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Wyoming
Wyoming
/waɪˈoʊmɪŋ/ ( listen) is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous and the second least densely populated state in the country. Wyoming
Wyoming
is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota
South Dakota
and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho. The state population was estimated at 586,107 in 2015, which is less than 31 of the most populous U.S. cities including neighboring Denver.[8] Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with population estimated at 63,335 in 2015.[9] The western two-thirds of the state is covered mostly by the mountain ranges and rangelands of the Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie called the High Plains. Almost half of the land in Wyoming
Wyoming
is owned by the U.S. government, leading Wyoming
Wyoming
to rank sixth by area and fifth by proportion of a state's land owned by the federal government.[10] Federal lands include two national parks— Grand Teton
Grand Teton
and Yellowstone—two national recreation areas, two national monuments, several national forests, historic sites, fish hatcheries, and wildlife refuges. Original inhabitants of the region include the Crow, Arapaho, Lakota, and Shoshone. Southwestern Wyoming
Wyoming
was in the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
and then Mexican territory until it was ceded to the United States
United States
in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War. The region acquired the name Wyoming
Wyoming
when a bill was introduced to the U.S. Congress in 1865 to provide a "temporary government for the territory of Wyoming". The name was used earlier for the Wyoming Valley
Wyoming Valley
in Pennsylvania, and is derived from the Munsee word xwé:wamənk, meaning "at the big river flat".[11][12] The main drivers of Wyoming's economy are mineral extraction—mostly coal, oil, natural gas, and trona—and tourism. Agricultural commodities include livestock (beef), hay, sugar beets, grain (wheat and barley), and wool. The climate is semi-arid and continental, drier and windier than the rest of the U.S., with greater temperature extremes. Wyoming
Wyoming
has been a politically conservative state since the 1950s with the Republican Party candidate winning every presidential election except 1964.[13]

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Climate 1.2 Location and size 1.3 Natural landforms

1.3.1 Mountain ranges 1.3.2 Islands

1.4 Regions and administrative divisions

1.4.1 Counties 1.4.2 Cities and towns 1.4.3 Metropolitan areas 1.4.4 Wind River Indian Reservation 1.4.5 Public lands

2 History 3 Demographics

3.1 Population 3.2 Birth data

4 Government and politics

4.1 State government 4.2 Judicial system 4.3 Political history 4.4 Voter registration

4.4.1 Voter Registration by County

5 Culture

5.1 Languages 5.2 Religion 5.3 Sports 5.4 State symbols

6 Economy and infrastructure

6.1 Mineral and energy production 6.2 Taxes 6.3 Transportation

7 Education

7.1 Higher education

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Geography Climate

Köppen climate types of Wyoming

Further information: Climate change in Wyoming

Wyoming
Wyoming
state welcome sign on Interstate 80
Interstate 80
in Uinta County (at the Utah
Utah
border)

Autumn in the Bighorn Mountains

Wyoming's climate is generally semi-arid and continental (Köppen climate classification BSk), and is drier and windier in comparison to most of the United States
United States
with greater temperature extremes. Much of this is due to the topography of the state. Summers in Wyoming
Wyoming
are warm with July high temperatures averaging between 85 and 95 °F (29 and 35 °C) in most of the state. With increasing elevation, however, this average drops rapidly with locations above 9,000 feet (2,700 m) averaging around 70 °F (21 °C). Summer nights throughout the state are characterized by a rapid cooldown with even the hottest locations averaging in the 50–60 °F (10–16 °C) range at night. In most of the state, most of the precipitation tends to fall in the late spring and early summer. Winters are cold, but are variable with periods of sometimes extreme cold interspersed between generally mild periods, with Chinook winds providing unusually warm temperatures in some locations. Wyoming
Wyoming
is a dry state with much of the land receiving less than 10 inches (250 mm) of rainfall per year. Precipitation depends on elevation with lower areas in the Big Horn Basin averaging 5–8 inches (130–200 mm) (making the area nearly a true desert). The lower areas in the North and on the eastern plains typically average around 10–12 inches (250–300 mm), making the climate there semi-arid. Some mountain areas do receive a good amount of precipitation, 20 inches (510 mm) or more, much of it as snow, sometimes 200 inches (510 cm) or more annually. The state's highest recorded temperature is 114 °F (46 °C) at Basin on July 12, 1900 and the lowest recorded temperature is −66 °F (−54 °C) at Riverside on February 9, 1933. The number of thunderstorm days vary across the state with the southeastern plains of the state having the most days of thunderstorm activity. Thunderstorm
Thunderstorm
activity in the state is highest during the late spring and early summer. The southeastern corner of the state is the most vulnerable part of the state to tornado activity. Moving away from that point and westwards, the incidence of tornadoes drops dramatically with the west part of the state showing little vulnerability. Tornadoes, where they occur, tend to be small and brief, unlike some of those that occur a little farther east.

Casper climate: Average maximum and minimum temperatures, and average rainfall.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average max. temperature °F (°C) 32 (0) 37 (3) 45 (7) 56 (13) 66 (19) 78 (26) 87 (31) 85 (29) 74 (23) 60 (16) 44 (7) 34 (1) 58 (14)

Average min. temperature °F (°C) 12 (−11) 16 (−9) 21 (−6) 28 (−2) 37 (3) 46 (8) 54 (12) 51 (11) 41 (5) 32 (0) 21 (−6) 14 (−10) 31 (-1)

Average rainfall inches (mm) 0.6 (15.2) 0.6 (15.2) 1.0 (25.4) 1.6 (40.6) 2.1 (53.3) 1.5 (38.1) 1.3 (33.0) 0.7 (17.8) 0.9 (22.9) 1.0 (25.4) 0.8 (20.3) 0.7 (17.8) 12.8 (325.1)

Source:[14]

Jackson climate: Average maximum and minimum temperatures, and average rainfall.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average max. temperature °F (°C) 24 (−4) 28 (−2) 37 (3) 47 (8) 58 (14) 68 (20) 78 (26) 77 (25) 67 (19) 54 (12) 37 (3) 24 (−4) 49 (9)

Average min. temperature °F (°C) -1 (−18) 2 (−17) 10 (−12) 21 (−6) 30 (−1) 36 (2) 41 (5) 38 (3) 31 (−1) 22 (−6) 14 (−10) 0 (−18) 20 (-7)

Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.6 (66.0) 1.9 (48.3) 1.6 (40.6) 1.4 (35.6) 1.9 (48.3) 1.8 (45.7) 1.3 (33.0) 1.3 (33.0) 1.5 (38.1) 1.3 (33.0) 2.3 (58.4) 2.5 (63.5) 21.4 (543.6)

Source:[15]

Location and size As specified in the designating legislation for the Territory of Wyoming, Wyoming's borders are lines of latitude, 41°N and 45°N, and longitude, 104°3'W and 111°3'W (27° W and 34° W of the Washington Meridian), making the shape of the state a latitude-longitude quadrangle.[16] Wyoming
Wyoming
is one of only three states (along with Colorado
Colorado
and Utah) to have borders along only straight latitudinal and longitudinal lines, rather than being defined by natural landmarks. Due to surveying inaccuracies during the 19th century, Wyoming's legal border deviates from the true latitude and longitude lines by up to half of a mile (0.8 km) in some spots, especially in the mountainous region along the 45th parallel.[17] Wyoming
Wyoming
is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota
South Dakota
and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho. It is the tenth largest state in the United States
United States
in total area, containing 97,814 square miles (253,340 km2) and is made up of 23 counties. From the north border to the south border it is 276 miles (444 km);[18] and from the east to the west border is 365 miles (587 km) at its south end and 342 miles (550 km) at the north end. Natural landforms Mountain ranges The Great Plains
Great Plains
meet the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
in Wyoming. The state is a great plateau broken by many mountain ranges. Surface elevations range from the summit of Gannett Peak
Gannett Peak
in the Wind River Mountain Range, at 13,804 feet (4,207 m), to the Belle Fourche River
Belle Fourche River
valley in the state's northeast corner, at 3,125 feet (952 m). In the northwest are the Absaroka, Owl Creek, Gros Ventre, Wind River, and the Teton ranges. In the north central are the Big Horn Mountains; in the northeast, the Black Hills; and in the southern region the Laramie, Snowy, and Sierra Madre ranges. The Snowy Range in the south central part of the state is an extension of the Colorado
Colorado
Rockies in both geology and appearance. The Wind River Range in the west central part of the state is remote and includes more than 40 mountain peaks in excess of 13,000 ft (4,000 m) tall in addition to Gannett Peak, the highest peak in the state. The Big Horn Mountains
Big Horn Mountains
in the north central portion are somewhat isolated from the bulk of the Rocky Mountains. The Teton Range
Teton Range
in the northwest extends for 50 miles (80 km), part of which is included in Grand Teton
Grand Teton
National Park. The park includes the Grand Teton, the second highest peak in the state. The Continental Divide
Continental Divide
spans north-south across the central portion of the state. Rivers east of the divide drain into the Missouri
Missouri
River Basin and eventually the Gulf of Mexico. They are the North Platte, Wind, Big Horn and the Yellowstone rivers. The Snake River
Snake River
in northwest Wyoming
Wyoming
eventually drains into the Columbia River
Columbia River
and the Pacific Ocean, as does the Green River through the Colorado
Colorado
River Basin. The Continental Divide
Continental Divide
forks in the south central part of the state in an area known as the Great Divide Basin
Great Divide Basin
where the waters that flow or precipitate into this area remain there and cannot flow to any ocean. Instead, because of the overall aridity of Wyoming, water in the Great Divide Basin simply sinks into the soil or evaporates. Several rivers begin in or flow through the state, including the Yellowstone River, Bighorn River, Green River, and the Snake River. Islands Main article: List of islands of Wyoming Wyoming
Wyoming
has 32 named islands, the majority of which are located in Jackson Lake
Jackson Lake
and Yellowstone Lake
Yellowstone Lake
within Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park
in the northwest portion of the state. The Green River in the southwest also contains a number of islands. Regions and administrative divisions Counties Further information: List of counties in Wyoming The state of Wyoming
Wyoming
has 23 counties.

An enlargeable map of the 23 counties of Wyoming

The 23 counties of the state of Wyoming[19]

Rank County Population Rank County Population

1 Laramie 94,483 13 Converse 14,008

2 Natrona 78,621 14 Goshen 13,636

3 Campbell 47,874 15 Big Horn 11,794

4 Sweetwater 45,267 16 Sublette 10,368

5 Fremont 41,110 17 Platte 8,756

6 Albany 37,276 18 Johnson 8,615

7 Sheridan 29,596 19 Washakie 8,464

8 Park 28,702 20 Crook 7,155

9 Teton 21,675 21 Weston 7,082

10 Uinta 21,025 22 Hot Springs 4,822

11 Lincoln 17,961 23 Niobrara 2,456

12 Carbon 15,666 Wyoming
Wyoming
Total 576,412

Wyoming
Wyoming
license plates contain a number on the left that indicates the county where the vehicle is registered, ranked by an earlier census.[20] Specifically, the numbers are representative of the property values of the counties in 1930.[21] The county license plate numbers are as follows:

License Plate Prefix County License Plate Prefix County License Plate Prefix County

1 Natrona 9 Big Horn 17 Campbell

2 Laramie 10 Fremont 18 Crook

3 Sheridan 11 Park 19 Uinta

4 Sweetwater 12 Lincoln 20 Washakie

5 Albany 13 Converse 21 Weston

6 Carbon 14 Niobrara 22 Teton

7 Goshen 15 Hot Springs 23 Sublette

8 Platte 16 Johnson    

Cities and towns

City of Casper, Wyoming

The State of Wyoming
Wyoming
has 99 incorporated municipalities.

Most Populous Wyoming
Wyoming
Cities and Towns[22]

Rank City County Population

1 Cheyenne Laramie 60,096

2 Casper Natrona 55,988

3 Laramie Albany 31,312

4 Gillette Campbell 29,389

5 Rock Springs Sweetwater 23,229

6 Sheridan Sheridan 17,517

7 Green River Sweetwater 12,622

8 Evanston Uinta 12,282

9 Riverton Fremont 10,867

10 Jackson Teton 9,710

11 Cody Park 9,653

12 Rawlins Carbon 9,203

13 Lander Fremont 7,571

14 Torrington Goshen 6,690

15 Powell Park 6,314

In 2005, 50.6% of Wyomingites lived in one of the 13 most populous Wyoming
Wyoming
municipalities. Metropolitan areas The United States
United States
Census Bureau has defined two Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) and seven Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MiSA) for the State of Wyoming. In 2008, 30.4% of Wyomingites lived in either of the Metropolitan Statistical Areas, and 73% lived in either a Metropolitan Statistical Area or a Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Cheyenne

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas[23]

Census Area County Population

Cheyenne Laramie County, Wyoming 95,809

Casper Natrona County, Wyoming 80,973

Gillette Campbell County, Wyoming 48,176

Rock Springs Sweetwater County, Wyoming 45,237

Jackson Teton County, Wyoming 32,543

Teton County, Idaho 10,275

Total 42,818

Riverton Fremont County, Wyoming 40,998

Laramie Albany County, Wyoming 37,422

Sheridan Sheridan County, Wyoming 29,824

Evanston Uinta County, Wyoming 21,066

Wind River Indian Reservation Main article: Wind River Indian Reservation

Wind River Canyon

The Wind River Indian Reservation
Wind River Indian Reservation
is shared by the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho
Arapaho
tribes of Native Americans in the central western portion of the state near Lander. The reservation is home to 2,500 Eastern Shoshone
Shoshone
and 5,000 Northern Arapaho.[24] Chief Washakie
Chief Washakie
established the reservation in 1868[25] as the result of negotiations with the federal government in the Fort Bridger Treaty.[26] However, the Northern Arapaho
Arapaho
were forced onto the Shoshone
Shoshone
reservation in 1876 by the federal government after the government failed to provide a promised separate reservation.[26] Today the Wind River Indian Reservation
Wind River Indian Reservation
is jointly owned, with each tribe having a 50% interest in the land, water, and other natural resources.[27] The reservation is a sovereign, self-governed land with two independent governing bodies: the Eastern Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribe and the Northern Arapaho
Arapaho
Tribe. Until 2014, the Shoshone
Shoshone
Business Council and Northern Arapaho
Arapaho
Business Council met jointly as the Joint Business Council to decide matters that affect both tribes.[25] Six elected council members from each tribe served on the joint council. Public lands

Wyoming
Wyoming
terrain map

More than 48% of the land in Wyoming
Wyoming
is owned by the U.S. government, leading Wyoming
Wyoming
to rank sixth in the United States
United States
in total acres and fifth in percentage of a state's land owned by the federal government.[10] This amounts to about 30,099,430 acres (121,808.1 km2) owned and managed by the United States government. The state government owns an additional 6% of all Wyoming lands, or another 3,864,800 acres (15,640 km2).[10] The vast majority of this government land is administered by the Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Land Management
and U.S. Forest Service in numerous national forests, a national grassland, and a number of vast swathes of public land, in addition to the Francis E. Warren Air Force Base
Francis E. Warren Air Force Base
in Cheyenne.

National Park Service
National Park Service
sites map

In addition, Wyoming
Wyoming
contains areas managed by the National Park Service and other agencies such as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, including: National parks

Grand Teton
Grand Teton
National Park Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park
– first designated national park in the world[28]

Memorial parkway

John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Parkway
John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Parkway
between Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks

National recreation areas

Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area
Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area
(managed by the Forest Service as part of Ashley National Forest)

National monuments

Devils Tower
Devils Tower
National Monument – first national monument in the U.S.[28] Fossil Butte National Monument

National historic trails, landmarks and sites

California
California
National Historic Trail Fort Laramie
Fort Laramie
National Historic Site Independence Rock National Historic Landmark Medicine Wheel/Medicine Mountain National Historic Landmark Mormon
Mormon
Pioneer National Historic Trail National Register of Historic Places listings in Wyoming Oregon
Oregon
National Historic Trail Pony Express
Pony Express
National Historic Trail

National fish hatcheries

Jackson National Fish Hatchery Saratoga National Fish Hatchery

National wildlife refuges

National Elk Refuge Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge

Yellowstone National Park

Devils Tower
Devils Tower
National Monument

Thunder Basin National Grassland

Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge

Panoramic view of the Teton Range
Teton Range
looking west from Jackson Hole, Grand Teton
Grand Teton
National Park

History Main article: History of Wyoming

The first Fort Laramie
Fort Laramie
as it looked before 1840 (painting from memory by Alfred Jacob Miller)

Several Native American groups originally inhabited the region now known as Wyoming. The Crow, Arapaho, Lakota, and Shoshone
Shoshone
were but a few of the original inhabitants encountered when white explorers first entered the region. What is now southwestern Wyoming
Wyoming
became a part of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
and later Mexican territory of Alta California, until it was ceded to the United States
United States
in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War. French-Canadian trappers from Québec and Montréal went into the state in the late 18th century, leaving French toponyms such as Téton and La Ramie. John Colter, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, itself guided by French Canadian Toussaint Charbonneau and his young Shoshone
Shoshone
wife, Sacagawea, first described the region in 1807. At the time, his reports of the Yellowstone area were considered to be fictional.[29] Robert Stuart and a party of five men returning from Astoria discovered South Pass in 1812. The Oregon Trail later followed that route. In 1850, Jim Bridger
Jim Bridger
located what is now known as Bridger Pass, which the Union Pacific Railroad
Union Pacific Railroad
used in 1868—as did Interstate 80, 90 years later. Bridger also explored Yellowstone and filed reports on the region that, like those of Colter, were largely regarded as tall tales at the time. The region had acquired the name Wyoming
Wyoming
by 1865, when Representative James Mitchell Ashley
James Mitchell Ashley
of Ohio
Ohio
introduced a bill to Congress to provide a "temporary government for the territory of Wyoming". The territory was named after the Wyoming Valley
Wyoming Valley
in Pennsylvania, made famous by the 1809 poem Gertrude of Wyoming
Gertrude of Wyoming
by Thomas Campbell, based on the Battle of Wyoming
Wyoming
in the American Revolutionary War. The name ultimately derives from the Munsee word xwé:wamənk, meaning "at the big river flat".[11][12]

A backcounty road in the Sierra Madre Range of southeastern Wyoming near Bridger Peak

After the Union Pacific Railroad
Union Pacific Railroad
had reached the town of Cheyenne in 1867, the region's population began to grow steadily, and the federal government established the Wyoming Territory
Wyoming Territory
on July 25, 1868.[30] Unlike mineral-rich Colorado, Wyoming
Wyoming
lacked significant deposits of gold and silver, as well as Colorado's subsequent population boom. However, South Pass City did experience a short-lived boom after the Carissa Mine began producing gold in 1867.[31] Furthermore, copper was mined in some areas between the Sierra Madre Mountains and the Snowy Range near Grand Encampment.[32] Once government-sponsored expeditions to the Yellowstone country began, reports by Colter and Bridger, previously believed to be apocryphal, were found to be true. This led to the creation of Yellowstone National Park, which became the world's first national park in 1872. Nearly all of Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park
lies within the far northwestern borders of Wyoming. On December 10, 1869, territorial Governor John Allen Campbell extended the right to vote to women, making Wyoming
Wyoming
the first territory and then United States
United States
state to grant suffrage to women. In addition, Wyoming
Wyoming
was also a pioneer in welcoming women into politics. Women first served on juries in Wyoming
Wyoming
(Laramie in 1870); Wyoming
Wyoming
had the first female court bailiff (Mary Atkinson, Laramie, in 1870); and the first female justice of the peace in the country (Esther Hobart Morris, South Pass City, in 1870). Also, in 1924, Wyoming
Wyoming
became the first state to elect a female governor, Nellie Tayloe Ross, who took office in January 1925.[33] Due to its civil-rights history, one of Wyoming's state nicknames is "The Equality State", and the official state motto is "Equal Rights".[1] Wyoming's constitution included women's suffrage and a pioneering article on water rights.[34] Congress admitted Wyoming
Wyoming
into the Union as the 44th state on July 10, 1890.[1] Wyoming
Wyoming
was the location of the Johnson County War
Johnson County War
of 1892, which erupted between competing groups of cattle ranchers. The passage of the federal Homestead Act
Homestead Act
led to an influx of small ranchers. A range war broke out when either or both of the groups chose violent conflict over commercial competition in the use of the public land. Demographics

Historical population

Census Pop.

1870 9,118

1880 20,789

128.0%

1890 62,555

200.9%

1900 92,531

47.9%

1910 145,965

57.7%

1920 194,402

33.2%

1930 225,565

16.0%

1940 250,742

11.2%

1950 290,529

15.9%

1960 330,066

13.6%

1970 332,416

0.7%

1980 469,557

41.3%

1990 453,588

−3.4%

2000 493,782

8.9%

2010 563,626

14.1%

Est. 2017 579,315

2.8%

Sources: 1910–2010[35][36][20] 2017 estimate[37]

Population

Wyoming
Wyoming
population density map – the largest population centers are Cheyenne in the southeast and Casper in the east central section.

The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates that the population of Wyoming
Wyoming
was 579,315 in 2017,[37] which is an increase of 2.8% since the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[8] The center of population of Wyoming is located in Natrona County.[38][39] In 2014, the United States
United States
Census Bureau estimated that the racial composition of the population was 92.7% white (82.9 non-Hispanic white), 2.7% American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native, 1.6% Black or African American, 1.0% Asian American, and 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander.[40] According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of the population was 90.7% white, 0.8% black or African American, 2.4% American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native, 0.8% Asian American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 2.2% from two or more races, and 3.0% from some other race. Ethnically, 8.9% of the total population was of Hispanic or Latino origin (they may be of any race) and 91.1% Non-Hispanic, with non-Hispanic whites constituting the largest non-Hispanic group at 85.9%.[41] As of 2015, Wyoming
Wyoming
had an estimated population of 586,107, which was an increase of 1,954, or 0.29%, from the prior year and an increase of 22,481, or 3.99%, since the 2010 census. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 12,165 people (that is 33,704 births minus 21,539 deaths) and an increase from net migration of 4,035 people into the state. Immigration resulted in a net increase of 2,264 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 1,771 people. In 2004, the foreign-born population was 11,000 (2.2%). In 2005, total births in Wyoming
Wyoming
numbered 7,231 (birth rate of 14.04 per thousand).[42] Sparsely populated, Wyoming
Wyoming
is the least populous state of the United States. Wyoming
Wyoming
has the second-lowest population density, behind Alaska. It is one of only two states with a smaller population than the nation's capital, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(the other state is Vermont). According to the 2000 census, the largest ancestry groups in Wyoming are: German (26.0%), English (16.0%), Irish (13.3%), Norwegian (4.3%), and Swedish (3.5%).[43] Birth data Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Race 2013[44] 2014[45] 2015[46]

White: 7,090 (92.7%) 7,178 (93.2%) 7,217 (92.9%)

> Non-Hispanic White 6,136 (80.3%) 6,258 (81.3%) 6,196 (79.8%)

Native 305 (4.0%) 294 (3.8%) 294 (3.8%)

Asian 124 (1.6%) 108 (1.4%) 135 (1.7%)

Black 125 (1.6%) 116 (1.5%) 119 (1.5%)

Hispanic (of any race) 926 (12.1%) 895 (11.6%) 963 (12.4%)

Total Wyoming 7,644 (100%) 7,696 (100%) 7,765 (100%)

Government and politics

Wyoming
Wyoming
State Capitol building, Cheyenne

State government Wyoming's Constitution established three branches of government: the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The Wyoming
Wyoming
State Legislature
Legislature
comprises a House of Representatives with 60 members and a Senate with 30 members. The executive branch is headed by the governor and includes a secretary of state, auditor, treasurer and superintendent of public instruction. Wyoming
Wyoming
does not have a lieutenant governor. Instead the secretary of state stands first in the line of succession. Wyoming's sparse population warrants it only a single at-large seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, and hence only three votes in the Electoral College. Wyoming
Wyoming
is an alcoholic beverage control state. Judicial system Wyoming's highest court is the Supreme Court of Wyoming, with five justices presiding over appeals from the state's lower courts. Wyoming is unusual in that it does not have an intermediate appellate court, like most states. This is largely attributable to the state's population and correspondingly lower caseload. Appeals from the state district courts go directly to the Wyoming
Wyoming
Supreme Court. Wyoming
Wyoming
also has state circuit courts (formerly county courts), of limited jurisdiction, which handle certain types of cases, such as civil claims with lower dollar amounts, misdemeanor criminal offenses, and felony arraignments. Circuit court judges also commonly hear small claims cases as well. Before 1972, Wyoming
Wyoming
judges were selected by popular vote on a nonpartisan ballot. This earlier system was criticized by the state bar who called for the adoption of the Missouri
Missouri
Plan, a system designed to balance judiciary independence with judiciary accountability. In 1972, an amendment to Article 5 of the Wyoming Constitution, which incorporated a modified version of the plan, was adopted by the voters. Since the adoption of the amendment, all state court judges in Wyoming
Wyoming
are nominated by the Judicial Nominating Commission and appointed by the Governor. They are then subject to a retention vote by the electorate one year after appointment.[47] Political history

Treemap
Treemap
of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.

Presidential elections results[48]

Year Republicans Democrats

2016 68.17% 174,419 21.88% 55,973

2012 68.64% 170,962 27.82% 69,286

2008 64.78% 164,958 32.54% 82,868

2004 68.86% 167,629 29.07% 70,776

2000 67.76% 147,947 27.70% 60,481

1996 49.81% 105,388 36.84% 77,934

1992 39.70% 79,347 34.10% 68,160

1988 60.53% 106,867 38.01% 67,113

1984 70.51% 133,241 28.24% 53,370

1980 62.64% 110,700 27.97% 49,427

1976 59.30% 92,717 39.81% 62,239

1972 69.01% 100,464 30.47% 44,358

1968 55.76% 70,927 35.51% 45,173

1964 43.44% 61,998 56.56% 80,718

1960 55.01% 77,451 44.99% 63,331

Wyoming's political history defies easy classification. The state was the first to grant women the right to vote and to elect a woman governor.[49] On December 10, 1869, John Allen Campbell, the first Governor of the Wyoming
Wyoming
Territory, approved the first law in United States history explicitly granting women the right to vote. This day was later commemorated as Wyoming
Wyoming
Day.[49] On November 5, 1889, voters approved the first constitution in the world granting full voting rights to women.[50] While the state elected notable Democrats to federal office in the 1960s and 1970s, politics have become decidedly more conservative since the 1980s as the Republican Party came to dominate the state's congressional delegation. Today, Wyoming
Wyoming
is represented in Washington by its two Senators, Mike Enzi
Mike Enzi
and John Barrasso, and its one member of the House of Representatives, Congresswoman Liz Cheney. All three are Republicans. The state has not voted for a Democrat for president since 1964, one of only eight times since statehood. At present, there is only one relatively reliably Democratic county; affluent Teton and one swing county; college county Albany. In the 2004 presidential election, George W. Bush
George W. Bush
won his second-largest victory, with 69% of the vote. Former Vice President Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
is a Wyoming
Wyoming
resident and represented the state in Congress from 1979 to 1989. Republicans are no less dominant at the state level. They have held a majority in the state senate continuously since 1936 and in the state house since 1964. However, Democrats held the governorship for all but eight years between 1975 and 2011. Uniquely, Wyoming
Wyoming
elected Democrat Nellie Tayloe Ross
Nellie Tayloe Ross
as the first woman in United States
United States
history to serve as state governor. She served from 1925 to 1927, winning a special election after her husband, William Bradford Ross, unexpectedly died a little more than a year into his term.[51] Further information: Political party strength in Wyoming

Voter registration Voter Info is As of May 1, 2017[52]

Party Registered Voters Percentage

Republican 176,355 67.18%

Democratic 47,108 17.94%

No party affiliation 35,745 13.62%

Libertarian Party 2,386 0.91%

Constitution Party 793 0.30%

Other 137 0.05%

Total Voters 262,524 100.00%

Voter Registration by County Republicans have a majority of registered votes in all but 2 counties: Albany and Teton, where they have a plurality of registered voters.

Republican Democratic NPA Libertarian Constitution Others Margin Total

County Voters % Voters % Voters % Voters % Voters % Voters % Voters % Voters

Albany 7,862 45.38% 5,541 31.98% 3,585 20.69% 298 1.72% 39 0.23% 1 0.00% 2,321 13.40% 17,326

Big Horn 4,597 82.84% 451 8.13% 432 7.79% 29 0.52% 40 0.72% 0 0.00% 4,146 74.71% 5,549

Campbell 15,458 82.90% 1,073 5.75% 1,851 9.93% 186 1.00% 51 0.27% 27 0.14% 14,385 77.15% 18,646

Carbon 4,118 62.36% 1,336 20.23% 1,064 16.11% 72 1.09% 13 0.20% 1 0.02% 2,782 42.13% 6,604

Converse 5,499 81.45% 565 8.37% 630 9.33% 30 0.44% 24 0.36% 3 0.04% 4,934 73.08% 6,751

Crook 3,394 86.38% 227 5.78% 270 6.87% 18 0.46% 20 0.51% 0 0.00% 3,167 80.60% 3,929

Fremont 11,546 66.16% 3,516 20.15% 2,187 12.53% 148 0.85% 51 0.29% 3 0.02% 8,030 46.01% 17,451

Goshen 4,472 74.45% 867 14.43% 614 10.22% 36 0.60% 18 0.30% 0 0.00% 3,605 60.02% 6,007

Hot Springs 2,095 78.41% 311 11.64% 244 9.13% 14 0.52% 8 0.30% 0 0.00% 1,784 66.77% 2,672

Johnson 3,857 84.07% 319 6.95% 376 8.20% 23 0.50% 13 0.28% 0 0.00% 3,538 77.12% 4,588

Laramie 25,325 60.35% 9,728 23.18% 6,421 15.30% 347 0.83% 99 0.24% 45 0.11% 15,597 37.17% 41,965

Lincoln 6,957 76.01% 874 9.55% 1,217 13.30% 75 0.82% 27 0.29% 3 0.03% 6,083 66.46% 9,153

Natrona 22,800 67.23% 5,630 16.60% 4,973 14.66% 363 1.07% 145 0.43% 0 0.00% 17,170 50.63% 33,911

Niobrara 1,199 88.81% 73 5.41% 71 5.26% 4 0.30% 3 0.22% 0 0.00% 1,126 83.40% 1,350

Park 12,133 77.82% 1,495 9.59% 1,808 11.60% 109 0.70% 46 0.03% 1 0.01% 10,638 68.23% 15,592

Platte 3,384 72.62% 707 15.17% 492 10.56% 45 0.97% 32 0.69% 0 0.00% 2,677 57.45% 4,660

Sheridan 10,593 70.76% 2,300 15.36% 1,891 12.63% 125 0.83% 27 0.18% 35 0.23% 8,293 55.40% 14,971

Sublette 3,717 82.25% 393 8.70% 381 8.43% 24 0.53% 6 0.13% 1 0.02% 3,324 73.55% 4,519

Sweetwater 9,804 56.22% 4,894 28.06% 2,485 14.25% 198 1.14% 56 0.32% 2 0.01% 4,910 28.16% 17,439

Teton 5,102 38.90% 4,841 36.91% 3,048 23.24% 111 0.85% 11 0.08% 4 0.03% 261 1.99% 13,117

Uinta 6,273 71.94% 1,264 14.50% 1,050 12.04% 83 0.95% 40 0.46% 10 0.11% 5,009 57.44% 8,720

Washakie 3,158 79.47% 435 10.95% 342 8.61% 27 0.68% 12 0.30% 0 0.00% 2,723 68.52% 3,974

Weston 3,015 83.06% 268 7.38% 313 8.62% 21 0.58% 12 0.33% 1 0.03% 2,837 75.68% 3,630

State Total 176,355 67.18% 47,108 17.94% 35,745 13.62% 2,386 0.91% 793 0.30% 137 0.05% 129,247 49.24% 262,524

Culture Languages In 2010, 93.39% (474,343) of Wyomingites over the age of 5 spoke English as their primary language. 4.47% (22,722) spoke Spanish, 0.35% (1,771) spoke German, and 0.28% (1,434) spoke French. Other common non-English languages included Algonquian (0.18%), Russian (0.10%), Tagalog, and Greek (both 0.09%).[53] In 2007, the American Community Survey
American Community Survey
reported that 6.2% (30,419) of Wyoming's population over five years old spoke a language other than English at home. Of those, 68.1% were able to speak English very well, 16.0% spoke English well, 10.9% did not speak English well, and 5.0% did not speak English at all.[54] Religion According to a 2013 Gallup Poll, the religious affiliations of the people of Wyoming
Wyoming
were: 49% Protestants, 18% Catholics, 9% Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and less than 1% Jewish.[55] A 2010 ARDA report recognized as the largest denominations in Wyoming the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) with 62,804 (11%), the Catholic
Catholic
Church with 61,222 (10.8%) and the Southern Baptist Convention with 15,812 adherents (2.8%). The same report counted 59,247 Evangelical Protestants
Protestants
(10.5%), 36,539 Mainline Protestants
Protestants
(6.5%), 785 Eastern Orthodox Christians; 281 Black Protestants, as well as 65,000 adhering to other traditions and 340,552 not claiming any tradition.[56]

Religion in Wyoming
Wyoming
(2014)[57]

Religion

Percent

Protestant

43%

None

26%

Catholic

14%

Mormon

9%

Jehovah's Witness

3%

Other Christian

1%

Buddhist

1%

Other

3%

Sports Due to its sparse population, the state of Wyoming
Wyoming
lacks any major professional sports teams. Some of the most popular sports teams in the state are the University of Wyoming
University of Wyoming
Cowboys and Cowgirls teams – particularly football and basketball, which play in the Mountain West Conference. Their stadiums in Laramie are at about 7,200 feet (2,200 m) above sea level, the highest in NCAA Division I. High school sports are governed by the Wyoming
Wyoming
High School Activities Association, which sponsors 12 sports. Rodeo
Rodeo
is popular in Wyoming, and Casper has hosted the College National Finals Rodeo
Rodeo
since 2001. State symbols

State flower of Wyoming: Indian paintbrush

Main article: List of Wyoming
Wyoming
state symbols List of all Wyoming
Wyoming
state symbols:[1]

State bird: western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) State coin: Sacagawea
Sacagawea
dollar State dinosaur: Triceratops State emblem: Bucking Horse and Rider State fish: cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) State flag: Flag of the State of Wyoming State flower: Wyoming Indian paintbrush
Wyoming Indian paintbrush
(Castilleja linariifolia) State fossil: Knightia State gemstone: Wyoming
Wyoming
nephrite jade State grass: western wheatgrass ( Pascopyrum
Pascopyrum
smithii) State insect: Sheridan's green hairstreak butterfly (Callophrys sheridanii) State mammal: American bison
American bison
(Bison bison) State motto: Equal Rights State nicknames: Equality State; Cowboy State; Big Wyoming State reptile: horned lizard (Phrynosoma douglassi brevirostre) State seal: Great Seal of the State of Wyoming State song: "Wyoming" by Charles E. Winter
Charles E. Winter
& George E. Knapp State sport: rodeo State tree: plains cottonwood (Populus sargentii)

Economy and infrastructure See also: Wyoming
Wyoming
locations by per capita income

Wind farm
Wind farm
in Uinta County

According to the 2012 United States
United States
Bureau of Economic Analysis report, Wyoming's gross state product was $38.4 billion.[58] As of 2014 the population was growing slightly with the most growth in tourist-oriented areas such as Teton County. Boom conditions in neighboring states such as North Dakota
North Dakota
were drawing energy workers away. About half of Wyoming's counties showed population losses.[59] The state makes active efforts through Wyoming
Wyoming
Grown, an internet-based recruitment program, to find jobs for young people educated in Wyoming
Wyoming
who have emigrated but may wish to return.[60] As of November 2015, the state's unemployment rate was 4.0%.[61] The composition of Wyoming's economy differs significantly from that of other states with most activity in tourism, agriculture, and energy extraction; and little in anything else.[60] The mineral extraction industry and travel and tourism sector are the main drivers behind Wyoming's economy. The federal government owns about 50% of its landmass, while 6% is controlled by the state. Total taxable values of mining production in Wyoming
Wyoming
for 2001 was over $6.7 billion. The tourism industry accounts for over $2 billion in revenue for the state. In 2002, more than six million people visited Wyoming's national parks and monuments. The key tourist attractions in Wyoming
Wyoming
include Grand Teton National Park, Yellowstone National Park, Devils Tower
Devils Tower
National Monument, Independence Rock and Fossil Butte National Monument. Each year Yellowstone National Park, the world's first national park, receives three million visitors. Historically, agriculture has been an important component of Wyoming's economy. Its overall importance to the performance of Wyoming's economy has waned. However, agriculture is still an essential part of Wyoming's culture and lifestyle. The main agricultural commodities produced in Wyoming
Wyoming
include livestock (beef), hay, sugar beets, grain (wheat and barley), and wool. More than 91% of land in Wyoming
Wyoming
is classified as rural. Mineral and energy production

A Wyoming
Wyoming
coal mine

Wyoming's mineral commodities include coal, natural gas, coalbed methane, crude oil, uranium, and trona.

Coal: Wyoming
Wyoming
produced 395.5 million short tons (358.8 million metric tons) of coal in 2004, greater than any other state.[62] Wyoming possesses a reserve of 68.7 billion tons (62.3 billion metric tons) of coal. Major coal areas include the Powder River Basin
Powder River Basin
and the Green River Basin Coalbed methane
Coalbed methane
(CBM): The boom for CBM began in the mid-1990s. CBM is characterized as methane gas that is extracted from Wyoming's coal bed seams. It is another means of natural gas production. There has been substantial CBM production in the Powder River Basin. In 2002, the CBM production yield was 327.5 billion cubic feet (9.3 km3). Crude oil: Wyoming
Wyoming
produced 53,400,000 barrels (8,490,000 m3) of crude oil in 2007. The state ranked fifth nationwide in oil production in 2007.[63] Petroleum is most often used as a motor fuel, but it is also utilized in the manufacture of plastics, paints, and synthetic rubber. Diamonds: The Kelsey Lake Diamond Mine, located in Colorado
Colorado
less than 1,000 feet (300 m) from the Wyoming
Wyoming
border, produced gem quality diamonds for several years. The Wyoming
Wyoming
craton, which hosts the kimberlite volcanic pipes that were mined, underlies most of Wyoming. Natural gas: Wyoming
Wyoming
produced 1.77 trillion cubic feet (50.0 billion m3) of natural gas in 2016. The state ranked 6th nationwide for natural gas production in 2016.[64] The major markets for natural gas include industrial, commercial, and domestic heating.

A drilling rig drills for natural gas just west of the Wind River Range in the Wyoming
Wyoming
Rockies.

Trona: Wyoming
Wyoming
possesses the world's largest known reserve of trona,[65] a mineral used for manufacturing glass, paper, soaps, baking soda, water softeners, and pharmaceuticals. In 2008, Wyoming produced 46 million short tons (41.7 million metric tons) of trona, 25% of the world's production.[65] Wind power: Because of Wyoming's geography and high-altitude, the potential for wind power in Wyoming
Wyoming
is one of the highest of any state in the US. The Chokecherry and Sierra Madre Wind Energy Project
Chokecherry and Sierra Madre Wind Energy Project
is the largest commercial wind generation facility under development in North America.[66] Carbon County is home to the largest proposed wind farm in the US. However, construction plans have been halted because of proposed new taxes on wind power energy production.[67] Uranium: Although uranium mining in Wyoming
Wyoming
is much less active than it was in previous decades, recent increases in the price of uranium have generated new interest in uranium prospecting and mining.

Taxes Unlike most other states, Wyoming
Wyoming
does not levy an individual or corporate income tax. In addition, Wyoming
Wyoming
does not assess any tax on retirement income earned and received from another state. Wyoming
Wyoming
has a state sales tax of 4%. Counties have the option of collecting an additional 1% tax for general revenue and a 1% tax for specific purposes, if approved by voters. Food for human consumption is not subject to sales tax.[68] There also is a county lodging tax that varies from 2% to 5%. The state collects a use tax of 5% on items purchased elsewhere and brought into Wyoming. All property tax is based on the assessed value of the property and Wyoming's Department of Revenue's Ad Valorem Tax Division supports, trains, and guides local government agencies in the uniform assessment, valuation and taxation of locally assessed property. "Assessed value" means taxable value; "taxable value" means a percent of the fair market value of property in a particular class. Statutes limit property tax increases. For county revenue, the property tax rate cannot exceed 12 mills (or 1.2%) of assessed value. For cities and towns, the rate is limited to 8 mills (0.8%). With very few exceptions, state law limits the property tax rate for all governmental purposes. Personal property held for personal use is tax-exempt. Inventory if held for resale, pollution control equipment, cash, accounts receivable, stocks and bonds are also exempt. Other exemptions include property used for religious, educational, charitable, fraternal, benevolent and government purposes and improvements for handicapped access. Mine lands, underground mining equipment, and oil and gas extraction equipment are exempt from property tax but companies must pay a gross products tax on minerals and a severance tax on mineral production.[69][70] Wyoming
Wyoming
does not collect inheritance taxes. There is limited estate tax related to federal estate tax collection. In 2008, the Tax Foundation
Tax Foundation
ranked Wyoming
Wyoming
as having the single most "business friendly" tax climate of all 50 states.[71] Wyoming
Wyoming
state and local governments in fiscal year 2007 collected $2.242 billion in taxes, levies, and royalties from the oil and gas industry. The state's mineral industry, including oil, gas, trona, and coal provided $1.3 billion in property taxes from 2006 mineral production.[63] Wyoming
Wyoming
receives more federal tax dollars per capita in aid than any other state except Alaska. The federal aid per capita in Wyoming
Wyoming
is more than double the United States
United States
average.[72] As of 2016, Wyoming
Wyoming
does not require the beneficial owners of LLCs to be disclosed in the filing, which creates an opportunity for a tax haven, according to Clark Stith of Clark Stith & Associates in Rock Springs, Wyoming, a former Republican candidate for Wyoming secretary of state.[73] Transportation

Map of Wyoming
Wyoming
- PDF

The largest airport in Wyoming
Wyoming
is Jackson Hole
Jackson Hole
Airport, with over 500 employees.[74] Three interstate highways and thirteen United States highways pass through Wyoming. In addition, the state is served by the Wyoming
Wyoming
state highway system. Interstate 25 enters the state south of Cheyenne and runs north, intersecting Interstate 80
Interstate 80
immediately west of Cheyenne. It passes through Casper and ends at Interstate 90 near Buffalo. Interstate 80 crosses the Utah
Utah
border west of Evanston and runs east through the southern third of the state, passing through Cheyenne before entering Nebraska
Nebraska
near Pine Bluffs. Interstate 90 comes into Wyoming
Wyoming
near Parkman and cuts through the northeastern part of the state. It serves Gillette and enters South Dakota
South Dakota
east of Sundance. U.S. Routes 14, 16, and the eastern section of U.S. 20 all have their western terminus at the eastern entrance to Yellowstone National Park and pass through Cody. U.S. 14 travels eastward before joining I-90 at Gillette. U.S. 14 then follows I-90 to the South Dakota
South Dakota
border. U.S. 16 and 20 split off of U.S. 14 at Greybull and U.S. 16 turns east at Worland while U.S. 20 continues south Shoshoni. U.S. Route 287
U.S. Route 287
carries traffic from Fort Collins, Colorado
Colorado
into Laramie, Wyoming
Laramie, Wyoming
through a pass between the Laramie Mountains
Laramie Mountains
and the Medicine Bow Mountains, merges with US 30 and I-80 until it reaches Rawlins, where it continues north, passing Lander. Outside of Moran, U.S. 287 is part of a large interchange with U.S. Highways 26, 191, and 89, before continuing north to the southern entrance of Yellowstone. U.S. 287 continues north of Yellowstone, but the two sections are separated by the national park. Other U.S. highways that pass through the state are United States Highways are 18, 26, 30, 85, 87, 89, 189, 191, 212, and 287. Wyoming
Wyoming
is one of only two states (the other being South Dakota) in the 48 contiguous states
48 contiguous states
not served by Amtrak.[75] See also: List of Wyoming
Wyoming
railroads, List of airports in Wyoming, and State highways in Wyoming

Education Main article: List of high schools in Wyoming Public education
Public education
is directed by the state superintendent of public instruction, an elected state official. Educational policies are set by the State Board of Education, a nine-member board appointed by the governor. The constitution prohibits the state from establishing curriculum and textbook selections; these are the prerogatives of local school boards. The Wyoming School for the Deaf was the only in-state school dedicated to supporting deaf students in Wyoming, but it closed in the summer of 2000.[76] Higher education

The Rocky Mountain Herbarium at the University of Wyoming

Main article: List of colleges and universities in Wyoming Wyoming
Wyoming
has one public four-year institution, the University of Wyoming
Wyoming
in Laramie and one private four-year college, Wyoming
Wyoming
Catholic College, in Lander, Wyoming. In addition, there are seven two-year community colleges spread throughout the state. Before the passing of a new law in 2006, Wyoming
Wyoming
had hosted unaccredited institutions, many of them suspected diploma mills.[77] The 2006 law is forcing unaccredited institutions to make one of three choices: move out of Wyoming, close down, or apply for accreditation. The Oregon State Office of Degree Authorization predicts that in a few years the problem of diploma mills in Wyoming
Wyoming
might be resolved.[78] See also

Wyoming
Wyoming
portal

Outline of Wyoming
Outline of Wyoming
– organized list of topics about Wyoming Index of Wyoming-related articles

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– Tax Research Areas – Wyoming". Taxfoundation.org. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "Federal Aid to States for Fiscal Year 2010" (PDF). Retrieved June 4, 2014.  ^ Hamilton, Amy (5 April 2016). "PANAMA PAPERS INCLUDE NEVADA, WYOMING AMONG OFFSHORE TAX HAVENS". 2016 TNT 65-4. Tax Notes Today.  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Airport Improvement Projects - Jackson Hole
Jackson Hole
Airport (JAC), Jackson Hole, Wyoming". Jacksonholeairport.com. Retrieved September 4, 2017.  ^ " Amtrak
Amtrak
National Facts". Amtrak.com. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved March 18, 2016.  ^ Watt, Meghan (October 1, 2007). " Deaf
Deaf
alumni saddened by school's fate". Casper Star-Tribune. Retrieved 2017-04-08.  ^ Alleged "diploma mills" flocking to Wyoming, by Mead Gruver, The Seattle
Seattle
Times, February 9, 2005 ^ Unaccredited Colleges Archived July 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Potential problems with degree suppliers located in these states – Wyoming, Oregon
Oregon
State Office of Degree Authorization

External links

Find more aboutWyomingat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

State of Wyoming
Wyoming
government official website Official Wyoming
Wyoming
State Travel Website – Forever West Wyoming
Wyoming
State Facts from USDA Wyoming
Wyoming
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Geographic data related to Wyoming
Wyoming
at OpenStreetMap

Preceded by Idaho List of U.S. states by date of statehood Admitted on July 10, 1890 (44th) Succeeded by Utah

Topics related to Wyoming Equality State

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 State of Wyoming

Cheyenne (capital)

Topics

Bibliography Governors Delegations History People State symbols Radio stations

Seal of Wyoming

Society

Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics

Regions

Black Hills Grand Teton Great Basin Powder River Country Red Desert Yellowstone

Cities

Buffalo Casper Cheyenne Cody Douglas Evanston Gillette Green River Jackson Lander Laramie Powell Rawlins Riverton Rock Springs Sheridan Torrington Worland

Counties

Albany Big Horn Campbell Carbon Converse Crook Fremont Goshen Hot Springs Johnson Laramie Lincoln Natrona Niobrara Park Platte Sheridan Sublette Sweetwater Teton Uinta Washakie Weston

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Protected areas of Wyoming

Federal

National Parks:

Grand Teton Yellowstone

National Monuments:

Devils Tower Fossil Butte

National Historic Sites:

Fort Laramie

National Historic Trails:

California
California
Trail Mormon
Mormon
Trail Oregon
Oregon
Trail Pony Express

National Wildlife Refuges:

Bamforth Cokeville Meadows Hutton Lake Mortenson Lake Pathfinder Seedskadee National Elk Refuge Jackson National Fish Hatchery

National Recreation Areas:

Bighorn Canyon Flaming Gorge (USFS)

National Forests:

Ashley Bighorn Bridger-Teton Medicine Bow - Routt Shoshone Caribou-Targhee

National Grasslands:

Thunder Basin

Wilderness Areas:

Absaroka-Beartooth Bridger Cloud Peak Encampment River Fitzpatrick Gros Ventre Huston Park Jedediah Smith North Absaroka Platte River Popo Agie Savage Run Teton Washakie Winegar Hole

State

State Parks:

Bear River Boysen Buffalo Bill Curt Gowdy Edness K. Wilkins Glendo Guernsey Hawk Springs Hot Springs Keyhole Seminoe Sinks Canyon

State Historical Sites:

Ames Monument Connor Battlefield Fort Bridger Fort Fetterman Fort Fred Steele Fort Phil Kearny Granger Stage Station Governors' Mansion Independence Rock Legend Rock Medicine Lodge Names Hill Oregon Trail
Oregon Trail
Ruts Piedmont Charcoal Kilns Point of Rocks Stage Station Register Cliff South Pass City Trail End Pioneer Memorial Museum Territorial Park

County

County Parks:

Ayres Natural Bridge

Wyoming Division of State Parks and Historic Sites (web)

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Western United States

Regions

Rocky Mountains Great Basin West Coast Pacific Northwest Mountain States

States

Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming

Major metropolitan areas

Los Angeles Phoenix San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area San Bernardino-Riverside Seattle San Diego Denver Portland Las Vegas Sacramento

Major cities

Anchorage Albuquerque Denver Honolulu Las Vegas Los Angeles Long Beach Oakland Phoenix Portland Reno Riverside Sacramento San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Jose Salt Lake City Seattle Spokane Tucson

State capitals

Boise Carson City Cheyenne Denver Helena Honolulu Juneau Olympia Phoenix Sacramento Salem Salt Lake City Santa Fe

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  New France
New France
(1534–1763)

Subdivisions

Acadia
Acadia
(1604–1713) Canada (1608–1763) Pays d'en Haut Domaine du roy Louisiana
Louisiana
(1682–1762, 1802–1803) Illinois Country
Illinois Country
Ohio
Ohio
Country Newfoundland (1662–1713) Île Royale (1713–1763)

Towns

Acadia
Acadia
(Port Royal) Canada

Quebec Trois-Rivières Montreal Détroit

Île Royale

Louisbourg

Louisiana

Mobile Biloxi New Orleans

Newfoundland

Plaisance

List of towns

Forts

Fort Rouillé Fort Michilimackinac Fort de Buade Fort de Chartres Fort Detroit Fort Carillon Fort Condé Fort Duquesne Fortress of Louisbourg Castle Hill Fort St. Louis (Illinois) Fort St. Louis (Texas) List of Forts

Government

Canada

Governor General Intendant Sovereign Council Bishop of Quebec Governor of Trois-Rivières Governor of Montreal

Acadia

Governor Lieutenant-General

Newfoundland

Governor Lieutenant-General

Louisiana

Governor Intendant Superior Council

Île Royale

Governor Intendant Superior Council

Law

Intendancy Superior Council Admiralty court Provostship Officiality Seigneurial court Bailiff Maréchaussée Code Noir

Economy

Seigneurial system Fur trade Company of 100 Associates Crozat's Company Mississippi
Mississippi
Company Compagnie de l'Occident Chemin du Roy Coureur des bois Voyageurs

Society

Population

1666 census

Habitants King's Daughters Casquette girls Métis Amerindians Slavery Plaçage Gens de couleur libres

Religion

Jesuit missions Récollets Grey Nuns Ursulines Sulpicians

War and peace

Military of New France Intercolonial Wars French and Iroquois Wars Great Upheaval Great Peace of Montreal Schenectady massacre Deerfield massacre

Related

French colonization of the Americas French colonial empire History of Quebec History of the Acadians History of the French-Americans French West Indies Carib Expulsion Atlantic slave trade

Category Portal Commons

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New Spain
New Spain
(1521–1821)

Conflicts

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
Spanish conquest of Guatemala
Spanish conquest of Guatemala
Spanish conquest of Yucatán
Spanish conquest of Yucatán
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
Anglo-Spanish War (1625–30)
Anglo-Spanish War (1625–30)
Dutch Revolt
Dutch Revolt
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
Piracy in the Caribbean
Piracy in the Caribbean
Queen Anne's War
Queen Anne's War
War of Jenkins' Ear
War of Jenkins' Ear
→ Seven Years' War → Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War

Conflicts with indigenous peoples during colonial rule

Mixtón War
Mixtón War
Yaqui Wars
Yaqui Wars
Chichimeca War
Chichimeca War
Philippine revolts against Spain
Philippine revolts against Spain
Acaxee Rebellion
Acaxee Rebellion
Spanish–Moro conflict
Spanish–Moro conflict
Acoma Massacre
Acoma Massacre
Tepehuán Revolt
Tepehuán Revolt
→ Tzeltal Rebellion → Pueblo Revolt
Pueblo Revolt
Pima Revolt
Pima Revolt
→ Spanish American wars of independence

Government and administration

Central government

Habsburg Spain

Charles I Joanna of Castile Philip II Philp III Philip IV Charles II

Bourbon Spain

Philip V (also reigned after Louis I) Louis I Ferdinand VI Charles III Charles IV Ferdinand VII of Spain
Ferdinand VII of Spain
(also reigned after Joseph I)

Viceroys of New Spain

List of viceroys of New Spain

Audiencias

Guadalajara Captaincy General of Guatemala Manila Mexico Santo Domingo

Captancies General

Cuba Guatemala Philippines Puerto Rico Santo Domingo Yucatán Provincias Internas

Intendancy

Havana New Orleans State of Mexico Chiapas Comayagua Nicaragua Camagüey Santiago de Cuba Guanajuato Valladolid Guadalajara Zacatecas San Luis Potosí Veracruz Puebla Oaxaca Durango Sonora Mérida, Yucatán

Politics

Viceroy Gobernaciones Adelantado Captain general Corregidor (position) Cabildo Encomienda

Treaties

Treaty of Tordesillas Treaty of Zaragoza Peace of Westphalia Treaty of Ryswick Treaty of Utrecht Congress of Breda Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762) Treaty of Paris (1783) Treaty of Córdoba Adams–Onís Treaty

Notable cities, provinces, & territories

Cities

Mexico City Veracruz Xalapa Puebla Toluca Cuernavaca Oaxaca Morelia Acapulco Campeche Mérida Guadalajara Durango Monterrey León Guanajuato Zacatecas Pachuca Querétaro Saltillo San Luis Potosí Los Ángeles Yerba Buena (San Francisco) San José San Diego Santa Fe Albuquerque El Paso Los Adaes San Antonio Tucson Pensacola St. Augustine Havana Santo Domingo San Juan Antigua Guatemala Cebu Manila

Provinces & territories

La Florida Las Californias Santa Fe de Nuevo México Alta California Baja California Tejas Nueva Galicia Nueva Vizcaya Nueva Extremadura New Kingdom of León Cebu Bulacan Pampanga

Other areas

Spanish Formosa

Explorers, adventurers & conquistadors

Pre-New Spain explorers

Christopher Columbus Ferdinand Magellan Juan Sebastián Elcano Vasco Núñez de Balboa Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar

Explorers & conquistadors

Hernán Cortés Juan Ponce de León Nuño de Guzmán Bernal Díaz del Castillo Pedro de Alvarado Pánfilo de Narváez Hernando de Soto Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo Miguel López de Legazpi Ángel de Villafañe Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Luis de Carabajal y Cueva Juan de Oñate Juan José Pérez Hernández Gaspar de Portolà Manuel Quimper Cristóbal de Oñate Andrés de Urdaneta Ruy López de Villalobos Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador) Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua) Gil González Dávila Francisco de Ulloa Juan José Pérez Hernández Dionisio Alcalá Galiano Bruno de Heceta Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra Alonso de León Ignacio de Arteaga y Bazán José de Bustamante y Guerra José María Narváez Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa Antonio Gil Y'Barbo Alexander von Humboldt Thomas Gage

Catholic
Catholic
Church in New Spain

Spanish missions in the Americas

Spanish missions in Arizona Spanish missions in Baja California Spanish missions in California Spanish missions in the Carolinas Spanish missions in Florida Spanish missions in Georgia Spanish missions in Louisiana Spanish missions in Mexico Spanish missions in New Mexico Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert Spanish missions in Texas Spanish missions in Virginia Spanish missions in Trinidad

Friars, fathers, priests, & bishops

Pedro de Gante Gerónimo de Aguilar Toribio de Benavente Motolinia Bernardino de Sahagún Juan de Zumárraga Alonso de Montúfar Vasco de Quiroga Bartolomé de las Casas Alonso de Molina Diego Durán Diego de Landa Gerónimo de Mendieta Juan de Torquemada Juan de Palafox y Mendoza Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora Eusebio Kino Francisco Javier Clavijero Junípero Serra Francisco Palóu Fermín Lasuén Esteban Tápis José Francisco de Paula Señan Mariano Payeras Sebastián Montero Marcos de Niza Francisco de Ayeta Antonio Margil Francisco Marroquín Manuel Abad y Queipo Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla José María Morelos

Other events

Suppression of the Jesuits California
California
mission clash of cultures Cargo system Indian Reductions

Society and culture

Indigenous peoples

Mesoamerican

Aztec Maya Huastec Mixtec P'urhépecha Totonac Pipil Kowoj K'iche' Kaqchikel Zapotec Poqomam Mam

Caribbean

Arawak Ciboney Guanajatabey

California

Mission Indians Cahuilla Chumash Cupeño Juaneño Kumeyaay Luiseño Miwok Mohave Ohlone Serrano Tongva

Southwestern

Apache Coahuiltecan Cocopa Comanche Hopi Hualapai La Junta Navajo Pima Puebloan Quechan Solano Yaqui Zuni

North-Northwest Mexico

Acaxee Chichimeca Cochimi Kiliwa Ópata Tepehuán

Florida
Florida
& other Southeastern tribes

Indigenous people during De Soto's travels Apalachee Calusa Creek Jororo Pensacola Seminole Timucua Yustaga

Filipino people

Negrito Igorot Mangyan Peoples of Palawan Ati Panay Lumad Bajau Tagalog Cebuano

Others

Taiwanese aborigines Chamorro people

Architecture

Spanish Colonial style by country Colonial Baroque style Forts Missions

Trade & economy

Real Columbian Exchange Manila galleon Triangular trade

People & classes

Casta

Peninsulars

Criollo Indios Mestizo Castizo Coyotes Pardos Zambo Negros

People

Juan Bautista de Anza Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo Francis Drake Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Eusebio Kino La Malinche Fermín Lasuén Limahong Moctezuma II Junípero Serra Hasekura Tsunenaga

New Spain
New Spain
Portal

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Political divisions of the United States

States

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Federal district

Washington, D.C.

Insular areas

American Samoa Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands

Outlying islands

Baker Island Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Navassa Island Palmyra Atoll Wake Island

Indian reservations

List of Indian reservations

Coordinates: 43°00′N 107°30′W / 43°N 107.5°W / 43; -107.5

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155923263 LCCN: n79022108 ISNI: 0000 0004 0424 3755 GND: 4067130-6 SELIBR: 162696 SUDOC: 176154604 NDL: 00629

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