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Paddington is an within the , in . First a medieval parish then a , it was integrated with Westminster and in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are , designed by the celebrated engineer and opened in 1847; ; and the former (once the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments. Offshoot districts (historically within Paddington) are , and including .


History

The earliest extant references to ''Padington'' (or "Padintun", as in the ''Saxon Chartularies'', 959), a part of , appear in documentation of purported 10th-century land grants to the monks of Westminster by as confirmed by . However, the documents' provenance is much later and likely to have been forged after the 1066 . There is no mention of the place (or Westbourne or Knightsbridge) in the of 1086. It has been reasonably speculated that a Saxon settlement was located around the intersection of the northern and western Roman roads, corresponding with the () and the and Roads. A more reliable 12th-century document cited by the cleric (1697–1759) establishes that part of the land was held by brothers "Richard and William de Padinton". In the later and early era, the rectory, manor and associated estate houses were occupied by the Small (or Smale) family. Nicholas Small was a clothworker who was sufficiently well connected to have paint a portrait of his wife, . Nicholas died in 1565 and his wife married again, to Nicholas Parkinson of Paddington who became master of the . Jane Small continued to live in Paddington after her second husband's death, and her manor house was big enough to have been let to Sir John Popham, the attorney general, in the 1580s. They let the building that became in this time ''Blowers Inn''. As the regional population grew in the 17th century, Paddington's ancient of was split into divisions; replaced the hundred for most administrative purposes. By 1773, a felt and wrote that "London may now be said to include two cities ( and ), one borough () and forty six antient ncientvillages mong which.. Paddington and djoiningMarybone ()." Roman roads formed the parish's northeastern and southern boundaries from : (later ) and; (the) Uxbridge road, known by the 1860s in this neighbourhood as . They were in much of the 18th century, before and after the dismantling of the permanent at their junction in 1759 a junction now known as Marble Arch. By 1801, the area saw the start-point of an improved and an of the (); these remain.Elrington C. R. (Editor), Baker T. F. T., Bolton D. K., Croot P. E. C. (1989)
A History of the County of Middlesex
' (Access page number from the Table of Contents])


Tyburnia

In the 19th century the part of the parish most sandwiched between Edgware Road and Westbourne Terrace, Gloucester Terrace and , bounded to the south by Bayswater Road, was known as Tyburnia. The district formed the centrepiece of an 1824 masterplan by to redevelop the Tyburn Estate (historic lands of the Bishop of London) into a residential area to rival . The area was laid out in the mid-1800s when grand squares and cream- terraces started to fill the acres between Paddington station and Hyde Park; however, the plans were never realised in full. Despite this, Thackeray described the residential district of Tyburnia as "the elegant, the prosperous, the polite Tyburnia, the most respectable district of the habitable globe."


Etymology

Derivation of the name is uncertain. Speculative explanations include ''Padre-ing-tun'' (explained as "father's meadow village"), ''Pad-ing-tun'' ("pack-horse meadow village"), and ''Pæding-tun'' ("village of the race of Pæd") the last being the cited suggestion of the Victorian Anglo-Saxon scholar . There is another Paddington in , recorded in the ' as "Padendene" and later as "Paddingdon", perhaps to be derived from ''dene, denu'' "valley", whereas Paddington in Middlesex is commonly traced back to Old English ''tūn'' "farm, homestead, town". Both place names share the same first part, a personal name rendered as ''Pad(d)a'', of uncertain origin, giving "Padda's valley" for the place in Surrey and "homestead of Padda's people" for the place in Middlesex.Brooks, C
"Paddington"
in: ''Internet Surname Database''.
That both place names would refer to the same individual or ancient family, is pure speculation. A lord named Padda is named in the Domesday Book, associated with .


Colloquial expressions

An 18th-century dictionary gives "Paddington Fair Day. An execution day, Tyburn being in the parish or neighbourhood of Paddington. To dance the Paddington frisk ; to be hanged." Public executions were abolished in England in 1868.


Geography

The Paddington district is centred around . The conventional recognised boundary of the district is much smaller than the longstanding pre-mid-19th century parish. That parish was virtually equal to the borough abolished in 1965. It is divided from a northern offshoot by the ; its overlap is the artisan and touristic neighbourhood of . In the east of the district around it remains divided from by Edgware Road (as commonly heard in spoken form, the Road). In the south west it is bounded by its south and western offshoot . A final offshoot, , rises to the north west.


Governance

Paddington was part of the , the headquarters of which was at , until 1965 when the area became part of the enlarged .


Landmarks


Browning's Pool

A lagoon created in the 1810s at the convergence of the of the , the and the . It is an important focal point of the area. It is reputedly named after , the poet. More recently known as the "Little Venice Lagoon" it contains a small islet known as Browning's Island. Although Browning was thought to have coined the name "Little Venice" for this spot there are strong arguments was responsible.


London Paddington Station

is the iconic landmark associated with the area. In the station are statues of its designer, , and the character .


Paddington Basin

The terminus of the Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal was originally known as the Paddington Basin and all the land to the south was developed into housing and commercial property and titled The Grand Junction Estate. The majority of the housing was bounded by Praed Street, Sussex Gardens, Edgware Road and Norfolk Place. Land and buildings not used for the canal undertaking remained after 1929 with the renamed Grand Junction Company, which functioned as a property company. While retaining its own name, it was taken over in 1972 by the Amalgamated Investment and Property Company, which went into liquidation in 1976. Prior to the liquidation the Welbeck Estate Securities Group acquired the entire estate comprising 525 houses 15 shops and the Royal Exchange public House in Sale Place. The surrounding area is now known as Merchant Square. A former facility, the surrounds of the named Merchant Square have been redeveloped to provide of offices, homes, shops and leisure facilities. The redeveloped basin has some innovative features including , the Merchant Square Fan Bridge and the Floating Pocket Park.


Paddington Central

Situated to the north of the railway as it enters Paddington station, and to the south of the Westway flyover and with the canal to the east the former railway goods yard has been developed into a modern complex with wellbeing, leisure, retail and leisure facilities. The public area from the canal to Sheldon Square with the amphitheatre hosts leisure facilities and special events.


Paddington Green

A green space and conservation area in the east of the Paddington district immediately to the north of the and west of Edgware Road. It includes . The Paddington Green campus of the is adjacent to the Green. is immediately to the north west of the intersection of Westway and Edgware Road.


Transport


Rail

is on the and networks. It is in .


National Rail

National Rail services from Paddington run towards , and . Services calling at stations along this route are operated by (''future:'' ) and . TfL Rail services link the area to destinations in and . Great Western Railway services continue towards destinations in and , including , , , , , and . Trains to also depart from Paddington, operated by TfL Rail (stopping services via ). The also runs between Paddinton and Heathrow, with no intermediate stops.


London Underground

There are two London Underground (tube) stations in the Paddington station complex. The , and lines call at the (which, from the main concourse, is opposite platform 3). This links Paddington directly to destinations across and West London, including , , , , , , and . The and lines call at the station near the (to the north of platform 12). Trains from this station link the area directly to via to the west. Eastbound trains pass through Baker Street, , in the , and . is also in the area, served by trains.


Heritage

Paddington station was designed by . The permanent building opened in 1854. was also named after the station; in 's 1958 book ''A Bear Called Paddington'', Paddington is found at the station by the Brown family. He is lost, having just arrived in London from "darkest ."


Buses

, , , , , and , and night buses and serve Paddington station. Buses 23, 27 and 36 operate 24 hours, daily. Routes and serve Lancaster Gate station to the south of Paddington. Both routes operate 24 hours, daily, supplemented by route N207 at nights.


Road

Several key routes pass through or around the Paddington area, including: * (/Marylebone Flyover) – westbound towards , and the (towards and ). * () – eastbound towards , and (via A40/), and . Westbound towards , and . * () – northeast towards , and . * A4205 (/) * A4206 () – southwest towards Notting Hill. * A4209 (Sussex Gardens) * () – southbound to Marble Arch and Park Lane. Northbound to , , the and . Forms part of the . * (Marylebone Flyover/) – eastbound towards , and the . Forms part of the London Inner Ring Road.


Cycling

is provided in Paddington by (TfL) and the . Several cycle routes pass through the area, including: * (CS3) – part of the "East–West Superhighway," CS3 begins just south of Paddington at Lancaster Gate and carries cyclists southbound through to . The route continues eastbound, passing , , , and ''en route'' to in the . The route runs predominantly on traffic-free . The route is also unbroken and signposted. * (Q2) – runs on traffic-free paths or residential streets. Westbound, the route runs unbroken and signposted to and ''en route'' to . Eastbound, the route is incomplete, but will run unbroken to via and . As the route runs on traffic-free or low-traffic routes, it is indirect. * – a running direct to , and , and eventually . The route is managed by the Canal & River Trust. * towpath – runs alongside the Regent's Canal on residential streets from Little Venice to . The route then joins the towpath, heading eastbound which provides Paddington with a direct connection to , and . The route is managed by the Canal & River Trust. also propose that (NCR 6) will begin at Paddington and run northwest along the Grand Union Canal towpath. The route, when complete, will run signposted and unbroken to , . Within the M25, the route will pass through Hayes, and . Santander Cycles, a London-wide bike sharing system, operates in Paddington, with several docking stations in the area.


Canal

The of the runs from Paddington to , via and . Beyond Hayes, onward destinations include , the , and . The is in the area, as is . A towpath runs unbroken from Paddington to Hayes. at the Paddington Basin was designed by , who wanted to create a bridge that, instead of breaking apart to let boats through, would "get out of the way" instead. Heatherwick's website cites the "fluid, coiling tails of the animatronic dinosaurs of " as the initial influence behind the Bridge. The begins at Little Venice, heading east towards , , , , and ''en route'' to . A towpath runs along the canal from Paddington to Limehouse, broken only by the and tunnels.


Development

Commercial traffic on the (which became the in 1929) dwindled because of railway competition in the late-19th and early-20th centuries, and freight then moved from rail to road after World War II, leading to the abandonment of the goods yards in the early 1980s. The land lay derelict until the Partnership was established in 1998 to co-ordinate the regeneration of the area between the Westway, Praed Street and Westbourne Terrace. This includes major developments on the goods yard site (now branded Paddington Central) and around the canal (). much of these developments have been completed and are in use.


Renewal proposal, 2018–2023

PaddingtonNow BID put forward a renewal bid in 2017 covering the period April 2018 to March 2023, which would be supported by a levy on local businesses. Development schemes for St. Mary's Hospital and Paddington Square are likely to commence in this period, and the impact of the opening of the in 2018 would be soon felt.


Religion

Paddington has a number of churches, including , and St Peter's. In addition, there is a large Muslim population in and around Paddington.


People from Paddington


Notable residents

Between 1805 and 1817, the great actress lived at Desborough House, (which was demolished before 1853 to make way for the Great Western Railway) and was buried at , near the later graves of the eminent painters and .Robins, Willia
Paddington Past and Present
Caxton Steam Printing (1853)
Her brother also built a house, Desborough Lodge, in the vicinity—in which she may have lived later. In later years, the actress , best known for her part in the classic television comedy , lived at 198 Sussex Gardens. One of 's nephews, Prince (1813–1891), a notable and , who spent most of his adult life in England, had a house in Norfolk Terrace, Westbourne Park. The eccentric philanthropist lived at 17 Hyde Park Gardens between 1840 and 1866.Friends of Broadwater and Worthing Cemetery: ''Broadsheet'', Issue 10, Spring 2011
"Ann Thwaytes" by Rosemeary Pearson, p.11.
The poet moved from No. 1 Chichester Road to Beauchamp Lodge, 19 , in 1862 and lived there until 1887. He is reputed to have named that locality, on the junction of two canals, "". But this has been disputed by Lord Kinross in 1966 and more recently by londoncanals.uk who both assert that humorously coined the name. The name is now applied, more loosely, to a longer reach of the canal system. in is the site of several notable medical accomplishments. In 1874, synthesised (diacetylmorphine). Also there, in 1928, Sir first isolated , earning the award of a Nobel Prize. The hospital has an Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum where visitors can see Fleming's laboratory, restored to its 1928 condition, and explore the story of Fleming and the discovery and development of penicillin through displays and video. , physician, and , who died in 1912 on 's ill-fated , had earlier practised as a doctor in Paddington. The former Senior Street primary school was renamed the ''Edward Wilson School'' after him in 1951. British painter had his studio in Paddington, first at Delamere Terrace from 1943 to 1962, and then at 124 Clarendon Crescent from 1962 to 1977.


Education


In popular culture

Paddington in the 17th century is one of the settings in the fiction-based-on-fact novel ''A Spurious Brood'', which tells the story of , whose children were transported to America on board the ' ship, the '. Timothy Forsyte of 's ' and other relatives resided in Bayswater Road. , from "deepest, darkest ", emigrated to England via Paddington station.(History) All about Paddington
at paddington.com
The films ' (1950) and ' (1960) depict many Paddington streets, which suffered bombing in World War II and were subsequently demolished in the early 1960s to make way for the and the Warwick Estate housing redevelopment.


Image gallery

File:PaddBasin.jpg, Paddington Basin, Grand Union Canal File:EdgwRd.JPG, Edgware Road File:SussGdns.jpg, Sussex Gardens File:VictPubPadd.jpg, Victoria pub, Gloucester Square


See also

* * *


References


External links

* {{Authority control Tyburnia