Scarlino
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Scarlino is a ''
comune The (; plural: ) is a local administrative division of Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alp ...
'' (municipality) in the
Province of Grosseto The province of Grosseto ( it, links=no, provincia di Grosseto) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, s ...
in the
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the people of Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps ...
region
Tuscany it, Toscano (man) it, Toscana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = Citizenship , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = Italian , demogra ...
, located about southwest of
Florence Florence ( ; it, Firenze ) is a city in Central-Northern Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Al ...
and about northwest of
Grosseto Grosseto () is a city and ''comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public service ...
. Scarlino borders the following municipalities:
Castiglione della Pescaia Castiglione della Pescaia (), regionally simply abbreviated as Castiglione, is an ancient seaside town in the province of Grosseto, in Tuscany, central Italy. The modern city grew around a medieval 12th century fortress ( it, castello) and a large ...
,
Follonica Follonica () is a town and ''comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public services: ...
, Gavorrano,
Massa Marittima Massa Marittima (Latin: ''Massa Veternensis'') is a town and ''comune'' of the province of Grosseto, southern Tuscany, Italy, 49 km NNW of Grosseto. There are mineral springs, mining, mines of iron, mercury, lignite and copper, with foundrie ...
.


History

Scarlino appeared before the year 1000 as a possession of the
Aldobrandeschi The Aldobrandeschi were an Italy, Italian Nobility of Italy, noble family from southern Tuscany. Overview Of probable Lombards, Lombard origin, they appear in history as counts in the 9th century. The first known count was Hildebrand II (857). T ...
family, and was later handed over to the bishops of Roselle and then the Alberti family. In the 13th century it was acquired again by the Aldobrandeschi, but later it passed to
Pisa Pisa ( , or ) is a city and ''comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public ser ...
and then the Appiani of
Piombino Piombino is an Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italia ...
. Scarlino remained part of the
Principality of Piombino The Lordship of Piombino (''Signoria di Piombino''), and after 1594 the Principality of Piombino (''Principato di Piombino''), was a small state on the Italian peninsula centred on the city of Piombino and including part of the island of Elba. It ...
until the early 19th century, when it became part of the
Grand Duchy of Tuscany The Grand Duchy of Tuscany ( it, Granducato di Toscana; la, Magnus Ducatus Etruriae) was an Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of t ...
.


Main sights

*Walls, built from the 11th century and restored in the 13th century. *Rocca Aldobrandesca ("Aldobrandeschi Castle"), including an angular and a round towers, plus stone defensive walls. *Church and convent of San Donato, which was the seat of the
Augustinians Augustinians are members of Christian religious orders that follow the Rule of Saint Augustine The Rule of Saint Augustine, written about the year 400, is a brief document divided into eight chapters and serves as an outline for religious li ...
from the 14th century. The church is in Romanesque style. *Oratory of Santa Croce, with Renaissance frescoes. *Church of San Martino (14th century). *Convent of Monte Muro.


''Frazioni''

The municipality is formed by the municipal seat of Scarlino and the villages (''
frazioni A ''frazione'' (plural: ) is a type of subdivision of a ''comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The pro ...
'') of
Pian d'Alma Pian d'Alma is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune, comuni of Castiglione della Pescaia and Scarlino, province of Grosseto. At the time of the 2001 census its population amounted to 24.Puntone di Scarlino and Scarlino Scalo.


Government


List of mayors


References


External links


Official website
Castles in Italy {{Grosseto-geo-stub