Galkayo (Somali: Gaalkacyo, Arabic: جالكعيو), also known as
Gallacaio or Rocca Littorio, is the capital of the north-central
Mudug region of Somalia. The city of
Galkayo is divided into two
administrative areas separated by a distinct boundary, with 3 of the 4
districts governed by the
Puntland State and one southern district
Galkayo town is divided into four main neighborhoods.
Puntland state controls neighborhoods of Garsoor, Horumar and Israac
Galmudug state controls Wadajir neighborhood.
Galkayo was made the center of the Galkayo
District. The city has grown considerably in recent times and serves
as a commercial hub. According to the UNDP it had a population of
137,667 in 2005.
12 Notable residents
13 See also
16 External links
Following the independence of
Somalia in 1960, Gaalkacyo was made the
Galkayo District and the capital of
Galkayo is situated in north-central Somalia, in the heart of the
Mudug region. Nearby settlements include to the east godad
(7.1 nm), to the northeast bali busle (16.2 nm), to the
north Halobooqad (4.4 nm), to the northwest
Beyra (12.8 nm),
to the west xera jaale-bayra (23.8 nm), to the southwest saaxo
(30 nm), to the south Laascadale (10.2 nm), and to the
southeast Arfuda (13.0 nm). The largest cities in the
country most proximate to
Hobyo (217 km), Garowe
(219 km) and
Qardho (358 km). Shimbiris, the highest
peak in Somalia, is located some 432 km to the north in the Cal
Madow mountain range.
Places adjacent to Galkayo
Galkayo has a hot arid climate (Köppen BWh). Coldest average
temperatures occur during the winter months of November to February,
when thermometer readings range from 23 to 25 °C (73 to
77 °F). The weather slowly heats up in the spring, as the April
rainy season begins. Average temperatures later reach a maximum of
around 41 °C over the summer period. Come September, a gradual
fall chill starts to set in again.
Climate data for Galkayo
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00)
Percent possible sunshine
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Source #2: Food and Agriculture Organization:
Somalia Water and Land
Management (percent sunshine)
Gakayo native Asha Gelle Dirie, a former minister in the Puntland
Galkayo is situated in the north-central part of Somalia, and is one
of the most developed towns in the region. The city is divided
into four main districts called Garsoor, Hormar, Israac is part of
Puntland. , and Wadajir districts respectively.
Although relatively stable compared to southern Somalia, sporadic
targeted assassination attempts by Al-Shabaab militants against
Puntland public officials led in 2010-2011 to a police crackdown and
comprehensive administrative reform. The
Puntland and Galmudug
administrations subsequently signed an accord in
Garowe in February
2011, officially agreeing to cooperate on security, economic and
social matters so as to strengthen inter-regional relations.
An electronics store at a
Galkayo shopping mall.
A lively trading city,
Galkayo is a center for local business.
Hotels, guest houses, restaurants, supermarkets and newly erected
office blocks earmarked for the government and NGOs line the streets,
juxtaposed by the tall minarets of masjids. The city also offers
numerous social services such as hospitals, petrol stops and police
stations, with the former Somali Army barracks kept in good condition
Galkayo is a hub of calligraphic art, serving as a training
ground of sorts for local visual artists. Elaborate murals and phrases
in Arabic and English adorn the walls of the city's many office and
It has an estimated population of 245,000 inhabitants as of 2015.
Somalia Clan tensions in the area have historically been high.
Puntland areas of the city such as Israac, Hormar and Garsoor
Galkayo is primarily inhabited by Somalis from the
Majeerteen(Darood),Carab salah Meheri, and
Lelkase clans. The
Marehan and reer Bicidyahan are dominant in parts
of Garsoor, a neighborhood of Galkayo. Neighborhood of Wadajir in
Galmudug area of the city is mainly inhabited by the Sa'ad Habar
Hawiye clan.The Saleban Abdalle sub-clan of the
Dir are well represented.
East Africa University's
Galkayo has a number of academic institutions. According to the
Puntland Ministry of Education, there are 40 primary schools in the
Galkayo District. Among these are the Axmed Guray school in Israac,
named after Imam
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi (Ahmed Gurey); Al-Qudus in
Horumar; and Barkhadle in Garsoor, built in honour of the 13th century
scholar and saint
Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn
Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn (Aw Barkhadle).
Secondary schools in the area include Haji Ali Bihi, Omar Samatar,
Yasin Nor Hassan and
Galkayo High. In addition, several new
schools were opened in 2012.
Institutions of higher learning with a presence in the city include
Puntland State University (PSU),
Puntland University of Science
and Technology (PUST),
Galkayo University (GU), and Mudug
East Africa University
East Africa University (EAU) also has a Galkayo
branch, one of its seven campuses in Puntland. Additionally, the
Galkayo Vocational Training Centre (GVTC) and the privately
Mudug Vocational Training Center (MVTC) provide technical
Galkayo is home to
Abdullahi Issa Stadium, a sporting facility which
is named in memory of Abdullahi Issa, the first Prime Minister of
Somalia. The stadium hosts to many local football clubs including FC
YAMAYS, RPS FC, Dowladda Hoose FC, Homboboro FC, Telecom FC and Galcom
FC. In addition, the city has various courts set aside for
basketball. It soccer fields and volleyball.
Air transportation in Galacyo is served by the Abdullahi Yusuf
Airport, operated by Puntland and Oshaco International Airport
operated by Galmudug. In September 2013, the Somali federal
government signed an official cooperation agreement with its Chinese
counterpart in Mogadishu as part of a five-year national recovery
plan. The pact will see the Chinese authorities reconstruct several
major infrastructural landmarks in the Somali capital and elsewhere,
as well as the road linking
Galkayo with Burao.
Various media organizations are based in Galkayo. These include Radio
Galmudug and Radio Codka-Mudug. Radio Gaalkacyo,
formerly known as Radio Free Somalia, also broadcasts from the
Domesticated ostrich at the Taar City Hotel in Galkayo.
Several establishments in
Galkayo offer accommodation. Among these
hotels and guest houses are the Kamaal Hotel, the Classic Hotel and
Restaurant, and the Saylan Hotel. The Taar City Hotel is especially
noted for its domesticated ostriches.
Galkayo consists of the following neighborhoods: Wadajir, Israac,
Horumar, and Garsoor. 
Abdi Bashiir Indhobuur - poet and playwright who composed of many
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
Abdirizak Haji Hussein – former Prime Minister of Somalia, and
former Secretary General of the Somali Youth League.
Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
Abdiweli Mohamed Ali – President of Puntland, and former Prime
Minister of Somalia.
Abdi Qeybdiid – President of Galmudug, and former Interior Minister
Abdulkadir Abdi Hashi
Abdulkadir Abdi Hashi – MP in Federal Parliament, and former State
Minister of the Presidency for Planning and International Relations of
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed – former President of Somalia, President of
Puntland and leader in the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, and one
of the founders of the
Puntland State of Somalia, the Transitional
Federal Government and the Somali Salvation Democratic Front.
Asha Gelle Dirie
Asha Gelle Dirie – former Minister of Women Development and Family
Affairs of Puntland.
Mohamed Warsame Ali – first President of Galmudug, former Ambassador
Somalia to the US, former Minister of Commerce, Public Works, and
Sports & Youth Affairs.
Waris Dirie – model, actress, author and activist.
Zakaria Mohamed Haji-Abdi – leader of the Alliance for the
Re-liberation of Somalia.
Mohamed Farrah Aidid former warlord of Somalia, Former Ambassador of
Somalia to India and the leader of Somali National Alliance
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