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Principality Of Piombino
The Lordship of Piombino (''Signoria di Piombino''), and after 1594 the Principality of Piombino (''Principato di Piombino''), was a small state on the Italian peninsula centred on the city of Piombino and including part of the island of Elba. It existed from 1399 to 1805, when it was merged into the Principality of Lucca and Piombino. In 1815 it was absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. History On February 19, 1399 Gherardo Appiani ceded Pisa, which his family had owned since 1392, to the Visconti of Milan for 200,000 Florin, florins, reserving Piombino for himself and his successors, becoming its lord; moreover he also took possession of Populonia, Suvereto, Scarlino, Buriano, Castiglione della Pescaia, Buriano, Abbey of San Pancrazio al Fango and the islands of Pianosa, Montecristo, and Elba; making Piombino the capital of this newly created state. Gherardo had his residence built in Piombino in the small square (now Piazza Bovio) and on his death, in 1405, he left the s ...
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Latin
Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language in Italy, and subsequently throughout the western Roman Empire, before eventually becoming a dead language in the modern linguistic definition. Latin has contributed List of Latin words with English derivatives, many words to the English language. In particular, Latin (and Ancient Greek) roots are used in English descriptions of theology, List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names, the sciences, List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes, medicine, and List of Latin legal terms, law. By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin. Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken at that time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like ...
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Populonia
Populonia or Populonia Alta (Etruscan__NOTOC__ Etruscan may refer to: Ancient civilisation *The Etruscan language, an extinct language in ancient Italy *Something derived from or related to the Etruscan civilization **Etruscan architecture **Etruscan art **Etruscan cities **Etruscan ...: ''Pupluna'', ''Pufluna'' or ''Fufluna'', all pronounced ''Fufluna''; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...: ''Populonium'', ''Populonia'', or ''Populonii'') today is a ''frazione A ''frazione'' (plural: ) is a type of subdivision of a ''comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The pro ...'' of the ''comune The (; plural: ) is a ...
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Caterina Appiani
Caterina Appiani (1398 – 19 December 1451) was the Principality of Piombino, lady of Piombino of the Appiani family, Appiani dynasty from 1445 until her death.Mauro Carrara, Signori e principi di Piombino, Bandecchi & Vivaldi, Pontedera 1996. She was born at Piombino, the first daughter of Gherardo Appiani, lord of that principality. She succeeded her mother Paola Colonna thanks to the army of her husband, the condottiero Rinaldo Orsini, whom she had married in 1440 and who had already supported her mother. When Rinaldo died, Caterina was forced to leave Piombino to her uncle Emanuele Appiani. She died in 1451 at Scarlino. References * Mauro Carrara, Signori e principi di Piombino, Bandecchi & Vivaldi, Pontedera 1996.
{{DEFAULTSORT:Appiani, Caterina 1398 births 1451 deaths Appiani family, Caterina People from Piombino Lords of Piombino 15th-century women rulers 15th-century Italian women ...
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Emanuele Appiani
Emanuele Appiani (c. 1380 – 15 February 1457) was Principality of Piombino, Prince of Piombino during the Appiani family, Appiani dynasty in the Renaissance.Mauro Carrara, Signori e principi di Piombino, Bandecchi & Vivaldi, Pontedera 1996. He was born in Pisa, the son of Iacopo I Appiani, and followed his brother Gherardo Appiani, Gherardo to Piombino when he became lord of the Tuscany, Tuscan city. When Gherardo died, he remained in the court but the lordship was inherited by his son Iacopo II Appiani, Iacopo II, under the tutorage his mother Paola Colonna. When Iacopo II died, despite Emanuele was the last living Appiani male, she kept the seigniory, thanks to the support of her son-in-law, the condottiero Rinaldo Orsini. When Paola died, the latter inherited the title under his daughter Caterina Appiani. In reply Emanuele married in 1445 to Colia de' Giudici, illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso V of Aragon, Alfonso V of Naples, who marched to Piombino with an army. Orsini d ...
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Republic Of Siena
The Republic of Siena ( it, Repubblica di Siena, la, Respublica Senensis) was a historic state consisting of the city of Siena Siena ( , ; in English sometimes spelled Sienna; lat, Sena Iulia) is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science En ... and its surrounding territory in Tuscany it, Toscano (man) it, Toscana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = Citizenship , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = Italian , demogra ..., central Italy. It existed for over 400 years, from 1125 to 1555. During its existence, it gradually expanded throughout southern Tuscany becoming one of the major economic powers of the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, ...
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Republic Of Florence
The Republic of Florence, officially the Florentine Republic ( it, Repubblica Fiorentina, , or ), was a medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ... and early modern The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's past. It is understood through archaeology, anthropology, genetics, and linguistics, and since the History of writing, adven ... state that was centered on the Italian city of Florence Florence ( ; it, Firenze ) is a city in Central-Northern Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Al ... in Tuscany it, Toscano (man) it, Toscana (w ...
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Appiani Family
file:Coa_fam_ITA_appiani2.jpg, 220px, Coat of arms of the House of Appiani. The Appiani (also Appiano or d'Appiano) is an Italian nobility, Italian noble family, originally from Al Piano or Appiano, a now disappeared toponym identified with the modern La Pieve in the ''comune'' of Ponsacco. They held the principality of Piombino from the early 15th century until 1628. History The first known member is one Guarnito d'Appiano, a notary who lived between 1200 and 1255; his son Jacopo (flourished at Pisa c. 1230-1290) was also a notary, as well as his grandson Benvenuto, who became chief of the Pisane Corporation of Notaries. His grand-grandson Vanni, also a notary, became an Anziano ("Elder", meaning consul) of Pisa and then Chancellor of the Senate of Lucca in 1347, before he was beheaded at Pisa in May 1355. His son Jacopo (c. 1322 - 1398) became Chancellor of the Republic of Pisa and head of the political party of the Raspanti, associated with the Della Gherardesca family. In 13 ...
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Paola Colonna
Paola Colonna (c. 1378 – 3 November 1450) was the Principality of Piombino, lady of Piombino from 1441 until 1445. She was born in Genazzano as the daughter of Agapito Colonna, lord of Genazzano. Her brother Giordano was shortly Prince of Salerno and Duke of Venosa, while her brother Oddo would become Pope Martin V. On 18 June 1396 she was married to Gherardo Appiani, lord of Piombino. At his death she held the regency for their son Iacopo II Appiani, Iacopo. When the latter also died, she left the principate, against the legitimate heir Emanuele Appiani, to her daughter Caterina Appiani, Caterina, married to the condottiero Rinaldo Orsini. She died in Piombino in 1450. See also *Colonna family References * Mauro Carrara, Signori e principi di Piombino, Bandecchi & Vivaldi, Pontedera 1996.
{{DEFAULTSORT:Colonna, Paola 1370s births 1450 deaths People from Genazzano Lords of Piombino Colonna family, Paola 15th-century women rulers ...
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Iacopo II Appiani
Iacopo II Appiani (1400 – 27 December 1441) was the Principality of Piombino, lord of Piombino from 1411 until 1427.Mauro Carrara, Signori e principi di Piombino, Bandecchi & Vivaldi, Pontedera 1996. He was born in Piombino, the son of Gherardo Appiano, whom he succeeded in 1411, remaining under the regency of his mother Paola Colonna until coming of age. He is described as a cruel man, switching abruptly his alliances from the Republic of Florence to republic of Siena, that of Siena, and then moving again to the former. He strengthened his position by marrying Donella Fieschi, daughter of the powerful republic of Genoa, Genoese patrician and Florentine commander Gian Luigi Fieschi. Iacopo died childless in 1427, perhaps poisoned, and was succeeded by his mother. References
{{DEFAULTSORT:Appiani, Iacopo II 1400 births 1441 deaths Appiani family, Iacopo 2 People from Piombino Lords of Piombino, Iacopo 2 ...
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Montecristo
Montecristo, also Monte Cristo (, ) and formerly Oglasa ( grc, Ὠγλάσσα, Ōglássa), is an island in the Tyrrhenian Sea and part of the Tuscan Archipelago. Administratively it belongs to the comune, municipality of Portoferraio in the province of Livorno, Italy. The island has an area of , it is approximately wide at its widest point and is long; the coasts are steep, and extend for . The island is a state nature reserve and forms part of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park. Much of the island's fame is derived from the fact that it provides the setting for part of the novel ''The Count of Monte Cristo'', by Alexandre Dumas. History The history of the island begins with the Iron Age. The Etruscans exploited the forests of oak needed to fuel the bloomery, bloomeries of Etruria, the mainland where the iron ore of Elba's mines was melted. The Greeks gave Montecristo its oldest known name, ''Oglasa'' or ''Ocrasia'', after the ochre, yellowish colour of the rocks. The Roman ...
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Pianosa
Pianosa () is an island in the Tuscan Archipelago The Tuscan Archipelago is a chain of islands between the Ligurian Sea Image:Ligurian Sea map.png, 300px, The Ligurian Sea The Ligurian Sea ( it, Mar Ligure; french: Mer Ligurienne; lij, Mâ Ligure) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between th ... in the Tyrrhenian Sea The Tyrrhenian Sea (; it, Mar Tirreno , french: Mer Tyrrhénienne , sc, Mare Tirrenu, co, Mari Tirrenu, scn, Mari Tirrenu, nap, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by ..., Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest .... It is about in area, with a coastal perimeter of . Geography In Roman times the island was named ''Planasia'' (plain) because of its flatness – its h ...
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Abbey Of San Pancrazio Al Fango
The Abbey of San Pancrazio al Fango is a ruined abbey in the ''comune'' of Grosseto, Tuscany. It is situated between Grosseto and Castiglione della Pescaia, in the heart of ''Nature Reserve Diaccia Botrona'', not far from the ''Fattoria della Badiola''. The church, which is in the form of ruins, was built in the Middle Ages on a slight hill overlooking the surrounding wetlands, once occupied by Prile Lake near a building from Roman times. References

{{coord, 42, 46, 47.47, N, 10, 56, 58.40, E, source:itwiki_type:landmark_region:IT, display=title Roman Catholic churches in Grosseto Monasteries in Tuscany Buildings and structures in Grosseto ...
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