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Akershus
Akershus
[²ɑːkəʂˌhʉːs] ( listen) is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it also has a short border with Sweden
Sweden
(Värmland). Akershus, with more than half a million inhabitants, is the second-largest county by population after Oslo. The county is named after Akershus
Akershus
Fortress. The county administration is in Oslo, which is not part of the county per se.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1951 183,116 —    

1961 234,323 +28.0%

1971 324,390 +38.4%

1981 369,193 +13.8%

1991 418,114 +13.3%

2001 471,988 +12.9%

2011 545,653 +15.6%

Source: Statistics Norway.[1]

Religion in Akershus[2][3]

religion

percent

Christianity

81.48%

Islam

1.93%

Buddhism

0.35%

Other

16.24%

Contents

1 Geography 2 Infrastructure 3 History 4 Name 5 Coat-of-arms 6 Municipalities 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit] The county is conventionally divided into the traditional districts Follo
Follo
and Romerike, which fill the vast part of the county, as well as the small exclave west of Oslo
Oslo
that consists of Asker
Asker
and Bærum. This resulted after the transfer of the great municipality of Aker (surrounding Oslo) from Akershus
Akershus
County to Oslo
Oslo
in 1948. Embracing numerous suburbs of Oslo, notably Bærum, Akershus
Akershus
is one of the most densely populated areas in the country. The main national railway lines into Oslo
Oslo
run through Akershus
Akershus
with many junctions and stations such as Asker, Sandvika, Ski, and Lillestrøm. Akershus includes some of the lake Mjøsa
Mjøsa
and some of the river Glomma. The county also includes the historical place Eidsvoll, 48 km north of Oslo, in which the national assembly ratified the Norwegian constitution in 1814.[citation needed] South of Eidsvoll
Eidsvoll
is the international airport, Oslo
Oslo
Airport at Gardermoen. Oslo's previous international airport, Fornebu, is also located in Akershus. The estate of the crown prince is located in Asker
Asker
(the royal palace is in Oslo). Infrastructure[edit] The county has two major hospitals, Akershus University Hospital
Akershus University Hospital
and Sykehuset Asker
Asker
og Bærum. The main road from continental Europe, E6, enters Akershus
Akershus
in the south, and runs through eastern Oslo, further to Gardermoen, and into Hedmark
Hedmark
County on the eastern shores of lake Mjøsa. E18 enters Akershus
Akershus
in the south-east, merges for a short stretch with E6 at Vinterbro in Ås, before running under central Oslo. E18 then turns south-west through Bærum
Bærum
and Asker
Asker
before entering Buskerud County north of Drammen. E16 runs from the intersection with E18 in Sandvika
Sandvika
into Buskerud County west of Sollihøgda. All main railways out of Oslo
Oslo
run through Akershus:

Southwest: the Drammen
Drammen
Line Southeast: the Østfold
Østfold
Line as two separate railways North: the Gjøvik Line Northeast: the Trunk Line, Gardermoen Line, and Dovre Line East: the Kongsvinger Line

History[edit] Akershus
Akershus
became a fief in the 16th century, and then also included the current counties of Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, and Oslo, as well as the municipalities of Askim, Eidsberg, and Trøgstad
Trøgstad
in the county of Østfold. In 1662, Akershus
Akershus
became an Amt, and in 1685, Buskerud
Buskerud
was separated from Akershus
Akershus
and became an Amt of its own. In 1768, Hedmark and Oppland
Oppland
were also separated from Akershus
Akershus
to become Oplandenes Amt (and Askim, Eidsberg, and Trøgstad
Trøgstad
were transferred to Østfold). In 1842, the city of Christiania (Oslo) was made a separate Amt, as well. In 1919, the term Amt was changed to Fylke. In 1948, Aker, the greatest and the most populous municipality of Akershus, was transferred to the county of Oslo. Name[edit] The county is named after Akershus
Akershus
Fortress. The fortress was built in 1299, and the meaning of the name is "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker". The name is somewhat misleading now, since the fortress is now outside Akershus
Akershus
(it is in Oslo
Oslo
County since 1842). In fact, the administration of Akershus
Akershus
sits outside the county, as well, in the centre of Oslo. Coat-of-arms[edit] The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1987). It shows a gable from Akershus
Akershus
Fortress. Municipalities[edit]

Municipalities of Akershus

Akershus
Akershus
has a total of 22 municipalities:

Asker Aurskog-Høland Bærum Eidsvoll Enebakk Fet Frogn Gjerdrum Hurdal Lørenskog Nannestad

Nes Nesodden Nittedal Oppegård Rælingen Skedsmo Ski Sørum Ullensaker Vestby Ås

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.) in Akershus
Akershus
by country of origin in 2017[4]

Nationality Population (2017)

 Poland 15,685

 Pakistan 7,351

 Sweden 7,050

 Lithuania 5,090

 Iran 4,472

 Vietnam 4,252

 Iraq 4,127

 Denmark 3,643

 Philippines 3,461

 Sri Lanka 3,290

 Germany 3,265

 Afghanistan 3,053

 Somalia 2,939

 Russia 2,839

 India 2,765

 UK 2,381

 Eritrea 2,310

 Kosovo 2,233

 Thailand 2,066

 Turkey 1,812

 Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,786

 Romania 1,725

 China 1,547

 Syria 1,537

 USA 1,320

References[edit]

^ Projected population - Statistics Norway ^ Statistics Norway
Norway
- Church of Norway. ^ Statistics Norway
Norway
- Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010 Archived 2011-11-02 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

Akershus
Akershus
county website Media related to Akershus
Akershus
at Wikimedia Commons Akershus
Akershus
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Counties of Norway

Akershus Aust-Agder Buskerud Finnmark Hedmark Hordaland Møre og Romsdal Nordland Oppland

Oslo Østfold Rogaland Sogn og Fjordane Telemark Troms Trøndelag Vest-Agder Vestfold

Coordinates: 60°00′N 11°00′E / 60.000°N 11.000°E / 60.000; 11.000

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153594616 LCCN: n79084942 GND: 4255161-4 BNF:

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