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Philosophical
Philosophy
Philosophy
(from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom"[1][2][3][4]) is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.[5][6] The term was probably coined by Pythagoras
Pythagoras
(c. 570–495 BCE)
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Jain Philosophy
Vedic philosophyAgastya Aruni Ashtavakra Atri Vashistha YajnavalkyaMimamsaJaiminiVedantaAdvaitaBadarayana Gaudapada Adi ShankaraDvaitaMadhvacharyaSri VaishnavismRamanujaNeo-VedantaVivekananda AurobindoSamkhyaKapilaYogaPatanjaliNyayaGotamaNavya-NyāyaGangesha UpadhyayaVaisheshikaKanadaNāstika (heterodox)Ājīvika Charvaka Kashmir ShaivismAbhinavaguptaPratyabhijna TantraTamilValluvam ValluvarOtherChanakyaGeneral topicsAhimsa Atomism AtmanĀtman (Hinduism) Ātman (Buddhism) Ātman (Jainism)Artha Anekantavada Brahman Dharma Indian logic Karma Kama Maya Metta Moksha Nondualism Samadhi Pramana YogaJainismHaribhadra UmaswatiBuddhismBuddhaTraditionsMadhyamikaNagarjunaYogacaraVasubandhu Dharmakirti
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The School Of Athens
The School of Athens
The School of Athens
(Italian: Scuola di Atene) is one of the most famous frescoes by the Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance
artist Raphael. It was painted between 1509 and 1511 as a part of Raphael's commission to decorate the rooms now known as the Stanze di Raffaello, in the Apostolic Palace
Apostolic Palace
in the Vatican
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Index Of Sociopolitical Thinkers
The following is an index of sociopolitical thinkers listed by the first name. Alphabetical list[edit]Abraham Joshua Heschel Abul Kalam Azad Adam Müller Adolf Hitler Adrian Johnston Alan Carter Alan Ryan Alastair Norcross Alexander of Aphrodisias Alexis de Tocqueville Alfred Rosenberg Al-Ghazali Ali Shariati Alon Ben-Meir Andrei Marga António Castanheira Neves Antonio Negri Aristotle Armin Mohler Arthur Linton Corbin Arthur Moeller van den Bruck Auberon Herbert Averroes Axel Honneth Ayn Rand Benjamin Tucker Bertrand de Jouvenel Bertrand Russell B. R. Ambedkar Boris Furlan Bruce Lee Bruno Leoni Bryan Caplan Carl Joachim Friedrich Carl Schmitt Carlo Lottieri Chanakya Charles C. Ragin Charles Taylor C. Wright Mills Cheng Hao Cheng Yi Cicero Claude Lefort Claude Lévi-Strauss Claudio Canaparo Confucius Constantin Rădulescu-Motru Cornel West Cornelius Castoriadis Costas Douzinas Dana Ward Daniel Guérin David D
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List Of Ethicists
List of ethicists including religious or political figures recognized by those outside their tradition as having made major contributions to ideas about ethics, or raised major controversies by taking strong positions on previously unexplored problems. All are known for an ethical work or problem, but a few are primarily authors or satirists, or known as a mediator, politician, futurist or scientist, rather than as an ethicist or philosopher. Some controversial figures are included, some of whom you may see as bad examples. A few are included because their names have become synonymous with certain ethical debates, but only if they personally elaborated an ethical theory justifying their actions.ContentsTop A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also External linksA[edit]Pierre Abélard Ambedkar John Stevens Cabot Abbott Mortimer Adler Nayef Al-Rodhan Thomas Aquinas Nomy Arpaly Ambrose Andronicus of Rhodes Julia Annas G. E. M
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List Of Aestheticians
This is a list of aestheticians (or aestheticists), philosophers of art, and aesthetes. That is, people who theorize about the nature of art and beauty. See also: Index of aesthetics articlesContentsTop A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZExternal linksA[edit]Virgil Aldrich Anandavardhana Sri Aurobindo John Anderson Yves Marie André St. Thomas Aquinas Aristotle
Aristotle
(see Poetics and Rhetoric) Rudolf Arnheim Mazen Asfour Georg Anton Friedrich Ast St. Augustine of Hippo Jody Azzouni AbhinavaguptaB[edit]Victor Basch Yusuf Balasagun Roland Barthes Georges Bataille Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten Monroe Beardsley Vissarion Belinsky Clive Bell Walter Benjamin Arnold Berleant George Birkhoff Max Black Maurice Blanchot Harold Bloom Georg Brandes Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin Ferruccio BusoniC[edit]John Cage Cesare Brandi Stanley Cavell R. G. Collingwood Victor Cousin Benedetto Croce Gregory CurrieD[edit]Arthur Danto William C
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Ancient Greek Architecture
The architecture of ancient Greece
Greece
is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy
Italy
for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC.[1] Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
architecture is best known from its temples, many of which are found throughout the region, mostly as ruins but many substantially intact. The second important type of building that survives all over the Hellenic world is the open-air theatre, with the earliest dating from around 525-480 BC
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Raphael
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino[2] (Italian: [raffaˈɛllo ˈsantsjo da urˈbiːno]; March 28 or April 6, 1483 – April 6, 1520),[3] known as Raphael
Raphael
(/ˈræfeɪəl/, US: /ˈræfiəl, ˌrɑːfaɪˈɛl/), was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance. His work is admired for its clarity of form, ease of composition, and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur.[4] Together with Michelangelo
Michelangelo
and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period.[5] Raphael
Raphael
was enormously productive, running an unusually large workshop and, despite his death at 37, leaving a large body of work. Many of his works are found in the Vatican Palace, where the frescoed Raphael Rooms were the central, and the largest, work of his career
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Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha[note 3] (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama,[note 4] Shakyamuni Buddha,[4][note 5] or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage,[4] on whose teachings Buddhism
Buddhism
was founded.[5] He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[6][note 6] Gautama taught a Middle Way
Middle Way
between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement[7] common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India
India
such as Magadha
Magadha
and Kosala.[6][8] Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism
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List Of Metaphysicians
This is a list of metaphysicians, philosophers who specialize in metaphysics. See also Lists of philosophers. See also: Index of metaphysics articles Metaphysicians born before 1900[edit]Pythagoras Democritus Heraclitus Anaximander Plotinus Lucretius Proclus Lycaeus Zeno of Elea Parmenides Protagoras Plato Aristotle Thomas Aquinas Duns Scotus Galileo Galilei René Descartes Anne Conway (philosopher) Baruch Spinoza Nicolas Malebranche John McTaggart Gottfried Leibniz George Berkeley Immanuel Kant Georg W. F. Hegel Arthur Schopenhauer Austin Osman Spare Nicolai Hartmann Martin Heidegger Gottlob Frege G. E. Moore Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Bertrand Russell Alfred North Whitehead Henri Bergson Ludwig Wittgenstein George Holmes HowisonMetaphysicians born after 1900[edit]Marilyn McCord Adams Robert Merrihew Adams William Alston David Malet Armstrong Alain Badiou Lynne Rudder Baker Paul Benacerraf C. D
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Philosophy (other)
Philosophy
Philosophy
is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence and knowledge. Philosophy
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African Philosophy
African philosophy is philosophy produced by African people, philosophy that presents African worldviews, or philosophy that uses distinct African philosophical methods.[1] African philosophers may be found in the various academic fields of philosophy, such as metaphysics, epistemology, moral philosophy, and political philosophy.Contents1 Definition 2 Types 3 Pre-modern3.1 North Africa3.1.1 Christian 3.1.2 Islamic3.2 West Africa3.2.1 Islamic3.3 Horn of Africa 3.4 Southern Africa 3.5 Central Africa 3.6 African Diaspora4 Modern4.1 Ethnophilosophy and philosop
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List Of Logicians
A logician is a person whose topic of scholarly study is logic. Some famous logicians are listed below in English alphabetical transliteration order (by surname).Contents: Top 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZA[edit] Peter Abelard
Peter Abelard
(France, 1079–1142) Wilhelm Ackermann
Wilhelm Ackermann
(Germany, 1896–1962) Sergei Adian (Russia/Soviet Union/Armenia, born 1931) Rodolphus Agricola
Rodolphus Agricola
(Germany, 1443/1444–1485) Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz
Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz
(Poland, 1890–1963) Alcuin
Alcuin
(England/France, c. 735-804) Alan Ross Anderson (USA, 1924–1972) Peter B
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List Of Epistemologists
This is a list of epistemologists, that is, people who theorize about the nature of knowledge, belief formation and the nature of justification. See also: Index of epistemology articlesWilliam Alston Elizabeth Anscombe Thomas Aquinas Aristotle Robert Audi A. J. Ayer Francis Bacon George Berkeley Harry Binswanger David Bohm Laurence Bonjour Berit Brogaard Mario Bunge Judith Butler David Chalmers Noam Chomsky Jonathan Dancy Simone de Beauvoir René Descartes Fred Dretske Nader El-Bizri Margaret Elizabeth Egan Catherine Elgin Heinz von Foerster Edmund Gettier Ernst von Glasersfeld Alvin Goldman Emma Goldman Nelson Goodman John Greco Paul Grice Susan Haack Donna Haraway Sandra Harding Gilbert Harman Sally Haslanger Friedrich A. Hayek G.W.F. Hegel John Hawthorne Thomas Hobbes David Hume James VI and I Carrie Ichikawa Jenkins Immanuel Kant Søren Kierkegaard Peter D
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Platonism
Platonism, rendered as a proper noun, is the philosophy of Plato
Plato
or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it. In narrower usage, platonism, rendered as a common noun, refers to the philosophy that affirms the existence of abstract objects, which are asserted to "exist" in a "third realm" distinct both from the sensible external world and from the internal world of consciousness, and is the opposite of nominalism.[1] Lower case "platonists" need not accept any of the doctrines of Plato.[1] In a narrower sense, the term might indicate the doctrine of Platonic realism. The central concept of Platonism, a distinction essential to the Theory of Forms, is the distinction between the reality which is perceptible but unintelligible, and the reality which is imperceptible but intelligible
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