Yunlin County (Chinese: 雲林縣; pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn) is a county
in western Taiwan. It is located east of the
Taiwan Strait, west of
Nantou County, and is separated from
Changhua County by the Zhuoshui
River and from
Chiayi County by the Beigang River. Yunlin is part of
the Chianan Plain, a flat land known for its agriculture. Agricultural
Yunlin County include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya
and muskmelon. Yunlin's rivers give it potential for hydroelectricity.
Douliu is the largest and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the
least developed counties on the West coast, and suffers from
1.1 Dutch Formosa
1.2 Qing Dynasty
1.3 Empire of Japan
1.4 Republic of China
4 Demographics and Culture
7.1 Power generations
7.2 Water supply
8 Tourist attractions
8.1 Historical buildings
8.2 Tourist towns
8.4 Museums and cultural centers
8.6 Theme parks
10 Relative location
12 External links
Dutch Formosa era, Ponkan (modern-day Beigang) was an
important coastal castle.
Yunlin County was established during the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan
was in charge of Taiwan, which had been divided into three counties
since 1683, Yunlin being part of Zhuluo County. Mountains made
transportation and communication between bordering counties (Changhua
and Chiayi) difficult, so Liu suggested a new county, called Yunlin,
for easier management. In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties
of the new
Empire of Japan
During Japanese rule, Yunlin (as Unrin) County was again abolished due
to the resistance from the local people and combined with Tainan
Prefecture. However, Toroku Town (斗六街, modern-day Douliu)
continued to be an important city of central Taiwan.
Republic of China
The Yunlin area stayed under
Tainan County administration after the
Taiwan from Japan to the
Republic of China
Republic of China on October 25,
1945. On August 16, 1950,
Yunlin County was established again by
Tainan County, with
Douliu Township as the county
seat. On December 25, 1981,
Douliu Township was upgraded to a
county-controlled city and remain as the county seat. Today Yunlin is
the only county on
Taiwan island without a city with the same name.
Yunlin County is located in the central-south portion of western
Taiwan and is at the northern tip of the Chianan Plain. The county is
Nantou County to the east, the
Taiwan Strait to the west,
Chiayi County to the south separated by the Beigang River, and
Changhua County to the north separated by the Zhuoshui River. Its
widest distance from east to west is 50 km and from north to
south is 38 km, with a total area of 1,290.83 km2.
Around 90% of
Yunlin County are plains and the other 10% are hills.
Generally the county is covered with high green space. In 2015, the
county experienced 75% of Taiwan's total land subsidence, over an area
of 600 km2 due to its groundwater overuse.
The weather in the county is sub-tropical, with an annual average
temperature of 22.6 °C and an average annual rainfall of
Lee Chin-yung, Magistrate of Yunlin County
Yunlin County Council
Yunlin County is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural
Douliu City is the county seat and home to the Yunlin
County Government and the
Yunlin County Council.
Lee Chin-yung of the
Democratic Progressive Party
Democratic Progressive Party is the incumbent Magistrate of Yunlin
Name (Hanyu Pinyin)
Yunlin County voted two
Democratic Progressive Party
Democratic Progressive Party legislators out
of two seats to be in the
Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of
China legislative election.
Demographics and Culture
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the
Interior Population Census.
Cultural activities in the county is regulated by the Bureau of
Cultural Affairs of the
Yunlin County Government, which holds
exhibitions, speeches, performances and studies to promote the arts
and related activities.
Douliu Baseball Stadium
The county government promotes many sports. The
Yunlin County Stadium are two of the international-level
sports facilities in the county.
The first for-all-people games were held in
Yunlin County in 2000. The
county also hosted the 2005 National Games. In the 2011 National Games
at Changhua, Yunlin ranked 11th out of the 22 counties and cities of
Taiwan, with 10 gold, 8 silver and 8 bronze medals.
Formosa Plastics Group
Formosa Plastics Group plant at the Mai-Liao Industrial Complex.
Yunlin County's economy relies mainly on agricultural production,
including fresh-water fisheries, although there are also industrial
parks. As of 2006, the land use for agriculture, forestry and fishery
production accounts about 66.45% of its area. As of July 2015, the
county had a total debt of NT$64.8 billion. Monthly, the county
government spend NT$600 million for staffs salary and another NT$600
million for retirement funds.
Farmlands accounts for around 68% of Yunlin County's area. Good
weather and fertile lands allows various seasonal crops. Among the
agricultural products are coffee, hard clams, horseshoe calms, Taiwan
tilapia, shaddock, soy sauce, pickled cabbage, peanuts and sesame
Yunlin County boasts excellent fishing grounds along its coastline.
There are several leading fishing ports, at Boziliao, Santiaolun,
Taixi, Taizicun, and Jinhu. Several institutions were established in
the county to help the development of the county's fishing industries:
the Taixi Experimental Fishing Grounds, the Seawater Fish Farming
Research Center, the Aquaculture Experimental Station, and the
Livestock farming includes pigs, cows, chickens, geese and ducks. The
county government has been aggressively helping the dairy farmers to
upgrade their feeding techniques, and also set up modern meat-packing
The county government plans to develop the tourism and recreational
industries within the county, such as by establishing a holiday fish
market at the Boziliao Fishing Port in the hopes of attracting more
National Formosa University
The county is home to four universities: the
China Medical University
Beigang Campus, the National Formosa University, the National Yunlin
University of Science and Technology and the TransWorld University.
There are 8 public senior high schools, 9 private high schools, 32
junior high schools and 156 elementary schools, as well as the
Special Education School.
To promote lifelong learning, the
Yunlin County Government
Yunlin County Government established
a community university in 2001 with 6 learning centers to offer county
residents more opportunities.
Yunlin County houses one power plant, the
Mailiao Power Plant, in
Mailiao Township. Commissioned in July 1999, it has a capacity of
4,200 MW and is the third largest coal-fired power plant in Taiwan.
Currently, most of the county residence use groundwater as their water
supply. However, in 2016 the
Hushan Dam was opened in
Douliu City in
which its reservoir will soon supply the water needs for the county
Yunlin Story House
Historical buildings in the county include the House of
Citizen-Memorial Hall of Attendance, Jhen Wen Academy, Erlun Story
Caoling is the main tourist town in Yunlin County.
Temples in the county include the Chaotian Temple,
Temple and Yong'an Temple.
Museums and cultural centers
Yunlin County is home to several museums and cultural centers, such as
the Beigang Cultural Center, Farming and Irrigation Artifacts Museum,
Honey Museum, Museum of Beigang Story, Soy Sauce Brewing Museum,
Yunlin Hand Puppet Museum,
Yunlin Story House
Yunlin Story House and Zhaoan Hakka
Festivals, such as the Beigang International Music Festival, are
regularly held in the county.
Janfusun Fancyworld is a theme park in the county.
Yunlin County houses the Erlun Sports Park,
Penglai Waterfall and Ten
Thousand Year Gorge.
THSR Yunlin Station
Taiwan High Speed Rail Yunlin Station serves the county. The
Taiwan Railway Administration serves at Linnei, Shiliu, Douliu, Dounan
The National Highway No. 1 and No. 3 pass through Yunlin County.
Famous bridges in the county are the
Xiluo Bridge, connecting the
county to the neighboring Changhua County, and the Beigang Tourist
Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring
Yunlin County does not have any airport. The nearest airport is the
Chiayi Airport located in neighboring
Places adjacent to Yunlin County
Taiwan Strait (South
^ a b "Historical Evolution". The Roots of Yunlin. Yunlin County
Government. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
^ "The Roots of Yunlin-Geographical Location-Yunlin County
^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The
9th Legislator Election".
^ "City development-Industrial and Commercial Construction-Yunlin
^ "City development-Education and Culture-Yunlin County
^ "Yunlin facing funds shortfall, but vows to address issue".
Yunlin County to face fund shortage in October".
^ "Attractions > Hot Spots >
Yunlin County >".
^ "City development-Local industries-
Yunlin County Government".
^ "Hushan Reservoir to be completed in 2014".
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yunlin County.
Yunlin County Government
Yunlin County Government Website (in Chinese)  (in English)
Administrative divisions of Taiwan
Special municipalities (6)
Provincial cities (3)
Free area of the Republic of China
List of administrative divisions of Taiwan
Cities and townships of Yunlin County
County seat: Douliu