University of Naples Federico II
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The University of Naples Federico II ( it, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II) is a
public university #REDIRECT Public university#REDIRECT Public university A public university or public college is a university or college that is in state ownership or receives significant Government spending, public funds through a national or subnational governme ...
in
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of and the third-largest city of , after and , with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of ...

Naples
, Italy. Founded in 1224, it is the oldest public non-sectarian university in the world, and is now organized into 26 departments. It was Europe's first university dedicated to training secular administrative staff, and is one of the oldest academic institutions in continuous operation. Federico II is the third University in Italy by number of students enrolled, but despite its size it is still one of the best universities in Italy and the world, being particularly notable for research; in 2015 it was ranked among the top 100 universities in the world by citations per paper. The university is named after its founder
Frederick IIFrederick II, Frederik II or Friedrich II may refer to: * Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194–1250), King of Sicily from 1198; Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 * Frederick II of Denmark (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway 1559–1588 * Freder ...

Frederick II
. In October 2016 the University hosted the first ever
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
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IOS
Developer Academy and in 2018 the
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Digital Transformation Lab.


History

The University of
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of and the third-largest city of , after and , with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of ...

Naples
Federico II was founded by emperor of the
Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Europe, Western, Central Europe, Central and Southern Europe that developed during the Early Middle Age ...
Frederick IIFrederick II, Frederik II or Friedrich II may refer to: * Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194–1250), King of Sicily from 1198; Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 * Frederick II of Denmark (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway 1559–1588 * Freder ...

Frederick II
on 5 June 1224. It is the world's oldest state-supported institution of higher education and research. One of the most famous students was
Roman Catholic theologian Catholic theology is the understanding of Catholic The Catholic Church, often referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 b ...
and philosopher
Thomas Aquinas Thomas Aquinas (; it, Tommaso d'Aquino, lit=Thomas of Aquino; 1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican Dominican may refer to: * Someone or something from or related to the Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic ( ; es, ...

Thomas Aquinas
.


Political project of Frederick II

Frederick II had specific objectives when he founded the university in Naples: first, to train administrative and skilled bureaucratic professionals for the ''curia regis'' (the kingdom's ministries and governing apparatus), as well as preparing lawyers and judges who would help the sovereign to draft laws and administer justice. Second, he wanted to facilitate the cultural development of promising young students and scholars, avoiding any unnecessary and expensive trips abroad: by creating a State University, Emperor Frederick avoided having young students during his reign complete their training at the
University of Bologna The University of Bologna ( it, Alma mater studiorum - Università di Bologna, UNIBO) is a research university in Bologna, Italy. Founded in 1088 by an organised guild of students (hence ''studiorum''), it is the List of oldest universities in con ...
, which was in a city that was hostile to the imperial power. The University of Naples was arguably the first to be formed from scratch by a higher authority, not based upon an already-existing private school. Although its claim to be the first state-sponsored university can be challenged by
Palencia Palencia () is a city of Spain located in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is the capital and most populated municipality of the province of Palencia. Located in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, in the northern half of ...
(which was founded by the Castilian monarch c.1212), Naples certainly was the first chartered one. The artificiality of its creation posed great difficulties in attracting students;
Thomas Aquinas Thomas Aquinas (; it, Tommaso d'Aquino, lit=Thomas of Aquino; 1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican Dominican may refer to: * Someone or something from or related to the Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic ( ; es, ...

Thomas Aquinas
was one of the few who came in these early years. Those years were further complicated by the long existence, in nearby
Salerno Salerno (, , ; nap, label=Neapolitan language, Salernitano, Saliernë, ) is an ancient city and ''comune'' in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of Salerno, namesake province. It is located on the Gulf of Salerno o ...

Salerno
, of Europe's most prestigious medical faculty, the
Schola Medica Salernitana The Schola Medica Salernitana ( it, Scuola Medica Salernitana) was a Medieval medical school A medical school is a tertiary educational institution, or part of such an institution, that teaches medicine Medicine is the Art (skill), art, scie ...
. The fledgling faculty of medicine at Naples had little hope of competing with it, and in 1231 the right of examination was surrendered to Salerno. The establishment of new faculties of theology and law under papal sponsorship in Rome in 1245 further drained Naples of students, as Rome was a more attractive location. In an effort to revitalize the dwindling university, in 1253, all the remaining schools of the university of Naples moved to Salerno, in the hope of creating a single viable university for the south. But that experiment failed and the university (minus medicine) moved back to Naples in 1258 (in some readings, Naples was "refounded" in 1258 by Manfred Hohenstaufen, as by this time there were hardly any students left). The Angevin reforms after 1266 and the subsequent decline of Salerno gave the University of Naples a new lease on life and put it on a stable, sustainable track.


Academics

The university has 13 faculties: * Agriculture * Architecture * Biotechnology * Economics * Engineering * Law *
Letters Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Characters typeface * Letter (alphabet) A letter is a segmental symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, Object (philosophy ...

Letters
and philosophy * Mathematical,
physical Physical may refer to: *Physical examination, a regular overall check-up with a doctor *Physical (album), ''Physical'' (album), a 1981 album by Olivia Newton-John **Physical (Olivia Newton-John song), "Physical" (Olivia Newton-John song) *Physical ( ...

physical
and
natural sciences Natural science is a Branches of science, branch of science concerned with the description, understanding and prediction of Phenomenon, natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation. Mechanisms such as peer ...
* Medicine and surgery *
Pharmacy Pharmacy is the clinical health science The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to health sciences: Health sciences – are those sciences which focus on health Health is a state of physical, mental a ...

Pharmacy
*
Political sciences Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, such as the distribution of ...
* Sociology *
Veterinary medicine Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine Medicine is the science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and Taxonomy (general), organizes knowledge i ...


Ranking


Noted people


Notable alumni

Among those who have attended the University of Naples Federico II are Italian presidents
Enrico De Nicola Enrico De Nicola, (; 9 November 1877 – 1 October 1959) was an Italian jurist, journalist, politician, and provisional Head of State of 1946 Italian constitutional referendum, republican Italy from 1946 to 1948. Afterwards, he became the first ...

Enrico De Nicola
,
Giovanni Leone Giovanni Leone (; 3 November 1908 – 9 November 2001) was an Italian politician A politician is a person active in party politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or othe ...

Giovanni Leone
and
Giorgio Napolitano Giorgio Napolitano (; born 29 June 1925) is an Italian politician who served as the 11th president of Italy from 2006 to 2015, and the only Italian president to be re-elected to the presidency. Due to his dominant position in Italian politics, s ...

Giorgio Napolitano
; Italian political leader Luigi de Magistris; CEO
Fabrizio Freda Fabrizio Freda (born 31 August 1957 in Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ; grc, wikt:Νεάπολις, Νεάπολις, Neápolis), from grc, Νεάπολις, lit=new city. is the regional capital of Campania and the third-larges ...
; and philosophers
Benedetto Croce Benedetto Croce (; 25 February 1866 – 20 November 1952) was an Italian idealist philosopher, historian and politician, who wrote on numerous topics, including philosophy, history, historiography Historiography is the study of the methods o ...
and
Nicola Abbagnano Nicola Abbagnano (; 15 July 1901 – 9 September 1990) was an Italian existential philosopher A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy. The term ''philosopher'' comes from the grc, φιλόσοφος, , translit=philosophos, meaning ...
. *
Samantha Cristoforetti Captain Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, aeroplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. The captain is a military ...
, astronaut *
Saint Thomas Aquinas Thomas Aquinas (; it, Tommaso d'Aquino, lit=Thomas of Aquino; 1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican Dominican may refer to: * Someone or something from or related to the Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic ( ; es, ...

Saint Thomas Aquinas
, philosopher and theologian *, physician and politician *
Amadeo Bordiga Amadeo Bordiga (13 June 1889 – 23 July 1970) was an Italian Marxism, Marxist, a contributor to Communism, communist theory, the founder of the Communist Party of Italy (PCd'I), a member of the Communist International (Comintern) and later a lead ...

Amadeo Bordiga
, politician and political theorist *
Giordano Bruno Giordano Bruno (; ; la, Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; born Filippo Bruno, January or February 1548 – 17 February 1600) was an Italian Dominican friar A friar is a brother and a member of one of the mendicant orders founded in the twelfth ...

Giordano Bruno
, philosopher, Dominican friar, mathematician and astronomer *
Renato Caccioppoli Renato Caccioppoli (; 20 January 1904 – 8 May 1959) was an Italian mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as qu ...
, mathematician *, physician and politician * Ernesto De Martino, historian of religion and folklore scholar *
Francesco De Martino Francesco de Martino (31 May 1907, Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ; grc, wikt:Νεάπολις, Νεάπολις, Neápolis), from grc, Νεάπολις, lit=new city. is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest ...

Francesco De Martino
, eminent jurist, intellectual and politician *, structural engineer *
Gaetano Filangieri Gaetano Filangieri (22 August 1753 – 21 July 1788) was an Italy, Italian jurist and philosopher. Filangieri was born in San Sebastiano al Vesuvio, in the province of Naples, Italy, in the noble family of Filangieri. His father, Caesar, prince ...

Gaetano Filangieri
, jurist and philosopher *
Marta Filizola Marta Filizola is a computational biophysicist who studies membrane proteins. Filizola's research concerns drug discovery the application of methods of computational chemistry and theoretical chemistry to biochemical and biomedical problems. Filiz ...

Marta Filizola
, computational biophysicist *
Nicola Fusco Nicola Fusco (born August 14, 1956 in Napoli) is an Italian mathematician mainly known for his contributions to the fields of calculus of variations, regularity theory of partial differential equations, and the theory of symmetrization. He is curr ...
, mathematician *
Pietro Giannone Pietro Giannone (7 May 1676 – 17 March 1748) was an Italian philosopher, historian and jurist born in Ischitella, in the province of Foggia. He opposed the papal influence in Naples, for which he was imprisoned for twelve years until his death. ...

Pietro Giannone
, historian, philosopher and jurist *
Nunziante Ippolito Nunziante Ippolito (Nunciante) was an Italian physician and anatomist. He studied in Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ; grc, wikt:Νεάπολις, Νεάπολις, Neápolis), from grc, Νεάπολις, lit=new city. is the r ...
, physician and anatomist *Antonio Labriola, philosopher *Saint Alphonsus Liguori, Doctor of the Catholic Church *Vangjel Meksi, Albanian physician, translator and philologist *Attilio Micheluzzi, comics author-artist, graduate in architecture *Giuseppe Mingione, mathematician *Giuseppe Moscati, Roman Catholic saint, physician, educator, and scientist *Francesco Saverio Nitti, economist and politician *Umberto Nobile, aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer *Luigi Palmieri, physicist *Luca Parmitano, astronaut *Raffaele Piria, chemist *Roberto Saviano, journalist and novelist *Athanas Shundi, Albanian pharmacist and politician *Vincenzo Tiberio, physician *Anna Tramontano, computational biologist *Cinzia Verde, marine biochemistry researcher *Giambattista Vico, philosopher, historian, and jurist *Giuseppe Zaccagnino, diplomat and art collector


Presidents of the Italian Republic

*
Enrico De Nicola Enrico De Nicola, (; 9 November 1877 – 1 October 1959) was an Italian jurist, journalist, politician, and provisional Head of State of 1946 Italian constitutional referendum, republican Italy from 1946 to 1948. Afterwards, he became the first ...

Enrico De Nicola
*
Giovanni Leone Giovanni Leone (; 3 November 1908 – 9 November 2001) was an Italian politician A politician is a person active in party politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or othe ...

Giovanni Leone
*
Giorgio Napolitano Giorgio Napolitano (; born 29 June 1925) is an Italian politician who served as the 11th president of Italy from 2006 to 2015, and the only Italian president to be re-elected to the presidency. Due to his dominant position in Italian politics, s ...

Giorgio Napolitano


Notable professors

*St. Thomas Aquinas, influential philosopher, saint, influential theologian *, physician and politician *
Renato Caccioppoli Renato Caccioppoli (; 20 January 1904 – 8 May 1959) was an Italian mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as qu ...
, mathematician *, physician and politician *Domenico Cotugno, physician *
Nicola Fusco Nicola Fusco (born August 14, 1956 in Napoli) is an Italian mathematician mainly known for his contributions to the fields of calculus of variations, regularity theory of partial differential equations, and the theory of symmetrization. He is curr ...
, mathematician *Antonio Genovesi, philosopher and economist *Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia, physician *Stefania Filo Speziale, first woman to graduate in architecture in Naples *Ettore Majorana, physicist *Macedonio Melloni, physicist *Giuseppe Mercalli, volcanologist *Vincenzo Monaldi, physician and physiologist. First Italian Minister of Health *Francesco Saverio Nitti, economist and politician *Luigi Palmieri, physicist and meteorologist *Alessandro Piccolo (agricultural scientist), Alessandro Piccolo, Italian chemist and agricultural scientist *Nino Salvatore, physician *Giosuè Sangiovanni, zoologist, founder of the Faculty of Natural Sciences *Filippo Silvestri, entomologist *Giambattista Vico, philosopher, historian, and jurist


Honoris Causa graduates

*John Forbes Nash, Jr., John Nash *Franco Modigliani *Richard Meier *Umberto Veronesi *Louis Ignarro *Riccardo Muti *Takaaki Kajita *Paolo Sorrentino


See also

*ESDP-Network *List of Italian universities *List of medieval universities *
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of and the third-largest city of , after and , with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of ...

Naples
*Botanical Garden of Naples *Orto Botanico di Portici *BioGeM


References


External links


University of Naples Federico II Website
* Girolamo Arnaldi
Studio di Napoli
in '':it:Enciclopedia Fridericiana, Enciclopedia Federiciana'', Rome, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana, 2005. {{authority control University of Naples Federico II, Universities and colleges in Naples 13th-century establishments in the Kingdom of Sicily Educational institutions established in the 13th century, Naples Federico II, University of 1224 establishments in Europe Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor