Alamance County, North Carolina
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Alamance County
, from the North Carolina Collection's website at the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC, UNC-Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Chapel Hill, or simply Carolina) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information f ...
. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
is a
county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ...
in
North Carolina North Carolina () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily news ...

North Carolina
. As of the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, the population was 151,131. Its
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township, commune is located. In countries with Fre ...
is
Graham Graham and Graeme may refer to: People * Graham (given name) Graham () is a masculine given name in the English language. According to some sources, it comes from an Old English word meaning or referring to a "grey home", or "gravel homestead" ...
. Formed in 1849 from Orange County to the east, Alamance County has been the site of significant
historical events History (from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''historia'', meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. Events occurring before the History of writing#Inventions of writing, invention of writing systems are considered ...

historical events
,
textile manufacturing Textile manufacturing is a major Textile industry, industry. It is largely based on the conversion of fibre into yarn, then yarn into fabric. These are then Dyeing, dyed or printed, fabricated into cloth which is then converted into useful good ...
, and
agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise trends, Increases in sedentary behaviors su ...

agriculture
. Alamance County comprises the Burlington
Metropolitan Statistical Area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area#REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density a ...
, which is also included in the
Greensboro Greensboro (; formerly Greensborough) is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the cen ...
-
Winston-Salem Winston-Salem is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledg ...

Winston-Salem
- High Point
Combined Statistical Area Combined statistical area (CSA) is a United States Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent ...
. The 2018 estimated population of the metropolitan area was 166,436.


History

Before being formed as a county, the region had at least one known small Southeastern tribe of
Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
in the 18th century, the
Sissipahaw The Sissipahaw or Haw Tribe were most likely a Siouan tribe of North Carolina. They are also variously recorded as ''Saxahapaw'', ''Sauxpa'', ''Sissipahaus'', etc. Their settlements were generally located in the vicinity of modern-day Saxapahaw, ...

Sissipahaw
, who lived in the area bounded by modern Saxapahaw, the area known as the Hawfields, and the
Haw River The Haw River is a tributary of the Cape Fear River, approximately 110 mi (177 km) long, that is entirely contained in north central North Carolina in the United States. It was first documented as the "Hau River" by John Lawson (explor ...
. European settlers entered the region in the late 17th century chiefly following Native American trading paths, and set up their farms in what they called the "Haw Old Fields", fertile ground previously tilled by the Sissipahaw. The paths later became the basis of the railroad and interstate highway routes. Alamance County was named after
Great Alamance Creek Great Alamance Creek, also called Big Alamance Creek, is a 37-mile longMeasurement Tool on Alamance County GIS found on theAlamance County Website/ref> stream, creek that is a tributary of the Haw River. The creek's headwaters are in Guilford Co ...
, site of the
Battle of Alamance The Battle of Alamance, which took place on May 16, 1771, was the final battle of the Regulator Movement The Regulator Movement, also known as the Regulator Insurrection, War of Regulation, and War of the Regulation, was an uprising in Provinc ...
(May 16, 1771), a pre-Revolutionary War battle in which militia under the command of Governor
William Tryon Lieutenant General Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star rank, three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general w ...
crushed the
Regulator movement The Regulator Movement, also known as the Regulator Insurrection, War of Regulation, and War of the Regulation, was an uprising in Province of North Carolina, Provincial North Carolina from 1766 to 1771 in which citizens took up arms against colo ...

Regulator movement
. Great Alamance Creek, and in turn Little Alamance Creek, according to legend, were named after a local Indian word to describe the blue mud found at the bottom of the creeks. Other legends say the name came from another local Indian word meaning "noisy river", or for the
Alamanni The Alemanni (also ''Alamanni''; ''Suebi'' "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribe This list of ancient s is an inventory of ancient Germanic cultures, tribal groupings and other alliances of Germanic tribes and civilisations in anci ...
region of
Rhineland The Rhineland (german: Rheinland; french: Rhénanie; nl, Rijnland; ksh, Rhingland; Latinised name: ''Rhenania'') is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly Middle Rhine, its middle section. Term ...

Rhineland
,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
, where many of the early settlers came from. During the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
, several small battles and skirmishes occurred in the area that became Alamance County, several of them during the lead-up to the
Battle of Guilford Court House The Battle of Guilford Court House was fought on March 15, 1781, during the American Revolutionary War, at a site which is now in Greensboro, North Carolina, Greensboro, the seat of Guilford County, North Carolina. A 2,100-man British force und ...

Battle of Guilford Court House
, including
Pyle's Massacre #REDIRECT Pyle's Massacre Pyle's massacre, also known as Pyle's defeat, Pyle's hacking match, or the Battle of Haw River, was fought during the American Revolutionary War in Orange County, North Carolina, (present-day Alamance County) on February 2 ...
, the Battle of Lindley's Mill, and the Battle of Clapp's Mill. In the 1780s, the
Occaneechi The Occaneechi (also Occoneechee and Akenatzy) are Native Americans Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans ...
Indians returned to North Carolina from
Virginia Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), '' ...

Virginia
, this time settling in what is now Alamance County rather than their first location near . In 2002, the modern Occaneechi tribe bought of their ancestral land in Alamance County and began a Homeland Preservation Project that includes a village reconstructed as it would have been in 1701 and a 1930s farming village. During the early 19th century, the
textile A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, ...

textile
industry grew heavily in the area, so the need for better transportation grew. By the 1840s, several mills were set up along the
Haw River The Haw River is a tributary of the Cape Fear River, approximately 110 mi (177 km) long, that is entirely contained in north central North Carolina in the United States. It was first documented as the "Hau River" by John Lawson (explor ...
and near
Great Alamance Creek Great Alamance Creek, also called Big Alamance Creek, is a 37-mile longMeasurement Tool on Alamance County GIS found on theAlamance County Website/ref> stream, creek that is a tributary of the Haw River. The creek's headwaters are in Guilford Co ...
and other major tributaries of the Haw. Between 1832 and 1880, at least 14 major mills were powered by these rivers and streams. Mills were built by the Trollinger, Holt, Newlin, Swepson, and Rosenthal families, among others. One of them, built in 1832 by Ben Trollinger, is still in operation. It is owned by Copland Industries, sits in the unincorporated community of Carolina and is the oldest continuously operating mill in North Carolina. One notable textile produced in the area was the "Alamance plaids" or "Glencoe plaids" used in everything from clothing to
tablecloth A tablecloth is a cloth A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, kn ...

tablecloth
s. The Alamance Plaids manufactured by textile pioneer Edwin M. Holt were the first colored cotton goods produced on power looms in the South, and paved the way for the region's textile boom. (Holt's home is now the Alamance County Historical Society.) But by the late 20th century, most of the plants and mills had gone out of business, including the mills operated by
Burlington Industries Burlington Industries is a diversified American fabric A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibre Fiber or fibre (from la, fibra, links ...
, a company based in Burlington. By the 1840s, the textile industry was booming, and the railroad was being built through the area as a convenient link between
Raleigh Raleigh (; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lo ...
and
Greensboro Greensboro (; formerly Greensborough) is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the cen ...
. The county was formed on January 29, 1849 from Orange County.


Civil War

In March 1861, Alamance County residents voted overwhelmingly against North Carolina's secession from the Union, 1,114 to 254. Two delegates were sent to the State Secession Convention, Thomas Ruffin and , who both opposed secession, as did most of the delegates sent to the convention.http://members.aol.com/jweaver303/nc/convvote.htm At the time of the convention, around 30% of Alamance County's population were slaves (total population around 12,000, including roughly 3,500 slaves and. 500 free blacks). North Carolina was reluctant to join other Southern states in secession until the
Battle of Fort Sumter The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–13, 1861) was the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the South Carolina militia (the Confederate Army did not yet exist), and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by th ...
in April 1861. When Lincoln called up troops, replied, "I can be no party to this wicked violation of the laws of the country and to this war upon the liberties of a free people. You can get no troops from North Carolina." After a special legislative session, North Carolina's legislature unanimously voted for secession on May 20, 1861. No battles took place in Alamance County, but it sent its share of soldiers to the front lines. In July 1861, for the first time in American history, soldiers were sent in to combat by rail. The 6th North Carolina was loaded onto railroad cars at Company Shops and transferred to the battlefront at
Manassas, Virginia Manassas (; formerly Manassas Junction) is an independent city An independent city or independent town is a city or town that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity (such as a province). Historical precursors ...
(
First Battle of Manassas #REDIRECT First Battle of Bull Run #REDIRECT First Battle of Bull Run The First Battle of Bull Run (the name used by Union forces), also known as the Battle of First ManassasBennett Place Bennett Place, Durham, North Carolina, was the site of the last surrender of a major Confederate army in the American Civil War, when Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to William T. Sherman. The first meeting (April 17, 1865) saw Sherman agreeing to ...

Bennett Place
near Durham. At Company Shops, General Joseph E. Johnston stopped to say farewell to his soldiers for the last time. By the end of the war, 236 people from Alamance County had been killed in the course of the war, more than any other war since the county's founding.


Aftermath

Some of the Civil War's most significant effects were seen after it ended. Alamance County briefly became a center of national attention when in 1870 Wyatt Outlaw, an
African-American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being t ...
town commissioner in
Graham Graham and Graeme may refer to: People * Graham (given name) Graham () is a masculine given name in the English language. According to some sources, it comes from an Old English word meaning or referring to a "grey home", or "gravel homestead" ...
, was lynched by the "White Brotherhood", the
Ku Klux Klan The Ku Klux Klan (), commonly shortened to the KKK or the Klan, is an American white supremacist White supremacy or white supremacism is the belief that white people White is a racial classification and skin color specifier, gene ...
. He was president of the Alamance County Union League of America (a progressive reform branch of the Federal Government), helped to establish the Republican party in North Carolina, and advocated establishing a school for African Americans. His offense was that Governor William Holden had appointed him a
justice of the peace A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer A judicial officer is a person with the responsibilities and powers to facilitate, arbitrate, preside over, and make decisions and directions in regard to the application of the law. Judicial ...
, and he had accepted the appointment. Outlaw's body was found hanging 30 yards from the courthouse, with a note pinned to his chest reading, "Beware! You guilty parties – both white and black." Outlaw was the central figure in political cooperation between blacks and whites in the county. Holden declared Caswell County in a state of
insurrection Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behavio ...
(July 8) and sent troops to Caswell and Alamance Counties under the command of Union veteran George W. Kirk, beginning the so-called Kirk-Holden War. Kirk's troops ultimately arrested 82 men. The Grand Jury of Alamance County indicted 63 klansmen for felonies and 18 for the murder of Wyatt Outlaw. Soon after the indictments were brought, Democrats in the legislature passed a bill to repeal the law under which the indictments had been secured. The 63 felony charges were dropped. The Democratic Party then used a national program of "Amnesty and Pardon" to proclaim amnesty for all who committed crimes on behalf of a secret society. This was extended to the klansmen of Alamance County. There would be no justice in the case of Wyatt Outlaw. Holden's support for Reconstruction led to his
impeachment Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) ...
and removal by the North Carolina Legislature in 1871.


Dairy industry

The county was once the state leader in
dairy A dairy is a business enterprise Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (such as goods and services). Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profi ...

dairy
production. Several dairies including Melville Dairy in Burlington were headquartered in the county. With increasing real estate prices and a slump in milk prices, most dairy farms have been sold and many of them developed for real estate purposes.


World War II and the Cold War

During
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
,
Fairchild Aircraft Fairchild was an American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York; Hagerstown, Maryland; and San Antonio, Texas. History Early aircraft The company was founded by ...
built airplanes at a plant on the eastern side of Burlington. Among the planes built there was the AT-21 gunner, used to train bomber pilots. Near the Fairchild plant was the
Western Electric The Western Electric Company was an American electrical engineering Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use electricity, electronics ...
Burlington works. During the
Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country loc ...
, the plant built radar equipment and guidance systems for missiles and many other electronics for the government, including the guidance system for the
Titan Titan most often refers to: * Titan (moon), the largest moon of Saturn * Titans, a race of deities in Greek mythology Titan or Titans may also refer to: Arts and entertainment Fictional entities Fictional locations * Titan in fiction, fictional ...
missile. The plant closed in 1992 and sat abandoned until 2005, when it was purchased by a local businessman for manufacturing. The USS ''Alamance'', a ''Tolland''-class attack cargo ship, was built during and served in and after World War II.


21st Century

Alamance County's population has grown significantly, with the city of Mebane tripling in size between 1990 and 2020. The county has seen significant business and industry growth, including the additions of the North Carolina Commerce Park and the North Carolina Industrial Center, as well as new retail opportunities near Interstate 85/40 on the eastern (Tanger Outlets) and western (University Commons and Alamance Crossing) sides of the county. Some growth has been attributed to illegal immigration, which has led to ongoing legal issues. In 2012, the Department of Justice found the Alamance County Sheriff's Office to use discriminatory policing, however the case was dismissed by U.S. District Court Judge Thomas D. Schroeder, finding that the government failed to demonstrate that the ACSO had engaged in discriminatory policing. Beginning in 2014, the county has been home to a number of political demonstrations. In October, 2020, during a demonstration prior to the 2020 United States presidential election, 2020 United States Presidential Election, Alamance County sheriff's deputies and Graham police used pepper spray against crowd members. Law enforcement reported that pepper spray had been deployed to disperse the crowd following an assault on an officer who was trying to shut down a generator the march organizers had brought, in violation of a signed agreement.


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which are land and (2.5%) are covered by water. The county is in the Piedmont (United States), Piedmont physiographical region. It has a general rolling terrain with the Cane Creek Mountains rising to over GIS System Contours found on th
Alamance County Website
/ref> in the south-central part of the county just north of Snow Camp, North Carolina, Snow Camp. Bass Mountain, one of the prominent hills in the range, is home to a world-renowned bluegrass music festival every year. Also, isolated monadnocks are in the northern part of the county that rise to near or over above sea level. The largest river that flows through Alamance County is the Haw River, North Carolina, Haw, which feeds into Jordan Lake in Chatham County, North Carolina, Chatham County, eventually leading to the Cape Fear River. The county is also home to numerous creeks, streams, and ponds, including
Great Alamance Creek Great Alamance Creek, also called Big Alamance Creek, is a 37-mile longMeasurement Tool on Alamance County GIS found on theAlamance County Website/ref> stream, creek that is a tributary of the Haw River. The creek's headwaters are in Guilford Co ...
, where a portion of the
Battle of Alamance The Battle of Alamance, which took place on May 16, 1771, was the final battle of the Regulator Movement The Regulator Movement, also known as the Regulator Insurrection, War of Regulation, and War of the Regulation, was an uprising in Provinc ...
was fought. The three large municipal reservoirs are: Lake Cammack, Lake Mackintosh, and Graham-Mebane Lake (formerly Quaker Lake). The southwest end of the county is drained by North Rocky River Prong and Greenbrier Creek (Rocky River tributary), Greenbrier Creek, two tributaries of the Rocky River (Deep River tributary), Rocky River in the Deep River (North Carolina), Deep River system.


Adjacent counties

* Caswell County, North Carolina, Caswell County - north * Orange County - east * Chatham County, North Carolina, Chatham County - southeast and south * Randolph County, North Carolina, Randolph County - southwest * Guilford County, North Carolina, Guilford County - west * Rockingham County, North Carolina, Rockingham County - northwest


Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 151,131 people, 59,960 households, and 39,848 families residing in the county. The population density was 347.4 people per square mile (134.1/km2). There were 66,055 housing units at an average density of 151.9 per square mile (58.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.1% Race (United States Census), White, 18.8% Race (United States Census), Black or Race (United States Census), African American, 0.7% Race (United States Census), Native American, 1.2% Race (United States Census), Asian, 0.02% Race (United States Census), Pacific Islander, 6.1% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. 11% of the population were Race (United States Census), Hispanic or Race (United States Census), Latino of any race. There were 59,960 households, out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were Marriage, married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 26.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.7% under the age of 19, 7.2% from 20 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,430, and the median income for a family was $54,605. Males had a median income of $31,906 versus $23,367 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,477. About 13.7% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.


Communities

File:Comté_d'Alamance.png, 400px, Clickable map of the communitie
Click to enlarge
poly 223 253 335 258 359 272 333 299 306 302 297 365 283 373 120 370 111 343 185 312 135 316 185 311 Burlington poly 161 268 157 292 137 302 173 304 208 257 Elon, North Carolina, Elon poly 151 248 150 288 108 305 97 257 Gibsonville, North Carolina, Gibsonville poly 314 307 362 305 365 325 409 320 421 378 370 386 304 423
Graham Graham and Graeme may refer to: People * Graham (given name) Graham () is a masculine given name in the English language. According to some sources, it comes from an Old English word meaning or referring to a "grey home", or "gravel homestead" ...
poly 542 217 522 223 515 273 460 311 452 336 474 350 542 345 559 309 576 268 Mebane, North Carolina, Mebane poly 412 223 383 234 401 249 428 247 428 233 Green Level, North Carolina, Grenn Level poly 399 254 391 272 355 295 367 304 407 315 425 286 Haw River, North Carolina, Haw River poly 169 136 152 140 152 157 185 171 Ossipee, North Carolina, Ossipee poly 393 386 378 408 392 426 436 411 436 399 Swepsonville, North Carolina, Swepsonville desc bottom-left


Cities

* Burlington *
Graham Graham and Graeme may refer to: People * Graham (given name) Graham () is a masculine given name in the English language. According to some sources, it comes from an Old English word meaning or referring to a "grey home", or "gravel homestead" ...
(county seat) * Mebane, North Carolina, Mebane (portion)


Towns

* Elon, North Carolina, Elon * Gibsonville, North Carolina, Gibsonville (portion) * Green Level, North Carolina, Green Level * Haw River, North Carolina, Haw River * Ossipee, North Carolina, Ossipee * Swepsonville, North Carolina, Swepsonville


Village

* Alamance, North Carolina, Alamance


Townships

The county is divided into thirteen township (United States), townships, which are both numbered and named. * 1 (Patterson) * 2 (Coble) * 3 (Boone Station) * 4 (Morton) * 5 (Faucette) * 6 (Graham) * 7 (Albright) * 8 (Newlin) * 9 (Thompson) * 10 (Melville) * 11 (Pleasant Grove) * 12 (Burlington) * 13 (Haw River)


Census-designated places

* Altamahaw, North Carolina, Altamahaw * Glen Raven, North Carolina, Glen Raven * Saxapahaw * Woodlawn, North Carolina, Woodlawn


Unincorporated communities

Over 54,000 people do not live in an incorporated community in Alamance County. * Bellemont, North Carolina, Bellemont * Carolina * Dogwood Acres, Alamance County, North Carolina, Dogwood Acres * Eli Whitney, North Carolina, Eli Whitney * Glencoe, North Carolina, Glencoe * Hawfields, North Carolina, Hawfields * Mandale, North Carolina, Mandale * Mount Hermon, Alamance County, North Carolina, Mount Hermon * Pleasant Grove, Alamance County, North Carolina, Pleasant Grove * Snow Camp, North Carolina, Snow Camp


Ghost towns

According to a 1975 study of the history of post offices in North Carolina by Treasure Index, Alamance County has 27 ghost towns that existed in the 18th and 19th centuries. Additionally, five other post offices no longer exist. These towns and their post offices were either abandoned as organized settlements or absorbed into the larger communities that now make up Alamance County. * Albright - site located approximately south of exit 153 on Interstate 40 * Carney - Near the site of Cedarock Park Historic District, Cedarock Park * Cane Creek * Cedarcliff - between Swepsonville, NC, Swepsonville and Saxapahaw * Clover Orchard - approximately northeast of Snow Camp, North Carolina, Snow Camp * Curtis (Curtis Mills) - approximately 1/2 mile southeast of the village of Alamance, North Carolina, Alamance * Glenddale - approximately north of Pleasant Grove, Alamance County, North Carolina, Pleasant Grove near the Alamance-Caswell County, North Carolina, Caswell county line * Hartshorn - about 1½ miles south-southeast of the Alamance Battleground Historic Site * Holmans Mills - approximately east of Snow Camp * Iola - about east of Altamahaw, nearly due north of Glencoe * Lacey - about east of Eli Whitney * Leota - approximately south of Eli Whitney, North Carolina, Eli Whitney * Loy - at the northern base of Cane Creek Mountains, Bass Mountain * Manndale * Maywood - approximately northeast of Altamahaw * McCray (McRay) - about east-northeast of Glencoe, North Carolina, Glencoe * Melville - approximately west-southwest of the intersection of Interstate 40 and NC Highway 119 * Morton's Store - approximately north of Altamahaw, North Carolina, Altamahaw * Nicholson - near the intersection of North Carolina Highway 87, NC Highway 87 and Bellemont-Mount Hermon Road * Oakdale - in the southwest of the county, near the intersection of NC Highway 49 and Greensboro-Chapel Hill Road * Oneida * Osceola * Pleasant Grove - in the far northeast part of the county, east-northeast of the current Pleasant Grove * Pleasant Lodge - to the west of the site of Oakdale, near the Alamance-Guilford County, North Carolina, Guilford county line * Rock Creek - due south of Alamance * Shallow Ford - east of Ossipee, North Carolina, Ossipee * Shady Grove * Stainback - about east-northeast of Green Level, North Carolina, Green Level * Sutpin - on the same latitude as Snow Camp, approximately halfway between Snow Camp and Eli Whitney * Sylvester * Union Ridge - near the east bank of Lake Cammack, about from the Alamance-Caswell county line * Vincent - north-northeast of Pleasant Grove


Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 United States census, 2010 census of Alamance County. † ''county seat''


Politics and government

Lying between overwhelmingly liberal and Democratic Orange County and Durham County, North Carolina, Durham County to the east, equally Democratic Guilford County, North Carolina, Guilford County to the west, and heavily conservative and Republican Randolph County, North Carolina, Randolph County to the southwest, Alamance leans Republican, though not as overwhelmingly as many other suburban counties in the Piedmont Triad. The last Democratic nominee for president to carry Alamance County was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Alamance County is a member of the regional North Carolina Councils of Governments#Region G: Piedmont Triad Council of Governments, Piedmont Triad Council of Governments. The county is led by the Alamance County Board of Commissioners and the County Manager, who is appointed by the Board of Commissioners. County residents also elect two other county government offices: the Sheriff and Register of Deeds. Alamance County has provided North Carolina with three of its List of Governors of North Carolina, governors and two US Congressional Delegations from North Carolina#United States Senate, U. S. senators: Thomas Michael Holt, Governor Thomas Holt, W. Kerr Scott, Governor and U. S. Senator Kerr Scott, Robert W. Scott, Governor Robert W. (Bob) Scott (Kerr Scott's son), and B. Everett Jordan, U. S. Senator B. Everett Jordan.


County manager

Alamance County adopted the council-manager form of government in the 1970s, where the day-to-day management of county business is done by an individual hired by the commissioners' board. Since the establishment of the office, the following persons have served as county managers:


Current manager

Bryan Hagood (March 2017 – present).


Past managers

* Craig Honeycutt (April 2009 - March 2017) * David I. Smith (August 2005 - December 2008) * David S. Cheek (July 1998 - June 2005) * Robert C. Smith * Hal Larry Scott * D. J. Walker Walker and David Smith held dual roles as county manager and county attorney during their terms.


Arts and recreation


The arts

The Paramount Theater serves as a center of dramatic presentations in the community. To the south there is the Snow Camp, North Carolina, Snow Camp Outdoor Drama which has plays from late spring to early fall in the evenings. Alamance County is also home to the Haw River Ballroom, a large music and arts venue in Saxapahaw.


Parks

Alamance County, Burlington, Graham, Elon, Haw River, Swepsonville, and Mebane all have small parks that are not listed here. Major parks include: * Cedarock Park, located south of the intersection of Interstate 85/40 and NC Highway 49. The park is home to the Cedarock Park Historic District, Cedarock Historic Farm, an old mill dam, and two disc golf courses. * Great Bend Park at Glencoe, located north of the intersection of US Highway 70, and NC Highways 87, 62, and 100 in downtown Burlington. Great Bend Park contains parts of the Haw River Trail, Haw River Land and Paddle Trails and the Mountains-to-Sea Trail, along with picnicking, fishing, and other opportunities. The park was built around the site of the Glencoe, North Carolina, Glencoe Mills, an area that is currently under renovation with an old mill that has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Sports


Professional

The Burlington Royals are a Minor league baseball, rookie league baseball farm team based in Burlington. They were previously known as the Burlington Indians, but changed affiliations in 2006 from Cleveland Indians, Cleveland to Kansas City Royals, Kansas City. This version of the team has been active since 1985, but Burlington hosted a minor league baseball team for many years under the Burlington Indians and Burlington Bees.


Collegiate

The Elon University Phoenix (mythology), Phoenix play in the town of Elon. The Phoenix compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, NCAA's Division I (Football Championship Subdivision, Championship Subdivision in football) Colonial Athletic Association. Intercollegiate sports include baseball, basketball, cross country running, cross-country, American football, football, golf, football (soccer), soccer, and tennis for men, and basketball, cross-country, golf, indoor Track and field, track, outdoor track, soccer, softball, tennis, and volleyball for women.


Economy

Today, Alamance County is often described as a "bedroom" community, with many residents living in the county and working elsewhere due to low tax rates, although the county is still a major player in the textile and manufacturing industries. The current county-wide tax rate for Alamance County residents is 58.0 Cent (currency), cents per $100 valuation. This does not include tax rates imposed by municipalities or fire districts. The top employers in Alamance County are:


Education

Alamance County is served by the Alamance-Burlington School System, several private elementary and secondary schools, Alamance Community College, and Elon University.


Transportation

Alamance County has several state and federal highways running through it.


Interstates and U.S. highways

Going east-west in the county: * Interstate 85 / Interstate 40 (concurrent), also known as the Sam Hunt Freeway, named after a former North Carolina Secretary of Transportation. Interstates 85/40 run east-to-west through the central part of the county. * U.S. Route 70 in North Carolina, U.S. Highway 70. Highway 70 nearly parallels 85/40 a few miles north of the interstates as it passes through the downtown sections of Burlington, Haw River, and Mebane.


N.C. state highways

* North Carolina State Highway 49, N.C. Highway 49 runs southwest to northeast from the Liberty, NC, Liberty area (Randolph County), through Burlington, Graham, and Haw River, to the Pleasant Grove Community area, before turning northeast and continuing into Orange County, NC, Orange County. * North Carolina State Highway 54, N.C. Highway 54 runs from its northwestern end at its intersection with U.S. Highway 70 in Burlington southeast to the Orange County line in the southeast part of the county. * North Carolina State Highway 62, N.C. Highway 62 runs southwest to northeast entering from Guilford County, NC, Guilford County into Kimesville, then through Burlington, to Pleasant Grove. It then turns north and heads to Caswell County, NC, Caswell County. * North Carolina State Highway 87, N.C. Highway 87 serves as the main north–south route through the county. It enters from the south at the Chatham County line into Eli Whitney, then through the major cities of Graham and Burlington, and a small part of Elon, before continuing north and heading through the Altamahaw-Ossipee area, finally moving into Caswell and Rockingham Counties. * North Carolina Highway 100, N.C. Highway 100 forms a loop through downtown Burlington, starting at the intersection of Maple Avenue and Chapel Hill Road before moving north, then northwest, then going through Elon and moving on to Gibsonville, NC, Gibsonville and Guilford County, NC, Guilford County. * North Carolina Highway 119, N.C. Highway 119 runs roughly north from its southern terminus at an intersection with N.C. Highway 54, moving through Mebane and heading north into Caswell County.


Notable people

* Jacob Brent, born in Graham, starred as "Mr. Mistoffelees" in the Broadway theatre, Broadway and movie version of Andrew Lloyd Webber's ''Cats (musical), Cats'' * Billy Bryan, Center for the Denver Broncos, from 1977 to 1988 grew up in Burlington. * Several generations of Alex Haley's family may have lived in Alamance County, as noted in his 1976 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel ''Roots: The Saga of an American Family'' - coming from Africa to
Virginia Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), '' ...

Virginia
, to Caswell County, NC, Caswell County to Alamance County and moving to Tennessee after the Emancipation Proclamation. * Thomas Michael Holt, Governor of North Carolina from 1891 to 1893 * John "John Boy" Isley, born and raised in Graham, "John Boy" of the John Boy and Billy Show * Charley Jones, born in Alamance County, Major League Baseball player * B. Everett Jordan, U. S. senator (Class 2) from 1958 to 1973 * Don Kernodle, born in Burlington, five-time NWA champion and tag team partner of Sgt Slaughter; appeared in ''Paradise Alley'' with Sylvester Stallone * Jack McKeon, manager of the 2003 World Series champion Florida Marlins * Blanche Taylor Moore, convicted murderer, whose life story was portrayed in the television movie "Black Widow: The Blanche Taylor Moore Story", starring Elizabeth Montgomery * Meg Scott Phipps, North Carolina Agriculture Commissioner (2001–2003) * Tequan Richmond, born in Burlington, stars as Drew Rock in ''Everybody Hates Chris'', and played a young Ray Charles in the movie ''Ray (film), Ray'' * Jeanne Robertson, humorist and professional speaker * Robert W. Scott, Robert W. (Bob) Scott (Kerr Scott's son), Governor of North Carolina from 1969 to 1973 * W. Kerr Scott, Governor of North Carolina from 1949 to 1953, U. S. senator (Class 2) from 1954 to 1958 * Brandon Tate, born in Burlington, American football wide receiver for the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League * Will Richardson American football Offensive Linemen for the Jacksonville Jaguars of the National Football League


See also

* National Register of Historic Places listings in Alamance County, North Carolina


References


Further reading

* Beatty, Bess. ''Alamance: The Holt Family and Industrialization in a North Carolina County, 1837-1900'' (LSU Press, 1999). * Bissett, Jim, “The Dilemma over Moderates: School Desegregation in Alamance County, North Carolina,” ''Journal of Southern History,'' 81 (Nov. 2015), 887–930. * Gant, Margaret Elizabeth. "The Episcopal Church in Burlington, 1879-1979: one hundred years of history." (2014)
online
* Pierpont, Andrew Warren. ''Development of the textile industry in Alamance County, North Carolina'' (1953). * Troxler, Carole Watterson. ''Shuttle and Plow: A History of Alamance County, North Carolina'' (1999). * Whitaker, Walter E. ''Centennial History of Alamance County 1849-1949'' (Burlington Chamber of Commerce, 1949).


External links

*
Alamance-Burlington School System

Alamance County Public Libraries
* {{Coord, 36.04, -79.40, display=title, type:adm2nd_region:US-NC_source:UScensus1990 Alamance County, North Carolina, Populated places established in 1849 1849 establishments in North Carolina