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A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning entire place such as “Genevilnao” (a town in south Italy)regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district.

Contents

1 By country

1.1  Afghanistan 1.2  Australia 1.3 Austria

1.3.1 Vienna

1.4 Azerbaijan 1.5  Bangladesh 1.6  Belgium 1.7  Bhutan 1.8 Bosnia and Herzegovina

1.8.1 Brčko District

1.9  Brazil 1.10 Brunei 1.11  Canada

1.11.1 Alberta 1.11.2 British Columbia 1.11.3 New Brunswick 1.11.4  Ontario 1.11.5 Northwest Territories 1.11.6 Quebec

1.12 People's Republic of China 1.13 Republic of China 1.14  Colombia 1.15 Czech Republic 1.16  France 1.17  Germany 1.18  Hong Kong 1.19  Hungary 1.20  India

1.20.1 District
District
revenue administration in A.P. 1.20.2 Panchayati Raj

1.21 Indonesia 1.22 Iran 1.23 Iraq 1.24  Japan 1.25  Kenya 1.26 South Korea 1.27 Mauritius 1.28  Malaysia 1.29 Nauru 1.30    Nepal 1.31  New Zealand 1.32  Northern Cyprus 1.33  Norway 1.34  Pakistan 1.35 Peru 1.36  Philippines

1.36.1 Legislative

1.36.1.1 National 1.36.1.2 Regional 1.36.1.3 Provincial 1.36.1.4 City

1.36.2 Administrative

1.36.2.1 Current 1.36.2.2 Historical

1.36.3 Special-purpose districts 1.36.4 Informal districts

1.37  Poland 1.38  Portugal 1.39  Russia 1.40  Serbia 1.41 Slovakia 1.42  South Africa 1.43  Sri Lanka 1.44  Sweden 1.45 Switzerland 1.46 Thailand 1.47  Turkey 1.48 Uganda 1.49  United Kingdom

1.49.1 England 1.49.2 Wales 1.49.3 Scotland 1.49.4 Northern Ireland

1.50 Ukraine 1.51  United States 1.52  Vietnam

2 See also 3 References

By country[edit]  Afghanistan[edit] Main article: Districts of Afghanistan In Afghanistan, a district (Persian / Pashto: ولسوالۍ‎ Wuleswali) is a subdivision of a province. There are almost 400 districts in the country.  Australia[edit] Main articles: State Electoral Districts
State Electoral Districts
and Cadastral
Cadastral
divisions of Australia Electoral districts are used in state elections. Districts were also used in several states as cadastral units for land titles. Some were used as squatting districts. New South Wales
Wales
had several different types of districts used in the 21st century. Austria[edit] Main article: Districts of Austria In Austria, a district (Bezirk) is an administrative division normally encompassing several municipalities, roughly equivalent to the Landkreis in Germany. The administrative office of a district, the Bezirkshauptmannschaft, is headed by a Bezirkshauptmann. It is in charge of the administration of all matters of federal and state administrative law and subject to orders from the higher instances, usually the Landeshauptmann
Landeshauptmann
(governor) in matters of federal law and the Landesregierung (state government) in state law. While there are matters of administrative law the municipalities themselves are in charge of, or where there are special bodies, the district is the basic unit of general administration in Austria. Officials on the district level are not elected, but appointed by the state government. There are also independent cities in Austria. They are called Statutarstadt
Statutarstadt
in Austrian administrative law. These urban districts do have the same tasks as a normal district. Vienna[edit] Main article: Districts of Vienna The State of Vienna, which is at the same time a municipality, is also subdivided in twenty-three districts, which, however, have a somewhat different function than in the rest of the country. Legally, the Magistratisches Bezirksamt (district office) is a local office of the municipality's administration. However, representatives (Bezirksräte) on the district level are elected, and they in turn elect the head of the district, the Bezirksvorsteher. Those representative bodies are supposed to serve as immediate contacts for the locals on the political and administrative level. In practice, they have some power, e.g. concerning matters of traffic. Azerbaijan[edit] Main article: Subdivisions of Azerbaijan  Bangladesh[edit] Bangladeshi
Bangladeshi
districts are local administrative units. In all, there are 64 districts in Bangladesh. Originally, there were 21 greater districts with several subdivisions in each district. In 1984, the government made all these subdivisions into districts. Each district has several sub districts called Upazila
Upazila
in Bengali.  Belgium[edit] Main article: Districts of Antwerp In Belgian municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, on initiative of the local council, sub-municipal administrative entities with elected councils may be created. As such, only Antwerp, having over 460,000 inhabitants, became subdivided into nine districts (Dutch: districten). The Belgian arrondissements (also in French as well as in Dutch), an administrative level between province (or the capital region) and municipality, or the lowest judicial level, are in English sometimes called districts as well.  Bhutan[edit] Bhutanese districts (dzongkhag) are local administrative units consisting of village blocks called gewog. Some have subdistricts called dungkhag. Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit] In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a district is a self-governing administrative unit. Brčko District[edit] Brčko District
Brčko District
in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
is formally part of both the Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Assembly of the Brčko District
Brčko District
has 29 seats.  Brazil[edit] Brazilian municipalities are subdivided into districts. Small municipalities usually have only one urban district, which contains the city itself, consisting of the seat of the local government, where the municipality's prefeitura and câmara de vereadores ( City
City
Hall and City
City
Council, respectively, the Executive and Legislative
Legislative
local bodies) are located. The rural districts and groups of urban districts (mainly in large cities) may also present a sub local Executive body, named subprefeitura. Brunei[edit] Main article: Districts of Brunei A district is known locally as daerah and it is the first-level administrative division of Brunei. There are four districts in the country, namely Brunei-Muara, Tutong, Belait and Temburong. Each district is administered by a Jabatan Daerah ( District
District
Office), which is headed by a Pegawai Daerah ( District
District
Officer). All district offices are government departments under the Ministry of Home Affairs (Malay: Kementerian Hal Ehwal Dalam Negeri).  Canada[edit] Alberta[edit] In Alberta, the municipal districts and improvement districts are types of rural municipalities.[1] They are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada,[2] which form parts of census divisions. British Columbia[edit] In the province of British Columbia, there are several kinds of administrative districts by that name. The usual usage is a reference to district municipalities, which are a class of municipality in the same hierarchy as city, town, or village. Most are styled, e.g., " District
District
of Mission" or " District
District
of Wells", though some are styled, e.g., "Corporation of Delta" or " Township
Township
of Langley". Within the area of municipal powers, regional districts – which are somewhat analogous to counties in other jurisdictions, a number of municipalities, and unincorporated areas – are always referred to as "regional districts" to distinguish them from district municipalities and other kinds of district. Other kinds of districts in British Columbia
British Columbia
are:

Electoral districts (some early ridings, as electoral districts are commonly known, included "district" in their title, e.g. New Westminster District) Forest districts, which are a set of administrative regions of the British Columbia
British Columbia
Ministry of Forests Land districts, which are the underlying cadastral survey system for the province and are the primary locational reference used in government databases and references. The primary use of "district" in combinations such as the Lillooet District
District
or New Westminster District was a reference to the land district, though sometimes to mining divisions. School districts, also often referred to simply as "districts", when in context. Other types of regional subdivision, according to the ministry or agency, are generally styled "region" or "area". These include such as Ministry of Environment regions, health regions and regional management planning areas such as the Muskwa-Kechika Management Planning Area.

New Brunswick[edit] New Brunswick
New Brunswick
has numerous local service districts, 7 school districts, 10 federal electoral districts and 55 provincial electoral districts.  Ontario[edit] In Ontario, a district is a statutory subdivision of the province, but, unlike a county, a district is not incorporated. Most districts are composed of unincorporated lands, mostly Crown land. Originally present-day Southern Ontario
Ontario
(then part of the Province of Quebec
Province of Quebec
and after 1791, Upper Canada) was divided into districts in 1788 [1]. Districts continued to operation until 1849 when they were replaced by counties by the Province of Canada. The current Ontario
Ontario
districts such as Algoma and Nipissing were first created by the Province of Canada
Canada
in 1858 prior to Confederation
Confederation
for the delivery of judicial and provincial government services to sparsely populated areas from the district seat (e.g. Sault Ste. Marie). Some districts may have District
District
Social Service Administration Boards, which are designed to provide certain social services. The boundaries of a federal census division may correspond to those of a district. Northwest Territories[edit] In western and northern Canada, the federal government created districts as subdivisions of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
1870–1905, partly on the model of the districts created in the Province of Canada[3][citation needed]. The first district created was the District of Keewatin
District of Keewatin
in 1876 followed by four more districts in 1882. Gradually, these districts became separate territories (such as Yukon), separate provinces (such as Alberta
Alberta
and Saskatchewan) or were absorbed into other provinces. Quebec[edit] In Quebec, districts are municipal electoral subdivisions of boroughs, which are subdivisions of cities. They function in a similar manner to what is elsewhere known as a ward. People's Republic of China[edit] Main article: District
District
(PRC) In China, the district or qū (市辖区, pinyin: shì xiá qū) is a subdivision of any of various city administrative units, including municipalities, sub-provincial cities and prefecture-level cities. Districts have county level status. Modern districts are a recent innovation. In the context of pre-modern China, the English translation "district" is typically associated with xian, another Chinese administrative division. The xian is translated as "county" in the context of modern China. Republic of China[edit] Main article: District
District
(Taiwan) In the Republic of China, district (Chinese: 區; pinyin: Qū) is the 3rd level of the administrative division. It is a division of special municipality and provincial city of Taiwan Province. Currently, there are 157 districts in total from 5 special municipalities and 3 provincial cities.  Colombia[edit] In Colombia, a district is one of ten special administrative units:

Barranquilla
Barranquilla
( Special
Special
Industrial Port District) Cartagena Tourism and Cultural District Bogotá
Bogotá
(Capital District) Santa Marta
Santa Marta
(Historical, Tourism and Cultural District) Tunja (Historical and Cultural District) Popayán (Special, Ecotouristic, Historical and Universitarian District) Turbo ( Special
Special
Port District) Tumaco ( Special
Special
Industrial, Port, Biodiverse and Ecotouristic District) Cúcuta ( Special
Special
Border and Touristic District) Buenaventura ( Special
Special
Industrial, Port, Biodiverse and Ecotouristic District)

Czech Republic[edit] A "district" in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
is an okres (plural okresy). After a reform in 2002, the districts lost administrative power to regions (kraje) and selected towns (pověřené obce) and became statistical zones.  France[edit] French districts were the first subdivision of the départements from the 4 March 1790 to the 28 pluviôse an VIII (17 February 1800). Then, in the 20th century, districts were a type of intercommunity, they've been replaced by communauté de communes and communautés d'agglomération after 1999.  Germany[edit] Main article: Districts of Germany

In Germany, a district ("Kreis") is an administrative unit between the "Länder" (German federal states) and the local / municipal levels (Gemeinden). As of 2011, most of the 402 German districts are "Landkreise", rural districts. 107 larger cities (usually with more than 100,000 inhabitants) that do not belong to a district are considered as urban districts ("Kreisfreie Städte" or "Stadtkreise").

A local subdistrict is called a Gemarkung, a term most often used for smaller rural areas (with similar concepts in Austria
Austria
and Switzerland). A Gemarkung is usually associated with and named after a central town or village. Areas in such subdistricts and their usage are documented in central registries (German: Kataster) and have been historically used for taxation.

In some states, there is additional level of administration between the Länder and the Landkreise called Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
(government district). District
District
(Bezirk) was also an administrative subdivision of the German Democratic Republic from 1952. See Administrative division
Administrative division
of the German Democratic Republic City
City
district (Stadtbezirk) is the primary subdivision category of many Kreisfreie Städte.

 Hong Kong[edit] Main article: Districts of Hong Kong Hong Kong
Hong Kong
is divided into eighteen districts, each with a district council.  Hungary[edit] 175 districts were established on January 1, 2013. The existing 19 counties are subdivided into 6 - 18 districts per county. The capital city of Budapest does not belong to any counties and is already divided to 23 districts.  India[edit]

Districts of India

Main article: Districts of India See also: Subdivisions of India India's districts (Assamese: জিলা; Bengali (জেলা); Gujarati (જિલ્લો); Hindi: (ज़िला) [zɪla] or (जनपद) [dʒənpəd̪]; Kannada: ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ (jille); Malayalam: ജില്ല(jilla); Punjabi: ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ; mavattam Tamil: மாவட்டம்;Telugu: జిల్లా;) are local administrative units inherited from the British Raj. They generally form the tier of local government immediately below that of India's subnational states and territories. Where warranted, districts may further be grouped into administrative divisions, which form an intermediate level between the district and the subnational state (or union territory). A district is headed by a Deputy Commissioner/ Collector, who is responsible for the overall administration and the maintenance of law and order. The district collector may belong to IAS (Indian Administrative Service). Other key responsibilities include the collection of revenue, and criminal prosecution in the district and sessional courts. Usually, the Deputy Commissioner/ District
District
Collector is granted magisterial powers under section 20 of Criminal Procedure Code, and designated as the District
District
Magistrate. The official designations are "Collector and District
District
Magistrate" or "Deputy Commissioner and District
District
Magistrate". Districts are most frequently further sub-divided into smaller administrative units, called either tehsils or talukas or mavattams, depending on the region. These units have specific local responsibilities, including in particular coordinating revenue collection. An intermediate level (the sub-division) between district and tehsil/taluka may be formed by grouping these units under the oversight of Assistant Commissioners or sub-collectors. Each district includes one or two cities (or large towns), a few smaller towns and dozens of villages. Most of the Indian districts have the same name as their main town or city.

A district in South India

As of April 2016, the National Informatics Centre
National Informatics Centre
of the Government of India, lists a total of 664 districts in India, more than the number of parliamentary constituencies (545).[4] District
District
revenue administration in A.P.[edit]

District
District
headed by collector A district is composed of four or five revenue divisions administered by R.D.O./sub collector, Revenue Divisions divided into taluks/mandals headed by tahsildars, Mandals composed of a ten or more villages administered by village revenue officers and village servants.

In Uttar Pradesh Districts and tahsils are defined in U.P. Land Revenue Act, 1901. Panchayati Raj[edit] Tiers of administration

Grama panchayath: sarpanch Village
Village
clusters: M.P.T.C. Mandal/Taluk: M.P.P./Z.P.T.C. District: Z.P. Chairperson.

Indonesia[edit] Main article: Districts of Indonesia In Papua and West Papua, two of the 34 provinces of Indonesia, a distrik is a subdivision of a regency or a city. Formerly it was called a kecamatan, which translates into English as subdistrict. However, even though both terms refer to the same hierarchical level, the translation is ambiguous. In many newer translations of official documents kecamatan itself is translated into English as "district", while some others still translate it to "subdistrict". Distrik or kecamatan do not have legal autonomy to govern themselves, because they are only administrative extensions of a regency or a city. Iran[edit] Main articles: Provinces of Iran
Iran
and Counties of Iran Iran
Iran
is subdivided into thirty one provinces (Persian: استان Ostān), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: Markaz) of that province. The provinces of Iran
Iran
further subdivided into counties called shahrestan (Persian: شهرستان‎ shahrestān), an area inside an ostan, and consists of a city center, few bakhsh (Persian: بخش‎ bakhsh) and many villages around them. There are usually a few cities (Persian: شهر‎ shahr) and rural agglomerations (Persian: دهستان‎ dehestān) in each county. Rural agglomerations are a collection of a number of villages. One of the cities of the county is appointed as the capital of the county. The world Shahrestan comes from the Persian words shahr and ostan, which mean city (or town) and province, respectively. The nearest equivalent of Shahrestan in English would be sub-province or county. Each Shahrestan has a governmental office known as Farmandari which coordinates different events and governmental offices. The Farmandar, or the head of Farmandari, is the governor of the Shahrestan which is the highest governmental authority in the division. Iraq[edit] Main article: Districts of Iraq In Iraq, they use the word qadaa for districts. There are over a hundred districts, each district being within one of 18 Iraqi governorates, sometimes known as provinces. The district generally (but not always) bears the name of a city within that district, usually the capital of that district.  Japan[edit] A district (gun in Japanese) is a local administrative unit comprising towns and villages but not cities. See districts of Japan
Japan
for more complete description. In 1923, its administrative role was abolished although it is still in use for addressing purposes. "District" is also a translation of chiku, defined by Japan's planning law.[citation needed]  Kenya[edit] In Kenya, a district (wilayah) is a subdivision of a Province and is headed by a District Officer
District Officer
(DO). South Korea[edit] Main article: Subdivisions of South Korea A district (gu) is a subdivision of larger cities in South Korea. Smaller cities have no districts, whereas districts in Seoul
Seoul
and six Metropolitan Cities are treated as a city in its own right. Mauritius[edit] Main article: Districts of Mauritius The Districts of the Republic of Mauritius
Mauritius
are the second-order administrative divisions after the Outer islands of the country. Mauritius
Mauritius
is divided into nine districts which consist of 2 cities, 4 towns and 130 villages, the capital is Port Louis. The island of Rodrigues
Rodrigues
used to be the tenth district of Mauritius
Mauritius
but it gained autonomous status in 2002.  Malaysia[edit] Main article: Districts of Malaysia A district is known as Daerah in Malay. A district governed directly by the federal government is known as a Federal Territory, and they are Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, and Labuan. In Peninsular Malaysia, a district is a division of a state. A mukim is a subdivision of a district. The mukim is however of less importance with respect to the administration of local government. In East Malaysia, a district is a subdivision within a division of a state. For example, Tuaran
Tuaran
is a district within the West Coast Division of Sabah. A district is usually named after the main town or its administrative capital, for example, Sandakan
Sandakan
town is the capital of the district of Sandakan, as well the capital of Sandakan
Sandakan
Division. (Note: Sandakan
Sandakan
district is a sub-division of Sandakan
Sandakan
Division.) In Malaysia, each district will have a District
District
Office, headed by a district officer, and is administered by a local government either being a District
District
Council, Municipal Council, or a City
City
Council. In some highly urbanized districts, there may be further subdivisions. For example, the district of Petaling
Petaling
in Selangor
Selangor
is administered by 3 local governments: Shah Alam City
City
Council, Petaling
Petaling
Jaya City
City
Council, and Subang Jaya Municipal Council. Another example is the district of Johor
Johor
Bahru in Johor, which has 3 subdivisions: Johor
Johor
Bahru City Council, Iskandar Puteri City
City
Council, and Pasir Gudang Municipal Council. Conversely, there may be one local government administering more than one district, for example, Seberang Perai Municipal Council administers the districts of Central Seberang Perai, North Seberang Perai, and South Seberang Perai. An administrative district border and an electoral district border (constituency) transcend each other and do not correspond with each other in most instances. Nauru[edit] The districts of Nauru
Nauru
are the only subdivisions of the whole state.    Nepal[edit] Main article: Districts of Nepal Nepal
Nepal
is divided into 77 districts. Each district acts as an independent administrative unit. A district consists of various smaller units like Village
Village
Development Committees (VDC) and Municipalities. Official documents like citizenship cards and passports are issued by the Chief of District
District
Office (CDO). Constituencies for elections are also constructed according to the population distribution within the district.The districts are divided into 75 for easy administration.  New Zealand[edit] Main article: Districts of New Zealand A district in New Zealand
New Zealand
is a territorial authority (second-tier local government unit) that has not gained the distinction of being proclaimed a city. Districts tend to be less urbanized, tend to cover more than one population center and a larger amount of rural area, and tend to have a smaller population than cities. While cities and districts are generally considered to be two different types of territorial authority, the area covered by a city is often known as its district—for example the term district plan is used equally in districts and cities. The Chatham Islands
Chatham Islands
Territory
Territory
is neither a district nor a city. A district is not always a simple division of a region: several districts lie within two regions, and the Taupo District
Taupo District
lies in four.  Northern Cyprus[edit] Main article: Districts of Northern Cyprus  Norway[edit] Main article: Districts of Norway  Pakistan[edit] Main article: Districts of Pakistan Pakistan's districts are local administrative units inherited from the British Raj. Districts were generally grouped into administrative divisions, which in turn formed provinces. Pakistan
Pakistan
has 130 districts (including ten in Azad Jammu and Kashmir). They comprise villages, towns and cities. A district is headed by a district nazim (mayor), who is an elected official and the local controller of the district level officers of all the departments under provincial government while Deputy Commissioner is executive head of the District
District
usually Grade-18 officer from Pakistan
Pakistan
Administrative Service.Deputy Commissioner is entrusted with overall responsibility of law & order, implementation of government schemes and is also authorised to hear revenue cases pertaining to the district. The district mayor(nazim) heads an elected district council composed of councilors, who represent various district-level constituencies. The councils have a constitutional requirement to be composed of a minimum of 33% women; there is no upper limit, so women can comprise 100% of these councils but men cannot. Peru[edit] Main article: Districts of Peru  Philippines[edit] The usage of the term 'district' (distrito) in the Philippines
Philippines
has similarities to that in the United States. Legislative[edit] National[edit] Main article: Legislative
Legislative
districts of the Philippines A constituency with a representative in the lower house of Congress is a congressional district. However, the term congressional district has become synonymous in local parlance with 'representative district,' because, just like in the US, the word 'congress' (konggreso) has come to refer specifically to the lower house (the House of Representatives). A legislative district, which has an average population of about 250,000 to 500,000, may be composed of: (a.) an entire province, (b.) within a province, a group of municipalities and cities (sometimes even including independent and highly urbanized cities geographically located in the province), (c.) a single city, (d.) a group of geographically adjacent independent cities and independent municipalities (currently the only example is the Pateros-Taguig, or (e.) a group of barangays within a city. Each province is guaranteed at least one representative to the lower house, even though it may not come close to having the same population as other legislative districts. Only voters within each district are allowed to vote in the election for the member of the House of Representatives from that district. From 1916 to 1935, the Philippines
Philippines
were divided into 12 senatorial districts, of which 11 elected two members each, for a total of 22 out of the 24 members of the upper house of Congress (the Senate). Since 1935 senators have been elected at large. Regional[edit] In addition, each congressional district that falls under the jurisdiction of the Autonomous Region
Region
in Muslim Mindanao (a total of 8) elects three members each to the country's only subnational legislative assembly. Provincial[edit] There are provincial districts for the purpose of electing Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Council) members, which follow the congressional district arrangement, except that independent and highly urbanized cities whose charters prevent them from electing provincial officials are excluded. Also, provinces that comprise a lone congressional district are divided into at least two provincial districts. City[edit] There are also city councilor districts for the purpose of electing Sangguniang Panlungsod
Sangguniang Panlungsod
( City
City
Council) members, which follow the congressional district arrangement. In cases where the city does not form two or more congressional districts by itself, it is divided into at least two city council districts. Administrative[edit] Current[edit] Districts exist as an administrative entity only in local government, with limited powers or responsibilities. Certain cities, such as Manila, Iloilo and Davao, for administrative purposes, formally divide their jurisdictions into city districts composed of several barangays, but the extent of these district-level administrative powers vary. Several barangays (the lowest level of government) also have the word 'district' in their names – examples are those in Jala-jala
Jala-jala
and Zamboanga City. However, this is solely for the purpose of nomenclature, and does not imply a higher level of local government. Historical[edit] During Spanish and early American colonial rule, certain areas of the Philippines
Philippines
were designated as 'districts,' mainly those that had not been formally organized into provinces or incorporated into existing ones. In the American era, cities and municipalities were divided into city and municipal districts, which served as the lowest level of government before the creation of the barangay. Special-purpose districts[edit] Special-purpose districts also exist in the Philippines, created for government departments and agencies. Examples are school districts for the Department of Education (DepEd), engineering districts for the Department of Public Works and Highways
Department of Public Works and Highways
(DPWH) and coast guard districts for the Philippine Coast Guard
Philippine Coast Guard
(PCG). Informal districts[edit] Some cities and municipalities also extend the usage of the word 'district' to refer to certain areas, even without having any formal administrative purposes. Examples are the central business districts in Naga City
City
and Makati City.  Poland[edit] Main article: powiat The second-level unit of local government and administration in Poland, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (LAU-1) in other countries is called a powiat. As of 2008 there are 379 powiat-level entities in Poland: 314 land counties and 65 city counties. For a complete alphabetical listing, see list of counties in Poland.  Portugal[edit] Main article: Districts of Portugal Districts (distritos) are administrative divisions of Portugal. They were mainly used as the jurisdiction areas for the civil governors, the government officials that represented locally the Central Government. However, in 2011, the role of civil governor was de facto extinct (although not de jure), with the decision taken by the Government not to appoint new civil governors and to transfer its functions to other bodies. The district areas are now only used as the regional jurisdiction areas of some public bodies (like the Public Security Police district commands) and some private entities (like the district associations and championships of football).  Russia[edit] Main articles: Raion and Okrug In Russia, districts are administrative and municipal divisions of the federal subjects, as well as administrative divisions of larger cities ("city districts") which are commonly referenced as raions (Russian: Районы) and okrugs (Russian: Округи) respectively. The term "district" is also used to refer to the type of administrative division of the Sakha Republic—ulus (Russian: улус; Sakha: улуус). The Sakha Republic
Sakha Republic
is administratively divided into five cities under the Republic's jurisdiction and 33 uluses. The law of the Sakha Republic
Sakha Republic
establishes that the terms "ulus" and "district" are equivalent.[5] In historical context (for the Russian Empire), the term "district" is often used to refer to uyezds.  Serbia[edit] Main article: Districts of Serbia Serbia
Serbia
is divided into twenty-nine districts (okrug) and the city of Belgrade, each of which is further divided into municipalities (opština) Slovakia[edit] Main article: Districts of Slovakia In Slovakia, a district (okres) is a local administrative unit.  South Africa[edit]

Districts of South Africa

Main article: Districts of South Africa In South Africa, the district municipality forms the layer of government below the provinces. A district municipality is in turn divided into several local municipalities. This structure varies in the eight largest urban areas:

Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein
(seat of the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality), Cape Town
Cape Town
( City
City
of Cape Town
Cape Town
Metropolitan Municipality), Durban
Durban
(seat of the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality), East London / King Williams Town
King Williams Town
(seat of the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality), East Rand
East Rand
(seat of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality), Johannesburg
Johannesburg
( City
City
of Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Metropolitan Municipality), Port Elizabeth
Port Elizabeth
incl. Uitenhage
Uitenhage
(seat of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality) and Pretoria
Pretoria
(seat of the City
City
of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality),

where a metropolitan municipality replaces both a district and a local municipality.  Sri Lanka[edit] Main article: Districts of Sri Lanka For purposes of local government, the country of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
is divided into nine provinces: Western, Central, Southern, Northern, Eastern, North Western, North Central, Uva and Sabaragamuwa. (The Northern and Eastern Provinces have however, technically been jointly administered since 1988.) Each of the districts is divided into divisions. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'. Rural D.S. Divisions are also administered by a 'Pradeshiya Sabha' (Sinhala for ' Regional
Regional
Council'), which is elected.  Sweden[edit] Main article: Districts of Sweden Some municipalities in the Kingdom of Sweden
Sweden
have divided their territory into smaller areas, which often are assigned an administrative board responsible for certain elements of municipal governance within their district. These areas take a variety of different Swedish names; however "district" is usually the official English term for them. The term "borough" is sometimes used in unofficial contexts. Switzerland[edit] Main article: Districts of Switzerland In Switzerland, some cantons organize themselves into districts, while others dispense with districts and govern themselves at the Wahlkreise (constituency or electoral district) level. Thailand[edit] A district ("amphoe") is a subdivision of a province ("changwat") in Thailand. Some provinces also contain minor districts ("กิ่งอำเภอ")(th:กิ่งอำเภอ), which are smaller than the average district.  Turkey[edit] In Turkey, a district (Turkish: ilçe) is an administrative subdivision of a province (Turkish: il). See also Districts of Turkey. Uganda[edit] Main article: Districts of Uganda  United Kingdom[edit] England[edit] Main article: Districts of England Districts are the most recognizable form of local government in large parts of England. For those areas that retain two-tier local government, districts usually form the lower tier of that arrangement, with counties forming the upper tier. Districts tend to have responsibility for a number of areas including:

Tax
Tax
collection (council tax and non-domestic rates) Leisure
Leisure
Services Refuse collection Housing Planning Arts & Entertainment Environmental Health

Each district raises taxes from residents on behalf of itself, and the upper tier authority through the Council Tax. It also raises income from business through the Non-Domestic Rates system, which is coordinated nationally. Wales[edit] There is no official use of the word district in Wales. The country is broken up into 22 unitary authorities. However, district may be used informally for a whole or unofficial part of a ward in a city. Scotland[edit] Main article: Districts of Scotland Districts of Scotland
Scotland
were local government areas between 1975 and 1996. Between 1930 and 1975 districts were subdivisions of counties, formed under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929. See List of local government areas in Scotland
Scotland
1930–75. Scotland, since 1996, has been divided in 32 unitary council areas and districts are no longer used. Scotland
Scotland
has had other kinds of administrative areas which might be described as districts:

Shires of Scotland, until 1975 Subdivisions of Scotland, councils or unitary authorities, from 1996, pursuant to the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 Committee areas, from 1996, within larger unitary authorities

Main article: Subdivisions of Scotland Northern Ireland[edit] Main article: Districts of Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes. The councils do not carry out the same range of functions as those in the rest of the United Kingdom; for example they have no responsibility for education, road-building or housing (although they do nominate members to the advisory Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Housing Council). Their functions do include waste and recycling services, leisure and community services, building control and local economic and cultural development. They are not planning authorities, but are consulted on some planning applications. Collection of rates (local tax) is handled by the Rate Collection Agency. Ukraine[edit] Main article: Raions of Ukraine In Ukraine, districts (raions) second level of administrative division of Ukraine
Ukraine
and are primary the most common division of Ukrainian regions, as well as administrative divisions of larger cities ("city districts").  United States[edit]

This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions. (January 2017)

Satellite photograph of the District
District
of Columbia.

See also: District
District
of Alaska There are several types of districts in the United States. A constituency with a representative in Congress is a congressional district. Each state is organized into one or more such districts; the exact number within each state is based on the most recent census. Only voters within each district are allowed to vote in the election for the member of the House of Representatives from that district. Overall, there are 435 congressional districts in the United States; each has roughly 630,000 people, with some variance. A constituency with a representative in a state legislature is a legislative district; the territory over which a federal court has jurisdiction is a federal judicial district. The District
District
of Columbia is the only part of the United States, excluding territories, that is not located within any of the fifty states. The United States
United States
also has many types of special-purpose districts with limited powers of local government. School districts are the most common, but other types of districts include community college districts, hospital districts, utility districts, irrigation districts, port districts, and public transit districts. Many cities in the late 20th century adopted names for non-governmental districts as a way of increasing recognition and identity of these distinct areas and neighborhoods. Perhaps most apparently in Los Angeles, various areas and neighborhoods within the city are specified as districts. For instance, Hollywood
Hollywood
is a district of Los Angeles, whereas Beverly Hills
Beverly Hills
and West Hollywood
Hollywood
are independent incorporated cities, with their own governments and police departments. This can be confusing, as the difference between districts and neighboring cities is usually not readily apparent, for they all make up the greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
area. Typically, districts may or may not be distinguished at the boundary of the district with a "district sign" with the city's insignia; whereas at a city boundary, a city limit sign would usually be placed on the street with the city's name and population, at a minimum, but also often includes its elevation. The important distinction is that areas classified as districts are still part of the parent city and governed by the laws and ordinances of that city. Various federal, regional and local agencies such as the National Register of Historic Places recognize historic districts. Prior to the Act of Consolidation in 1854, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania had some districts acting like cities or towns.  Vietnam[edit] Main article: Districts of Vietnam The term district in Vietnam
Vietnam
refers to the second level administrative unit, below provinces (tỉnh) and centrally administered cities (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương). This second level unit is called a "huyện" in rural areas, while in urban areas districts are either "quận" (sub-divisions of centrally administered cities), "Thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh" (provincial cities) or "thị xã" (towns). As of 28 November 2011, Vietnam
Vietnam
had 698 "districts" including 55 provincial cities, 47 towns, 47 urban sub-divisions, and 549 rural districts (including 12 island districts).[6] Vietnamese districts vary significantly in both population and area. Excluding the island districts, the most populous is Biên Hoà (provincial city) with 784,398 people; the least populous is the town of Mường Lay (11,650). Similarly, the largest district is Mường Tè (3,677.4 km²) while the smallest is District
District
("Quận") 4 of Hồ Chí Minh City
City
with an area of only 4.18 km².[6] See also[edit]

Municipality

References[edit]

^ "Types of Municipalities in Alberta". Alberta
Alberta
Municipal Affairs. Retrieved July 28, 2013.  ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2012" (PDF). Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2013.  ^ Careless, James Maurice Stockford. " Province of Canada
Canada
1841-67". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2017-04-27.  ^ list of districts of India
India
by states ^ Law Z#77-I of 6 July 1995 "On Administrative and Territorial Structure of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic", with amendments ^ a b vi:Huyện (Việt Nam)

v t e

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1

Area

Insular area Local government
Local government
area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area

Canton

Half-canton

Borough

County
County
borough Metropolitan borough

Capital

Federal capital Imperial capital

City

City
City
state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city

Community

Autonomous community Residential community

County

Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county

Non-metropolitan

Viscountcy

Country

Overseas country

Department

Overseas department

District

Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police district Regional
Regional
district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district

Division

Census division Police division Subdivision

Municipality

City
City
municipality County
County
municipality

Norway Nova Scotia Regional
Regional
county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional
Regional
municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality

Prefecture

Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture

Province

Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province

Region

Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion

Reserve

Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve

State

Federal state Free state Sovereign state

Territory

Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory

Town

Census town Market town

Township

Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township

Unit

Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional
Regional
unit

Zone

Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms

Current

Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner

Autonomous

Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor

Royal

Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector

Autonomous

Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer

Ward

Historical

Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords

Current

Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast

Autonomous

Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine

Historical

Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

v t e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

v t e

French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

v t e

Greek terms for country subdivisions

Modern

apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§

Historical

archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

v t e

Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional
Regional
subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição

Settlements

Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Slavic terms for country subdivisions

Current

dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija

Historical

darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

v t e

Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

Modern

il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

Historical

ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative di

.