 18–19; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 59; Gottfried 1999, pp. 71–75. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 19–21, 27–33; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 69–71, 75; Gottfried 1999, pp. 79–80, 84, 87, 91–94, 97–99. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 34–35, 37, 41; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 92–93. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 98. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 98–99. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 100. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 37; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 90; Gottfried 1999, pp. 101–102. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 41; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 90; Gottfried 1999, pp. 101–102. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 41. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 37; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 90; Gottfried 1999, p. 102. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 89; Gottfried 1999, p. 104. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 122. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 38; Gottfried 1999, pp. 115–116. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 106. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 50. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 42; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 93–95; Gottfried 1999, p. 103. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 42–44, 49–51; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 95–97; Gottfried 1999, pp. 103–105, 111–112. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 111. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 36; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 98–99; Gottfried 1999, p. 103. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 39, 45–48; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 100; Gottfried 1999, pp. 105–110. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 54–55; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 102–104; Gottfried 1999, pp. 117–122. ^ Gottfried 1999, pp. 120–121. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 51, 53, 56–57; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 107–108; Gottfried 1999, pp. 114–115, 124–125. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 57. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 52–53, 58–59; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 112–116; Gottfried 1999, pp. 112–114, 125–127. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 59–62; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 117–121; Gottfried 1999, pp. 127–130. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 127. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 116. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 130. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 120; Gottfried 1999, p. 130. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 63–64, 65–66; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 109–111. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 67–73; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 122–127; Gottfried 1999, pp. 134–145. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 64–65; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 111–112; Gottfried 1999, p. 149. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 74–76; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 111–112. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 97–98, 105. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 77–79; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 128–132; Gottfried 1999, pp. 149–159. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 133–134; Gottfried 1999, pp. 161–163. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 134; Gottfried 1999, pp. 170–172. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 151. ^ a b c Lydia Richardson (January 25, 2014). "'I'm Proud To Be A Gay Icon!': Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Opens Up in New Interview". Entertainment Wise. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 78. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 135. ^ Kauffmann, Stanley (May 25, 1966). "Theatre: Mame Is Back with a Splash as Musical". The New York Times. p. 41. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 86; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 136. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 79. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 137. ^ a b Bonanno 1987, p. 88. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 138–139. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 139. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 88, 110; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 140–141. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 140–141. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 83–84; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 165–166. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 91–95; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 148–151; Gottfried 1999, pp. 191–195. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 104–106; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 148–151; Gottfried 1999, pp. 202–204; Gilvey 2005, pp. 208–11, 214–17. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 106. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 153. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 96–98; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 155–157; Gottfried 1999, pp. 195–197. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 98–100; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 157–159; Gottfried 1999, p. 197. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 197. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 101–102; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 169; Gottfried 1999, pp. 197–202. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 103; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 167; Gottfried 1999, pp. 205–208. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 106; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 170; Gottfried 1999, pp. 308, 309. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 170. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 215. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 109; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 170, 181–182; Gottfried 1999, pp. 209–212. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 109–111; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 182; Gottfried 1999, pp. 190–191, 217. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 112–116; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 183–187; Gottfried 1999, pp. 219–223. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 183–187. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 117–119, 121; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 187–190; Gottfried 1999, pp. 219–223. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 190–192. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 122–123; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 191–193; Gottfried 1999, pp. 224–227. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 121; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 170, 192; Gottfried 1999, p. 227. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 124–125; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 193–194; Gottfried 1999, p. 231. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 194. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 127–131; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 194–195; Gottfried 1999, p. 231. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 125–126; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 204–205; Gottfried 1999, p. 230. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 132–136; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 196–199; Gottfried 1999, pp. 228–245. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 136, 138; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 201–202. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 145; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 203. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 149–154; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 210–211; Gottfried 1999, pp. 250–251. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 2. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 158–160; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 211–212; Gottfried 1999, pp. 251–253. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 216. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 125–27; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 205; Gottfried 1999, p. 230. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 140–144; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 207–210; Gottfried 1999, pp. 247, 248. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 147; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 205. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 145–147; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 206. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 172; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 206–207. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 153, 155–156; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 214. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 156–157; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 214. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 157; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 214–215. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 156; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 215. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 161; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 217; Gottfried 1999, p. 258. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 162; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 217; Gottfried 1999, p. 261. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 161–163; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 217–218; Gottfried 1999, pp. 254–59. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 219–22. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 226–27. ^ Bonanno 1987, pp. 165–166, 167; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 230–34. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 230–34. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 234. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 218. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 222. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 225–27. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 224–25. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 223. ^ a b c d Selby 2014, p. 6. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 241. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 244; Gottfried 1999, pp. 288–289. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 241–242, 244–245. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 248. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 245; Gottfried 1999, pp. 285–86, 290. ^ a b Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 247. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 248; Gottfried 1999, pp. 297–298. ^ Gottfried 1999, pp. 299–300. ^ Tom Shales (May 19, 1996). "'Murder,' They Wrote Off; A 'Grave Error' by CBS
CBS
Killed Her Show, Leaving Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
to Play A Bittersweet Finale". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 11, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Newcomb, Horace (2014). Encyclopedia of Television (2nd, revised ed.). Routledge. p. 1318. ISBN 978-1-135-19479-6. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017.  ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 235. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 303. ^ Gottfried 1999, pp. 303-06. ^ a b Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 251. ^ Bill Keley (July 5, 1986). "Liberty Receives Classical Salute". Sun Sentinel. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 251–53. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 253. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 253–54. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 255; Gottfried 1999, pp. 292–94. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 254–255; Gottfried 1999, pp. 294–96. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 256. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 178, 257–258. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 296. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 262; Gottfried 1999, p. 292. ^ Kenneth Jones (July 20, 2000). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Withdraws From 'The Visit'; Producers Seek Alternatives". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ a b Kenneth Jones (February 6, 2003). "Peter Shaw, Angela Lansbury's Producer-Agent Husband, Dead at 84". Playbill. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ a b c Jesse Green (April 29, 2007). "Surprising Herself, a Class Act Returns". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ a b Vanessa Thorpe (January 26, 2014). "Angela Lansbury: return of a star who shines ever brighter". The Observer. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015.  ^ Arit John (September 19, 2014). "A Definitive Ranking of Every Emmy-Nominated 'Law & Order: SVU' Guest Star". The Wire. Archived from the original on February 25, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2015.  ^ Selby 2014. ^ Jayme Deerwester (January 13, 2011). "Jim Carrey's Animal Magnetism Attracts 'Mr. Popper's Penguins'". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Ernio Hernandez (May 6, 2007). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
and Marian Seldes Open in McNally's Deuce, May 6". Playbill. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Andrew Gans (June 8, 2007). "Dive Talk: Chatting with Deuce Tony Nominee (and Four-Time Winner) Angela Lansbury". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Ben Brantley (March 16, 2009). "The Medium as the Messenger". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Robert Viagas (June 7, 2009). "Lansbury Wins Fifth Tony; Ties Harris for Most Acting Honors". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Andrew Gans (June 20, 2010). "Zeta-Jones and Lansbury Play Final Performance in Night Music Revival; Peters and Stritch Are in the Wings". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Adam Hetrick (May 18, 2010). "The Sun Will Set on Broadway's A Little Night Music June 20". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Adam Hetrick (May 6, 2010). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
to Receive Honorary Degree from Manhattan
Manhattan
School of Music". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Kenneth Jones (July 22, 2012). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Says Goodbye to The Best Man on July 22". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Andrew Gans (July 31, 2012). "Driving Miss Daisy Will Ride Into Australia with James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Angela Lansbury". Playbill. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Adam Hetrick (November 16, 2013). "Angela Lansbury, Steve Martin
Steve Martin
and More Receive Honorary Academy Awards Nov. 16". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Mark Shenton (March 18, 2014). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Opens in Blithe Spirit March 18, Marking First West End Appearance in Nearly 40 Years". Playbill. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ a b Crampton 2014, p. 16. ^ a b Louise Jury (April 4, 2014). " Dame
Dame
Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
returns to East End roots to host film festival". The Evening Standard. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Andrew Gans (December 14, 2014). "North American Tour of Blithe Spirit, Starring Angela Lansbury, Opens Tonight". Playbill. Archived from the original on January 10, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Mark Shenton (April 12, 2015). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Wins First Olivier Award; Sunny Afternoon Named Best New Musical & Wins 3 More Awards". Playbill. Archived from the original on April 15, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Andrew Gans (July 10, 2015). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Will Be Saluted in Starry NYC Evening This Fall". Playbill. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Viagas, Robert. "Exclusive: Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Confirms Broadway Return in Chalk Garden" Archived October 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Playbill.com, June 2, 2016. ^ "Exclusive: Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Reveals She Won't Return to Broadway in 'THE CHALK GARDEN' Archived October 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. broadwayworld.com, September 20, 2016 ^ "Mary Poppins Returns: Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
joins cast of Disney
Disney
sequel" Archived February 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. independent.co.uk, February 19, 2017 ^ Cariou 2012, p. 200. ^ Daniel McConnell (January 13, 2014). "Irish Cabinet gave green light to Angela Lansbury's dame honour". Irish Independent. Retrieved April 24, 2016.  ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 301. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 302. ^ a b Gottfried 1999, p. xi. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. xiv. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 48–55; Selby 2014, p. 5. ^ a b Selby 2014, p. 5. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 161–164. ^ a b Gottfried 1999, p. 147. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 165–167; Selby 2014, p. 5. ^ Gottfried 1999, pp. 302–303; Selby 2014, p. 5. ^ "Obituaries: Oliver Postgate". The Daily Telegraph. December 9, 2008. Archived from the original on June 15, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Glenn Fowler (April 4, 1991). "Coral Lansbury, 61, a Novelist and Victorian Scholar, Is Dead". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 21. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 74–80. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 74–80; Gottfried 1999, p. 85. ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 22; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 74–80. ^ a b Bonanno 1987, p. 22. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 311. ^ Gottfried 1999, pp. 300–301. ^ Myrna Oliver (December 8, 2005). "Howard Gotlieb, 79; Archivist Collected Personal Papers of Notables of the 20th Century". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Bonanno 1987, p. 137; Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 260. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 260–61. ^ Gottfried 1999, pp. 148–149. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 258. ^ a b Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 259. ^ Robert Simonson (July 12, 2005). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
to Have Knee Surgery". Playbill. Archived from the original on July 15, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Degen 2010. ^ a b Bonanno 1987, p. 131. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. 138. ^ Gottfried 1999, p. xii. ^ Andrew Johnson (June 13, 2010). "Is Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Britain's Most Successful Actress Ever?". Archived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ Maev Kennedy (January 23, 2014). " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
admits 'Murder, She Wrote' will always haunt her". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ a b Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, p. 261. ^ a b "New Year's Honours: Lansbury and Keith become Dames". BBC. December 31, 2013. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ "Can Emmy's Biggest Loser Bill Maher Ever Win?". Los Angeles Times. July 20, 2009. Archived from the original on July 13, 2015. Retrieved October 23, 2009.  ^ She has 17 Primetime Emmy Award nominations per "Angela Lansbury". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "Lansbury Pleased Not To Have Won Oscars". Contact Music. October 23, 2009. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Golden Globe History – 15 Nomination(s), 6 Win(s)" Archived October 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., goldenglobes.org; retrieved April 15, 2011. ^ " Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
Awards – see People's Choice Awards, 1986" Archived January 31, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Internet Movie Database; retrieved April 15, 2011. ^ Gregg Kilday (September 5, 2013). "Oscars: Academy to Honor Angela Lansbury, Steve Martin, Piero Tosi and Angelina Jolie". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

Bonanno, Margaret Wander (1987). Angela Lansbury: A Biography. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-00561-0.  Cariou, Len (April 2012). "Angela Lansbury". Vanity Fair. Vol. 54 no. 4. p. 200.  Crampton, Caroline (April 2014). "Angela Lansbury's Life on the Stage". New Statesman. Vol. 143 no. 5205. p. 16.  Degen, John (2010). "Lansbury, Angela". The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance. Dennis Kennedy (editor). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-172791-7.  Edelman, Rob; Kupferberg, Audrey E. (1996). Angela Lansbury: A Life on Stage and Screen. Secaucus, New Jersey: Carol Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-1-55972-327-5.  Gilvey, John Anthony (2005). Before the Parade Passes By: Gower Champion and the Glorious American Musical. New York City: Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-33776-0.  Gottfried, Martin (1999). Balancing Act: The Authorized Biography of Angela Lansbury. New York: Little, Brown & Company. ISBN 0-316-32225-3.  Selby, John (March 8, 2014). "How death, divorce and drugs have shaped my life". Daily Mail Weekend. pp. 4–6. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Angela Lansbury.

Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
on IMDb Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
at the TCM Movie Database Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
at Rotten Tomatoes Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
at AllMovie Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
at Emmys.com Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
interview video at the Archive of American Television Interview with Christine Amanpour "40 years later, Angela Lansbury returns to the London
London
stage – at 88"

Awards for Angela Lansbury

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Britannia Awards

Excellence in Film

Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1989) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1990) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1992) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1993) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1995) Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1998) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1999) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2000) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2002) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2003) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2004) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2005) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2009) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2010) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2013) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2014) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2015) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2016) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2017)

Excellence in Directing

Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Jim Sheridan (2004) Mike Newell (2005) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(2006) Martin Campbell
Martin Campbell
(2007) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2008) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) David Yates
David Yates
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2013) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2014) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2015) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2016) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2017)

Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment

Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2003) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(2009) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
& Tony Scott
Tony Scott
(2010) John Lasseter
John Lasseter
(2011) Will Wright (2012) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(2013) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2014) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2015) Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
(2016) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(2017)

British Artist of the Year

Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2006) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2007) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2008) Emily Blunt
Emily Blunt
(2009) Michael Sheen
Michael Sheen
(2010) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2011) Daniel Craig
Daniel Craig
(2012) Benedict Cumberbatch
Benedict Cumberbatch
(2013) Emma Watson
Emma Watson
(2014) James Corden
James Corden
(2015) Felicity Jones
Felicity Jones
(2016) Claire Foy (2017)

Excellence in Comedy

Betty White
Betty White
(2010) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2011) Trey Parker
Trey Parker
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2012) Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
(2013) Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(2014) Amy Schumer
Amy Schumer
(2015) Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2016) Aziz Ansari
Aziz Ansari
(2017)

Excellence in Television

Aaron Spelling
Aaron Spelling
(1999) HBO
HBO
Original Programming (2002) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2017)

Humanitarian Award

Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Idris Elba
Idris Elba
(2013) Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo
(2014) Orlando Bloom
Orlando Bloom
(2015) Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2016)

Retired Awards

BBC
BBC
(1999) Tarsem Singh
Tarsem Singh
(1999) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2003) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2004) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(2005) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(2005) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2006) Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne (2007)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical

Imelda de Martin (1964) no award (1965-1968) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
/ Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Sandy Duncan
Sandy Duncan
/ Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
/ Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1971) Jonelle Allen (1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
/ Michele Lee
Michele Lee
(1973) Ruby Lynn Reyner (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Clamma Dale (1977) Nell Carter
Nell Carter
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lena Horne
Lena Horne
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Teresa Stratas
Teresa Stratas
(1987) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1988) Toni DiBuono (1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Carolee Carmello
Carolee Carmello
/ Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Marla Schaffel (2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2006) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
/ Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
/ Montego Glover
Montego Glover
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Laura Osnes
Laura Osnes
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kristin Chenoweth
Kristin Chenoweth
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play

Frances Sternhagen
Frances Sternhagen
(1975) Rachel Roberts (1976) Rosemary De Angelis (1977) Eileen Atkins (1978) Pamela Reed
Pamela Reed
(1979) Lois de Banzie (1980) Swoosie Kurtz
Swoosie Kurtz
(1981) Amanda Plummer
Amanda Plummer
(1982) Judith Ivey (1983) Christine Baranski
Christine Baranski
(1984) Judith Ivey (1985) Joanna Gleason
Joanna Gleason
(1986) Mary Alice
Mary Alice
(1987) Christine Estabrook (1988) Tovah Feldshuh
Tovah Feldshuh
(1989) Frances Conroy
Frances Conroy
(1990) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1991) Christine Baranski
Christine Baranski
(1992) Madeline Kahn
Madeline Kahn
(1993) Jane Adams (1994) Tara Fitzgerald
Tara Fitzgerald
(1995) Elaine Stritch
Elaine Stritch
(1996) Dana Ivey (1997) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(1998) Anna Friel
Anna Friel
(1999) Marylouise Burke (2000) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2001) Katie Finneran
Katie Finneran
(2002) Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(2003) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2004) Adriane Lenox
Adriane Lenox
(2005) Frances de la Tour (2006) Martha Plimpton
Martha Plimpton
(2007) Linda Lavin
Linda Lavin
(2008) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2009) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2010) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2011) Judith Light
Judith Light
(2012) Judith Light
Judith Light
(2013) Celia Keenan-Bolger (2014) Annaleigh Ashford
Annaleigh Ashford
(2015) Saycon Sengbloh (2016) Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture

Katina Paxinou
Katina Paxinou
(1943) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1944) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1945) Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
(1946) Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(1947) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1948) Mercedes McCambridge
Mercedes McCambridge
(1949) Josephine Hull (1950) Kim Hunter
Kim Hunter
(1951) Katy Jurado
Katy Jurado
(1952) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1953) Jan Sterling
Jan Sterling
(1954) Marisa Pavan
Marisa Pavan
(1955) Eileen Heckart (1956) Elsa Lanchester
Elsa Lanchester
(1957) Hermione Gingold
Hermione Gingold
(1958) Susan Kohner
Susan Kohner
(1959) Janet Leigh
Janet Leigh
(1960) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1964) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1965) Jocelyne LaGarde (1966) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1967) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1968) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1969) Karen Black/ Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1970) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1971) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1972) Linda Blair
Linda Blair
(1973) Karen Black
Karen Black
(1974) Brenda Vaccaro
Brenda Vaccaro
(1975) Katharine Ross
Katharine Ross
(1976) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1977) Dyan Cannon
Dyan Cannon
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Joan Hackett
Joan Hackett
(1981) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1982) Cher
Cher
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Meg Tilly
Meg Tilly
(1985) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1988) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1992) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
(1997) Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Kate Hudson
Kate Hudson
(2000) Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Television Series Drama

Linda Cristal
Linda Cristal
(1969) Peggy Lipton
Peggy Lipton
(1970) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1971) Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher
(1972) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1973) Angie Dickinson
Angie Dickinson
(1974) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1975) Susan Blakely
Susan Blakely
(1976) Lesley Ann Warren
Lesley Ann Warren
(1977) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1978) Natalie Wood
Natalie Wood
(1979) Yoko Shimada (1980) Linda Evans/ Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1981) Joan Collins
Joan Collins
(1982) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1983) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1984) Sharon Gless
Sharon Gless
(1985) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1986) Susan Dey
Susan Dey
(1987) Jill Eikenberry
Jill Eikenberry
(1988) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1989) Sharon Gless/ Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1990) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1991) Regina Taylor
Regina Taylor
(1992) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1993) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(1994) Jane Seymour (1995) Gillian Anderson
Gillian Anderson
(1996) Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1997) Keri Russell
Keri Russell
(1998) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(1999) Sela Ward
Sela Ward
(2000) Jennifer Garner
Jennifer Garner
(2001) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2002) Frances Conroy
Frances Conroy
(2003) Mariska Hargitay
Mariska Hargitay
(2004) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
(2005) Kyra Sedgwick
Kyra Sedgwick
(2006) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2007) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
(2008) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(2009) Katey Sagal
Katey Sagal
(2010) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Robin Wright
Robin Wright
(2013) Ruth Wilson
Ruth Wilson
(2014) Taraji P. Henson
Taraji P. Henson
(2015) Claire Foy (2016) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2017)

v t e

Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year

1951–1975

Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1951) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1952) Mamie Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower
(1953) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1954) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1955) Peggy Ann Garner
Peggy Ann Garner
(1956) Carroll Baker
Carroll Baker
(1957) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1958) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1959) Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
(1960) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1961) Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie
(1962) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1963) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1964) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1965) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1966) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1967) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1968) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1969) Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
(1970) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1971) Ruby Keeler
Ruby Keeler
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1974) Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper
(1975)

1976–2000

Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1976) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1977) Beverly Sills
Beverly Sills
(1978) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1979) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1980) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1981) Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1984) Cher
Cher
(1985) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1986) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1987) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1988) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1989) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1990) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1991) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1992) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Meg Ryan
Meg Ryan
(1994) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1997) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1998) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1999) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(2000)

2001–present

Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2001) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2002) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(2003) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2004) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2005) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2006) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2007) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2008) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2009) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2010) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2015) Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington
(2016) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2017) Mila Kunis
Mila Kunis
(2018)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (2000s)

2000

Mikhail Baryshnikov Chuck Berry Plácido Domingo Clint Eastwood Angela Lansbury

2001

Julie Andrews Van Cliburn Quincy Jones Jack Nicholson Luciano Pavarotti

2002

James Earl Jones James Levine Chita Rivera Paul Simon Elizabeth Taylor

2003

James Brown Carol Burnett Loretta Lynn Mike Nichols Itzhak Perlman

2004

Warren Beatty Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
& Ruby Dee Elton John Joan Sutherland John Williams

2005

Tony Bennett Suzanne Farrell Julie Harris Robert Redford Tina Turner

2006

Zubin Mehta Dolly Parton Smokey Robinson Steven Spielberg Andrew Lloyd Webber

2007

Leon Fleisher Steve Martin Diana Ross Martin Scorsese Brian Wilson

2008

Morgan Freeman George Jones Barbra Streisand Twyla Tharp Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
& Roger Daltrey

2009

Mel Brooks Dave Brubeck Grace Bumbry Robert De Niro Bruce Springsteen

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
Award for Best Performance in a Supporting Role

1977–1984

Actor

Nigel Hawthorne (1977) Robert Eddison (1978) Patrick Stewart
Patrick Stewart
(1979) David Threlfall (1980) Joe Melia (1981) David Healy (1982) Alan Devlin (1983) Edward Petherbridge
Edward Petherbridge
(1984)

Actress

Mona Washbourne
Mona Washbourne
(1977) Elizabeth Spriggs (1978) Doreen Mantle (1979) Suzanne Bertish (1980) Gwen Watford
Gwen Watford
(1981) Anna Massey
Anna Massey
(1982) Abigail McKern (1983) Marcia Warren (1984)

1985–1990

Merged

Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
(1985) Paul Jesson (1986) Michael Bryant (1987) Eileen Atkins (1988) Michael Bryant (1989/1990)

1991–1995

Actor

David Bradley (1991) Oleg Menshikov
Oleg Menshikov
(1992) Julian Glover
Julian Glover
(1993) Joseph Mydell (1994) Ken Stott
Ken Stott
(1995)

Actress

Sara Crowe (1991) Frances de la Tour (1992) Barbara Leigh-Hunt (1993) Helen Burns (1994) Dora Bryan
Dora Bryan
(1995)

1996–2002

Actor

Trevor Eve
Trevor Eve
(1997) Roger Allam
Roger Allam
(2000) Ben Daniels (2001) Toby Jones
Toby Jones
(2002)

Actress

Deborah Findlay (1997) Patricia Hodge (2000) Essie Davis (2001) Marcia Warren (2002)

Merged

Simon Russell Beale
Simon Russell Beale
(1996) Sarah Woodward (1998) Brendan Coyle (1999)

2003–2009

Merged

Essie Davis (2003) Warren Mitchell
Warren Mitchell
(2004) Amanda Harris (2005) Noma Dumezweni (2006) Jim Norton (2007) Rory Kinnear
Rory Kinnear
(2008) Patrick Stewart
Patrick Stewart
(2009)

2010–present

Actor

Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2010) Adrian Scarborough (2011) Richard McCabe (2013) Jack Lowden
Jack Lowden
(2014) Nathaniel Parker
Nathaniel Parker
(2015) Mark Gatiss
Mark Gatiss
(2016) Anthony Boyle
Anthony Boyle
(2017)

Actress

Ruth Wilson
Ruth Wilson
(2010) Michelle Terry (2011) Nicola Walker (2013) Sharon D. Clarke (2014) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2015) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2016) Noma Dumezweni (2017)

Merged

Sheridan Smith
Sheridan Smith
(2012)

v t e

National Board of Review
National Board of Review
Award for Best Supporting Actress

Nina Foch
Nina Foch
(1954) Marjorie Rambeau
Marjorie Rambeau
(1955) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1956) Sybil Thorndike
Sybil Thorndike
(1957) Kay Walsh
Kay Walsh
(1958) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1959) Shirley Jones
Shirley Jones
(1960) Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
(1961) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1964) Joan Blondell
Joan Blondell
(1965) Vivien Merchant (1966) Marjorie Rhodes
Marjorie Rhodes
(1967) Virginia Maskell
Virginia Maskell
(1968) Pamela Franklin
Pamela Franklin
(1969) Karen Black
Karen Black
(1970) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1971) Marisa Berenson
Marisa Berenson
(1972) Sylvia Sidney
Sylvia Sidney
(1973) Valerie Perrine
Valerie Perrine
(1974) Ronee Blakley
Ronee Blakley
(1975) Talia Shire
Talia Shire
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Eva Le Gallienne
Eva Le Gallienne
(1980) Mona Washbourne
Mona Washbourne
(1981) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1982) Linda Hunt
Linda Hunt
(1983) Sabine Azéma
Sabine Azéma
(1984) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(1985) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1988) Mary Stuart Masterson
Mary Stuart Masterson
(1989) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1990) Kate Nelligan (1991) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(1992) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1993) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
/ Kristin Scott Thomas
Kristin Scott Thomas
(1996) Anne Heche
Anne Heche
(1997) Christina Ricci
Christina Ricci
(1998) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(1999) Lupe Ontiveros
Lupe Ontiveros
(2000) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2001) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(2002) Patricia Clarkson
Patricia Clarkson
(2003) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2004) Gong Li
Gong Li
(2005) Catherine O'Hara
Catherine O'Hara
(2006) Amy Ryan
Amy Ryan
(2007) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2008) Anna Kendrick
Anna Kendrick
(2009) Jacki Weaver
Jacki Weaver
(2010) Shailene Woodley
Shailene Woodley
(2011) Ann Dowd
Ann Dowd
(2012) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2013) Jessica Chastain
Jessica Chastain
(2014) Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh
(2015) Naomie Harris
Naomie Harris
(2016) Laurie Metcalf
Laurie Metcalf
(2017)

v t e

Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award

1962: Eddie Cantor 1963: Stan Laurel 1965: Bob Hope 1966: Barbara Stanwyck 1967: William Gargan 1968: James Stewart 1969: Edward G. Robinson 1970: Gregory Peck 1971: Charlton Heston 1972: Frank Sinatra 1973: Martha Raye 1974: Walter Pidgeon 1975: Rosalind Russell 1976: Pearl Bailey 1977: James Cagney 1978: Edgar Bergen 1979: Katharine Hepburn 1980: Leon Ames 1982: Danny Kaye 1983: Ralph Bellamy 1984: Iggie Wolfington 1985: Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward 1986: Nanette Fabray 1987: Red Skelton 1988: Gene Kelly 1989: Jack Lemmon 1990: Brock Peters 1991: Burt Lancaster 1992: Audrey Hepburn 1993: Ricardo Montalbán 1994: George Burns 1995: Robert Redford 1996: Angela Lansbury 1997: Elizabeth Taylor 1998: Kirk Douglas 1999: Sidney Poitier 2000: Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and Ruby Dee 2001: Ed Asner 2002: Clint Eastwood 2003: Karl Malden 2004: James Garner 2005: Shirley Temple 2006: Julie Andrews 2007: Charles Durning 2008: James Earl Jones 2009: Betty White 2010: Ernest Borgnine 2011: Mary Tyler Moore 2012: Dick Van Dyke 2013: Rita Moreno 2014: Debbie Reynolds 2015: Carol Burnett 2016: Lily Tomlin 2017: Morgan Freeman

v t e

TCA Career Achievement Award

Grant Tinker
Grant Tinker
(1985) Walter Cronkite
Walter Cronkite
(1986) Hill Street Blues
Hill Street Blues
(1987) David Brinkley
David Brinkley
(1988) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1989) Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1990) Brandon Tartikoff
Brandon Tartikoff
(1991) Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
(1992) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1993) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
(1994) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1995) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1996) Fred Rogers
Fred Rogers
(1997) Roone Arledge (1998) Norman Lear
Norman Lear
(1999) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2000) Sid Caesar
Sid Caesar
(2001) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(2002) Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
(2003) Don Hewitt
Don Hewitt
(2004) Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(2005) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(2006) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(2007) Lorne Michaels
Lorne Michaels
(2008) Betty White
Betty White
(2009) James Garner
James Garner
(2010) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2011) David Letterman
David Letterman
(2012) Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(2013) James Burrows (2014) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(2015) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(2016) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
(2017)

v t e

Television Hall of Fame Class of 1996

Edward Asner Steven Bochco Marcy Carsey and Tom Werner Charles Kuralt Angela Lansbury Aaron Spelling Lew Wasserman

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical

Grace Hartman (1948) Nanette Fabray
Nanette Fabray
(1949) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1950) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1951) Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1952) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1953) Dolores Gray
Dolores Gray
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1956) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1957) Thelma Ritter
Thelma Ritter
/ Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1958) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1959) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1960) Elizabeth Seal (1961) Anna Maria Alberghetti
Anna Maria Alberghetti
/ Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
(1962) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1963) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1964) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1966) Barbara Harris (1967) Patricia Routledge / Leslie Uggams
Leslie Uggams
(1968) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
(1971) Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
(1973) Virginia Capers (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
(1977) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No Award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Maryann Plunkett (1987) Joanna Gleason
Joanna Gleason
(1988) Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown
(1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Idina Menzel
Idina Menzel
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) LaChanze
LaChanze
(2006) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Alice Ripley
Alice Ripley
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Patina Miller
Patina Miller
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kelli O'Hara
Kelli O'Hara
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play

Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1947) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1949) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1951) Marian Winters (1952) Beatrice Straight (1953) Jo Van Fleet
Jo Van Fleet
(1954) Patricia Jessel (1955) Una Merkel
Una Merkel
(1956) Peggy Cass
Peggy Cass
(1957) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1958) Julie Newmar
Julie Newmar
(1959) Anne Revere
Anne Revere
(1960) Colleen Dewhurst
Colleen Dewhurst
(1961) Elizabeth Ashley
Elizabeth Ashley
(1962) Sandy Dennis (1963) Barbara Loden
Barbara Loden
(1964) Alice Ghostley
Alice Ghostley
(1965) Zoe Caldwell (1966) Marian Seldes
Marian Seldes
(1967) Zena Walker
Zena Walker
(1968) Jane Alexander
Jane Alexander
(1969) Blythe Danner
Blythe Danner
(1970) Rae Allen (1971) Elizabeth Wilson
Elizabeth Wilson
(1972) Leora Dana
Leora Dana
(1973) Frances Sternhagen
Frances Sternhagen
(1974) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1975) Shirley Knight
Shirley Knight
(1976) Trazana Beverley (1977) Ann Wedgeworth (1978) Joan Hickson
Joan Hickson
(1979) Dinah Manoff (1980) Swoosie Kurtz
Swoosie Kurtz
(1981) Amanda Plummer
Amanda Plummer
(1982) Judith Ivey (1983) Christine Baranski
Christine Baranski
(1984) Judith Ivey (1985) Swoosie Kurtz
Swoosie Kurtz
(1986) Mary Alice
Mary Alice
(1987) L. Scott Caldwell
L. Scott Caldwell
(1988) Christine Baranski
Christine Baranski
(1989) Margaret Tyzack
Margaret Tyzack
(1990) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1991) Bríd Brennan (1992) Debra Monk
Debra Monk
(1993) Jane Adams (1994) Frances Sternhagen
Frances Sternhagen
(1995) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(1996) Lynne Thigpen
Lynne Thigpen
(1997) Anna Manahan (1998) Elizabeth Franz (1999) Blair Brown
Blair Brown
(2000) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2001) Katie Finneran
Katie Finneran
(2002) Michele Pawk (2003) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2004) Adriane Lenox
Adriane Lenox
(2005) Frances de la Tour (2006) Jennifer Ehle
Jennifer Ehle
(2007) Rondi Reed
Rondi Reed
(2008) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2009) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2010) Ellen Barkin
Ellen Barkin
(2011) Judith Light
Judith Light
(2012) Judith Light
Judith Light
(2013) Sophie Okonedo
Sophie Okonedo
(2014) Annaleigh Ashford
Annaleigh Ashford
(2015) Jayne Houdyshell
Jayne Houdyshell
(2016) Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 79167035 LCCN: n85281286 ISNI: 0000 0000 7829 0387 GND: 11945176X SUDOC: 110491777 BNF: cb13896334d (data) MusicBrainz: 12b0c33b-37de-4c56-9041-d27f9466381b NKC: xx0072714 BNE: XX993

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