C. esteriformis C. histosporocellularis C. immitis C. posadasii C. rosea
COCCIDIOIDES is a genus of dimorphic ascomycetes in the family Onygenaceae . Member species are the cause of coccidioidomycosis , also known as San Joaquin Valley fever , an infectious fungal disease largely confined to the Western Hemisphere and endemic in the Southwestern United States . The host acquires the disease by respiratory inhalation of spores disseminated in their natural habitat. The causative agents of coccidioidomycosis are Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii . Both C. immitis and C. posadasii are indistinguishable during laboratory testing and commonly referred in literature as Coccidioides.
* 1 Clinical presentation * 2 Epidemiology * 3 Etymology * 4 References * 5 External links
Coccidioidomycosis is amazingly diverse in terms of its scope of
clinical presentation, as well as clinical severity. About 60% of
The primary coccidioidomycosis-endemic areas are located in Southern
California and southern Arizona, and northern Mexico, in Sonora, Nuevo
León, Coahuila, and Baja California, where it resides in soil. Both
C. immitis and C. posadasii were viewed as desert saprophytes , but
recent genomic research revealed
The soil fungus
This article cites public domain text from the CDC, as shown.
* ^ Rixford E, Gilchrist TC (1896). "Two cases of protozoan
(coccidioidal) infection of the skin and other organs". Johns Hopkins
Hospital Reports. 1: 209–268 (see p. 243).
* ^ "
Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)". Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC). Retrieved 11 July 2013.
* ^ Fauci, Anthony S. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine.
New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008.
* ^ Baptista-Rosas, Riquelme M., Hinojosa A. Ecological niche