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Magadha
MAGADHA is a region in the Indian states of Bihar
Bihar
, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
, Orissa , West Bengal
West Bengal
and the nations of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and Nepal
Nepal
and formed one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas
Mahajanapadas
( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "Great Countries") of ancient India. The core of the kingdom was the area of Bihar
Bihar
south of the Ganges
Ganges
; its first capital was Rajagriha (modern Rajgir
Rajgir
), then Pataliputra (modern Patna
Patna
)
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Astronomy
ASTRONOMY (from Greek : ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena. It applies mathematics , physics , and chemistry , in an effort to explain the origin of those objects and phenomena and their evolution . Objects of interest include planets , moons , stars , galaxies , and comets ; the phenomena include supernova explosions , gamma ray bursts , and cosmic microwave background radiation . More generally, all phenomena that originate outside Earth\'s atmosphere are within the purview of astronomy. A related but distinct subject, physical cosmology , is concerned with the study of the Universe
Universe
as a whole. Astronomy
Astronomy
is one of the oldest of the natural sciences
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Indian Philosophy
INDIAN PHILOSOPHY (Sanskrit : दर्शन or darśana) comprises the ancient philosophical traditions of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. The schools of Indian philosophical thought are classified as either orthodox or heterodox – āstika or nāstika – depending on one of three alternate criteria: whether it believes the Vedas
Vedas
are a valid source of knowledge; whether the school believes in the premises of Brahman
Brahman
and Atman ; and whether the school believes in afterlife and Devas
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Bodh Gaya
BODH GAYA is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar
Bihar
. It is famous as it is the place where Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
is said to have obtained Enlightenment (Pali: bodhi) under what became known as the Bodhi Tree
Bodhi Tree
. For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya
Bodh Gaya
is the most important of the main four pilgrimage sites related to the life of Gautama Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar
Kushinagar
, Lumbini
Lumbini
, and Sarnath . In 2002, Mahabodhi Temple, located in Bodh Gaya, became a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site

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Arthashastra
DIVISIONS * Samhita * Brahmana
Brahmana
* Aranyaka * Upanishads Upanishads RIG
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Nepal
NEPAL (/nəˈpɔːl/ ( listen ); Nepali : नेपाल Nepāl ), officially the FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF NEPAL (Nepali : सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl), is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia . Nepal
Nepal
is divided into 7 states and 77 districts and 744 local units including 4 metropolises, 13 sub-metropolises, 246 municipal councils and 481 villages. It has a population of 26.4 million and is the 93rd largest country by area. Bordering China
China
in the north and India
India
in the south, east, and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state . Nepal
Nepal
does not border Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, which is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip
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Indian Mathematics
INDIAN MATHEMATICS emerged in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 CE to 1600 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata
Aryabhata
, Brahmagupta , Mahāvīra , Bhaskara II , Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji . The decimal number system in worldwide use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number, negative numbers , arithmetic , and algebra . In addition, trigonometry was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there
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Ganges
Coordinates : 25°18′N 83°01′E / 25.30°N 83.01°E / 25.30; 83.01 Part of a series on HINDUISM * Hindu
Hindu
* History Concepts GOD / HIGHEST REALITY * Brahman
Brahman
*
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Puranas
The word PURANAS (Sanskrit : पुराण, purāṇa, /pʊˈrɑːnəz/ ) literally means "ancient, old", and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly myths, legends and other traditional lore. Composed primarily in Sanskrit, but also in regional languages, several of these texts are named after major Hindu
Hindu
deities such as Vishnu, Shiva
Shiva
and Devi. The Puranas
Puranas
genre of literature is found in both Hinduism
Hinduism
and Jainism
Jainism
. The Puranic literature is encyclopedic, and it includes diverse topics such as cosmogony , cosmology , genealogies of gods, goddesses, kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, folk tales, pilgrimages, temples, medicine, astronomy, grammar, mineralogy, humor, love stories, as well as theology and philosophy
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Odisha
ODISHA ( /əˈdɪsə/ ( listen ); formerly ORISSA, /ɒˈrɪsə, ɔː-, oʊ-/ ) is one of the 29 states of India
India
, located in eastern India. It is surrounded by the states of West Bengal
West Bengal
to the north-east, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
to the south. Odisha
Odisha
has 485 kilometres (301 mi) of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Ganjam . It is the 9th largest state by area , and the 11th largest by population . It is also the 3rd most populous state of India
India
in terms of tribal population
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Atharvaveda
DIVISIONS * Samhita * Brahmana * Aranyaka * Upanishads Upanishads RIG VEDIC * Aitareya * Kaushitaki SAMA VEDIC * Chandogya * Kena YAJUR VEDIC * Brihadaranyaka * Isha * Taittiriya * Katha * Shvetashvatara * Maitri ATHARVA VEDIC
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Absolute Monarchy
ABSOLUTE MONARCHY, or DESPOTIC MONARCHY, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature , or customs. These are often, but not always, hereditary monarchies . In contrast, in constitutional monarchies , the head of state 's authority derives from and is legally bounded or restricted by a constitution or legislature
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Jehanabad
JEHANABAD is a town, a Nagar parishad and the headquarters of Jehanabad district in the Indian state of Bihar . In ancient time Jehanabad
Jehanabad
was known as Unta. Earlier, Jehanabad
Jehanabad
was part of Gaya district . The district was separated from Gaya on 1 August 1986. It is 45 km south of Patna
Patna
and 45 km north of Gaya . CONTENTS * 1 Demographics * 2 Transportation * 3 Rail * 4 Road * 5 Tourism * 6 References * 7 External links DEMOGRAPHICSAccording to 2011 India
India
census , Jehanabad
Jehanabad
had a population of 135,196. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Jehanabad
Jehanabad
has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 69%
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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India
India
: 14,135 Indians claimed Sanskrit
Sanskrit
to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India
India
: Nepal
Nepal
: 1,669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit
Sanskrit
as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM Devanagari
Devanagari
(official) Also written in various Brahmic scripts
Brahmic scripts

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Hinduism
ARTS * Bharatanatyam
Bharatanatyam
* Kathak * Kathakali
Kathakali
*
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Pāli Canon
The PāLI CANON ( Pali
Pali
: Tipitaka, Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: IAST
IAST
: Tripiṭaka ) is the standard collection of scriptures in the Theravadan Buddhist tradition, as preserved in the Pāli language . It is the first known and most complete extant early Buddhist canon. It was composed in North India
North India
and was preserved orally until it was committed to writing during the Fourth Buddhist Council in Sri Lanka in 29 BCE
BCE
, approximately 454 years after the death of Gautama Buddha . It was composed by members of Sangha of each ancient major Buddhist sub-tradition. It is written in Pali, Sanskrit, and regional Asian languages. It survives in various versions. The surviving Sri Lankan version is the most complete
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