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Galitzine
The Golitsyn or Galitzine family was one of the largest princely of the Russian nobility, noble houses in the Tsardom of Russia and Russian Empire. Among them were boyars, voivode, warlords, diplomats, generals (the Mikhailovichs), steward (office), stewards, chamberlain (office), chamberlains, the richest men of Russia (the Alexeyevichs), and provincial landlords (the Vasilyevichs). Since 1694 Bolshiye Vyazyomy was one of the ancestral estates of the Golitsyns, but many others, like Arkhangelskoye Palace and Dubrovitsy near Podolsk, were owned by different branches or members of the family. In the 1850s the Russian memoirist Filipp Vigel despaired: "So numerous are the Golitsyns that soon it will be impossible to mention any of them without the family tree at hand". Of the numerous branches of the princely family that existed in 1917, only one survived in the Soviet Union; all others were extinguished or forced into exile. The Bolsheviks arrested dozens of Golitsyns only to be sh ...
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Grand Duchy Of Moscow
The Grand Duchy of Moscow, Muscovite Russia, Muscovite Rus' or Grand Principality of Moscow (russian: Великое княжество Московское, Velikoye knyazhestvo Moskovskoye; also known in English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ... simply as Muscovy from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ... ) was a Rus' principality of the Late Middle Ages The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period Period may refer to: Common uses * Era, a length or span of time * Full stop (or period), a punctuation mark Arts, entert ...
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Gulag
The Gulag, GULAG, or GULag (russian: ГУЛАГ, ГУЛаг, an acronym An acronym is a word In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign langu ... for , , "chief administration of the camps") was the government agency in charge of the Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovere ... network of forced labor Forced labour, or unfree labour, is any work relation, especially in modern history, modern or Early Modern period, early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of poverty, destitution, detention (impri ... camps set up by order of Vladimir Leni ...
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Sanguszko
image:Paweł Karol Sanguszko.jpg, 150px, Paweł Karol Sanguszko image:Źmicier Sanguška. Зьміцер Сангушка (XVIII).jpg, 150px, Dymitr Sanguszko image:Roman Sanguszko 1.PNG, 150px, Roman Sanguszko image:Janusz Sanguszko.PNG, 150px, Janusz Sanguszko image:Ієронім Януш Санґушко.JPG, 150px, Hieronim Sanguszko image:Barbara z Duninów Sanguszko.jpg, 150px, Barbara Sanguszko née Dunin image:Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko.jpg, 150px, Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko image:Sanguszko.jpg, 150px, Władysław Hieronim Sanguszko image:Eustachy Stanislaw Sanguszko (1842-1903).jpg, 150px, Eustachy Stanisław Sanguszko Sanguszko ( be, Сангушка, ua, Санґушко, rue, Санґушко) is a Polish and Lithuanian noble and aristocratic family of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Lithuanian and Ruthenia, Ruthenian origin, connected to the Gediminid dynasty. Like other princely houses of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, its origins are considered murky. Present historical ...
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Czartoryski
Czartoryski (feminine form: Czartoryska, plural: Czartoryscy; lt, Čartoriskiai) is a Princely Houses of Poland, Polish princely family of Lithuanian-Ruthenians, Ruthenian origin, also known as the Familia (political party), Familia. The family, which derived their kin from the Gediminids dynasty, by the mid-17th century had split into two branches, based in the Klevan Castle and the Korets Castle, respectively. They used the Czartoryski coat of arms and were a szlachta, noble family of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 18th century. The Czartoryski and the Potocki were the two most influential aristocratic families of the last decades of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795). History The Czartoryski family is of Lithuanian descent from Ruthenia. Their ancestor, a grandson of Gediminas, the List of rulers of Lithuania , Grand Duke of Lithuania, became known with his baptismal name Constantine ( 1330−1390) - he became a Prince of Staryi Chortoryisk, C ...
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Cadet Branch
#REDIRECT Cadet branch #REDIRECT Cadet branch In history and heraldry Heraldry () is a discipline relating to the design, display and study of armorial bearings (known as armory), as well as related disciplines, such as vexillology, together with the study of ceremony, ...
{{R from other capitalisation ...
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Jagiellonian Dynasty
The Jagiellonian dynasty (), or simply Jagiellon, was a royal dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press of the University of Oxford. It is the larges ..., founded by Jogaila, the Grand Duke of Lithuania, who in 1386 was baptized as Władysław, married Queen Hedwig of Poland, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. The dynasty reigned in several Central European countries between the 14th and 16th centuries. Members of the dynasty were Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569), Kings of History of Poland (1385–1569), Poland (1386–1572), Grand Dukes of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Lithuania (1377–1392 and 1440–1572), Kings of Kingdom of Hungary, Hungary (1440–1444 and 1490–1526), and Kings of Bohemia, Kings of Bohemia and Prince-elector, imperial electors (1471–1526). The dynasty was a cadet ...
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Chowanski
Khovansky, Khovanski or Khovanskiy (russian: Хованский) is a Russian masculine surname, its feminine counterpart is Khovanskaya or Khovanskaia. It may refer to: *Aleksey Khovansky (fencer) (born 1987), Russian foil fencer *Aleksey Khovansky (publisher) (1814–1899), Russian philologist and publisher *Ivan Khovansky (other), several people *Sergey Khovanskiy (born 1977), Russian sprint canoer *Vyacheslav Khovanskiy (born 1968), Russian association football player *Yury Khovansky (born 1990), Russian video blogger {{Surname, Khovansky ...
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Kurakin
Kurakin (russian: Куракин) is a name of an old, historical Russian princely family descended from Lithuanian nobility, Lithuanian Gediminids, dynasty of Gediminas and it's also a masculine surname. Its feminine counterpart is Kurakina. It may refer to: *Alexander Kurakin, Prince Alexander Kurakin (1752–1818), Russian statesman and diplomat *Antons Kurakins (born 1990), Latvian football defender *Boris Kurakin, Prince Boris Kurakin (1676–1727), Russian statesman and diplomat *Dmitri Kurakin (born 1975), Estonian ice dancer *Juri Kurakin (born 1987), Estonian ice dancer, brother of Dmitri Kurakin *Igor Kurakin (born 1963), Russian football player *Natalia Kurakina (1766-1831), Russian composer, singer and noblewoman {{Authority control Russian-language surnames ...
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Grand Duchy Of Lithuania
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. ..., the Kingdom of Prussia The Kingdom of Prussia (german: Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom Kingdom may refer to: Monarchy * A type of monarchy * A realm ruled by: **A king, during the reign of a male monarch **A queen regnant, during the reign of a female ..., and the Habsburg Empire of Austria. The state was founded by Lithuanians Lithuanians ( lt, lietuviai, singular ''lietuvis/lietuvė'') are a Baltic Baltic may refer to: Geography Northern Europe * Baltic Sea, a sea in Europe * Baltic region, an ambiguous term referring to the general area surrounding the ...
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Gediminas
Gediminas ( la, Gedeminne, la, Gedeminnus; – December 1341) was Grand Duke Grand Duke (feminine: Grand Duchess) is a European , used either by certain s or by members of certain monarchs' families. In status, a Grand Duke traditionally ranks in below an , or and above a sovereign or sovereign . The title is used i ... of Lithuania Lithuania (; lt, Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania ( lt, Lietuvos Respublika, links=no), is a country in the Baltic region The terms Baltic Sea Region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countr ... from 1315 or 1316 until his death. He is credited with founding this political entity and expanding its territory which later spanned the area ranging from the Baltic Sea The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark Denmark ( da, Danmark, ) is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, ...
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Narimantas
Narimantas or Narymunt (baptized ''Gleb'', born in 1277 or just before 1300 (according to Wasilewski 1992) – 2 February 1348) was the second eldest son of Gediminas, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Grand Duke of Lithuania. During various periods of his life, he ruled Pinsk and Polatsk. In 1333 he was invited by Novgorod's nobles to rule and protect territories in the north, Staraya Ladoga, Ladoga, Oreshek and Korela. He started the tradition of Lithuanian mercenary service north of Novgorod on the Swedish border that lasted until Novgorod's fall to Moscow in 1477. About 1338, the Golden Horde took him as prisoner. The Muscovite ruler, Ivan Kalita, ransomed him from Tatars, keeping him as hostage in Moscow for a few years. Narimantas supported his brother Jaunutis when he was deposed by Algirdas and Kęstutis in 1345. In order to avoid getting killed by his younger brothers, he escaped Vilnius in autumn 1344. Narimantas travelled to Jani Beg, Khan of the Golden Horde, asking for suppo ...
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