HOME

TheInfoList




The India men's national cricket team, also known as Team India or the Men in Blue, represents India in men's
International Cricket International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body of cricket Cricket is a B ...
. It is governed by the
Board of Control for Cricket in India The Board of Control for Cricket in IndiaThe India men's national cricket team, also known as Team India and Men in Blue, is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council ...
(BCCI), and is a Full Member of the
International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law ...
(ICC) with
Test Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment), an educational assessment intended to measure the respondents' knowledge or other abilities Arts and entertainment * Test (2013 film), ''Test'' (2013 film), an American film * Test ( ...
,
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
(ODI) and
Twenty20 International A Twenty20 International (T20I) is a form of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the acti ...
(T20I) status. Cricket was introduced to India by
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ir ...
sailors in the 18th century, and the first cricket club was established in 1792. India's national cricket team did not play its first Test match until 25 June 1932 at
Lord's Lord's Cricket Ground, commonly known as Lord's, is a cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch ...
, becoming the sixth team to be granted test cricket status. From 1932 India had to wait until 1952, almost 20 years for its first Test victory. In its first fifty years of international cricket, India didn't gain much success, winning only 35 of the first 196 Test matches it played. The team, however, gained strength in the 1970s with the emergence of players like Gavaskar, Viswanath,
Kapil Dev Kapil Dev Ramlal Nikhanj (born 6 January 1959) is a former Indian cricket team, Indian cricketer. He was a fast medium bowler and a hard hitting middle order batsman. Widely regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders to play the game, he is al ...
, and the
Indian spin quartet The Indian spin quartet is the collective name given to the Indian spin bowlers of the 1960s and 1970s: Erapalli Prasanna and Srinivas Venkataraghavan (both off spinners), Bhagwat Chandrasekhar (a leg spinner), and Bishen Singh Bedi (a lef ...
. Traditionally much stronger at home than abroad, the Indian team has improved its overseas form, especially in limited-overs cricket, since the start of the 21st century, winning Test matches in
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
,
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
and
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
. It was the second cricket team to win the World Cup after West Indies. It has won the
Cricket World Cup The Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Men's Cricket World Cup) is the international championship The International Championship is a professional Snooker world rankings, ranking snooker tournament. The reigning champion is Judd Trump. ...
twice – in
1983 The year 1983 saw both the contested beginning of the Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and d ...
under the captaincy of
Kapil Dev Kapil Dev Ramlal Nikhanj (born 6 January 1959) is a former Indian cricket team, Indian cricketer. He was a fast medium bowler and a hard hitting middle order batsman. Widely regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders to play the game, he is al ...
and in
2011 A series of protests and government overthrows, known as the Arab Spring The Arab Spring ( ar, الربيع العربي) was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab worl ...
under the captaincy of
MS Dhoni Mahendra Singh Dhoni (born 7 July 1981), is a former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing ...

MS Dhoni
. After winning the 2011 World Cup, India became only the third team after
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
and Australia to have won the
World Cup A world cup is a global sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases ...
more than once, and the first cricket team to win the World Cup at home. It also won the
2007 ICC World Twenty20 The 2007 ICC World Twenty20 was the inaugural Twenty20 International cricket world championship, contested in South Africa from 11 to 24 September 2007. Twelve teams took part in the thirteen-day tournament—the ten Test cricket, Test-playing na ...

2007 ICC World Twenty20
and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, under the captaincy of
MS Dhoni Mahendra Singh Dhoni (born 7 July 1981), is a former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing ...

MS Dhoni
. It was also the joint champions of
2002 ICC Champions Trophy The 2002 ICC Champions Trophy was a cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, ...
, along with
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...
. The team has also won the 1985 World Championship of Cricket defeating
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
in the final. They have also won
ACC Asia Cup
ACC Asia Cup
seven times, making them one of the most successful cricket teams in both Asia and the World. They are also one of the only four teams to win all major
ICC ICC may refer to: Buildings * International Commerce Centre, a skyscraper in Hong Kong * International Commercial Center, a skyscraper in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia * International Convention Centre (disambiguation), any of several convention centers * ...
tournaments. The Indian cricket team has rivalries with other Test-playing nations, most notably with Pakistan, the political arch-rival of India and with Australia. However, in recent times, rivalries with South Africa and with England have also gained prominence. As of 6 December 2021, India are ranked first in Tests, fourth in ODIs and second in T20Is by the ICC.
Virat Kohli Virat Kohli (; born 5 November 1988) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...

Virat Kohli
is the current captain of the team in Tests, while
Rohit Sharma Rohit Gurunath Sharma (born 30 April 1987) is an Indian international cricketer who plays for Mumbai cricket team, Mumbai in domestic cricket and captain (cricket), captains Mumbai Indians in the Indian Premier League as a right-handed batsman ...

Rohit Sharma
is the current captain of the team in ODIs and T20Is; the head coach is
Rahul Dravid Rahul Sharad Dravid (; born 11 January 1973) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing te ...

Rahul Dravid
.


History


Early history (1700s–1918)

The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721. In 1848, the
Parsi Parsis () or Parsees ( in the Persian language) are an ethnoreligious group of the Indian subcontinent whose religion is Zoroastrianism. Their ancestors migrated to the region from Iran following the Muslim conquest of Persia in the 7th cent ...

Parsi
community in
Bombay Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay — the official name until 1995) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, ...

Bombay
formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians. After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877. By 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year. In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England cricket team. Some of these, such as
Ranjitsinhji Colonel Colonel (; abbreviated as Col., Col or COL) is a senior military Officer (armed forces), officer rank used in many countries. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations. Historically, in the 17th, 18th and 1 ...

Ranjitsinhji
and KS Duleepsinhji were greatly appreciated by the British and their names went on to be used for the
Ranji Trophy The Ranji Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between multiple teams representing regional and state cricket associations. The competition currently consists of 38 teams, with all 28 States and union territories ...
and
Duleep Trophy The Duleep Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is one of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides ...
– two major first-class tournaments in India. In 1911, an Indian team, captained by
Bhupinder Singh of Patiala Maharaja Sir Bhupinder Singh or Bhuppi GCSI The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdo ...
, went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team.


Test match status (1918–1970)

India was invited to The
Imperial Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world Sports governing body, governing body of cricket. It was founded as the ''Imperial Cricket Conference'' in 1909 by representatives from Australia, England and South Africa. It was renamed a ...
in 1926, and made their debut as a Test playing nation in England in 1932, led by
CK Nayudu Cottari Kanakaiya Nayudu ( (31 October 1895 – 14 November 1967), also known as CK, was the first captain of the Indian cricket team in Test cricket, Test matches. He played first-class cricket regularly till 1958, and returned for one l ...
, who was considered the best Indian batsman at the time. The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at
Lord's Lord's Cricket Ground, commonly known as Lord's, is a cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch ...
in
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
. The team was not strong in their batting at this point and went on to lose by 158 runs. India hosted its first Test series in the year 1933. England was the visiting team that played 2 Tests in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata). The visitors won the series 2–0. The Indian team continued to improve throughout the 1930s and '40s but did not achieve an international victory during this period. In the early 1940s, India didn't play any Test cricket due to the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
. The team's first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against
Sir Donald Bradman Sir Donald George Bradman, Companion of the Order of Australia, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001), nicknamed "The Don", was an Australian international cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradman's ...

Sir Donald Bradman
's Invincibles (a name given to the
Australia national cricket team The Australia men's national cricket team represents Australia in men's international cricket. As the joint oldest team in Test cricket history, playing in the History of Test cricket from 1877 to 1883, first ever Test match in 1877, the team a ...
of that time). It was also the first Test series India played which was not against England. Australia won the five-match series 4–0, with Bradman tormenting the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer. India subsequently played their first Test series at home not against England, but against the
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
in 1948. West Indies won the 5-Test series 1–0. India recorded their first Test victory, in their 24th match, against England at Madras in 1952. Later in the same year, they won their first Test series, which was against
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
. They continued their improvement throughout the early 1950s with a series win against
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...
in 1956. However, they did not win again in the remainder of the decade and lost badly to strong Australian and English sides. On 24 August 1959, India lost by an innings in the Test to complete the only 5–0 whitewash ever inflicted by England. The next decade saw India's reputation develop as a team with a strong record at home. They won their first Test series against England at home in 1961–62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68. The key to India's
bowling Bowling is a Throwing sports#Target sports, target sport and recreational activity in which a player rolls a bowling ball, ball toward Bowling pin, pins (in pin bowling) or another target (in target bowling). The term ''bowling'' usually refe ...
in the 1970s were the
Indian spin quartet The Indian spin quartet is the collective name given to the Indian spin bowlers of the 1960s and 1970s: Erapalli Prasanna and Srinivas Venkataraghavan (both off spinners), Bhagwat Chandrasekhar (a leg spinner), and Bishen Singh Bedi (a lef ...
Bishen Bedi Bishan Singh Bedi (born 25 September 1946) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pit ...
, E.A.S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and
Srinivas Venkataraghavan Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan ( (informally Venkat, born 21 April 1945) is an Indian former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre ...
. This period also saw the emergence of two of India's best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and
Gundappa Viswanath Gundappa Renganath Viswanath (born 12 February 1949) is an Indian former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricke ...
. Indian have had the tendency to support
spin Spin or spinning may refer to: Businesses * or South Pacific Island Network * , an American scooter-sharing system * , a chain of table tennis lounges Computing * , 's tool for formal verification of distributed software systems * , a Mach-like ...
and the spin quartet exploited this to create collapses in opposing batting line-ups. These players were responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of
Ajit Wadekar Ajit Laxman Wadekar (; 1 April 1941 – 15 August 2018) was an Indian international cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which ...
. Gavaskar scored 774 runs in the West Indian series while
Dilip Sardesai Dilip Narayan Sardesai () (8 August 1940 – 2 July 2007) was an Indian international cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which ...
's 112 played a big part in their one Test win.


One-day cricket and ICC Cricket World Cup success (1970–1985)

The advent of
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
(ODI) cricket in 1971 created a new dimension in the cricket world. However, India was not considered strong in ODIs at this point and batsmen such as the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach to batting. India began as a weak team in ODIs and did not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup. Gavaskar infamously blocked his way to 36 not out off 174 balls against England in the first World Cup in 1975, India scored just 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs. In contrast, India fielded a strong team in Test matches and was particularly strong at home, where their combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling spinners were at their best. India set a then Test record in the third Test against the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in 1976, when they chased 403 to win, thanks to 112 from Viswanath. This West Indian defeat is considered to be a watershed in the history of their cricket because it led to captain
Clive Lloyd Sir Clive Hubert Lloyd (born 31 August 1944) is a Guyanese former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, ...
dispensing with spin altogether and relying entirely on a four-man pace attack instead. In November 1976, the team established another record by scoring 524 for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur without any individual batsman scoring a century. There were six fifties, the highest being 70 by
Mohinder Amarnath Mohinder "Jimmy" Amarnath Bhardwaj (born 24 September 1950) is an Indian former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a ...
. This innings was only the eighth instance in Test cricket where all eleven batsmen reached double figures. During the 1980s, India developed a more attack-minded batting line-up with stroke makers such as the wristy
Mohammed Azharuddin Mohammad Azharuddin (born 8 February 1963) also known as Azhar or Azzu among cricket fraternity, is an Indian politician, former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a c ...
,
Dilip Vengsarkar Dilip Balwant Vengsarkar (born 6 April 1956) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams ...
and all-rounders
Kapil Dev Kapil Dev Ramlal Nikhanj (born 6 January 1959) is a former Indian cricket team, Indian cricketer. He was a fast medium bowler and a hard hitting middle order batsman. Widely regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders to play the game, he is al ...
and
Ravi Shastri Ravishankar Jayadritha Shastri (born 27 May 1962) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitc ...

Ravi Shastri
. India won the Cricket World Cup in 1983, defeating the favourites and the two-time defending champions West Indies in the final at Lord's, owing to a strong bowling performance. In spite of this, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. In 1984, India won the
Asia Cup The ACC Asia Cup is a men's One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-a ...

Asia Cup
and in 1985, won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. Apart from this, India remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India's Test series victory in 1986 against England remained the last Test series win by India outside the
subcontinent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents. Ordered from largest in area to smallest, these ...
for the next 19 years. The 1980s saw Gavaskar and Kapil Dev (India's best all-rounder to date) at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10,000 run mark. Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket with 434 wickets. The period was also marked by an unstable leadership, with Gavaskar and Kapil exchanging the captaincy several times.


Late 20th century (1985–2000)

The addition of
Sachin Tendulkar Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (; ; born 24 April 1973) is a former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two o ...

Sachin Tendulkar
and Anil Kumble to the national side in 1989 and 1990 further improved the team. The following year,
Javagal Srinath Javagal Srinath, (, born 31 August 1969) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitc ...
, India's fastest bowler since Amar Singh made his debut. Despite this, during the 1990s, India did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the
subcontinent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents. Ordered from largest in area to smallest, these ...

subcontinent
while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home. After being eliminated by neighbours Sri Lanka on home soil at the 1996 Cricket World Cup semifinal, the team underwent a year of change as
Sourav Ganguly Sourav Chandidas Ganguly (; born 8 July 1972), affectionately known as Dada (meaning ''"elder brother"'' in Bengali language, Bengali), is an Indian cricket administrator, commentator and former national cricket team captain who is the 39th and ...

Sourav Ganguly
and
Rahul Dravid Rahul Sharad Dravid (; born 11 January 1973) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing te ...

Rahul Dravid
, later to become captains of the team, made their debut in the same Test at Lord's. Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late 1996, but after a personal and team form slump, Tendulkar relinquished the captaincy and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of 1998. With the captaincy burden removed, Tendulkar was the world's leading run-scorer in both Tests and ODIs, as India enjoyed a home Test series win over Australia, the best-ranked team in the world. After failing to reach the semifinals at the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Tendulkar was again made captain, and had another poor run, losing 3–0 on a tour of Australia and then 2–0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again. Ganguly was appointed the new captain and the team was further damaged in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman
Ajay Jadeja Ajaysinhji Jadeja ( born 1 February 1971), known as Ajay Jadeja, is an Indian former professional cricketer Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are fie ...

Ajay Jadeja
were implicated in a match-fixing scandal and given life and five years bans respectively. This period was described by the BBC as "the Indian cricket's worst hour". However, the new core – Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly – swore not to let this happen to them again, and lead Indian cricket out of the dark times. And the first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era.


21st century


Success under Ganguly

The Indian team underwent major improvements under the captaincy of
Sourav Ganguly Sourav Chandidas Ganguly (; born 8 July 1972), affectionately known as Dada (meaning ''"elder brother"'' in Bengali language, Bengali), is an Indian cricket administrator, commentator and former national cricket team captain who is the 39th and ...

Sourav Ganguly
and guidance of John Wright, India's first foreign
coach Coach may refer to: Guidance/instruction * Coach (sport), a director of athletes' training and activities ** Coach (basketball) * Coaching, the practice of guiding an individual through a process ** Acting coach, a teacher who trains performers T ...
. India maintained their unbeaten home record against Australia in Test series after victory in 2001. The series was famous for the Kolkata Test match, in which India became only the third team in the history of Test cricket to win a Test match after following on. Australian captain
Steve Waugh Stephen Rodger Waugh (born 2 June 1965) is a Australian former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two o ...
labelled India as the "Final Frontier" because of his side's inability to win a Test series in India. Victory in 2001 against the Australians marked the beginning of a dream run for India under their captain
Sourav Ganguly Sourav Chandidas Ganguly (; born 8 July 1972), affectionately known as Dada (meaning ''"elder brother"'' in Bengali language, Bengali), is an Indian cricket administrator, commentator and former national cricket team captain who is the 39th and ...

Sourav Ganguly
, winning Test matches in
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individ ...
, Sri Lanka, West Indies and England. The England series is also known for India's highest ODI run-chase of 325 runs at Lord's, which came in the Natwest ODI Series final against England. In the same year, India were joint-winners of the
ICC Champions Trophy The ICC Champions Trophy was a One-Day International (ODI) cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch ...
with Sri Lanka and then went to the
2003 Cricket World Cup The 2003 ICC Cricket World Cup was the eighth Cricket World Cup The Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Men's Cricket World Cup) is the international championship The International Championship is a professional Snooker world ranking ...
in South Africa, where they reached the final, only to be beaten by Australia. The 2003–04 season also saw India play out a Test series in Australia, where they drew 1–1 with the world champions, and then win a Test and ODI series in Pakistan. From the 2004 season, India suffered from lack of form and fitness from its older players. A defeat in a home Test series against Australia was followed by an ODI home series defeat against Pakistan followed by a Test series levelled 1–1.
Greg Chappell Gregory Stephen Chappell (born 7 August 1948) is a former cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in ...
took over from John Wright as the coach of the Indian cricket team following the series, but his methods proved controversial and led to a falling out with Ganguly, resulting in Rahul Dravid being made captain. This triggered a revival in the team's fortunes with the emergence of such players as MS Dhoni and
Suresh Raina Suresh Raina (; born 27 November 1986) is a former Indian international cricketer. An aggressive left-handed middle-order batsman and an occasional off-spin bowler, he is also regarded as one of the best fielders in world cricket. He plays f ...

Suresh Raina
, and the coming of age of
Irfan Pathan Irfan Pathan (; born 27 October 1984) is a former Indian cricketer and actor. He was a bowling all rounder and a member of the Indian cricket team that won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 and 2013 ICC 2013 ICC Champions Trophy The 2013 ICC Champio ...

Irfan Pathan
and
Yuvraj Singh Yuvraj Singh (born 12 December 1981) is a former Indian international cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cr ...

Yuvraj Singh
. A thumping home series victory over Sri Lanka in 2005 and a drawn series with South Africa put India at second place in the ICC ODI rankings. Dravid, Tendulkar and
Virender Sehwag Virender Sehwag (born 20 October 1978) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, ...

Virender Sehwag
were selected to play for the ICC World XI in the 2005 " SuperTest" against Australia. A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early 2006, following a loss in the Test series, gave India the world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second. However, a 4–1 series loss in the West Indies in 2006 prompted a slump in India's ODI form, while they achieved a 1–0 victory in the Test series that followed, giving them their first Test series victory in the Caribbean since 1971. India's ODI form slumped further with a disappointing performance in the 2006 Champions Trophy and a drubbing in the ODI series in South Africa. This was followed yet again by an initial good performance in the Tests, giving India its first Test match win in South Africa, although they went on to lose the series 2–1. This Test series was marked by Ganguly's comeback to the Indian team. In December 2006, India played and won its first
Twenty20 Twenty20 (T20) is a shortened game format of cricket. At the professional level, it was introduced by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 for the county cricket, inter-county competition. In a Twenty20 game, the two teams have a ...

Twenty20
international in South Africa, becoming the most recent Test team to play Twenty20 cricket. The beginning of 2007 had seen a revival in the Indian team's ODI fortunes before the
2007 Cricket World Cup The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was the 9th edition of the Cricket World Cup The Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Men's Cricket World Cup) is the international championship The International Championship is a professional Snooker wo ...
. Series victories against the West Indies and Sri Lanka, marked by the comeback of Ganguly and strong form by Tendulkar, as well as the emergence of young players like Robin Uthappa persuaded many pundits to tip India as a contender to win the
2007 Cricket World Cup The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was the 9th edition of the Cricket World Cup The Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Men's Cricket World Cup) is the international championship The International Championship is a professional Snooker wo ...
. However, defeats to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka saw India fail to reach the second round.


Success under Dhoni

After Indian cricket team in England in 2007, winning the Test series against England in August 2007, Dravid stepped down as captain and Dhoni was made captain of the Twenty20 and ODI team. In September 2007, India won the first-ever Twenty20 World Cup held in South Africa, beating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final. In 2007–08, they toured Australia where India lost the highly controversial home Indian cricket team in Australia in 2007-08, Test series 2–1 but managed to win the CB series the following month with a whitewash of Australia. In April 2009, India secured their first Test series win in New Zealand in 41 years. After beating Sri Lanka 2–0 in December 2009, India became the No. 1 Test team in the world. They retained the ranking by drawing series against South Africa and Sri Lanka. In October 2010, India whitewashed Australia 2–0 in the home test series, giving them back-to-back series wins against them. Later that year, India managed to draw the Test series in South Africa at 1–1. On 2 April 2011, India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, thus becoming the third team after West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup twice. India also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil. India were whitewashed 4–0 in an away Test series in England in August 2011, which resulted in England replacing India as the No. 1 ranked Test team. This was followed by another 4–0 whitewash January 2012 in Australia. The disastrous whitewashes saw the retirement of Dravid and VVS Laxman from Test cricket in 2012. Tendulkar retired in November 2013 after his 200th Test match. With Ganguly retired in 2008, this period signalled the end of the fabled middle-order batting line-up India had for over a decade. In 2012, India continued to face a tough transition period as they were beaten 2–1 in a home Test series by England. This was the first time India had been beaten by England at home since English cricket team in India and Sri Lanka in 1984–85, 1984–85. This was followed by a 2–1 loss in the ODI series against Pakistan at home. India were then knocked out in the second round of the 2012 ICC World Twenty20. India also failed to qualify for the 2012 Asia Cup final, which closed out a disappointing year for India. However, 2013 saw a resurgence in Indian cricket.


World-wide limited overs success and success under Kohli

In early 2013, India returned the favor to Australia and whitewashed them 4–0 at home in a Test series. India then beat the Aussies 3–2 in the seven-match ODI series and won the one-off T20I. However, India lost heavily against New Zealand and South Africa away from home, leading to heavy criticism of Indian cricketers for not being able to perform overseas. India defeated England in the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy final and Dhoni became the first captain in history to win the three major ICC trophies, namely the ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC World Twenty20 and ICC Champions Trophy. This was followed by a victory in the West Indies Triangular Series in 2013 consisting of India, West Indies, and Sri Lanka. In 2014, India toured Bangladesh and England. Although they beat the former 2–0 in three ODIs, India was beaten 3–1 in five Test cricket, Test matches by England. This series included a famous win for the Indian team in the second match of the series at Lord's. The Test series was followed by a 3–1 win for the Indians in a five-match ODI series and a loss in a one-off T20 against England. India again failed to reach the final of the
Asia Cup The ACC Asia Cup is a men's One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-a ...

Asia Cup
in 2014. In the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 hosted in Bangladesh, India narrowly missed out on another ICC trophy by losing to Sri Lanka in the final. This tournament saw the rise of
Virat Kohli Virat Kohli (; born 5 November 1988) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...

Virat Kohli
as one of the best-limited overs batsmen in world cricket, as he was adjudged the man of the series. India soon comprehensively beat Sri Lanka and West Indies in the ODI series to cement their position at the top of the ODI rankings. India toured Australia towards the end of 2014 for a 4-match Test series, which is remembered for MS Dhoni's sudden retirement from Test cricket after the end of the second Test. Virat Kohli was appointed as the captain of Team India in Test matches but he was unable to turn the series around and India lost 2–0. Kohli's first series win as captain came away from home in a three-match Test series vs Sri Lanka, which signalled the beginning of an unbeaten Test series run for India. India began to dominate at home in Test matches under new captain Virat Kohli after they comprehensively beat South Africa in 2015. This series was the beginning of an unbeaten streak of 19 Test matches. This series also saw the emergence of Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja as two of the best spinners and all-rounders. This was followed by limited-overs victories over Australia and Sri Lanka away from home. India was knocked out of the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup, 2015 World Cup in the semi-final to eventual winners Australia. India began 2016 by winning the 2016 Asia Cup, remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament. India were favorites to win the 2016 ICC World Twenty20, which was being held at home, but lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies. In 2016, "The Grand Home Season" began for India, including series at home against New Zealand, England, Bangladesh, and Australia. India whitewashed New Zealand to regain the number one ranking in Test cricket after almost 10 years. Before the series against England, MS Dhoni resigned as captain in limited-overs, thus handing the captaincy to Virat Kohli across all formats. India beat England across all three formats, with a notable 4–0 win in the Test series. This was followed by Test series wins against Bangladesh and Australia, which meant India reclaimed the Border Gavaskar Trophy. In the process, India became the third team (after South Africa and Australia) to have won their most recent Test series against all the other Test-playing nations. India holds an unbeaten streak of 8 consecutive Test series wins . India defeated Pakistan in their first game of the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy but lost to the same opponents in the final, the first time they had met at this stage of a tournament since 2007. India beat the West Indies 3–1 in a five-match ODI series in the Caribbean in July 2017, but lost to the same opposition in a one-off T20I. India then toured Sri Lanka and won a three-match Test series 3–0: the first time India had whitewashed a team away from home in a Test series with three games or more. The next year saw mixed results in Tests for India: they lost away series in both South Africa and England but won their away series against Australia; the first time they had won a series there. In-home Tests, they defeated West Indies. They won the ODI leg of the South African tour, followed by the tri-series with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. They lost 2–1 in the ODI series in England, followed by a win at home to West Indies and away to both Australia and New Zealand. At the start of 2019, Australia won a T20I series 2–0, marking Virat Kohli's first home defeat in a T20I series. Australia also won the ODI series 3–2. The Indian team next played 2019 Cricket World Cup where the team finished first in the group stage with 7 wins and only 1 loss which came against host nation England. They made the semis but lost to New Zealand by 18 runs.
Rohit Sharma Rohit Gurunath Sharma (born 30 April 1987) is an Indian international cricketer who plays for Mumbai cricket team, Mumbai in domestic cricket and captain (cricket), captains Mumbai Indians in the Indian Premier League as a right-handed batsman ...

Rohit Sharma
was the highest run-scorer for the team with 648 runs. India next toured West Indies, whitewashing them in T20I, one day Internationals and Test with a record 3–0,2–0 in both ODIS and Tests. Then, India played their matches at home: the first one against South African cricket team in India in 2019-20, South Africa in September–October 2019. The T20I series was drawn and meanwhile, the Test series was won by India. Their next home series was against Bangladeshi cricket team in India in 2019-20, Bangladesh. India played three T20IS and won against Bangladesh 2–1. The third T20I saw Deepak Chahar taking the best bowling figures in T20 internationals and the best bowling figures by an Indian. Next, India played two tests and won easily. The second test was a grand one, hosting India"s first Day-Night Test with Pink Ball in Eden Gardens in Kolkata, and India won the match by 46 runs and the series. This win also made India the first team to get consecutive four victories by an innings. They played their last series of 2019 against West Indian cricket team in India in 2019-20, West Indies and they won the T20I and ODI and series by 2–1 and 3–1. India played its first T201 series of 2020 against Sri Lanka and won easily by a margin of 2–0, next they played three ODIS against Australian cricket team in India in 2019-20, Australia and won by 2–0. After Australia, India played its first away series against Indian cricket team in New Zealand in 2019-20, New Zealand and won a T20I series in New Zealand for the first time by 5–0, but they lost the 3 ODIS by 3–0. They played the Tests as well but lost the series by 2–0. India were supposed to play South African cricket team, South Africa at home in March 2020, but the tour got cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic in India. After eight months, India played against Australia in late 2020. They started the tour by playing 3 ODIs, but lost the series 2–1. Next, they played the T20I series, but this time they won. They also played the Test cricket, Border-Gavaskar Trophy which witnessed one of the most memorable comebacks in Indian cricket. They were 36 all out in the first Test which Australia won by 8 wickets. They won the second Test in Melbourne by 8 wickets, drew out the third Test in Sydney and won the fourth Test in Brisbane by 3 wickets. By winning the Test series in Australia, India became one of the teams alongside South Africa to win two Test series in Australia. India played its first home series of 2021 against England. The matches were played in Chennai, Ahmedabad and Pune. They started the series by losing the first test in Chennai by 227 runs. But they won the next three Test matches by winning the Test series 3–1. Not only they won the Test series, they also qualified for the 2021 ICC World Test Championship Final. They also played the T20I series which they won 3–2 and the ODI series which they won 2–1. Then, India played the 2021 ICC World Test Championship Final against New Zealand cricket team, New Zealand in Southampton in which they lost by 8 wickets. India went on to play an away series against England for five tests. In that, India lead the series 2-1 since the fifth test was cancelled due to the Coronavirus pandemic, COVID-19 pandemic. The fifth test will be scheduled on a later day.


T20 World Cup 2021 and captaincy changes

A month before the 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup, 2021 T20 World Cup, Kohli announced that the tournament would be his last stint as T20I captain. India played their 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup#Group 2, first match vs.
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
, losing by 10 wickets. After that, they suffered an 8-wicket loss against
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...
before beating Afghanistan national cricket team, Afghanistan and Scotland national cricket team, Scotland. With India still in the race for the semi-finals, it needed Afghanistan to beat New Zealand for India to progress. After New Zealand beat Afghanistan, India beat Namibia national cricket team, Namibia by 9 wickets to end their campaign on a high. Soon after,
Rohit Sharma Rohit Gurunath Sharma (born 30 April 1987) is an Indian international cricketer who plays for Mumbai cricket team, Mumbai in domestic cricket and captain (cricket), captains Mumbai Indians in the Indian Premier League as a right-handed batsman ...

Rohit Sharma
was announced as the new T20I captain and Rahul Dravid as the new head coach. With a new captain at the helm and a new coach to guide them, India whitewashed New Zealand in the New Zealand cricket team in India in 2021-22#T20I series, T20I series 3-0, and followed this with a 1-0 victory in the New Zealand cricket team in India in 2021-22#Test series, subsequent Test series. Ahead of the Indian cricket team in South Africa in 2021-22, India away series against South Africa, the selection committee sacked
Virat Kohli Virat Kohli (; born 5 November 1988) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...

Virat Kohli
as India's ODI captain and named Rohit Sharma as India's official limited overs, limited-overs captain.


Governing body

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for the Indian cricket team and first-class cricket in India. The Board has been operating since 1929 and represents India at the
International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law ...
(ICC). It is amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world. It sold media rights for India's matches from 2006 to 2010 for US$612,000,000. It manages the Indian team's sponsorships, its future tours and team selection. The International Cricket Council determines India's upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, the BCCI, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, has often challenged the ICC's program and called for more series between India, Australia and England which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh national cricket team, Bangladesh or
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individ ...
. In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC regarding sponsor (commercial), sponsorships and the legitimacy of the ICC Champions Trophy.


Selection committee

Selection for the Indian cricket team occurs through the BCCI's zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented with one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the Chairman of the selection committee. This has sometimes led to controversy as to whether these selectors are biased towards their zones. The current chairman of the selection committee is Chetan Sharma. Abhay Kuruvilla and Debashis Mohonti are the other members of the selection committee from 24 December 2020.


Sponsorship

The current sponsor of the team is BYJU'S, BYJU's. Oppo, OPPO's sponsorship was to run from 2017 until 2022, but was handed over to BYJU's on 5 September 2019. Previously, the Indian team was sponsored by Star India from 2014 to 2017, Sahara India Pariwar from 2002 to 2013 and ITC Limited (with Wills Navy Cut, Wills and ITC Hotels brands) from 1993 to 2002. Nike, Inc., Nike had been a long time kit supplier to team India having acquired the contract in 2005, with two extensions for a period of five years each time; in 2011 and 2016 respectively. Nike ended its contract in September 2020 and MPL Sports Apparel & Accessories, a subsidiary of online gaming platform Mobile Premier League replaced Nike as the kit manufacturer in October 2020. On 30 August 2019, following the conclusion of the Expression of Interest process for Official Partners’ Rights, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced that Sporta Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (Dream11), LafargeHolcim (ACC Cement and Ambuja Cement) and Hyundai Motor India Ltd. have acquired the Official Partners' Rights for the BCCI International and Domestic matches during 2019–2023. Paytm acquired the title sponsorship for all matches played by the team within India in 2015 and extended the same in 2019 until 2023. Star India and Bharti Airtel, Airtel have been title sponsors previously. Star Sports (Indian TV network), Star Sports Network is the official broadcaster until 2023 for all matches the team plays in India.


International grounds

There are numerous world-renowned cricket stadiums located in India. Most grounds are under the administration of various state cricket boards as opposed to being under the control of the BCCI. The Bombay Gymkhana was the first ground in India to host a full-scale cricket match featuring an Indian cricket team. This was between the Parsis and the Europeans in 1877. The first stadium to host a Test match in India was also the Gymkhana Ground in
Bombay Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay — the official name until 1995) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, ...

Bombay
in 1933, the only Test it ever hosted. The second and third Tests in the 1933 series were hosted at Eden Gardens and Chepauk. The Feroz Shah Kotla Ground in Delhi was the first stadium to host a Test match after independence, a draw against the West Indies in 1948, the first of a 5-Test series. 21 stadiums in India have hosted at least one List of Test cricket grounds, official Test match. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of world-class cricket stadiums in India, with multiple Test venues in Nagpur, Mohali, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad, India, Hyderabad, Indore, Rajkot, Ranchi, Pune, and Dharamshala. India has now the world's largest cricket stadium. The Motera Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Eden Gardens in Kolkata has hosted the most Tests, and also has the second-largest seating capacity of any cricket stadium in the world, being capable of holding more than 1,10,000 spectators. Founded in 1864, it is one of the most historical stadiums in India, having hosted numerous historical and controversial matches. Other major stadiums in India include the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, which was established in 1883 and hosted memorable matches including Anil Kumble's ten wickets in an innings haul against Pakistan. For the last two years, the ground has been undergoing renovation. The Bombay Gymkhana hosted the first Test match in India which is the only Test it has hosted to date. Wankhede Stadium, established in 1974, has a capacity to hold 33,000 spectators and is currently the most popular venue in the city. It has hosted 24 Test matches. It was the unofficial successor of the Brabourne Stadium, which is also located in Mumbai. Mumbai is often considered the cricketing capital of India because of its fans and the talent it produces (see Mumbai cricket team) and thus the stadium regularly hosts major Test matches. The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chepauk is also considered to be an important historical Indian cricket ground, established in the early 1900s, and it was the site of India's first Test victory.


List of venues

''Updated on 25 June 2018''


Captains

Thirty-three men have captained the Indian cricket team in at least one Test match, although only six have led the team in more than 25 matches, and six have captained the team in ODIs but not Tests. India's first captain was
CK Nayudu Cottari Kanakaiya Nayudu ( (31 October 1895 – 14 November 1967), also known as CK, was the first captain of the Indian cricket team in Test cricket, Test matches. He played first-class cricket regularly till 1958, and returned for one l ...
, who led the team in four matches against England: one in England in 1932 and a series of three matches at home in 1933–34. Lala Amarnath, India's fourth captain, led the team in its first Test match after Partition of India, Indian independence. He also captained the side to its first Test victory and first series win, both in a three-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952–53. From 1952 until 1961–62, India had a number of captains such as Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar and Nari Contractor. The Nawab of Pataudi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was the team's captain for 36 Test matches from 1961–62 to 1969–70, returning for another four matches against West Indies in 1974–75. In the early years of his captaincy tenure, the team was whitewashed in the West Indies, England and Australia. However, in 1967–68, Pataudi led India on its maiden New Zealand tour, which ended in India winning the Test series 3–1. In 1970–71,
Ajit Wadekar Ajit Laxman Wadekar (; 1 April 1941 – 15 August 2018) was an Indian international cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which ...
took over the captaincy from Pataudi. Under Wadekar's captaincy, India registered its first Test series win in the West Indies and England. India played its first ODI in 1974, also under his captaincy. India won its first ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East African cricket team, East Africa. Between 1975–76 and 1978–79, Bishen Singh Bedi captained the team in 22 Tests and 4 ODIs, winning 6 Tests and one ODI. Sunil Gavaskar took over as Test and ODI captain in 1978–79, leading India in 47 Test matches and 37 ODIs, winning 9 Tests and 14 ODIs. He was succeeded by
Kapil Dev Kapil Dev Ramlal Nikhanj (born 6 January 1959) is a former Indian cricket team, Indian cricketer. He was a fast medium bowler and a hard hitting middle order batsman. Widely regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders to play the game, he is al ...
in the 1980s, who captained for 34 Test matches, including 4 victories. Kapil Dev led India to victory in 39 of his 74 ODIs in charge, including the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Kapil Dev also captained India's 2–0 Test series victory in England in 1986. Between 1987–88 and 1989–90, India had three captains in
Dilip Vengsarkar Dilip Balwant Vengsarkar (born 6 April 1956) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams ...
,
Ravi Shastri Ravishankar Jayadritha Shastri (born 27 May 1962) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitc ...

Ravi Shastri
and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. Although he started with two centuries in his first series as captain, his captaincy period was turbulent and he lost the job following a disastrous tour of the West Indies in early-1989 and a stand-off with the Indian cricket board (BCCI). India has had six regular Test captains since Mohammad Azharuddin took charge in 1989. Azharuddin led the team in 47 Test matches from 1989–90 to 1998–99, winning 14, and in 174 ODIs, winning 90. He was followed by
Sachin Tendulkar Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (; ; born 24 April 1973) is a former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two o ...

Sachin Tendulkar
, who captained the team in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s; Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful as a captain, winning only 4 Test matches and 23 ODIs. He was replaced as ODI captain by
Ajay Jadeja Ajaysinhji Jadeja ( born 1 February 1971), known as Ajay Jadeja, is an Indian former professional cricketer Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are fie ...

Ajay Jadeja
and then by
Sourav Ganguly Sourav Chandidas Ganguly (; born 8 July 1972), affectionately known as Dada (meaning ''"elder brother"'' in Bengali language, Bengali), is an Indian cricket administrator, commentator and former national cricket team captain who is the 39th and ...

Sourav Ganguly
. Ganguly became the regular captain of the team in both Tests and ODIs in 2000. He remained captain until 2005–06 and became the then most successful Indian captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captaincy, India became the joint-winners of the
2002 ICC Champions Trophy The 2002 ICC Champions Trophy was a cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, ...
with Sri Lanka, and the runners-up of the
2003 Cricket World Cup The 2003 ICC Cricket World Cup was the eighth Cricket World Cup The Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Men's Cricket World Cup) is the international championship The International Championship is a professional Snooker world ranking ...
. India lost only three Tests at home under Ganguly and managed to draw Test series in England and Australia.
Rahul Dravid Rahul Sharad Dravid (; born 11 January 1973) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing te ...

Rahul Dravid
took over as Test captain in 2005. In 2006, he led India to its first Test series victory in the West Indies in more than 30 years. In September 2007, Mahendra Singh Dhoni was named as the new captain of the ODI and T20I teams, after Dravid stepped down from the post. Soon after taking up the captaincy, Dhoni led the team to the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, inaugural World Twenty20 title. Anil Kumble was appointed Test captain in November 2007, but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining in 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as the Test captain, making him the captain in all formats. Under the captaincy of Dhoni, the Indian team held the number one position in the ICC Test Championship, Test rankings for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011), and set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (nine straight wins). Dhoni also led the team to victory in 2011 Cricket World Cup and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. Thus, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies, namely- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013. However, the team performed poorly in away Tests from 2011 to 2014 and Dhoni retired from Test cricket in December 2014, with
Virat Kohli Virat Kohli (; born 5 November 1988) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...

Virat Kohli
being named as the new Test captain. Dhoni resigned as captain of the ODI and T20I teams in January 2017 and Kohli succeeded him at the position. Under Kohli's captaincy, India was unbeaten in 19 Test matches, starting from a 3–0 series win over New Zealand and ending with a 2–1 series win over Australia. India has an unbeaten streak of winning 9 consecutive Test series as of Dec 2017, starting with a 2–1 series win over Sri Lanka. India also became only the third team after Australia and South Africa to have won their most recent Test series simultaneously against all the other Test playing nations. As per winning percentage in Test matches, Kohli is India's most successful Test captain, having won more than 61% of Test matches (at least 2 games). In November 2021,
Rohit Sharma Rohit Gurunath Sharma (born 30 April 1987) is an Indian international cricketer who plays for Mumbai cricket team, Mumbai in domestic cricket and captain (cricket), captains Mumbai Indians in the Indian Premier League as a right-handed batsman ...

Rohit Sharma
was appointed as the new T20I captain of the Indian cricket team after
Virat Kohli Virat Kohli (; born 5 November 1988) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...

Virat Kohli
resigned from the role. Kohli led India one last time in T20Is at the 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup, T20 World Cup 2021. Under Rohit's captaincy, India New Zealand cricket team in India in 2021-22#T20I series, whitewashed New Zealand cricket team, New Zealand at home in the T20I series 3-0. In December 2021,
Rohit Sharma Rohit Gurunath Sharma (born 30 April 1987) is an Indian international cricketer who plays for Mumbai cricket team, Mumbai in domestic cricket and captain (cricket), captains Mumbai Indians in the Indian Premier League as a right-handed batsman ...

Rohit Sharma
was appointed as the new ODI captain of the Indian cricket team, replacing
Virat Kohli Virat Kohli (; born 5 November 1988) is an Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...

Virat Kohli
ahead of their Indian cricket team in South Africa in 2021-22, away series against South Africa.


Squad

This lists all the players who have played for India in the past 12 months and the formats in which they have played as of 2021. In April 2021, BCCI published a new contract list which will be valid from October 2020 till September 2021. ;Key The BCCI awards central contracts to its players, its pay graded according to the importance of the player. Players' salaries are as follows: * Grade A+ – * Grade A – * Grade B – * Grade C – ;Match fees Players also receive a match fee of per Test match, per ODI, and per T20I.


Coaching staff


Selection committee


Tournament history


ICC World Test Championship


Cricket World Cup


ICC T20 World Cup


ICC Champions Trophy


ACC Asia Cup


Other tournaments


Commonwealth Games


World Championship of Cricket


Austral-Asia Cup


Honours

*ICC World Test Championship, World Test Championship: ** Runners-up (1): 2019–2021 ICC World Test Championship, 2019–2021 *ICC Cricket World Cup, World Cup: ** Champions (2):
1983 The year 1983 saw both the contested beginning of the Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and d ...
,
2011 A series of protests and government overthrows, known as the Arab Spring The Arab Spring ( ar, الربيع العربي) was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab worl ...
** Runners-up (1): 2003 Cricket World Cup, 2003 *ICC Men's T20 World Cup, T20 World Cup: ** Champions (1): 2007 ICC World Twenty20, 2007 ** Runners-up (1): 2014 ICC World Twenty20, 2014 *ICC Champions Trophy, Champions Trophy: ** Champions (2): 2002 ICC Champions Trophy, 2002, 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, 2013 ** Runners-up (2): 2000 ICC Champions Trophy, 2000, 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, 2017 *
Asia Cup The ACC Asia Cup is a men's One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-a ...

Asia Cup
: ** Champions (7): 1984 Asia Cup, 1984, 1988 Asia Cup, 1988, 1990–91 Asia Cup, 1990–91, 1995 Asia Cup, 1995, 2010 Asia Cup, 2010, 2016 Asia Cup, 2016, 2018 Asia Cup, 2018 ** Runners-up (3): 1997 Asia Cup, 1997, 2004 Asia Cup, 2004, 2008 Asia Cup, 2008


Individual records

Sachin Tendulkar, who began playing for India as a 16-year-old in 1989 and has since become the most prolific run-scorer in the history of both Test and ODI cricket, holds a large number of national batting records. He holds the record of most appearances in both Tests and ODIs, most runs in both Tests and ODIs and most centuries in Tests and ODIs. The highest score by an Indian is the 319 scored by
Virender Sehwag Virender Sehwag (born 20 October 1978) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, ...

Virender Sehwag
in Chennai. It is the second List of Test cricket triple centuries, triple century in Test cricket by an Indian, the first being a 309 also made by Sehwag although against Pakistan. The team's highest ever score was a 759/7 against England at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai in 2016, while its lowest score was 36 against Australia in 2020. In ODIs, the team's highest score is 418/5 against West Indies at Indore in 2011–12. India score 413–5 in a match against Bermuda cricket team, Bermuda in 2007 Cricket World Cup, 2007 World Cup which is the highest score ever in Cricket World Cup history. In the same match, India set a world record of the highest winning margin in an ODI match of 257 runs. India has also had some very strong bowling figures, with spin bowler Anil Kumble being a member of the elite group of 4 bowlers who have taken 600 Test wickets. In 1999, Anil Kumble emulated Jim Laker to become the second bowler to take all ten wickets in a Test match innings when he took 10 wickets for 74 runs against Pakistan at the Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi. Many of the Indian cricket team's records are also Test cricket records, world records, for example Sachin Tendulkar's century tally (in Tests and ODIs) and run tally (also in both Tests and ODIs). Mahendra Singh Dhoni's 183 not out against Sri Lanka in 2005 is the world record score by a wicketkeeper in ODIs. The Indian cricket team also holds the record sequence of 17 successful run-chases in ODIs, which ended in a dramatic match against the West Indies in May 2006, which India lost by just 1 run when Yuvraj Singh was bowled by Dwayne Bravo's full toss. Sachin Tendulkar was the first batsman to score 200 runs (he was unbeaten on 200 from 147 deliveries including 25x4 and 3x6) in a single ODI innings, on 24 February 2010 against South Africa in Gwalior. On 8 December 2011, this achievement was eclipsed by compatriot Virender Sehwag, who scored 219 runs from 149 deliveries (25x4 , 7x6) versus West Indies in Indore. On 13 November 2014 the record was broken by another Indian opening batsmen,
Rohit Sharma Rohit Gurunath Sharma (born 30 April 1987) is an Indian international cricketer who plays for Mumbai cricket team, Mumbai in domestic cricket and captain (cricket), captains Mumbai Indians in the Indian Premier League as a right-handed batsman ...

Rohit Sharma
, who scored 264 runs from 173 deliveries (33x4 , 9x6) against
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...
in Kolkata. In 2013, MS Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013. In 2014, Virat Kohli became the first cricketer to win back-to-back man of the series awards in the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and 2016 ICC World Twenty20. In 2017, Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest cricketer in history to reach 250 wickets. He and Ravindra Jadeja are considered to be the best bowlers in Test cricket and occupy the top two spots in the rankings for Test bowlers . Virat Kohli became the first captain in history to score double tons in three consecutive series, against New Zealand, England and Bangladesh in 2017.


Statistics


Tests

Test record versus other nations Most test runs for India Most Test wickets for India


One-Day Internationals

ODI record versus other nations Most ODI runs for India Most ODI wickets for India


Twenty20 Internationals

T20I record versus other nations Most T20I runs for India Most T20I wickets for India ''Players in bold text are still active with India.''


Fan following

Owing to the massive Indian diaspora in nations like Australia, England and South Africa, a large Indian fan turnout is expected whenever India plays in each of these nations. There have been a number of official fan groups that have been formed over the years, including the Swami Army or Bharat Army, the Indian equivalent of the Barmy Army, that were very active in their support when India toured Australia in 2003/2004. They are known to attribute a number of popular Indian songs to the cricket team. Fan rivalry and cross-border tension has created a India–Pakistan cricket rivalry, strong rivalry between the Indian and the Pakistani cricket teams. In tours between these two nations, cricket visas are often employed to accommodate for the tens of thousands of fans wishing to cross the border to watch cricket. This intense fan dedication is one of the major causes of the Board of Control for Cricket in India, BCCI's financial success. However, there are downsides to having such a cricket-loving population. Many Indians hold Cricket in India, cricket very close to their hearts and losses are not received well by the Indian population. In some cases, particularly after losses to Pakistan or after a long string of weak performances, there have been reports of player effigy, effigies being burnt in the streets and vandalism of player homes. In many cases, players have come under intense attention from the media for negative reasons, this has been considered one of the reasons for Sourav Ganguly being left out of the Indian team. At times, when a match is surrounded by controversy, it has resulted in a debacle. For example, when India slid to defeat against Australia at Brabourne Stadium in 1969, fans began throwing stones and bottles onto the field as well as setting fire to the stands, before laying siege to the Australian dressing rooms. During the same tour, a stampede occurred at Eden Gardens when tickets were oversold and India fell to another loss; the Australian team bus was later stoned with bricks. A similar event occurred during the 1996 Cricket World Cup, where India were losing the semi-final to Sri Lanka at Eden Gardens. In this case, the fan behaviour was directed at the Indian team in disappointment at their lacklustre performance. An armed guard had to be placed at the home of captain Mohammad Azharuddin to ensure his safety. Indian fans have also been passionate in their following of Sachin Tendulkar, who has been commonly thought of as one of the best batsmen in the world. Glorified for the bulk of his career, a riot occurred in early 1999 in a Test against Pakistan at Eden Gardens after a collision with Pakistani paceman Shoaib Akhtar saw him run out, forcing police to eject spectators and the game to be played in an empty stadium. Although in 2006, a string of low scores resulted in Tendulkar being booed by the Mumbai crowd when he got out against England. Often, fans engage in protests regarding players if they believe that regionalism has affected selection, or because of regional partisan support for local players. In 2005, when Sourav Ganguly was dropped from the team, Ganguly's home town Kolkata erupted in protests. India later played a match against
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
in Kolkata, West Bengal. The Indian team was booed by the crowd who supported South Africa instead of India in response to Ganguly's dropping. Similar regional divisions in India regarding selection have also caused protests against the team, with political activists from the regional Kalinga Kamgar Sena party in Odisha disrupting the arrival of the team in Cuttack for an ODI over the lack of a Odisha cricket team, local player in the team, with one activist manhandling coach
Greg Chappell Gregory Stephen Chappell (born 7 August 1948) is a former cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in ...
. Similar treatment was handed to Sunil Gavaskar in the 1987 Cricket World Cup knockout stage, 1987 World Cup Semi Finals by crowds at Wankhede Stadium when he got bowled by Philip DeFreitas. A successful string of results, victories against arch-rivals Pakistan or victory in major tournaments such as the
World Cup A world cup is a global sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases ...
are greeted with particular ecstasy from the Indian fans.


Forthcoming fixtures

The recent results and forthcoming fixtures of India in international cricket:


See also

*India A cricket team *India women's national cricket team *India under-19 cricket team *BCCI Awards *Indian Premier League, Indian Premier League (IPL) *Ranji Trophy, Paytm Ranji Trophy *Vijay Hazare Trophy, Paytm Vijay Hazare Trophy *Irani Cup, Paytm Irani Trophy *Duleep Trophy, Paytm Duleep Trophy *Mushtaq Ali Trophy, Paytm Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy *Deodhar Trophy, Paytm Deodhar Trophy


Notes


References


Further reading

*


External links

* * {{DEFAULTSORT:India National Cricket Team India in international cricket National cricket teams Laureus World Sports Awards winners Cricket in India National sports teams of India, C