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The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially the XVIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XVIIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver)[2] (Japanese: 第十八回オリンピック冬季競技大会, Dai Jūhachi-kai Orinpikku Tōkikyōgi Taikai), and commonly known as Nagano 1998, was a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 7 to 22 February 1998 in Nagano, Japan. 72 nations and 2,176 participants contested in 7 sports and 68 events at 15 venues. The Games saw the introduction of women's ice hockey, curling and snowboarding. National Hockey League
National Hockey League
players were allowed to participate in the men's ice hockey. The host was selected on June 15, 1991, over Salt Lake City, Östersund, Jaca
Jaca
and Aosta. They were the third Olympic Games
Olympic Games
and second Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
to be held in Japan, after the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo and the 1972 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Sapporo. Nagano is so far the southernmost city to host a Winter Olympics, next to Squaw Valley, host of the 1960 Winter Olympics. The games were succeeded by the 1998 Winter Paralympics
1998 Winter Paralympics
from 5 to 14 March. These were the final Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
under the IOC Presidency of Juan Antonio Samaranch.

Contents

1 Host city selection 2 Marketing

2.1 Mascots 2.2 Sponsors

3 Broadcasting rights 4 Opening ceremony 5 Events 6 Venues 7 Closing ceremony 8 Cost and cost overrun 9 Participating National Olympic Committees 10 Calendar 11 Medal table 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Host city selection[edit] Main article: Bids for the 1998 Winter Olympics Other candidate cities for the 1998 Olympics were Aosta, Italy; Jaca, Spain; Östersund, Sweden; and Salt Lake City, United States. The host city selection was held in Birmingham, United Kingdom, on 15 June 1991, at the 97th IOC session. Nagano prevailed over Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
by just 4 votes. In June 1995, Salt Lake was chosen as the host of the following 2002 Winter Olympics. The Nagano Olympic bid committee spent approximately $14 million to entertain the 62 International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
members and many of their companions. The precise figures are unknown since Nagano, after the IOC asked that the entertainment expenditures not be made public, destroyed the financial records.[3][4]

1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
bidding results[5]

City Country Round 1 Run-off Round 2 Round 3 Round 4

Nagano  Japan 21 — 30 36 46

Salt Lake City  United States 15 59 27 29 42

Östersund  Sweden 18 — 25 23 —

Jaca  Spain 19 — 5 — —

Aosta  Italy 15 29 — — —

Marketing[edit] Mascots[edit] Main article: Sukki, Nokki, Lekki and Tsukki Sukki, Nokki, Lekki and Tsukki, also known as the Snowlets are the 1998 Winter Olympic mascots and are four snowy owls. They represent respectively fire (Sukki), air (Nokki), earth (Lekki) and water (Tsukki) and together they represent the four major islands of Japan. Sponsors[edit]

Sponsors of the 1998 Winter Olympics

Worldwide Olympic Partners

The Coca-Cola Company John Hancock Financial Kodak McDonald's Panasonic Samsung Electronics Time Inc. United Parcel Service Visa Inc. Xerox
Xerox
(Fuji Xerox)

Gold Sponsors

Amway Hachijuni Bank KDDI Kirin Company Mizuno Corporation Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Seiko Toyota

Official Supporters and Suppliers

Bridgestone Brother Industries Corona Hanamaruki Foods Hitachi Zosen Corporation Idemitsu Kosan Japan
Japan
Agricultural Cooperatives Japan
Japan
Airlines KOKUYO MAYEKAWA Marudai Foods Oji Paper Company Pia Corporation Snow Brand Milk Products Tokio Marine Tokyo Gas Yamazaki Baking

Broadcasting rights[edit]   Austria
Austria
ORF   Australia
Australia
Seven Network   Canada
Canada
CBC   China
China
CCTV   Denmark
Denmark
DR1
DR1
  France
France
TF1, FTV  Finland Yle
Yle
  Germany
Germany
ARD ZDF
ZDF
  Iceland
Iceland
RÚV   Italy
Italy
RAI   Netherlands
Netherlands
NOS   Norway
Norway
NRK   Sweden
Sweden
STV1  United Kingdom BBC   United States
United States
CBS Sports, Turner Sports
Turner Sports
In the United States, this was CBS' last of three cycles as Winter Olympic broadcast partner. Turner Sports, through TNT, had been its cable television partner for the three competitions CBS was contracted to carry. NBC, which had aired the Summer Olympics since 1988, took over the Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
beginning with the Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Games, and its family of networks has been the exclusive home for the Olympics in the United States
United States
ever since. Opening ceremony[edit] Main article: 1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
opening ceremony Events[edit] There were 68 events contested in 7 sports (14 disciplines).

Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
(10) (details) Biathlon
Biathlon
(6) (details) Bobsleigh
Bobsleigh
(2) (details) Cross-country skiing
Cross-country skiing
(10) (details) Curling
Curling
(2) (details) Figure skating
Figure skating
(4) (details) Freestyle skiing
Freestyle skiing
(4) (details) Ice hockey
Ice hockey
(2) (details) Luge
Luge
(3) (details) Nordic combined
Nordic combined
(2) (details) Snowboarding
Snowboarding
(4) (details) Ski jumping
Ski jumping
(3) (details) Short track speed skating
Short track speed skating
(6) (details) Speed skating
Speed skating
(10) (details)

Venues[edit] Main article: Venues of the 1998 Winter Olympics Hakuba

Hakuba Ski Jumping Stadium: Nordic combined
Nordic combined
(ski jumping), Ski jumping Happo'one Resort: Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
(Downhill, Super G, combined) Snow Harp, Kamishiro: Cross-country skiing, Nordic combined (cross-country skiing)

Iizuna

Iizuna Kogen Ski Area: Freestyle skiing Spiral, Asakawa: Bobsleigh, Luge

Karuizawa

Kazakoshi Park Arena: Curling

Nagano

Minami Nagano Sports Park: Ceremonies (opening/ closing) Aqua Wing Arena: Ice hockey Big Hat: Ice hockey
Ice hockey
(final) M-Wave: Speed skating White Ring: Figure skating, Short track speed skating

Nozawaonsen:

Nozawa Onsen Ski Resort: Biathlon

Yamanouchi

Mount Higashidate: Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
(giant slalom) Mount Yakebitai, Shiga Kogen Resort: Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
(slalom), Snowboarding
Snowboarding
(giant slalom) Kanbayashi Snowboard Park: Snowboarding
Snowboarding
(Half-Pipe)

Closing ceremony[edit] Main article: 1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
closing ceremony Cost and cost overrun[edit] The Oxford Olympics Study established the outturn cost of the Nagano 1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
at USD 2.2 billion in 2015-dollars and cost overrun at 56% in real terms.[6] This includes sports-related costs only, that is, (i) operational costs incurred by the organizing committee for the purpose of staging the Games, e.g., expenditures for technology, transportation, workforce, administration, security, catering, ceremonies, and medical services, and (ii) direct capital costs incurred by the host city and country or private investors to build, e.g., the competition venues, the Olympic village, international broadcast center, and media and press center, which are required to host the Games. Indirect capital costs are not included, such as for road, rail, or airport infrastructure, or for hotel upgrades or other business investment incurred in preparation for the Games but not directly related to staging the Games. The cost and cost overrun for Nagano 1998 compares with costs of USD 2.5 billion and a cost overrun of 13% for Vancouver 2010, and costs of USD 51[7] billion and a cost overrun of 289% for Sochi 2014, the latter being the most costly Olympics to date. Average cost for Winter Games since 1960 is USD 3.1 billion, average cost overrun is 142%. Participating National Olympic Committees[edit] 72 nations participated in the 1998 Winter Olympic Games. The nations Azerbaijan, Kenya, Macedonia, Uruguay, and Venezuela participated in their first Winter Olympic Games.

Participating nations

Participating National Olympic Committees

 Andorra (3)  Argentina (2)  Armenia (7)  Australia (23)  Austria (96)  Azerbaijan (4)  Belarus (59)  Belgium (1)  Bermuda (1) Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(8)  Brazil (1)  Bulgaria (19)  Canada (144)  Chile (3)  China (55)  Croatia (6)  Cyprus (1)  Czech Republic (60)  Denmark (12)  Estonia (20)  Finland (85)  France (106)  Georgia (4)  Germany (125)  Great Britain (34)  Greece (13)  Hungary (17)  Iceland (7)  India (1)  Iran (1)  Ireland (6)  Israel (3)  Italy (112)  Jamaica (6)  Japan (156) (host)  Kazakhstan (60)  Kenya (1)  North Korea (8)  South Korea (37)  Kyrgyzstan (1)  Latvia (29)  Liechtenstein (8)  Lithuania (7)  Luxembourg (1)  Macedonia (3)  Moldova (2)  Monaco (4)  Mongolia (3)  Netherlands (22)  New Zealand (8)  Norway (76)  Poland (39)  Portugal (2)  Puerto Rico (6)  Romania (16)  Russia (122)  Slovakia (37)  Slovenia (34)  South Africa (2)  Spain (12)  Sweden (99)  Switzerland (69)  Chinese Taipei (7)  Trinidad and Tobago (2)  Turkey (1)  Ukraine (56)  United States (186)  Uruguay (1)  Uzbekistan (4)  Venezuela (1)  Virgin Islands (7)  Yugoslavia (2)

Calendar[edit]

All dates are in Japan
Japan
Standard Time (UTC+9)

OC Opening ceremony ● Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony

February 7th Sat 8th Sun 9th Mon 10th Tue 11th Wed 12th Thu 13th Fri 14th Sat 15th Sun 16th Mon 17th Tue 18th Wed 19th Thu 20th Fri 21st Sat 22nd Sun Events

Ceremonies OC

CC N/A

Alpine skiing

● 1

2

2 1

2 1 1

10

Biathlon

1

1

1

1 1

1

6

Bobsleigh

● 1

● 1

2

Cross country skiing

1 1 1

2

1

1

1

1

1 10

Curling

● ● ● ● ● ● 2

2

Figure skating

1

● ● 1 ● 1

1

4

Freestyle skiing

2

2

4

Ice hockey ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 ●

● ● 1 2

Luge

● 1 ● 1

1

3

Nordic combined

● 1

● 1

2

Short track

2

1

3

6

Ski jumping

1

1

1

3

Snowboarding

1

2

1

4

Speed skating

1 ● 1 1 1 ● 1 1 1 1

1 1

10

Daily medal events

3 3 5 7 4 3 4 6 5 6 4 5 5 6 2 68

Cumulative total

3 6 11 18 22 25 29 35 40 46 50 55 60 66 68

February 7th Sat 8th Sun 9th Mon 10th Tue 11th Wed 12th Thu 13th Fri 14th Sat 15th Sun 16th Mon 17th Tue 18th Wed 19th Thu 20th Fri 21st Sat 22nd Sun Total events

Medal table[edit]

The silver, gold and bronze medals.

Main article: 1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
medal table (Host nation is highlighted.)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total

1  Germany 12 9 8 29

2  Norway 10 10 5 25

3  Russia 9 6 3 18

4  Canada 6 5 4 15

5  United States 6 3 4 13

6  Netherlands 5 4 2 11

7  Japan 5 1 4 10

8  Austria 3 5 9 17

9  South Korea 3 1 2 6

10  Italy 2 6 2 10

See also[edit]

Olympics portal

1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
flu epidemic

References[edit]

^ "The Olympic Winter Games Factsheet" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 5 August 2012.  ^ "French and English are the official languages for the Olympic Games.", [1].(..) ^ Jordan, Mary; Sullivan, Kevin (21 January 1999), "Nagano Burned Documents Tracing '98 Olympics Bid", Washington Post, pp. A1, retrieved 20 August 2016  ^ Macintyre, Donald (1 February 1999). "Japan's Sullied Bid". Time Magazine. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.  ^ Flyvbjerg, Bent; Stewart, Allison; Budzier, Alexander (2016). The Oxford Olympics Study 2016: Cost and Cost Overrun at the Games. Oxford: Saïd Business School Working Papers (Oxford: University of Oxford). pp. 9–13. SSRN 2804554 .  ^ "Sochi 2014: the costliest Olympics yet but where has all the money gone?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1998 Winter Olympics.

"Nagano 1998". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  "Results and Medalists". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  The Organizing Committee for the XVIII Olympic Winter Games, Nagano 1998 (1998). The XVIII Winter Olympic Games: Official Report. The Organizing Committee for the XVIII Olympic Winter Games.  Downloadable PDF: Volume 1, Volume 2, Volume 3, Appendix, retrieved on 17 January 2010. 1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
Official website

Preceded by Lillehammer Winter Olympics Nagano XVIII Olympic Winter Games (1998) Succeeded by Salt Lake City

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Events at the 1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
(Nagano)

Alpine skiing Biathlon Bobsleigh Cross-country skiing Curling Figure skating Freestyle skiing Ice hockey Luge Nordic combined Short track speed skating Ski jumping Snowboarding Speed skating

v t e

Nations at the 1998 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Nagano, Japan

Africa

Kenya South Africa

America

Argentina Bermuda Brazil Canada Chile Jamaica Puerto Rico Trinidad-Tobago United States Uruguay Venezuela Virgin Islands

Asia

China Chinese Taipei India Iran Japan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kyrgyzstan Mongolia Uzbekistan

Europe

Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Great Britain Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Moldova Monaco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Yugoslavia

Oceania

Australia New Zealand

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Venues of the 1998 Winter Olympics

Aqua Wing Big Hat Hakuba Ski Jumping Stadium Happōone Resort Iizuna Kogen Ski Area Kanbayashi Snowboard Park Kazakoshi Park Arena M-Wave Minami Nagano Sports Park Mount Higashidate Mount Yakebitai Nozawa Onsen Ski Resort Snow Harp Spiral White Ring

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124860603 LCCN: nr97022955 GND: 2166857-7 SUDOC: 075437414 BNF: cb12565087n (data)

1990s portal Olympics p

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