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is a 1988 Japanese animated post-apocalyptic cyberpunk action film directed by Katsuhiro Otomo, produced by Ryōhei Suzuki and Shunzō Katō, and written by Otomo and Izo Hashimoto, based on Otomo's 1982 manga of the same name. The film had a production budget of (), making it the most expensive anime film at the time (until it was surpassed a year later by ''Kiki's Delivery Service''). Set in a dystopian 2019, ''Akira'' tells the story of Shōtarō Kaneda, a leader of a biker gang whose childhood friend, Tetsuo Shima, acquires incredible telekinetic abilities after a motorcycle accident, eventually threatening an entire military complex amid chaos and rebellion in the sprawling futuristic metropolis of Neo-Tokyo. While most of the character designs and settings were adapted from the manga, the plot differs considerably and does not include much of the last half of the manga. The soundtrack, which draws heavily from traditional Indonesian gamelan as well as Japanese noh music, was composed by Shōji Yamashiro and performed by Geinoh Yamashirogumi. ''Akira'' premiered in Japan on July 16, 1988 by Toho. It was released the following year in the United States by pioneering animation distributor Streamline Pictures. It garnered an international cult following after various theatrical and VHS releases, eventually earning over $80million worldwide in home video sales. It is widely regarded by critics as one of the greatest animated and science fiction films ever made, as well as a landmark in Japanese animation. It is also a pivotal film in the cyberpunk genre, particularly the Japanese cyberpunk subgenre, as well as adult animation. The film had a significant impact on popular culture worldwide, paving the way for the growth of anime and Japanese popular culture in the Western world as well as influencing numerous works in animation, comics, film, music, television and video games.


Plot


In 2019, Neo-Tokyo is plagued by corruption, anti-government protests, terrorism, and gang violence. During a violent protest, the hot-headed Shōtarō Kaneda leads his vigilante bōsōzoku gang, the Capsules, against the rival Clown gang. Kaneda's best friend Tetsuo Shima inadvertently crashes his motorcycle into Takashi, an esper who escaped from a government laboratory with the aid of a resistance organization. Assisted by fellow esper Masaru, Japan Self-Defense Forces Colonel Shikishima recaptures Takashi, takes Tetsuo away, and arrests the Capsules. While being interrogated by the police, Kaneda meets Kei, an activist within the resistance movement, and tricks the authorities into releasing her and his gang. At a secret government facility, Shikishima and his head of research Doctor Ōnishi discover that Tetsuo possesses powerful psychic abilities similar to Akira, the esper responsible for the singularity that destroyed Tokyo in 1988. Esper Kiyoko forewarns Shikishima of Neo-Tokyo's impending destruction, but the city's parliament dismisses Shikishima's concerns, leading him to consider killing Tetsuo to prevent another cataclysm. Meanwhile, Tetsuo escapes from the hospital, steals Kaneda's motorcycle, and prepares to run away from Neo-Tokyo with his girlfriend Kaori, but they are ambushed by the Clowns. The Capsules save Tetsuo and Kaori, but Tetsuo begins suffering intense headaches and hallucinations and is taken back to the hospital. After overhearing their plan to rescue Tetsuo and the other espers, Kaneda joins Kei's resistance cell. At the hospital, the espers try to assassinate Tetsuo via hallucinations, but the attempt is thwarted. He then searches for them in a fit of rage, easily killing any orderlies and militiamen blocking his path. The resistance group infiltrates the hospital, and Kiyoko draws Kei and Kaneda into Shikishima and the espers' futile attempts to stop Tetsuo. Kiyoko tells Tetsuo that Akira, located in cryonic storage beneath the Olympic Stadium's construction site, could help Tetsuo with his powers. After rejecting everyone around him, especially Kaneda, Tetsuo escapes the hospital and hunts for Akira. Kei, used by Kiyoko as a medium to stop Tetsuo, breaks her and Kaneda out of military custody. Shikishima stages a coup d'état against Neo-Tokyo's government and directs all of its military forces to destroy Tetsuo at any cost. At the Capsules' former hangout Harukiya Bar, Tetsuo confronts gangmates Yamagata and Kai over Kaneda's bike and kills Yamagata after his protest. Kai relays the news to Kaneda, who vows to avenge his friend, while Takashi brings Kei away. Tetsuo, mistaken for Akira by cultists, rampages through Neo-Tokyo, arriving at Akira's cryogenic storage dewar under the stadium. Kei fights Tetsuo, but he defeats her and exhumes Akira, only to find that his remains have been sealed in jars for scientific research. Kaneda duels Tetsuo with a laser rifle, and Shikishima fires an orbital weapon at him. While the latter destroys his arm, neither is able to stop him. Shikishima and Kaori approach the stadium, where Tetsuo, now with a robotic arm, is in great pain and losing control over his powers. Kaori attempts to restrain Tetsuo while Shikishima offers to return him to the hospital, heal his injuries, and help control his abilities. Kaneda arrives and continues his duel with Tetsuo who, weakened from the missing arm, mutates into a gigantic mass of flesh, engulfing Kaneda and killing Kaori. As the mass grows, Akira awakens to create a singularity, drawing Tetsuo and Kaneda into another dimension. After teleporting Shikishima to a safe distance, the espers agree to rescue Kaneda, knowing that they will not be able to return to Neo-Tokyo. In the singularity, Kaneda experiences Tetsuo and the espers' childhoods, including he and Tetsuo's friendship and the espers' psychic training before Tokyo's destruction. The espers return Kaneda to Neo-Tokyo, informing him that Akira will take Tetsuo to safety and that Kei is developing psychic powers. After witnessing the birth of a universe, Ōnishi's laboratory crushes him to death. After consuming most of Neo-Tokyo, the singularity disappears and water floods the crater left in its place. Kaneda, mourning the loss of Tetsuo, discovers that Kei and Kai have survived, and they ride off into the ruins while Shikishima watches the sunrise. Tetsuo humbly introduces himself at another unspecified level of existence and triggers a Big Bang.


Voice cast





Production


While working on the ''Akira'' manga, Katsuhiro Otomo did not intend to adapt the series; however, he became "very intrigued" when the offer to develop his work for the screen was put before him. He agreed to an anime film adaptation of the series on the grounds that he retained creative control of the project — this insistence was based on his experiences working on ''Harmagedon''. The Akira Committee was the name given to a partnership of several major Japanese entertainment companies brought together to realize production of an ''Akira'' film. The group's assembly was necessitated by the unconventionally high budget of around ¥1,100,000,000, intended to achieve the desired epic standard equal to Otomo's over 2,000-page manga tale. The committee consisted of Kodansha, Mainichi Broadcasting System, Bandai, Hakuhodo, Toho, Laserdisc Corporation and Sumitomo Corporation who all forwarded money and promotion towards the film. The animation for the film was provided for by animation producers, Tokyo Movie Shinsha (now TMS Entertainment). ''Akira'' had pre-scored dialogue (wherein the dialogue is recorded before the film starts production and the movements of the characters' lips are animated to match it; a first for an anime production and extremely unusual even today for an anime, although the voice actors did perform with the aid of animatics), and super-fluid motion as realized in the film's more than 160,000 animation cels.Production insights, Akira #3 (Epic Comics, 1988). Computer-generated imagery was also used in the film (created by High-Tech Lab. Japan Inc. and the cooperative companies for computer graphics, Sumisho Electronic Systems, Inc. and Wavefront Technologies), primarily to animate the pattern indicator used by Doctor Ōnishi, but it was additionally used to plot the paths of falling objects, model parallax effects on backgrounds, and tweak lighting and lens flares. Unlike its live-action predecessors, ''Akira'' also had the budget to show a fully realized futuristic Tokyo. The film's production budget was (). It was the most expensive anime film up until then, surpassing the previous record of the Hayao Miyazaki and Studio Ghibli production ''Laputa: Castle in the Sky'' (1986) which had cost , before ''Akira'' was itself surpassed a year later by the Miyazaki and Ghibli production ''Kiki's Delivery Service'' (1989) which cost . The teaser trailer for ''Akira'' was released in 1987. The film's main production was completed in 1987, with sound recording and mixing performed in early 1988. It was released in 1988, two years before the manga officially ended in 1990. Otomo is claimed to have filled 2,000 pages of notebooks, containing various ideas and character designs for the film, but the final storyboard consisted of a trimmed-down 738 pages. He had great difficulty completing the manga; Otomo has stated that the inspiration for its conclusion arose from a conversation that he had with Alejandro Jodorowsky in 1990. He later recalled that the film project had to begin with the writing of an ending that would bring suitable closure to major characters, storylines, and themes without being extraordinarily lengthy, so that he could know in reverse order which manga elements would make the cut into the anime and thus suitably resolve the manga's various elements into a lean, two-hour story. Otomo is a big fan of ''Tetsujin 28-go''. As a result, his naming conventions match the characters featured in ''Tetsujin 28-go'': Kaneda shares his name with the protagonist of ''Tetsujin 28-go''; Colonel Shikishima shares his name with Professor Shikishima of ''Tetsujin 28-go'', while Tetsuo is named after Shikishima's son Tetsuo Shikishima; ''Akira''s Ryūsaku is named after Ryūsaku Murasame. In addition, Takashi has a "26" tattooed on his hand which closely resembles the font used in ''Tetsujin 28-go''. The namesake of the series, ''Akira'', is the 28th in a line of psychics that the government has developed, the same number as ''Tetsujin-28''. One of the film's key animators was Makiko Futaki; she went on to become a lead animator for Studio Ghibli films such as ''Kiki's Delivery Service'', ''Princess Mononoke'' (1997) and ''Howl’s Moving Castle'' (2004), before passing away in 2016. Another key animator who worked on ''Akira'' was former animator Yoshiji Kigami; he animated several entire scenes in ''Akira'', such as the action scene in the sewers. He later joined Kyoto Animation, and died in the 2019 Kyoto Animation arson attack at the age of 61.


Releases





Box office


''Akira'' was released by Toho on July 16, 1988. At the Japanese box office, it was the sixth highest-grossing Japanese film of the year, earning a distribution income (distributor rentals) of in 1988. This made it a moderate success at the Japanese box office. By 2000, the film had earned a Japanese distribution rental income of . The film's 4K remaster received a limited Japanese IMAX re-release in May 2020. Fledgling North American distribution company Streamline Pictures soon acquired an existing English-language rendition created by Electric Media Inc. for Kodansha, which saw limited release in North American theaters on December 25, 1989. Streamline became the film's distributor, with Carl Macek leading the distribution. Upon its initial limited US release, ''Akira'' grossed about in the United States. In the United Kingdom, ''Akira'' was theatrically released by Island Visual Arts on January 25, 1991. It debuted at number three on the UK box office charts, grossing in its opening weekend. It was fourth place the following week, was in the top ten for four weeks, and in the top 12 for seven weeks, grossing £878,695 by early March 1991. It was re-released on July 13, 2013, celebrating the 25th anniversary of the film, and again on September 21, 2016. In Australia, ''Akira'' was theatrically released by Ronin Films. In Canada, the Streamline dub was released by Lionsgate (at the time known as C/FP Distribution), who would eventually become Manga Entertainment's owner through their media operating unit Starz Distribution, in 1990. In 2001, Pioneer released a new English dub which was produced by Animaze and ZRO Limit Productions and was presented in select theaters from March through December 2001. In 2020, Manga Entertainment announced they would be releasing Akira in 4K and IMAX in the UK. Cineworld partook in this release. The re-release in October 2020 debuted at number three on the UK box office charts, grossing £201,124 in its opening weekend. The restored 4K version was shown in North American movie theaters on September 24, 2020, and for multiple days in select IMAX auditoriums and other cinemas worldwide.


Home media


VHS releases included the initial Streamline Video offering (May 1991), which received later wider distribution by Orion Home Video (September 1993). In the United Kingdom, ''Akira'' was released on video by Island World Communications in 1991. By 1993, the film had sold 60,000 tapes in the United Kingdom, 100,000 tapes in Europe, and 100,000 tapes in the United States. The success of this release led to the creation of Manga Entertainment, who later took over the release. The original VHS release of ''Akira'' started up Manga Entertainment Australia and VHS distribution was handled by Ronin Films and PolyGram until 1994 when Siren Entertainment took over all of Manga Entertainment Australia's distribution including ''Akira'' under a special license from PolyGram, who handled Island's video distribution. ''Akira'' was re-released on video in 1994, and again on DVD in 2001 and distributed by Madman Entertainment and The AV Channel. Pioneer Entertainment issued a DVD and a VHS with a new English dub (the dub produced by Animaze) in 2001. This was one of the few releases from Geneon to feature THX-certified audio and video. In 2002, Manga released a two-disc DVD featuring the new Pioneer/Animaze English dub followed in 2004 by another two-disc set containing the original Japanese as well as both the Streamline and Pioneer/Animaze dubs. This version did not contain standard English subtitles, only closed captioning subtitles. In 2005, Manga Entertainment and Boulevard UMD released ''Akira'' on UMD for the Sony PSP in the United Kingdom using the original Streamline dub. In 1992, video-distribution company the Criterion Collection, which specializes in licensing "important classic and contemporary films", released a LaserDisc edition of ''Akira''. The release is notable in that ''Akira'' is the first animated film to be released by Criterion and for more than twenty years their sole animated film to be released until their 2014 Blu-ray/DVD release of ''Fantastic Mr. Fox'' (2009). A Blu-ray disc edition of the film was released on February 24, 2009 in North America by Bandai Entertainment under the Honneamise label. A Blu-ray edition of ''Akira'' was subsequently released in Australia by Madman Entertainment under exclusive license from Manga Entertainment UK and Kodansha. Madman has recently released a DVD/Blu-ray combo which license is separate from the standalone Blu-ray release because instead of the DVD version being the Manga Video UK version, it uses Madman/Manga's 2001 Special Edition DVD release which is licensed from Manga UK. The Blu-ray release is the first use the format's highest audio sampling rate (Dolby TrueHD 5.1 at 192 kHz for the Japanese audio track) and first to use the hypersonic effect (only available on the Japanese track and on high-end audio systems). Beyond Japanese with English subtitles, the Blu-ray also features the 2001 Pioneer/Animaze English dub (TrueHD 5.1 at 48 kHz). The DVD version was again released in 2012 by Bandai Entertainment. The film was licensed again by Funimation following Bandai Entertainment's closure shortly after its DVD release. The Funimation release includes both English dubs, Streamline in stereo and Pioneer in 5.1 surround (both TrueHD at 96 kHz). Funimation released a 25th anniversary Blu-ray/DVD combo and separate DVD release on November 12, 2013, which features the TrueHD Japanese audio and both English dubs (TrueHD at 96 kHz on Blu-ray). Best Buy released a limited edition exclusive Blu-ray Steelbook the same year. , the film has earned over $80 million in worldwide home video sales. On April 24, 2020, an Ultra HD Blu-ray version was released in Japan by Bandai Namco Entertainment, featuring a 4K HDR remaster sourced from the original 35mm film print, as well as the 192 kHz audio transfer created for prior Blu-ray releases. The same remaster was released by FUNimation on December 22, 2020.


Television


The Streamline dub version first premiered on the Sci-Fi Channel in the 1990s during their week-long anime events and ''Saturday Anime'' block. The Pioneer dub of the film has aired twice on Adult Swim's Toonami programming block, once on December 7, 2013, with a rating of TV-MA-V, and again on December 20, 2014, both times with explicit language and nudity censored. It has aired numerous times on Australian FTA station SBS. In the United Kingdom, the film aired several times on BBC Two between 1994 and 1997, and on Channel 4 during the 1990s.


Reception





Critical response


On review aggregator, Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval score of 90% based on 51 reviews, with an average rating of 7.79/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "''Akira'' is strikingly bloody and violent, but its phenomenal animation and sheer kinetic energy helped set the standard for modern anime." Anime News Network's Bamboo Dong commends the Limited Edition's DVD for its "superbly translated" English subtitles and the commendable English dubbing, which "sticks very close to the English translation, and the voice actors deliver their lines with emotion". THEM Anime's Raphael See applauds the film's "astounding special effects and clean, crisp animation". Chris Beveridge comments on the Japanese audio, which brings "the forward soundstage nicely into play when required. Dialogue is well placed, with several key moments of directionality used perfectly". Janet Maslin of ''The New York Times'' commends Otomo's artwork, stating "the drawings of Neo-Tokyo by night are so intricately detailed that all the individual windows of huge skyscrapers appear distinct. And these night scenes glow with subtle, vibrant color". Richard Harrison of ''The Washington Post'' comments on the pace of the film, stating that the author "has condensed the narrative sprawl of the comics to provide coherence, though there's a bit of "''Back to the Future Part II''" incompleteness to the story. That hardly matters, since the film moves with such kinetic energy that you'll be hanging on for dear life". ''Variety'' commends the film's "imaginative and detailed design of tomorrow to the booming Dolby effects on the soundtrack" but criticizes the "slight stiffness in the drawing of human movement". Kim Newman of ''Empire'' commends the film's "scintillating animated visuals, with not one – not one – computer-assisted shot in sight". ''Chicago Tribune''s Dave Kehr commends Otomo's "excellent animation-specific ideas: Vehicles leave little color trails as they roar through the night, and there are a number of dream sequences that make nice use of the medium's ability to confound scale and distort perspective". Helen McCarthy in ''500 Essential Anime Movies'' claims that the anime "remains fresh and exciting, easily holding its own against the products of two decades of massive technical advancement". Meanwhile, in February 2004, Dan Persons of ''Cinefantastique'' listed the film as one of the "10 Essential Animations", simply referring to the film as "the film that changed everything."


Awards


In 1992, ''Akira'' won the Silver Scream Award at the Amsterdam Fantastic Film Festival. ''Akira'' was one of the four nominees for the 2007 American Anime Awards' "Best Anime Feature" award, but it lost to ''Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children''. Johnny Yong Bosch, Kaneda's voice actor in the Pioneer English dub, was nominated for Best Actor and Best Actor in a Comedy at American Anime Awards, but lost to fellow ''Naruto'' and ''Persona'' voice actors Vic Mignogna and Dave Wittenberg, respectively."American Anime Awards Finalists Announced"
. ''Anime News Network''. February 7, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
Lillard, Kevin. "American Anime Awards". ''Newtype USA''. 6 (5) p. 20. May 2007. .


Soundtrack


''AKIRA: Original Soundtrack'' (''Symphonic Suite AKIRA'') was recorded by Geinoh Yamashirogumi (芸能山城組). The music was composed and conducted by musical director Shōji Yamashiro (pseudonym of Tsutomu Ōhashi), and performed by the collective Geinoh Yamashirogumi. The soundtrack draws heavily from traditional Indonesian gamelan music, in addition to elements of Japanese noh music. It features music which was additionally re-recorded for release. "Kaneda", "Battle Against Clown" and "Exodus From the Underground Fortress" are really part of the same song cycle — elements of "Battle Against Clown" can be heard during the opening bike sequence, for example. The score is generally sequenced in the same order that the music occurs in the film. The North American version featured extensive production notes by David Keith Riddick and Robert Napton. ''AKIRA: The Original Japanese Soundtrack''; an alternate soundtrack was also released. This version included music as it appeared in the film with dialogue and sound-effects albeit ordered out of sequence. The soundtrack spawned an album of electronica remixes from Bwana, called ''Capsules Pride''. Samples from the ''Akira'' soundtrack have also been featured in numerous other hip hop and electronic music tracks.


Adaptations





Video games


In 1988, Taito released an ''Akira'' adventure game for the Famicom exclusively in Japan. Another ''Akira'' game for the Atari Jaguar, Super NES, Genesis and Sega CD was being developed, but canceled along with prospects of another ''Akira'' title for the Game Boy and Game Gear handheld consoles. International Computer Entertainment produced a video game based on ''Akira'' for the Amiga and Amiga CD32 in 1994. To coincide with the DVD release in 2002, Bandai released ''Akira Psycho Ball'', a pinball simulator for the PlayStation 2.


Live-action film


Since 2002, Warner Bros. acquired the rights to create a live-action remake of ''Akira'' as a seven-figure deal.Linder, Brian et al. (April 12, 2002)
"Akira Hollywood Remake!?"
''IGN''. Retrieved October 24, 2006.
The live-action remake has undergone several failed attempts to produce it, with at least five different directors and ten different writers known to have been attached to it. By 2017, director Taika Waititi was named as the film's director for the live-action adaptation. Warner Bros. had scheduled the film for release on May 21, 2021, and filming was planned to start in California in July 2019. However, Warner Bros. put the work on indefinite hold just prior to filming as Waititi had chosen to first direct ''Thor: Love and Thunder'', the sequel to ''Thor: Ragnarok'' which he had also directed.


Legacy


''Akira'' is now widely regarded as one of the greatest animated movies of all time and prompted an increase in popularity of anime movies in the US and, generally, outside Japan. It is still admired for its exceptional visuals. In Channel 4's 2005 poll of the 100 greatest animations of all time featuring both film and television, ''Akira'' came in at number 16. On ''Empire'' magazine's list of the 500 greatest movies of all time, ''Akira'' is number 440. It showed again on ''Empire''s list of The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema, coming in at #51. IGN also named it 14th on its list of Top 25 Animated Movies of All-Time. The ''Akira'' anime also made ''TIME'' magazine's list of top 5 anime DVDs. The film also made number 16 on ''Time Out''s top 50 animated movie list and number 5 on the ''Total Film'' Top 50 Animated Films list. The film was ranked No. 1 by ''Wizard's Anime'' magazine on their "Top 50 Anime released in North America" list in 2001. It was ranked No. 4 on ''The Hollywood Reporter'' critic's list of "10 Best Animated Films for Adults" in 2016. Roger Ebert of the ''Chicago Sun-Times'' selected ''Akira'' as his "Video Pick of the Week" in 1992 on ''Siskel & Ebert and the Movies''. For its wider 2001 release, he gave the film "Thumbs Up." ''Akira'' has also been regarded as one of the greatest science fiction films of all time. It was ranked number 22 on ''The Guardian''s list of best sci-fi and fantasy films, included on Film4's list of top 50 science fiction films, and ranked number 27 on ''Complex'' magazine's list of 50 best sci-fi movies. Phelim O'Neill of ''The Guardian'' draws a parallel on ''Akira''s influence on the science-fiction genre to ''Blade Runner'' and Stanley Kubrick's ''2001: A Space Odyssey''. ''Akira'' is considered a landmark film in the cyberpunk genre, particularly the Japanese cyberpunk subgenre. The British Film Institute describes ''Akira'' as a vital cornerstone of the cyberpunk genre, along with ''Blade Runner'' and ''Neuromancer''. Rob Garratt of ''South China Morning Post'' calls ''Akira'' one of "the most influential sci-fi visions ever realised" on film, comparable to the influence of ''Blade Runner''. ''Akira'' is also credited as a breakthrough for adult animation, proving to global audiences that animation was not just for children.


Popular culture


''Akira'' is regarded by many critics as a landmark anime film, one that influenced much of the art in the anime world that followed its release with many illustrators in the manga industry citing the film as an important influence. Manga author Masashi Kishimoto, for example, recalls becoming fascinated with the way the poster was made and wished to imitate the series' creator Katsuhiro Otomo's style. The film had a significant impact on popular culture worldwide. The film led the way for the growth in popularity of anime outside Japan as well as Japanese popular culture in the Western world. ''Akira'' is considered a forerunner of the second wave of anime fandom that began in the early 1990s and has gained a massive cult following since then. It is credited with setting the scene for anime franchises such as ''Pokémon'', ''Dragon Ball'' and ''Naruto'' to become global cultural phenomena. According to ''The Guardian'', the "cult 1988 anime taught western film-makers new ideas in storytelling, and helped cartoons grow up". ''Akira'' has influenced numerous works in animation, comics, film, music, television and video games. It inspired a wave of Japanese cyberpunk works, including manga and anime series such as ''Ghost in the Shell'', ''Battle Angel Alita'', ''Cowboy Bebop'', ''Serial Experiments Lain'', and ''Elfen Lied'',Inside ‘Stranger Things’: The Duffer Bros. on How They Made the TV Hit of the Summer
, ''The Daily Beast'', August 7, 2016
live-action Japanese films such as ''Tetsuo: The Iron Man'', and video games such as Hideo Kojima's ''Snatcher'' and ''Metal Gear Solid'', and Squaresoft's ''Final Fantasy VII''. Outside of Japan, ''Akira'' has been cited as a major influence on Hollywood films such as ''The Matrix'', ''Dark City'', ''Kill Bill'', ''Chronicle'', ''Looper'', ''The Dark Knight'', ''Midnight Special'', ''Inception'', and ''Godzilla'', television shows such as ''Batman Beyond'' and ''Stranger Things'', and video games such as Core Design's ''Switchblade'', Valve's ''Half-Life'' series and Dontnod Entertainment's ''Remember Me''. John Gaeta cited ''Akira'' as artistic inspiration for the bullet time effect in ''The Matrix'' films. ''Akira'' has also been credited with influencing the ''Star Wars'' franchise, including the prequel film trilogy and the ''Clone Wars'' film and television series. Todd McFarlane cited ''Akira'' as an influence on HBO animated television series ''Spawn''. ''Akira'' has also influenced the work of musicians. The music video for the Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson song "Scream" (1995) features clips from ''Akira''. Kanye West cited ''Akira'' as a major influence on his work, and he paid homage to the film in the "Stronger" (2007) music video. Lupe Fiasco's album ''Tetsuo & Youth'' (2015) is named after Tetsuo Shima. The popular bike from the film, Kaneda's Motorbike, appears in Steven Spielberg's film ''Ready Player One'', and CD Projekt's video game ''Cyberpunk 2077''. ''Deus Ex: Mankind Divided'' video game developer Eidos Montréal also paid homage to the film's poster. The season four premiere of ''Rick and Morty'' ("Edge of Tomorty: Rick Die Rickpeat") features a scene in which Morty, and then Rick, are transformed into a giant tendrilled monster that Jerry and Beth later refer to as "an Akira". The 2000 ''South Park'' episode ''Trapper Keeper'' has references to ''Akira'', such as one of the characters transforming into a giant blob organism before absorbing several other characters, not unlike the movie. When Tokyo was chosen to host the 2020 Summer Olympics in the 2013 bidding process, several commentators claimed that ''Akira'' predicted the future event. In 2017, ''Akira'' was referenced in several Tokyo Olympic promotions. In February 2020, during the coronavirus pandemic and 147 days before the Olympics, a scene in ''Akira'' which calls for the cancellation of the 2020 Olympics (147 days before the event) led to a social media trend calling for the cancellation of the 2020 Olympics. The Summer Olympics were eventually postponed to 2021 due to the coronavirus pandemic.


Notes





References





External links


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American site
(archived by the Wayback Machine) * * * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Akira Category:1980s dystopian films Category:1980s political films Category:1988 action films Category:1988 anime films Category:1988 directorial debut films Category:1988 films Category:1988 science fiction films Category:Akira (franchise) Category:Animated action films Category:Animated cyberpunk films Category:Animated post-apocalyptic films Category:Anime films based on manga Category:Bandai Entertainment anime titles Category:Bandai Visual Category:Cyberpunk anime and manga Category:Films about telekinesis Category:Films about telepathy Category:Films about terrorism in Asia Category:Films directed by Katsuhiro Otomo Category:Films set in 2019 Category:Films set in Tokyo Category:Films set in the future Category:Funimation Category:Geneon USA Category:Japan Self-Defense Forces in fiction Category:Japanese action films Category:Japanese adult animated films Category:Japanese animated science fiction films Category:Japanese political films Category:Japanese post-apocalyptic films Category:Japanese science fiction adventure films Category:Japanese-language films Category:Manga Entertainment Category:Metaphysical fiction films Category:Motorcycling films Category:Post-apocalyptic anime and manga Category:Science fiction anime and manga Category:TMS Entertainment Category:Teens in fiction Category:Toho animated films Category:Toonami