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Volvo Buses (Volvo Bus Corporation / formal name: ''Volvo Bussar AB'') (stylized as VOLVO) is a subsidiary and a business area of the Swedish vehicle maker Volvo, which became an independent division in 1968. It is based in Gothenburg. It is the world's largest bus manufacturer, with a complete range of heavy buses for passenger transportation. The product range includes complete buses and coaches as well as chassis combined with a comprehensive range of services. The bus operation has a global presence, with production in Europe, North and South America, Asia and Australia. In India it set up its production facility in Bangalore. Former production facility was located in Irvine, Scotland (closed in 2000).

Products



Chassis

Codes in parentheses are VIN codes for the chassis models.

Historical

*1930s/40s: B10, B12 *1950s: B627 *1950s-1960s: B615/B616/B617 *1950s-1960s: B635/B638 *1950s-1960s: B705 *1950s-1960s: B725/B727 *1951-1963: B655 (mid-engine)/B656/B657/B658 *1960s: B715 *1963-1965: B755 *1960s-1980s: B57 & BB57 *1965-1982: B58 *1966-1971: B54 *1970-1980: B59 *1973-1985: Ailsa B55 *1978-2001: B10M/B10MA/B10MD (1M) – the double deck city bus version B10MD, built from 1982 to 1993, was also known as ''Citybus'' **1983–1996? B9M (9M) – low-budget version of the B10M **1988–1991 B10C (1C) – special Australian coach version of the B10M *1978-1991: B10R (1R) *1978-1987?: B6F/B6FA (6A) *198?-198?: B6M (6M) – for Asia Pacific *1990-2002: B10B (R1) *1991-2011: B12 (R2) – known as B12R, later B380R/B420R in Brazil *1991-1998: B6/B6LE (R3) *1992-2000: Olympian (YN) – modified from Leyland Olympian *1992-2004: B10BLE (R4) *1993-2000s: B10L/B10LA (R5) *1997-2006?: B7L/B7LA (R7) *1998-2002: B6BLE (R3) *1997-2011: B12B (R8) **2001-2011: B12BLE/B12BLEA (R8) – articulated version was introduced in 2005 *1998-2004: Super Olympian (S1) – also known as B10TL *1999-2006: B7TL (S2) *2000-2003: B10R (S3) – for Brazil *2010?-2013: B9RLE (S5)

Current

*1997-: B7R (R6) – known as B290R in Brazil since 2011 **2001-: B7RLE (R6) – low-entry version of the B7R *1999-: B12M/B12MA (R9) – known as B340M in Brazil since 2011 (bi-articulated version was introduced in 2002) *2002-: B9TL (S4) – low-floor double-decker, once known as Olympian in Volvo official website *2003-: B9R (S5) – known as B340R/B380R in Brazil 2011–2012 *2002-: B9S (S6) – bi-articulated version was introduced in 2006, known as B360S in Brazil since 2011 *2005-: B9L/B9LA (S7) – low-floor *2008-: B5LH (T1) – low-floor hybrid-electric bus *2009-: BXXR (T2) **2009-: B13R – 12.8-litre engine **2011-: B11R – 10.8-litre engine, known as B340R/B380R/B420R/B450R in Brazil *2011-: B270F (T5) – front-engined *2012-: B5TL (T9) – low-floor double-decker *2012-: B5RH/B5RLEH (T8) – step-entrance/low-entry hybrid-electric bus, known as B215RH/B215LH in Brazil *2013-: B8R (T7) **2013-: B8RLE/B8RLEA (T7) – low-entry version of the B8R *2015-: BE (U1) *2016-: B8L (U2) – low-floor double-decker

Complete buses

* C10M (built in 1980s) * 5000/7500 low-floor citybus (B10L/B7L/B9S Articulated chassis) * 7000/7700 low-floor citybus (B10L/B7L/B9L chassis) * 7250/7350 coach (Volvo/Drögmöller B10-400/B7R chassis) - for Mexico * 7400 - for India * 7400XL - for India * 7450/7550 coach * 7700A articulated low-floor citybus (B7LA/B9LA chassis) * 7700 Hybrid low-floor citybus (B5LH chassis) * 7800 articulated BRT bus (B9S Articulated chassis) - for China * 7900 low-floor citybus * 7900 Hybrid low-floor citybus (B5LH chassis) * 7900A Hybrid articulated low-floor citybus (B5LAH chassis) * 8300 intercity (B9R chassis) - for Mexico * 8400 citybus (B7RLE chassis) - for India * 8500 TX intercity (B7R/B12M chassis) * 8500A articulated intercity (B12MA chassis) * 8500LE citybus (B10BLE/B7RLE/B12BLE/B9S Articulated chassis) * 8600 (B8R chassis) – for Europe, built in India * 8700 TX intercity (B7R/B12B/B12M chassis) * 8700LE citybus (B7RLE/B12BLE chassis) * 8700LEA articulated citybus (B12BLEA chassis) * 8900 intercity (B7R/B9R/B8R chassis) * 8900LE citybus (B7RLE/B9RLE/B8RLE chassis) * 9100 coach - for Asia, built in India * 9300 coach (B9R chassis) - for Mexico * 9400 intercity (B7R/B8R/B9R chassis) - for India * 9400XL(6X2) intercity (B9R chassis) - for India * 9400PX coach (B11R chassis) - for India * 9500 coach (B9R/B8R chassis) * 9600 coach (B9R chassis) - for China * 9700 TX intercity/coach (B12B/B12M/B7R/B9R/B13R/B11R/B8R chassis) * 9800 coach (B12M chassis) - for China * 9800 coach (B13R chassis) - for Mexico *9800 Double Decker coach (B13R chassis) - for Mexico * 9900 coach (B12B/B13R/B11R chassis)

Acquired companies

Bus makers owned/acquired by Volvo: * Säffle Karosseri AB, Säffle, Sweden (1981, known as Volvo Bussar Säffle AB from 2004, plant closed in 2013) * Leyland Bus, United Kingdom (1988, all Leyland products ceased production by July 1993) * Steyr Bus GmbH, Steyr, Austria (75% in 1990, plant closed in the 1990s) * Aabenraa Karrosseri A/S, Aabenraa, Denmark (1994, plant closed in 2004) * Drögmöller Karosserien GmbH & Co. KG, Heilbronn, Germany (1994, later known as Volvo Busse Industries (Deutschland) GmbH, plant closed in 2005) * Prevost Coaches, Quebec, Canada (1995), now known as Prevost Car * Merkavim, Israel (1996), jointly owned by Volvo Bus Corporation & Mayer Cars & Trucks Ltd., importer of HONDA cars & bikes in Israel * Volvo Polska Sp. z o.o., Wrocław, Poland (1996), the largest Volvo Buses factory in Europe * Carrus Oy, Finland (January 1998,Carrus
''Carrus'' (Archived 2 March 2000) known as Volvo Bus Finland Oy from 2004) ** Carrus Oy Delta, Lieto, known as ''Volvo Bus Finland Oy Turku Factory'' from 2004, became independent in 2008 and renamed ''Carrus Delta Oy'' ** Carrus Oy Ajokki, Tampere, known as ''Volvo Bus Finland Oy Tampere Factory'' from 2004, plant closed in 2008 ** Carrus Oy Wiima, Vantaa, plant closed in 2001 * Nova Bus, St-Eustache, Quebec, Canada (1998) * Mexicana de Autobuses SA (MASA), Tultitlán, Mexico (1998), renamed Volvo Buses de México * Alfa Busz Kft, Székesfehérvár, Hungary, (2002) * EUROBUS, Zagreb, Croatia (1994.-1999.) on chassis B10, B12

Production sites

* Borås, Sweden * Hoskote, Bangalore, India * Curitiba, Brazil * Wroclaw, Poland * Tultitlán, Mexico

Gallery

File:Vitabussar b8dn421 3458.jpg|Volvo bus used in White Buses action of 1945 File:Volvo B 12 Bus 1940.jpg|Volvo B12 Bus 1940 File:Volvo B 10 Buss 1938.jpg|Volvo B10 Bus 1938 File:Volvo B 512 Bus 1948.jpg|Volvo B512 Bus 1948 File:Volvo B 513 X Bus 1948.jpg|Volvo B513X Bus 1948 File:Volvo B617 Bus 1952.jpg|Volvo B617 Bus 1952 File:Volvo B655 Bus 1952.jpg|Volvo B655 Bus 1952 File:Volvo Bus 1953.jpg|Volvo Bus 1953 File:Volvo B 638 Bus 1953.jpg|Volvo B638 Bus 1953 File:Volvo B727 Bus 1953.jpg|Volvo B727 Bus 1953 File:Volvo B 70501 Bus 1959.jpg|Volvo B70501 Bus 1959 File:Volvo B655 Bus 1963.jpg|Volvo B655 Bus 1963 File:Stockholm bus 01.jpg|1967 Volvo bus File:Volvo B58 Bus 1968.jpg|Volvo B58 Bus 1968 File:FC9565@88R.jpg|A Van Hool-bodied Volvo B10M single-deck coach File:Arriva 7759.JPG|Volvo B10MA, 1985 File:Arriva North West and Wales 3274.jpg|Volvo Olympian 1996 File:First Manchester Volvo B10B Alexander Strider learner bus.jpg|A 1993 built B10B bus with Alexander Strider bodywork, pictured as a training bus for First Greater Manchester File:Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2), SBS Transit.jpg|Volvo B9TL, 2013 File:Transperth Volgren CR228L bodied Volvo B7RLE.jpg|Volvo B7RLE, 2012 File:Veolia 5884-III.JPG|Volvo B8RLE, 2013 File:Transperth 2015 Volgren Optimus bodied Volvo B8RLEA diesel Rt. 530.jpg|Volvo B8RLEA, 2015 File:ST2001-20-PR (cropped).jpg|Volvo B12BLEA, 2009 File:Transjakarta, Volvo B11R (SAF-025).jpg|Volvo B11R, 2018 File:Victory Liner DMMW DM16S2 Volvo B7R.jpg|Volvo B7R with VICTORY LINER livery in the Philippines.


References




External links


Volvo Buses official website
{{Automotive industry in Sweden * Category:Bus manufacturers of Sweden Category:Vehicle manufacturing companies established in 1968 Category:Hybrid electric bus manufacturers Category:Trolleybus manufacturers Category:Swedish companies established in 1968