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''Home and Away'' (often abbreviated as ''H&A'') is an Australian television soap opera. It was created by Alan Bateman and commenced broadcast on the Seven Network on 17 January 1988. Bateman came up with the concept of the show during a trip to Kangaroo Point, New South Wales, where he noticed locals were complaining about the construction of a foster home and against the idea of foster children from the city living in the area. The soap opera was initially going to be called ''Refuge'', but the name was changed to the "friendlier" title of ''Home and Away'' once production began. The show premiered with a ninety-minute pilot episode (subsequently in re-runs and on VHS known as ''Home and Away: The Movie''). Since then, each subsequent episode has aired for a duration of twenty-two minutes. ''Home and Away'' has become the second longest-running drama series in Australian television. In Australia, it is currently broadcast from Mondays to Thursdays at 7:00 pm. ''Home and Away'' follows the lives and loves of the residents in Summer Bay, a fictional seaside town in New South Wales. The series initially focused on the Fletcher family – Tom Fletcher (Home and Away), Tom (Roger Oakley) and Pippa Ross, Pippa (Vanessa Downing), and their five foster children, Frank Morgan (Home and Away), Frank Morgan (Alex Papps), Carly Morris (Sharyn Hodgson), Lynn Davenport (Helena Bozich), Steven Matheson (Adam Willits) and Sally Fletcher (Kate Ritchie) – who moved from the city into the Summer Bay#Summer Bay House, Summer Bay House, where they assumed the new job of running the caravan park, and eventually took in a sixth foster child, Bobby Simpson (Home and Away), Bobby Simpson (Nicolle Dickson). ''Home and Away'' was not without controversy. During the first season alone, it featured several adult-themed storylines such as teen pregnancy, rape, drug and alcohol addiction, drug overdose and attempted suicide. The series has dealt with similar storylines over the years which have often exceeded its restricted time slot. Palm Beach, New South Wales, Palm Beach in Sydney's Northern Beaches district has been used as the location for Summer Bay since 1988. The exterior scenes are filmed mainly at Palm Beach, while the interior scenes are filmed at the Australian Technology Park in Redfern, New South Wales, Redfern. ''Home and Away'' has been sold to over eighty countries around the world, making it one of Australia's most successful media exports. In the UK, it and ''Neighbours'', another Australian soap opera, are the most popular of the genre that are filmed internationally, with them both airing on Channel 5 (British TV channel), Channel 5. It is one of the highest-rating shows on RTÉ Television in Ireland and TVNZ 2 in New Zealand. In Australia, ''Home and Away'' is the most awarded program at the Logie Awards, with a total of forty-six wins, including Logie Award for Best Drama Program, Best Drama Program. Some cast members have won several other awards such as the Gold Logie Award for Most Popular Personality on Australian Television, Gold Logie for Most Popular Personality on Australian Television, Logie Award for Most Popular Actor, Silver Logie for Most Popular Actor, and Logie Award for Most Popular Actress, Most Popular Actress. In 2015, ''Home and Away'' was inducted into the Logie Hall of Fame.


Production


Conception

After the Seven Network cancelled their soap opera ''Neighbours'' on 12 July 1985 due to low ratings, rival Network 10 picked it up and turned it into a success. A couple of years later, Seven's head of drama, Alan Bateman, became desperate to get back into the soap market and began to work out how to launch another soap that was not a copy of ''Neighbours''.#refmercado, Mercado 2004, p. 251. While on a trip to Kangaroo Point, New South Wales with his family, Bateman began talking to locals who were "up in arms" over the construction of a foster home for children from the city. Seeing the degree of conflict the "influx of parentless children on a tight-knit community" was having, Bateman came away with the idea for a new serial. He explained "Nobody in the community wanted them to move in and I began to wonder how streetwise city kids would adapt to the new lifestyle. Suddenly I thought, there is my slice of life in a community." Bateman began outlining the storyline and set the serial in the fictional town of Summer Bay. While Seven Network executives were unconvinced by the idea, audience research was positive. The soap opera was initially called ''Refuge'', but the name was changed to the "friendlier" title of ''Home and Away'' once production began. ''Home and Away'' has since become the second-longest drama series in Australian television after ''Neighbours''. In 2002, several former characters such as Frank Morgan (Home and Away), Frank Morgan (Alex Papps), Carly Morris (Sharyn Hodgson), Steven Matheson (Adam Willits), Blake Dean (Home and Away), Blake Dean (Les Hill) and Sophie Simpson (Rebekah Elmaloglou) returned for a special storyline to mark the 150th anniversary of settlement in Summer Bay. The storyline featured a majority of the cast boarded onto a ferry boat for a night cruise; however, a massive storm ruined the celebrations, leading the boat to sink. In July 2005, ''Home and Away'' celebrated its 4000th episode, which saw many former cast members return for Alf Stewart's (Ray Meagher) surprise 60th birthday party. In March 2007, the commercial television industry's Annual Code Complaint Report revealed that ''Home and Away'' was the eighth most complained about show on Australian television, and the only drama series in the top ten complaint list. From 1 July 2005 to 30 June 2006, there were 23 written complaints about the show as viewers thought it was inappropriate for it to be shown in its 7:00 pm timeslot. ''Home and Away'' celebrated its 21st year in production in Sydney on 23 July 2009. The mayor of Sydney's Pittwater Council presented cast members with the key to Palm Beach, New South Wales, Palm Beach, the filming location for the show. At the end of 2011, Cameron Welsh left his role as the series producer. Welsh previously played the character Mitch McColl from 1999 until 2001 and then became the series producer for ''Home and Away'' in 2007. Former ''All Saints (TV series), All Saints'' producer Lucy Addario took over as series producer in January 2012. In August 2012, ''Home and Away''s official Australian Facebook page reached one million likes, becoming the first Australian television show to reach this milestone. The Facebook page was established in November 2009 and is followed by fans mostly in Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom. In 2013, ''Home and Away'' celebrated its 25th anniversary and former cast member Kate Ritchie (Sally Fletcher) returned for a special storyline to coincide with the celebrations. For the first time in the show's history, ''Home and Away'' aired a two-hander episode, featuring only the characters Ricky Sharpe (Home and Away), Ricky Sharpe (Bonnie Sveen) and Darryl Braxton, Darryl "Brax" Braxton (Steve Peacocke), on 14 February 2016.


Location and sets

''Home and Away'' is set in Summer Bay, a fictional seaside town in New South Wales. Locations within the town include the beach, a Summer Bay#Summer Bay High School, high school, Summer Bay#Pier Diner, diner, Summer Bay#The Bait Shop, bait shop, Summer Bay#Summer Bay Auto, garage and a Summer Bay#Summer Bay Surf Life Saving Club, surf club, which includes a gym, small kiosk and an upstairs restaurant. Characters in the show live at surrounding neighbouring areas such as the Summer Bay#Summer Bay House, Summer Bay House, Summer Bay#Summer Bay Caravan Park, Summer Bay Caravan Park, Summer Bay#Beach House, Beach House, Summer Bay#The Farmhouse, The Farmhouse, Summer Bay#Pier Flat, Pier Flat, and Summer Bay#31 Saxon Avenue, Saxon Avenue. Other fictional towns mentioned and sometimes seen in ''Home and Away'' are Summer Bay#Mangrove River, Mangrove River and Summer Bay#Yabbie Creek, Yabbie Creek. Palm Beach, New South Wales, Palm Beach in Sydney's Northern Beaches district has been used as the location for Summer Bay since ''Home and Away'' began in 1988. It has since become popular with tourists, and tours to the show's exterior sets at Palm Beach run throughout the year. The exterior scenes are filmed mainly at Palm Beach and at Fisherman's Beach in Collaroy, New South Wales, Collaroy. Interior scenes for the show were filmed at the Seven Network's Sydney studios in Epping, New South Wales, Epping until 2010. Following the closure of these studios in early 2010, the interiors are now filmed at the Australian Technology Park in Redfern, New South Wales, Redfern. The Jackeroo Ranch estate in Kenthurst, New South Wales, Kenthurst had been used for the exterior sets of the Summer Bay House and Caravan Park since 1988. After both sets were destroyed by a bushfire in December 2002, the caravan park set was moved and filmed at other locations such as the Waratah Park Earth Sanctuary between 2007–09 and the Lane Cove River Tourist Park between 2010–14. A replica of the Summer Bay House was rebuilt in its original location at the Kenthurst estate several years later, with the exception of a grey roof instead of a red one. The caravan park set moved back to the estate after the house was rebuilt, and both exterior sets made their on-screen returns in 2015. The Summer Bay House is the only house to still be seen on screen since the pilot episode. Aside from New South Wales, ''Home and Away'' has also filmed scenes in other states of Australia. In May 2012, the show filmed scenes at Flinders Ranges and Nilpena, Nilpena Station in South Australia for a storyline in which Casey Braxton (Lincoln Younes) was kidnapped and taken to the outback by Kyle Braxton (Nic Westaway). The following month, ''Home and Away'' filmed scenes in Melbourne for the second time. In November 2014, the show filmed an episode at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra with several cast members, as a tribute to the Anzac Centenary. The episode centered around Alf Stewart (Ray Meagher), "who becomes upset with the younger generation's perceived lack of respect for Anzac Day, and joins the school trip to Canberra to visit the War Memorial." Outside of Australia, ''Home and Away'' has filmed in Hawaii once and in the UK three times.


Theme song

The theme song to ''Home and Away'' was written by Mike Perjanik. There have been nine different versions of the theme song used throughout the years. The lyrics remained the same since the show's inception, but a number of verses were gradually cut back over the years due to time restrictions. The original version was sung by Karen Boddington and Mark Williams, and was used from 1988 until mid-1995. Their version was Home and Away (song), released as a single in the UK in 1989 and peaked at number 73 on the UK Singles Chart. A new version performed by Doug Williams and Erana Clark debuted in 1995 and the opening theme was shortened in 1996; this version remained until 1999. From 2000 to 2003, the theme song to ''Home and Away'' was sung by The Robertson Brothers and it was the first version to use only male vocals. A 30-second updated version by The Robertson Brothers was used from 2004 to 2006. In January 2007, a new version was introduced and performed by Israel Cannan, who played the character Wazza in the show. After Cannan's version received many complaints from fans, the Seven Network decided to re-record the theme song in April 2007 with vocals provided by Luke Dolahenty. A shorter, 15-second version sung by Dolahenty and Tarryn Stokes debuted in 2009. From 2010 until 2017, the ''Home and Away'' theme song was not used in the opening titles and was replaced by a short instrumental version. However, Dolahenty and Stokes' version was still used in the closing credits for international broadcasts. In 2018, two new eight-second versions of the theme song made a return to the opening titles after an eight-year absence. One version is sung by a male vocalist, while the other version is sung by a female vocalist; in the opening titles, both only sing the last two lines of the theme: "closer each day, Home and Away". An extended 30-second version by the male vocalist was uploaded onto the ''Home and Away'' website.


Opening titles

The ''Home and Away'' opening titles sequence was initially used to introduce the regular characters in the show. The sequences often featured the characters in couple shots or with family and friends, and showed them in familiar settings around Summer Bay such as the beach. The titles for the show's earlier years featured black brush stroke cutouts around the character shots. 2004 saw ''Home and Away'' introduce new picture frame-style opening titles, with characters shown posing in and out of large picture frames in front of beach backgrounds. In January 2007, the show debuted new opening titles along with a new version of the theme song. The picture-frame style was still used, but this time the titles featured framed pictures of the characters. In 2009, the opening was reduced to 15 seconds and the characters were removed from the titles for the first time in ''Home and Away''s history. They were replaced by a large photo collage showing various locations around Summer Bay. The decision to remove the cast and shorten the titles was due to time restrictions. Since then, many viewers in Australia and the UK have wanted the full-length title sequence with the cast to return. From 2013 until 2017, ''Home and Away'' used a series of five-second opening titles, which changed every week. The various titles mostly featured scenes of bikini-clad women and shirtless men with surfboards at the beach. In 2018, a new series of eight-second titles were introduced along with the return of the show's theme song. The new titles, which currently change during each week, mostly feature two men or two women running down to the ocean for a surf. A 30-second version of the titles, not aired on Australian television, was released on the ''Home and Away'' website.


Cast and characters

When ''Home and Away'' began in 1988, it initially focused on the Fletcher family – Tom Fletcher (Home and Away), Tom (Roger Oakley) and his wife Pippa Ross, Pippa (Vanessa Downing), and their five foster children, Frank Morgan (Home and Away), Frank Morgan (Alex Papps), Carly Morris (Sharyn Hodgson), Steven Matheson (Adam Willits), Lynn Davenport (Helena Bozich), and Sally Fletcher (Kate Ritchie) – who relocated from the city to live in the seaside town of Summer Bay. At the end of the first episode, Tom and Pippa take in their sixth foster child Bobby Simpson (Home and Away), Bobby Simpson (Nicolle Dickson). The Fletchers bought the Summer Bay Caravan Park and moved into the Summer Bay House. They quickly built strong friendships with the locals, Alf Stewart (Ray Meagher), Ailsa Stewart, Ailsa Hogan (Judy Nunn) and Neville McPhee, Neville (Frank Lloyd (actor), Frank Lloyd) and Floss McPhee (Sheila Kennelly), whilst having a bitter rivalry with school headmaster Donald Fisher (Home and Away), Donald Fisher) (Norman Coburn) While ''Home and Away'' features a mix of young cast members and older, more experienced actors, the show has always had a definite youth focus, with the younger characters dominating much of the storylines. Many of the cast have spent several years on ''Home and Away'', including original cast member Judy Nunn who left the series in 2000 after 12 years playing the co-owner of Summer Bay's diner. Other original cast members Norman Coburn played high school principal Donald Fisher until 2003, and Kate Ritchie departed in 2008 after 20 years playing Sally Fletcher. Both Coburn and Ritchie along with Ray Meagher (Alf Stewart) entered the 2002 Guinness World Records as the longest-serving actors in an Australian drama series. Meagher now holds that record alone and he is the only remaining original cast member in the show. Meagher along with Lynne McGranger (Irene Roberts (Home and Away), Irene Roberts), Ada Nicodemou (Leah Patterson-Baker) and Emily Symons (Marilyn Chambers (Home and Away), Marilyn Chambers) are the longest-serving cast members currently in ''Home and Away''. In 2010, Georgie Parker joined the cast of ''Home and Away'' as Alf's daughter Roo Stewart, originally played by Justine Clarke in 1988–89. Alf and Roo are currently the only two original characters in the series.


Celebrity guest appearances

Throughout the years, ''Home and Away'' has featured several guest appearances from celebrities such as John Farnham, Johanna Griggs, Sia (musician), Sia, Michael Palin, Ian Thorpe, Lleyton Hewitt, Paulini, Nick Grimshaw, Eliza Doolittle (singer), Eliza Doolittle, Ed Sheeran, Jessica Mauboy, and Atomic Kitten.


Broadcasting

In Australia, ''Home and Away'' currently airs on the Seven Network at 7:00 pm from Mondays to Thursdays, going up against rival current affairs (news format), current affairs shows ''A Current Affair (Australian TV series), A Current Affair'' on the Nine Network, and ''The Project (Australian TV program), The Project'' on Network Ten. The show is on air for approximately 45 weeks each year. Each season is usually broadcast from January or February and concludes with the season finale in November or December, as it goes off air for two months during the Christmas and New Year period. All aired episodes shown during the week are available to watch on the Seven Network's Seven Network#7plus, 7plus app, as part of their catch up TV service. They are also broadcast in an omnibus edition each Sunday on Seven's digital multichannel 7Two. When the show first began in 1988, it aired at 5:30 pm in Adelaide, at 6:00 pm in Melbourne and Sydney, at 6:30 pm in Brisbane, and at 7:00 pm in Perth. In January 1992, Seven moved ''Home and Away'' to the 7:00 pm timeslot across the network. On 3 November 2009, 7Two began airing repeat episodes of the show from the very beginning at 9:30 am, before moving to 9:00 am. Since its premiere, the show had been screened as a 22-minute episode each weeknight. However, beginning in March 2013, ''Better Homes and Gardens (TV series), Better Homes and Gardens'' began replacing ''Home and Away'' on Fridays to make way for Seven's Friday Night Football (AFL), AFL coverage. Friday's episodes of ''Home and Away'' now air on Thursdays at 7:30 pm. As of 2018, ''Home and Away'' currently airs sporadically, with episodes consisting from four to six episodes per week. Since 2000, ''Home and Away'' has ceased broadcast mid-season for two weeks during the Olympic Games and the episode to screen prior to this is referred to as an 'Olympic cliffhanger'. An Olympic cliffhanger episode would usually involve increased drama, with the peak of a storyline, similar to a season finale episode, and the outcome of the cliffhanger to conclude after the Olympics. Olympic cliffhangers have been broadcast in 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2016, with the exclusion of 2012, as the Seven Network did not have the rights to televise the 2012 Summer Olympics, 2012 London Olympics; it will do so in 2021. In addition to this, ''Home and Away'' took a transmission break on 3 April 2018 in order to broadcast the 2018 Commonwealth Games, and returned on 16 April 2018. On 22 March 2020, ''Home and Away'' suspended production over the Coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19 pandemic. Although it was initially stated that the show would continue filming, the decision was later made to halt production, despite neither the cast or crew testing positive for the virus. Furthermore, on 23 March, the show was removed from Seven's schedule to make way for extended coverage on the pandemic. ''Home and Away'' returned in its usual timeslot on 13 April. On 12 May 2020, it was announced that the show would recommence production following the nine-week suspension. Filming was limited to the studio and resumed on 25 May. Storylines were rewritten to limit close contact between the actors. On 19 July 2021, ''Home and Away'' was forced to postpone scheduled filming due to new COVID-19 lockdown restrictions in Sydney. The show was already on a two-week production break, which was then extended. In early August, a spokesperson for the show confirmed filming had resumed.


International

''Home and Away'' has been sold to over 80 countries around the world, making it one of Australia's successful media exports. In the United Kingdom, ''Home and Away'' was first broadcast on ITV (TV network), ITV from 11 February 1989 until 8 June 2000.(LWT and Yorkshire started the series a day later) ''Home and Away'' was shown twice a day on ITV, with a lunchtime showing and a tea time repeat; many regions aired it at around 5:10 pm, while others at 6:00 pm or even 6:30 pm. The show attracted up to eight million viewers, making it one of ITV's top 30 rated programs. It also helped boost audiences for ITV's regional and early evening news bulletins. During the show's last year on ITV, ''Home and Away'' attracted an average audience of 4.4 million for its early-evening repeats. In February 2000, it was announced that ''Home and Away'' would be moving to rival Channel 5 (British TV channel), Channel 5 after they bought the rights to the show in a £40m auction deal. ITV reportedly offered twice the amount by Channel 5, but the Seven Network in Australia were swayed by Channel 5's commitment to the long-term future of the show in a deal of more than five years. After its run on ITV ended, ''Home and Away'' went off air for 12 months as ITV had an exclusivity clause that prevented any other broadcaster from airing the show for a year. After a delay in screening, ''Home and Away'' made its debut on Channel 5 on 16 July 2001. Channel 5 started airing ''Home and Away'' at 1:15 pm each week day, with a repeat at 6:00 pm. The programme was also repeated on 5Star at 3:00pm and 6.30pm, and shown online via My5, Demand 5. From July 2018, ''Home and Away'' was shown on Viacom's Paramount Network (British TV channel), Paramount Network, a channel operated in the UK by Channel 5. As of June 2021, the UK are six weeks behind Australian transmission, with a new episode airing at 6:30pm on 5Star, before being repeated on Channel 5 the next day. On 24 September 2021, Ofcom approved Channel 5's decision to broadcast their hour-long news show ''5 News'' from 5pm. The change led to ''Neighbours'' being moved to ''Home and Aways usual 6pm slot, with the early evening repeat scrapped altogether. The first look episode continues to air at 6.30pm on 5STAR. In September 2019, the pilot episode and the first 199 episodes of the first season were made available to stream on Amazon Prime Video in the United Kingdom. In November 2019, the final 29 episodes of the first season, and the first 171 episodes of the second season were added to the service, however, they are listed as "Season 2". In Ireland, ''Home and Away'' debuted on Monday, 3 October 1988 (with the pilot episode) as part of RTÉ's re-launch of RTÉ2 as Network 2 - their secondary channel. Episodes screened at 6.30pm and in September 1997, a daytime episode was added at 1.25pm on RTÉ One with the 6.30pm episode becoming the replay of the daytime broadcast. A repeat of the week's episodes is aired on Saturdays and Sundays on RTÉ2. Viewers in the Republic of Ireland are also able to catch up with episodes on the RTÉ Player. ''Home and Away'' is one of RTÉ's most popular drama series. It was the most watched program of 2014 on the RTÉ Player with over four million viewers. As of 2014, the show is available to view in Northern Ireland on 5Star, 5STAR daily at 3.30pm and 6.30pm as well as the regular Channel Five airings. The show is however blocked in Northern Ireland via the SKY platform on both RTE1 and RTE2, yet it remains available on Irish platform Saorview for both Irish and Northern Irish viewers. In New Zealand, ''Home and Away'' is broadcast on TVNZ 2, TVNZ2, with five episodes aired between 3.30pm to 6pm broadcasting every Sunday. A repeat of the episodes are spread across Monday to Friday, shown at 11:00 am each weekday. The TVNZ website also offers viewers the chance to watch episodes online with its OnDemand service. ''Home and Away'' is one of New Zealand's most popular TV series and is one of TVNZ 2's highest-rating shows. The show had previously aired on Three (TV channel), TV3 since 2002, where it consistently won high ratings for TV3 and helped boost audiences for their 6pm news bulletin. However, on 5 July 2013, the show's European distributor Endemol cancelled its agreement with TV3, causing them to lose the right to broadcast ''Home and Away''. In the United States, ''Home and Away'' was first shown briefly on the FX (TV channel), FX cable network from the channel's launch on 1 June 1994 to February 1995. Over two decades later, the show began streaming on the subscription service Hulu on 2 March 2015, beginning with the 2015 season. The service no longer receives new episodes, although the complete twenty-eighth season is currently available.


Storylines

''Home and Away''s storylines have ranged from mild to serious issues throughout its run. While the central stories revolve around fostering children, family and teenage problems, school problems and romances, the series has covered several controversial, adult-themed and detailed issues not suitable for young audiences, despite its early evening time of 7:00 pm. Storylines covered include abortion, accidental death, adultery, adoption, alcoholism, amnesia, amputation, arson, autism, Grief, bereavement, brain aneurysm, bulimia (anorexia), bullying, cancer, cage fighting, career problems, child abuse, cults, cyberbullying, domestic violence, Depression (mood), depression, drink driving, drug overdose, drug trafficking and Recreational drug use, drug use, eating disorders, gambling addiction, health problems, hit-and-runs, HIV/AIDS, HIV and AIDS, homosexuality, Huntington's disease, incest, imprisonment, kidnapping, marriage problems, miscarriage, murder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), paedophilia, False pregnancy, phantom pregnancy, Pole dance, pole dancing, post-natal depression, Posttraumatic stress disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, prostitution, racism, rape, revenge porn, robbery, self-harm, sex, Child grooming#Over the Internet, sexual grooming, shootings (including drive-by shootings), stabbings, stalking, stroke, Sudden infant death syndrome, SIDS (cot death), stillbirth, suicide, surrogacy, teacher-student relationships, teenage pregnancy, terminal illness, and witness protection. The show has also featured many natural disaster storylines, including a cyclone, The Great Storm (Home and Away), storm, flood, landslide, earthquake, and Bushfires in Australia, bushfires. There have also been several storylines involving car, bus, plane and boating accidents. Furthermore, in addition to the show featuring scenes of moderate to strong violence in past episodes, the special episode, ''Home and Away: All or Nothing'', which became available for online streaming in January 2017, was intended for "adult-only" viewing as it was described as the most violent episode of the entire series, as it contains scenes of strong violence.


Rating and restrictions

Since 1988, ''Home and Away'' has dealt with some controversial issues, despite being broadcast in a G-rated time block. Since 2008, every subsequent episode has been broadcast under the PG classification and often continues to exceed the rating. 7Two aired the repeated early episodes under the PG rating, as do the streaming service 7plus. In New Zealand, the show was originally aired on TV3 (New Zealand), TV3 in an edited 5:30 pm timeslot under the G classification. The series now airs uncut at 6:30 pm under the PG classification. In the UK, when the show aired on ITV, it was heavily edited for content that was deemed to be unsuitable for pre watershed viewing. Many episodes were edited to the point that some continuing storylines would not have made sense to UK viewers, with some episodes lasting barely 15 minutes to fit the timeslot. One episode was completely dropped, the school siege, and the 1996 season finale was very heavily edited. The closing credits were also dropped from around 1994 for timing reasons, leaving only the final scene in the closing credits, which meant that UK viewers never got to see the closing credits to the show at all. This all changed when the show moved to Channel Five in 2001, although very minor edits to some scenes remain, and the closing credits to the episodes were also reinstated. Home and Away is rated PG in Ireland and has always aired with no edits.


Controversies

During the show's first season in 1988, a rape storyline for the character Carly Morris (Sharyn Hodgson) outraged the public and a protest erupted, as viewers deemed it an inappropriate subject to be covering in an early evening time slot. In March 2007, the commercial television industry's Annual Code Complaint Report revealed that ''Home and Away'' was the eighth most complained about show on Australian television, and the only drama series in the top ten complaint list. From 1 July 2005 to 30 June 2006, there were 23 written complaints about the show as viewers thought it was inappropriate for it to be shown in its 7:00 pm timeslot. In 2007, the show breached broadcasting rules when they aired a number of episodes featuring Martha MacKenzie (Jodi Gordon) involved with pole-dancing in the G classification, as the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) said that these episodes should have been rated PG as they contained sexual scenes and references. In March 2009, it was alleged that Seven had agreed to censor a then-upcoming lesbian kiss scene between Charlie Buckton (Esther Anderson (Australian actress), Esther Anderson) and Joey Collins (Kate Bell (Australian actress), Kate Bell), after receiving many complaints from conservative groups and mothers who did not want their children exposed to same-sex relationships in a family show. Seven's head of creative drama, Bevan Lee, later confirmed that the censorship allegations were in fact false and that the scene would still go to air as planned. A 2010 episode which featured Martha McKenzie engaging in a sexual scene with Liam Murphy (Axle Whitehead) on a kitchen table was deemed "too raunchy" by a television watchdog in New Zealand, where, at the time, the series was aired in a G-rated timeslot.


Reception


Popularity and viewership

The launch of ''Home and Away'' in 1988 was hoped to help boost the Seven Network's early evening ratings which had been underperforming in previous years. However, the show struggled to attract high ratings, particularly when compared to rival soap opera ''Neighbours'', which was a huge ratings success at the time. By the end of 1988, ''Home and Away''s ratings had improved. In January 1992, when ''Neighbours high-rating era was over, Seven moved ''Home and Away'' to the 7:00 pm timeslot, putting both shows up against each other. This caused Network Ten to move ''Neighbours'' to the 6.30 pm timeslot two months later. During the early 2000s, ''Home and Away'' was averaging 1.3 million viewers and in 2007, viewing figures rose to 1.4 million. However, by the end of the decade, the ratings had dropped to an average of 1.1 million viewers. During the early 2010s, viewing figures had further decreased to between 800,000 and 1 million an episode. In 2012, ''Home and Away'' was averaging 981,000 viewers, down from 1.039 million in 2011 and 1.021 million in 2010. In 2015, the show began going through a serious ratings decline. A July 2015 report revealed that the ratings were down 14% compared to the first six months of 2014, which translates to about 140,000 fewer viewers per episode. On 6 July 2015, ''Home and Away'' ranked 16th in OzTAM's overnight ratings with 750,000 viewers. The following night, the show fell to an even lower figure of 701,000 viewers. A writer for the Australian Associated Press stated that one of the reasons for the ratings decline could be "the viewing habits of Gen Y, which the show is aimed at, have changed dramatically in recent times thanks to the launch of streaming services, Netflix, Stan (company), Stan and Presto (company), Presto. The exact age demographic that ''Home and Away'' targets are the same people who do not subscribe to appointment viewing. They prefer to watch shows when they want and don't want to be dictated to by the commercial networks." A Seven spokeswoman commented that ''Home and Away'' was still performing well on digital and social platforms and that the overnight ratings were not the only measure of the show's success. In 2019, ''Home and Away'' returned at the later date of 18 February, after the summer series of cricket concluded. Pippa Doyle of 96fm (Perth radio station), 96FM reported that declining ratings in 2018 and Seven's decision to push the show back had created doubt about its future on the network, and whether or not a timeslot change or a move to a multichannel was likely. The season returned to a series low of 620,000 viewers and ranked 13th for the night. The following night, the viewing figure fell to 581,000 and the show ranked 10th for the night. The first triple bill on 21 February pulled in 577,000 viewers and ranked 8th for the evening. The ratings for the triple bill episodes continued to fall from 524,000 to 414,000 viewers, and on 28 March 2019, the triple bill pulled in a new series low of 383,000 viewers for a five city metro figure and ranked 14th for the night. April 2019 saw a slight rise in the viewing figures; the first episode of the month drew in 740,000 viewers and ranked 9th for that night. The triple bill episodes continued to receive low ratings until the Thursday, 9 May episodes, which improved with 617,000 viewers. The following week's triple bill saw a further rise with 627,000 viewers, while the episodes broadcast on 30 May received 638,000 viewers and ranked at 7th place for the evening. The 2020 season return saw a series low for a premiere with only 548,000 tuning in. The opening episode of the 2021 season saw a rating of 597,000. The 2021 season has seen an increase in ratings with most episodes attracting over 600,000. June saw a rise in viewers when the month peaked at 650,000 for episode which aired on 22 June, while in July, the show continues to receive steady ratings, and again saw a further rise in ratings with 657,000 viewers tuning in on 7 July. The 2021 Olympic return episode, which aired on 9 August 2021, attracted the highest rating in over two years, with 710,000 viewers, with an even higher increase of 733,000 viewers tuning in on 10 August.


Awards and nominations

''Home and Away'' has received many awards and nominations throughout the years. The show has won 46 Logie Awards from 153 nominations, making it the most awarded program in Logie history. In 2015, ''Home and Away'' was inducted into the Logie Hall of Fame. The show has also won twelve AWGIE Awards, Australian Writers' Guild Awards and five Australian Directors Guild Awards.


Merchandise and spin-offs

Since 1988, ''Home and Away'' has generated a range of merchandise, including books, magazines, VHS tapes, DVDs and soundtracks. Various annuals and books about the show and its cast and characters were released in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Between 2003 and 2005, several fictional books by Leon F. Saunders and Jane Anderson were released and based on characters from ''Home and Away''. Episodes of the show have been released on several VHS and DVDs. ''Home and Away: The Movie'' was the first VHS released in 1989 and contained the 90-minute pilot episode. Another VHS tape, ''Home and Away: The Official Summer Bay Special'', was released in 1996. It celebrated 2,000 episodes of the show and looked back at memorable moments throughout its earlier years. ''Home and Away: Secrets and the City'' and ''Home and Away: Hearts Divided'' were the first DVDs released in October 2003, and both contained exclusive episodes that were never aired on television. Two further DVDs, ''Home and Away: Romances'' and ''Home and Away: Weddings'' were released in November 2005 and March 2006, respectively, and featured clips from the most popular romances and weddings in the series' history. ''Romances'' featured the pilot episode, while ''Weddings'' featured two episodes containing Leah and Vinnie's wedding as a bonus feature. Four soundtrack albums were released between 1996 and 2003 that featured music used on the show as well songs from some of the cast members. ''Home and Away'' has also produced several spin-off episodes. ''headLand'' was a spin-off series focusing on a university. It ran from November 2005 until January 2006, when it was cancelled due to low ratings. In 2013, the show launched their first webisode series titled ''Home and Away Extras'', which introduced new characters Andy Barrett, Andy (Tai Hara) and Josh Barrett (Home and Away), Josh Barrett (Jackson Gallagher) before they appeared on-air. The four-part websisode series was released on the show's Yahoo!7 website from 7 August 2013. On 19 August 2015, it was announced that former cast members Dan Ewing (Heath Braxton) and Lisa Gormley (Bianca Scott) would be returning for a special spin-off episode titled ''Home and Away: An Eye for an Eye''. The episode was commissioned specially for the local streaming service Presto and did not air on the Seven Network. It centred around the Braxton family and was a feature-length episode running for over an hour. ''Home and Away: An Eye for an Eye'' was made available to watch on Presto from 9 December 2015. Following the success of ''Home and Away: An Eye for An Eye'', it was announced on 6 May 2016 that two more feature-length episodes had been commissioned. The first episode became available on 19 December 2016 and is titled ''Home and Away: Revenge''. The second special, ''Home and Away: All or Nothing'', became available for viewing on 26 January 2017. From 25 November 2019, a web television series called ''Home and Away: Christmas in Summer Bay'' will begin airing weekly on video on demand and catch up TV service My5 in the UK, as the show takes its annual Christmas break. The series is presented by former ''Home and Away'' actor Jason Smith (actor), Jason Smith, who interviews the show's cast members at various Summer Bay locations. The series also features clips from past episodes and behind-the-scenes footage. The series consisted of six episodes – "The Summer Bay House", "The Morgan Family", "The Mangrove River Gang", "A Surf Club Celebration", "A ''Home and Away'' Family" and "''Home and Away'' in 2020: New Decade, New Attitude".


See also

* List of longest-running Australian television series


References


Further reading

*


External links

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