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Qazvin
QAZVIN (/kæzˈviːn/ ; Persian : قزوین‎‎, IPA: ( listen ), also Romanized as Qazvīn, Caspin, Qazwin, or Ghazvin) is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin
Qazvin
in Iran
Iran
. Qazvin was an ancient capital in the Safavid
Safavid
dynasty and nowadays is known as the calligraphy capital of Iran. It is famous for its Baghlava , carpet patterns, poets, political newspaper and pahlavi (Middle Persian ) influence on its accent. At the 2011 census, its population was 381,598. Located in 150 km (93 mi) northwest of Tehran
Tehran
, in the Qazvin Province , it is at an altitude of about 1,800 m (5,900 ft) above sea level. The climate is cold but dry, due to its position south of the rugged Alborz
Alborz
range called KTS Atabakiya
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Persian People
The PERSIANS are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran
Iran
. They share a common cultural system and are native speakers of the Persian language
Persian language
, as well as closely related languages. The ancient Persians were a nomadic branch of the ancient Iranian population that entered modern-day Iran
Iran
by the early 10th century BC. Together with their compatriot allies, they established and ruled some of the world's most powerful empires, well-recognized for their massive cultural, political, and social influence covering much of the territory and population of the ancient world. Throughout history, the Persians have contributed greatly to various forms of art , owning one of the world\'s most prominent literary traditions , and have made contributions in numerous other fields, including mathematics, theology, medicine, and various other sciences
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Ani
ANI (Armenian : Անի; Greek : Ἄνιον, Ánion; Latin : Abnicum; Georgian : ანი, Ani, or ანისი, Anisi; Turkish : Ani) is a ruined medieval Armenian city now situated in Turkey
Turkey
's province of Kars
Kars
, next to the closed border with Armenia
Armenia
. Between 961 and 1045, it was the capital of the Bagratid Armenian kingdom that covered much of present-day Armenia
Armenia
and eastern Turkey. Called the "City of 1001 Churches", Ani
Ani
stood on various trade routes and its many religious buildings , palaces, and fortifications were amongst the most technically and artistically advanced structures in the world. At its height, the population of Ani
Ani
probably was on the order of 100,000
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Romanize
ROMANIZATION (also spelled ROMANISATION: see spelling differences ), in linguistics , is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Roman (Latin) script , or a system for doing so. Methods of romanization include transliteration , for representing written text, and transcription , for representing the spoken word, and combinations of both. Transcription methods can be subdivided into phonemic transcription, which records the phonemes or units of semantic meaning in speech, and more strict phonetic transcription, which records speech sounds with precision
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Persian Language
PERSIAN (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/ ), also known by its endonym FARSI (فارسی fārsi ( listen )), is one of the Western Iranian languages
Iranian languages
within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family . It is primarily spoken in Iran
Iran
, Afghanistan (officially known as Dari since 1958), and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era), and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
Iran
. It is written in the Persian alphabet , a modified variant of the Arabic script
Arabic script

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Telephone Numbering Plan
A TELEPHONE NUMBERING PLAN is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans
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Tehran
TEHRAN (Persian : تهران‎ Tehrân, pronounced ( listen )) is the capital of Iran
Iran
and Tehran Province . With a population of around 8.8 million in the city and 15 million in its larger metropolitan area , Tehran
Tehran
is the most populous city in Iran
Iran
and Western Asia
Asia
, and it has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East
Middle East
. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area. In the Classical era , part of the territory of present-day Tehran was occupied by Rhages , a prominent Median city. It was subject to destruction following the Arab , Turkic , and Mongol invasions. Its modern-day inheritor remains as an urban area absorbed into the metropolitan area of Greater Tehran
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Altitude
ALTITUDE or HEIGHT (sometimes known as DEPTH) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, and many more). As a general definition, altitude is a distance measurement, usually in the vertical or "up" direction, between a reference datum and a point or object. The reference datum also often varies according to the context. Although the term altitude is commonly used to mean the height above sea level of a location, in geography the term elevation is often preferred for this usage. Vertical distance measurements in the "down" direction are commonly referred to as depth
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Asia Minor
Coordinates : 39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35 The traditional definition of Anatolia
Anatolia
within modern Turkey
Turkey
ANATOLIA (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ – "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern Turkish : Anadolu), in geography known as ASIA MINOR (from Greek : Μικρὰ Ἀσία Mīkrá Asía – "small Asia"; in modern Turkish : Küçük Asya), ASIAN TURKEY, ANATOLIAN PENINSULA, or ANATOLIAN PLATEAU, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia , which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey
Turkey
. The region is bounded by the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the north, the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south, and the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
to the west
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Shapur II Of Persia
SHAPUR II (Middle Persian : 𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩‎ Šāpuhr), also known as SHAPUR II THE GREAT, was the tenth Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire . The longest-reigning monarch in Iranian history , he reigned for his entire 70-year life from 309 to 379. He was the son of Hormizd II (r. 302–309). His reign saw the military resurgence of the country, and the expansion of its territory, which marked the start of the first Sasanian golden era. He is thus along with Shapur I and Khosrow I regarded as one of the most illustrious Sasanian kings. His three direct successors, on the other hand, were less successful. Shapur II pursued a harsh religious policy. Under his reign, the collection of the Avesta , the sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, was completed, heresy and apostasy were punished, and Christians were persecuted. The latter was a reaction against the Christianization of the Roman Empire by Constantine the Great
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Persian Gulf
The PERSIAN GULF (Persian : خلیج فارس‎, translit. Xalij-e Fârs, lit. 'Gulf of Fars') is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia . The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
( Gulf of Oman ) through the Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
and lies between Iran
Iran
to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest. The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline. The Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
was a battlefield of the 1980–1988 Iran– Iraq
Iraq
War , in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers . It is the namesake of the 1991 Gulf War , the largely air- and land-based conflict that followed Iraq
Iraq
's invasion of Kuwait
Kuwait

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Kingdom Of Georgia
The KINGDOM OF GEORGIA (Georgian : საქართველოს სამეფო), also known as the GEORGIAN EMPIRE, was a medieval monarchy which emerged circa 1008 AD . It reached its Golden Age of political and economic strength during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar the Great from 11th to 13th centuries. At the peak of its dominance, the kingdom's influence spanned from the south of modern-day Ukraine
Ukraine
to the northern provinces of Iran
Iran
, while also maintaining religious possessions in the Holy Land
Holy Land
and Greece . A predominantly Christian , Georgian -speaking realm, it was the principal historical precursor of present-day Georgia . Lasting for several centuries, the kingdom fell to the Mongol invasions in the 13th century, but managed to re-assert sovereignty by the 1340s
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Alborz
ALBORZ ( listen (help ·info ) Persian : البرز‎‎), also spelled as ALBURZ, ELBURZ or ELBORZ, is a mountain range in northern Iran
Iran
that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
and finally runs northeast and merges into the Aladagh Mountains in the northern parts of Khorasan . This mountain range is divided into Western, Central, and Eastern Alborz
Alborz
Mountains. The Western Alborz
Alborz
Range (usually called the Talish Mountains ) runs south-southeastward almost along the western coast of the Caspian Sea
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Hulagu Khan
HULAGU KHAN, also known as HüLEGü or HULEGU (Mongolian : Хүлэгү/ᠬᠦᠯᠡᠭᠦ, translit. Khülegü/Qülegü; Chagatai : ہلاکو; Persian : هولاکو خان‎‎; Chinese : 旭烈兀; pinyin : Xùlièwù; c. 1218 – 8 February 1265), was a Mongol ruler who conquered much of Western Asia
Western Asia
. Son of Tolui and the Keraite princess Sorghaghtani Beki , he was a grandson of Genghis Khan and brother of Ariq Böke
Ariq Böke
, Möngke Khan
Möngke Khan
, and Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan
. Hulagu's army greatly expanded the southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire , founding the Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate
of Persia , a precursor to the eventual Safavid dynasty
Safavid dynasty
, and then the modern state of Iran
Iran

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UTC+4
UTC+04:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +04. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-08T04:26:45+04:00
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1921 Persian Coup D'état
Persian Cossack Brigade victory * power takeover by Sayyed Ziaoddin Tabatabaee * suppression of Colonel Pessian 's revolt and dissolution of the Autonomous Government of Khorasan * dissolution of the Republic of Gilan * continuing conflict with Simko Shikak until 1922 * deterioration of Persian control over Sheikh Khazal 's Emirate of Mohammerah until 1925 GOVERNMENT-INSURGENTS Government of Persia Persian Cossack Brigade Supported by: United Kingdom COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Fathollah Khan Akbar Rezā Khan Mirpanj Zia\'eddin Tabatabaee Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi Edmund Ironside STRENGTH 1,500 Persian Cossacks CASUALTIES AND LOSSES several policemen killed or injured in Tehran during the coup1921 PERSIAN COUP D\'éTAT, known in Iran as 3 ESFAND COUP D\'éTAT (Persian : کودتای ۳ اسفند ۱۲۹۹‎‎), refers to several major events in Persia (Iran) in 1921, which even
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