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Yunlin County
Yunlin County
(Chinese: 雲林縣; pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn) is a county in western Taiwan. It is located east of the Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait, west of Nantou County, and is separated from Changhua County
Changhua County
by the Zhuoshui River and from Chiayi County
Chiayi County
by the Beigang River. Yunlin is part of the Chianan Plain, a flat land known for its agriculture. Agricultural products of Yunlin County
Yunlin County
include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya and muskmelon. Yunlin's rivers give it potential for hydroelectricity. Douliu
Douliu
is the largest and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the least developed counties on the West coast, and suffers from emigration.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Dutch Formosa 1.2 Qing Dynasty 1.3 Empire of Japan 1.4 Republic of China

2 Geography

2.1 Geology 2.2 Climate

3 Administration

3.1 Politics

4 Demographics and Culture

4.1 Sports

5 Economy

5.1 Agriculture 5.2 Fishery 5.3 Livestock 5.4 Tourism

6 Education 7 Energy

7.1 Power generations 7.2 Water supply

8 Tourist attractions

8.1 Historical buildings 8.2 Tourist towns 8.3 Temples 8.4 Museums and cultural centers 8.5 Festivals 8.6 Theme parks 8.7 Nature

9 Transportation

9.1 Rail 9.2 Roads 9.3 Air

10 Relative location 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] Dutch Formosa[edit] During the Dutch Formosa
Dutch Formosa
era, Ponkan (modern-day Beigang) was an important coastal castle.[1] Qing Dynasty[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
was established during the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan was in charge of Taiwan, which had been divided into three counties since 1683, Yunlin being part of Zhuluo County. Mountains made transportation and communication between bordering counties (Changhua and Chiayi) difficult, so Liu suggested a new county, called Yunlin, for easier management. In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties of the new Taiwan
Taiwan
Prefecture.[1] Empire of Japan[edit] During Japanese rule, Yunlin (as Unrin) County was again abolished due to the resistance from the local people and combined with Tainan Prefecture. However, Toroku Town (斗六街, modern-day Douliu) continued to be an important city of central Taiwan. Republic of China[edit] The Yunlin area stayed under Tainan County
Tainan County
administration after the handover of Taiwan
Taiwan
from Japan to the Republic of China
Republic of China
on October 25, 1945. On August 16, 1950, Yunlin County
Yunlin County
was established again by separation from Tainan
Tainan
County, with Douliu
Douliu
Township as the county seat. On December 25, 1981, Douliu
Douliu
Township was upgraded to a county-controlled city and remain as the county seat. Today Yunlin is the only county on Taiwan
Taiwan
island without a city with the same name. Geography[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
is located in the central-south portion of western Taiwan
Taiwan
and is at the northern tip of the Chianan Plain. The county is bordered by Nantou County
Nantou County
to the east, the Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait to the west, Chiayi County
Chiayi County
to the south separated by the Beigang River, and Changhua County
Changhua County
to the north separated by the Zhuoshui River. Its widest distance from east to west is 50 km and from north to south is 38 km, with a total area of 1,290.83 km2. Geology[edit] Around 90% of Yunlin County
Yunlin County
are plains and the other 10% are hills.[2] Generally the county is covered with high green space.[3] In 2015, the county experienced 75% of Taiwan's total land subsidence, over an area of 600 km2 due to its groundwater overuse.[4] Climate[edit] The weather in the county is sub-tropical, with an annual average temperature of 22.6 °C and an average annual rainfall of 1,028.9 mm. Administration[edit]

Lee Chin-yung, Magistrate of Yunlin County

Yunlin County
Yunlin County
Council

Yunlin County
Yunlin County
is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural townships. Douliu City
Douliu City
is the county seat and home to the Yunlin County Government and the Yunlin County
Yunlin County
Council. Lee Chin-yung
Lee Chin-yung
of the Democratic Progressive Party
Democratic Progressive Party
is the incumbent Magistrate of Yunlin County.

Name (Hanyu Pinyin) Hanzi Wade-Giles Tongyong Pinyin Taiwanese (POJ) Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ

City

Douliu
Douliu
City 斗六市 Tou-liu Douliou Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk

Urban townships

Beigang Township 北港鎮 Pei-kang Beigang Pak-káng Pet-kóng

Dounan Township 斗南鎮 Tou-nan Dounan Táu-lâm Téu-nàm

Huwei Township 虎尾鎮 Hu-wei Huwei Hó͘-bóe Fú-mî

Tuku Township 土庫鎮 T'u-k'u Tuku Thô͘-khò͘ Thú-khù

Xiluo
Xiluo
Township 西螺鎮 Hsi-luo Siluo Sai-lê Sî-lô

Rural townships

Baozhong Township 褒忠鄉 Pao-chung Baojhong Po-tiong Pô-chûng

Citong Township 莿桐鄉 Tz'u-t'ong Cihtong Chhì-tông Tshṳ̀-thùng

Dapi Township 大埤鄉 Ta-p'i Dapi Tōa-pi Thai-phî

Dongshi Township 東勢鄉 Tung-shih Dongshih Tang-sì Tûng-sṳ

Erlun Township 二崙鄉 Erh-lun Erlun Jī-lūn Ngi-lûn

Gukeng Township 古坑鄉 Ku-k'eng Gukeng Kó͘-kheⁿ Kú-hâng

Kouhu
Kouhu
Township 口湖鄉 K'ou-hu Kouhu Kháu-ô͘ Khiéu-fù

Linnei Township 林內鄉 Lin-nei Linnei Nâ-lāi Lìm-nui

Lunbei
Lunbei
Township 崙背鄉 Lun-pei Lunbei Lūn-pòe Lûn-poi

Mailiao
Mailiao
Township 麥寮鄉 Mai-liao Mailiao Be̍h-liâu Ma̍k-liàu

Shuilin Township 水林鄉 Shui-lin Shueilun Chúi-nâ Súi-lìm

Sihu Township 四湖鄉 Ssu-hu Sihhu Sì-ô͘ Si-fù

Taixi Township 臺西鄉 T'ai-hsi Taisi Tâi-se Thòi-sî

Yuanchang Township 元長鄉 Yuan-ch'ang Yuanchang Goân-chiáng Ngièn-tshòng

Politics[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
voted two Democratic Progressive Party
Democratic Progressive Party
legislators out of two seats to be in the Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
during the 2016 Republic of China
China
legislative election.[5] Demographics and Culture[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1985 791,186 —    

1990 753,639 −4.7%

1995 753,998 +0.0%

2000 743,368 −1.4%

2005 728,490 −2.0%

2010 717,653 −1.5%

2015 699,633 −2.5%

Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census. 

Cultural activities in the county is regulated by the Bureau of Cultural Affairs of the Yunlin County
Yunlin County
Government, which holds exhibitions, speeches, performances and studies to promote the arts and related activities.[6] Sports[edit]

Douliu
Douliu
Baseball Stadium

The county government promotes many sports. The Douliu
Douliu
Baseball Stadium and Yunlin County Stadium are two of the international-level sports facilities in the county. The first for-all-people games were held in Yunlin County
Yunlin County
in 2000. The county also hosted the 2005 National Games. In the 2011 National Games at Changhua, Yunlin ranked 11th out of the 22 counties and cities of Taiwan, with 10 gold, 8 silver and 8 bronze medals.[7] Economy[edit]

Formosa Plastics Group
Formosa Plastics Group
plant at the Mai-Liao Industrial Complex.

Yunlin County's economy relies mainly on agricultural production, including fresh-water fisheries, although there are also industrial parks. As of 2006, the land use for agriculture, forestry and fishery production accounts about 66.45% of its area.[8] As of July 2015, the county had a total debt of NT$64.8 billion.[9] Monthly, the county government spend NT$600 million for staffs salary and another NT$600 million for retirement funds.[10] Agriculture[edit] Farmlands accounts for around 68% of Yunlin County's area. Good weather and fertile lands allows various seasonal crops. Among the agricultural products are coffee, hard clams, horseshoe calms, Taiwan tilapia, shaddock, soy sauce, pickled cabbage, peanuts and sesame oil.[11] Fishery[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
boasts excellent fishing grounds along its coastline. There are several leading fishing ports, at Boziliao, Santiaolun, Taixi, Taizicun, and Jinhu. Several institutions were established in the county to help the development of the county's fishing industries: the Taixi Experimental Fishing Grounds, the Seawater Fish Farming Research Center, the Aquaculture Experimental Station, and the Agriculture Council. Livestock[edit] Livestock farming includes pigs, cows, chickens, geese and ducks. The county government has been aggressively helping the dairy farmers to upgrade their feeding techniques, and also set up modern meat-packing facilities. Tourism[edit] The county government plans to develop the tourism and recreational industries within the county, such as by establishing a holiday fish market at the Boziliao Fishing Port in the hopes of attracting more visitors.[12] Education[edit]

National Formosa University

The county is home to four universities: the China
China
Medical University Beigang Campus, the National Formosa University, the National Yunlin University of Science and Technology and the TransWorld University. There are 8 public senior high schools, 9 private high schools, 32 junior high schools and 156 elementary schools, as well as the National Yunlin Special
Special
Education School. To promote lifelong learning, the Yunlin County Government
Yunlin County Government
established a community university in 2001 with 6 learning centers to offer county residents more opportunities. Energy[edit] Power generations[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
houses one power plant, the Mailiao
Mailiao
Power Plant, in Mailiao
Mailiao
Township. Commissioned in July 1999, it has a capacity of 4,200 MW and is the third largest coal-fired power plant in Taiwan. Water supply[edit] Currently, most of the county residence use groundwater as their water supply. However, in 2016 the Hushan Dam
Hushan Dam
was opened in Douliu City
Douliu City
in which its reservoir will soon supply the water needs for the county residence.[13] Tourist attractions[edit]

Yunlin Story House

Caoling

Historical buildings[edit] Historical buildings in the county include the House of Citizen-Memorial Hall of Attendance, Jhen Wen Academy, Erlun Story House and Xiluo
Xiluo
Theater. Tourist towns[edit] Caoling
Caoling
is the main tourist town in Yunlin County. Temples[edit] Temples in the county include the Chaotian Temple, Xiluo
Xiluo
Guangfu Temple and Yong'an Temple. Museums and cultural centers[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
is home to several museums and cultural centers, such as the Beigang Cultural Center, Farming and Irrigation Artifacts Museum, Honey Museum, Museum of Beigang Story, Soy Sauce Brewing Museum, Yunlin Hand Puppet Museum, Yunlin Story House
Yunlin Story House
and Zhaoan Hakka Cultural Hall. Festivals[edit] Festivals, such as the Beigang International Music Festival, are regularly held in the county. Theme parks[edit] The Janfusun Fancyworld
Janfusun Fancyworld
is a theme park in the county. Nature[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
houses the Erlun Sports Park, Penglai Waterfall
Penglai Waterfall
and Ten Thousand Year Gorge. Transportation[edit]

THSR Yunlin Station

Xiluo
Xiluo
Bridge

Rail[edit] The Taiwan
Taiwan
High Speed Rail Yunlin Station serves the county. The Taiwan
Taiwan
Railway Administration serves at Linnei, Shiliu, Douliu, Dounan and Shigui. Roads[edit] The National Highway No. 1 and No. 3 pass through Yunlin County. Famous bridges in the county are the Xiluo
Xiluo
Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Changhua County, and the Beigang Tourist Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Chiayi
Chiayi
County. Air[edit] Yunlin County
Yunlin County
does not have any airport. The nearest airport is the Chiayi Airport
Chiayi Airport
located in neighboring Chiayi
Chiayi
County. Relative location[edit]

Places adjacent to Yunlin County

 Changhua County

Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait (South China
China
Sea)   Penghu
Penghu
County Fujian,  China

 Yunlin County

 Nantou County

  Chiayi
Chiayi
County

References[edit]

^ a b "Historical Evolution". The Roots of Yunlin. Yunlin County Government. Retrieved 17 December 2014.  ^ "The Roots of Yunlin-Geographical Location-Yunlin County Government".  ^ http://a-a-r-s.org/acrs/administrator/components/com_jresearch/files/publications/P_698_9-17-10.pdf ^ http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201604100010.aspx ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".  ^ "City development-Industrial and Commercial Construction-Yunlin County Government".  ^ "City development-Education and Culture-Yunlin County Government".  ^ http://a-a-r-s.org/acrs/administrator/components/com_jresearch/files/publications/P_698_9-17-10.pdf ^ "Yunlin facing funds shortfall, but vows to address issue".  ^ " Yunlin County
Yunlin County
to face fund shortage in October".  ^ "Attractions > Hot Spots > Yunlin County
Yunlin County
>".  ^ "City development-Local industries- Yunlin County
Yunlin County
Government".  ^ "Hushan Reservoir to be completed in 2014". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yunlin County.

Yunlin County Government
Yunlin County Government
Website (in Chinese) [1] (in English)

v t e

Administrative divisions of Taiwan

Special
Special
municipalities (6)

Kaohsiung New Taipei Taichung Tainan Taipei Taoyuan

Provincial cities (3)

Chiayi Hsinchu Keelung

Counties (13)

Changhua Chiayi Hsinchu Hualien Kinmen Lienchiang Miaoli Nantou Penghu Pingtung Taitung Yilan Yunlin

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v t e

Cities and townships of Yunlin County

County seat: Douliu

Cities

Douliu

Urban townships

Beigang Dounan Huwei Tuku Xiluo

Rural townships

Baozhong Citong Dapi Dongshi Erlun Gukeng Kouhu Linnei Lunbei Mailiao Shuilin Si

.