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Racism
Racism
Racism
is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity. Today, the use of the term "racism" does not easily fall under a single definition.[1] The ideology underlying racist practices often includes the idea that humans can be subdivided into distinct groups that are different due to their social behavior and their innate capacities as well as the idea that they can be ranked as inferior or superior.[2] Historical examples of institutional racism include the Holocaust, the apartheid regime in South Africa, and slavery and segregation in the United States
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University Of Alabama
The University
University
of Alabama
Alabama
( Alabama
Alabama
or UA) is a public research university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States, and the flagship of the University
University
of Alabama
Alabama
System. Founded in 1820, UA is the oldest[4] and largest of the public universities in Alabama. UA offers programs of study in 13 academic divisions leading to bachelor's, master's, Education Specialist, and doctoral degrees. The only publicly supported law school in the state is at UA
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Vivian Malone
Vivian Juanita Malone Jones (July 15, 1942 – October 13, 2005) was one of the first two black students to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963, and in 1965 became the university's first black graduate. She was made famous when Alabama Governor George Wallace attempted to block her and James Hood
James Hood
from enrolling at the all-white university.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 University of Alabama 3 Later life 4 Death 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksEarly life[edit] Malone was born in Monroe County, Alabama
Monroe County, Alabama
in 1942, the fourth of eight children. Her parents both worked at Brookley Air Force Base; her father served in maintenance and her mother worked as a domestic servant.[2] Her parents emphasized the importance of receiving an education and made sure that their children attended college
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Anti-Masonry
Anti-Masonry
Anti-Masonry
(alternatively called Anti-Freemasonry) is defined as "avowed opposition to Freemasonry".[1] However, there is no homogeneous anti-Masonic movement
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Leprosy Stigma
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae
Mycobacterium leprae
or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.[3][4] Initially, infections are without symptoms and typically remain this way for 5 to 20 years.[3] Symptoms that develop include granulomas of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes.[3] This may result in a lack of ability to feel pain, thus loss of parts of extremities due to repeated injuries or infection due to unnoticed wounds.[2] Weakness and poor eyesight may also be present.[2]
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Ethnopluralism
Ethnopluralism or ethno-pluralism is a hypothetical far right and neo-fascist-associated model where self governing regions divided by ethnicity would be established.[1][2] Proponents describe it as an alternative to multiculturalism that would attempt to prevent cultural assimilation and cultural homogenization.[3][4] The movement is closely associated with the Nouvelle Droite
Nouvelle Droite
and French academic Alain de Benoist.[1] Policy[edit] Ethnopluralism has been proposed by some in the radical right as a means to facilitate nationalism.[5] Implementing this policy would require ethnic cleansing to establish separate territories for different ethnic groups.[4] Ethnopluralism emphasizes the separation of varying ethnic and cultural groups, in contrast to cultural integration and intra-cultural diversity
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Definitions Of Whiteness In The United States
The legal and social strictures defining white Americans, and distinguishing them from persons not considered white by the government and society, has varied throughout U.S. history.Contents1 Background 2 Specific ethnic groups2.1 African Americans 2.2 Asian Americans2.2.1 East Asian Americans 2.2.2 West Asian and Central Asian Americans2.2.2.1 Arab Americans 2.2.2.2 Armenian Americans 2.2.2.3 Jewish Americans2.2.3 South Asian Americans2.3 European Americans2.3.1 Finnish Americans 2.3.2 German Americans 2.3.3 Italian Americans2.4 Hispanic
Hispanic
Americans2.4.1 Mexican Americans 2.4.2 Latino Caribbean2.5 Native Americans 2.6 North Africans in the United States3 See also 4 References 5 Further readingBackground[edit] By the 18th century, "white" had become well established as a racial term at a time when slavery of African-Americans was widespread.[1] David R
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African American
Origins of the civil rights movement
Origins of the civil rights movement
· Civil rights movement
Civil rights movement
· Black Power movementPost–civil rights era
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Elitism
Elitism is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite — a select group of people with a certain ancestry, intrinsic quality, high intellect, wealth, special skills, or experience — are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole, and therefore deserve influence or authority greater than that of others. In the United States, the term elitism often refers to the concentration of power in the Northeast Corridor and on the West Coast, where the typical American elite resides – lawyers, doctors, high-level civil servants (such as White House
White House
aides), businesspeople, university lecturers, entrepreneurs, and financial advisors in the quaternary sector, often in established technological or political catchments of their higher education alma mater.[1] Alternatively, the term elitism may be used to describe a situation in which power is concentrated in the hands of a limited number of people
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Audism
Audism is the notion that one is superior based on one's ability to hear or to behave in the manner of one who hears, or that life without hearing is futile and miserable, or an attitude based on pathological thinking which results in a negative stigma toward anyone who does not hear.[1] Tom L. Humphries coined the term in his doctoral dissertation in 1975[2], but it did not start to catch on until Harlan Lane used it in his own writings
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Heteronormativity
Heteronormativity
Heteronormativity
is the belief that people fall into distinct and complementary genders (male and female) with natural roles in life. It assumes that heterosexuality is the only sexual orientation or only norm, and that sexual and marital relations are most (or only) fitting between people of opposite sexes. A "heteronormative" view therefore involves alignment of biological sex, sexuality, gender identity and gender roles
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Genderism
Genderism, or gender binarism, is the social system or cultural belief that gender is a binary: that is, that there are, or should be, only two genders—masculine and feminine—with the aspects of one's gender inherently linked to one's genetic sex, or sex assigned at birth. These aspects may include expectations of dressing, behavior, sexual orientation, names or pronouns, preferred restroom, or other qualities.[1] These expectations may reinforce negative attitudes, bias, and discrimination towards people who display expressions of gender variance or nonconformity or whose gender identity is incongruent with their birth sex.[2] Genderism
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Cronyism
Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends, family relatives or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations.[1] For instance, this includes appointing "cronies" to positions of authority, regardless of their qualifications.[2] Cronyism exists when the appointer and the beneficiary such as an appointee are in social or business contact. Often, the appointer needs support in his or her own proposal, job or position of authority, and for this reason the appointer appoints individuals who will not try to weaken his or her proposals, vote against issues, or express views contrary to those of the appointer
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Persecution Of Autistic People
Autistic people have been subjected to discrimination and persecution. Prevalence[edit] Research published in 2013 reported the results of a survey taken of a national sample of American parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) conducted by the Kennedy Krieger Institute. The study found that 38 percent of the children with ASDs experienced bullying over a one-month period, and 28% were frequently bullied. Of those bullied, 69% experienced emotional trauma, 14% feared for their safety, and 8% suffered physical injury.[1] In 2011, a 10-year-old autistic boy from Pakistan
Pakistan
was granted political asylum in the United States on that ground that his autism-related behavior, which included compulsions and violent episodes of self-harm, placed him at risk of torture and persecution if returned to his native country
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Religious Discrimination
Religious discrimination treating a person or group differently because of what they believe in.[citation needed] Specifically, it is when adherents of different religions (or denominations) are treated unequally, either before the law or in institutional settings such as employment or housing. Religious discrimination is related to religious persecution, the most extreme forms of which would include instances in which people have been executed for beliefs perceived to be heretic. Laws which only carry light punishments are described as mild forms of religious persecution or as religious discrimination. Even in societies where freedom of religion is a constitutional right, adherents of religious minorities sometimes voice concerns about religious discrimination against them
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Discrimination Based On Hair Texture
Discrimination
Discrimination
based on hair texture is a form of injustice resulting in human beings being treated differently based on the stigma attached to hair texture in society. Hair texture varies from straight hair to the curlier, coil and kinkier hair. Curly hair also has its own variation ranging from very loose curls to the very tightly packed afro textured hair. Straight hair enjoys a higher prestige and is more widely accepted in both professional settings and everyday settings
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