THOUSAND OAKS is a city in southeastern
Ventura County, California ,
United States. It is in the northwestern part of the Greater Los
Angeles Area , approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Downtown Los
Angeles and is less than 15 mi (24 km) from the
Los Angeles city
neighborhood of Woodland Hills . It was named after the many oak trees
that grow in the area, and the city seal is adorned with an oak.
The city forms the populated core of the
Conejo Valley , which
includes Thousand Oaks proper, Newbury Park ,
Westlake Village ,
Agoura Hills , and
Oak Park . The
Los Angeles County –Ventura County
line crosses at the city's eastern border with Westlake Village. The
population was estimated to be 129,339 in 2015, up from 126,683 at
the 2010 census .
Thousand Oaks and Newbury Park were part of a master-planned city ,
created by the
Janss Investment Company
Janss Investment Company in the mid-1950s. It included
about 1,000 custom home lots, 2,000 single-family residences, a
regional shopping center, a 200-acre (0.81 km2) industrial park and
several neighborhood shopping centers. The median home price is around
$669,500. Thousand Oaks was ranked the fourth-safest among cities
with a population greater than 100,000 in the
United States by the
Uniform Crime Reports .
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Climate
* 4 Demographics
* 5 Government
* 5.1 Political strength
* 6 Economy
* 6.1 Top employers
* 7 Public safety
* 7.1 Fire department
* 7.3 Crime
* 8 Education
* 9 Sports
* 10 Transportation
* 10.1 Roads
* 10.2 Public transportation
* 10.3 Air
* 11 Economic development
* 12 Points of interest
* 13 Wildlife
* 14 References
* 15 External links
Majestic old oak tree in Thousand Oaks
The area was once occupied by the Chumash people, and 2000-year-old
cave drawings may still be seen at the Chumash Indian Museum , 3290
Lang Ranch Parkway, in the Lang Ranch section of the city. The Chumash
village was known as _Sap'wi_, which means "House of the Deer".
The area's recorded history dates to 1542 when Spanish explorer Juan
Rodriguez Cabrillo landed at Point Mugu and claimed the land for
Spain. It eventually became part of the 48,671 acres (196.96 km2)
Rancho El Conejo land grant by the Spanish government, thus becoming
the basis of the name
Conejo Valley (_conejo_ means "rabbit" in
Spanish, and there are many in the area). It served as grazing land
for vaqueros for the next fifty years.
In the late 19th century it was on the stagecoach route between Los
Angeles and Santa Barbara . The
Stagecoach Inn was built in 1876, and
is now a
California Historical Landmark and a popular museum.
The Janss family , developers of Southern
purchased 10,000 acres (40 km2) in the early 20th century. They
eventually created plans for a "total community" and the name remains
prominently featured in the city.
Jungleland USA was one of Southern
California 's first theme parks .
Wild animal shows entertained thousands in the 1940s and 1950s. Many
television and movie productions used the park's trained animals and
were filmed there, including _
Birth of a Nation _, _
Tarzan _, and _The
Adventures of Robin Hood _. Jungleland closed in May 1968, in part due
to competition from other amusement parks such as Knott\'s Berry Farm
Disneyland . The
Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Center today stands on
the site of the park.
The City of Thousand Oaks was incorporated on October 7, 1964, the
first incorporated city in the Conejo Valley. Some sources mistakenly
state that Thousand Oaks was incorporated on September 29, 1964, which
was the date that voters approved the incorporation and selected the
name. However, the incorporation only became official once the
certificates of election were filed with the
California Secretary of
State, and then the record of affidavit was filed with the Ventura
County Clerk. It is known for being a planned community , as the city
is one of few that have actually stayed with the master plan.
Increased development in Moorpark and Simi Valley in the late 1990s
and early 2000s caused the Moorpark Freeway (Highway 23) to become
heavily congested during both morning and afternoon rush hours. A
major widening project began in 2008 to alleviate most of this
congestion. Because of its desirable environment and location,
property values appreciated more than 250% in less than ten years,
primarily during the mid-1990s to early 2000s. The Newbury Park
area of Thousand Oaks
Newbury Park is located in the westernmost part of the city. This
unincorporated area was annexed by the city of Thousand Oaks through
votes by Newbury Park communities. The only communities that chose to
remain county areas are Casa Conejo , which was built from 1960 to
about 1965, and Lynn Ranch , an old neighborhood in the western
portion of the city. Thousand Oaks also annexed the parts of
Westlake Village (then simply known as "Westlake") that
were located in Ventura County, in two portions in 1968 and 1972.
Thousand Oaks is encouraging mixed-use retail and housing development
along the downtown portion of Thousand Oaks Boulevard. The city is
"built-out" within the confines of the
Conejo Valley and has adopted a
smart growth strategy as there is no room for the sprawling suburban
growth the city is known for.
Thousand Oaks is located at 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W /
34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500 (34.189489,
-118.875053). It is situated in the
Conejo Valley .
According to the
United States Census Bureau , the city has a total
area of 55.2 square miles (143 km2). 55.0 square miles (142 km2) of it
is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) of it (0.27%) is water.
Although Thousand Oaks has a downtown area (focused around the Janss
Marketplace mall, The Oaks mall, and W. Thousand Oaks Blvd.), a large
portion of the city's inhabitants live in suburban communities a
distance from the commercial centers of the city. The large housing
districts near Lynn Road to the north and west are an example of this
sprawl , despite attempts by
Ventura County planners to reduce it.
‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered
for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus.
DESTINATIONS FROM THOUSAND OAKS
Santa Monica Mountains _
The region experiences a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (_Csa_ in
Koeppen climate classification ) or dry-summer subtropical zone
climate, with hot, sunny, dry summers and mild winters with moderate
rainfall. Vegetation is typical of Mediterranean environments, with
chaparral and grasses on the hillsides and numerous western valley
oaks. Its elevation ranges from about 500 to 900 feet (excluding the
mountains and hills). The area has slightly cooler temperatures than
the surrounding areas, as it receives cooler air from the ocean
through various hill and mountain passes. On March 10 and 11, 2006,
snow fell on the peak of
Boney Mountain , the first snow to fall in
the area in about 20 years. Snow also fell on Boney Peak on December
17 and 18, 2008.
U.S. Decennial Census
A road in the Newbury Park area of Thousand Oaks A view
of the Topa Topa Mountains and
Amgen The Casa Conejo area of
Thousand Oaks Lake Sherwood
United States Census reported that Thousand Oaks had a
population of 126,683. The population density was 2,295.8 people per
square mile (886.4/km²). The racial makeup of Thousand Oaks was
101,702 (80.3%) White , 1,674 (1.3%) African American , 497 (0.4%)
Native American , 11,043 (8.7%) Asian , 146 (0.1%) Pacific Islander ,
6,869 (5.4%) from other races , and 4,752 (3.8%) from two or more
races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,341 persons (16.8%).
The census reported that 124,941 people (98.6% of the population)
lived in households, 1,390 (1.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group
quarters, and 352 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 45,836 households, out of which 16,439 (35.9%) had
children under the age of 18 living in them, 27,206 (59.4%) were
opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,260 (9.3%) had a
female householder with no husband present, 1,925 (4.2%) had a male
householder with no wife present. There were 1,761 (3.8%) unmarried
opposite-sex partnerships , and 284 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or
partnerships . 9,728 households (21.2%) were made up of individuals
and 4,459 (9.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.73. There were 33,391 families
(72.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.15.
The population was spread out with 30,076 people (23.7%) under the
age of 18, 10,226 people (8.1%) aged 18 to 24, 29,853 people (23.6%)
aged 25 to 44, 37,964 people (30.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,564 people
(14.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5
years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.
There were 47,497 housing units at an average density of 860.8 per
square mile (332.3/km²), of which 33,501 (73.1%) were owner-occupied,
and 12,335 (26.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy
rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.6%. 92,510 people (73.0%
of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32,431
people (25.6%) lived in rental housing units.
The median income for a household in the city was $121,088.
Thousand Oaks does not directly elect its mayor; instead, council
members take turns rotating into the position.
According to the city's most recent (2009) Comprehensive Annual
Financial Report Fund financial statements, the city's various funds
had $118.1 million in revenues, $113.5 million in expenditures, $245.0
million in total assets, $63.4 million in total liabilities, and
$214.2 million in investments:
The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:
Mark Towne (acting)
Elected officials are very aware of the anti-growth sentiment that is
common among the residents. All new development is described as
slow-growth in order to be accepted by the community. Ordinances
protect oak trees and the city prioritizes planting more in street
medians and other public land. More than 15,000 acres (61 km2) have
been preserved as open space , containing more than 75 miles (121 km)
of trails. Open space has been acquired through land dedications by
developers, purchase, and conservation easements . Donations of open
space have been made by
Bob Hope and
Joel McCrea . The largest donor
has been the Prudential Company which developed the community of
Westlake and eventually gave more than 3,000 acres (1,200 ha).
Thousand Oaks and neighboring Simi Valley are strongholds for the
Republican Party in Ventura County. As of 2007 , Thousand Oaks had
three registered Republican voters for every Democrat. Over 60
percent of voters were registered Republicans in 2008. However, by
2014, the party registrations for Thousand Oaks residents were 40.6%
Republican, 31.6% Democrat, 22.1% no preference, with the remainder
split among other parties.
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The city's economy is based on a small range of businesses, with
biotechnology, electronics, automotive, aerospace, telecommunications,
healthcare, and financing occupying most of Thousand Oaks' employment
Teledyne Technologies ,
SAGE Publications , and
Skyworks Solutions have corporate headquarters in the city, while Bank
of America ,
Baxter International ,
General Dynamics Corporation ,
Verizon Wireless ,
General Motors , BMW
, Silver Star Automotive Group, and
Anthem Blue Cross manage regional
offices. Thousand Oaks also has large employers Los Robles Hospital
Fundera ranked the city the 5th best city in
California for small
business in a 2016 study.
According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the top employers in the city are:
NO. OF EMPLOYEES
The Oaks (shopping mall)
Conejo Valley Unified School District
Los Robles Hospital quiet study rooms; a technology training room;
a children's programming room; and additional seating and shelving
capacity for both the children's services area and adult services
area. Both the main library and Newbury Park Branch offer free
wireless Internet access.
AYSO soccer , Club
Soccer such as Apex
Soccer Club, Newbury Park
Soccer Club and
Conejo Valley United, Conejo Youth Basketball
Association, also known as CYBA,
Conejo Valley Thunder Wrestling , Pop
Warner football ,
Little League baseball , CYFFA flag football ,
girls' softball , organized swim team leagues, ice hockey , and even
organized lacrosse , rugby and field hockey have active programs.
Conejo Simi Swim Club is the oldest (est. 1974) and most successful
youth swim program in the area.
In August 1994, a team from Thousand Oaks
Little League became the
Little League team in
Ventura County to win a World
Championship, winning the
Junior League World Series championship game
20-3. In 1996, a Senior Division (ages 14–16) Thousand Oaks Little
League team won a National Championship. Two years later in 1998, a
Big League Division (ages 17–18)
Little League team
won a World Championship, defeating a Venezuelan Team 10-9 in the Big
League World Series and going 26-1 in tournament play. In 2006,
Thousand Oaks won the World Championship in the Big League Division
(ages 16–18) of
Little League by defeating a team from Puerto Rico
10-0. The Thousand Oaks Big League team were also World Series
runners-up in 2003 and 2005. In 2007, they were United States
runner-up. In 2009, they won the
United States Championship and
appeared on prime time on ESPN. In the summer of 2004, the Little
League National Championship team hailed from Thousand Oaks. The
Conejo Valley East team of 11 and 12-year-olds went 22-0 in local,
regional, and World Series tournaments play claiming the national
title at the 2004
Little League World Series in Williamsport,
Pennsylvania before losing in the international title game to the team
Ventura County Fusion , a minor league soccer team playing in the USL
Premier Development League , while based in nearby Ventura , has held
home games at
Newbury Park High School in Newbury Park. The Conejo
Oaks semi-pro collegiate baseball team play in Thousand Oaks at Sparky
Anderson Field .
Ventura County Outlaws, a rugby union team competing in the
California Rugby Football Union , is based in Thousand Oaks.
In professional sports, the city is home to the Sherwood Country Club
, a world-class golf course designed by
Jack Nicklaus . The annual
Chevron World Challenge golf tournament hosted by
Tiger Woods takes
place at the course. For 27 years,
California Lutheran University
(CLU) hosted the training camp for the
Dallas Cowboys . The final camp
was held in 1989. The CLU football practice field used by the Cowboys
as well as the CLU Kingsmen football team was replaced by a large
sports complex in 2006. The Cowboys Clubhouse in Thousand Oaks still
stands across from the complex, and is currently a family residence.
Los Angeles Rams ' temporary headquarters and practice facilities
will also be located on the same campus beginning in 2016 until the
team constructs their permanent training complex in
Los Angeles (in a
separate July 2016 agreement, the Rams signed a three-year deal with
UC Irvine to use that university's Crawford Field for the team's
Thousand Oaks lies in the heart of the
Conejo Valley , with the city
Los Angeles to the east and the city of Ventura to the west. The
city is served by U.S. Route 101 (Ventura Freeway), as well as State
Route 23 . Highway 101 runs through the city and connects it with Los
Angeles and Ventura. CA Route 23 connects to the 101 near downtown
Thousand Oaks, runs north toward Moorpark and Simi Valley , and
essentially divides the city in two. Thousand Oaks is also served by
Thousand Oaks Transit (TOT), which provides public transportation in
the form of shuttles and buses. TOT buses provide service to Thousand
Oaks as well as some neighboring communities.
A regional transportation center provides bus and shuttle lines to
Los Angeles, Oxnard, Ventura, Moorpark, Simi Valley, and Santa Barbara
via the VISTA , Metro , and
LADOT Commuter Express bus lines. In
addition to being a transfer station from
Los Angeles and other nearby
cities, it also serves as the primary station for Thousand Oaks
Transit buses. Metrolink
Ventura County and Pacific Surfliner
services are available at the train stations in Moorpark and Camarillo
. The Amtrak
Coast Starlight stops at the
Oxnard Transit Center and
the Simi Valley Amtrak/Metrolink Station .
Commercial air travel is provided primarily by Los Angeles
International Airport for regular commuters, while the Bob Hope
Airport (in Burbank ) offers an alternative for domestic destinations.
Thousand Oaks offers public transportation that runs to both airports,
via the VISTA, Metro, and
LADOT bus lines.
Los Angeles International
Airport is approximately 40 miles (64 km) southeast of the city, while
Burbank Airport is approximately 35 miles (56 km) east of the city.
General aviation airports include
Camarillo Airport , approximately 15
miles (24 km) west of the city;
Oxnard Airport , approximately 25
miles (40 km) west of the city in Oxnard,
California ; and Van Nuys
Airport , 25 miles (40 km) east of the city. The now-closed Conejo
Valley Airport operated in Thousand Oaks from 1926 until 1962 with a
2,600-foot (792-metre) airstrip. When the route of the new 101 Freeway
intersected a part of the original airfield it was closed. It served
general aviation, and featured an aerial sightseeing service. On May
5, 1960, Rancho Conejo Airport was opened as a replacement, northwest
Conejo Valley Airport. The new facility was considered an
'executive airport', with a paved and lighted 4,500-foot (1,372-metre)
runway. A flying school, restaurant and air charter service operated
there for several years. This airport appeared in _It\'s A Mad, Mad,
Mad, Mad World _ in 1963; some
Three Stooges episodes were filmed
there. Rancho Conejo Airport closed in 1966.
Currently, Thousand Oaks is undergoing numerous renovations and
development. U.S. Route 101 is being upgraded, The Oaks Shopping
Center is being expanded by the
Macerich Company , and the city has
plans to renovate the old downtown, near the Civic Arts Plaza on
Thousand Oaks Blvd.
New homes are also being built in very few areas of the city. Primary
areas of new residential construction are currently in-fill sites
within the developed area of the community and not outward expansion.
POINTS OF INTEREST
Dawn\'s Peak aka Tarantula Hill.
Conejo Valley Botanical Garden
* Dawn\'s Peak , locally known as Tarantula Hill, the highest point
in Thousand Oaks
Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Center
Thousand Oaks Library
Gardens of the World
American Radio Archive
The Oaks Shopping Center
California Lutheran University
Wildwood Regional Park
* Fort Wildwood Park
Conejo Valley High: oldest continuously used public landmark in
Conejo Valley (aka Timber School)
Wildwood Regional Park .
Thousand Oaks' fauna includes mammals such as mountain lions ,
bobcats , coyotes , grey fox and mule deer , as well as smaller
mammals as the striped - and spotted skunk ,
California raccoon ,
Virginia opossum , Audubon\'s cottontail , long-tailed weasel ,
Botta\'s pocket gopher , ring-tailed cat ,
California vole , western
brush rabbit , western gray squirrel , and several species of rats and
mice, where the most common are deer mouse and Merriam\'s kangaroo rat
. The dangerous lion often creates a hazard in suburban areas, but
generally speaking is only found in the adjacent
Simi Hills , Santa
Monica Mountains , and the
Santa Susana Mountains . Some of the
amphibians and reptiles found in Thousand Oaks include lizards such as
side-blotched lizards , southern alligator lizards and western fence
lizards , as well as the southwestern pond turtle and crawdads , and
numerous species of snake, including southern Pacific rattlesnakes ,
San Diego gopher snakes , striped racers ,
California kingsnakes ,
common kingsnakes , ringneck snakes , and western aquatic garter
snakes . Some amphibians found in Thousand Oaks include ensatina ,
slender salamander , western toad ,
American bullfrog , California
Pacific tree frog , and the
California red-legged frog .
Mule deer are among the most common mammals in Thousand Oaks.
There have been observed a total of 171 bird species within the city
limits. The most commonly encountered avifauna include the house
sparrow , house finch , Brewer\'s blackbird ,
California towhee ,
eastern towhee , oak titmouse , acorn woodpecker , and California
quail . Raptor population densities in the
Conejo Valley , which
therefore has some of the highest quantities of raptors in the U.S.
Some of the raptors found in the City of Thousand Oaks include the
golden eagle , red-tailed hawk , Cooper\'s hawk , marsh hawk ,
sharp-shinned hawk , red-shouldered hawk , ferruginous hawk , pigeon
hawk , prairie falcon , turkey vulture , barn owl , great horned owl ,
screech owl ,
American kestrel , and the white-tailed kite .
Wildwood Regional Park is a natural habitat for an abundance of
native animals, such as coyotes, hawks, crawdads, ducks, turtles,
mule deer, numerous songbirds, mountain lions, several species of
snakes, and numerous species of raptors.
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