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WAL-MART STORES, INC., doing business as WALMART, is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets , discount department stores , and grocery stores . Headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas , the company was founded by Sam Walton in 1962 and incorporated on October 31, 1969. It also owns and operates Sam\'s Club retail warehouses . As of October 31, 2017, Walmart
Walmart
has 11,703 stores and clubs in 28 countries, operating under 59 different names.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 1945–1969: Early history * 1.2 1969–1990: Incorporation and growth as a regional power * 1.3 1990–2005: Retail
Retail
rise to multinational status * 1.4 2005–2010: Initiatives * 1.5 2011–present: Continued developments * 1.6 2000s crime problem

* 2 Operating divisions

* 2.1 Walmart
Walmart
U.S.

* 2.1.1 Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter * 2.1.2 Walmart
Walmart
Discount Store * 2.1.3 Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market
* 2.1.4 Former stores and concepts * 2.1.5 Initiatives

* 2.2 Walmart
Walmart
International

* 2.2.1 Latin America

* 2.2.1.1 Argentina * 2.2.1.2 Brazil
Brazil
* 2.2.1.3 Central America * 2.2.1.4 Chile
Chile
* 2.2.1.5 Mexico

* 2.2.2 Canada
Canada
and EMEA

* 2.2.2.1 Canada
Canada
* 2.2.2.2 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* 2.2.2.3 Africa

* 2.2.3 Asia * 2.2.4 Setbacks * 2.2.5 Corruption charges

* 2.3 Sam\'s Club * 2.4 Global eCommerce

* 3 Subsidiaries

* 3.1 Vudu
Vudu
* 3.2 Private label brands * 3.3 Entertainment * 3.4 Online commerce acquisitions and plans

* 4 Corporate affairs

* 4.1 Finance and governance * 4.2 Ownership * 4.3 Competition * 4.4 Customer base

* 4.5 Technology

* 4.5.1 Open source software * 4.5.2 Big data
Big data
analytics

* 5 Charity * 6 Economic impact

* 7 Labor relations

* 7.1 Gender and sexual orientation

* 8 Animal welfare * 9 Criticism and controversies * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Walmart

1945–1969: EARLY HISTORY

Sam Walton's original Walton's Five and Dime store in Bentonville , Arkansas
Arkansas
, now serving as The Walmart
Walmart
Museum

In 1945, businessman and former J. C. Penney
J. C. Penney
employee Sam Walton purchased a branch of the Ben Franklin stores from the Butler Brothers . His primary focus was selling products at low prices to get higher-volume sales at a lower profit margin , portraying it as a crusade for the consumer. He experienced setbacks because the lease price and branch purchase were unusually high, but he was able to find lower-cost suppliers than those used by other stores. He passed on the savings in the product pricing. Sales increased 45 percent in his first year of ownership to US$105,000 in revenue, which increased to $140,000 the next year and $175,000 the year after that. Within the fifth year, the store was generating $250,000 in revenue. When the lease for the location expired, Walton was unable to reach an agreement for renewal, so he opened up a new store at 105 N. Main Street in Bentonville, naming it "Walton's Five and Dime". That store is now the Walmart
Walmart
Museum. Original logo, 1962–1964 Logo used 1964–1981 Logo used 1981–1992 Logo used 1992–2008

On July 2, 1962, Walton opened the first Walmart
Walmart
Discount City store at 719 W. Walnut Street in Rogers, Arkansas
Rogers, Arkansas
. The building is now occupied by a hardware store and an antique mall, while the company's "Store #1" has since relocated to a larger discount store and now expanded to a Supercenter several blocks west at 2110 W. Walnut Street. Within its first five years, the company expanded to 24 stores across Arkansas
Arkansas
and reached US$12.6 million in sales. In 1968, it opened its first stores outside Arkansas, in Sikeston, Missouri and Claremore, Oklahoma .

1969–1990: INCORPORATION AND GROWTH AS A REGIONAL POWER

The company was incorporated as WAL-MART, INC. on October 31, 1969, and changed its name to WAL-MART STORES, INC. in 1970. The same year, it opened its home office and first distribution center in Bentonville , Arkansas
Arkansas
. It had 38 stores operating with 1,500 employees and sales of $44.2 million. It began trading stock as a publicly held company on October 1, 1970 and was soon listed on the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
. The first stock split occurred in May 1971 at a price of $47. By this time, Walmart
Walmart
was operating in five states: Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and Oklahoma; it entered Tennessee in 1973 and Kentucky and Mississippi in 1974. As it moved into Texas in 1975, there were 125 stores with 7,500 employees and total sales of $340.3 million.

In the 1980s, Walmart
Walmart
continued to grow rapidly, and by its 25th anniversary in 1987, there were 1,198 stores with sales of $15.9 billion and 200,000 associates. This year also marked the completion of the company's satellite network, a $24 million investment linking all operating units with the Bentonville office via two-way voice and data transmission and one-way video communication. At the time, it was the largest private satellite network, allowing the corporate office to track inventory and sales and to instantly communicate to stores. In 1988, Walton stepped down as CEO and was replaced by David Glass . Walton remained as Chairman
Chairman
of the Board. Inside the Walmart Supercenter in West Plains, Missouri
West Plains, Missouri

With the contribution of its superstores, the company surpassed Toys "R" Us in toy sales in the late 1990s.

1990–2005: RETAIL RISE TO MULTINATIONAL STATUS

While it was the No. 3 retailer in the U.S., Walmart
Walmart
was more profitable than rivals Kmart
Kmart
and Sears
Sears
by the late 1980s. By 1990, it became the largest U.S. retailer by revenue.

Prior to the summer of 1990, Walmart
Walmart
had no presence on the West Coast or in the Northeast (except for a single Sam's Club in New Jersey which opened in November 1989), but in July and October that year, it opened its first stores in California
California
and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
, respectively. By the mid-1990s, it was far and away the most powerful retailer in the U.S. and expanded into Mexico in 1991 and Canada
Canada
in 1994. Walmart
Walmart
stores opened throughout the rest of the U.S., with Vermont being the last state to get a store in 1995.

The company also opened stores outside North America, entering South America in 1995 with stores in Argentina and Brazil; and Europe in July 1999, buying Asda
Asda
in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for US$10 billion.

In 1998, Walmart
Walmart
introduced the Neighborhood Market concept with three stores in Arkansas. By 2005, estimates indicate that the company controlled about 20 percent of the retail grocery and consumables business.

In 2000, H. Lee Scott became Walmart's President and CEO as the company's sales increased to $165 billion. In 2002, it was listed for the first time as America's largest corporation on the Fortune 500 list, with revenues of $219.8 billion and profits of $6.7 billion. It has remained there every year except 2006, 2009, and 2012.

In 2005, Walmart
Walmart
reported US$312.4 billion in sales, more than 6,200 facilities around the world – including 3,800 stores in the United States and 2,800 elsewhere, employing more than 1.6 million associates. Its U.S. presence grew so rapidly that only small pockets of the country remained more than 60 miles (97 kilometres) from the nearest store.

As Walmart
Walmart
rapidly expanded into the world's largest corporation, many critics worried about its effect on local communities, particularly small towns with many "mom and pop " stores. There have been several studies on the economic impact of Walmart
Walmart
on small towns and local businesses, jobs, and taxpayers. In one, Kenneth Stone, a professor of economics at Iowa State University
Iowa State University
, found that some small towns can lose almost half of their retail trade within ten years of a Walmart
Walmart
store opening. However, in another study, he compared the changes to what small town shops had faced in the past – including the development of the railroads, the advent of the Sears
Sears
Roebuck catalog, and the arrival of shopping malls – and concluded that shop owners who adapt to changes in the retail market can thrive after Walmart
Walmart
arrives. A later study in collaboration with Mississippi State University
Mississippi State University
showed that there are "both positive and negative impacts on existing stores in the area where the new supercenter locates."

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina
in September 2005, Walmart
Walmart
used its logistics network to organize a rapid response to the disaster, donating $20 million, 1,500 truckloads of merchandise, food for 100,000 meals, and the promise of a job for every one of its displaced workers. An independent study by Steven Horwitz of St. Lawrence University found that Walmart, The Home Depot
The Home Depot
, and Lowe\'s made use of their local knowledge about supply chains, infrastructure, decision makers and other resources to provide emergency supplies and reopen stores well before the Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Emergency Management Agency
(FEMA) began its response. While the company was overall lauded for its quick response amidst criticism of FEMA, several critics were quick to point out that there still remained issues with the company's labor relations.

2005–2010: INITIATIVES

Solar modules mounted on a Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter in Caguas, Puerto Rico

In October 2005, Walmart
Walmart
announced several environmental measures to increase energy efficiency . The primary goals included spending $500 million a year to increase fuel efficiency in Walmart's truck fleet by 25 percent over three years and double it within ten, reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent in seven years, reduce energy use at stores by 30 percent, and cut solid waste from U.S. stores and Sam's Clubs by 25 percent in three years. CEO Lee Scott said that Walmart's goal was to be a "good steward of the environment" and ultimately use only renewable energy sources and produce zero waste. The company also designed three new experimental stores with wind turbines , photovoltaic solar panels, biofuel -capable boilers, water-cooled refrigerators, and xeriscape gardens. Despite much criticism of its environmental record, Walmart
Walmart
took a few steps in what some viewed as a positive direction, which included becoming the biggest seller of organic milk and the biggest buyer of organic cotton in the world, while reducing packaging and energy costs. Walmart
Walmart
also spent nearly a year working with outside consultants to discover the company's total environmental impact and find areas for improvement. Walmart
Walmart
created its own electric company in Texas, Texas Retail Energy, planned to supply its stores with cheap power purchased at wholesale prices. Through this new venture, the company expects to save $15 million annually and also to lay the groundwork and infrastructure to sell electricity to Texas consumers in the future.

In March 2006, Walmart
Walmart
sought to appeal to a more-affluent demographic. The company launched a new Supercenter concept in Plano, Texas , intended to compete against stores seen as more upscale and appealing, such as Target . The new store has wood floors, wider aisles, a sushi bar, a coffee/sandwich shop with free Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
Internet access, and more expensive beers, wines, electronics, and other goods. The exterior has a hunter green background behind the Walmart
Walmart
letters, similar to Neighborhood Market by Walmarts, instead of the blue previously used at its supercenters.

On September 12, 2007, Walmart
Walmart
introduced new advertising with the slogan , "Save money. Live better.", replacing "Always Low Prices, Always", which it had used for the previous 19 years. Global Insight , which conducted the research that supported the ads, found that Walmart's price level reduction resulted in savings for consumers of $287 billion in 2006, which equated to $957 per person or $2,500 per household (up 7.3 percent from the 2004 savings estimate of $2,329).

On June 30, 2008, Walmart
Walmart
removed the hyphen from its logo and replaced the star with a Spark symbol that resembles a sunburst, flower, or star. The new logo received mixed reviews from design critics, who questioned whether the new logo was as bold as those of competitors, such as the Target bullseye or as instantly recognizable as the previous company logo, which was used for 18 years. The new logo made its debut on the company's website on July 1, 2008. Walmart's U.S. locations were to update store logos in the fall of 2008, as part of an ongoing evolution of its brand. Walmart
Walmart
Canada started to adopt the logo for its stores in early 2009.

On March 20, 2009, Walmart
Walmart
announced that it was paying a combined US$933.6 million in bonuses to every full and part-time hourly worker. This was in addition to $788.8 million in profit sharing , 401(k) pension contributions, hundreds of millions of dollars in merchandise discounts, and contributions to the employees' stock purchase plan. While the economy at large was in an ongoing recession , Walmart reported solid financial figures for the most recent fiscal year (ending January 31, 2009), with $401.2 billion in net sales, a gain of 7.2 percent from the prior year. Income from continuing operations increased 3 percent to $13.3 billion, and earnings per share rose 6 percent to $3.35.

On February 22, 2010, the company confirmed it was acquiring video streaming company Vudu, Inc. for an estimated $100 million.

2011–PRESENT: CONTINUED DEVELOPMENTS

Truck converted to run on biofuel

Walmart's truck fleet logs millions of miles each year, and the company planned to double the fleet's efficiency between 2005 and 2015. The truck pictured on the right is one of 15 based at Walmart's Buckeye, Arizona , distribution center that was converted to run on biofuel from reclaimed cooking grease made during food preparation at Walmart
Walmart
stores.

In January 2011, Walmart
Walmart
announced a program to improve the nutritional value of its store brands over five years, gradually reducing the amount of salt and sugar and completely eliminating trans fat . Walmart
Walmart
also promised to negotiate with suppliers with respect to nutritional issues, reduce prices for whole foods and vegetables, and open stores in low-income areas, so-called "food deserts ", where there are no supermarkets. On April 23, 2011, the company announced that it was testing its new " Walmart
Walmart
To Go" home delivery system where customers will be able to order specific items offered on their website. The initial test was in San Jose, California
California
, and the company has not yet said whether the delivery system will be rolled out nationwide.

On November 14, 2012, Walmart
Walmart
launched its first mail subscription service called Goodies. Customers pay a $7 monthly subscription for five to eight delivered food samples each month, so they can try new foods.

In August 2013, the firm announced it was in talks to acquire a majority stake in the Kenya
Kenya
-based supermarket chain, Naivas .

In June 2014, some Walmart
Walmart
employees went on strike in major U.S. cities demanding higher wages. In July 2014, American actor and comedian Tracy Morgan launched a lawsuit against Walmart
Walmart
seeking punitive damages over a multi-car pile-up which the suit alleges was caused by the driver of one of the firm's tractor-trailers who had not slept for 24 hours. Morgan's limousine was apparently hit by the trailer, injuring him and two fellow passengers and killing a fourth, fellow comedian James McNair. Walmart
Walmart
settled with the McNair family for $10 million, while admitting no liability. Morgan and Walmart reached a settlement in 2015 for an undisclosed amount, though Walmart
Walmart
later accused its insurers of "bad faith" in refusing to pay the settlement.

In 2015, the company closed five stores on short notice for plumbing repairs. However, employees and the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union (UFCW) alleged some stores were closed in retaliation for strikes aimed at increasing wages and improving working conditions. The UFCW filed a complaint with the National Labor Relations Board . All five stores have since reopened. On October 14, 2015, Walmart
Walmart
saw its stock fall 10 percent. In 2015, Walmart
Walmart
was the biggest US commercial producer of solar power with 142 MW capacity , and had 17 energy storage projects. This solar was primarily on rooftops, whereas there is an additional 20,000 m2 for solar canopies over parking lots.

On January 15, 2016, Walmart
Walmart
announced it would close 269 stores in 2016, affecting 16,000 workers. 154 of these stores earmarked for closure were in the U.S. (150 Walmart
Walmart
U.S. stores, 115 Walmart International stores, and 4 Sam's Clubs). 95 percent of these U.S. stores were located, on average, 10 miles from another Walmart
Walmart
store. The 269 stores represented less than 1 percent of global square footage and revenue for the company. All 102 locations of Walmart Express, which had been in a pilot program since 2011, were included in the closures. Walmart
Walmart
planned to focus on "strengthening Supercenters, optimizing Neighborhood Markets, growing the e-commerce business and expanding pickup services for customers". In fiscal 2017, the company plans to open between 50 and 60 Supercenters, 85 to 95 Neighborhood Markets, 7 to 10 Sam's Clubs, and 200 to 240 international locations. At the end of fiscal 2016, Walmart
Walmart
opened 38 Supercenters and relocated, expanded or converted 21 discount stores into Supercenters, for a total of 59 Supercenters, and opened 69 Neighborhood Markets, 8 Sam's Clubs, and 173 international locations, and relocated, expanded or converted 4 locations for a total of 177 international locations. On August 8, 2016, Walmart
Walmart
announced a deal to acquire e-commerce website Jet.com for US$3.3 billion Jet.com co-founder and CEO Marc Lore stayed on to run Jet.com in addition to Walmart's existing U.S. e-commerce operation. The acquisition was structured as a payout of $3 billion in cash, and an additional $300 million in Walmart
Walmart
stock vested over time as part of an incentive bonus plan for Jet.com executives. On October 19, 2016, Walmart announced it would partner with IBM
IBM
and Tsinghua University to track the pork supply chain in China
China
using blockchain.

On February 15, 2017, Walmart
Walmart
announced the acquisition of Moosejaw, a leading online active outdoor retailer, for approximately $51 million. The acquisition closed on February 13, 2017. On June 16, 2017, Walmart
Walmart
agreed to acquire the men's apparel company Bonobos for $310 million in an effort to expand its fashion holdings. As the deal's announcement coincided with Amazon\'s acquisition of Whole Foods Market , the stock market reacted negatively, with Walmart's holdings on the NYSE falling by 6%. On September 29, 2017, Walmart acquired Parcel, a technology-based, same-day and last-mile delivery company in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
. The acquisition announcement saw Walmart
Walmart
shares rise more than 1%. On December 6, 2017, Walmart
Walmart
announced that it will change its corporate name to Walmart
Walmart
Inc. from Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
Stores Inc. effective February 1, 2018

2000S CRIME PROBLEM

According to an August 2016 report by Bloomberg Businessweek , aggressive cost-cutting decisions that began in 2000 when Lee Scott took over as CEO of the company led to a significant increase in crime in stores across the United States. These included the removal of the store's famed greeters, which are seen as a theft deterrent at exits, the replacement of many cashiers with self-checkout stations, and the addition of stores at a rate that exceeded the hiring of new employees, which led to a 19 percent increase in space per employee from a decade previous. While these decisions succeeded in increasing profits 23 percent in the decade that followed, it led to an increase in both theft and violent crime. During 2016, the year the report was published, more than 200 violent crimes, including attempted kidnappings and multiple stabbings, shootings, and murders, occurred at the 4,500 Walmarts in the U.S., approximately one a day, with petty crimes committed on Walmart
Walmart
properties nationwide predicted to be in the hundreds of thousands by the end of that year. In 2015, under CEO Doug McMillon , Walmart
Walmart
began a company-wide campaign to reduce crime that includes spot-checking receipts at exits, stationing employees at self-checkout areas, eye-level security cameras in high-theft areas, use of data analytics to detect credit fraud, hiring off-duty police and private security officers, and reducing calls to police with a program by which first-time offenders caught stealing merchandise below a certain value can avoid arrest if they agree to go through a theft-prevention program. Police chiefs and their officers in various locations around the U.S., however, were quoted in the report stating that the problem was continuing unabated, and that the need for constant police presence at Walmarts was a drain on police resources, one that Walmart
Walmart
needed to address by doing more to combat crime at its stores.

OPERATING DIVISIONS

See also: List of assets owned by Walmart Map of Walmart
Walmart
stores in the U.S., as of August 2010

Walmart's operations are organized into four divisions: Walmart
Walmart
U.S., Walmart
Walmart
International, Sam\'s Club and Global eCommerce. The company offers various retail formats throughout these divisions, including supercenters, supermarkets, hypermarkets, warehouse clubs, cash-and-carry stores, home improvement, specialty electronics, restaurants, apparel stores, drugstores, convenience stores, and digital retail.

WALMART U.S.

WALMART U.S. is the company's largest division, accounting for US$298.38 billion, or 62.3 percent of total sales, for fiscal 2016. It consists of three retail formats that have become commonplace in the United States: Supercenters , Discount Stores , Neighborhood Markets , and other small formats. The discount stores sell a variety of mostly non-grocery products, though emphasis has now shifted towards supercenters, which include more groceries. As of October 31, 2017, there are a total of 4,752 Walmart
Walmart
U.S. stores. A Walmart Supercenter in North Richland Hills, Texas
North Richland Hills, Texas
that opened in 1991 as a discount store, later expanded to a supercenter, in June 2016

WALMART SUPERCENTERS, branded simply as "Walmart", are hypermarkets with sizes varying from 69,000 to 260,000 square feet (6,400 to 24,200 square meters), but averaging about 178,000 square feet (16,500 square meters). These stock general merchandise and a full-service supermarket, including meat and poultry, baked goods , delicatessen , frozen foods , dairy products, garden produce , and fresh seafood. Many Walmart
Walmart
Supercenters also have a garden center, pet shop , pharmacy , Tire "> there were 3,552 Walmart
Walmart
Supercenters in 49 of the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The exterior of the Walmart
Walmart
Discount Store in Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte, North Carolina
The exterior of a multi-entrance Walmart
Walmart
Discount Store in Bellingham, Washington

WALMART DISCOUNT STORES, also branded as simply "Walmart", are discount department stores with sizes varying from 30,000 to 206,000 square feet (2,800 to 19,100 square meters), with the average store covering 104,000 square feet (9,700 square meters). They carry general merchandise and limited groceries . Some newer and remodeled discount stores have an expanded grocery department, similar to Target's PFresh department. Many of these stores also feature a garden center, pharmacy, Tire "> there were 402 Walmart
Walmart
Discount Stores in 41 states and Puerto Rico. Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market
in Houston
Houston
, Texas

WALMART NEIGHBORHOOD MARKET sometimes branded as "Neighborhood Market by Walmart" or informally known as "Neighborhood Walmart", is Walmart's chain of smaller grocery stores ranging from 28,000 to 66,000 square feet (2,600 to 6,100 square meters) and averaging about 42,000 square feet (3,900 square metres), about a fifth of the size of a Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter. The first Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market
opened in 1998, yet Walmart
Walmart
renewed its focus on the smaller grocery store format in the 2010s.

The stores focus on three of Walmart's major sales categories: groceries, which account for about 55 percent of the company's revenue, pharmacy, and, at some stores, fuel. For groceries and consumables, the stores sell fresh produce, deli and bakery items, prepared foods, meat, dairy, organic, general grocery and frozen foods, in addition to cleaning products and pet supplies. Some stores offer wine and beer sales and drive-through pharmacies. Some stores, such as one at Midtown Center in Bentonville, Arkansas, offer made-to-order pizza with a seating area for eating. Customers can also use Walmart's site-to-store operation and pick up online orders at Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market
stores.

Products at Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market
stores carry the same prices as those at Walmart's larger supercenters. A Moody\'s analyst said the wider company's pricing structure gives the chain of grocery stores a "competitive advantage" over competitors Whole Foods , Kroger
Kroger
and Trader Joe\'s .

Neighborhood Market stores expanded slowly at first as a way to fill gaps between Walmart
Walmart
Supercenters and Discount Stores in existing markets. In its first 12 years, the company opened about 180 Walmart Neighborhood Markets. By 2010, Walmart
Walmart
said it was ready to accelerate its expansion plans for the grocery stores. As of October 31, 2017, there were 701 Walmart
Walmart
Neighborhood Markets, 2015 photo of a Walmart
Walmart
Express branded as a Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market
in Alma, Georgia that closed in 2016 2009 photo of the now-closed Supermercado de Walmart
Walmart
in Spring Branch , Houston
Houston
A Walmart Neighborhood Market in San Bernardino, California, parcel now vacant

Walmart
Walmart
opened SUPERMERCADO DE WALMART locations to appeal to Hispanic communities in the United States. The first one, a 39,000-square-foot (3,600-square-meter) store in the Spring Branch area of Houston
Houston
, opened on April 29, 2009. The store was a conversion of an existing Walmart
Walmart
Neighborhood Market. In 2009, another Supermercado de Walmart
Walmart
opened in Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
. Both locations closed in 2014. In 2009, Walmart
Walmart
opened "Mas Club", a warehouse retail operation patterned after Sam's Club. Its lone store closed in 2014.

WALMART EXPRESS was a chain of smaller discount stores with a range of services from groceries to check cashing and gasoline service. The concept was focused on small towns deemed unable to support a larger store, and large cities where space was at a premium. Walmart
Walmart
planned to build 15 to 20 Walmart
Walmart
Express stores, focusing on Arkansas, North Carolina and Chicago, by the end of its fiscal year in January 2012. As of September 2014, Walmart
Walmart
re-branded all of its Express format stores to Neighborhood Markets in an effort to streamline its retail offer. It continued to open new Express stores under the Neighborhood Market name. As of October 31, 2017, there were 97 small-format stores in the United States. These include Amigo (17 locations), E-Commerce Acquisition / C-stores (61 locations), and other store formats (19 locations), a chain of gas station/convenience stores. the service is available in 39 U.S. states.

In May 2016, Walmart
Walmart
announced a change to ShippingPass, its three-day shipping service, and that it will move from a three-day delivery to two-day delivery to remain competitive with Amazon. Walmart
Walmart
priced it at 49 dollars per year, compared to Amazon Prime's 99 dollar per year price.

In June 2016, Walmart
Walmart
and Sam's Club announced that they would begin testing a last-mile grocery delivery that used services including Uber , Lyft
Lyft
, and Deliv , to bring customers' orders to their homes. Walmart
Walmart
customers would be able to shop using the company's online grocery service at grocery.walmart.com, then request delivery at checkout for a small fee. The first tests were planned to go live in Denver and Phoenix.

WALMART INTERNATIONAL

Walmart
Walmart
international locations (former locations in red)

As of October 31, 2017, Walmart's international operations comprised 6,291 stores there are a total of 4,043 locations in Latin America, which consists of locations in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. operates 107 stores under the banners Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter (32 locations), Changomas (52 locations), Changomas Express (9 locations), Mi Changomas (8 locations), and Walmart
Walmart
Supermercado (6 locations). Bompreço
Bompreço
in Natal, Brazil
Natal, Brazil

In 2004, Walmart
Walmart
bought the 118 stores in the Bompreço
Bompreço
supermarket chain in northeastern Brazil. In late 2005, it took control of the Brazilian operations of Sonae Distribution Group through its new subsidiary, WMS Supermercados do Brasil, thus acquiring control of the Nacional and Mercadorama supermarket chains, the leaders in the Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná states, respectively. None of these stores were rebranded. As of January 2014, Walmart
Walmart
operated 61 Super- Bompreço
Bompreço
stores, 39 Hiper- Bompreço
Bompreço
stores. It also ran 57 Walmart
Walmart
Supercenters, 27 Sam's Clubs, and 174 Todo Dia stores. With the acquisition of Bompreço
Bompreço
and Sonae, by 2010, Walmart
Walmart
was the third-largest supermarket chain in Brazil, behind Carrefour
Carrefour
and Pão de Açúcar . Walmart
Walmart
Brasil, the operating company, has its head office in Barueri
Barueri
, São Paulo State, and regional offices in Curitiba , Paraná; Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre
, Rio Grande do Sul; Recife
Recife
, Pernambuco; and Salvador , Bahia. As of October 31, 2017, Walmart Brasil operates 485 stores under the banners Todo Dia (144 locations), Naconial (Sonae) (51 locations), Supermarket
Supermarket
(Bompreço) (59 locations), Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter (54 locations), Maxxi Atacado (Sonae) (44 locations), BIG (Sonae) (37 locations), Hypermarket
Hypermarket
(Bompreço) (38 locations), Sam's Club (27 locations), Mercadorama (Sonae) (10 locations), Walmart
Walmart
Posto (Gas Station) (14 locations), Supermercado Todo Dia (3 locations), and Hiper Todo Dia (4 locations). consists of 232 stores in Guatemala (under the Paiz , Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter , Despensa Familiar , and Maxi Dispensa banners), 91 stores in El Salvador (under the Despensa Familiar , La Despensa de Don Juan , Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter , and Maxi Despensa banners), 101 stores in Honduras (including the Paiz , Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter , Dispensa Familiar , and Maxi Despensa banners), 95 stores in Nicaragua (including the Pali , La Unión , Maxi Pali , and Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter banners), and 244 stores in Costa Rica (including the Maxi Pali , Mas X Menos , Walmart
Walmart
Supercenter , and Pali banners ).

Chile

In January 2009, the company acquired a controlling interest in the largest grocer in Chile
Chile
, Distribución y Servicio D"> Walmart
Walmart
Chile operates 371 stores under the banners Lider Hiper (85 locations), Lider Express (84 locations), Superbodega Acuenta (110 locations), Ekono (88 locations), and Central Mayorista (4 locations). Walmart's Mexico division, the largest outside the U.S., consisted of 2,317 stores. there are a total of 1,464 stores in Canada
Canada
and Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), which the latter consists of locations in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Walmart
Walmart
Supercentre in Richmond Hill , Canada
Canada

Walmart
Walmart
has operated in Canada
Canada
since it acquired 122 stores comprising the Woolco division of Woolworth Canada, Inc in 1994. As of October 31, 2017, it operates 410 locations (including 331 supercentres and 79 discount stores) it employs 89,358 people, with a local home office in Mississauga
Mississauga
, Ontario. Walmart Canada
Walmart Canada
's first three Supercentres (spelled in Canadian English
Canadian English
) opened in November 2006 in Hamilton , London , and Aurora , Ontario. The 100th Canadian Supercentre opened in July 2010, in Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria, British Columbia
.

In 2010, Walmart Canada
Walmart Canada
Bank was introduced with the launch of the Walmart
Walmart
Rewards MasterCard.

United Kingdom

Main article: Asda
Asda
Walmart's UK subsidiary, Asda
Asda

Walmart's UK subsidiary Asda
Asda
(which retained its name after being acquired by Walmart) accounted for 42.7 percent of 2006 sales of Walmart's international division. In contrast to the U.S. operations, Asda
Asda
was originally and still remains primarily a grocery chain, but with a stronger focus on non-food items than most UK supermarket chains other than Tesco
Tesco
. As of October 31, 2017, Asda
Asda
had 638 stores, including 147 from the 2010 acquisition of Netto UK . In addition to small suburban Asda
Asda
Supermarkets, which has 209 locations, larger stores are branded Supercentres, which has 32 locations. Other banners include Asda
Asda
Superstores (341 locations), Asda
Asda
Living (33 locations), and Asda
Asda
Petrol Fueling Station (23 locations). it has 378 stores in South Africa
South Africa
(under the banners Game Foodco , CBW , Game , Builders Express , Builders Warehouse , Cambridge , Dion Wired , Rhino , Makro , Builders Trade Depot , Jumbo , and Builders Superstore ), 11 stores in Botswana (under the banners CBW , Game Foodco , and Builders Warehouse ), 2 store in Ghana under the banners Game (1 location) and Game Foodco (1 location), 1 store in Kenya
Kenya
(under the Game Foodco banner), 3 stores in Lesotho (under the banners CBW and Game ), 2 stores in Malawi (under the Game banner), 5 stores in Mozambique (under the banners Builders Warehouse , Game Foodco , and CBW ), 4 stores in Namibia (under the banners Game Foodco , Game , and CBW ), 5 stores in Nigeria (under the banners Game and Game Foodco , 1 store in Swaziland (under the CBW banner), 1 store in Tanzania (under the Game banner), 1 store in Uganda (under the Game banner), and 5 stores in Zambia (under the banners CBW , Game and Builders Warehouse ). A Walmart
Walmart
in Hangzhou
Hangzhou
, China

As of October 31, 2017, there are currently a total of 781 stores in three Asian countries: China, Japan, and India. Walmart
Walmart
China (沃尔玛 Wò'ērmǎ) operates 424 stores under the Walmart Supercenter (386 locations), Sam's Club (18 locations), Neighborhood Market (2 locations) and Hypermarket
Hypermarket
(18 locations) banners. As of October 31, 2017, there are 337 stores under the Seiyu (Hypermarket) (91 locations), Seiyu (Supermarket) (236 locations), Seiyu (General Merchandise) (1 location), and Livin (9 locations) banners.(PDF). Ministry of Commerce ">(PDF) on February 22, 2016. * ^ " Walmart
Walmart
hopes to open first India
India
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Walmart
\'bribe\', says opposition". The Times of India. December 11, 2012. * ^ "US defends Walmart
Walmart
India
India
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Walmart
Inquiry Reflects Alarm on Corruption". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2012. * ^ Bajaj, Vikas (November 23, 2012). " India
India
Unit of Walmart Suspends Employees". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2012. * ^ "Bharti, Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
end joint venture". October 10, 2013. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. * ^ "Metro übernimmt Walmart" Archived June 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. (in German). ka-news. August 3, 2006 * ^ "Schnitte" Archived March 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. (in German). Die Zeit
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Die Welt
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Walmart
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Bribery
Case Hushed Up by Walmart
Walmart
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Walmart
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Bribery
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Bribery
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Wal-Mart
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Wal-Mart
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Walmart
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Walmart
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Arkansas
roots helped sensitize it to the shopping habits of churchgoers. It helps explain why Walmart
Walmart
long carries the kind of Christian books that were once the exclusive province of Christian bookstores. "You don't find those kinds of things in J.C. Penney," Lambert says. But Walmart
Walmart
has been so successful with such material that it's now become a business threat to Christian booksellers. * ^ A B Sellers, Jeff M. (April 22, 2005). "Deliver Us from Wal-Mart?". Christianity Today . Archived from the original on January 7, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2014. Indeed, based in the Bible Belt town of Bentonville, Arkansas, Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
has a tradition of tailoring its service to churchgoing customers. It sells only the sanitized versions of hip-hop cds bearing warnings of objectionable content. Responding to a campaign by the largest evangelical mutual fund group, The Timothy Plan, to keep Cosmopolitan magazine covers out of view of Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
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Wal-Mart
Stores has seen the light. The world's biggest retailer has discovered Christian-themed merchandise is one of the fastest-growing categories around. With offerings ranging from best-selling books and videos including The Purpose Driven Life and Veggie Tales, Wal-Mart's annual sales from Christian-themed merchandise, which is estimated to already exceed $1 billion annually, is growing at a rapid pace. On a company-wide basis, Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
now offers 550 different Christian music titles and more than 1,200 Christian book titles. * ^ Sellers, Jeff M. (April 22, 2005). "Deliver Us from Wal-Mart?". Christianity Today. Archived from the original on January 7, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2014. In addition, according to Forbes
Forbes
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Wal-Mart
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VeggieTales
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FURTHER READING

* Barstow, Davie (December 18, 2012). " Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
Abroad". The New York Times. New York: The New York Times
The New York Times
Company . * Fishman, Charles (2006). The Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
Effect: How the World\'s Most Powerful Company Really Works—and How It\'s Transforming the American Economy. New York: The Penguin Press . ISBN 978-1-59420-076-2 . Archived from the original on June 29, 2015. * Gereffi, Gary; Michelle, Christian (2009). "The Impacts of Wal-Mart: The Rise and Consequences of the World\'s Dominant Retailer". Annual Review of Sociology. 35: 573–591. doi :10.1146/annurev-soc-070308-115947 . * Ingram, Paul; Yue, Lori Qingyuan; Rao, Hayagreeva (July 2010). "Trouble in Store: Probes, Protests, and Store Openings by Wal‐Mart, 1998–2007". American Journal of Sociology . University of Chicago Press . 116 (1): 53–92. doi :10.1086/653596 . JSTOR
JSTOR
653596 . * Lichtenstein, Nelson (2009). The Retail
Retail
Revolution: How Wal-Mart Created a Brave New World of Business. New York: Metropolitan Books . ISBN 978-0-8050-7966-1 . * Vance, Sandra Stringer; Scott, Roy V. (1997). Wal-Mart: A History of Sam Walton's Retail
Retail
Phenomenon. New York: Twayne Publishers . ISBN 978-0-8057-9832-6 . * Peled, Micha (2001). Store Wars: When Wal-Mart