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East
EAST is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass . It is the opposite direction from west . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Navigation
Navigation
* 3 Cultural * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ETYMOLOGYThe word east comes from Middle English
Middle English
est, from Old English
Old English
ēast, which itself comes from the Proto-Germanic *aus-to- or *austra- "east, toward the sunrise", from Proto-Indo-European *aus- "to shine," or "dawn". This is similar to Old High German
Old High German
*ōstar "to the east", Latin
Latin
aurora "dawn", and Greek ēōs or heōs. Ēostre , a Germanic goddess of dawn, might have been a personification of both dawn and the cardinal points. NAVIGATIONBy convention , the right hand side of a map is east
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Rotation Around A Fixed Axis
ROTATION AROUND A FIXED AXIS is a special case of rotational motion. The fixed axis hypothesis excludes the possibility of an axis changing its orientation, and cannot describe such phenomena as wobbling or precession . According to Euler\'s rotation theorem , simultaneous rotation along a number of stationary axes at the same time is impossible. If two rotations are forced at the same time, a new axis of rotation will appear. This article assumes that the rotation is also stable, such that no torque is required to keep it going. The kinematics and dynamics of rotation around a fixed axis of a rigid body are mathematically much simpler than those for free rotation of a rigid body ; they are entirely analogous to those of linear motion along a single fixed direction, which is not true for free rotation of a rigid body
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Norm (social)
From a sociological perspective, SOCIAL NORMS are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society. Social psychology
Social psychology
recognizes smaller group units, such as a team or an office, may also endorse norms separately or in addition to cultural or societal expectations. In other words, norms are regarded as collective representations of acceptable group conduct as well as individual perceptions of particular group conduct. They can be viewed as cultural products (including values, customs, and traditions) which represent individuals' basic knowledge of what others do and think that they should do. Furthermore, in the field of social psychology, the roles of norms are emphasized which can guide behavior in a certain situation or environment as "mental representations of appropriate behavior"
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Merriam-Webster
MERRIAM–WEBSTER, INCORPORATED, is an American company that publishes reference books, especially known for its dictionaries . In 1828, George and Charles Merriam founded the company as G it sold poorly, with only 2,500 copies putting him in debt. However, in 1840, he published the second edition in two volumes with much greater success. Author and poet Nathan W. Austin explores the intersection of lexicographical and poetic practices in American literature, and attempts to map out a "lexical poetics" using Webster's dictionaries as a base. He shows ways that American poetry inherited Webster's ideas and draws on his lexicography to develop the language
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium
Latium
, in the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. Through the power of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages
Romance languages
, such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian
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Sun
The SUN is the star at the center of the Solar System
Solar System
. It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma , with internal convective motion that generates a magnetic field via a dynamo process . It is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth
Earth
. Its diameter is about 109 times that of Earth, and its mass is about 330,000 times that of Earth, accounting for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System. About three quarters of the Sun's mass consists of hydrogen (~73%); the rest is mostly helium (~25%), with much smaller quantities of heavier elements, including oxygen , carbon , neon , and iron . The Sun
Sun
is a G-type main-sequence star (G2V) based on its spectral class . As such, it is informally referred to as a yellow dwarf
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Map
A MAP is a symbolic depiction emphasizing relationships between elements of some space, such as objects , regions , or themes. Many maps are static, fixed to paper or some other durable medium, while others are dynamic or interactive. Although most commonly used to depict geography, maps may represent any space , real or imagined, without regard to context or scale , such as in brain mapping , DNA mapping, or computer network topology mapping. The space being mapped may be two dimensional, such as the surface of the earth, three dimensional, such as the interior of the earth, or even more abstract spaces of any dimension, such as arise in modeling phenomena having many independent variables. Although the earliest maps known are of the heavens, geographic maps of territory have a very long tradition and exist from ancient times. The word "map" comes from the medieval Latin
Latin
Mappa mundi, wherein mappa meant napkin or cloth and mundi the world
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Navigation
NAVIGATION is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another. The field of navigation includes four general categories: land navigation, marine navigation, aeronautic navigation, and space navigation. It is also the term of art used for the specialized knowledge used by navigators to perform navigation tasks. All navigational techniques involve locating the navigator's position compared to known locations or patterns. Navigation, in a broader sense, can refer to any skill or study that involves the determination of position and direction. In this sense, navigation includes orienteering and pedestrian navigation. For information about different navigation strategies that people use, visit human navigation
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Gregale
The GREGALE (Catalan : Gregal, Italian : Grecale, Maltese : Grigal, Greek : Γραίγος) is a Mediterranean
Mediterranean
wind that can occur during times when a low-pressure area moves through the area to the south of Malta
Malta
and causes a strong, cool, northeasterly wind to affect the island. It also affects other islands of the Western Mediterranean
Mediterranean
. The name derives from the Italian grecale, which refers to the island of Zakynthos , in Greece
Greece
. This is likely to be the Euroclydon storm, from Greek Euros (east) and kludo (billow, surge) or Latin Aquilo (north) "northeaster" or the island Clauda (Acts 27:16), which wrecked the apostle Paul\'s ship on the coast of Malta
Malta
on his way to Rome (Acts 27:14 )
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Ponente
PONENTE (Italian: , Spanish : Poniente, Croatian : Punenat, Catalan : Ponent, Portuguese : Poente, Maltese : Punent, Greek : Πουνέντες, Serbian : Punenat) is the traditional cardinal point West , more specifically a wind that blows from the west. The name is derived from the Latin via Italian for "setting", meaning sunset , and appeared by that name in the traditional compass rose on the Mediterranean Sea nautical charts since the Middle Ages. Regional variations include the Catalan "ponent" and the Spanish "poniente", which is the name for the warm and dry westerly breeze that blows across the Atlantic onto the west Mediterranean coast and through the Straits of Gibraltar
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Mistral (wind)
The MISTRAL (Catalan : Mestral, Greek : Μαΐστρος) is a strong, cold, northwesterly wind that blows from southern France into the Gulf of Lion
Gulf of Lion
in the northern Mediterranean
Mediterranean
, with sustained winds often exceeding 66 km/h (41 mph), sometimes reaching 185 km/h (115 mph). It is most common in the winter and spring, and strongest in the transition between the two seasons. Periods of the wind exceeding 30 km/h (19 mph) for more than sixty-five hours have been reported. In France, it refers to a violent, cold, north or northwest wind that accelerates when it passes through the valleys of the Rhône
Rhône
and the Durance Rivers to the coast of the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
around the Camargue region
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Libeccio
The LIBECCIO (/lɪˈbɛtʃioʊ/ ; Italian: ; Croatian : lebić; Catalan : llebeig ; Greek : λίβας ; Serbian : lebić, ) is the westerly or south-westerly wind which predominates in northern Corsica all year round; it frequently raises high seas and may give violent westerly squalls. In summer it is most persistent, but in winter it alternates with the Tramontane (north-east or north). The word libeccio is Italian , coming from Greek through Latin , and originally means "Libyan"
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Ostro
OSTRO (Catalan : Migjorn, Croatian : Oštro, Greek : Όστρια, Montenegrin : Oštrijal), or AUSTRO, is a southerly wind in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
, especially the Adriatic . Its name is derived from the Latin name Auster , which also meant a southerly wind
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Sirocco
SIROCCO, SCIROCCO, /sɪˈrɒkoʊ/ , JUGO or, rarely, SIROC (Catalan : Xaloc, Greek : Σορόκος, Spanish : Siroco, Occitan : Siròc, Eisseròc, Croatian JUGO, literally southerly , Libyan Arabic : Ghibli, Egypt
Egypt
: khamsin , Tunisia
Tunisia
: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean
Mediterranean
wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe , especially during the summer season. CONTENTS * 1 Development * 2 Effects * 3 References * 4 External links DEVELOPMENTIt arises from a warm, dry, tropical airmass that is pulled northward by low-pressure cells moving eastward across the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea , with the wind originating in the Arabian or Sahara deserts
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Tramontane
TRAMONTANE /trəˈmɒnteɪn/ is a classical name for a northern wind. The exact form of the name and precise direction varies from country to country. The word came to English from Italian tramontana, which developed from Latin trānsmontānus (trāns- + montānus), "beyond/across the mountains", referring to the Alps
Alps
in the North
North
of Italy . The word has other non-wind-related senses: it can refer to anything that comes from, or anyone who lives on, the other side of mountains, or even more generally, anything seen as foreign, strange, or even barbarous
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