Akershus [²ɑːkəʂˌhʉːs] ( listen) is a county in
Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it
also has a short border with
Sweden (Värmland). Akershus, with more
than half a million inhabitants, is the second-largest county by
population after Oslo. The county is named after
The county administration is in Oslo, which is not part of the county
Source: Statistics Norway.
Religion in Akershus
8 External links
The county is conventionally divided into the traditional districts
Follo and Romerike, which fill the vast part of the county, as well as
the small exclave west of
Oslo that consists of
Asker and Bærum. This
resulted after the transfer of the great municipality of Aker
(surrounding Oslo) from
Akershus County to
Oslo in 1948.
Embracing numerous suburbs of Oslo, notably Bærum,
Akershus is one of
the most densely populated areas in the country. The main national
railway lines into
Oslo run through
Akershus with many junctions and
stations such as Asker, Sandvika, Ski, and Lillestrøm. Akershus
includes some of the lake
Mjøsa and some of the river Glomma.
The county also includes the historical place Eidsvoll, 48 km
north of Oslo, in which the national assembly ratified the Norwegian
constitution in 1814. South of
Eidsvoll is the
Oslo Airport at Gardermoen. Oslo's previous
international airport, Fornebu, is also located in Akershus. The
estate of the crown prince is located in
Asker (the royal palace is in
The county has two major hospitals,
Akershus University Hospital
Akershus University Hospital and
Asker og Bærum.
The main road from continental Europe, E6, enters
Akershus in the
south, and runs through eastern Oslo, further to Gardermoen, and into
Hedmark County on the eastern shores of lake Mjøsa.
Akershus in the south-east, merges for a short stretch with
E6 at Vinterbro in Ås, before running under central Oslo. E18 then
turns south-west through
Asker before entering Buskerud
County north of Drammen.
E16 runs from the intersection with E18 in
Sandvika into Buskerud
County west of Sollihøgda.
All main railways out of
Oslo run through Akershus:
Østfold Line as two separate railways
North: the Gjøvik Line
Northeast: the Trunk Line, Gardermoen Line, and Dovre Line
East: the Kongsvinger Line
Akershus became a fief in the 16th century, and then also included the
current counties of Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, and Oslo, as well as
the municipalities of Askim, Eidsberg, and
Trøgstad in the county of
Østfold. In 1662,
Akershus became an Amt, and in 1685,
Akershus and became an Amt of its own. In 1768, Hedmark
Oppland were also separated from
Akershus to become Oplandenes Amt
(and Askim, Eidsberg, and
Trøgstad were transferred to Østfold). In
1842, the city of Christiania (Oslo) was made a separate Amt, as well.
In 1919, the term Amt was changed to Fylke. In 1948, Aker, the
greatest and the most populous municipality of Akershus, was
transferred to the county of Oslo.
The county is named after
Akershus Fortress. The fortress was built in
1299, and the meaning of the name is "the (fortified) house of (the
district) Aker". The name is somewhat misleading now, since the
fortress is now outside
Akershus (it is in
Oslo County since 1842). In
fact, the administration of
Akershus sits outside the county, as well,
in the centre of Oslo.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1987). It shows a gable from
Municipalities of Akershus
Akershus has a total of 22 municipalities:
Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
Akershus by country of origin in 2017
^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
Norway - Church of Norway.
Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities
outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County.
2006-2010 Archived 2011-11-02 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration
category, country background and percentages of the population".
ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June
Akershus county website
Media related to
Akershus at Wikimedia Commons
Akershus travel guide from Wikivoyage
Counties of Norway
Møre og Romsdal
Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 60°00′N 11°00′E / 60.000°N 11.000°E /