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Italian Chamber Of Deputies
GOVERNMENT (394) * PD 284 * MDP 38 * AP 26 * CI 16 * Demo.S –CD 14 * Mixed Group 16OPPOSITION PARTIES (236) * M5S 91 * FI 50 * LN 19 * SC –ALA 16 * SI 13 * FdI 11 * Mixed Group 36 ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Partially-open list proportional representation with majority bonus (current house was elected under a semi-proportional system ) LAST ELECTION 24–25 February 2013 NEXT ELECTION 2018 or earlier MEETING PLACE Palazzo Montecitorio , Rome
Rome
WEBSITE http://en.camera.it/ and http://www.camera.it/leg17/46 The CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES (Italian : Camera dei deputati) is a house of the bicameral Parliament of Italy (the other being the Senate of the Republic )
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Next Italian General Election
Paolo Gentiloni Democratic Party The 2018 ITALIAN GENERAL ELECTION is due to be held on 4 March 2018 after the Italian Parliament was dissolved by President Sergio Mattarella on 28 December 2017. Voters will elect the 630 members of the Chamber of Deputies and the 315 elective members of the Senate of the Republic for the 18th legislature of the Republic of Italy , since 1948. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Campaign * 2.1 Electoral programmes * 2.2 Macerata attack * 2.3 Main parties\' slogans * 2.4 Electoral debates * 3 New electoral system * 4 Coalitions and parties * 5 Opinion polling * 6 See also * 7 References BACKGROUNDAt the 2013 general election none of the three main alliances – the centre-right led by Silvio Berlusconi , the centre-left led by Pier Luigi Bersani and the Five Star Movement (M5S) led by Beppe Grillo – won an outright majority in Parliament
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Italian Language
ITALIAN ( italiano (help ·info ) or lingua italiana ) is a Romance language
Romance language
. By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian , is the closest to Latin
Latin
of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy
Italy
, Switzerland
Switzerland
, San Marino
San Marino
, Vatican City and western Istria
Istria
(in Slovenia
Slovenia
and Croatia
Croatia
)
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Florence
FLORENCE (/ˈflɒrəns/ FLOR-əns ; Italian : Firenze ( listen )) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany
Tuscany
. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,083 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area. Florence
Florence
was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era. It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance
Renaissance
, and has been called "the Athens
Athens
of the Middle Ages ". A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy
Italy

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Chamber Of Deputies
The CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES is the legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or also a unicameral legislature. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Lower house
Lower house
in bicameral legislature * 3 Unicameral
Unicameral
legislatures * 4 Defunct chambers of deputies * 5 See also * 6 References DESCRIPTIONHistorically, "French Chamber of Deputies" was the lower house of the French Parliament during the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
, the July Monarchy
Monarchy
, and the French Third Republic
Republic
; the name is still informally used for the National Assembly under the nation's current Fifth Republic
Republic

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Majority Bonus
The MAJORITY BONUS SYSTEM (MBS) is a form of semi-proportional representation used in some European countries. Its feature is a majority bonus which gives extra seats or representation in an elected body to the party or to the joined parties with the most votes with the aim of providing government stability. It is used in Armenia
Armenia
, Greece
Greece
, Italy
Italy
, and San Marino
San Marino
. HISTORY Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
was the first politician to enact a law to give automatic seats to the winning party and ensured his victory in the Italian election of 1924
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Turin
TURIN (/tjʊˈrɪn/ tyuu-RIN ; Italian : Torino, pronounced ( listen ); Piedmontese : Turin, pronounced ) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy
Italy
. It is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Turin (an administrative division of Italy) and of the Piedmont
Piedmont
region, and was the first capital city of Italy. The city is located mainly on the western bank of the Po River , in front of Susa Valley , and is surrounded by the western Alpine arch and Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 886.837 (31-12-2016) while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million
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Open List
OPEN LIST describes any variant of party-list proportional representation where voters have at least some influence on the order in which a party's candidates are elected. This as opposed to closed list , which allows only active members, party officials, or consultants to determine the order of its candidates and gives the general voter no influence at all on the position of the candidates placed on the party list . Additionally, an open list system allows voters to select individuals rather than parties. Different systems give voter different amounts of influence. Voter's choice is usually called PREFERENCE VOTE
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Proportional Representation
PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party , then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result: not just a plurality , or a bare majority , of them. Proportional representation requires the use of multiple-member voting districts (also called super-districts); it is not possible using single-member districts alone. In fact, the most proportional representation is achieved when just one super-district is used. The two most widely used families of PR electoral systems are party list PR and single transferable vote (STV). Mixed member proportional representation (MMP), also known as the Additional Member System , is a hybrid Mixed Electoral System that uses party list PR as its proportional component
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The Honourable
The prefix THE HONOURABLE or THE HONORABLE (abbreviated to THE HON., HON. or formerly THE HON\'BLE—the latter term is still used in South Asia) is a style that is used before the names of certain classes of people. It is considered to be an honorific styling, and it is only used for living people. Protocol expert Robert Hickey says, "The courtesy title the Honorable is used when addressing or listing the name of a living person
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Parliament
In modern politics and history, a PARLIAMENT is a legislative , elected body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate , making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries. Although some restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems , it is also commonly used to describe the legislature in presidential systems (e.g. the French parliament ), even where it is not in the official name. Historically, parliaments included various kinds of deliberative, consultative, and judicial assemblies, e.g. mediaeval parlements
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Prime Minister
A PRIME MINISTER is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government , often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system . In many systems, the prime minister selects and may dismiss other members of the cabinet, and allocates posts to members within the government. In most systems, the prime minister is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet. In a minority of systems, notably in semi-presidential systems of government, a prime minister is the official who is appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives of the head of state . In parliamentary systems fashioned after the Westminster system
Westminster system
, the prime minister is the presiding and actual head of government and head of the executive branch
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Palazzo Vecchio
The PALAZZO VECCHIO (Italian pronunciation: "Old Palace") is the town hall of Florence
Florence
, Italy. It overlooks the Piazza della Signoria with its copy of Michelangelo
Michelangelo
's David statue as well as the gallery of statues in the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi . Originally called the Palazzo della Signoria, after the Signoria of Florence
Florence
, the ruling body of the Republic of Florence
Florence
, it was also given several other names: Palazzo del Popolo, Palazzo dei Priori, and Palazzo Ducale, in accordance with the varying use of the palace during its long history. The building acquired its current name when the Medici duke's residence was moved across the Arno to the Palazzo Pitti
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Palazzo Carignano
The PALAZZO CARIGNANO is a historical building in the centre of Turin , Italy, which houses the Museum of the Risorgimento . It was a private residence of the Princes of Carignano , after whom it is named. Its rounded façade is different from other façades of the same structure. It is located on the Via Accademia delle Scienze. HISTORY The 19th century rear façade of the Palazzo Carignano
Palazzo Carignano
on Piazza Carlo Alberto. The construction of the Palazzo Carignano
Palazzo Carignano
was ordered by Prince Emmanuel Philibert , son of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano and his French wife Marie de Bourbon . The Prince commissioned architect Guarino Guarini to design a suitable residence for his home and the cadet house of the reigning House of Savoy
House of Savoy

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Italian Unification
Timeline Italy
Italy
portal * v * t * e ITALIAN UNIFICATION (Italian : Unità d'Italia), or the RISORGIMENTO ( , meaning resurgence or revival), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
in the 19th century. The process began in 1815 with the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
and was completed in 1871 when Rome
Rome
became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy. The memory of the Risorgimento is central to both Italian politics and Italian historiography, for this short period (1815–1860) is one of the most contested and controversial in modern Italian history. Italian nationalism was based among intellectuals and political activists, often operating from exile
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Kingdom Of Sardinia
The KINGDOM OF SARDINIA was a state in Southern Europe
Southern Europe
which existed from the early 14th until the mid-19th century. It was the predecessor state of today's Italy
Italy
. When it was acquired by the Duke of Savoy
Savoy
in 1720, it was a small state with weak institutions. However, the Savoyards united it with their possessions on the Italian mainland and, by the time of the Crimean War
Crimean War
in 1853, had built the resulting kingdom into a strong power. The composite state under the rule of Savoy
Savoy
in this period may be called SAVOY-SARDINIA or PIEDMONT-SARDINIA, or even the KINGDOM OF PIEDMONT to emphasise that the island of Sardinia
Sardinia
was of secondary importance to the monarchy. The formal name of the entire Savoyard state was the "States of His Majesty the King of Sardinia"
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