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The London Borough of Camden () is a
London borough The London boroughs are the 32 local authority districts that make up the ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as cerem ...

London borough
in Inner
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
, and historically a part of
Middlesex Middlesex (; abbreviation: Middx) is a Historic counties of England, historic county in South East England, southeast England. Its area is almost entirely within the wider urbanised area of London and mostly within the Ceremonial counties of En ...

Middlesex
. Camden Town Hall, on Euston Road, lies north of Charing Cross. The cultural and commercial land uses in the south contrasts with the bustling mixed-use districts such as
Camden Town Camden Town (), often shortened to Camden, is a district of northwest London, England, north of Charing Cross. Historically in Middlesex, it is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Camden, and identified in the London Plan#Activ ...

Camden Town
and
Kentish Town Kentish Town is an area of northwest London, England in the London Borough of Camden, immediately north of Camden Town. Less than four miles north of central London, Kentish Town has good transport connections and is situated close to the open ...
in the centre and leafy residential areas around
Hampstead Heath Hampstead Heath (locally known simply as the Heath) is a large, ancient London heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by ...

Hampstead Heath
in the north. Well known attractions include
The British Museum The British Museum, in the Bloomsbury area of London, England, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture. Its permanent collection of some eight million works is among the list of largest art museums, largest and mos ...

The British Museum
,
The British Library The British Library is the national library A national library is a library A library is a collection of materials, books or media that are easily accessible for use and not just for display purposes. It is responsible for housing up ...

The British Library
, the famous views from
Parliament Hill Parliament Hill (french: Colline du Parlement), colloquially known as The Hill, is an area of Crown land on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario , Label_map = yes , image_map = O ...
, the
London Zoo London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo A zoo (short for zoological garden; also called an animal park or menagerie) is a facility in which animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form ...
, the
BT Tower The BT Tower is a communications tower Radio masts and towers are typically tall structures designed to support antenna (radio), antennas for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television. There are two main types: guyed and s ...

BT Tower
,
The Roundhouse The Roundhouse is a performing arts and concert venue situated at the Grade II* listed former Railway roundhouse, railway engine shed in Chalk Farm, London, England. It was originally built in 1847 by the London & North Western Railway as a R ...

The Roundhouse
and
Camden Market The Camden markets are a number of adjoining large retail markets, often collectively referred to as Camden Market or Camden Lock, located in the historic former Pickfords Pickfords is a moving company based in the United Kingdom, part of P ...

Camden Market
. In 2019 it was estimated to have a population of 270,000. The local authority is
Camden London Borough Council Camden London Borough Council is the local authority for the London Borough of Camden in Greater London, England. It is a London borough council, one of 32 in the United Kingdom capital of London. Camden is divided into 18 Wards of the United Kingd ...
.


History

The borough was created in 1965 from the former area of the
metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of districts of England, local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as ...
s of
Hampstead Hampstead () is an area in London, which lies northwest of Charing Cross, and extends from Watling Street, the A5 road (Roman Watling Street) to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland. The area forms the northwest part of the Lond ...

Hampstead
,
Holborn Holborn ( or ) is a district in central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city s ...

Holborn
, and
St Pancras
St Pancras
, which had formed part of the
County of London The County of London was a county of England from 1889 to 1965, corresponding to the area known today as Inner London. It was created as part of the general introduction of elected county government in England, by way of the Local Government A ...
. The borough was named after
Camden Town Camden Town (), often shortened to Camden, is a district of northwest London, England, north of Charing Cross. Historically in Middlesex, it is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Camden, and identified in the London Plan#Activ ...

Camden Town
, which had gained its name from
Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, PC (baptism, baptised 21 March 1714 – 18 April 1794) was an England, English lawyer, judge and Whig (British political faction), Whig politician who was first to hold ...
in 1795. The initial Herbert Commission report recommended that the new borough consist of St Pancras and Hampstead, but Holborn was later also added. The transcribed diaries of William Copeland Astbury, recently made available, describe Camden and the surrounding areas in great detail from 1829–1848. Sir Jan inspired many of his art works in this area. There are 162 English Heritage blue plaqueshttps://www.london.gov.uk/in-my-area/camden Camden in the borough of Camden representing the many diverse personalities that have lived there.


Geography and economy

The borough was formed in 1965 from the merger of the
metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of districts of England, local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as ...
s of
St Pancras
St Pancras
,
Hampstead Hampstead () is an area in London, which lies northwest of Charing Cross, and extends from Watling Street, the A5 road (Roman Watling Street) to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland. The area forms the northwest part of the Lond ...

Hampstead
and
Holborn Holborn ( or ) is a district in central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city s ...

Holborn
. The first two of these had their origins in medieval
Ancient Parishes Ancient history is the aggregate of past eventsWordNet Search – 3.0
"History"
from ...
of the same name, while Holborn was formed by a union of much smaller units. The area of the old parish and borough of
Hampstead Hampstead () is an area in London, which lies northwest of Charing Cross, and extends from Watling Street, the A5 road (Roman Watling Street) to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland. The area forms the northwest part of the Lond ...

Hampstead
in the north-west includes
Belsize Park Belsize Park is an area of the London Borough of Camden The London Borough of Camden () is a London borough The London boroughs are the 32 local authority districts that make up the ceremonial county The counties and areas for t ...
and part of Kilburn. The old parish and borough of St Pancras, which occupies most of the modern borough includes
Camden Town Camden Town (), often shortened to Camden, is a district of northwest London, England, north of Charing Cross. Historically in Middlesex, it is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Camden, and identified in the London Plan#Activ ...

Camden Town
,
Kentish Town Kentish Town is an area of northwest London, England in the London Borough of Camden, immediately north of Camden Town. Less than four miles north of central London, Kentish Town has good transport connections and is situated close to the open ...
,
Gospel Oak Gospel Oak is an inner urban area of north west London in the London Borough of Camden at the very south of Hampstead Heath. The neighbourhood is positioned between Hampstead to the north-west, Dartmouth Park to the north-east, Kentish Town to t ...
, Somers Town, King's Cross,
Chalk Farm Chalk Farm is a small urban district of north London North London is the northern part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The c ...
,
Dartmouth Park Dartmouth Park is a district of north west London in the London Borough of Camden, Borough of Camden, north of Charing Cross. The area adjoins Highgate and Highgate Cemetery (to the north) and Kentish Town (to the south). Parliament Hill is to ...
, the core area of
Fitzrovia Fitzrovia () is a district of central London, England, near the West End of London, West End. The eastern part of area is in the London Borough of Camden, and the western in the City of Westminster. It has its roots in the Manor of Tottenham Cour ...
and a part of
Highgate Highgate is a suburban area of north London at the northeastern corner of Hampstead Heath, north-northwest of Charing Cross. Highgate is one of the most expensive London suburbs in which to live. It has two active conservation organisations ...
. In the south, the old Borough of Holborn was formed from the combined parish of
Bloomsbury Bloomsbury is a district in the West End of London The West End of London (commonly referred to as the West End) is a district of Central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital ...

Bloomsbury
and
St Giles Saint Giles (, la, Aegidius, french: Gilles), also known as Giles the Hermit, was a hermit or monk active in the lower Rhône The Rhône ( , ; german: Rhone ; wae, Rotten ; it, Rodano ; frp, Rôno ; oc, Ròse ) is one of the major rivers ...
, and most of the parish of
Holborn Holborn ( or ) is a district in central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city s ...

Holborn
(with the remaining part in the ancient
Farringdon Without __NOTOC__ Farringdon Without is the most westerly Wards of the City of London, Ward of the City of London, its suffix ''Without'' reflects its origin as lying beyond the London Wall, City’s former defensive walls. It was first established in 13 ...
ward of the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
). The economy and land uses of the
West End West End most commonly refers to: * West End of London, an area of central London, England * West End theatre, a popular term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of London, England West End may also refer to: Place ...
and other southern parts of the borough reflect their more
central Central is an adjective In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign languag ...
location. Camden has the seventh largest economy in the UK. with a number of mafor companies headquartered in the borough, including
Atlantic Books Atlantic Books is an independent United Kingdom, British publishing house, with its headquarters in Ormond House in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden. It is perhaps best known for publishing Aravind Adiga's debut novel ''The White Tige ...
..
Google Google LLC is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational stat ...

Google
is in the process of completing a major headquarter building in King’s Cross.
Camden Town Brewery Camden Town Brewery is a Camden Town, Camden, London-based brewery founded in 2010, and owned by Anheuser-Busch InBev since 2015. History The brewery was founded by Jasper Cuppaidge (born 1975), the grandson of Laurie McLaughlin, who ran McLaugh ...

Camden Town Brewery
is among the newer businesses that have thrived in the borough. In the far south of the borough,
Lincoln's Inn Fields Lincoln's Inn Fields is the largest public square in London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppe ...

Lincoln's Inn Fields
is within 500 metres of the Thames. The northern part of the borough includes the less densely developed areas of
Hampstead Hampstead () is an area in London, which lies northwest of Charing Cross, and extends from Watling Street, the A5 road (Roman Watling Street) to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland. The area forms the northwest part of the Lond ...

Hampstead
,
Hampstead Heath Hampstead Heath (locally known simply as the Heath) is a large, ancient London heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by ...

Hampstead Heath
and Kentish Town. There are a number of
Parks and open spaces in the London Borough of Camden The London Borough of Camden is in percentage terms the second-greenest of the Inner London boroughs (based on public green spaces). It contains most of the swathe of land Hampstead Heath and many smaller green spaces. The Central London part of ...
. Neighbouring boroughs are the
City of Westminster The City of Westminster is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and London boroughs, borough in Inner London which forms a core part of Central London. It is the site of the United Kingdom's Houses of Parliament and much of the British gov ...

City of Westminster
and the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
to the south,
Brent Brent may refer to: *Brent (name), an English given and surname Place name ;In the United States *Brent, Alabama *Brent, Florida *Brent, Georgia *Brent, Missouri, a ghost town *Brent, Oklahoma ;In the United Kingdom * Brent, Cornwall *Brent K ...
to the west of the originally Roman ,
Barnet Barnet may refer to: People *Barnet (surname) *Barnet (given name) Places United Kingdom *Chipping Barnet or High Barnet, commonly known as Barnet, one of three focal towns of the borough below. *East Barnet, a district of the borough below; anci ...
and
Haringey The London Borough of Haringey (pronounced , same as Harringay) is a London borough in North London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of th ...
to the north and
Islington Islington () is a district in Greater London, England, and part of the London Borough of Islington. It is a mainly residential district of Inner London, extending from Islington's Islington#Islington High Street, High Street to Highbury Fields, ...
to the east. It covers all or part of the N1, N6, N7, N19, NW1, NW2, NW3, NW5, NW6, NW8, EC1, WC1, WC2, W1 and W9 postcode areas. For planning policy purposes, the
London Plan The London Plan is the statutory spatial planning, spatial development strategy for the Greater London area in the United Kingdom that is written by the Mayor of London and published by the Greater London Authority. The regional planning docu ...
places Camden in the 'Central London' group of boroughs.


Governance and politics


Local government

Camden Town Hall Camden Town Hall, known as St Pancras Town Hall until 1965, is the headquarters of Camden London Borough Council. The main entrance is in Judd street with its northern elevation extending along Euston Road, opposite the main front of St Pancras ...
is located in Judd Street in St Pancras.
Camden London Borough Council Camden London Borough Council is the local authority for the London Borough of Camden in Greater London, England. It is a London borough council, one of 32 in the United Kingdom capital of London. Camden is divided into 18 Wards of the United Kingd ...
was controlled by the
Labour Party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
continuously from 1971 until the 2006 election, when the Liberal Democrats became the largest party. In 2006, two Green Cllrs, Maya de Souza and Adrian Oliver, were elected (to Highgate Ward) and were the first Green Party councillors in Camden. In 1985 when the borough was rate-capped, the Labour leadership joined the
rebellion Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behavio ...
in which it declared its inability to set a budget in an unsuccessful attempt to force the Government to allow higher spending. Camden was the fourth to last council to drop out of the campaign, doing so in the early hours of 6 June. Borough councillors are elected every four years. Since May 2002 the electoral wards in Camden are Belsize,
Bloomsbury Bloomsbury is a district in the West End of London The West End of London (commonly referred to as the West End) is a district of Central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital ...
, Camden Town with Primrose Hill, Cantelowes,
Fortune Green Fortune Green is a small area in West Hampstead, London Borough of Camden. Lying on the south-west side of the Finchley Road, Hampstead town council decided to build its overflow cemetery there in the 1840s. A guide to Hampstead Cemetery, with sh ...
, Frognal and Fitzjohns,
Gospel Oak Gospel Oak is an inner urban area of north west London in the London Borough of Camden at the very south of Hampstead Heath. The neighbourhood is positioned between Hampstead to the north-west, Dartmouth Park to the north-east, Kentish Town to t ...
, Hampstead Town,
Haverstock Haverstock is an area of the London Borough of Camden: specifically the east of Belsize Park, north of Chalk Farm and west of Kentish Town. It is centred on Queens Crescent and Malden Road. Gospel Oak is to the north, Camden Town to the south. ...
,
Highgate Highgate is a suburban area of north London at the northeastern corner of Hampstead Heath, north-northwest of Charing Cross. Highgate is one of the most expensive London suburbs in which to live. It has two active conservation organisations ...
, Holborn and Covent Garden,
Kentish Town Kentish Town is an area of northwest London, England in the London Borough of Camden, immediately north of Camden Town. Less than four miles north of central London, Kentish Town has good transport connections and is situated close to the open ...
, Kilburn, King's Cross,
Regent's Park Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London. It occupies high ground in north-west Inner London, administratively split between the City of Westminster and the London Borough of Camden, Borough of Camden (and ...
, St Pancras and Somers Town,
Swiss Cottage Swiss Cottage is an area of Hampstead Hampstead () is an area in London, which lies northwest of Charing Cross, and extends from Watling Street, the A5 road (Roman Watling Street) to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland. T ...
and
West Hampstead West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden in north-west London. Mainly defined by the railway stations of the same name, it is situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to t ...
. Between 2006 and 2010 Labour lost two seats to the Liberal Democrats through by-elections, in Kentish Town and Haverstock wards. A Labour Councillor in Haverstock ward also defected to the Liberal Democrats in February 2009. The Conservatives also lost two seats, one to the Liberal Democrats in Hampstead, and one to the
Green Party A Green party is a formally organized political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about p ...
, Alexander Goodman, in Highgate, taking the total number of Green Party Councillors to three. At the local elections on 6 May 2010 the
Labour party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
regained full control of Camden council. The organisation's staff are led by the
Chief Executive A chief executive officer (CEO), chief administrator officer, or just chief executive (CE), is one of a number of corporate executives A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as c ...
who is currently Jenny Rowlands. The organisation is divided into three directorates: * Supporting People * Supporting Communities * Corporate Services The directorates are headed by an Executive Director who reports directly to the Chief Executive. Each directorate is divided into a number of ''divisions'' headed by a Director. They, in turn, are divided into ''groups'' which are themselves divided into ''services''. This is a similar model to most local government in London.


London Assembly

Camden forms part of the Barnet and Camden London Assembly constituency, represented by
Andrew Dismore Andrew Hartley Dismore (born 2 September 1954) is a British Labour Party (UK), Labour politician who has been the Member of the London Assembly for Barnet and Camden (London Assembly constituency), Barnet and Camden since 2012 London Assembly el ...
of the Labour Party


UK Parliament

There are two parliamentary constituencies covering Camden:
Hampstead and Kilburn Hampstead and Kilburn is a List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies, constituency created in 2010 United Kingdom general election, 2010 and currently represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Commons by Tulip Si ...
in the north, represented by Labour's
Tulip Siddiq Tulip Rizwana Siddiq ( bn, টিউলিপ রেজওয়ানা সিদ্দীক; born 16 September 1982) is a British politician serving as the Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), Member of Parliament (MP) for Hampstead and ...

Tulip Siddiq
, and Holborn and St. Pancras in the south, represented by
Keir Starmer Sir Keir Rodney Starmer (born 2 September 1962) is a British politician and former lawyer who has served as Leader of the Labour PartyThe title Leader of the Labour Party may refer to: *Leader of the Labour Party (Ireland) *Leader of the Labo ...
, the leader of the Labour Party.


Demographics

In 1801, the
civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, gove ...
es that form the modern borough were already developed and had a total population of 96,795. This continued to rise swiftly throughout the 19th century as the district became built up, reaching 270,197 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of
population growth Population growth is the increase in the number of people in a population Population typically refers the number of people in a single area whether it be a city or town, region, country, or the world. Governments typically quantify the size ...
slowed, for while many people were drawn in by new employment, others were made homeless by the new central London termini and construction of lines through the district. The population peaked at 376,500 in the 1890s, after which official efforts began to clear the overcrowded
slum A slum is a highly populated urban Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical area distinct from rural areas * Urban culture, the culture of towns and cities. Urban may also refer to: Ge ...

slum
s around and
Holborn Holborn ( or ) is a district in central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city s ...

Holborn
. After
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, further suburban public housing was built to rehouse the many Londoners made homeless in
the Blitz The Blitz was a German bombing campaign against the United Kingdom in 1940 and 1941, during the . The term was first used by the British press and originated from the term , the German word for 'lightning war'. The Germans conducted mass ai ...
, and there was an exodus from London towards the
new towns A planned community, planned city, or planned town is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped land. This contrasts with settlements that evolve in a more ''ad hoc'' ...
under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). As industry declined during the 1970s the population continued to decline, falling to 161,100 at the start of the 1980s. It has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites and the release of railway and gas work lands around Kings Cross. A 2017 study found that the eviction rate of 6 per 1,000 renting households in Camden is the lowest rate in London. The 2001 census gave Camden a population of 198,000, an undercount that was later revised to 202,600. The latest ONS projection puts the 2019 population at 270,000. On 20 May 1999, the ''
Camden New Journal The ''Camden New Journal'' is a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Britishness, the British i ...
'' newspaper documented 'Two Camdens' syndrome as a high-profile phenomenon differentiating the characteristics of education services in its constituencies. In 2006, Dame Julia Neuberger's book reported similar variation as a characteristic of Camden's children's health services. Her insider's view was corroboration – in addition to the 2001 "Inequalities" report by Director of Public Health Dr. Maggie Barker of "stark contrasts in" health and education opportunities – of earlier similar Audit Commission findings and a verification/update of the 1999 CNJ report. The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Camden.


Ethnicity


Landmarks


Parks and open spaces

London is well known for its greenery and the
Parks and open spaces in the London Borough of Camden The London Borough of Camden is in percentage terms the second-greenest of the Inner London boroughs (based on public green spaces). It contains most of the swathe of land Hampstead Heath and many smaller green spaces. The Central London part of ...
make an important contribution to this.
Hampstead Heath Hampstead Heath (locally known simply as the Heath) is a large, ancient London heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by ...

Hampstead Heath
is well known for its view over London, notably from Parliament Hill, its wild nature and its
Hampstead Heath Ponds Hampstead Heath Ponds are a series of some thirty bodies of water on or adjacent to Hampstead Heath, a vast open area of woodland and grassland in north London. The main ponds were originally dug in the 17th and 18th centuries as reservoirs to ...
. Camden shares Regents Park with
Westminster Westminster is a district in Central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city sta ...

Westminster
and the views from
Primrose Hill Primrose Hill is a Grade II listed A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England Historic England (officially the Historic Buildings and Monuments ...

Primrose Hill
are famous.


Attractions

*
Bloomsbury Theatre The Bloomsbury Theatre is a theatre Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actor, actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience i ...
*
BT Tower The BT Tower is a communications tower Radio masts and towers are typically tall structures designed to support antenna (radio), antennas for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television. There are two main types: guyed and s ...

BT Tower
*
Camden Arts Centre Camden Art Centre (formerly known as Camden Arts Centre) is a contemporary art gallery in the London Borough of Camden, England that hosts temporary exhibitions and educational outreach projects. The changing programme includes exhibitions, learn ...
* Camden catacombs ''(see also
Catacombs of London The city of London, England, has several catacomb spaces, although the city's high water table limits subterranean construction. There has been a long tradition of burial under the floors of churches, and during the period of new church constructi ...
)'' *
Camden Market The Camden markets are a number of adjoining large retail markets, often collectively referred to as Camden Market or Camden Lock, located in the historic former Pickfords Pickfords is a moving company based in the United Kingdom, part of P ...

Camden Market
* Parts of
Covent Garden Covent Garden is a district in London, on the eastern fringes of the West End West End most commonly refers to: * West End of London, an area of central London, England * West End theatre, a popular term for mainstream professional theatre st ...

Covent Garden
* Dickens House *
Dominion Theatre The Dominion Theatre is a West End theatre and former cinema on Tottenham Court Road, close to St Giles Circus and Centre Point, in the London Borough of Camden. The Dominion was home to the long-running musical ''We Will Rock You (musical), We ...
*
Drama Centre London Drama Centre London (often abbreviated as Drama Centre) is a British drama school in King's Cross, London, where it moved in 2011 after a major reshaping of the University of the Arts London University of the Arts London is a collegiate ...
*
Euston station Euston railway station ( ; also known as London Euston) is a London station group, central London railway terminus in the London Borough of Camden, managed by Network Rail. It is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line, the UK's bus ...
*
Fenton House Fenton House is a 17th-century merchant's house in Hampstead in North London which belongs to the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, National Trust, bequeathed to them in 1952 by George Baillie-Hamilton, Lord Bin ...
*
Foundling Museum The Foundling Museum in Brunswick Square, London tells the story of the Foundling Hospital, United Kingdom, Britain's first home for children at risk of abandonment. The museum houses the nationally important Foundling Hospital Collection as wel ...

Foundling Museum
*
Freud Museum The Freud Museum in London London is the Capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. It stands on the River Thames in south-east England at the head of a estuar ...
* Grant Museum of Zoology *
Gray's Inn The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London. To be called to the bar in order to practise as a barrister in England and Wale ...
*
Hampstead Cemetery Hampstead Cemetery is a historic cemetery in West Hampstead West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden The London Borough of Camden () is a borough in Inner London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban a ...

Hampstead Cemetery
*
Hampstead Heath Hampstead Heath (locally known simply as the Heath) is a large, ancient London heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by ...

Hampstead Heath
*
Hatton Garden Hatton Garden is a street and quiet commercial zone in the Holborn Holborn ( or ) is a district in central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the ...
*
Highgate Cemetery Highgate Cemetery is a place of burial in north London North London is the northern part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The c ...

Highgate Cemetery
*
Jewish Museum London The Jewish Museum London is a museum of British Jewish life, history and identity. The museum is situated in Camden Town in the London Borough of Camden, North London. It is a place for people of all faiths to explore Jewish history, culture, an ...

Jewish Museum London
* Keats' House * Kenwood House * London King's Cross railway station, King's Cross railway station * Lincoln's Inn * Parliament Hill Lido * Phoenix Garden * The eastern part of Regent's Park is in the borough * The Place (London), The Place *
The Roundhouse The Roundhouse is a performing arts and concert venue situated at the Grade II* listed former Railway roundhouse, railway engine shed in Chalk Farm, London, England. It was originally built in 1847 by the London & North Western Railway as a R ...

The Roundhouse
* Russell Square * Shaftesbury Theatre * Sir John Soane's Museum * Upstairs at The Gatehouse * World's End (Camden) *
London Zoo London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo A zoo (short for zoological garden; also called an animal park or menagerie) is a facility in which animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form ...
* London Astoria * Electric Ballroom * Wellcome Collection *
Primrose Hill Primrose Hill is a Grade II listed A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England Historic England (officially the Historic Buildings and Monuments ...

Primrose Hill
* St. Pancras Library * St Pancras railway station


Education

The Borough of Camden is home to a large number of primary, secondary and tertiary institutions. Over recent years, a number of significant institutions have moved into the borough or are planning to do so. The included Central Saint Martins, the Francis Crick Institute, as well as the planned move by Moorfields Eye Hospital, recently unveiled as Project Oriel.


Primary schools

The London Borough of Camden is the local education authority for the borough, organised through the ''Children, Schools and Families'' directorate.


Major public and private bodies

Some of London's best universities and teaching institutions are located in the Borough of Camden. They include the headquarters of the University of London, Birkbeck, University of London, Birkbeck, part of the campus of the London School of Economics near Lincoln's Inn Fields, and Central Saint Martins. * The Architectural Association * Birkbeck, University of London * The British Library * British Medical Association * The British Museum * Cancer Research UK * Central Saint Martins * Fordham University (Campuses of Fordham University#London Centre campus, London Centre) * Francis Crick Institute * Friends House * Great Ormond Street Hospital * Goodenough College * London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (part of University of London) * National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery * National Union of Students (United Kingdom), National Union of Students * Royal Academy of Dramatic Art * Royal Central School of Speech and Drama * Royal College of Anaesthetists * Royal College of General Practitioners * Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health * Royal College of Physicians * Royal College of Surgeons of England, Royal College of Surgeons * Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons * Royal Free Hospital * Royal Veterinary College (Camden Campus) * Senate House (University of London) * School of Oriental and African Studies * Slade School of Fine Art * St Pancras Hospital * Student Central * Trades Union Congress (TUC) * University College Hospital * University College London * The University of Law * University of London Union * Wellcome Trust * Working Men's College


Public services


Police

Camden is policed by the Metropolitan Police Service. There are two police stations across the borough, situated at
Holborn Holborn ( or ) is a district in central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city s ...

Holborn
and
Kentish Town Kentish Town is an area of northwest London, England in the London Borough of Camden, immediately north of Camden Town. Less than four miles north of central London, Kentish Town has good transport connections and is situated close to the open ...
. There are various other contact points around the borough including West Hampstead, Greenland Road, Highgate Road, Station House (Swiss Cottage), West End Lane, Hampstead Town Hall and Kingsway College. All locations have varying opening hours with Kentish Town Police Station open to the public on a 24-hour basis.
Hampstead Heath Hampstead Heath (locally known simply as the Heath) is a large, ancient London heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by ...

Hampstead Heath
, situated within the London Borough of Camden and managed by the City of London Corporation, has its own Constabulary who deal with everyday incidents on the Heath, however, all serious criminal offences are passed to the Metropolitan Police to investigate. With a large London Underground network and major railway stations such as London King's Cross railway station, King's Cross, St Pancras railway station, St Pancras and Euston railway station, Euston, Camden also has a much larger presence of British Transport Police (BTP) than many other London boroughs. BTP are responsible for policing Great Britain's railway network.


London Fire Brigade

The area has three fire stations: Euston, Kentish Town and West Hampstead and they are operated by London Fire Brigade in the borough of Camden. None of these fire stations are home to any specialist units; only pumping appliances and a rescue tender.


Public libraries

Camden is the home of the British Library. In addition, Camden has numerous libraries which include: * Swiss Cottage Library * Holborn Library * Camden Town Library * Kentish Town Library * Pancras Square Library * West Hampstead Library * Kilburn Library * Highgate Library * Queens Crescent Library As well as a number of community libraries including Keats community library.


Transport

There are no motorways in the borough, and few stretches of dual carriageway road, but the borough has great strategic transport significance to London, due to presence of three of the capital's most important rail termini, which are lined up along the Euston Road. The position of the railway termini on Euston Road, rather than in a more central position further south, is a result of the influential recommendations of the 1846 Royal Commission on Metropolitan Railway Termini that sought to protect the
West End West End most commonly refers to: * West End of London, an area of central London, England * West End theatre, a popular term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of London, England West End may also refer to: Place ...
districts a short distance south of the road.


Rail


National Rail

Three of the fourteen central London's railway terminals are located in the borough. , St Pancras railway station, St Pancras and London King's Cross railway station, Kings Cross are the London termini for the West Coast Main Line, West Coast, Midland Main Line, Midland and East Coast Main Line, East Coast Main Lines and also High Speed 1. This connects the borough with the East of England, East Midlands, West Midlands (county), West Midlands, North East & North West England, West England, North Wales, Scotland, South East England, France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Since 14 November 2007 when St Pancras International became the new terminus of Eurostar, a major regeneration of the area has occurred with the King's Cross Central development happening behind the station. London Overground's North London Line services run through the borough serving , , , , and . London Overground also operates the Watford DC Line services from Euston serving , trains continue to Watford in Hertfordshire. Thameslink and Great Northern, Thameslink route services serve , Kentish Town station, Kentish Town and stations. Currently the Thameslink network is undergoing a major expansion project called the Thameslink Programme. This will link more places in Southern England to the borough and to the East of England. While some services on the Great Northern Route, Great Northern network, which currently terminate at King's Cross will be diverted onto the Thameslink network, all work is due to be complete by 2016.


Underground

The three major rail termini are served by two underground stations, and the combined station. Between them, the termini are served by the Circle line (London Underground), Circle, Hammersmith & City line, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan line, Metropolitan, Northern line, Northern, Piccadilly line, Piccadilly and Victoria line, Victoria lines. The Central line (London Underground), Central and Jubilee line, Jubilee lines serve other parts of the borough, as will the new Crossrail, Elizabeth Line, when opened. As well as the two major termini stations, the borough's other stations are: , , , Tottenham Court Road station, Tottenham Court Road, , , , , , , , , , , and .


Future

The proposed High Speed 2 railway line to northern England is intended to terminate at Euston Station. The proposed Crossrail 2 line, (originally referred to as the Chelsea-Hackney line) would serve Euston and Tottenham Court Road underground stations. The increase in passengers at Euston as a result of the proposed High Speed 2 services is a major driver of the proposals. The formerly proposed Cross River Tram was going to start in the borough of Camden but was scrapped by the former Mayor of London Boris Johnson in 2008.


Buses

All London Buses, bus services are operated by Transport for London. Buses serve every suburb in the borough.


Statistics

The 2011 census found that the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 21.5% of all residents aged 16–74; on foot, 9.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 9.2%; driving a car or van, 6.3%; work mainly at or from home, 5.2%; train, 4.1%; bicycle, 4.1%. The census also found that 61% of households had no car, 32% had one car and 7% of households had 2 or more cars. There were an estimated 46,000 cars belonging to Camden residents.


Speed limit

From 16 December 2013, Camden Council introduced a borough-wide speed limit of , except on Transport for London red routes. This is to make roads safer for cyclists and pedestrians.


See also

* Camden Head * Camden bench


References


External links


Camden Town London website
– News about the Camden Markets and Camden Town
The website of Camden Council

Camden TV

Camden Town Online


* [https://www.youtube.com/user/CamdenCouncil Camden Council YouTube channel] {{DEFAULTSORT:London Borough Of Camden London Borough of Camden, 1965 establishments in the United Kingdom London boroughs, Camden