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Hyderabad
HYDERABAD (/ˈhaɪdərəˌbæd/ (_ listen ) HY-dər-ə-bad_ ; often /ˈhaɪdrəˌbæd/ ) is the capital of the southern Indian state of Telangana and _de jure _ capital of Andhra Pradesh . Occupying 650 square kilometres (250 sq mi) along the banks of the Musi River , it has a population of about 6.7 million and a metropolitan population of about 7.75 million, making it the fourth most populous city and sixth most populous urban agglomeration in India. At an average altitude of 542 metres (1,778 ft), much of Hyderabad is situated on hilly terrain around artificial lakes, including Hussain Sagar —predating the city's founding—north of the city centre. Established in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah , Hyderabad remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty for nearly a century before the Mughals captured the region. In 1724, Mughal viceroy Asif Jah I declared his sovereignty and created his own dynasty, known as the Nizams of Hyderabad . The Nizam\'s dominions became a princely state during the British Raj , and remained so for 150 years, with the city serving as its capital. The city continued as the capital of Hyderabad State after it was brought into the Indian Union in 1948, and became the capital of Andhra Pradesh after the States Reorganisation Act, 1956
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Hyderabad, Sindh
HYDERABAD (Sindhi and Urdu
Urdu
: حيدرآباد‎‎ Ḥaidarābād) is a city located in Sindh
Sindh
province of southern Pakistan. Hyderabad is the 8th largest city in Pakistan
Pakistan
and the 2nd largest in the province of Sindh
Sindh
. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Early * 1.2 Founding * 1.3 Capital of Sindh
Sindh
* 2 Demographics * 3 Geography and climate * 4 Economy * 4.1 Administrative divisions * 5 Points of interest * 6 Media * 6.1 Literature * 6.2 Radio and television * 7 Notable people * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links HISTORY Main articles: History of Hyderabad, Pakistan
Pakistan
and Old City (Hyderabad, Pakistan) The Pacco Qillo built by Ghulam Shah still remains today but in a desolate state and a dire need of repair. EARLYIn 711 CE, Arab general Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh, bringing South Asian societies into contact with Islam . Raja Dahir was a Hindu king who ruled over a Buddhist majority and that Chach of Alor
Chach of Alor
and his kin were regarded as usurpers of the earlier Buddhist Rai Dynasty
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Hyderabad State
HYDERABAD STATE ( pronunciation (help ·info )), also known as HYDERABAD DECCAN, was an Indian princely state located in the south-central region of India
India
with its capital at the city of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
. It is now divided into Telangana
Telangana
state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Marathwada region of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
. The state was ruled from 1724 until 1948 by a hereditary Nizam who was initially a Mughal governor of the Deccan before becoming independent. Hyderabad
Hyderabad
gradually became the first princely state to come under British paramountcy signing a subsidiary alliance agreement. After the Indian independence , the state signed a standstill agreement with the new dominion of India
India
, continuing all the previous arrangements except for the stationing of Indian troops in the state. However, with the rise of militant razakars , India found it necessary to station Indian troops and invaded the state in September 1948 to compel the Nizam. Subsequently, the Nizam signed an instrument of accession , joining India
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Hyderabad (other)
HYDERABAD is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Telangana
Telangana

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Metropolis
A METROPOLIS (/mᵻˈtrɒpəlɪs, -plɪs/ ) is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic , political , and cultural center for a country or region , and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications. The term is Greek (Greek : μητρόπολη) and means the "mother city" of a colony (in the ancient sense), that is, the city which sent out settlers. This was later generalized to a city regarded as a center of a specified activity, or any large, important city in a nation. A big city belonging to a larger urban agglomeration, but which is not the core of that agglomeration, is not generally considered a metropolis but a part of it. The plural of the word is metropolises, although the Latin plural is "metropoles", from the Greek "metropoleis" (Greek : μητρoπόλεις)
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Charminar
The CHARMINAR ("Four Minarets"), constructed in 1591, is a monument and mosque located in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, Telangana
Telangana
, India
India
. The landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad, listed among the most recognized structures of India. The Charminar
Charminar
is situated on the east bank of Musi river . To the west lies the Laad Bazaar , and to the southwest lies the richly ornamented granite Makkah Masjid . It is listed as an archaeological and architectural treasure on the official "List of Monuments" prepared by the Archaeological Survey of India
India
. The English name is a translation and combination of the Urdu
Urdu
words Chār and Minar or meenar, translating to "Four Pillars"; the eponymous towers are ornate minarets attached and supported by four grand arches. Some of the popular myths that are recorded in accord with the monument's architectural appearance are as follows: The Archaeological Survey of India
India
(ASI), the current caretaker of the structure, mentions in its records that, "There are various theories regarding the purpose for which Charminar
Charminar
was constructed. However, it is widely accepted that charminar was built at the center of the city, to commemorate the eradication of plague", a deadly disease which was wide spread at that time
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List Of Tallest Buildings In Hyderabad
This LIST OF TALLEST BUILDINGS IN HYDERABAD lists the high-rises in Hyderabad . Hyderabad is witnessing numerous constructions of high-rises as part of its Financial District. As of January 2017, Lodha Bellezza Tower 3,4 (153 metres (502 ft), 45 floors) are the tallest buildings of Hyderabad. CONTENTS * 1 Tallest Buildings * 2 Approved, proposed and on-hold * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links TALLEST BUILDINGSThis list ranks buildings that are already opened or under construction in Hyderabad with at least 20 floors. Buildings that are only approved, On-Hold or proposed are not included in this table
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Hussain Sagar
HUSSAIN SAGAR is a heart shaped lake in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
built by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah in 1563, during the rule of Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah . It is spread across an area of 5.7 square kilometers and is fed by River Musi . A large monolithic statue of the Gautama Buddha , erected in 1992, stands on Gibraltar Rock in the middle of the lake. It also separates Hyderabad
Hyderabad
from its twin city Secunderabad . The maximum depth of the lake is 32 feet. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 \'Heart Of The World\' Recognition by UNWTO * 3 Landmarks and attractions * 3.1 Patton Tank * 3.2 Buddha statue * 3.3 Lumbini Park * 3.4 Birla Mandir * 3.5 Sanjeevaiah Park * 3.6 Prasad\'s IMAX
IMAX
* 3.7 NTR Gardens * 3.8 Tomb of Saidani Maa Sahebaa * 3.9 Sailing * 3.10 Statues of Icons of Telugu culture * 3.11 Other attractions * 4 Transport * 5 Environmental conditions and conservation * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY A view of NSR bus on Tank Bund road c. 1932 Hussain Sagar
Hussain Sagar
was built across a tributary of the river Musi river in 1563 by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah . The lake was named after Hussain Shah Wali , who helped to design it. It is an artificial lake that holds water perennially fed by canals from Musi river
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Golconda Fort
GOLKONDA, also known as GOLCONDA, GOL KONDA ("Round shaped hill"), or GOLLA KONDA, is a citadel and fort in Southern India
India
and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c.1518–1687), is situated 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of Hyderabad . It is also a tehsil of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
district , Telangana
Telangana
, India. The region is known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor , the Hope Diamond
Hope Diamond
and the Nassak Diamond . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Diamonds
Diamonds
* 3 The Fort
Fort
* 4 Naya Qila (New Fort) * 5 Qutub Shahi Tombs * 6 In popular culture * 7 Other places with the same name * 8 Gallery * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Bibliography * 12 External links HISTORY Ruins of the Fort
Fort
Golkonda
Golkonda
was originally known as Mankal. Golkonda
Golkonda
Fort
Fort
was first built by the Kakatiya dynasty as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort
Kondapalli Fort
. The city and the fortress were built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (480 ft) high, surrounded by massive battlements
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Chowmahalla Palace
CHOWMAHALLA PALACE or CHOWMAHALLATUU (4 PALACES), is a palace of the Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
state . It was the seat of the Asaf Jahi dynasty and was the official residence of the Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
while they ruled their state. The palace remains the property of Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah , heir of the Nizams. In Urdu
Urdu
, Hindi
Hindi
Char means four, and even in Persian , Chahar means four and in Urdu
Urdu
and Hindi
Hindi
Mahal means palaces, hence the name Chowmahalla/four palaces. The palace is located in the old city in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
near the Charminar All ceremonial functions including the accession of the Nizams and receptions for the Governor-General were held at this palace. The prestigious UNESCO
UNESCO
Asia Pacific Merit award for cultural heritage conservation was presented to Chowmahalla Palace
Chowmahalla Palace
on 15 March 2010. UNESCO
UNESCO
representative Takahiko Makino formally handed over the plaque and certificate to Princess Esra, former wife and GPA holder of Prince Mukarram Jah Bahadur
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Birla Mandir, Hyderabad
BIRLA MANDIR is a Hindu temple
Hindu temple
, built on a 280 feet (85 m) high hillock called Naubath Pahad on a 13 acres (53,000 m2) plot. The construction took 10 years and was opened in 1976 by Swami Ranganathananda of Ramakrishna Mission . The temple was constructed by Birla Foundation , which has also constructed several similar temples across India, all of which are known as Birla Mandir . CONTENTS * 1 Architecture * 2 About the temple * 3 Transport * 4 External links ARCHITECTURE Birla Mandir at night The temple manifests a blend of Dravidian , Rajasthani and Utkala architectures. It is constructed of 2000 tons of pure white marble. The granite idol of presiding deity Lord Venkateswara is about 11 ft (3.4 m) tall and a carved lotus forms an umbrella on the top. There is a brass flagstaff in the temple premises which rises to a height of 42 ft (13 m). The temple does not have traditional bells, as Swami Ranganathananda wished that the temple atmosphere should be conducive for meditation. ABOUT THE TEMPLEApart from the main shrine, the consorts of Lord Venkateswara, Padmavati and Andal are housed in separate shrines
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (_Bhārat Gaṇarājya_), is a country in South Asia . It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China , Nepal , and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives . India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia . The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste , emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires ; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia
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States And Territories Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories . The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions
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Telangana
^† Temporary Joint Capital with Andhra Pradesh Symbols of Telangana EMBLEM Kakatiya Kala Thoranam , Charminar LANGUAGE Telugu Urdu (regional) SONG Jaya Jaya He Telangana Janani Jayakethanam ANIMAL Spotted deer BIRD Indian Roller FLOWER Senna auriculata FRUIT Mango TREE Prosopis cineraria RIVER Godavari , Krishna River , Manjira River and Musi River SPORT Kabaddi TELANGANA (/tɛlənˈɡɑːnə/ ( listen )) is one of the 29 states in India , located in southern India . Formed on 2 June 2014 as the youngest state(29th) in India , from the northwestern part of the Joint State of Andhra Pradesh , Telangana has an area of 112,077 square kilometres (43,273 sq mi), and a population of 35,193,978 (2011 census). It is the twelfth largest state in India , and the twelfth most populated state in India . Its major cities include Hyderabad , Warangal , Khammam , Karimnagar and Nizamabad . Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and north west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Karnataka to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south
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List Of Regions Of India
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers
Union Council of Ministers
* Cabinet Secretary of India * Civil Services of India -------------------------PARLIAMENT : * Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
* Lok Sabha * The Chairman * The Speaker -------------------------JUDICIARY : * Supreme Court of India * Chief Justice of India * High Courts * District Courts Elections ELECTION COMMISSION : * Chief Election Commissioner Political parties * National parties * State parties -------------------------NATIONAL COALITIONS: * National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance (UPA) State Govt. and Local Govt
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