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Eisenach
EISENACH is a town in Thuringia , Germany
Germany
with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres (31 miles) west of Erfurt
Erfurt
, 70 km (43 miles) southeast of Kassel
Kassel
and 150 km (93 miles) northeast of Frankfurt
Frankfurt
. It is the main urban centre of western Thuringia and bordering northeastern Hessian regions, situated near the former Inner German border . A major attraction is Wartburg
Wartburg
castle, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1999. Eisenach
Eisenach
was an early capital of Thuringia in the 12th and 13th centuries. St. Elizabeth lived at the court of the Ludowingians here between 1211 and 1228. Later, Martin Luther came to Eisenach
Eisenach
and translated the Bible into German
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UNESCO World Heritage
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Duchy Of Brabant
The DUCHY OF BRABANT was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183. It developed from the Landgraviate of Brabant and formed the heart of the historic Low Countries , part of the Burgundian Netherlands
Netherlands
from 1430 and of the Habsburg Netherlands
Habsburg Netherlands
from 1482, until it was partitioned after the Dutch revolt . Present-day North Brabant
North Brabant
(Staats-Brabant) was adjudicated to the Generality Lands of the Dutch Republic according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia , while the reduced duchy remained part of the Southern Netherlands
Netherlands
until it was conquered by French Revolutionary forces in 1794. Today all the duchy's former territories, apart from exclaves are in Belgium
Belgium
except for the Dutch province of North Brabant
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Inner German Border
East: * Nationale Volksarmee * Grenztruppen der DDR * Ministerium für Staatssicherheit * Volkspolizei * Group of Soviet Forces in Germany West: * Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
* Bundesgrenzschutz * Bundeszollverwaltung * Bayerische Grenzpolizei * British Army * British Frontier Service * US Army The INNER GERMAN BORDER (German : innerdeutsche Grenze or deutsch-deutsche Grenze; initially also Zonengrenze) was the border between the German Democratic Republic
German Democratic Republic
(GDR, East Germany) and the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany
(FRG, West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Not including the similar and physically separate Berlin Wall
Berlin Wall
, the border was 1,393 kilometres (866 mi) long and ran from the Baltic Sea to Czechoslovakia
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Hesse
HESSE (/ˈhɛs/ or /ˈhɛsi/ ) or HESSIA (German : Hessen , Hessian dialect : Hesse
Hesse
) is a federal state (Land) of the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany
, with just over six million inhabitants
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Kassel
KASSEL (German pronunciation: ( listen ); spelled CASSEL until 1928) is a city located on the Fulda River
Fulda River
in northern Hesse
Hesse
, Germany. It is the administrative seat of the Regierungsbezirk Kassel and the Kreis of the same name and has 200,507 inhabitants in December 2015. The former capital of the state of Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
has many palaces and parks, including the Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe , which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site . Kassel
Kassel
is also known for the documenta exhibitions of contemporary art
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Leipzig
LEIPZIG (/ˈlaɪpsɪɡ/ ; German: ( listen ), Lower Sorbian : Lipsk, Polish : Lipsk, Czech : Lipsko) is the largest city in the federal state of Saxony
Saxony
, Germany. With a population of 582,277 inhabitants (1.1 million residents in the larger urban zone ) it is Germany's tenth most populous city . Leipzig
Leipzig
is located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) southwest of Berlin
Berlin
at the confluence of the White Elster , Pleisse
Pleisse
, and Parthe
Parthe
rivers at the southern end of the North German Plain . Leipzig
Leipzig
has been a trade city since at least the time of the Holy Roman Empire . The city sits at the intersection of the Via Regia
Via Regia
and Via Imperii
Via Imperii
, two important medieval trade routes
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Black Death
The BLACK DEATH was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history , resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe
Europe
in the years 1346–1353. Although there were several competing theories as to the cause of the Black Death, analyses of DNA
DNA
from people in northern and southern Europe
Europe
published in 2010 and 2011 indicate that the pathogen responsible was the Yersinia pestis
Yersinia pestis
bacterium , resulting in several forms of plague , including the bubonic plague . The Black Death
Black Death
is thought to have originated in the arid plains of Central Asia
Central Asia
, where it then travelled along the Silk Road , reaching Crimea
Crimea
by 1343
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East Hesse Highlands
The EAST HESSE HIGHLANDS (German : Osthessisches Bergland) describes a heavily wooded range of hills lying mainly in the German state of Hesse
Hesse
, but also extending a little way into Lower Saxony to the north, Thuringia to the east and Bavaria to the southeast. The region is sandwiched between the West Hesse
Hesse
Depression to the west, the Weser Uplands to the north, the Thuringian Basin to the northeast, the northwestern edge of the Thuringian Forest
Thuringian Forest
to the east, the Spessart to the south and the Wetterau to the southwest. The East Hesse
Hesse
Highlands forms a natural region (no. 35 or D47) and is both part of the European Central Uplands
Central Uplands
as well as the Rhine- Weser watershed
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Social Democratic Party Of Germany
The SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF GERMANY (German : Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany
Germany
. The party, led by Chairman Martin Schulz since 2017, has become one of the two major contemporary political parties in Germany, along with the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). The SPD has governed at the federal level in Germany
Germany
as part of a grand coalition with the CDU and the Christian Social Union (CSU) since December 2013 following the results of the 2013 federal election . The SPD participates in 14 state governments, nine of them governed by SPD Minister-Presidents . The SPD is a member of the Party of European Socialists and of the Socialist International , and became a founding member of the Progressive Alliance on 22 May 2013
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Louis The Springer
LOUIS THE SPRINGER (German : Ludwig der Springer), sometimes called LOUIS THE JUMPER, or LOUIS THE LEAPER, also known as LOUIS OF SCHAUENBURG (1042 – 1123 in Reinhardsbrunn
Reinhardsbrunn
) was a German nobleman. He was the ruling count of Thuringia
Thuringia
from 1056 until his death. Little is known about him, although he is mentioned in many legends. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Legacy * 3 Marriage and issue * 4 Footnotes and references * 5 External links LIFELouis was a son of Louis the Bearded and a member of the Franconian noble Ludowingians dynasty. He was baptized in the parish church in Altenbergen (today part of Leinatal
Leinatal
). Around 1080, Louis and his brother Beringe founded the Schönrain Priory . In a document dated 1100, the two brothers are called of Schauenburg, after a castle which their father had built near Friedrichroda
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Free Imperial City
In the Holy Roman Empire , the collective term FREE AND IMPERIAL CITIES (German : Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded FREE IMPERIAL CITY (Freie Reichsstadt, Latin : urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that enjoyed a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet . An imperial city held the status of Imperial immediacy , and as such, was subordinate only to the Holy Roman Emperor , as opposed to a territorial city or town (Landstadt) which was subordinate to a territorial prince – be it an ecclesiastical lord (prince-bishop , prince-abbot ) or a secular prince (duke ( Herzog
Herzog
), margrave , count ( Graf
Graf
), etc.)
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Vehicle Registration Plate
A VEHICLE REGISTRATION PLATE, also known as a NUMBER PLATE (British English ) or a LICENSE PLATE ( American English ), is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register . In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency
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Frankfurt
FRANKFURT AM MAIN (German pronunciation: ( listen )) is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse
Hesse
and the fifth-largest city in Germany
Germany
, with a 2015 population of 731,095 within its administrative boundaries, and 2.3 million in its urban area . The city is at the centre of the larger Frankfurt
Frankfurt
Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region , which has a population of 5.8 million and is Germany\'s second-largest metropolitan region after Rhine-Ruhr
Rhine-Ruhr
. Since the enlargement of the European Union in 2013 , the geographic centre of the EU is about 40 km (25 mi) to the east of Frankfurt's CBD , the Bankenviertel
Bankenviertel
. Frankfurt
Frankfurt
is culturally and ethnically diverse, with around half of the population, and a majority of young people, having a migration background
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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