Telangana (, , ) is a state
situated on the south-central stretch of the Indian peninsula
on the high Deccan Plateau
. It is the eleventh-largest state
and the twelfth-most populated state in India
with a geographical area of and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census
. On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh
as the newly formed state
as its capital. Its other major cities include Warangal
. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra
to the north, Chhattisgarh
to the east, Karnataka
to the west, and Andhra Pradesh
to the east and south.
The terrain of Telangana region consists mostly of hills, mountain ranges, and thick dense forests covering an area of . As of 2019, the state of Telangana is divided into 33 districts.
Throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages, the region now known as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Hindustani powers such as the Mauryans
, Delhi Sultanate
, Bahmani Sultanate
, Golconda Sultanate
. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals of India. The region is known for its ''Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb
'' culture. During the 18th century and the British Raj
, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad
In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars
) and Ceded Districts
), which were handed over to the East India Company
. The annexation by the British of the Northern Circars deprived Hyderabad State
, the Nizam
's dominion, of the considerable coastline it formerly had, to that of a landlocked princely state with territories in the central Deccan, bounded on all sides by British India
. Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as part of Madras Presidency
until India's independence in 1947, after which the presidency became India's Madras state.
The Hyderabad state joined the Union of India
in 1948 after an Indian military invasion
. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states
and Telangana was merged with the Telugu
-speaking Andhra State
(part of the Madras Presidency
during the British Raj) to form Andhra Pradesh
. A peasant-driven movement
began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, and continued until Telangana was granted statehood on 2 June 2014 under the leadership of K. Chandrashekar Rao
The economy of Telangana
is the eighth-largest state economy
in India with in gross domestic product
and a per capita GDP of .
Telangana ranks 22nd
among Indian states in human development index
The state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software
and services sector
. The state is also the main administrative centre of many Indian defence
aerospace and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited
, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory
, Defence Research and Development Organisation
and Defence Research and Development Laboratory
The cultural hearts of Telangana, Hyderabad and Warangal, are noted for their wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar
, Qutb Shahi Tombs
, Paigah Tombs
, Falaknuma Palace
, Chowmahalla Palace
, Warangal Fort
, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
, Thousand Pillar Temple
, Ramappa Temple
and the Bhongir Fort
in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. The historic city Golconda
in Hyderabad established itself as a diamond trading centre and, until the end of the 19th century, the Golconda market was the primary source of the finest and largest diamonds in the world. Thus, the legendary name Golconda Diamonds
became synonymous with Golconda itself. The Golconda region has produced some of the world's most famous diamonds, including the colourless Koh-i-Noor
(United Kingdom), the blue Hope
(United States), the pink Daria-i-Noor
(Iran), the white Regent
(France), the Dresden Green
(Germany), and the colourless Orlov
(India), as well as the now-lost diamonds Florentine Yellow
, Akbar Shah
and Great Mogul
. Religious edifices like the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple
in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district
, Makkah Masjid
in Hyderabad, the ancient Bhadrakali Temple
and Govinda Rajula Gutta
in Warangal, Alampur Jogulamba Temple
in Jogulamba Gadwal district
and Medak Cathedral
are several of its most famous places of worship.
A popular etymology derives the word "Telangana" from ''Trilinga desa
'' ("land of three lingas
"), a region so-called because three important Shaivite
shrines were located here: Kaleshwaram
. According to Jayadhir Thirumala Rao, a former director of Andhra Pradesh Oriental Manuscripts Library and Research Centre, the name Telangana is of Gondi
origin. Rao asserts that it is derived from "Telangadh", which according to him, means "south" in Gondi and has been referred to in "Gond script dating back to about 2000 years".
One of the earliest uses of a word similar to Telangana can also be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul
(14th century CE), who was called the ''Tilangani'', which implies that he was from Telangana. He was the commander of the Warangal Fort
A 16th-century travel writer, Firishta
, recorded in his book:
During the just reign of Ibrahim Kootb Shah, ''Tulingana'', like Egypt, became the mart of the whole world. Merchants from Toorkistan, Arabia, and Persia resorted to it; and they met with such encouragement that they found in it inducements to return frequently. The greatest luxuries from foreign parts daily abounded at the king's hospitable board.
The word "Telinga" changed over time to "Telangana" and the name "Telangana" was designated to distinguish the predominantly Telugu-speaking region of the erstwhile Hyderabad State
from its predominantly Marathi
-speaking one, Marathwada
. After Asaf Jahis ceded the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region retained the name Telangana and the other parts were called Madras Presidency's Circars and Ceded.
Telangana was governed by many rulers, including the Maurya Empire
(320 BCE–180 BCE), Satavahana dynasty
(180 BCE–220 CE), Vakataka dynasty
(250 CE–500 CE), Chalukya dynasty
(543 CE–753 CE), Rashtrakuta dynasty
(753 CE–982 CE), the Kakatiya dynasty
(1083 CE–1323 CE), the Delhi Sultanate
(1323 CE–1326 CE) , the Musunuri Nayaks
(1326 CE–1356 CE), the Recherla Nayaks
(1356 CE–1424 CE), the Bahmani Sultanate
(1347 CE–1512 CE), Vijayanagara Empire
(1336 CE–1646 CE), Qutb Shahi dynasty
(1512 CE–1687 CE), Mughal Empire
(1687 CE–1724 CE) and Asaf Jahi Dynasty
(1724 CE–1948 CE).
The Satavahana dynasty
(230 BCE–220 CE) became the dominant power in this region. It originated from the lands between the Godavari and Krishna rivers and was based at Amaravathi and Dharanikota. After the decline of the Satavahanas, various dynasties, such as the Vakataka
and Western Chalukya
, ruled the area.
, temple ruins built in the 12th century by [[Kakatiyas at Ghanpur, Mulug in Warangal district.]]
The Telangana area experienced its golden age during the reign of the [[Kakatiya dynasty]], which ruled most parts of the present-day Andhra Pradesh and Telangana from 1083 to 1323 CE.
and Prataparudra II
were prominent rulers from the Kakatiya dynasty. The dynasty weakened with the attack of Malik Kafur
in 1309 and was dissolved after the defeat of Prataparudra by the forces of Muhammad bin Tughluq
Qutab Shahi and Asaf Jahi's
The area came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate
in the 14th century, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate
. Quli Qutb Mulk
, a governor of Golconda, revolted against the Bahmani Sultanate and established the Qutb Shahi dynasty
in 1518. On 21 September 1687, the Golconda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb
after a year-long siege
of the Golconda fort.
During the early seventeenth century a strong cotton-weaving industry existed in Telangana. Large quantities of cotton were produced for domestic and exports consumption. High quality plain and patterned cloth made of muslin and calico was produced.
In 1712, Qamar-ud-din Khan
was appointed by emperor Farrukhsiyar
as the viceroy of Deccan with the title ''Nizam-ul-Mulk'' (meaning "Administrator of the Realm"). He was later recalled to Delhi, with Mubariz Khan appointed as the viceroy. In 1724, Qamar-ud-din Khan defeated Mubariz Khan to reclaim the ''Deccan suba,'' establishing it as an autonomous province of the Mughal empire. He took the name ''Asif Jah'', starting what came to be known as the Asaf Jahi dynasty
He named the area Hyderabad Deccan
. Subsequent rulers retained the title ''Nizam ul-Mulk'' and were called Asif Jahi Nizams or nizams of Hyderabad
. The Medak
divisions of Telangana were part of their realm.
When Asif Jah I died in 1748, there was political unrest due to contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces. In 1769, Hyderabad city became the formal capital of the Nizams. The Nizam Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV
signed the subsidiary alliance
with the British in 1799 and lost its control over the state's defence and foreign affairs. Hyderabad State became a princely state
among the presidencies and provinces of British India
In 1787, heavy flooding killed over 20,000 causing a plague which killed about 10,656,000 Telugus again in Telangana.
When India became independent
from the British Empire in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad
did not want to merge with the Indian Union and wanted to remain independent. The Government of India
annexed Hyderabad State on 17 September 1948 after a military operation called Operation Polo
It appointed a civil servant, M. K. Vellodi
, as first chief minister of Hyderabad State
on 26 January 1950. He administered the state with the help of English-educated bureaucrats from the Madras
states, who were familiar with British systems of administration unlike the bureaucrats of Hyderabad State who used a completely different administrative system. The official language of the state was switched from Urdu
In 1952, Dr. Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
was elected chief minister of the Hyderabad State in its first democratic election. During this time, there were violent agitations by some Telanganites to send the Madras state bureaucrats back and implement a rule by the natives (''mulkis'') of Hyderabad (Syed Alam Sharjil) was elected chief minister of Hyderabad after (Dr. Burgula Ramakrishana Rao) for one year after he resigned from the post.
The Telangana Rebellion
was a peasant revolt
supported by the communist
s. It originated in the Telangana regions of the Hyderabad State
between 1946 and 1951, led by the Communist Party of India
The revolt began in the Nalgonda district
against the feudal
lords of Reddy
castes. It quickly spread to the Warangal
districts. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the local feudal landlords (''jagir
dars'' and ''deshmukh
s'') and later against the Nizam Osman Ali Khan
. The violent phase of the movement ended after the government of India's Operation Polo
. Starting in 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate strategy of seeking to bring communism to India within the framework of Indian democracy.
States Reorganisation Commission
In December 1953, the States Reorganisation Commission
(SRC) was appointed to form states on a linguistic basis. An agreement was reached between Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders on 20 February 1956 to merge Telangana and Andhra with promises to safeguard Telangana's interests. After reorganisation in 1956, the region of Telangana was merged with Andhra State
to form Andhra Pradesh.
Following this Gentlemen's agreement
, the central government established the unified state of Andhra Pradesh on 1 November 1956.
G.O 553 of 1959 from the united Andhra Pradesh state moved two revenue divisions of Bhadrachalam
from East Godavari
from West Godavari to Khammam
for administrative convenience.
There have been several movements to revoke the merger of Telangana and Andhra, major ones occurring in 1969, 1972, and 2009. The movement for a new state of Telangana gained momentum in the 21st century by an initiative of Telangana Political Joint Action Committee, TJAC
including political leadership representing the Telangana area. On 9 December 2009 the government of India announced the process of formation of the Telangana state. Violent protests led by people in the Coastal Andhra
regions occurred immediately after the announcement, and the decision was put on hold on 23 December 2009.
The movement continued in Hyderabad and other districts of Telangana. There have been hundreds of claimed suicides, strikes, protests and disturbances to public life demanding separate statehood.
Formation of Telangana state in 2014
On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee unanimously passed a resolution to recommend the formation of a separate Telangana state. After various stages the bill was placed in the Parliament of India
in February 2014. In February 2014, Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014
bill was passed by the Parliament of India
for the formation of Telangana state comprising ten districts from north-western Andhra Pradesh.
The bill received the assent of the president
and published in the Gazette on 1 March 2014.
The state of Telangana was officially formed on 2 June 2014. Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
was elected as the first chief minister of Telangana, following elections in which the Telangana Rashtra Samithi
party secured majority.
will remain as the joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for a period, not more than ten years after that period Hyderabad shall be the capital of the state of Telangana and there shall be a new capital for the state of Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh picked Amaravati
as its capital and moved its secretariat in 2016 and legislature in March 2017 to its new capital.
Telangana is situated on the Deccan Plateau
, in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula. It covers .
The region is drained by two major rivers, with about 79% of the Godavari River
catchment area and about 69% of the Krishna River
catchment area, but most of the land is arid.
Telangana is also drained by several minor rivers such as the Bhima
, the Maner
, the Manjira
and the Musi
The annual rainfall is between 900 and 1500 mm in northern Telangana and 700 to 900 mm in southern Telangana, from the southwest monsoon
s. Telangana contains various soil types, some of which are red sandy loams (Chalaka), Red loamy sands (Dubba), lateritic soils, salt-affected soils, alluvial soils, shallow to medium black soils and very deep black cotton soils. These soil types allow the planting of a variety of fruits and vegetable crops such as mangoes, oranges, coconut, sugarcane, paddy, banana and flower crops.
Telangana is a semi-arid area and has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the range. The monsoon
arrives in June and lasts until September with about 755 mm (29.7 inches) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February with little humidity and average temperatures in the range.
The Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests
ecoregion covers much of the state, including Hyderabad. The characteristic vegetation is woodlands of ''Hardwickia binata
'' and ''Albizia amara
''. Over 80% of the original forest cover has been cleared for agriculture, timber harvesting, or cattle grazing, but large blocks of forest can be found in Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
and elsewhere. The more humid Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests
cover the Eastern Ghats
in the eastern part of the state.
National parks and sanctuaries
Telangana has three National Parks
: Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
in Hyderabad district
, and Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
and Mrugavani National Park
in Ranga Reddy district
Wildlife Sanctuaries in Telangana include Eturunagaram Wildlife Sanctuary
and Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary
in Warangal District
, Kawal Tiger Reserve
and Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary
in Adilabad district
, Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary
in Khammam district, Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
in Medak district
, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
and Mahbubnagar district
s, Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary
in Medak and Nizamabad districts, Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary
in Karimnagar district
are small areas of forest preserved by local people. Sacred groves provide sanctuary to the local flora and fauna. Some are included within other protected areas, like Kadalivanam in Nagarjunsagar–Srisailam Tiger Reserve, but most stand alone. There are 65 sacred groves in Telangana—two in Adilabad district, thirteen in Hyderabad district, four in Karimnagar district, four in Khammam district
, nine in Mahbubnagar district, four in Medak district
, nine in Nalgonda district, ten in Ranga Reddy district
, and three in Warangal district.
one of the classical languages of India
is the official language of Telangana and Urdu
is the second official language of the state. About 77% of the population of Telangana speak Telugu
and 12% speak Urdu
Before 1948, Urdu was the official language of Hyderabad State
, and due to a lack of Telugu-language educational institutions, Urdu was the language of the educated elite of Telangana. After 1948, once Hyderabad State joined the new Republic of India, Telugu became the language of government, and as Telugu was introduced as the medium of instruction
in schools and colleges, the use of Urdu among non Hyderabadi Muslims
decreased. Both Telugu and Urdu are used in services across the state, such as the Telangana Legislature
website, with Telugu and Urdu versions of the website available, as well as the Hyderabad metro, wherein both languages are used on station names and signs along with English and Hindi. The Urdu spoken in Telangana is called Hyderabadi Urdu, which in itself is a dialect of the larger Dakhini
Urdu dialects of South India. Although the language is orally spoken by most Hyderabadi Muslims, the language in a literary context has long been lost, and standard Urdu is used. Lambadi
is also widely used, and Marathi and Kannada predominate in border areas. Many tribal languages are also spoken, especially in Khammam, the largest being Koya
makeup of Telangana is about 85.1% Hindu
, 12.7% Muslim
, and 1.3% Christian
, and 0.9% others.
According to the 2011 census, Telangana's literacy rate is 66.46%. Male literacy and female literacy are 74.95% and 57.92%, respectively.
leads with 80.96% and Mahabubnagar district
at the bottom with 56.06%.
In a 2019 report, the ''Key Indicators of Household Social Consumption on Education in India'', by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Telangana has a literacy rate of 72.8% which is the fourth lowest of large states. It also has the second lowest literacy rate among rural women at 53.7%. 37.1% of the population aged 3–35 years received free education at pre-primary and higher levels in Telangana.
The state is divided into 33 districts
. The latest two new districts, Mulugu and Narayanpet, were formed on 17 February 2019. The districts are divided into 70 revenue divisions
which are further divided into 584 mandals
The districts in the state are:
There are a total of 12 cities
in the state. Hyderabad
is the biggest city in the state and 4th largest city in India
. There are 13 municipal corporations
and 132 municipalities
in the state.
Government and politics
Telangana is governed by a parliamentary system
of representative democracy
, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Universal suffrage
is granted to residents. There are three branches of government.
# Executive authority
is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister
, although the titular head of government is the Governor
. The governor is the head of state
appointed by the President of India
. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the chief minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the chief minister. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly.
# The legislature, the Telangana Legislative Assembly
and the Telangana Legislative Council
, consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, that are elected by the members. Assembly meetings are presided over by the speaker or the deputy speaker in the speaker's absence. The Assembly is bicameral
with 119 Members of the Legislative Assembly
and 40 Member of the Legislative Council
. Terms of office run for five years unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. The Legislative Council is a permanent body with one-third of members retiring every two years.
# The judiciary
is composed of the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad
and a system of lower courts.
Auxiliary authorities known as ''panchayat
s'', for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. The state contributes seats to Lok Sabha
The main players in the regional politics
are the Telangana Rashtra Samithi
, All India Forward Bloc
, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
, Bharatiya Janata Party
and Indian National Congress
. Following the Telangana Legislative Assembly Election in 2014
, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi under Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
was elected to power.
The economy of Telangana is mainly driven by agriculture. Two important rivers of
India, the Godavari
, flow through the state,
providing irrigation. Farmers in Telangana mainly depend on rain-fed water sources for irrigation. Rice is the major food crop. Other important crops are cotton, sugar cane, mango, and tobacco. Recently, crops used for vegetable oil
production such as sunflower
and peanuts have gained favour. There are many multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects
and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
, the world's highest masonry dam.
The state has also started to focus on the fields of information technology and biotechnology
. Telangana is one of top IT-exporting states of India. There are 68 Special Economic Zones in the state.
Telangana is a mineral-rich state, with coal reserves at Singareni Collieries Company
Rice is the major food crop
and staple food
of the state. Other important crops are maize, tobacco, mango, cotton and sugar cane
. Agriculture has been the chief source of income for the state's economy. The Godavari
rivers flow through the state, providing irrigation
. Apart from major rivers, there are small rivers like Tunga Bhadra, Bima, Dindi, Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Manair, Penganga, Pranahitha, peddavagu and Taliperu. There are many multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects
and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
, the world's highest masonry dam.
Agri Export Zone
s for the following produce have been proposed for the following locations:
: Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Medak, Mahabubnagar
Several major manufacturing and services industries are in operation mainly around Hyderabad
. Automobiles and auto components, spices, mines and minerals, textiles and apparels, pharmaceutical
, horticulture, and poultry farming are the main industries in Telangana.
In terms of services, Hyderabad is nicknamed "Cyberabad" due to the location of major software industries in the city.
Prior to secession, it contributed 10% to India's and 98% to Andhra Pradesh's exports in the IT and ITES sectors in 2013
With Hyderabad in the front line of Telangana's goal to promote information technology in India, the city boasts the HITEC City
as its premier hub.
The state government is in the process of developing industrial parks at different places, for specific groups of industries. The existing parks are Software Park at Hyderabad, HITEC City for software units, Apparel Park at Gundlapochampalli
, Export Promotion Park at Pashamylaram, Biotechnology park at Turkapally
Hyderabad is also a major site for healthcare-related industries including hospitals and pharmaceutical organisations such as Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences
, Yashoda Hospitals, LV Prasad Eye Care, Akruti Institute of cosmetic and plastic surgery, Fever Hospital, Durgabai Deshmukh, Continental Hospitals and Apollo Hospitals
. Many pharmaceutical and pharmaceutical-related companies like Dr. Reddy's Laboratories
, Shantha Biotechnics
and GVK BIO are based out of Hyderabad.
In addition, Hyderabad-based healthcare non-profits include the Indian Heart Association
, a cardiovascular disease NGO.
Telangana State Tourism Development Corporation
(TSTDC) is a state government agency which promotes tourism in Telangana. Telangana has a variety of tourist attractions including historical places, monuments, forts, waterfalls, forests and temples.
Telangana state has won CNBC-TV18's Promising State of the Year Award for the year of 2015. The Jury for the India Business Leader Awards (IBLA) has collectively chosen Telangana for the award.
Telangana state has English and Telugu News papers. Which are published from different cities. The print media mainly consists of Telugu and English newspapers. ''Nava Telangana
'', ''Andhra Jyothi
'' and ''Namaste Telangana
'' are all Telugu news papers. Mainly in English newspaper are Deccan Chronicle
, The Times Of India
, Hindu and The Hans India.
Hydel and thermal power
projects in the state meet the power requirements of the state. A number of new power projects are coming up in the State which is expected to generate additional power capacity in the state.
The state is well connected with other states by means of road, rail and airways. The Telangana State Road Transport Corporation
(TSRTC) is the major public transport corporation that connects all the cities and villages. Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station
(M.G.B.S) in Hyderabad
is one of the largest bus stand in Asia
. Jubilee Bus Station
serves inter city bus services.
The state has a total of 16 national highways
and accounts for a total length of .
The history of railways in this region dates back to the time of Nizam of Hyderabad
in 1874. The Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway
, which had its beginnings in a line built privately by the HEH the Nizam
. Much to the dismay of the British authorities, The Nizam bore all the expenses for the construction of the line.
It operates under the auspices of the South Central Railway
founded in 1966. The landmark building Rail Nilayam in Secunderabad is the Zonal Headquarter office of South Central Railway. Secunderabad and Hyderabad are the main divisions of the South Central Railway that fall in the state.
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
is an international airport serving the city of Hyderabad
. It is the largest airport in the state and one of the busiest airports in the country. The government has plans to upgrade Warangal Airport
, Nizamabad Airport
and Ramagundam Airport
. It also plans to construct airports in Ramagundam
has a domestic airport in Mamunooru which was established in the year 1930 during the Nizam period. All the exports and imports of Azam Jahi Mills, Warangal were done through the Warangal Airport
Telangana culture combines cultural customs from Persian traditions, embedded during the rule of the region by the Mughals
, Qutub Shahis and Nizam
s, with prominent and predominantly south Indian traditions and customs. The State has a rich tradition in classical music, painting and folk arts such as Burra Katha, shadow puppet show, and Perini Shivatandavam
, Gusadi Dance, Kolatam.
, Golconda Fort
, Qutb Shahi Tombs
, Chowmahalla Palace
, Falaknuma Palace
, Birla Mandir
and Nagarjun sagar, Bhongir Fort
, Warangal Fort
, Khammam Fort
are some of the monuments in and around Hyderabad.
There are religious worship centres of different religions in the state.
Hindu worship destinations include Bhadrachalam Temple
, Gnana Saraswati Temple
, Yadagirigutta Temple
, Ramappa Temple
, Vemulawada Raja Rajeswara temple
, the Thousand Pillar Temple
The Muslim worship destinations such as Makkah Masjid
, Khairtabad Mosque
, Mian Mishk Masjid
, Toli Masjid
and Spanish Mosque
Christian worship centres include the Diocese of Dornakal of the Church of South India
, Bahe Church of South India, and Medak Cathedral
. There are also some Buddhist destinations, such as Nelakondapalli
Telugu cinema, also known by its sobriquet as Tollywood
, is a part of Indian cinema
producing films in the Telugu language
, and is centred in the Hyderabad, Telangana
neighbourhood of Film Nagar
. In the early 1990s, the Telugu film industry had largely shifted from Chennai
. The Telugu film industry is the second-largest film industry in India next to Bollywood
. In the years 2005, 2006 and 2008 the Telugu film industry produced the largest number of films in India, exceeding the number of films produced in Bollywood. The industry holds the Guinness World Record for the largest film production facility in the world.
() located in Kuntala
, Adilabad district
is waterfall located in Koyaveerapuram G, Wazeedu Mandal, Jayashankar Bhupalpally district
*Savatula Gundam Waterfalls
in Adilabad district
*Gowri Gundaala waterfalls at Sabitham village near Manthani
in Peddapalli district
Telangana has multiple institutes of higher education universities along with numerous primary and secondary schools. The state is home to a number of institutes, which impart higher education. The Department of Higher Education deals with matters relating to education at various levels in the state of Telangana.
Higher education includes many colleges, universities, and research institutes providing professional education in the fields of arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, business, and veterinary sciences, with undergraduate and post-graduation. These include Osmania University
, Indian School of Business
, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
, National Institute of Technology, Warangal
, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bibinagar
, University of Hyderabad
, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad
, Kakatiya University
, International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
, NALSAR University of Law
, Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences
, National Institute of Fashion Technology Hyderabad
, Footwear Design and Development Institute
, and National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hyderabad
, among others.
The government has established Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Basar
(RGUKT Basar) in 2008 to cater to the educational needs of the gifted rural youth of Telangana.
The Hyderabad FC
is a professional football
club based in Hyderabad and plays in top tier league of India, the Indian Super League
. The home ground of the club is G.M.C Balayogi Athletic Stadium
, in Gachibowli
The Hyderabad cricket team
is represented in the Ranji Trophy
and has won twice. The Sunrisers Hyderabad
, an Indian Premier League
franchise, is based in Hyderabad and has won the trophy once. Deccan Chargers
, a currently defunct franchise from Hyderabad, also won the Indian Premier League
once. The Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium
is the home ground of both Hyderabad cricket team
and Sunrisers Hyderabad
. It hosts international as well as domestic matches. The Hyderabad Hunters
, a Premier Badminton League
franchise; the Telugu Titans
, a Pro Kabaddi League
franchise; the Hyderabad Sky, a UBA Pro Basketball League
franchise and the Telugu Tigers, a Premier Futsal
franchise are also based in Hyderabad. Hyderabad Hunters
are previous winners of the Premier Badminton League
Notable sports persons from the state are Mohammad Azharuddin
, V. V. S. Laxman
, Mithali Raj
, Pragyan Ojha
, Ambati Rayudu
, Saina Nehwal
, P.V. Sindhu
, Jwala Gutta
, Parupalli Kashyap
, Gagan Narang
, Mukesh Kumar
and Pullela Gopichand
), as well as Sania Mirza
who has been appointed as the "brand ambassador" of Telangana.
Other stadiums include G. M. C. Balayogi Athletic Stadium
, Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium
and Gachibowli Indoor Stadium
* Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb
* Hyderabad State (1948–56)
* Index of Telangana-related articles
* List of state highways in Telangana
* List of Telangana people
* Telangana Language Day
* Temples of Telangana
* Direct link
Official Site of Telangana Government
Category:States and territories established in 2014
Category:2014 establishments in India
Category:States and union territories of India