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[3] [4]

Capital Dhusamareb
Dhusamareb
[5] 6°08′25″N 46°37′32″E / 6.14028°N 46.62556°E / 6.14028; 46.62556

Largest city Galkayo

Official languages

Somali Arabic

Demonym Somali

Government Autonomous presidential democracy

• President

Ahmed Duale Gelle

• Vice-President

Mohamed Hashi Abdi

• Chief Minister

Mohamed Ali Hassan

Autonomous State within Somalia

• Established

14 August 2006[6]

Area

• Total

78,279[7] km2 (30,224 sq mi)

Currency Somali shilling
Somali shilling
(SOS)

Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

• Summer (DST)

not observed (UTC+3)

Drives on the right

Calling code +252 (Somalia)

Internet TLD .so

Website https://galmudug.gov.so

Galmudug, officially Galmudug
Galmudug
State, is an autonomous region in central Somalia. It is bordered to the north by the Puntland
Puntland
region, to the west by Ethiopia, to the east by Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
and to the south by Hirshabelle. Galmudug's name is derived from a conflation of the names of the Galgaduud
Galgaduud
and Mudug
Mudug
regions. Galmudug
Galmudug
consists of the region of Galgaduud
Galgaduud
and southern half of Mudug
Mudug
region.[8][9][10][11] However, according to CIA
CIA
Factbook northern Mudug
Mudug
is part of Puntland.[12] Galmudug
Galmudug
is an autonomous state within the larger Federal Republic of Somalia, as defined by the provisional constitution of Somalia.[9]

Contents

1 Location 2 History

2.1 Establishment 2.2 Presidential elections 2.3 Official status

3 Demographics 4 Administration 5 Education 6 Galmudug
Galmudug
Security Force 7 Transportation 8 State Flag 9 Administrative divisions

9.1 Regions

9.1.1 Largest cities

10 References

Location Galmudug
Galmudug
is the most centrally located area in Somalia. It is situated about 750 km from Mogadishu, Bosaso
Bosaso
and Harar
Harar
in Ethiopia. The region is bordered to the east by the Indian Ocean, to the west by Ethiopia, to the north by Puntland, and to the south by the Hiran region. History Establishment On August 14, 2006, the autonomous Galmudug
Galmudug
region was established. Mohamed Warsame Ali 'Kiimiko' was elected as the new administration's President, and Galkayo
Galkayo
was declared the new polity's capital.[13] The appellation Galmudug
Galmudug
is a conflation of Galguduud
Galguduud
and Mudug provinces. Relations between Galmudug
Galmudug
and the Puntland
Puntland
region to its immediate north have historically been tense. However, the two regions gradually made strides toward strengthening inter-regional relations. To this end, representatives of the two autonomous administrations signed an accord in February 2011 in Garowe, the capital of Puntland, wherein both governments officially agreed to cooperate on security, economic and social matters.[14] Presidential elections On 1 August 2012, Galmudug's 25-seat parliament elected General Abdi Hasan Awale (Qaybdiid) as the region's new president. He replaced former president Mohamed Ahmed Aalin, who was receiving medical treatment abroad.[13] Qaybdiid had obtained 22 votes versus 1 vote for the other candidate, Abdisamad Nur Guled. Qaybdiid was subsequently sworn in as Galmudug
Galmudug
President in a ceremony in Galkayo
Galkayo
marking the 6th anniversary since the establishment of the Galmudug administration.[15] During his inauguration speech, Qaybdiid reiterated his pre-election promises to firm up on regional security, expand his administration's control to areas that had not been covered by the regional authority, and foster relations with neighbouring regional states and national bodies.[16] Official status As of 2013, Galmudug's official status as a federal state is in the process of being finalized. Qaybdiid's administration has asserted that Galmudug
Galmudug
meets the requirements for official state status, as outlined in the federal constitution. As of April 2013[update], the federal authorities have not accepted this claim.[17] Article 49 of the Provisional Federal Constitution, which oversees the establishment of the Federal Republic of Somalia's constituent states, stipulates that "based on a voluntary decision, two or more regions may merge to form a Federal Member State".[18] Since Galmudug
Galmudug
only includes part of the official Mudug
Mudug
region, the federal Interior Minister Abdikarim Guled has urged the local Galmudug
Galmudug
authorities to merge with other would be states, including Himan and Heeb, to form one unitary state consisting of two or more regions, in accordance with the constitution.[19] On 30 July 2014, the Federal Government of Somalia
Somalia
officially endorsed a new Central Regions State, following a signed agreement in Mogadishu between representatives from Galmudug, Himan and Heeb, and Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a. The formalization ceremony for the new federal state was held at the Villa Somalia
Somalia
presidential compound and was presided over by President of Somalia
Somalia
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
and Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, with UN, EU, AU, IGAD and AMISOM envoys also in attendance. According to the Prime Minister's office, the Federal Government appointed a ministerial committee to guide the formation of the new state. It also organized a number of consultative meetings with the regional representatives, with each party eventually agreeing to establish a new administration in the Mudug
Mudug
and Galguduud
Galguduud
regions. Additionally, the Central Regions State
Central Regions State
will be subject to the Provisional Federal Constitution.[20][21] On 31 July 2014, the autonomous Puntland
Puntland
regional administration in northeastern Somalia
Somalia
issued a statement rejecting the Central Regions State agreement on the grounds that it contravened certain clauses and articles in the Provisional Federal Constitution and breached Puntland's jurisdiction over the northern part of the Mudug province.[22][23] The Puntland
Puntland
Council of Ministers led by Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
further expressed dismay over sponsorship of and attendance during the agreement by representatives of the central government and the international community, respectively. It also suspended relations with the Mogadishu authorities, and recalled Puntland's representatives serving in the Federal Parliament, Federal Cabinet and Federal Constitutional Review Committee to the Puntland
Puntland
state capital of Garowe
Garowe
for consultations.[22] On 9 August 2014, the UN, EU and IGAD envoys for Somalia
Somalia
issued a joint statement assuring the Puntland
Puntland
administration that the new central state of Somalia
Somalia
would not include any territory under Puntland
Puntland
jurisdiction. According to the officials, federal government representatives and signatories had indicated prior to the signing of the central state agreement that the pact would only apply to Galguduud
Galguduud
and Galmudug, while North Mudug
Mudug
would remain an integral part of Puntland
Puntland
state.[24] On 24 August 2014, Federal Parliament Speaker Mohamed Osman Jawari
Mohamed Osman Jawari
announced that Federal MPs hailing from Puntland
Puntland
had begun brokering negotiations between the federal government and the Puntland
Puntland
regional administration.[25] On 14 October 2014, a three-day conference in Garowe
Garowe
concluded with a 12-point agreement between the Federal Government and Puntland authorities, which stipulates that the earlier Central Regions State pact between the Galmudug
Galmudug
and Himan and Heeb
Himan and Heeb
regional administrations only applies to the Galguduud
Galguduud
and south Mudug
Mudug
provinces.[26] On 25 December 2014, ahead of a state formation conference in Adado, the Federal Government appointed six committees to oversee the establishment of the prospective Central Somalia
Somalia
regional state. The steering bodies include a technical committee facilitating the creation of Central State, which is chaired by Halimo Ismail Ibrahim; a constitution committee, which is chaired by Abdinoor Moalim Mohamud; a reconciliation committee tasked with solving of differences and selection of delegates, which is chaired by Sheikh Omar Mohamud Mahad; a security, protocol and supervision committee, which is chaired by Uke Haji Abdirahman; a mobilization committee, which is chaired by Abdullahi Abdi Abdille; and a committee of accommodation of delegates and guests of honour, which is chaired by Dahir Hassan Guutaale.[27] In late March 2015, President Mohamud and Dhusamareb
Dhusamareb
traditional elders began talks over a possible relocation of the Adado
Adado
conference to Dhusamareb. Mohamud preferred holding the summit in Adado, whereas the traditional elders favored Dhusamareb
Dhusamareb
for security-related reasons and because the town had already recently hosted smaller reconciliation meetings.[28] In April 2015, during consultative talks with local politicians and traditional elders, President Mohamud officially announced that Dhusamareb
Dhusamareb
was slated to be the administrative capital of the Central State.[29] On 16 April, President Mohamud officially launched the Central State formation conference in Adado. The summit was attended by Federal Cabinet ministers and MPs, state formation technical committee Chairperson Halima Ismael, UN Special
Special
Envoy to Somalia Ambassador Nicholas Kay, IGAD Special
Special
Ambassador Mohamed Abdi Afey, Ambassador of Turkey Olgen Bakar and Uganda
Uganda
Special
Special
Envoy Nathan Mugisha. According to Mohamud, traditional leaders are now tasked with selecting 510 delegates, who will then elect a new regional president within two weeks.[30] Demographics The Galmudug
Galmudug
area in central Somalia
Somalia
is predominantly inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the larger Hawiye clan particularly the Hiraab sub-clan of the Hawiye well represented especially the Habar Gidir who makeup the majority of the populations in Galguduud
Galguduud
and southern mudug.[31] Administration As of 2014, the autonomous Galmudug
Galmudug
region's government is led by a President, Abdi Hasan Awale (Qaybdiid). He in turn has the power to appoint and dismiss Cabinet members. In April 2014, President Awale named a new twelve-member Cabinet.[32] Additionally, the Galmudug
Galmudug
administration appoints Governors for each of its constituent provinces. The Governor of the Mudug
Mudug
province is Awes Ali Said.[33] In November 2014, the Galmudug
Galmudug
regional administration in conjunction with the federal Ministry of Interior and the U.S. Tess Agency laid down the foundation for a new government centre in Gaalkacyo. The fourth such local project, the initiative follows the establishment of a new presidential office, social services center and football stadium.[34] In April 2015, the Galmudug
Galmudug
administration launched a campaign to dig sewages and drainages in the suburbs of Gaalkacyo. Galmudug
Galmudug
municipal and police officials in the process also began clearing illicit structures and buildings to make way for the new collection and disposal systems.[35] Education Educational institutions in the Galmudug
Galmudug
region are largely in the private sector.[33] In March 2015, the Galmudug
Galmudug
administration announced that it is slated to open free schools in the regional state. According to the Galmudug
Galmudug
Minister for Education Mohamed Haashi Dhalo-Dhalo, the local government will finance the appointment of teachers to the new institutions. The federal Ministry of Education is also scheduled to launch a number of additional educational projects in the region.[36] Universities and colleges in Galmudug
Galmudug
include Mudug
Mudug
University in Galkayo.[37] Galgaduud
Galgaduud
university in Abudwak.[38] Galmudug
Galmudug
Security Force Main article: Military of Galmudug Galmudug
Galmudug
Security Force (GSF) is the Armed Forces
Armed Forces
of the autonomous Galmudug
Galmudug
region of Central Somalia. Galmudug
Galmudug
Police Force is a highly trained Police force which operates in all of Galmudug
Galmudug
state, it is responsible for the security of the Autonomous region and the safety of the citizens of the Autonomous region. The Galmudug
Galmudug
Maritime Force is highly trained and highly equipped maritime force who safeguards the region's marine resources from piracy, illegal fishing, and other illegal activities of the coast of Somalia.[39] National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) is Somalia's National Intelligence And Security Agency, it has a branch in Galmudug
Galmudug
state where it does intelligence services for Galmudug
Galmudug
security forces and sometimes works alongside them.[40] Transportation For air transportation Galmudug
Galmudug
is served by Oshaka Airport in Galkayo, Ugaas Noor airport, Adado
Adado
International Airport and by the Obbia Airport
Obbia Airport
( Hobyo
Hobyo
Airport) in Hobyo.[41] Additionally, Hobyo
Hobyo
has a small but growing seaport.[42] State Flag Main article: Flag of Galmudug

Galmudug
Galmudug
Flag of Galmudug.

The current flag of Galmudug
Galmudug
was adopted on June 17, 2015. since 2006 Galmudug
Galmudug
used the Flag of Somalia
Somalia
until 2010 when it adopted its first regional state flag.[43] Galmudug's regional flag Design: White chevron bearing two green stars facing horizontally on a light blue field bearing a white star on the right side. Administrative divisions Regions Main article: Regions of Somalia The administrative divisions Galmudug
Galmudug
State is divided into two regions which are Mudug
Mudug
and Galgaduud.[9] These two regions are then divided into 10 districts.[44][45] However, according to CIA
CIA
Factbook northern Mudug
Mudug
is part of Puntland.[12]

Region Capital Districts

Galgaduud Dhuusamareeb 5

Mudug Galkayo 5

Largest cities

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Galmudug .

Rank

Region Pop.

Galkayo

Dhusamareb 1 Galkayo Mudug 545,000.[46]

Adado

Abudwak

2 Dhusamareb Galguduud 91,260 [47]

3 Adado Galguduud 45,630 [48]

4 Abudwak Galguduud 41,067[49]

5 El Buur Galguduud 79,000[50]

6 ceeldheer Galguduud 73,008 [51]

7 Hobyo Mudug 68,000[52]

8 Harardhere Mudug 65,543 [53]

9 Guri'el Galguduud 40,000[54]

10 Godinlabe Galguduud 50,000[55]

References

^ Mosley, Jason (2017). Somalia’s Federal Future Layered Agendas, Risks and Opportunities (PDF). Chatham House. p. 19.  ^ "Federalism in Africa: The Somalia
Somalia
Case".  ^ " Somalia
Somalia
Control Map & Timeline - August 2017".  ^ "UK aid in a conflict-affected country: Reducing conflict and fragility in Somalia".  ^ " Galmudug
Galmudug
and ASWJ to sign historic merger in Dhusamareb today".  ^ " Galmudug
Galmudug
marks its fifth anniversary". SONNA. 14 August 2011. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013.  ^ name="ACFTAOASYDOAGM">"Map Developers".  ^ Hobbes, Cameron (2017). Somalia
Somalia
and Democracy, a Task to Achieve. p. 48. ISBN 978-1542518512.  ^ a b c "Somalia's Federal Govt Endorses Central State". All Africa. Retrieved 18 June 2016.  ^ "Gulf of Aden Security Review - February 12, 2016". The Critical Threats Project. Retrieved 18 June 2016.  ^ http://maritimelandsecurity.com/federalism-in-the-central-region/ ^ a b "Introduction somalia -". CIA
CIA
Factbook.  ^ a b "Somalia: Galmudug
Galmudug
Elects New Leader, Pledges Security". SMN. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2013.  ^ An Agreement Jointly Signed by Puntland
Puntland
and Galmudug
Galmudug
Archived 2011-06-01 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Qeybdid sworn in as Galmudug
Galmudug
president". Bar-kulan. 2012-08-15. Retrieved 2012-08-16.  ^ Beerdhige, Mohamed (2012-08-01). " Galmudug
Galmudug
Elects New President". Somalia
Somalia
Report. Retrieved 2012-08-16.  ^ " Somalia
Somalia
govt 'pursuing leadership change in Galmudug': sources". Garowe
Garowe
Online. 8 April 2013. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2013.  ^ "The Federal Republic of Somalia
Somalia
- Provisional Constitution" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2013.  ^ Somali Ministry of Interior and National Security (26 March 2013). "Press Release: Somali Ministry of Interior and National Security". Radio Gaal. Retrieved 10 April 2013.  ^ "Somalia: Federal Govt endorses central state after tripartite deal". Garowe
Garowe
Online. 30 July 2014. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.  ^ "Somali Prime Minister welcomes agreement to form new administration in central Somalia". Horseed Media. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.  ^ a b "Somalia: Puntland
Puntland
withdraws support for Federal Govt". Garowe Online. 1 August 2014. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.  ^ "SOMALIA: Puntland
Puntland
cuts its ties with Federal Government following announcement of Central State". Raxanreeb. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.  ^ "SOMALIA: UN, EU and IGAD envoys for Somalia
Somalia
send concern letter to Puntland
Puntland
president after the region suspended ties with Mogadishu". Raxanreeb. 17 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.  ^ "SOMALIA: Speaker Jawari hails MPs' efforts to mediate between FG and Puntland". Raxanreeb. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Somalia: Puntland
Puntland
clinches deal with Federal Govt". Garowe
Garowe
Online. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.  ^ "Federal government finalizes committees to facilitate formation of Central state". Goobjoog. 25 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.  ^ "Dhusa-Mareeb conference Spokesman: "there is chance discuss about where hold state formation conference"". Goobjoog. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.  ^ "President Hassan Announces Administrative Capital of Upcoming Somali Central State". Goobjoog. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.  ^ " Adado
Adado
conference kicks off in entral Somalia". Garowe
Garowe
Online. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015.  ^ Transformation Towards a Regulated Economy. WSP Transition Programme, Somali Programme. 2000. p. 9.  ^ " Galmudug
Galmudug
president appoints new cabinet". Goobjoog. 28 April 2014. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014.  ^ a b " Galmudug
Galmudug
administration announce to open free schools". Goobjoog. 5 March 2014. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.  ^ "Foundation stone laid for Galkacyo Local Government Centre". Goobjoog. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.  ^ " Galmudug
Galmudug
Police Breaks Down Illegal Structures". Goobjoog. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.  ^ "Gal- Mudug
Mudug
State due to opens free school". Goobjoog. 16 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.  ^ " Mudug
Mudug
University". PlacementIndia. Retrieved 8 April 2014.  ^ http://markacadeey.com/2017/06/somali-government-progress-activities-in-the-past-week-27-may-02-june-2017/ ^ "GFNP". www.marsecreview.com. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ "GANFFANVTEM". nepjournal.com. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ " Obbia Airport
Obbia Airport
(CMO)". World Airport Codes. Retrieved 18 September 2013.  ^ "Istanbul conference on Somalia
Somalia
21 – 23 May 2010 - Draft discussion paper for Round Table "Transport infrastructure"" (PDF). Government of Somalia. Retrieved 31 August 2013.  ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Somalia.html ^ " Galgaduud
Galgaduud
Region" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2014.  ^ " Mudug
Mudug
Region" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2014.  ^ [1]. Retrieved on 2017-9-3. ^ [2]. Retrieved on 2017-9-3. ^ [3]. Retrieved on 2017-9-3. ^ https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Somalia/UNDP-POP-RURAL-URBAN%202005.pdf ^ https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Somalia/UNDP-POP-RURAL-URBAN%202005.pdf ^ https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Somalia/UNDP-POP-RURAL-URBAN%202005.pdf ^ https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Somalia/UNDP-POP-RURAL-URBAN%202005.pdf ^ https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Somalia/UNDP-POP-RURAL-URBAN%202005.pdf ^ name="tageo"> Somalia
Somalia
City & Town Population. Tageo.com. Retrieved on 2017-9-3. ^ name="tageo"> Somalia
Somalia
City & Town Population. Tageo.com. Retrieved on 2017-9-11.

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Somalia articles

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Chronology

Laas Geel Land of Punt Walashma dynasty Adal Sultanate Warsangali Sultanate Ajuran Empire Sultanate of the Geledi Majeerteen Sultanate Sultanate of Hobyo Dervish state Italian Somaliland British Somaliland Trust Territory of Somaliland Ogaden War Rebellion (1986–1992) Piracy Civil War

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Coordinates: 5°30′07″N 46°22′46″E / 5.50194°N 46.37944°E / 5.50194; 46.37944

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Somalia articles

History

Chronology

Laas Geel Land of Punt Walashma dynasty Adal Sultanate Warsangali Sultanate Ajuran Empire Sultanate of the Geledi Majeerteen Sultanate Sultanate of Hobyo Dervish state Italian Somaliland British Somaliland Trust Territory of Somaliland Ogaden War Rebellion (1986–1992) Piracy Civil War

War in Somalia
Somalia
(2006–2009) War in Somalia
Somalia
(2009–present)

By topic

Maritime Military Postal

Geography

Cities Climate Wildlife Greater Somalia Cape Guardafui Hafun Waterfalls

Iskushuban Lamadaya

Mountain ranges

Golis Mountains Cal Madow Ogo Mountains

Mountains

Shimbiris Bahaya Dul Madoba

Island

Sa'ad ad-Din Islands Bajuni Islands

Regions

Awdal Bakool Banaadir Bari Bay Galguduud Gedo Hiran Middle Juba Lower Juba Mudug Nugal Sanaag Middle Shebelle Lower Shebelle Sool Togdheer Woqooyi Galbeed

States

Galmudug Hirshabelle Jubaland Puntland Somaliland Khatumo South West State

Politics

Cabinet Constitution Elections Foreign relations Government Human rights

LGBT

LGBT history Judiciary Law (Xeer) Parliament

Speaker

Political parties President

List

Prime Minister of Somalia

List

Military

History National Army Air Force Navy

Economy

Agriculture Central Bank Companies Economic history EEZ Mineral industry Oil industry Shilling (currency) Communications Tourism Transportation

Society

Anthem Coat of arms Demographics Diaspora Education Flag Public holidays

Culture

Architecture Art Cinema Cuisine Literature Media Music Religion Sports Languages

Book Category Portal

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