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East
East
is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass. It is the opposite direction from west.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Navigation 3 Cultural 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Etymology[edit] The word east comes from Middle English
Middle English
est, from Old English
Old English
ēast, which itself comes from the Proto-Germanic *aus-to- or *austra- "east, toward the sunrise", from Proto-Indo-European *aus- "to shine," or "dawn".[1] This is similar to Old High German
Old High German
*ōstar "to the east", Latin
Latin
aurora "dawn", and Greek ēōs ἠώς.[2] Ēostre, a Germanic goddess of dawn, might have been a personification of both dawn and the cardinal points. Navigation[edit] By convention, the right hand side of a map is east. This convention has developed from the use of a compass, which places north at the top. However, on maps of planets such as Venus which rotate retrograde, the left hand side is east. To go east using a compass for navigation, one sets a bearing or azimuth of 90°. Cultural[edit] East
East
is the direction toward which the Earth
Earth
rotates about its axis, and therefore the general direction from which the Sun
Sun
appears to rise. The practice of praying towards the East
East
is older than Christianity, but has been adopted by this religion as the Orient was thought of as containing mankind's original home. Hence, some Christian churches have been traditionally oriented towards the east.[3][4] See also[edit]

Intermediate Region Easting Oriental

References[edit]

^ "east". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 3 December 2013.  ^ "east". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 3 December 2013.  ^ "Orientation of Churches". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 3 December 2013.  ^ Peters, Bosco (30 April 2012). "Architectural Design Guidelines 1". Liturgy.co.nz. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

The dictionary definition of east at Wiktionary

v t e

Compass direction

Cardinal and ordinal directions

North Northeast East Southeast South Southwest West Northwest

The eight principal winds

Tramontane Gregale Levant Sirocco Ostro Libecc

.