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Bobcat
Felis
Felis
rufus Schreber The BOBCAT ( Lynx rufus) is a North American cat that appeared during the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years ago (AEO ). Containing 12 recognized subspecies , it ranges from southern Canada to central Mexico
Mexico
, including most of the contiguous United States . The bobcat is an adaptable predator that inhabits wooded areas, as well as semidesert, urban edge, forest edge, and swampland environments. It remains in some of its original range, but populations are vulnerable to local extinction ("extirpation") by coyotes and domestic animals. With a gray to brown coat, whiskered face, and black-tufted ears, the bobcat resembles the other species of the midsized Lynx genus. It is smaller on average than the Canada
Canada
lynx , with which it shares parts of its range, but is about twice as large as the domestic cat
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Chicken
The CHICKEN (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl , a subspecies of the red junglefowl . It is one of the most common and widespread domestic animals , with a total population of more than 19 billion as of 2011. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food, consuming both their meat and their eggs . Genetic studies have pointed to multiple maternal origins in Southeast Asia, East Asia, and South Asia, but with the clade found in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Africa originating in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. From India, the domesticated chicken was imported to Lydia
Lydia
in western Asia Minor , and to Greece by the fifth century BC
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Goose
Distant geese honking (help ·info ) SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anserinae Tribe: ANSERINI GENERA Anser Branta Chen and see text GEESE are waterfowl belonging to the tribe ANSERINI of the family Anatidae
Anatidae
. This tribe comprises the genera Anser (the grey geese), Branta (the black geese) and Chen (the white geese). Some other birds, mostly related to the shelducks , have "goose" as part of their names. More distantly related members of the family Anatidae
Anatidae
are swans , most of which are larger than true geese, and ducks , which are smaller
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Bird
BIRDS (AVES) are a group of endothermic vertebrates , characterised by feathers , toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart , and a strong yet lightweight skeleton . Birds live worldwide and range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) bee hummingbird to the 2.75 m (9 ft) ostrich . They rank as the class of tetrapods with the most living species, at approximately ten thousand, with more than half of these being passerines , sometimes known as perching birds. Birds are the closest living relatives of crocodilians . Birds are descendants of extinct dinosaurs with feathers , making them the only surviving dinosaurs according to cladistics
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Rodent
Anomaluromorpha Castorimorpha Hystricomorpha
Hystricomorpha
(inc. Caviomorpha
Caviomorpha
) Myomorpha Sciuromorpha
Sciuromorpha
Combined range of all rodent species (not including introduced populations)RODENTS (from Latin
Latin
rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order RODENTIA, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws . About 40% of all mammal species are rodents; they are found in vast numbers on all continents except Antarctica
Antarctica
. They are the most diversified mammalian order and live in a variety of terrestrial habitats , including human-made environments
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Insect
See text . INSECTS (from Latin
Latin
insectum, a calque of Greek ἔντομον , "cut into sections") are by far the largest class (INSECTA) of hexapod invertebrates within the arthropod phylum ; they have a chitinous exoskeleton , a three-part body (head , thorax and abdomen ), three pairs of jointed legs , compound eyes and one pair of antennae . They are the most diverse group of animals on the planet, including more than a million described species and representing more than half of all known living organisms . The number of extant species is estimated at between six and ten million, and potentially represent over 90% of the differing animal life forms on Earth. Insects may be found in nearly all environments , although only a small number of species reside in the oceans, a habitat dominated by another arthropod group, crustaceans . The life cycles of insects vary but most hatch from eggs
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Hare
See text HARES and JACKRABBITS are leporids belonging to the genus Lepus. Hares are classified into the same family as rabbits . They are similar in size and form to rabbits and eat the same diet. They are generally herbivorous and long-eared, they are fast runners, and they typically live solitarily or in pairs. Hare
Hare
species are native to Africa
Africa
, Eurasia , North America
North America
, and the Japanese archipelago . Five leporid species with "hare" in their common names are not considered true hares: the hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus), and four species known as red rock hares (comprising Pronolagus). Meanwhile, jackrabbits are hares rather than rabbits. A hare less than one year old is called a LEVERET. The collective noun for a group of hares is a "drove"
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Contiguous United States
The CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. (federal district ), on the continent of North America . The term excludes the non-contiguous states of Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii
Hawaii
and all off-shore United States
United States
territories and possessions , which are American Samoa
American Samoa
, Guam , the Northern Mariana Islands , Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
, and the U.S. Virgin Islands . The greatest distance (on a great circle route) entirely within the 48 contiguous states is 2,802 miles (4,509 km, between Florida
Florida
and the state of Washington ); the greatest north-south line is 1,650 miles (2,660 km)
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Predator
In an ecosystem, PREDATION is a biological interaction where a PREDATOR (an organism that is hunting) feeds on its PREY (the organism that is attacked). Predators may or may not kill their prey prior to feeding on it, but the act of predation often results in the death of the prey and the eventual absorption of the prey's tissue through digestion. It could also constitute a chase, stalking, or attack of prey. Thus predation is often, though not always, carnivory . Other categories of consumption are herbivory (eating parts of plants), fungivory (eating parts of fungi), and detritivory (the consumption of dead organic material). All of these are consumer-resource systems . It can often be difficult to separate various types of feeding behaviors . For example, some parasites prey on their host and then lay their eggs on it, for their offspring to feed on it while it continues to live, or on its decaying corpse after it has died
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Rabbit
RABBITS are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha , found in several parts of the world. There are eight different genera in the family classified as rabbits, including the European rabbit
European rabbit
(Oryctolagus cuniculus), cottontail rabbits (genus Sylvilagus; 13 species ), and the Amami rabbit ( Pentalagus furnessi, an endangered species on Amami Ōshima , Japan
Japan
). There are many other species of rabbit, and these, along with pikas and hares , make up the order Lagomorpha. The male is called a buck and the female is a doe; a young rabbit is a kitten or kit
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Deer
Capreolinae Cervinae Hydropotinae Combined native range of all species of deerDEER (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family CERVIDAE. The two main groups are the Cervinae , including the muntjac , the fallow deer and the chital , and the Capreolinae , including the elk , reindeer (caribou), the Western roe deer , and the Eurasian elk (moose) . Female reindeer, and male deer of all species (except the Chinese water deer ), grow and shed new antlers each year. In this they differ from permanently horned antelope , which are in the same order, Artiodactyla
Artiodactyla
. The musk deer of Asia and water chevrotain (or mouse deer) of tropical African and Asian forests are not usually regarded as true deer and form their own families: Moschidae and Tragulidae , respectively
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Habitat
A HABITAT is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal , plant , or other type of organism . The term typically refers to the zone in which the organism lives and where it can find food, shelter, protection and mates for reproduction. It is the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds a species population . A habitat is made up of physical factors such as soil , moisture , range of temperature , and light intensity as well as biotic factors such as the availability of food and the presence or absence of predators . Every organism has certain habitat needs for the conditions in which it will thrive, but some are tolerant of wide variations while others are very specific in their requirements
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Mya (unit)
A YEAR is the orbital period of the Earth
Earth
moving in its orbit around the Sun
Sun
. Due to the Earth's axial tilt , the course of a year sees the passing of the seasons , marked by changes in weather , the hours of daylight , and, consequently, vegetation and soil fertility . In temperate and subpolar regions around the globe, four seasons are generally recognized: spring , summer , autumn and winter . In tropical and subtropical regions several geographical sectors do not present defined seasons; but in the seasonal tropics , the annual wet and dry seasons are recognized and tracked. A calendar year is an approximation of the number of days of the Earth's orbital period as counted in a given calendar . The Gregorian, or modern, calendar , presents its calendar year to be either a common year of 365 days or a leap year of 366 days, as do the Julian calendars ; see below
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Bering Land Bridge
BERINGIA is defined today as the land and maritime area bounded on the west by the Lena River
Lena River
in Russia
Russia
; on the east by the Mackenzie River in Canada
Canada
; on the north by 72 degrees north latitude in the Chukchi Sea ; and on the south by the tip of the Kamchatka Peninsula
Kamchatka Peninsula
. It includes the Chukchi Sea , the Bering Sea , the Bering Strait
Bering Strait
, the Chukchi and Kamchatka Peninsulas in Russia
Russia
as well as Alaska
Alaska
in the United States
United States
. The area includes land lying on the North American Plate and Siberian land east of the Chersky Range
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Pleistocene
The PLEISTOCENE ( /ˈplaɪstəˌsiːn, -toʊ-/ , often colloquially referred to as the ICE AGE) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations . The end of the Pleistocene corresponds with the end of the last glacial period and also with the end of the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
age used in archaeology . The Pleistocene
Pleistocene
is the first epoch of the Quaternary Period or sixth epoch of the Cenozoic Era . In the ICS timescale, the Pleistocene
Pleistocene
is divided into four stages or ages , the Gelasian , Calabrian , Ionian and Tarantian . All of these stages were defined in southern Europe . In addition to this international subdivision, various regional subdivisions are often used
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