WAL-MART STORES, INC., doing business as WALMART, is an American
multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets
, discount department stores , and grocery stores . Headquartered in
Bentonville, Arkansas , the company was founded by
Sam Walton in 1962
and incorporated on October 31, 1969. It also owns and operates Sam\'s
Club retail warehouses . As of October 31, 2017,
Walmart has 11,703
stores and clubs in 28 countries, operating under 59 different names.
* 1 History
* 1.1 1945–1969: Early history
* 1.2 1969–1990: Incorporation and growth as a regional power
* 1.3 1990–2005:
Retail rise to multinational status
* 1.4 2005–2010: Initiatives
* 1.5 2011–present: Continued developments
* 1.6 2000s crime problem
* 2 Operating divisions
Walmart Discount Store
Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market
* 2.1.4 Former stores and concepts
* 2.1.5 Initiatives
* 2.2.1 Latin America
* 188.8.131.52 Argentina
* 184.108.40.206 Central America
* 220.127.116.11 Mexico
Canada and EMEA
* 18.104.22.168 Africa
* 2.2.3 Asia
* 2.2.4 Setbacks
* 2.2.5 Corruption charges
* 2.3 Sam\'s Club
* 2.4 Global eCommerce
* 3 Subsidiaries
Private label brands
* 3.3 Entertainment
* 3.4 Online commerce acquisitions and plans
* 4 Corporate affairs
* 4.1 Finance and governance
* 4.2 Ownership
* 4.3 Competition
* 4.4 Customer base
* 4.5 Technology
* 4.5.1 Open source software
Big data analytics
* 5 Charity
* 6 Economic impact
* 7 Labor relations
* 7.1 Gender and sexual orientation
* 9 Criticism and controversies
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 Further reading
* 13 External links
History of Walmart
1945–1969: EARLY HISTORY
Sam Walton's original Walton's Five and Dime store in
Arkansas , now serving as The
In 1945, businessman and former
J. C. Penney
J. C. Penney employee Sam Walton
purchased a branch of the Ben Franklin stores from the Butler Brothers
. His primary focus was selling products at low prices to get
higher-volume sales at a lower profit margin , portraying it as a
crusade for the consumer. He experienced setbacks because the lease
price and branch purchase were unusually high, but he was able to find
lower-cost suppliers than those used by other stores. He passed on the
savings in the product pricing. Sales increased 45 percent in his
first year of ownership to US$105,000 in revenue, which increased to
$140,000 the next year and $175,000 the year after that. Within the
fifth year, the store was generating $250,000 in revenue. When the
lease for the location expired, Walton was unable to reach an
agreement for renewal, so he opened up a new store at 105 N. Main
Street in Bentonville, naming it "Walton's Five and Dime". That
store is now the
Walmart Museum. Original logo, 1962–1964
Logo used 1964–1981 Logo used 1981–1992 Logo used
On July 2, 1962, Walton opened the first
Walmart Discount City store
at 719 W. Walnut Street in
Rogers, Arkansas . The building is now
occupied by a hardware store and an antique mall, while the company's
"Store #1" has since relocated to a larger discount store and now
expanded to a Supercenter several blocks west at 2110 W. Walnut
Street. Within its first five years, the company expanded to 24 stores
Arkansas and reached US$12.6 million in sales. In 1968, it
opened its first stores outside Arkansas, in
Sikeston, Missouri and
Claremore, Oklahoma .
1969–1990: INCORPORATION AND GROWTH AS A REGIONAL POWER
The company was incorporated as WAL-MART, INC. on October 31, 1969,
and changed its name to WAL-MART STORES, INC. in 1970. The same year,
it opened its home office and first distribution center in Bentonville
Arkansas . It had 38 stores operating with 1,500 employees and sales
of $44.2 million. It began trading stock as a publicly held company on
October 1, 1970 and was soon listed on the
New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange .
The first stock split occurred in May 1971 at a price of $47. By this
Walmart was operating in five states: Arkansas, Kansas,
Louisiana, Missouri, and Oklahoma; it entered Tennessee in 1973 and
Kentucky and Mississippi in 1974. As it moved into Texas in 1975,
there were 125 stores with 7,500 employees and total sales of $340.3
In the 1980s,
Walmart continued to grow rapidly, and by its 25th
anniversary in 1987, there were 1,198 stores with sales of $15.9
billion and 200,000 associates. This year also marked the completion
of the company's satellite network, a $24 million investment linking
all operating units with the Bentonville office via two-way voice and
data transmission and one-way video communication. At the time, it was
the largest private satellite network, allowing the corporate office
to track inventory and sales and to instantly communicate to stores.
In 1988, Walton stepped down as CEO and was replaced by David Glass .
Walton remained as
Chairman of the Board. Inside the Walmart
West Plains, Missouri
West Plains, Missouri
With the contribution of its superstores, the company surpassed Toys
"R" Us in toy sales in the late 1990s.
1990–2005: RETAIL RISE TO MULTINATIONAL STATUS
While it was the No. 3 retailer in the U.S.,
Walmart was more
profitable than rivals
Sears by the late 1980s. By 1990, it
became the largest U.S. retailer by revenue.
Prior to the summer of 1990,
Walmart had no presence on the West
Coast or in the Northeast (except for a single
Sam's Club in New
Jersey which opened in November 1989), but in July and October that
year, it opened its first stores in
respectively. By the mid-1990s, it was far and away the most powerful
retailer in the U.S. and expanded into Mexico in 1991 and
Walmart stores opened throughout the rest of the U.S., with
Vermont being the last state to get a store in 1995.
The company also opened stores outside North America, entering South
America in 1995 with stores in Argentina and Brazil; and Europe in
July 1999, buying
Asda in the
United Kingdom for US$10 billion.
Walmart introduced the Neighborhood Market concept with
three stores in Arkansas. By 2005, estimates indicate that the
company controlled about 20 percent of the retail grocery and
In 2000, H. Lee Scott became Walmart's President and CEO as the
company's sales increased to $165 billion. In 2002, it was listed for
the first time as America's largest corporation on the Fortune 500
list, with revenues of $219.8 billion and profits of $6.7 billion. It
has remained there every year except 2006, 2009, and 2012.
Walmart reported US$312.4 billion in sales, more than 6,200
facilities around the world – including 3,800 stores in the United
States and 2,800 elsewhere, employing more than 1.6 million
associates. Its U.S. presence grew so rapidly that only small pockets
of the country remained more than 60 miles (97 kilometres) from the
Walmart rapidly expanded into the world's largest corporation,
many critics worried about its effect on local communities,
particularly small towns with many "mom and pop " stores. There have
been several studies on the economic impact of
Walmart on small towns
and local businesses, jobs, and taxpayers. In one, Kenneth Stone, a
professor of economics at
Iowa State University
Iowa State University , found that some
small towns can lose almost half of their retail trade within ten
years of a
Walmart store opening. However, in another study, he
compared the changes to what small town shops had faced in the past
– including the development of the railroads, the advent of the
Sears Roebuck catalog, and the arrival of shopping malls – and
concluded that shop owners who adapt to changes in the retail market
can thrive after
Walmart arrives. A later study in collaboration with
Mississippi State University
Mississippi State University showed that there are "both positive and
negative impacts on existing stores in the area where the new
In the aftermath of
Hurricane Katrina in September 2005,
its logistics network to organize a rapid response to the disaster,
donating $20 million, 1,500 truckloads of merchandise, food for
100,000 meals, and the promise of a job for every one of its displaced
workers. An independent study by Steven Horwitz of St. Lawrence
University found that Walmart,
The Home Depot
The Home Depot , and Lowe\'s made use
of their local knowledge about supply chains, infrastructure, decision
makers and other resources to provide emergency supplies and reopen
stores well before the
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
began its response. While the company was overall lauded for its
quick response amidst criticism of FEMA, several critics were quick to
point out that there still remained issues with the company's labor
Solar modules mounted on a
Walmart Supercenter in Caguas, Puerto
In October 2005,
Walmart announced several environmental measures to
increase energy efficiency . The primary goals included spending $500
million a year to increase fuel efficiency in Walmart's truck fleet by
25 percent over three years and double it within ten, reduce
greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent in seven years, reduce energy
use at stores by 30 percent, and cut solid waste from U.S. stores and
Sam's Clubs by 25 percent in three years. CEO Lee Scott said that
Walmart's goal was to be a "good steward of the environment" and
ultimately use only renewable energy sources and produce zero waste.
The company also designed three new experimental stores with wind
turbines , photovoltaic solar panels, biofuel -capable boilers,
water-cooled refrigerators, and xeriscape gardens. Despite much
criticism of its environmental record,
Walmart took a few steps in
what some viewed as a positive direction, which included becoming the
biggest seller of organic milk and the biggest buyer of organic cotton
in the world, while reducing packaging and energy costs.
spent nearly a year working with outside consultants to discover the
company's total environmental impact and find areas for improvement.
Walmart created its own electric company in Texas, Texas Retail
Energy, planned to supply its stores with cheap power purchased at
wholesale prices. Through this new venture, the company expects to
save $15 million annually and also to lay the groundwork and
infrastructure to sell electricity to Texas consumers in the future.
In March 2006,
Walmart sought to appeal to a more-affluent
demographic. The company launched a new Supercenter concept in Plano,
Texas , intended to compete against stores seen as more upscale and
appealing, such as Target . The new store has wood floors, wider
aisles, a sushi bar, a coffee/sandwich shop with free
access, and more expensive beers, wines, electronics, and other goods.
The exterior has a hunter green background behind the
similar to Neighborhood Market by Walmarts, instead of the blue
previously used at its supercenters.
On September 12, 2007,
Walmart introduced new advertising with the
slogan , "Save money. Live better.", replacing "Always Low Prices,
Always", which it had used for the previous 19 years.
Global Insight ,
which conducted the research that supported the ads, found that
Walmart's price level reduction resulted in savings for consumers of
$287 billion in 2006, which equated to $957 per person or $2,500 per
household (up 7.3 percent from the 2004 savings estimate of $2,329).
On June 30, 2008,
Walmart removed the hyphen from its logo and
replaced the star with a Spark symbol that resembles a sunburst,
flower, or star. The new logo received mixed reviews from design
critics, who questioned whether the new logo was as bold as those of
competitors, such as the Target bullseye or as instantly recognizable
as the previous company logo, which was used for 18 years. The new
logo made its debut on the company's website on July 1, 2008.
Walmart's U.S. locations were to update store logos in the fall of
2008, as part of an ongoing evolution of its brand.
started to adopt the logo for its stores in early 2009.
On March 20, 2009,
Walmart announced that it was paying a combined
US$933.6 million in bonuses to every full and part-time hourly worker.
This was in addition to $788.8 million in profit sharing , 401(k)
pension contributions, hundreds of millions of dollars in merchandise
discounts, and contributions to the employees' stock purchase plan.
While the economy at large was in an ongoing recession , Walmart
reported solid financial figures for the most recent fiscal year
(ending January 31, 2009), with $401.2 billion in net sales, a gain of
7.2 percent from the prior year. Income from continuing operations
increased 3 percent to $13.3 billion, and earnings per share rose 6
percent to $3.35.
On February 22, 2010, the company confirmed it was acquiring video
Vudu, Inc. for an estimated $100 million.
2011–PRESENT: CONTINUED DEVELOPMENTS
Truck converted to run on biofuel
Walmart's truck fleet logs millions of miles each year, and the
company planned to double the fleet's efficiency between 2005 and
2015. The truck pictured on the right is one of 15 based at Walmart's
Buckeye, Arizona , distribution center that was converted to run on
biofuel from reclaimed cooking grease made during food preparation at
In January 2011,
Walmart announced a program to improve the
nutritional value of its store brands over five years, gradually
reducing the amount of salt and sugar and completely eliminating trans
Walmart also promised to negotiate with suppliers with respect
to nutritional issues, reduce prices for whole foods and vegetables,
and open stores in low-income areas, so-called "food deserts ", where
there are no supermarkets. On April 23, 2011, the company announced
that it was testing its new "
Walmart To Go" home delivery system where
customers will be able to order specific items offered on their
website. The initial test was in San Jose,
California , and the
company has not yet said whether the delivery system will be rolled
On November 14, 2012,
Walmart launched its first mail subscription
service called Goodies. Customers pay a $7 monthly subscription for
five to eight delivered food samples each month, so they can try new
In August 2013, the firm announced it was in talks to acquire a
majority stake in the
Kenya -based supermarket chain,
In June 2014, some
Walmart employees went on strike in major U.S.
cities demanding higher wages. In July 2014, American actor and
Tracy Morgan launched a lawsuit against
punitive damages over a multi-car pile-up which the suit alleges was
caused by the driver of one of the firm's tractor-trailers who had not
slept for 24 hours. Morgan's limousine was apparently hit by the
trailer, injuring him and two fellow passengers and killing a fourth,
fellow comedian James McNair.
Walmart settled with the McNair family
for $10 million, while admitting no liability. Morgan and Walmart
reached a settlement in 2015 for an undisclosed amount, though
Walmart later accused its insurers of "bad faith" in refusing to pay
In 2015, the company closed five stores on short notice for plumbing
repairs. However, employees and the United Food and Commercial
Workers International Union (UFCW) alleged some stores were closed in
retaliation for strikes aimed at increasing wages and improving
working conditions. The UFCW filed a complaint with the National
Labor Relations Board . All five stores have since reopened. On
October 14, 2015,
Walmart saw its stock fall 10 percent. In 2015,
Walmart was the biggest US commercial producer of solar power with 142
MW capacity , and had 17 energy storage projects. This solar was
primarily on rooftops, whereas there is an additional 20,000 m2 for
solar canopies over parking lots.
On January 15, 2016,
Walmart announced it would close 269 stores in
2016, affecting 16,000 workers. 154 of these stores earmarked for
closure were in the U.S. (150
Walmart U.S. stores, 115 Walmart
International stores, and 4 Sam's Clubs). 95 percent of these U.S.
stores were located, on average, 10 miles from another
The 269 stores represented less than 1 percent of global square
footage and revenue for the company. All 102 locations of Walmart
Express, which had been in a pilot program since 2011, were included
in the closures.
Walmart planned to focus on "strengthening
Supercenters, optimizing Neighborhood Markets, growing the e-commerce
business and expanding pickup services for customers". In fiscal 2017,
the company plans to open between 50 and 60 Supercenters, 85 to 95
Neighborhood Markets, 7 to 10 Sam's Clubs, and 200 to 240
international locations. At the end of fiscal 2016,
Walmart opened 38
Supercenters and relocated, expanded or converted 21 discount stores
into Supercenters, for a total of 59 Supercenters, and opened 69
Neighborhood Markets, 8 Sam's Clubs, and 173 international locations,
and relocated, expanded or converted 4 locations for a total of 177
international locations. On August 8, 2016,
Walmart announced a deal
to acquire e-commerce website
Jet.com for US$3.3 billion Jet.com
co-founder and CEO
Marc Lore stayed on to run
Jet.com in addition to
Walmart's existing U.S. e-commerce operation. The acquisition was
structured as a payout of $3 billion in cash, and an additional $300
Walmart stock vested over time as part of an incentive
bonus plan for
Jet.com executives. On October 19, 2016, Walmart
announced it would partner with
IBM and Tsinghua University to track
the pork supply chain in
China using blockchain.
On February 15, 2017,
Walmart announced the acquisition of Moosejaw,
a leading online active outdoor retailer, for approximately $51
million. The acquisition closed on February 13, 2017. On June 16,
Walmart agreed to acquire the men's apparel company Bonobos for
$310 million in an effort to expand its fashion holdings. As the
deal's announcement coincided with Amazon\'s acquisition of Whole
Foods Market , the stock market reacted negatively, with Walmart's
holdings on the NYSE falling by 6%. On September 29, 2017, Walmart
acquired Parcel, a technology-based, same-day and last-mile delivery
Brooklyn . The acquisition announcement saw
rise more than 1%. On December 6, 2017,
Walmart announced that it
will change its corporate name to
Walmart Inc. from
Inc. effective February 1, 2018
2000S CRIME PROBLEM
According to an August 2016 report by
Bloomberg Businessweek ,
aggressive cost-cutting decisions that began in 2000 when Lee Scott
took over as CEO of the company led to a significant increase in crime
in stores across the United States. These included the removal of the
store's famed greeters, which are seen as a theft deterrent at exits,
the replacement of many cashiers with self-checkout stations, and the
addition of stores at a rate that exceeded the hiring of new
employees, which led to a 19 percent increase in space per employee
from a decade previous. While these decisions succeeded in increasing
profits 23 percent in the decade that followed, it led to an increase
in both theft and violent crime. During 2016, the year the report was
published, more than 200 violent crimes, including attempted
kidnappings and multiple stabbings, shootings, and murders, occurred
at the 4,500 Walmarts in the U.S., approximately one a day, with petty
crimes committed on
Walmart properties nationwide predicted to be in
the hundreds of thousands by the end of that year. In 2015, under CEO
Doug McMillon ,
Walmart began a company-wide campaign to reduce crime
that includes spot-checking receipts at exits, stationing employees at
self-checkout areas, eye-level security cameras in high-theft areas,
use of data analytics to detect credit fraud, hiring off-duty police
and private security officers, and reducing calls to police with a
program by which first-time offenders caught stealing merchandise
below a certain value can avoid arrest if they agree to go through a
theft-prevention program. Police chiefs and their officers in various
locations around the U.S., however, were quoted in the report stating
that the problem was continuing unabated, and that the need for
constant police presence at Walmarts was a drain on police resources,
Walmart needed to address by doing more to combat crime at
List of assets owned by Walmart Map of
in the U.S., as of August 2010
Walmart's operations are organized into four divisions:
Walmart International, Sam\'s Club and Global eCommerce. The company
offers various retail formats throughout these divisions, including
supercenters, supermarkets, hypermarkets, warehouse clubs,
cash-and-carry stores, home improvement, specialty electronics,
restaurants, apparel stores, drugstores, convenience stores, and
WALMART U.S. is the company's largest division, accounting for
US$298.38 billion, or 62.3 percent of total sales, for fiscal 2016.
It consists of three retail formats that have become commonplace in
the United States: Supercenters , Discount Stores , Neighborhood
Markets , and other small formats. The discount stores sell a variety
of mostly non-grocery products, though emphasis has now shifted
towards supercenters, which include more groceries. As of October 31,
2017, there are a total of 4,752
Walmart U.S. stores. A Walmart
North Richland Hills, Texas
North Richland Hills, Texas that opened in 1991 as a
discount store, later expanded to a supercenter, in June 2016
WALMART SUPERCENTERS, branded simply as "Walmart", are hypermarkets
with sizes varying from 69,000 to 260,000 square feet (6,400 to 24,200
square meters), but averaging about 178,000 square feet (16,500 square
meters). These stock general merchandise and a full-service
supermarket, including meat and poultry, baked goods , delicatessen ,
frozen foods , dairy products, garden produce , and fresh seafood.
Walmart Supercenters also have a garden center, pet shop ,
pharmacy , Tire "> there were 3,552
Walmart Supercenters in 49 of the
50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The
exterior of the
Walmart Discount Store in
Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte, North Carolina
The exterior of a multi-entrance
Walmart Discount Store in
WALMART DISCOUNT STORES, also branded as simply "Walmart", are
discount department stores with sizes varying from 30,000 to 206,000
square feet (2,800 to 19,100 square meters), with the average store
covering 104,000 square feet (9,700 square meters). They carry
general merchandise and limited groceries . Some newer and remodeled
discount stores have an expanded grocery department, similar to
Target's PFresh department. Many of these stores also feature a garden
center, pharmacy, Tire "> there were 402
Walmart Discount Stores in
41 states and Puerto Rico.
Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market in
WALMART NEIGHBORHOOD MARKET sometimes branded as "Neighborhood Market
by Walmart" or informally known as "Neighborhood Walmart", is
Walmart's chain of smaller grocery stores ranging from 28,000 to
66,000 square feet (2,600 to 6,100 square meters) and averaging about
42,000 square feet (3,900 square metres), about a fifth of the size of
Walmart Supercenter. The first
Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market opened
in 1998, yet
Walmart renewed its focus on the smaller grocery store
format in the 2010s.
The stores focus on three of Walmart's major sales categories:
groceries, which account for about 55 percent of the company's
revenue, pharmacy, and, at some stores, fuel. For groceries and
consumables, the stores sell fresh produce, deli and bakery items,
prepared foods, meat, dairy, organic, general grocery and frozen
foods, in addition to cleaning products and pet supplies. Some
stores offer wine and beer sales and drive-through pharmacies. Some
stores, such as one at Midtown Center in Bentonville, Arkansas, offer
made-to-order pizza with a seating area for eating. Customers can
also use Walmart's site-to-store operation and pick up online orders
Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market stores.
Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market stores carry the same prices
as those at Walmart's larger supercenters. A Moody\'s analyst said the
wider company's pricing structure gives the chain of grocery stores a
"competitive advantage" over competitors
Whole Foods ,
Trader Joe\'s .
Neighborhood Market stores expanded slowly at first as a way to fill
Walmart Supercenters and Discount Stores in existing
markets. In its first 12 years, the company opened about 180 Walmart
Neighborhood Markets. By 2010,
Walmart said it was ready to
accelerate its expansion plans for the grocery stores. As of October
31, 2017, there were 701
Walmart Neighborhood Markets, 2015 photo
Walmart Express branded as a
Walmart Neighborhood Market
Walmart Neighborhood Market in Alma,
Georgia that closed in 2016 2009 photo of the now-closed
Walmart in Spring Branch ,
Houston A Walmart
Neighborhood Market in San Bernardino, California, parcel now vacant
Walmart opened SUPERMERCADO DE WALMART locations to appeal to
Hispanic communities in the United States. The first one, a
39,000-square-foot (3,600-square-meter) store in the Spring Branch
Houston , opened on April 29, 2009. The store was a
conversion of an existing
Walmart Neighborhood Market. In 2009,
another Supermercado de
Walmart opened in
Phoenix, Arizona . Both
locations closed in 2014. In 2009,
Walmart opened "Mas Club", a
warehouse retail operation patterned after Sam's Club. Its lone store
closed in 2014.
WALMART EXPRESS was a chain of smaller discount stores with a range
of services from groceries to check cashing and gasoline service. The
concept was focused on small towns deemed unable to support a larger
store, and large cities where space was at a premium.
to build 15 to 20
Walmart Express stores, focusing on Arkansas, North
Carolina and Chicago, by the end of its fiscal year in January 2012.
As of September 2014,
Walmart re-branded all of its Express format
stores to Neighborhood Markets in an effort to streamline its retail
offer. It continued to open new Express stores under the Neighborhood
Market name. As of October 31, 2017, there were 97 small-format
stores in the United States. These include Amigo (17 locations),
E-Commerce Acquisition / C-stores (61 locations), and other store
formats (19 locations), a chain of gas station/convenience stores.
the service is available in 39 U.S. states.
In May 2016,
Walmart announced a change to ShippingPass, its
three-day shipping service, and that it will move from a three-day
delivery to two-day delivery to remain competitive with Amazon.
Walmart priced it at 49 dollars per year, compared to Amazon Prime's
99 dollar per year price.
In June 2016,
Sam's Club announced that they would begin
testing a last-mile grocery delivery that used services including Uber
Lyft , and
Deliv , to bring customers' orders to their homes.
Walmart customers would be able to shop using the company's online
grocery service at grocery.walmart.com, then request delivery at
checkout for a small fee. The first tests were planned to go live in
Denver and Phoenix.
Walmart international locations (former locations in red)
As of October 31, 2017, Walmart's international operations comprised
6,291 stores there are a total of 4,043 locations in Latin America,
which consists of locations in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica,
El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. operates 107
stores under the banners
Walmart Supercenter (32 locations), Changomas
(52 locations), Changomas Express (9 locations), Mi Changomas (8
Walmart Supermercado (6 locations).
Walmart bought the 118 stores in the
chain in northeastern Brazil. In late 2005, it took control of the
Brazilian operations of Sonae Distribution Group through its new
subsidiary, WMS Supermercados do Brasil, thus acquiring control of the
Nacional and Mercadorama supermarket chains, the leaders in the Rio
Grande do Sul and Paraná states, respectively. None of these stores
were rebranded. As of January 2014,
Walmart operated 61
Bompreço stores, 39 Hiper-
Bompreço stores. It also ran 57
Walmart Supercenters, 27 Sam's Clubs, and 174 Todo Dia stores. With
the acquisition of
Bompreço and Sonae, by 2010,
Walmart was the
third-largest supermarket chain in Brazil, behind
Carrefour and Pão
de Açúcar .
Walmart Brasil, the operating company, has its head
Barueri , São Paulo State, and regional offices in Curitiba
Porto Alegre , Rio Grande do Sul;
Recife , Pernambuco; and
Salvador , Bahia. As of October 31, 2017,
Walmart Brasil operates
485 stores under the banners Todo Dia (144 locations), Naconial
(Sonae) (51 locations),
Supermarket (Bompreço) (59 locations),
Walmart Supercenter (54 locations), Maxxi Atacado (Sonae) (44
locations), BIG (Sonae) (37 locations),
Hypermarket (Bompreço) (38
Sam's Club (27 locations), Mercadorama (Sonae) (10
Walmart Posto (Gas Station) (14 locations), Supermercado
Todo Dia (3 locations), and Hiper Todo Dia (4 locations). consists of
232 stores in Guatemala (under the Paiz ,
Walmart Supercenter ,
Despensa Familiar , and Maxi Dispensa banners), 91 stores in El
Salvador (under the Despensa Familiar , La Despensa de Don Juan ,
Walmart Supercenter , and Maxi Despensa banners), 101 stores in
Honduras (including the Paiz ,
Walmart Supercenter , Dispensa Familiar
, and Maxi Despensa banners), 95 stores in Nicaragua (including the
Pali , La Unión , Maxi Pali , and
Walmart Supercenter banners),
and 244 stores in Costa Rica (including the Maxi Pali , Mas X Menos ,
Walmart Supercenter , and Pali banners ).
In January 2009, the company acquired a controlling interest in the
largest grocer in
Chile , Distribución y Servicio D">
operates 371 stores under the banners Lider Hiper (85 locations),
Lider Express (84 locations), Superbodega Acuenta (110 locations),
Ekono (88 locations), and Central Mayorista (4 locations). Walmart's
Mexico division, the largest outside the U.S., consisted of 2,317
stores. there are a total of 1,464 stores in
Canada and Europe, the
Middle East and Africa (EMEA), which the latter consists of locations
in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho,
Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and
Walmart Supercentre in Richmond Hill ,
Walmart has operated in
Canada since it acquired 122 stores
Woolco division of Woolworth Canada, Inc in 1994. As of
October 31, 2017, it operates 410 locations (including 331
supercentres and 79 discount stores) it employs 89,358 people, with a
local home office in
Mississauga , Ontario.
Walmart Canada 's first
three Supercentres (spelled in
Canadian English ) opened in November
2006 in Hamilton , London , and Aurora , Ontario. The 100th Canadian
Supercentre opened in July 2010, in
Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria, British Columbia .
Walmart Canada Bank was introduced with the launch of the
Walmart Rewards MasterCard.
Asda Walmart's UK subsidiary,
Walmart's UK subsidiary
Asda (which retained its name after being
acquired by Walmart) accounted for 42.7 percent of 2006 sales of
Walmart's international division. In contrast to the U.S. operations,
Asda was originally and still remains primarily a grocery chain, but
with a stronger focus on non-food items than most UK supermarket
chains other than
Tesco . As of October 31, 2017,
Asda had 638
stores, including 147 from the 2010 acquisition of
Netto UK . In
addition to small suburban
Asda Supermarkets, which has 209 locations,
larger stores are branded Supercentres, which has 32 locations.
Other banners include
Asda Superstores (341 locations),
(33 locations), and
Asda Petrol Fueling Station (23 locations). it
has 378 stores in
South Africa (under the banners Game Foodco , CBW ,
Game , Builders Express , Builders Warehouse , Cambridge , Dion Wired
, Rhino , Makro , Builders Trade Depot , Jumbo , and Builders
Superstore ), 11 stores in Botswana (under the banners CBW , Game
Foodco , and Builders Warehouse ), 2 store in Ghana under the
banners Game (1 location) and Game Foodco (1 location), 1 store in
Kenya (under the Game Foodco banner), 3 stores in Lesotho (under the
banners CBW and Game ), 2 stores in Malawi (under the Game banner),
5 stores in Mozambique (under the banners Builders Warehouse , Game
Foodco , and CBW ), 4 stores in Namibia (under the banners Game
Foodco , Game , and CBW ), 5 stores in Nigeria (under the banners
Game and Game Foodco , 1 store in Swaziland (under the CBW banner),
1 store in Tanzania (under the Game banner), 1 store in Uganda
(under the Game banner), and 5 stores in Zambia (under the banners
CBW , Game and Builders Warehouse ). A
Hangzhou , China
As of October 31, 2017, there are currently a total of 781 stores in
three Asian countries: China, Japan, and India.
(沃尔玛 Wò'ērmǎ) operates 424 stores under the Walmart
Supercenter (386 locations),
Sam's Club (18 locations), Neighborhood
Market (2 locations) and
Hypermarket (18 locations) banners. As of
October 31, 2017, there are 337 stores under the Seiyu (Hypermarket)
(91 locations), Seiyu (Supermarket) (236 locations), Seiyu (General
Merchandise) (1 location), and Livin (9 locations) banners.(PDF).
Ministry of Commerce ">(PDF) on February 22, 2016.
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