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The 1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
(Finnish: Kesäolympialaiset 1952; Swedish: Olympiska sommarspelen 1952), officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland, in 1952. Helsinki
Helsinki
had been earlier selected to host the 1940 Summer Olympics, which were cancelled due to World War II. It is the northernmost city at which a summer Olympic Games
Olympic Games
have been held. These were the first games to be held in a non-Indo-European language speaking country. It was also the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
at which the most number of world records were broken until surpassed by the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.[1] The Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, Indonesia, Israel, Thailand, and Saarland made their Olympic debuts in Helsinki
Helsinki
1952.

Contents

1 Host city selection 2 Highlights 3 Sports

3.1 Demonstration sports

4 Venues 5 Participating NOCs 6 Medal count 7 50th anniversary coin 8 See also 9 Notes 10 External links

Host city selection[edit] Helsinki
Helsinki
was chosen as the host city over bids from Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and five American cities at the 40th IOC Session
IOC Session
on June 21, 1947, in Stockholm, Sweden. Minneapolis
Minneapolis
and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
finished tied for second in the final voting. The voting results in chart below:[2]

1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
bidding results[3]

City Country Round 1 Round 2

Helsinki  Finland 14 15

Minneapolis  United States 4 5

Los Angeles  United States 4 5

Amsterdam  Netherlands 3 3

Detroit  United States 2 —

Chicago  United States 1 —

Philadelphia  United States 0 —

Highlights[edit]

Paavo Nurmi
Paavo Nurmi
and the Olympic Flame

These were the final Olympic Games
Olympic Games
organised under the IOC presidency of Sigfrid Edström. For the first time, a team from the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
participated in the Olympics. The first gold medal for the USSR was won by Nina Romashkova in the women's discus throwing event. Israel
Israel
made its Olympic debut. The Jewish state had been unable to participate in the 1948 Games because of its War of Independence. A previous Palestine Mandate team had boycotted the 1936 Games in protest of the Nazi regime. Indonesia
Indonesia
made its Olympic debut with three athletes. The newly established People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
(PRC) participated in the Olympics for the first time, although only one swimmer (Wu Chuanyu) of its 40-member delegation arrived in time to take part in the official competition.[4] The PRC would not return to the Summer Olympics until Los Angeles
Los Angeles
1984. The Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan) withdrew from the Games on July 20, in protest of the IOC decision to allow athletes from the People's Republic of China
Republic of China
to compete.[5] The Olympic Flame
Olympic Flame
was lit by two Finnish heroes, runners Paavo Nurmi and Hannes Kolehmainen. Nurmi first lit the cauldron inside the stadium, and later the flame was relayed to the stadium tower where Kolehmainen lit it. Only the flame in the tower was burning throughout the Olympics. Soviet Union's loss to political rival Yugoslavia hit Soviet football hard, and after just three games played in the season, CDKA Moscow, who had made up most of the USSR squad, was forced to withdraw from the league and later disbanded. Furthermore, Boris Arkadiev, who coached both USSR and CDKA, was stripped of his Merited Master of Sports of the USSR title.[6] Hungary's Golden Team
Golden Team
won the football tournament, beating Yugoslavia 2–0 in the final. Germany
Germany
and Japan
Japan
were invited after being barred in 1948. Following the post-war occupation and partition, three German states had been established. Teams from the Federal Republic of Germany
Federal Republic of Germany
and the Saarland (which joined the FRG after 1955) participated; the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was absent. Though they won 24 medals, the fifth-highest total at the Games, German competitors failed to win a gold medal for the only time. Rules in equestrianism now allowed non-military officers to compete, including women. Lis Hartel of Denmark
Denmark
became the first woman in the sport to win a medal. Emil Zátopek
Emil Zátopek
of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
won three gold medals in the 5000 m, 10,000 m
10,000 m
and the Marathon
Marathon
(which he had never run before). The India national field hockey team won its fifth consecutive gold under captaincy of Kunwar Digvijay Singh Bob Mathias
Bob Mathias
of the United States
United States
became the first Olympian to successfully defend his decathlon title with a total score of 7,887 points. Josy Barthel of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
pulled a major surprise by winning the 1500 m. Controversy arose following Soviet Union's announcement that "Soviet athletes won the Olympics, winning more medals than only other country" (despite winning less). Soviet press eventually changed its stance and said that "the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and the United States
United States
both finished first" using Soviet-invented points system.[7] As Eva Perón, the massively popular First Lady of Argentina, died during the games, a memorial was held for the Argentine team.[8]

Sports[edit] The 1952 Summer Olympic programme featured 149 events in the following 17 sports:

Aquatics

Diving (4) Swimming (11) Water polo (1)

Athletics (33) Basketball (1) Boxing (10) Canoeing (9) Cycling

Road (2) Track (4)

Equestrian

Dressage (2) Eventing (2) Show jumping (2)

Fencing (7) Field hockey (1) Football (1) Gymnastics (15) Modern pentathlon (2) Rowing (7) Sailing (5) Shooting (7) Weightlifting (7) Wrestling

Freestyle (8) Greco-Roman (8)

Demonstration sports[edit]

Handball Pesäpallo

Venues[edit] Main article: Venues of the 1952 Summer Olympics With an annual average temperature of 5.9 °C, Helsinki
Helsinki
is the coldest city to host the Summer Olympics. [9]

Hämeenlinna
Hämeenlinna
– Modern pentathlon Harmaja
Harmaja
– Sailing Helsinki
Helsinki
Football Grounds – Football Huopalahti – Shooting (shotgun) Käpylä
Käpylä
– Cycling (road) Kotka – Football Laakso – Equestrian (eventing – riding) Lahti
Lahti
– Football Liuskasaari
Liuskasaari
– Sailing Malmi Rifle Range – Shooting (pistol/ rifle) Maunula
Maunula
– Cycling (road) Meilahti
Meilahti
– Rowing Messuhalli – Basketball (final), boxing, gymnastics, weightlifting, wrestling Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
– Athletics, Equestrian (jumping), Football (final) Pakila
Pakila
– Cycling (road) Ruskeasuo
Ruskeasuo
Equestrian Hall – Equestrian (dressage, eventing) Swimming Stadium – Diving, Swimming, Water polo Taivallahti – Canoeing Tali Race Track – Equestrian (eventing steeplechase) Tampere
Tampere
– Football Tennis Palace – Basketball Turku – Football Velodrome – Cycling (track), Field hockey Westend Tennis Hall – Fencing

Participating NOCs[edit] See also: 1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
national flag bearers

Participating nations. Pictured in blue are nations participating for the first time. Yellow dot: Helsinki

Number of athletes per country

A total of 69 nations participated in these Games, up from 59 in the 1948 Games. Thirteen nations made their first Olympic appearance in 1952: The Bahamas, the People's Republic of China, Gold Coast (now Ghana), Guatemala, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Israel, Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles, Nigeria, Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(USSR), Thailand, and Vietnam. Japan
Japan
and Germany
Germany
were both reinstated and permitted to send athletes after being banned for 1948 for their instigation of World War II. Due to the division of Germany, German athletes from Saar entered a separate team for the only time. Only West Germany
Germany
would provide athletes for the actual Germany
Germany
team, since East Germany
Germany
refused to participate in a joint German team.

Participating National Olympic Committees

 Argentina (123)  Australia (87)  Austria (112)  Bahamas (7)  Belgium (135)  Bermuda (6)  Brazil (97)  Bulgaria (63)  Burma (5)  Canada (107)  Ceylon (5)  Chile (59)  China (1)  Cuba (29)  Czechoslovakia (99)  Denmark (129)  Egypt (106)  Finland (258) (host)  France (245)  Germany (205)  Ghana (7)  Great Britain (257)  Greece (53)  Guatemala (21)  Guyana (1)  Hong Kong (4)  Hungary (189)  Iceland (9)  India (69)  Indonesia (3)  Iran (22)  Ireland (19)  Israel (26)  Italy (231)  Jamaica (8)  Japan (69)  Lebanon (9)  Liechtenstein (2)  Luxembourg (44)  Mexico (64)  Monaco (8)  Netherlands (104)   Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles (11)  New Zealand (15)  Nigeria (9)  Norway (102)  Pakistan (38)  Panama (1)  Philippines (25)  Poland (125)  Portugal (71)  Puerto Rico (21)  Romania (114)  Saar (36)  Singapore (5)  South Africa (64)  South Korea (19)  Soviet Union (295)  Spain (30)  Sweden (206)  Switzerland (157)  Thailand (8)  Trinidad and Tobago (2)  Turkey (51)  United States (286)  Uruguay (32)  Venezuela (38)  Vietnam (8)  Yugoslavia (96)

Medal count[edit] Main article: 1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
medal table These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1952 Games.[10]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total

1  United States 40 19 17 76

2  Soviet Union 22 30 19 71

3  Hungary 16 10 16 42

4  Sweden 12 13 10 35

5  Italy 8 9 4 21

6  Czechoslovakia 7 3 3 13

7  France 6 6 6 18

8   Finland
Finland
(host nation) 6 3 13 22

9  Australia 6 2 3 11

10  Norway 3 2 0 5

50th anniversary coin[edit] The 50th anniversary of the Helsinki
Helsinki
Olympic Games
Olympic Games
was the main motif for one of the first Finnish euro silver commemorative coins, the €10 silver coin minted in 2002. The reverse depicts part of the Helsinki
Helsinki
Olympic Stadium, as well as a section of the 1952 500 markka coin. The obverse has lettering SUOMI FINLAND 10 EURO, a flame, and Finland
Finland
is the only country highlighted on earth. See also[edit]

Olympics portal

1952 Winter Olympics

Summer Olympic Games Olympic Games International
International
Olympic Committee List of IOC country codes

Notes[edit]

^ Bascomb, Neal (2005). The Perfect Mile: Three Athletes, One Goal, and Less Than Four Minutes to Achieve It. Mariner Books. ISBN 9780618562091.  ^ " International
International
Olympic Committee Vote History". 9 September 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2015.  ^ "Past Olympic Host City Election Results". Games Bids. Retrieved 16 September 2015.  ^ Mulvenney, Nick (7 August 2008). "Chen Chengda, China's almost Olympian". Reuters. Retrieved 16 September 2015.  ^ "On This Day: 1952: 20 July: Zatopek wins gold at Helsinki". BBC News. Retrieved 16 September 2015.  ^ "USSR – Yugoslavia, the Story of Two Different Football Conceptions". russianfootballnews.com. Retrieved November 27, 2017.  ^ http://fitnessforlife.org/AcuCustom/Sitename/Documents/DocumentItem/7783.pdf ^ 1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
official report. p. 91. – accessed 1 August 2010. ^ http://www.marketplace.org/2014/02/06/economy/numbers/9-weirdest-cities-have-hosted-olympics-and-why ^ Byron, Lee; Cox, Amanda; Ericson, Matthew (4 August 2008). "A Map of Olympic Medals". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1952 Summer Olympics.

" Helsinki
Helsinki
1952". Olympic.org. International
International
Olympic Committee.  "Results and Medalists". Olympic.org. International
International
Olympic Committee.  Helsinki
Helsinki
1952 Official Olympic Report la84foundation.org Helsinki
Helsinki
1952 Official Olympic Report olympic-museum.de

Preceded by London Summer Olympic Games Helsinki XV Olympiad (1952) Succeeded by Melbourne/Stockholm

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Nations at the 1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
in Helsinki, Finland

Africa

Egypt Gold Coast Nigeria South Africa

America

Argentina Bahamas Bermuda Brazil British Guiana Canada Chile Cuba Guatemala Jamaica Mexico Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles Panama Puerto Rico Trinidad United States Uruguay Venezuela

Asia

Burma Ceylon China Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Israel Japan South Korea Lebanon Pakistan Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam

Europe

Austria Belgium Bulgaria Czechoslovakia Denmark Finland France Germany Great Britain Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Liechtenstein Luxembourg Monaco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Saar Soviet Union Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Yugoslavia

Oceania

Australia New Zealand

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Events at the 1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
(Helsinki)

Athletics Basketball Boxing Canoeing Cycling Diving Equestrian Fencing Field hockey Football Gymnastics Handball (demonstration) Modern pentathlon Pesäpallo (demonstration) Rowing Sailing Shooting Swimming Water polo Weightlifting Wrestling

v t e

Venues of the 1952 Summer Olympics

Hämeenlinna Harmaja Helsinki
Helsinki
Football Grounds Huopalahti Käpylä Kotka Laakso Lahti Liuskasaari Malmi Rifle Range Maunula Meilahti Messuhalli Olympic Stadium Pakila Ruskeasuo
Ruskeasuo
Equestrian Hall Swimming Stadium Taivallahti Tali Race Track Tampere Tennis Palace Turku Velodrome Westend Tennis Hall

Olympics portal 1950s por

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