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Galkayo
Galkayo
Galkayo
(Somali: Gaalkacyo, Arabic: جالكعيو‎), also known as Gallacaio or Rocca Littorio,[2] is the capital of the north-central Mudug
Mudug
region of Somalia.[3] The city of Galkayo
Galkayo
is divided into two administrative areas separated by a distinct boundary, with 3 of the 4 districts governed by the Puntland
Puntland
State and one southern district governed by Galmudug
Galmudug
state.[4] Geographically Galkayo
Galkayo
town is divided into four main neighborhoods. Puntland
Puntland
state controls neighborhoods of Garsoor, Horumar and Israac while Galmudug
Galmudug
state controls Wadajir neighborhood.[5][6] Following independence, Galkayo
Galkayo
was made the center of the Galkayo District
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Shopping Mall
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit. A shopping arcade is a specific type of shopping precinct which is usually distinguished in English for mall shopping by the fact that connecting walkways are not owned by a single proprietor and are in open air. Shopping malls in 2017 accounted for 8% of retailing space in the United States.[1] Many early shopping arcades such as the Burlington Arcade
Burlington Arcade
in London, the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II
Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II
in Milan, and numerous arcades in Paris
Paris
are famous and still trading. However, many smaller arcades have been demolished, replaced with large centers or "malls", often accessible by vehicle
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Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.[2] The main forms of precipitation include drizzle, rain, sleet, snow, graupel and hail. Precipitation
Precipitation
occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation
Precipitation
forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud
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Relative Humidity
Relative humidity
Relative humidity
(RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature. Relative humidity
Relative humidity
depends on temperature and the pressure of the system of interest
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Sunshine Duration
Sunshine
Sunshine
duration or sunshine hours is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation, which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period. Sunshine
Sunshine
duration is usually expressed in hours per year, or in (average) hours per day. The first measure indicates the general sunniness of a location compared with other places, while the latter allows for comparison of sunshine in various seasons in the same location.[1] Another often-used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration and daylight duration in the observed period. An important use of sunshine duration data is to characterize the climate of sites, especially of health resorts
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Deutscher Wetterdienst
The Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(German pronunciation: [ˌdɔʏ̯ʧɐ ˈvɛtɐdiːnst]) or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Service, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany
Germany
and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes. It is attached to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. The DWDs principal tasks include warning against weather-related dangers and monitoring and rating climate changes affecting Germany. The organization runs atmospheric models on their supercomputer for precise weather forecasting
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Ahmad Ibn Ibrahim Al-Ghazi
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
(Somali: Axmad Ibraahim al-Gaasi, Harari: አሕመድ ኢቢን ኢብራሂም አል ጋዚ, "Acmad Ibni Ibrahim Al-Gaazi" [Afar], Arabic: أحمد بن إبراهيم الغازي‎ ) "the Conqueror"[2] (c
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Al-Shabaab (militant Group)
State Allies  Qatar
Qatar
(Alleged) [6][7]Non-state Allies al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Foreign Mujahedeen Allied Democratic ForcesOpponentsState Opponents Somalia Federal Government Puntland ASWJ Jubaland AMISOM  Ethiopia  Uganda  Kenya  Yemen  Australia  United States  Turkey[8]Harakat al-Shabaab al- Mujahideen
Mujahideen
(HSM; Arabic: حركة الشباب المجاهدين‎, Ḥarakat ash-Shabāb al-Mujāhidīn; Somali: Xarakada Mujaahidiinta Alshabaab, lit. " Mujahideen
Mujahideen
Youth Movement" or "Movement of Striving Youth"), more commonly known as al-Shabaab (Arabic: الشباب‎, lit. '"The Youth" or "The Youngsters", but can be translated as "The Guys"'), is a jihadist fundamentalist group based in East Africa
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Masjid
A mosque (/mɒsk/; from Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد‎, translit. masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims. There are strict and detailed requirements in Sunni jurisprudence (Arabic: فِـقْـه‎, fiqh) for a place of worship to be considered a mosque, with places that do not meet these requirements regarded as musallas.[1] There are stringent restrictions on the uses of the area formally demarcated as the mosque (which is often a small portion of the larger complex), and in the Islamic Sharī‘ah (Arabic: شَـرِيْـعَـة‎, Law), after an area is formally designated as a mosque, it remains so until the Last Day.[1] Many mosques have elaborate domes, minarets, and prayer halls, in varying styles of architecture. Mosques originated on the Arabian Peninsula, but are now found in all inhabited continents
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Cal Madow
Cal Madow
Cal Madow
(also Al Madow, Al Medu, Calmadow or Al Mado) (Somali: Buuraha Calmadow, Arabic: علمدو‎) is a mountain range in eastern Somalia, extending into the west of Puntland
Puntland
state of Somalia. It stretches across an area between the west of Bosaso
Bosaso
to northwest of Erigavo. Its peak sits at almost 2500 m in Shimbiris, northwest of Erigavo. Cal Madow
Cal Madow
was a tourist destination in the late 1980s
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Hawiye
The Hawiye (Somali: Hawiye, Arabic: بنو هوية‎) is a Somali clan. Members of the clan traditionally inhabit central and southern Somalia, Ogaden
Ogaden
and the North Eastern Province (currently administered by Ethiopia
Ethiopia
and Kenya, respectively)
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Calligraphy
Calligraphy
Calligraphy
(from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument, brush, or other writing instruments.[1]:17 A contemporary calligraphic practice can be defined as "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious, and skillful manner".[1]:18 Modern calligraphy ranges from functional inscriptions and designs to fine-art pieces where the letters may or may not be readable.[1][page needed] Classical calligraphy differs from typography and non-classical hand-lettering, though a calligrapher may practice both.[2][3][4][5] Calligraphy
Calligraphy
continues flourishing in the forms of wedding invitations and event invitations, font design and typography, original hand-lettered logo design, religious art, announcements, graphic design and commissioned calligraphic art, cut stone inscriptions, and memorial documents
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Visual Art
The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture. Many artistic disciplines (performing arts, conceptual art, textile arts) involve aspects of the visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual arts[1] are the applied arts[2] such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.[3] Current usage of the term "visual arts" includes fine art as well as the applied, decorative arts and crafts, but this was not always the case. Before the Arts and Crafts Movement
Arts and Crafts Movement
in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, the term 'artist' was often restricted to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the handicraft, craft, or applied art media
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Majeerteen
The Majeerteen
Majeerteen
(Somali: Majeerteen, Arabic: ماجرتين‎, Muhammad Harti Amaleh Abdi Muhammad Abdirahman Jaberti; also spelled Majerteen, Macherten, Majertain, or Mijurtin)[1] is a Somali clan. It's one of the major Somali clans, with a vast traditional territory spanning 3 major regions of Somalia, Bari, Nugaal
Nugaal
and Mudug. From Bosaso
Bosaso
down to Garacad, the Majerteen are settled in what is literally considered to be 'the Horn of Africa'
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Mehri People
Mehri (var. al-Mahrah, al-Meheri, al-Mahri or al-Mahra (Arabic: المهرة‎), also known as al-Mahrah tribe (Arabic: قبيلة المهرة‎), are an ethnic group primarily inhabiting South Arabia and the island of Socotra.Contents1 Distribution 2 Language 3 Religion 4 Genetics 5 See also 6 Notes 7 ReferencesDistribution[edit]Map of Yemen
Yemen
showing Al Mahrah Governorate.The Mehri are one of the largest tribes in the Al Mahrah Governorate of Yemen
Yemen
and in the island of Socotra
Socotra
and Dhofar Governorate of Oman. Mehri group members are also found in other countries in the Arabian Peninsula, mainly Oman, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
and United Arab Emirates. Additionally, the Arab Salah clan of Al Mahrah tribe resides in the Somalia.[1] According to Ethnologue, there are around 115,200 total Mehri speakers
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