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Onygenaceae
The ONYGENACEAE are a family of fungi in the Ascomycota
Ascomycota
, class Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes

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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy
Linnaean taxonomy
for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
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Family (biology)
In biological classification , FAMILY (Latin : familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks ; it is classified between order and genus . A family may be divided into subfamilies , which are intermediate ranks above the rank of genus . In vernacular usage , a family may be named after one of its common members; for example, walnuts and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae
Juglandaceae
, commonly known as the walnut family. What does or does not belong to a family—or whether a described family should be recognized at all—are proposed and determined by practicing taxonomists. There are no hard rules for describing or recognizing a family, or any taxa. Taxonomists often take different positions about descriptions of taxa, and there may be no broad consensus across the scientific community for some time
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Index Fungorum
INDEX FUNGORUM is an international project to index all formal names (scientific names ) in the Fungus Kingdom . As of 2015 the project is based at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew , one of three partners along with Landcare Research and the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences . It is somewhat comparable to the International Plant Names Index (IPNI), in which the Royal Botanic Gardens is also involved. A difference is that where IPNI does not indicate correct names , the Index Fungorum does indicate the status of a name. In the returns from the search page a currently correct name is indicated in green, while others are in blue (a few, aberrant usages of names are indicated in red). All names are linked to pages giving the correct name, with lists of synonyms
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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Portal
PORTAL may refer to: * Portal (architecture) , a monumental gate or door, or the extremities (ends) of a tunnel * Portals in fiction , magical or technological doorways that connect two locations, dimensions, or points in time * _ Portal _, a video game series developed by Valve Corporation CONTENTS* 1 Computing * 1.1 Gateways to information * 1.2 Other computing * 2 Art, entertainment, and media


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Main Page
The 1983 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON was the least active Atlantic hurricane season in 53 years. Although the season begins by convention on June 1, there were no tropical depressions until July 23, and only four of the season's seven depressions became tropical storms . Tropical Depression Three became Hurricane Alicia_(satellite image pictured)_ on August 17 and made landfall in Texas the next day, breaking thousands of glass windows in Houston's skyscrapers, killing 22 people and causing $1.7 billion in damage. The storm that became Hurricane Barry formed on August 25, crossed Florida, and made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
, dissipating five days later. Hurricane Chantal stayed out at sea, and was absorbed by a front on September 15. Tropical Depression Six formed on September 19 and caused heavy rains in the Caribbean
Caribbean

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Christian Hendrik Persoon
CHRISTIAAN HENDRIK PERSOON (1 February 1761 – 16 November 1836) was a mycologist who made additions to Linnaeus ' mushroom taxonomy . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Education * 3 Later years * 4 Academic career * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFEPersoon was born in South Africa
South Africa
at the Cape of Good Hope
Cape of Good Hope
, the third child of an immigrant Pomeranian father and Dutch mother. His mother died soon after he was born; at the age of thirteen his father (who died a year later) sent him to Europe for his education. EDUCATIONInitially studying theology at Halle , at age 22 (in 1784) Persoon switched to medicine at Leiden
Leiden
and Göttingen
Göttingen
. He received a doctorate from the "Kaiserlich-Leopoldinisch-Carolinische Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher" in 1799
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Histoplasma
Histoplasma capsulatum
Histoplasma capsulatum
Histoplasma duboisii HISTOPLASMA is a genus of dimorphic fungi commonly found in bird and bat fecal material. Histoplasma
Histoplasma
contains a few species, including— Histoplasma capsulatum
Histoplasma capsulatum
—the causative agent of histoplasmosis ; and Histoplasma capsulatum
Histoplasma capsulatum
var. farciminosum (old term, Histoplasma
Histoplasma
farciminosum), causing epizootic lymphangitis in horses. REFERENCES * ^ Giannella RA (1996). Salmonella. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology (Baron S et al, eds.) (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. (via NCBI Bookshelf) ISBN 0-9631172-1-1 . * ^ Ryan KJ; Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9
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Miles Joseph Berkeley
MILES JOSEPH BERKELEY (1 April 1803 – 30 July 1889) was an English cryptogamist and clergyman, and one of the founders of the science of plant pathology . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Family * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links LIFEBerkeley was born at Biggin Hall , Benefield
Benefield
, Northamptonshire, and educated at Rugby School
Rugby School
and Christ\'s College, Cambridge . Taking holy orders , he became incumbent of Apethorpe
Apethorpe
in 1837, and vicar of Sibbertoft, near Market Harborough
Market Harborough
, in 1868. He acquired an enthusiastic love of cryptogamic botany (lichens ) in his early years, and soon was recognized as the leading British authority on fungi and plant pathology . Christ's College made him an honorary fellow in 1883
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Eurotiomycetes
The EUROTIOMYCETES are a class of ascomycetes within the subphylum Pezizomycotina
Pezizomycotina
. Some members of the Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes
were previously grouped in the class Plectomycetes . CONTENTS * 1 Nomenclature * 2 Morphology * 3 References * 4 External links NOMENCLATUREThe scientific classification for this particular class is particularly tricky, with one particular species having both the anamorph , and teleomorph names used in reference to them. * e.g. anamorph form = Penicillium
Penicillium
; teleomorph form = Talaromyces or Eupenicillium . MORPHOLOGYMany members (Eurotiales, Onygenales) produce an enclosed structure cleistothecium within which they produce their spores. REFERENCES * ^ N. Gunde-Cimerman; A. Oren; A. Plemenitaš, eds. (2006). Adaptation to Life at High Salt Concentrations in Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya
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Ascomycota
ASCOMYCOTA is a division or phylum of the kingdom Fungi that, together with the Basidiomycota , form the subkingdom Dikarya . Its members are commonly known as the SAC FUNGI or ASCOMYCETES. They are the largest phylum of Fungi, with over 64,000 species . The defining feature of this fungal group is the "ascus " (from Greek : ἀσκός (_askos_), meaning "sac" or "wineskin"), a microscopic sexual structure in which nonmotile spores , called ascospores , are formed. However, some species of the Ascomycota are asexual , meaning that they do not have a sexual cycle and thus do not form asci or ascospores. Previously placed in the Deuteromycota along with asexual species from other fungal taxa, asexual (or anamorphic ) ascomycetes are now identified and classified based on morphological or physiological similarities to ascus-bearing taxa , and by phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences
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Fungi
Dikarya (inc. Deuteromycota ) Ascomycota Pezizomycotina Saccharomycotina Taphrinomycotina Basidiomycota Agaricomycotina Pucciniomycotina Ustilaginomycotina Subphyla incertae sedis Entomophthoromycotina Kickxellomycotina Mucoromycotina Zoopagomycotina A FUNGUS (/ˈfʌŋɡəs/ ; plural : FUNGI or FUNGUSES ) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds , as well as the more familiar mushrooms . These organisms are classified as a kingdom , FUNGI, which is separate from the other eukaryotic life kingdoms of plants and animals
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Type Genus
In biological classification , especially zoology , the TYPE GENUS is the genus which defines a biological family and the root of the family name. CONTENTS * 1 Zoological nomenclature * 2 Botanical nomenclature * 3 See also * 4 References ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATUREAccording to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature , "The name-bearing type of a nominal family-group taxon is a nominal genus called the 'type genus'; the family-group name is based upon that of the type genus." Any family-group name must have a type genus (and any genus-group name must have a type species , but any species-group name may, but need not, have one or more type specimens). The type genus for a family-group name is also the genus that provided the stem to which was added the ending -idae (for families)
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Onygenales
Ajellomycetaceae Arachnomycetaceae Arthrodermataceae Ascosphaeraceae Gymnoascaceae Onygenaceae The ONYGENALES are an order of Ascomycetes
Ascomycetes
, within the eurotiomycetes Ascomycetes
Ascomycetes
. Onygenales
Onygenales
can consume and break down keratin , the main component of the outer layer of skin. They are primarily found on animals, droppings, and areas frequented by animals. One species, Trichophyton rubrum , is the primary cause of athlete\'s foot . The Onygenales
Onygenales
are important as emerging human pathogens because of the rising rates of immunosuppression due to live-organ transplant, HIV/AIDS, and autoimmune disorders such as lupus erythematosus . REFERENCES * ^ "Onygenales". New Brunswick Museum . Retrieved 2012-07-28. * ^ Alexopolous, C.J. W. Mims, Charles. Blackwell, M
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Pectinotrichum
PECTINOTRICHUM is a genus of fungi within the Onygenaceae family. This is a monotypic genus, containing the single species PECTINOTRICHUM LLANENSE. REFERENCES * ^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM. (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota
Ascomycota
– 2007". Myconet. Chicago, USA: The Field Museum, Department of Botany. 13: 1–58
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