Crambidae
   HOME
*





Crambidae
The Crambidae are the grass moth family of lepidopterans. They are variable in appearance, the nominal subfamily Crambinae (grass moths) taking up closely folded postures on grass stems where they are inconspicuous, while other subfamilies include brightly coloured and patterned insects which rest in wing-spread attitudes. In many classifications, the Crambidae have been treated as a subfamily of the Pyralidae or snout-moths. The principal difference is a structure in the tympanal organs called the praecinctorium, which joins two tympanic membranes in the Crambidae, and is absent from the Pyralidae. The latest review by Munroe and Solis, in Kristensen (1999), retains the Crambidae as a full family. The family currently comprises 15 subfamilies with altogether 10,347 species in over 1,000 genera. Systematics *subfamilia incertae sedis **''Conotalis'' Hampson, 1919 **''Exsilirarcha'' Salmon & Bradley, 1956 *Subfamily Acentropinae Stephens, 1836 *Subfamily Crambinae Latreille ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


Scopariinae
Scopariinae is a subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae. The subfamily was described by Achille Guenée in 1854. Genera *'' Afrarpia'' Maes, 2004 *'' Afroscoparia'' Nuss, 2003 *''Anarpia'' Chapman, 1912 *'' Antiscopa'' Munroe, 1964 *'' Caradjaina'' Leraut, 1986 *''Cholius'' Guenée, 1845 *'' Cosipara'' Munroe, 1972 *'' Dasyscopa'' Meyrick, 1894 *''Davana'' Walker, 1859 *'' Dipleurinodes'' Leraut, 1989 *'' Elusia'' Schaus, 1940 *'' Eudipleurina'' Leraut, 1989 *''Eudonia'' Billberg, 1820 (= ''Boiea'' Zetterstedt, 1839, ''Borea'' Stephens, 1852, ''Dipleurina'' Chapman, 1912, ''Dipluerina'' Sharp, 1913, ''Malageudonia'' Leraut, 1989, ''Vietteina'' Leraut, 1989, ''Witlesia'' Chapman, 1912, ''Wittlesia'' Chapman, 1912) *''Gesneria ''Gesneria'' is a genus of approximately 50 species in the flowering plant family Gesneriaceae. Except for two or three odd South American species, all are native to islands of the Caribbean The Caribbean (, ) ( es, El Caribe; french: la ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


Lathrotelinae
Lathrotelinae is a subfamily of the pyraloid family Crambidae described by John Frederick Gates Clarke in 1971. It currently comprises 45 species in six genera. Description Characteristic features of the Lathrotelinae are the undulating wing outline, the absent chaetosemata on the imaginal head, the completely reduced gnathos, and the male genitalia's aedeagus with a strongly spiculose "manica" on its posterior end. Lathrotelinae were suggested to be closely related to Acentropinae based on two synapomorphies in the second sternum of the abdomen, but a phylogenetic study of Crambidae based on genetic data found the subfamily to be the sister group of the fern-feeding Musotiminae. Food plants Little is known on the larval stage of Lathrotelinae. The few known larvae feed on monocotyledon plants and are occasionally found as pest species on oil palms and sugarcane. Systematics Until recently, Lathrotelinae have been treated within the subfamily Spilomelinae. However, recent ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


Hoploscopinae
Hoploscopinae is a subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae. It was described by Robinson et al., 1994. In the past, the group had been considered a subfamily of Heliothelinae based on a sclerotized thorn that is invaginated into the corpus bursae of the female genitalia. This morphological feature common to both Hoploscopinae and Heliothelinae was considered an apomorphy of Heliothelinae sensu lato. However, a phylogenetic analysis of Crambidae moths found that Hoploscopinae and Heliothelinae do not form a monophyletic group, and consequently split the two lineages into separate subfamilies. The subfamily currently comprises the two genera '' Hoploscopa'' Meyrick, 1886 and '' Perimeceta'' Turner, 1915, with altogether 46 species occurring in Southeast Asia, New Guinea and Australia. The caterpillars feed on fern A fern (Polypodiopsida or Polypodiophyta ) is a member of a group of vascular plants (plants with xylem and phloem) that reproduce via spores and have ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


picture info

Spilomelinae
Spilomelinae is a very species-rich subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae, the crambid snout moths. With 4,135 described species in 344 genera worldwide, it is the most speciose group among pyraloids. Description Imagines – the adult life stage – vary considerably in size: the forewing span ranges from 11.5 mm e.g. in '' Metasia'' to 50 mm in the robust-bodied '' Eporidia''. In resting position, the moths exhibit a characteristic triangular shape, with the wings usually folded over the abdomen, the forewings covering the hindwings. Some Spilomelinae diverge from this common resting pattern, like '' Maruca'' with widely spread wings, and '' Atomopteryx'' and '' Lineodes'' with narrow wings folded along the body. All Spilomelinae moths have well developed compound eyes, antennae and mouthparts, although in the genera '' Niphopyralis'' and '' Siga'' the proboscis is lost. Synapomorphic characters of the subfamily comprise minute or obsolete maxillary pa ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


picture info

Glaphyriinae
Glaphyriinae is a subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae. It was described by William Trowbridge Merrifield Forbes in 1923. The subfamily currently comprises 509 species in 75 genera. The larvae of Glaphyriinae predominantly feed on plants of the order Brassicales and are able to digest the glucosinolates contained in these plants. Genera *'' Abegesta'' Munroe, 1964 *'' Achantodes'' Guenée, 1852 *'' Aenigmodes'' Amsel, 1957 (= ''Aenigma'' Amsel, 1956) *'' Aethiophysa'' Munroe, 1964 *''Agastya'' Moore, 1881 (= ''Agastia'' Moore, 1881) *'' Aureopteryx'' Amsel, 1956 *'' Catharia'' Lederer, 1863 *'' Cereophagus'' Dyar, 1922 *''Chalcoela'' Zeller, 1872 *''Chilomima'' Munroe, 1964 *''Chilozela'' Munroe, 1964 *'' Contortipalpia'' Munroe, 1964 *'' Cosmopterosis'' Amsel, 1956 *'' Dichochroma'' Forbes, 1944 *''Dicymolomia'' Zeller, 1872 (= ''Bifalculina'' Amsel, 1956) *''Eupoca'' Warren, 1891 *''Eustixia'' Hübner, 1823 (= ''Thelcteria'' Lederer, 1863, ''Thlecteria'' Dyar, 1925) ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  




Erupinae
Erupinae is a subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae. It was described by Eugene G. Munroe in 1995. Originally, Erupinae were described as a tribe in the subfamily Crambinae. Later, they were moved to Midilinae. A phylogenetic analysis of Crambidae moths found that '' Erupa'' does not form a monophyletic group with Midilinae, but is the sister group to either Crambinae or a monophylum of Heliothelinae and Scopariinae. Erupini were consequently removed from Midilinae and established as a separate subfamily. The subfamily currently comprises three genera: '' Erupa'' Walker, 1864 with 36 species, ''Lancia'' Walker, 1859 with the single species ''L. phrontisalis'' Walker, 1859, and '' Schoenerupa'' Hampson, 1919 with the species ''S. thermantis'' Hampson, 1919. Erupinae occur exclusively in the Neotropical realm. The foodplants of the caterpillars are unknown, but monocotyledon Monocotyledons (), commonly referred to as monocots, ( Lilianae '' sensu'' Chase & Reveal) are ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


picture info

Pyralidae
The Pyralidae, commonly called pyralid moths, snout moths or grass moths, are a family of Lepidoptera in the ditrysian superfamily Pyraloidea. In many (particularly older) classifications, the grass moths (Crambidae) are included in the Pyralidae as a subfamily, making the combined group one of the largest families in the Lepidoptera. The latest review by Eugene G. Munroe and Maria Alma Solis retain the Crambidae as a full family of Pyraloidea. The wingspans for small and medium-sized species are usually between with variable morphological features. It is a diverse group, with more than 6,000 species described worldwide, and more than 600 species in America north of Mexico, comprising the third largest moth family in North America. At least 42 species have been recorded from North Dakota in the subfamilies of Pyralidae. Relationship with humans Most of these small moths are inconspicuous. Many are economically important pests, including waxworms, which are the caterpillar larv ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


picture info

Crambinae
Crambinae is a large subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae, the crambid snout moths. It currently includes over 1,800 species worldwide. The larvae are root feeders or stem borers, mostly on grasses. A few species are pests of sod grasses, maize, sugar cane, rice, and other Poaceae. The monophyly of this group is supported by the structure of the tympanal organs and the phallus attached medially to the juxta, as well as genetic analyses. Taxonomists' opinions differ as to the correct placement of the Crambidae, some authorities treating them as a subfamily of the family Pyralidae. If this is done, the present group would be demoted to tribe status, as Crambini. Crambinae taxonomy *tribe ''incertae sedis'' **'' Anaclastis'' Turner, 1904 **'' Aphrophantis'' Meyrick, 1933 **'' Argentochiloides'' Błeszyński, 1961 (= ''Argentochilo'' Błeszyński & Collins, 1962) **'' Australargyria'' Błeszyński, 1970 **'' Autarotis'' Meyrick, 1886 (= ''Pogonoptera'' Turner, 1911) **'' ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


Schoenobiinae
Schoenobiinae is a subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae. The subfamily was described by Philogène Auguste Joseph Duponchel Philogène Auguste Joseph Duponchel (1774 – 10 January 1846) was a French soldier and entomologist. Life and career Philogène Auguste Joseph Duponchel was born in 1774 in Valenciennes, Nord, and died on 10 January 1846 in Paris. After studies ... in 1846. Genera *'' Adelpherupa'' Hampson, 1919 (= ''Limnopsares'' Meyrick, 1934, ''Schoenoploca ''Meyrick, 1933) *'' Alloperissa'' Meyrick, 1934 *'' Archischoenobius'' Speidel, 1984 *'' Argyrostola'' Hampson, 1896 *'' Brihaspa'' Moore, 1868 *'' Calamoschoena'' Poulton, 1916 (= ''Eurycerota'' Janse, 1917) *'' Carectocultus'' A. Blanchard, 1975 *'' Catagela'' Walker, 1863 *'' Chionobosca'' Turner, 1911 *'' Cyclocausta'' Warren, 1889 *'' Dejoannisia'' Vári, 2002 (= ''Schoenobiodes'' de Joannis, 1927) *'' Donacaula'' Meyrick, 1890 *'' Helonastes'' Common, 1960 *'' Leechia'' South in Leech & South, 1901 ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


List Of Crambid Genera
The large moth family Crambidae The Crambidae are the grass moth family of lepidopterans. They are variable in appearance, the nominal subfamily Crambinae (grass moths) taking up closely folded postures on grass stems where they are inconspicuous, while other subfamilies includ ... contains many genera. References * {{DEFAULTSORT:Crambid - Crambid ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  


Musotiminae
Musotiminae is a subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1884 Genera *'' Aeolopetra'' *'' Albusambia'' *'' Ambia'' (= ''Metathyrida'' , ''Metathyridia'' ) *'' Austromusotima'' *'' Baeoptila'' *'' Barisoa'' *'' Cilaus'' *'' Drosophantis'' *'' Elachypteryx'' *'' Eugauria'' *'' Lygomusotima'' *'' Malleria'' *'' Midilambia'' *'' Musotima'' (= ''Musotina'' ) *'' Neomusotima'' *'' Neurophyseta'' (= ''Cymoriza'' , ''Cymorrhiza'' , ''Neurophysetis'' , ''Omphaloptera'' ) *'' Odilla'' *'' Panotima'' *'' Parthenodes'' *'' Siamusotima'' *''Thysanoidma'' *''Undulambia'' (= ''Ambia albitesselalis'' ) *'' Uthinia'' *''Yoshiyasua ''Yoshiyasua'' is a grass moth genus (family Crambidae) of subfamily Musotiminae. Some authors have placed it in the snout moth family (Pyralidae), where all grass moths were once also included, but this seems to be in error. The genus contains o ...'' (= ''Melanochroa'' ) References * , 1998: The ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]  




Linostinae
''Linosta'' is a genus of moths of the family Crambidae and only genus in the Linostinae subfamily. Species *''Linosta annulifera'' Munroe, 1959 *''Linosta centralis'' Munroe, 1959 *''Linosta integrilinea'' Munroe, 1962 *''Linosta sinceralis ''Linosta sinceralis'' is a moth in the family Crambidae. It was described by Heinrich Benno Möschler in 1882. It is found in the Guianas The Guianas, sometimes called by the Spanish loan-word ''Guayanas'' (''Las Guayanas''), is a region ...'' Möschler, 1882 References Crambidae Crambidae genera {{Crambidae-stub ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]     OR:     [Wikipedia]   [Google]   [Baidu]