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The East European Plain (also called the Russian Plain, "Extending from eastern Poland through the entire European Russia to the Ural Mountaina, the ''East European Plain'' encompasses all of the Baltic states and Belarus, nearly all of Ukraine, and much of the European portion of Russia and reaches north into Finland." ''— Britannica''. or historically the Sarmatic Plain) is a vast interior plain extending east of the North European Plain, and comprising several plateaus stretching roughly from 25 degree (angle), degrees longitude eastward. It includes the westernmost Volhynian-Podolian Upland, the Central Russian Upland, and on the eastern border, encompasses the Volga Upland. The plain includes also a series of major drainage basin, river basins such as the Dnieper River, Dnepr Basin, the Oka–Don Lowland, and the Volga River, Volga Basin. Along the southernmost point of the East European Plain are the Caucasus Mountains, Caucasus and Crimean Mountains, Crimean mountain ranges. Together with the North European Plain (covering much of north-western France, Netherlands, Germany to north-eastern Poland), and covering the Baltics (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), Moldova, south-eastern Romania, and its most southern expansion – the Danubian Plain (Bulgaria), Danubian Plain in Northern Bulgaria, (including Ludogorie and Southern Dobruja), it constitutes the majority of the Great European Plain (European Plain), the greatest mountain-free part of the European landscape. The East European Plain covers all or most of the Baltic states, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, and European Russia. The plain spans approximately and averages about in elevation. The highest point of the plain, located in the Valdai Hills, is .


Boundaries

* West: Baltic Sea, Oder and Lusatian Neisse, Sudetenland, Carpathians (Outer Western Carpathians, Outer Eastern Carpathians, Southern Carpathians, Serbian Carpathians). * South: Balkan Mountains, Black Sea, Crimean mountains, Crimean Mountains, Caucasus, The Caspian Sea and the Sea of Azov, Ustyurt Plateau. * East: Ural Mountains and Turan Depression. * North: White Sea, Barents Sea, Kara Sea, Scandinavian Mountains.


Regional subdivisions

*Geography of Belarus, Belarus **Belarusian Ridge **Polesia (Belarus, Ukraine) *Geography of Bulgaria, Bulgaria **Danubian Plain (Bulgaria) (southern portion of the Lower Danubian Plane) *Geography of Estonia, Estonia *Geography of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan (European part) *Geography of Latvia, Latvia *Geography of Lithuania, Lithuania *Geography of Poland, Poland **Roztocze **Mazovian Lowland *Geography of Romania, Romania / Geography of Moldova, Moldova **Moldavian Plateau (Moldova, Romania, Ukraine) **Wallachian Plain (northern portion of the Lower Danubian Plane) *Geography of Russia, Russia (European part) **Timan Ridge **Northern Ridge (Uvaly) **Mari Depression **Valdai Hills **Smolensk–Moscow Upland (Russia, Belarus) **Central Russian Upland (Russia, Ukraine) **Oka–Don Lowland **Volga Upland ** Obshchy Syrt **Caspian Depression *Geography of Ukraine, Ukraine **Sian Lowland **Volhynian-Podolian Upland ***Podolian Upland, Podolian Plateau **Polesian Lowland **Dnieper Upland ***Kyiv Mountains **Central Russian Upland, Central Upland **Black Sea Lowland **Azov Upland / Donets Ridge


Other major landforms

The following major landform features are within the East European Plain (listed generally from north to south). * North Russian Lowlands * Baltic Uplands * Belarusian Ridge * Kuma–Manych Depression * Bugulma-Belebey Upland * Vyatskie Uvaly


Largest rivers

*Volga River *Danube *Ural River *Vistula *Dnieper River *Don River (Russia) *Pechora River *Kama River *Oka River *Belaya River (Kama), Belaya River *Daugava River, Daugava *Neman River *Pregolya River


See also

*West Siberian Plain, the other major plain of Russia *Explorers of Siberia *Great Russian Regions


References


External links


East European Plain
at ''Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia''
East European Plain
at ''Great Soviet Encyclopedia'' {{Authority control East European Plain, European Plain Plains of Europe Eastern Europe, Plain