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Blues rock is a fusion
music genre A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time to produce a composition through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the universal ...
that combines elements of
blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African-American work songs, and Spiritual (music), spirituals. Blues ...
and
rock music Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s, developing into a range of different styles in the mid-1960s and later, particularly in the United States and ...
. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock (electric guitar, electric bass guitar, and drums, sometimes with keyboards and harmonica). From its beginnings in the early to mid-1960s, blues rock has gone through several stylistic shifts and along the way it inspired and influenced
hard rock Hard rock or heavy rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s, developing into a range of different st ...

hard rock
,
Southern rock Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s, developing into a range of different styles in the mid-1960s and ...
, and early
heavy metal Heavy metal may refer to: *Heavy metals, a loose category of relatively dense metals and metalloids **Toxic heavy metal, any heavy metal chemical element of environmental concern *Heavy metal music, a genre of rock music **Heavy metal genres *Hea ...
. Blues rock started with rock musicians in the United Kingdom and the United States performing American blues songs. They typically recreated electric Chicago blues songs, such as those by
Willie Dixon William James Dixon (July 1, 1915January 29, 1992) was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era ...

Willie Dixon
,
Muddy Waters McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1913April 30, 1983), known professionally as Muddy Waters, was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African ...

Muddy Waters
, and
Jimmy Reed Mathis James Reed (September 6, 1925 – August 29, 1976) was an American blues musician and songwriter. His particular style of electric blues was popular with blues as well as non-blues audiences. Reed's songs such as "Honest I Do" (1957), "Bab ...
, at faster tempos and with a more aggressive sound common to rock. In the UK, the style was popularized by groups such as
the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Active for almost six decades, they are one of the most popular and enduring bands of the rock era. In the early 1960s, the Rolling Stones pioneered the gritty ...

the Rolling Stones
,
the Yardbirds The Yardbirds are an English rock band, formed in London in 1963. The band's core lineup featured vocalist and harmonica player Keith Relf, drummer Jim McCarty, rhythm guitarist/bassist Chris Dreja and bassist/producer Paul Samwell-Smith. ...
, and
the Animals The Animals were an English rhythm and blues Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describ ...
, who put several blues songs into the pop charts. In the US,
Lonnie Mack Lonnie McIntosh (July 18, 1941 – April 21, 2016), known as Lonnie Mack, was an American singer-guitarist. He performed and recorded in several popular genres, and is recognized as a pioneer of blues-rock music and rock guitar melodic soloing. ...
, the
Paul Butterfield Blues Band Paul Vaughn Butterfield (December 17, 1942May 4, 1987) was an American blues harmonica player, singer and band leader. After early training as a classical flautist, he developed an interest in blues harmonica. He explored the blues scene in his na ...
, and
Canned Heat Canned Heat is an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African-American work songs, and ...
were among the earliest exponents. These bands also "attempted to play long, involved improvisations which were commonplace on jazz records". In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the style became more hard rock-oriented. In the US,
Johnny Winter John Dawson "Johnny" Winter III (February 23, 1944 – July 16, 2014) was an American singer and guitarist. Winter was known for his high-energy blues rock Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music. It i ...

Johnny Winter
,
the Allman Brothers Band The Allman Brothers Band were an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and is the List of United States cities by area, largest city by area in the contiguous United States as of ...
, and
ZZ Top ZZ Top is an American rock band formed in 1969 in Houston, Texas Houston ( ) is the List of cities in Texas by population, most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas, List of United States cities by population, fourth-most populous city ...

ZZ Top
represented a hard rock trend, while
Ten Years After Ten Years After are a British blues rock Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock: electric guit ...
,
Savoy Brown Savoy Brown (Originally Savoy Brown Blues Band) are an English blues rock Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electri ...
, and
Foghat Foghat is an American-based English rock band formed in London in 1971. The band is known for the use of electric slide guitar Slide guitar is a technique for playing the guitar The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that typically ...

Foghat
in the UK pursued a heavier sound. In the 1980s, more traditional blues styles influenced blues rock, which continues into the 2000s, with more of a return to basics. Along with hard rock, blues rock songs became the core of the music played on
album-oriented rock Album-oriented rock (AOR, originally called album-oriented radio), is an FM radio format created in the United States in the 1970s that focused on the full repertoire of rock albums and is currently associated with classic rock. Originally, a ...
radio in the United States, and later the
classic rock Classic rock is a US radio format which developed from the album-oriented rock (AOR) format in the early 1980s. In the United States, the classic rock format comprises rock music ranging generally from the mid-1960s through the mid 1990s, primari ...
format established there during the 1980s.


Characteristics

Blues rock can be characterized by bluesy
improvisation Improvisation is the activity of making or doing something not planned beforehand, using whatever can be found. Improvisation in the performing arts is a very spontaneous performance without specific or scripted preparation. The skills of impro ...

improvisation
, extended
boogie Boogie is a repetition (music), repetitive, swung note, swung note or shuffle rhythm,Burrows, Terry (1995). ''Play Country Guitar'', p.42. Dorling Kindersley Limited, London. . groove (music), "groove" or pattern used in blues which was originall ...
jams typically focused on electric guitar solos, and often a heavier,
riff A riff is a repeated chord progression In a musical composition File:Chord chart.svg, 250px, Jazz and rock genre musicians may memorize the melodies for a new song, which means that they only need to provide a chord chart to guide improvisi ...

riff
-oriented sound and feel to the songs than found in typical Chicago-style blues. Blues rock bands "borrow dthe idea of an instrumental combo and loud amplification from rock & roll". It is also often played at a fast tempo, again distinguishing it from the blues. Blues rock songs often follow typical blues structures, such as
twelve-bar blues in red. The twelve-bar blues (or blues changes) is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music. The blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 18 ...
,
sixteen-bar blues The sixteen-bar blues can be a variation on the standard twelve-bar blues or on the less common eight-bar blues. Sixteen-bar blues is also used commonly in ragtime music. Adaptation from twelve-bar progression Most sixteen bar blues are adapted f ...
, etc. They also use the I-- V progression, though there are exceptions, some pieces having a "B" section, while others remain on the I.
The Allman Brothers Band The Allman Brothers Band were an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and is the List of United States cities by area, largest city by area in the contiguous United States as of ...
's version of "
Stormy Monday "Call It Stormy Monday (But Tuesday Is Just as Bad)" (commonly referred to as "Stormy Monday") is a song written and recorded by American blues electric guitar pioneer T-Bone Walker. It is a slow twelve-bar blues performed in the West Coast blue ...
", which uses
chord substitution In music theory, chord substitution is the technique of using a chord (music), chord in place of another in a progression of chords, or a chord progression. Much of the European classical repertoire and the vast majority of blues, jazz and rock m ...
s based on
Bobby "Blue" Bland Robert Calvin Bland (born Robert Calvin Brooks; January 27, 1930 – June 23, 2013), known professionally as Bobby "Blue" Bland, was an American blues singer. Bland developed a sound that mixed Gospel music, gospel with the blues and Rhythm ...
's 1961 rendition, adds a solo section where "the rhythm shifts effortlessly into an uptempo 6/8-time jazz feel". The key is usually
major Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world. Background When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to ...
, but can also be
minor Minor may refer to: * Minor (law), a person under the age of certain legal activities. ** A person who has not reached the age of majority * Academic minor, a secondary field of study in undergraduate education Music theory *Minor chord ** Barbe ...
, such as in "
Black Magic Woman "Black Magic Woman" is a song written by British musician Peter Green, which first appeared as a Fleetwood Mac single in various countries in 1968. Subsequently, the song appeared on the 1969 Fleetwood Mac compilation albums '' English Rose'' ...
". One notable difference is the frequent use of a straight eighth-note or rock rhythm instead of
triplets A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring. A term most applicable to vertebrate species, multiple births occur in most kinds of mammals, with varying frequencies. Such births a ...
usually found in blues. An example is
Cream Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-fat layer skimmed from the top of milk Milk is a nutrient-rich liquid food produced by the mammary gland A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in humans and other mammals that produces m ...
's " Crossroads". Although it was adapted from
Robert Johnson Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911August 16, 1938) was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era s ...
's "
Cross Road Blues "Cross Road Blues" (also known as "Crossroads") is a blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African- ...
", the bass "combines with drums to create and continually emphasize continuity in the regular metric drive".


1960s–1970s

Rock uses driving rhythms and
electric guitar An electric guitar is a guitar The guitar is a fret (in the background, coloured white) and first four frets A fret is a space between two fretbars on the neck (music), neck of a stringed instrument. Frets usually extend across the ful ...
techniques such as
distortion Distortion is the alteration of the original shape (or other characteristic) of something. In communications Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing meaning among entities or groups through t ...
and
power chord A power chord (also fifth chord) is a colloquial name for a chord in guitar music, especially electric guitar An electric guitar is a guitar The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that typically has six string instrument, stri ...
s already used by 1950s blues guitarists, particularly
Memphis blues The Memphis blues is a style of blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African-American work songs ...
men such as
Joe Hill Louis Joe Hill Louis (September 23, 1921 – August 5, 1957), born Lester Hill, was an American singing, singer, guitarist, harmonica player and one-man band. He was one of a small number of one-man blues bands (along with fellow Memphis, Tennessee, Mem ...
, Willie Johnson and
Pat Hare Auburn "Pat" Hare (December 20, 1930 – September 26, 1980) was a Memphis electric blues Electric blues refers to any type of blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around ...
. Characteristics that blues rock adopted from
electric blues Electric blues refers to any type of blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African-American work so ...
include its dense texture, basic blues band instrumentation, rough declamatory vocal style, heavy guitar
riff A riff is a repeated chord progression In a musical composition File:Chord chart.svg, 250px, Jazz and rock genre musicians may memorize the melodies for a new song, which means that they only need to provide a chord chart to guide improvisi ...

riff
s, string-bending blues-scale guitar solos, strong beat, thick riff-laden texture, and posturing performances. Precursors to blues rock included the Chicago blues musicians
Elmore James Elmore James (January 27, 1918 – May 24, 1963) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and bandleader. He was known as "King of the Slide Guitar" and was noted for his use of loud amplification and his stirring voice. For his contri ...
,
Albert King Albert Nelson (April 25, 1923 – December 21, 1992), known by his stage name Albert King, was an American blues guitarist and singer whose playing influenced many other blues guitarists. He is perhaps best known for the popular and influen ...

Albert King
, and
Freddie King Freddie King (September 3, 1934December 28, 1976) was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era so ...
, who began incorporating rock and roll elements into their blues music during the late 1950s to early 1960s. 1963 marked the appearance of American rock guitar soloist
Lonnie Mack Lonnie McIntosh (July 18, 1941 – April 21, 2016), known as Lonnie Mack, was an American singer-guitarist. He performed and recorded in several popular genres, and is recognized as a pioneer of blues-rock music and rock guitar melodic soloing. ...
, whose idiosyncratic, fast-paced electric blues guitar style came to be identified with the advent of blues rock as a distinct genre. His instrumentals from that period were recognizable as blues or
rhythm and blues Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban Afri ...
tunes, but he relied heavily upon fast-picking techniques derived from traditional American
country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship. A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a n ...
and bluegrass genres. The best-known of these are the 1963 ''Billboard'' hit singles "
Memphis Memphis is the name of: *Memphis, Egypt , alternate_name = , image = , alt = , caption = Ruins of the pillared hall of Ramesses IIat Mit Rahina , map_type = Egypt , map_alt = , map_size = , reli ...
" and "Wham!". Around the same time, the
Paul Butterfield Blues Band Paul Vaughn Butterfield (December 17, 1942May 4, 1987) was an American blues harmonica player, singer and band leader. After early training as a classical flautist, he developed an interest in blues harmonica. He explored the blues scene in his na ...
was formed. Fronted by
blues harp The Richter-tuned harmonica, or 10-hole harmonica (in Asia) or blues harp (in America), is the most widely known type of harmonica. It is a variety of diatonic harmonica, with ten holes which offer the player 19 notes (10 holes times a draw and ...
player and singer Paul Butterfield, it included two members from Howlin' Wolf's touring band, bassist
Jerome Arnold Jerome Arnold (born Romeo Maurice Arnold; November 12, 1936, Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footno ...
and drummer
Sam Lay Sam Lay (born March 20, 1935, Birmingham, Alabama) is an United States, American drummer and vocalist who has been performing since the late 1950s. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2015. Life and career Lay began his career ...
, and later two electric guitarists,
Mike Bloomfield Michael Bernard Bloomfield (July 28, 1943 – February 15, 1981) was an American guitarist and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of C ...
and
Elvin Bishop Elvin Richard Bishop (born October 21, 1942) is an American blues and rock music singer, guitarist, bandleader, and songwriter. An original member of the Paul Butterfield, Paul Butterfield Blues Band, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall o ...
. In 1965, its debut album, ''
The Paul Butterfield Blues Band Paul Vaughn Butterfield (December 17, 1942May 4, 1987) was an American blues harmonica player, singer and band leader. After early training as a classical flautist, he developed an interest in blues harmonica. He explored the blues scene in his na ...
'' was released.
AllMusic AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an American online music database. It catalogs more than three million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musicians and Musical ensemble, bands. Initiated in ...
's
Michael Erlewine John Michael Erlewine (; born July 18, 1941) is an American musician, astrologer, photographer, TV host, publisher and Internet entrepreneur who founded the music online database site AllMusic AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide ...
commented, "Used to hearing blues covered by groups like the Rolling Stones, that first album had an enormous impact on young (and primarily White) rock players." The second album ''
East WestEast West (or East and West) may refer to: *East–West dichotomy, the contrast between Eastern and Western society or culture In arts and entertainment Books, journals and magazines *''East, West'', an anthology of short stories written by Salm ...
'' (1966) introduced extended soloing – the 13 minute instrumental title track included jazz and Indian
raga A ''raga'' or ''raag'' ( IAST: rāga; also ''raaga'' or ''ragam''; literally "coloring, tingeing, dyeing") is a melodic framework for improvisation akin to a melodic mode in Indian classical music Indian classical music is the classical ...

raga
influences – that served as a model for
psychedelic Psychedelics are a subset of hallucinogenic drugs whose primary effect is to trigger non-ordinary states of consciousness (known as psychedelic experience A psychedelic experience (known colloquially as a trip) is a temporary altered state ...
and
acid rock Acid rock is a loosely defined type of rock music Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s, developing into a range of different styles in the mid ...
. In 1965, avid blues collectors
Bob Hite Robert Ernest Hite (February 26, 1943 – April 5, 1981) was the co-lead vocalist of the United States, American blues-rock musical ensemble, band Canned Heat, from 1965 to his death in 1981. His nickname was "The Bear", and he was recognized ...
and Alan Wilson formed
Canned Heat Canned Heat is an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African-American work songs, and ...
. Their early recordings focused heavily on electric versions of
Delta blues Delta blues is one of the earliest-known styles of blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, Africa ...
songs, but soon began exploring long
musical improvisation Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous r ...
s (" jams") built around
John Lee Hooker John Lee Hooker (August 22, 1912 or 1917 – June 21, 2001) was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plan ...

John Lee Hooker
songs. Other popular mid-1960s groups, such as
the Doors The Doors were an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1965, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Robby Krieger, and drummer John Densmore. They were among the most controversial and influential rock acts of the ...
and
Big Brother and the Holding Company Big Brother and the Holding Company is an American Rock music, rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the same psychedelic rock, psychedelic San Francisco Sound, music scene that produced the Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger ...
with
Janis Joplin Janis Joplin (January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) was an American singer-songwriter who sang rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. ...
, also adapted songs by blues artists to include elements of rock. Butterfield, Canned Heat, and Joplin performed at the
Monterey Monterey ( es, Monterrey; Ohlone: ') is a city located in Monterey County on the southern edge of Monterey Bay on the U.S. state of California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residen ...
(1967) and
Woodstock Woodstock was a music festival held August 15–18, 1969, on Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York, southwest of the town of Woodstock. Billed as "an Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace & Music" and alternatively referred to as t ...

Woodstock
(1969) festivals. In the UK, several musicians honed their skills in a handful of British blues bands, primarily those of
Cyril Davies Cyril Davies (23 January 1932 – 7 January 1964) was an English blues musician, and one of the first blues harmonica players in England. Biography Born at St Mildred's, 15 Hawthorn Drive, Willowbank, Denham, Buckinghamshire, Denham, Buckingham ...
and
Alexis Korner Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984), known professionally as Alexis Korner, was a British blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860 ...
. While the early
British rhythm and blues British rhythm and blues (or R&B) was a musical movement that developed in the United Kingdom between the late 1950s and the early 1960s, and reached a peak in the mid-1960s. It overlapped with, but was distinct from, the broader British beat an ...
groups, such as
the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Active for almost six decades, they are one of the most popular and enduring bands of the rock era. In the early 1960s, the Rolling Stones pioneered the gritty ...

the Rolling Stones
,
the Yardbirds The Yardbirds are an English rock band, formed in London in 1963. The band's core lineup featured vocalist and harmonica player Keith Relf, drummer Jim McCarty, rhythm guitarist/bassist Chris Dreja and bassist/producer Paul Samwell-Smith. ...
, and
the Animals The Animals were an English rhythm and blues Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describ ...
, incorporated American
R&B Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African ...
,
rock and roll Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll, rock 'n' roll, or rock 'n roll) is a genre of popular music that evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s.Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, ''What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Recor ...
, and
pop Pop or POP may refer to: Places * Gregorio Luperón International Airport (IATA code POP), Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic * Pop, a tributary of the river Jijia in eastern Romania * Poppleton railway station (station code), York, England People ...
,
John Mayall John Mayall, Order of the British Empire, OBE (born 29 November 1933) is an English blues singer, guitarist, organist and songwriter, whose musical career spans over sixty years. In the 1960s, he was the founder of John Mayall & the Bluesbrea ...

John Mayall
took a more distinctly
electric blues Electric blues refers to any type of blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African-American work so ...
approach. In 1966, he released ''
Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton ''Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton'', colloquially known as ''The Beano Album'', is a studio album by the English blues rock Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music. It is mostly an electric ensemble- ...
'', the first of several influential blues rock albums. When
Eric Clapton Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945) is an English Rock music, rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter. He is the only List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees#Multiple inductees, three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fam ...
left Mayall to form
Cream Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-fat layer skimmed from the top of milk Milk is a nutrient-rich liquid food produced by the mammary gland A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in humans and other mammals that produces m ...
, they created a hybrid style with blues, rock, and
jazz improvisation Jazz improvisation is the spontaneous invention of melodic solo lines or accompaniment parts in a performance of jazz Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, in the ...
, which was the most innovative to date. British band
Fleetwood Mac Fleetwood Mac are a British Rock music, rock band, formed in London in 1967. Fleetwood Mac were founded by guitarist Peter Green (musician), Peter Green, drummer Mick Fleetwood and guitarist Jeremy Spencer, before bassist John McVie joined the ...
initially played traditionally-oriented electric blues, but soon evolved. Their guitarist Peter Green, who was Clapton's replacement with Mayall, brought many innovations to their music. The electric guitar playing of
Jimi Hendrix James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942September 18, 1970) was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most ...

Jimi Hendrix
(a veteran of many American
rhythm and blues Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban Afri ...
and
soul In many religious, philosophical, and myth Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods, o ...

soul
groups from the early-mid-1960s) and his power trios,
the Jimi Hendrix Experience James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942September 18, 1970) was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most ...
and
Band of Gypsys ''Band of Gypsys'' is a live album by Jimi Hendrix and the first without his original group, the Jimi Hendrix Experience. It was recorded on January 1, 1970, at the Fillmore East in New York City with Billy Cox on bass and Buddy Miles on drums, f ...
, had a broad and lasting influence on the development of blues rock, especially for guitarists. Clapton continued to explore several musical styles and contributed to bringing blues rock into the mainstream. In the late 1960s,
Jeff Beck Geoffrey Arnold Beck (born 24 June 1944) is an English rock guitarist. He is one of the three noted guitarists to have played with the Yardbirds (the other two being Eric Clapton Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945) is an English Rock mu ...

Jeff Beck
, with his band the
Jeff Beck Group The Jeff Beck Group was a British rock band formed in London in January 1967 by former Yardbirds guitarist Jeff Beck. Their innovative approach to heavy-sounding blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the ...
, developed blues rock into a form of heavy rock.
Jimmy Page James Patrick Page (born 9 January 1944) is an English musician, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and record producer who achieved international success as the guitarist and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin. Page is prolific in creat ...
, who replaced Beck in the Yardbirds, followed suit with
Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin were an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1968. The group consisted of vocalist Robert Plant, guitarist Jimmy Page, bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones (musician), John Paul Jones, and drummer John Bonham. With a ...
and became a major force in the 1970s heavy metal scene. Other blues rock musicians in the 1970s include Dr. Feelgood,
Rory Gallagher William Rory Gallagher ( ; 2 March 1948 – 14 June 1995) was an Irish blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Planta ...

Rory Gallagher
and
Robin Trower Robin Leonard Trower (born 9 March 1945) is an English rock guitarist and vocalist who achieved success with Procol Harum throughout 1967–1971, and then again as the bandleader of his own power trio known as the Robin Trower Band. Biography ...
. Beginning in the early 1970s, American bands such as
Aerosmith Aerosmith is an American rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, ch ...
fused blues with a hard rock edge. Blues rock grew to include
Southern rock Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s, developing into a range of different styles in the mid-1960s and ...
bands, like
the Allman Brothers Band The Allman Brothers Band were an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and is the List of United States cities by area, largest city by area in the contiguous United States as of ...
,
ZZ Top ZZ Top is an American rock band formed in 1969 in Houston, Texas Houston ( ) is the List of cities in Texas by population, most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas, List of United States cities by population, fourth-most populous city ...

ZZ Top
and
Lynyrd Skynyrd Lynyrd Skynyrd ( ) is an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and is the List of United States cities by area, largest city by area in the contiguous United States as of 2020. ...

Lynyrd Skynyrd
, while the British scene, except for the advent of groups such as
Status Quo or is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regard to social or political issues. In the sociological Sociology is the study of society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved i ...
and
Foghat Foghat is an American-based English rock band formed in London in 1971. The band is known for the use of electric slide guitar Slide guitar is a technique for playing the guitar The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that typically ...

Foghat
, became focused on
heavy metal Heavy metal may refer to: *Heavy metals, a loose category of relatively dense metals and metalloids **Toxic heavy metal, any heavy metal chemical element of environmental concern *Heavy metal music, a genre of rock music **Heavy metal genres *Hea ...
innovation.


1980s–present

While blues rock and hard rock shared many similarities in the early 1970s, more traditional blues styles influenced blues rock in the 1980s, when
the Fabulous Thunderbirds The Fabulous Thunderbirds are an American blues rock Blues rock is a fusion music genre that combines elements of blues and rock music. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock: ele ...
and
Stevie Ray Vaughan Stephen Ray Vaughan (October 3, 1954August 27, 1990) was an American musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer, best known as the guitarist and frontman of the blues rock band Double Trouble (band), Double Trouble. Although his mainstream ...
recorded their best-known works, and the 1990s, which saw guitarists
Gary Moore Robert William Gary Moore (4 April 19526 February 2011) was a Northern Irish musician and songwriter. Over the course of his career he played in various groups and performed an eclectic range of music including blues, hard rock, heavy metal ...

Gary Moore
,
Jeff Healey Norman Jeffrey Healey (March 25, 1966 – March 2, 2008) was a Canadian jazz and blues-Rock and roll, rock vocalist, guitarist, and songwriter who attained popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. He reached No. 5 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, ''B ...
, and
Kenny Wayne Shepherd Kenny Wayne Shepherd (born Kenny Wayne Brobst; June 12, 1977) is an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter. He has released several studio albums and experienced significant commercial success as a blues artist. Life and career Shepherd was ...
become popular concert attractions. Groups such as the
Jon Spencer Blues Explosion The Jon Spencer Blues Explosion was an American Power trio, three-piece Rock music, rock band from New York City, formed in 1991. The group consisted of Judah Bauer on guitar, backing vocals, harmonica and occasional lead vocals, Russell Simins on ...
and
the White Stripes The White Stripes were an American rock duo from Detroit (strait) , nicknames = The Motor City, Motown, Renaissance City, City of the Straits, The D, D-Town, Hockeytown, The Automotive Capital of the World, Rock City ...

the White Stripes
brought an edgier, more diverse style into the 2000s, while
the Black Keys The Black Keys are an American rock band formed in Akron, Ohio Akron () is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and is the county seat of Summit County, Ohio, Summit County. It is located on the western edge of the Glaciated Alle ...
returned to basics.


See also

* List of blues rock musicians


References


Bibliography

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * {{Rock
Rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, chemical composition and the way in w ...
Fusion music genres British rock music genres British styles of music American styles of music American rock music genres 1960s in music