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District
A DISTRICT is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government . Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning entire regions or counties , several municipalities , subdivisions of municipalities, school district , or political district
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Administrative Division
An ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION, UNIT, ENTITY, AREA or REGION, also referred to as a SUBNATIONAL ENTITY, CONSTITUENT UNIT, or COUNTRY SUBDIVISION, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration . Administrative divisions are granted a certain degree of autonomy and are usually required to manage themselves through their own local governments . Countries are divided up into these smaller units to make managing their land and the affairs of their people easier. For example, a country may be divided into provinces , which, in turn, are divided into counties , which, in turn, may be divided in whole or in part into municipalities ; and so on. Administrative divisions are conceptually separate from dependent territories , with the former being an integral part of the state and the other being only under some lesser form of control
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Local Government
LOCAL GOVERNMENT is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government , national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states , local government generally comprises the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states , local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions. The question of municipal autonomy is a key question of public administration and governance
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Region
In geography , REGIONS are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography ), human impact characteristics (human geography ), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography ). Geographic regions and sub-regions are mostly described by their imprecisely defined, and sometimes transitory boundaries, except in human geography, where jurisdiction areas such as national borders are defined in law. Apart from the global continental regions, there are also hydrospheric and atmospheric regions that cover the oceans , and discrete climates above the land and water masses of the planet. The land and water global regions are divided into subregions geographically bounded by large geological features that influence large-scale ecologies, such as plains and features
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County
A COUNTY is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French _conté_ or _cunté_ denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count (earl ) or a viscount . The modern French is _comté_, and its equivalents in other languages are _contea_, _contado_, _comtat_, _condado_, _Grafschaft_, _graafschap_, _Gau_, etc. (cf. _conte _, _comte_, _conde_, _ Graf _). When the Normans conquered England , they brought the term with them. The Saxons had already established the districts that became the historic counties of England , calling them shires (many county names derive from the name of the county town (county seat ) with the word "shire" added on: for example, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire ). The Vikings introduced the term earl (from Old Norse, _jarl_) to the British Isles
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Municipality
A MUNICIPALITY is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county , which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns , villages and hamlets . The term _municipality_ may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district . The term is derived from French _municipalité_ and Latin _municipalis_
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School District
A SCHOOL DISTRICT is a form of special-purpose district which serves to operate local public primary and secondary schools, for formal academic or scholastic teaching, in various nations. CONTENTS* 1 United States * 1.1 History * 1.2 Terminology * 1.2.1 Schools * 1.2.2 Districts * 1.2.2.1 Teacher assignment practices in school districts * 2 Europe * 3 Examples * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links UNITED STATES See also: Lists of school districts in the United States In the U.S, public schools belong to school districts, which are governed by SCHOOL BOARDS. Each district is an independent special-purpose government, or dependent school systems, under the guidelines of each U.S. state government and local school boards
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Political District
An ELECTORAL DISTRICT (also known as a CONSTITUENCY, LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT, RIDING, WARD, DIVISION, ELECTORAL AREA, or ELECTORATE) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body . Generally, only voters (constituents) who reside within the district are permitted to vote in an election held there. From a single district, a single member or multiple members might be chosen. Members might be chosen by a first-past-the-post system or a proportional representative system, or another voting method entirely. Members might be chosen through a direct election under universal suffrage , an indirect election , or another form of suffrage
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Afghanistan
Coordinates : 33°N 65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan * _د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت_ ( Pashto ) * _Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat_ * _جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان_ (Dari ) * _Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh Afġānestān_ Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله "Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh" "There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God
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Districts Of Afghanistan
This is a list of DISTRICTS OF AFGHANISTAN, known as _wuleswali_ (Pashto : ولسوالۍ‎ or _wuləswāləi_; Persian : شهرستان‎‎), which are one level below the provinces . The number of districts has fluctuated over the years, with new districts created by splitting or merging parts of others. Prior to 1979, there were 325 districts but a major reorganization in 2004 led to the number increasing to 397. As of June 2005, the Afghan Ministry of the Interior recognised 398 districts, divided between the 34 provinces. This number is expected to change with further administrative reorganization
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Persian Language
PERSIAN (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/ ), also known by its endonym FARSI (فارسی _fārsi_ ( listen )), is one of the Western Iranian languageswithin the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family . It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan(officially known as DARI since 1958), and Tajikistan (officially known as TAJIKI since the Soviet era), and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script. The Persian languageis classified as a continuation of Middle Persian , the official religious and literary language of the Sasanian Empire , itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenid Empire. Its grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages
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Pashto Language
PASHTO (/ˈpʌʃtoʊ/ , rarely /ˈpæʃtoʊ/ , Pashto: پښتو‎ Pax̌tō ), sometimes spelled PUSHTU or PUSHTO, is the South -Central Asian language of the Pashtuns . It is known in Persian literature as AFGHāNI (افغانی) and in Urdu and Hindi literature as PAṭHāNī. Speakers of the language are called Pashtuns or Pukhtuns and sometimes Afghans or Pathans. It is an Eastern Iranian language , belonging to the Indo-European family . Pashto
Pashto
is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, and it is the second-largest regional language of Pakistan
Pakistan
, mainly spoken in the west and northwest of the country. Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are almost 100% Pashto-speaking, while it is the majority language of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the northern districts of Balochistan
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Australia
Coordinates : 25°S 133°E / 25°S 133°E / -25; 133 Commonwealth of Australia Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Advance Australia Fair " CAPITAL Canberra 35°18′29″S 149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444 LARGEST CITY Sydney NATIONAL LANGUAGE English RELIGION * 52.1% Christianity * 30.1% No religion * 9.6% Not stated or unclear * 2.6%
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State Electoral Districts
A STATE ELECTORAL DISTRICT is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts (except Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania , which have multi-member electorates using a proportional voting method) send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting. The size of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in size between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one (New South Wales , South Australia , Tasmania , Victoria and Western Australia )
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Cadastral Divisions Of Australia
LANDS ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF AUSTRALIA are the parts of Australia which are divided into the cadastral units of counties , parishes , hundreds , and other divisions for the purposes of land ownership. Many property titles in Australia are listed as being in the parish and county. The whole of the eastern states of Queensland , New South Wales , Victoria and Tasmania were divided into counties and parishes in the 19th century, although the Tasmanian counties were renamed land districts in the twentieth century. Parts of South Australia (south-east) and Western Australia (south-west) were similarly divided into counties, and there were also five counties in a small part of the Northern Territory . However South Australia has subdivisions of hundreds instead of parishes, along with the Northern Territory, which was part of South Australia when the hundreds were proclaimed
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