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Galkayo
Galkayo
(Somali: Gaalkacyo, Arabic: جالكعيو‎), also known as Gallacaio or Rocca Littorio,[2] is the capital of the north-central Mudug
Mudug
region of Somalia.[3] The city of Galkayo
Galkayo
is divided into two administrative areas separated by a distinct boundary, with 3 of the 4 districts governed by the Puntland
Puntland
State and one southern district governed by Galmudug
Galmudug
state.[4] Geographically Galkayo
Galkayo
town is divided into four main neighborhoods. Puntland
Puntland
state controls neighborhoods of Garsoor, Horumar and Israac while Galmudug
Galmudug
state controls Wadajir neighborhood.[5][6] Following independence, Galkayo
Galkayo
was made the center of the Galkayo District. The city has grown considerably in recent times and serves as a commercial hub.[7] According to the UNDP it had a population of 137,667 in 2005.[8]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Location 2.2 Climate

3 Administration 4 Services 5 Demographics 6 Education 7 Sports 8 Transportation 9 Media 10 Accommodation 11 Neighborhoods 12 Notable residents 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] Following the independence of Somalia
Somalia
in 1960, Gaalkacyo was made the center of Galkayo District
Galkayo District
and the capital of Mudug
Mudug
region.[9] Geography[edit] Location[edit] Galkayo
Galkayo
is situated in north-central Somalia, in the heart of the Mudug
Mudug
region. Nearby settlements include to the east godad (7.1 nm), to the northeast bali busle (16.2 nm), to the north Halobooqad (4.4 nm), to the northwest Beyra
Beyra
(12.8 nm), to the west xera jaale-bayra (23.8 nm), to the southwest saaxo (30 nm), to the south Laascadale (10.2 nm), and to the southeast Arfuda (13.0 nm).[10][11] The largest cities in the country most proximate to Galkayo
Galkayo
are Hobyo
Hobyo
(217 km), Garowe (219 km) and Qardho
Qardho
(358 km).[12] Shimbiris, the highest peak in Somalia, is located some 432 km to the north in the Cal Madow mountain range.[13]

Places adjacent to Galkayo

Burar Halobooqad bali busle

bayra

Galkayo

Godad

saaxo Laascadale

Climate[edit] Galkayo
Galkayo
has a hot arid climate (Köppen BWh). Coldest average temperatures occur during the winter months of November to February, when thermometer readings range from 23 to 25 °C (73 to 77 °F). The weather slowly heats up in the spring, as the April rainy season begins. Average temperatures later reach a maximum of around 41 °C over the summer period. Come September, a gradual fall chill starts to set in again.[14]

Climate data for Galkayo

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 39.0 (102.2) 39.8 (103.6) 42.8 (109) 47.2 (117) 47.0 (116.6) 40.3 (104.5) 36.5 (97.7) 42.5 (108.5) 40.0 (104) 43.0 (109.4) 40.0 (104) 37.5 (99.5) 47.2 (117)

Average high °C (°F) 32.5 (90.5) 33.5 (92.3) 34.9 (94.8) 36.0 (96.8) 35.2 (95.4) 34.1 (93.4) 32.6 (90.7) 33.1 (91.6) 34.3 (93.7) 33.6 (92.5) 33.6 (92.5) 33.0 (91.4) 33.9 (93)

Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2 (77.4) 26.2 (79.2) 27.6 (81.7) 29.1 (84.4) 28.9 (84) 28.4 (83.1) 27.2 (81) 27.5 (81.5) 28.0 (82.4) 27.8 (82) 26.8 (80.2) 26.1 (79) 27.4 (81.3)

Average low °C (°F) 17.9 (64.2) 18.7 (65.7) 20.4 (68.7) 22.2 (72) 22.7 (72.9) 22.6 (72.7) 21.9 (71.4) 21.9 (71.4) 21.8 (71.2) 22.0 (71.6) 20.0 (68) 19.2 (66.6) 20.9 (69.6)

Record low °C (°F) 11.0 (51.8) 13.0 (55.4) 13.0 (55.4) 17.0 (62.6) 17.0 (62.6) 16.0 (60.8) 18.9 (66) 17.0 (62.6) 18.0 (64.4) 15.0 (59) 12.0 (53.6) 13.1 (55.6) 11.0 (51.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 0 (0) 3 (0.12) 1 (0.04) 24 (0.94) 60 (2.36) 2 (0.08) 0 (0) 2 (0.08) 1 (0.04) 41 (1.61) 14 (0.55) 1 (0.04) 169 (6.65)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0 0 0 2 5 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 11

Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00) 51 57 56 61 63 56 58 61 56 58 63 63 59

Percent possible sunshine 80 80 77 68 66 71 61 66 72 63 74 77 71

Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst[15]

Source #2: Food and Agriculture Organization: Somalia
Somalia
Water and Land Management (percent sunshine)[16]

Administration[edit]

Gakayo native Asha Gelle Dirie, a former minister in the Puntland government.

Galkayo
Galkayo
is situated in the north-central part of Somalia, and is one of the most developed towns in the region.[17] The city is divided into four main districts called Garsoor, Hormar, Israac is part of Puntland. [18], and Wadajir districts respectively. Although relatively stable compared to southern Somalia,[7] sporadic targeted assassination attempts by Al-Shabaab militants against Puntland
Puntland
public officials led in 2010-2011 to a police crackdown and comprehensive administrative reform.[19][20] The Puntland
Puntland
and Galmudug administrations subsequently signed an accord in Garowe
Garowe
in February 2011, officially agreeing to cooperate on security, economic and social matters so as to strengthen inter-regional relations.[21] Services[edit]

An electronics store at a Galkayo
Galkayo
shopping mall.

A lively trading city, Galkayo
Galkayo
is a center for local business.[2][17] Hotels, guest houses, restaurants, supermarkets and newly erected office blocks earmarked for the government and NGOs line the streets, juxtaposed by the tall minarets of masjids. The city also offers numerous social services such as hospitals, petrol stops and police stations, with the former Somali Army barracks kept in good condition and renovated.[7] Moreover, Galkayo
Galkayo
is a hub of calligraphic art, serving as a training ground of sorts for local visual artists. Elaborate murals and phrases in Arabic and English adorn the walls of the city's many office and shop buildings.[7] Demographics[edit] It has an estimated population of 245,000 inhabitants as of 2015.[1] Somalia
Somalia
Clan tensions in the area have historically been high.[22] Puntland
Puntland
areas of the city such as Israac, Hormar and Garsoor neighborhoods of Galkayo
Galkayo
is primarily inhabited by Somalis from the Majeerteen(Darood),Carab salah Meheri, and Lelkase clans.[23] The Leelkase, Wagardhac Marehan
Marehan
and reer Bicidyahan are dominant in parts of Garsoor, a neighborhood of Galkayo.[24] Neighborhood of Wadajir in Galmudug
Galmudug
area of the city is mainly inhabited by the Sa'ad Habar Gidir, a Hawiye clan.[25][25][22]The Saleban Abdalle sub-clan of the Dir are well represented. Education[edit]

East Africa University's Galkayo
Galkayo
campus.

Galkayo
Galkayo
has a number of academic institutions. According to the Puntland
Puntland
Ministry of Education, there are 40 primary schools in the Galkayo
Galkayo
District. Among these are the Axmed Guray school in Israac, named after Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
(Ahmed Gurey); Al-Qudus in Horumar; and Barkhadle in Garsoor, built in honour of the 13th century scholar and saint Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn
Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn
(Aw Barkhadle).[26] Secondary schools in the area include Haji Ali Bihi, Omar Samatar, Yasin Nor Hassan and Galkayo
Galkayo
High.[27] In addition, several new schools were opened in 2012.[28] Institutions of higher learning with a presence in the city include the Puntland
Puntland
State University (PSU), Puntland
Puntland
University of Science and Technology (PUST), Galkayo
Galkayo
University (GU),[29] and Mudug University (MU).[30] East Africa University
East Africa University
(EAU) also has a Galkayo branch, one of its seven campuses in Puntland.[31] Additionally, the public Galkayo
Galkayo
Vocational Training Centre (GVTC) and the privately owned Mudug
Mudug
Vocational Training Center (MVTC) provide technical training. Sports[edit] Galkayo
Galkayo
is home to Abdullahi Issa
Abdullahi Issa
Stadium, a sporting facility which is named in memory of Abdullahi Issa, the first Prime Minister of Somalia. The stadium hosts to many local football clubs including FC YAMAYS, RPS FC, Dowladda Hoose FC, Homboboro FC, Telecom FC and Galcom FC.[32] In addition, the city has various courts set aside for basketball. It soccer fields and volleyball. Transportation[edit] Air transportation in Galacyo is served by the Abdullahi Yusuf Airport, operated by Puntland[33] and Oshaco International Airport operated by Galmudug.[34] In September 2013, the Somali federal government signed an official cooperation agreement with its Chinese counterpart in Mogadishu as part of a five-year national recovery plan. The pact will see the Chinese authorities reconstruct several major infrastructural landmarks in the Somali capital and elsewhere, as well as the road linking Galkayo
Galkayo
with Burao.[35] Media[edit] Various media organizations are based in Galkayo. These include Radio Daljir, Radio Galmudug
Galmudug
and Radio Codka-Mudug. Radio Gaalkacyo, formerly known as Radio Free Somalia, also broadcasts from the city.[36] Accommodation[edit]

Domesticated ostrich at the Taar City Hotel in Galkayo.

Several establishments in Galkayo
Galkayo
offer accommodation. Among these hotels and guest houses are the Kamaal Hotel, the Classic Hotel and Restaurant, and the Saylan Hotel. The Taar City Hotel is especially noted for its domesticated ostriches. Neighborhoods[edit] Galkayo
Galkayo
consists of the following neighborhoods: Wadajir, Israac, Horumar, and Garsoor. [37] Notable residents[edit]

Abdi Bashiir Indhobuur - poet and playwright who composed of many patriotic songs. Abdirizak Haji Hussein
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
– former Prime Minister of Somalia, and former Secretary General of the Somali Youth League. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
– President of Puntland, and former Prime Minister of Somalia. Abdi Qeybdiid – President of Galmudug, and former Interior Minister of Somalia. Abdulkadir Abdi Hashi
Abdulkadir Abdi Hashi
– MP in Federal Parliament, and former State Minister of the Presidency for Planning and International Relations of Puntland. Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
– former President of Somalia, President of Puntland
Puntland
and leader in the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, and one of the founders of the Puntland
Puntland
State of Somalia, the Transitional Federal Government and the Somali Salvation Democratic Front. Asha Gelle Dirie
Asha Gelle Dirie
– former Minister of Women Development and Family Affairs of Puntland. Mohamed Warsame Ali – first President of Galmudug, former Ambassador of Somalia
Somalia
to the US, former Minister of Commerce, Public Works, and Sports & Youth Affairs. Waris Dirie
Waris Dirie
– model, actress, author and activist. Zakaria Mohamed Haji-Abdi – leader of the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia. Mohamed Farrah Aidid former warlord of Somalia, Former Ambassador of Somalia
Somalia
to India and the leader of Somali National Alliance

See also[edit]

Galmudug Puntland

^ a b https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Gaalkacyo-Conflict-Drivers-Contributors-and-Potential-Solutions-.pdf ^ a b Dr Badal Kariye Ba Bsit Ma Mba & Phd, The Kaleidoscopic Lover: The Civil War in the Horn of Africa & My Itinerary for a Peaceful Lover, (AuthorHouse: 2010), p.116. ^ Kurian (1983:428) ^ http://www.refworld.org/pdfid/4f675c5e2.pdf ^ https://reliefweb.int/report/somalia/somalia-livelihood-baseline-profile-galkayo-urban ^ https://m.reliefweb.int/report/103519/ethiopia/monthly-nutrition-update-for-somalia-jun-2002 ^ a b c d Abdul Latif Dahir, Suleiman Abdullahi (3 April 2011). "Galkayo: A peaceful island in Somalia". Africa Review. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ ""Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia
Somalia
2005" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 7 July 2015.  ^ Somalia. Ministry of Information. Public Relations Section (1965). Somalia: A Divided Nation Seeking Reunification. Public Relations Service, Ministry of Information. p. 11.  ^ "Gaalkacyo, Somalia". Falling Rain. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ "Barri-Fintir, Somalia". Falling Rain. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ "Gaalkacyo, Somalia". Weather-Forecast. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ "Gaalkacyo". Weather-Forecast. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ "Gaalkacyo, Somalia
Somalia
- Weather". AccuWeather. Retrieved 3 April 2013.  ^ "Klimatafel von Galkayo
Galkayo
(Gallacaio) / Somalia" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 4 November 2016.  ^ "Long term mean monthly sunshine fraction in Somalia". Food and Agriculture Organization. Retrieved 4 November 2016.  ^ a b "Galkayo". Jubba Airways. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ http://reliefweb.int/report/somalia/inter-agency-initial-investigation-report-floods-gaalkacyo-gaalkacyo-mudug-region ^ "Retired Puntland
Puntland
official killed in Galka'yo; calm returns in northern Somalia
Somalia
after clash". All Headline News. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ Ahmed, Abdalle (21 April 2011). "SOMALIA: Puntland
Puntland
President fires Mudug
Mudug
governor, dissolves Galkaio district council". Raxanreeb. Archived from the original on March 30, 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ An Agreement Jointly Signed by Puntland
Puntland
and Galmudug ^ a b "Clan fighting in central Somalia
Somalia
kills 20". International Pathfinder Solutions. 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2011-05-24.  ^ http://m.reliefweb.int/report/103519/ethiopia/monthly-nutrition-update-for-somalia-jun-2002 ^ "Was the Battle for Galkayo
Galkayo
a Clan Dispute or a Victory for Puntland Over Al-Shabaab?". Jamestown Foundation. 2011-09-15. Retrieved 2011-05-24.  ^ a b http://www.janes.com/article/56301/military-build-up-on-puntland-s-border-with-galmudug-increases-somalia-s-civil-war-risks ^ " Puntland
Puntland
- Primary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013.  ^ " Puntland
Puntland
- Secondary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013.  ^ "Somalia: New schools and businesses open in Galkayo". Garowe Online. 10 July 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2012.  ^ " Galkayo
Galkayo
University, GU". Galkayo
Galkayo
University. Retrieved 5 June 2014.  ^ "Administration Office". Mudug
Mudug
University. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ "A programme for improving governance, leadership and management capacity of the three health authorities in Somalia". Mannion Daniels Limited. Retrieved 20 June 2013.  ^ "Huge Demos in Central Regions Welcomed Galmudug
Galmudug
Elections". Somali Update. Retrieved 16 June 2016.  ^ https://www.skyscanner.com.my/airports/glk/galcaio-airport.html ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/Oshaco+International+Airport,+Somalia/@6.7070925,47.3823303,14z/data=!3m1!1e3!4m6!1m3!3m2!1s0x3d7a00416276c593:0x25424e8cf11a55a2!2sGalkayo,+Somalia!3m1!1s0x3d7a06569af0a18d:0x8ad9333b10f0f388 ^ "Somalia: Gov't, China Officially Sign Cooperation Agreement". Dalsan Radio. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.  ^ Life & Peace Institute. "Galkayo". Horn of Africa Bulletin. 8 (1-6): 2.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ http://m.reliefweb.int/report/103519/ethiopia/monthly-nutrition-update-for-somalia-jun-2002

Notes[edit] References[edit]

Kurian, George Thomas (1983). Geo-data: the world almanac gazetteer. Gale Research Co. ISBN 0-8103-1605-6.  "Gaalkacyo, Somalia". Geographical Names. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

"Gaalkacyo, Somalia". Geographical Names. Retrieved 9 June

.