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Thousand Oaks is the second-largest city in Ventura County, California, United States.[10] It is in the northwestern part of Greater Los Angeles, approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Downtown Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and is less than 15 mi (24 km) from the Los Angeles city neighborhood of Woodland Hills. It was named after the many oak trees that grow in the area, and the city seal is adorned with an oak. The city forms the central populated core of the Conejo Valley. Thousand Oaks was incorporated in 1964, but has since expanded to the west and east. Two-thirds of neighboring Westlake Village
Westlake Village
and most of Newbury Park were annexed by the city during the late 1960s and 1970s. The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County– Ventura County
Ventura County
line crosses at the city's eastern border with Westlake Village. The population was estimated to be 129,339 in 2015,[11] up from 126,683 at the 2010 census.[8] Thousand Oaks is 55 square miles, which, for comparison, is 20 percent larger than San Francisco.[10] Thousand Oaks and Newbury Park were part of a master-planned city, created by the Janss Investment Company
Janss Investment Company
in the mid-1950s. It included about 1,000 custom home lots, 2,000 single-family residences, a regional shopping center, a 200-acre (0.81 km2) industrial park and several neighborhood shopping centers. The median home price is around $669,500.[12] Thousand Oaks is one of the safest cities in America based on consistent FBI
FBI
reporting.[13] It was ranked the fourth-safest among cities with a population greater than 100,000 in the United States
United States
by the FBI's 2013 Uniform Crime Reports.[14][15]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Pre-colonial period 2.2 19th century 2.3 Norwegian Colony 2.4 20th century

2.4.1 Jungleland USA 2.4.2 Incorporation

2.5 Modern history

3 Geography

3.1 Physiography

4 Climate 5 Demographics 6 Government

6.1 Political strength

7 Economy

7.1 Top employers

8 Culture 9 Public safety

9.1 Fire department 9.2 Law enforcement 9.3 Crime

10 Education 11 Sports

11.1 Professional Football 11.2 Baseball

12 Media 13 Transportation

13.1 Roads 13.2 Public transportation 13.3 Air

14 In popular culture 15 Notable people 16 Points of interest 17 Wildlife 18 Flora 19 References 20 External links

Etymology[edit] One of the earliest names used for the area was Conejo Mountain Valley, as used by the founder of Newbury Park, Egbert Starr Newbury, in the 1870s.[16] During the 1920s, today’s Thousand Oaks was home to 100 residents. In the 1920s came talks of coming up with a name for the specific area of Thousand Oaks. A local name contest was held, where 14 year-old Bobby Harrington’s name suggestion won: Thousand Oaks.[17][18][19] The valley was - and still is - characterized by its tens of thousands of oak trees (50-60,000 in 2012[20]).[18][21] When the city later was incorporated in 1964, Janss Corporation suggested the name Conejo City (City of Conejo). A petition was signed by enough residents to put "Thousand Oaks" on the ballot. An overwhelming majority - 87% - of the city’s 19,000 residents voted for the name Thousand Oaks at the September 29, 1964 election.[20][22] History[edit]

Majestic old oak tree in Thousand Oaks.

Pre-colonial period[edit]

2,000 year-old pictograph in Thousand Oaks.

Chumash people
Chumash people
were the first to inhabit what is now called Thousand Oaks,[18] settling there over 10,000 years ago. It was home to two major villages: Sap’wi ("House of the Deer") and Satwiwa
Satwiwa
("The Bluffs").[23] Sap’wi is now by the Chumash Interpretive Center which is home to multiple 2,000 year-old pictographs.[24] Satwiwa
Satwiwa
is now an Indian Culture Center which sits at the foothills of Mount Boney
Mount Boney
in Newbury Park, a sacred mountain to the Chumash.[25] A smaller village, Yitimasɨh, was located where Wildwood Elementary School sits today.[26] The area surrounding Wildwood Regional Park
Wildwood Regional Park
has been inhabited by the Chumash for thousands of years. Some of the artifacts discovered in Wildwood include stone tools, shell beads and arrowheads.[27] Another small Chumash settlement, known as Šihaw (Ven-632i), was located where Lang Ranch sits today. A cave containing several swordfish and cupules pictographs is located here.[28] Two other villages were located by today’s Ventu Park
Ventu Park
Road in Newbury Park. These were populated 2,000 years ago and had a population of 100-200 in each village.[23] Other villages included Lalimanuc (Lalimanux) and Kayɨwɨš (Kayiwish) by Conejo Grade.[29][30][31] The Chumash also had several summer camps, including one located where Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza currently stands, known as Ipuc (Ven-654).[32] Another summer camp was located at the current location of Los Robles Hospital.[33] Each village was ruled by a chief or several chieftains, who often traveled between villages to discuss matters of common interest. A council of elders directed village life and organized events. Most villages had a cemetery, gaming field, a sweat house and a place for ceremonies.[34] Locally discovered tribal artifacts are at display at Satwiwa
Satwiwa
Native American Indian Culture Center and the Chumash Indian Museum.[35] The region's recorded history dates to 1542 when Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo landed at Point Mugu and claimed the land for Spain.[36] The Battle of Triunfo, which took place by Triunfo Creek, was waged over land between native Chumash and the Spanish newcomers.[37] 19th century[edit]

E.S. Newbury was one of the first to buy former Rancho El Conejo
Rancho El Conejo
land.

From 1804 to 1848, Thousand Oaks was part of Alta California, which originally was a Spanish polity in North America. It was the Spaniards who first named it Conejo Valley, or Valley of Rabbits. The Spaniards and indigenous Chumash clashed numerous times in disputes over land.[38] Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
was given the name El Rancho Conejo in 1803. This year Jose Polanco and Ignacio Rodriguez were granted El Rancho Conejo by Governor José Joaquín de Arrillaga
José Joaquín de Arrillaga
of Alta California. The land contained 48,671.56 acres. El Conejo was just one of two land grants in what became Ventura County, the other being Rancho Simi.[38] As a result of the Mexican War of Independence
Mexican War of Independence
in 1822, Alta California
California
became a Mexican territory. In 1822, Captain José de la Guerra y Noriega filed Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
as part of the Mexican land grant. It remained a part of Mexico until the short-lived California Republic was established in 1846. It became a part of the U.S. after California
California
gained statehood in 1850. The valley was now known as Rancho El Conejo.[39] The ranch period began when the de la Guerra family sold thousands of acres through the 1860s and early 1870s.[38] Two men owned most of Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
in the 1870s: John Edwards, who came from Wales
Wales
in 1849, and Howard Mills, who came from Minnesota
Minnesota
in 1870. While Edwards owned most of present-day Thousand Oaks and Newbury Park, Mills owned most of Westlake Village
Westlake Village
and Hidden Valley. Edwards' home was located on an acre of land where The Oaks Mall currently is located, while Mills built his home where Westlake Lake sits today. The third person to buy former Rancho El Conejo
Rancho El Conejo
land was Egbert Starr Newbury. He bought 2,259 acres of land here in 1874, land which stretched from Old Town Thousand Oaks and into today’s Newbury Park.[40] He later established the valley’s first post office in 1875: Newbury Park Post Office.[41] When the Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
School District was established in March 1877, there were 126 residents living in Conejo Valley.[42] In the late 19th century Newbury Park was on the stagecoach route between Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Santa Barbara. The Stagecoach
Stagecoach
Inn (Grand Union Hotel) was built in 1876, and is now a California
California
Historical Landmark and museum. Norwegian Colony[edit] Main article: Norwegian Colony (Thousand Oaks)

Plaque by Norwegian Grade.

Thousand Oaks was home to a Norwegian community in the late 1890s and early 1900s, known as Norwegian Colony. Norwegian settlers were among the first to settle in Conejo Valley. The Norwegian Colony was located at today’s intersection of Moorpark- and Olsen Roads, now home to California
California
Lutheran University (CLU) and surrounding areas. The Norwegian Colony constituted of over 650 acres and stretched from Mount Clef Ridge
Mount Clef Ridge
to Avenida de Los Arboles.[43][44] The son of Norwegian immigrants donated his ranch to California
California
Lutheran College in the 1950s.[45] California
California
Lutheran University is now home to the Scandinavian American Cultural and Historical Foundation and the Scandinavian Festival. Many place names are named after Norwegian immigrants such as the Olsen- and Pedersen families.[46] The first Norwegians came from the village of Stranda
Stranda
by Storfjorden. Ole Anderson bought 199 acres here, while Lars Pederson owned 111 acres. Other Norwegian pioneers also included Ole Nilsen, George Hansen and Nils Olsen. A major contribution was the construction of the hand-made Norwegian Grade
Norwegian Grade
in 1911, a 1-mile road leading from Thousand Oaks to Santa Rosa Valley.[47] With no doctors or hospitals nearby, the Norwegian Colony was short-lived. The Olsen family lost seven of their ten children, while Ole Anderson, Lars Pederson and George Hansen all died in 1901 due to a diphtheria epidemic.[48] 20th century[edit]

Jungleland USA
Jungleland USA
was one of the first theme parks in California.

Play media

Spartacus (1960) was partly filmed by CLU.[49]

Newbury Park was a more established and older community than Thousand Oaks at the turn of the 20th century. A few lots existed early in the 1900s, wedged between Borchard land on the south and Friedrich land on the north.[50] The Janss family, developers of Southern California subdivisions, purchased 10,000 acres (40 km2) in the early 20th century. They eventually created plans for a "total community" and the name remains prominently featured in the city. Despite early aspirations, no large subdivisions were developed until the 1920s. The development was slow and hampered even more under the Great Depression of the 1930s. Besides agriculture, the movie industry became an important industry in the 1920s and 1930s.[51] Between 1950 and 1970, Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
experienced a population boom, and increased its population from 3,000 to 30,000 residents.[52] From 3,500 residents in 1957, Thousand Oaks had over 103,000 inhabitants by 1989.[53] While ranching and agriculture were the dominant industries until the 1950s, a number of new businesses appeared throughout the 1960s and 1970s. Particularly many high-tech firms moved to Thousand Oaks in the 60's and 70's. Packard Bell
Packard Bell
and Technology Instrument Company were two high-technology businesses that moved into Newbury Park's industrial park in the 1960s. Other companies that followed included Westinghouse Astroelectronics Laboratory, Semtech Corporation, Purolator Inc., and Westland Plastics.[54] Jungleland USA
Jungleland USA
put Thousand Oaks on the map in the 1920s and helped attract Hollywood producers to the city.[39] Hundreds of movies have been filmed in Thousand Oaks.[55] Some of the first films to be made here were The Birth of a Nation
The Birth of a Nation
(1915) at Jungleland USA[56] and Roaring Ranch (1930) at the Stagecoach
Stagecoach
Inn.[57] Thousand Oaks Boulevard was featured in the "Walls of Jericho"-scenes in the Oscar-winning film It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
(1934). A western village was erected at California
California
Lutheran University for the filming of Welcome to Hard Times (1967), while Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
and John Wayne
John Wayne
starred in several westerns made in Wildwood Regional Park. A nearby road, Flaming Star Avenue, is named after the film Flaming Star (1960) starring Elvis Presley, which was filmed here. Other movies filmed in the valley included Lassie Come Home
Lassie Come Home
(1943), To the Shores of Iwo Jima (1945) and The Dukes of Hazzard
The Dukes of Hazzard
(1979–85). Dean Martin
Dean Martin
and Jerry Lewis visited Thousand Oaks for the filming of Hollywood or Bust (1956), which included a scene filmed on Live Oak
Oak
Street.[58] Movie actor Joel McCrea
Joel McCrea
was advised by Will Rogers
Will Rogers
to buy land in Thousand Oaks, and he later purchased 3,000 acres here in the early 1930s.[59] Numerous celebrities later joined McCrea and relocated to the Conejo Valley, including Dean Martin, Bob Hope, Roy Rogers, Strother Martin, Virginia Mayo, Michael O’Shea, Ben Johnson, Slim Pickens, Ronald Colman, George Brent, Eve Arden, Alan Ladd, Richard Widmark, Charles Martin Smith, and Bing- and Kurt Russell.[60] While the city was home to 1,700 businesses in 1970, Thousand Oaks had 11,000 businesses in town by 1988.[61] The world’s largest biotech company, Amgen, was established in Newbury Park in 1980.[62] Jungleland USA[edit] Main article: Jungleland USA

Slats was one of five MGM lions who resided at Jungleland USA.[63]

Louis Goebel of New York bought five lots off Ventura Boulevard (today’s Thousand Oaks Boulevard) in 1925. He worked for Universal Studios, and decided to create his own film industry zoo after the closure of Universal Zoo in the mid-1920s.[64] He established Goebel's Lion Farm in 1926, situated where Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza is located today.[65] While Goebel began with five lions and seven malamute dogs, he soon got new animals such as giraffes, camels, hippos, monkeys, tigers, gorillas, seals and other exotic animals. It became home to several Leo the Lion of MGM Pictures fame. There were held public animal shows, which drew thousands of spectators from throughout California. The animals from the park have been used in a variety of movies and TV-series, including numerous Tarzan
Tarzan
films, The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) (which was filmed on site)[66] and Doctor Doolittle (1967).[67] Goebel himself camped by the filming site of Tarzan, the Ape Man (1932) by Lake Sherwood to watch his lions during filming.[63] It became one of Southern California’s most popular tourists attractions in the 1940s and 1950s, when the 170-acre park offered shows, lion training, elephant rides, train rides, safari tram buses and more.[66] The park changed name to Jungleland USA
Jungleland USA
in 1956 after Disneyland
Disneyland
was established.[68] The park later went bankrupt in May 1969, due to competition from parks such as Disneyland, Knott’s Berry Farm and Universal Studios. The park’s 1,800 animals were sold at a public auction in October 1969.[66][67] Incorporation[edit]

Casa Conejo is a county island in Newbury Park.

The City of Thousand Oaks was incorporated on October 7, 1964,[69] the first incorporated city in the Conejo Valley.[70] Some sources mistakenly state that Thousand Oaks was incorporated on September 29, 1964, which was the date that voters approved the incorporation and selected the name. However, the incorporation only became official once the certificates of election were filed with the California Secretary of State, and then the record of affidavit was filed with the Ventura County
Ventura County
Clerk.[71] The results of the cityhood election was clear on September 24, 1964. 2,780 residents voted to set up a city, while 1,821 had voted no to incorporation. Certain areas however tried to set up its own municipality. An attempt at a cityhood election in Newbury Park, CA failed in 1963, as Talley Corporation and Janss Rancho Conejo Industrial Park refused to join the efforts. Reba Hays Jeffries, a local opponent of cityhood, told interviewers why she thought the cityhood election failed: Cityhood backers had to collect signatures from owners who represented 29% of the land that was to be incorporated. As the efforts collected 29% of registered voters, the measure never came on the ballot.[72] Most Newbury Park land were annexed through the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s. Casa Conejo and Ventu Park
Ventu Park
are the only parts of Newbury Park left, which are not parts of Thousand Oaks.[73][74] Lynn Ranch also decided to remain outside city limits.[75] Two-thirds of Westlake Village
Westlake Village
were annexed by Thousand Oaks in two portions - in 1968 and 1972.[76][77][78] The Westlake neighborhood of North Ranch remained an unincorporated area until January 1973, when Thousand Oaks approved the annexation of North Ranch.[79] North Ranch borders Oak
Oak
Park, CA, an unincorporated area where voters have chosen not to be annexed into Thousand Oaks.[80] Modern history[edit] Thousand Oaks is encouraging mixed-use retail and housing development along the downtown portion of Thousand Oaks Boulevard.[81][82] The city is "built-out" within the confines of the Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
and has adopted a smart growth strategy as there is no room for the sprawling suburban growth the city is known for.[83] It is known for being a planned community, as the city is one of few that have actually stayed with the master plan. Increased development in Moorpark and Simi Valley in the late 1990s and early 2000s caused the Moorpark Freeway (Highway 23) to become heavily congested during both morning and afternoon rush hours. A major widening project began in 2008 to alleviate most of this congestion. Because of its desirable environment and location, property values appreciated more than 250% in less than ten years, primarily during the mid-1990s to early 2000s.

Western Thousand Oaks as seen from atop Tarantula Hill.

Geography[edit]

Waterfall in Wildwood Regional Park.

Wetlands in Hill Canyon.

The city of Thousand Oaks Is situated in the Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
in southeastern Ventura County, halfway between Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Santa Barbara, and 12 miles east of the Pacific Ocean.[84][85] Conejo Valley lies at 900 feet; 55 of its 1,884 square miles are located within Thousand Oaks city limits.[86][87] For comparison, the city is larger in area than Long Beach, CA, and 20 percent larger than San Francisco.[10] Designated open-space nature areas occupy 34 percent of the city as of 2017 (15,194 acres).[88] 928 acres of the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (SMMNRA) is within the southern borders of the city.[89] Thousand Oaks is within the Greater Los Angeles
Greater Los Angeles
Area and is 38 miles west of Los Angeles. Malibu is located on the other side of the Santa Monica Mountains.[18] Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
is bordered by the Santa Monica's to the south, Conejo Mountains
Conejo Mountains
to the west and north, and the Simi Hills
Simi Hills
to the northeast.[36] Thousand Oaks has grown due to the incorporation of neighboring cities. Two-thirds of Westlake Village
Westlake Village
and most of Newbury Park were annexed by the city in the 1960s and 1970s.[74][76][90] Thousand Oaks is located at 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W / 34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500 (34.189489, -118.875053).[91] According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.2 square miles (143 km2). 55.0 square miles (142 km2) of it is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) of it (0.27%) is water. Although Thousand Oaks has several shopping centers focused around the Janss Marketplace mall, The Oaks mall, and W. Thousand Oaks Blvd.), a large portion of the city's inhabitants live in suburban communities a distance from the commercial centers of the city. The large housing districts near Lynn Road to the north and west are an example of this sprawl, despite attempts by Ventura County
Ventura County
planners to reduce it.[92] Many housing tracts are surrounded by walls. This design is meant to keep heavy traffic away from residential roads.[93] Physiography[edit]

Mount Clef Ridge
Mount Clef Ridge
is a 1,076 ft volcanic mountain.

The physiography is dominated by prominent knolls, surrounding mountains, open vistas and native oak woodland. It is home to 50-60,000 oak trees,[20] and the city is characterized by its many oak trees and rolling green hills.[94] The northern parts consist of mountainous terrain in the Simi Hills, Conejo Mountains
Conejo Mountains
and Mount Clef Ridge. Narrow canyons such as Hill Canyon cut through the steeper mountainous areas. Conejo Mountain
Conejo Mountain
and Conejo Grade
Conejo Grade
are found in westernmost Newbury Park, while the southernmost parts of Thousand Oaks are made up of Russell Valley, Hidden Valley and the steep rugged slopes of the Santa Monica Mountains. The elevation ranges from 500 feet in the northwest to the 2,403 feet Simi Peak. The major drainage is Conejo Creek
Conejo Creek
(Arroyo Conejo).[95] Wetlands include Lake Eleanor, Paradise Falls in Wildwood Regional Park, Twin Ponds in Dos Vientos and the 7-acre Hill Canyon
Hill Canyon
Wetlands.

Destinations from Thousand Oaks

Camarillo Moorpark Simi Valley

Casa Conejo Newbury Park

Thousand Oaks

Oak
Oak
Park Westlake Village

Santa Monica Mountains

Climate[edit] The region experiences a hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Csa in the Köppen climate classification) or dry-summer subtropical zone climate, with hot, sunny, dry summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall. Vegetation is typical of Mediterranean environments, with chaparral and grasses on the hillsides and numerous western valley oaks. Its elevation ranges from about 500 to 900 feet (excluding the mountains and hills). The area has slightly cooler temperatures than the surrounding areas, as it receives cooler air from the ocean through various hill and mountain passes. On March 10 and 11, 2006, snow fell on the peak of Boney Mountain, the first snow to fall in the area in about 20 years. Snow also fell on Boney Peak
Boney Peak
on December 17 and 18, 2008.[96] In line with the rest of California, temperatures at solar noon tend to fluctuate between 70–80 °F (21–26 °C) during summer, and rarely drop below 60–65 °F (15–18 °C) during winter.[13] Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1950 1,243

1960 2,934

136.0%

1970 35,873

1,122.7%

1980 77,072

114.8%

1990 104,352

35.4%

2000 117,005

12.1%

2010 126,683

8.3%

Est. 2016 128,888 [9] 1.7%

U.S. Decennial Census[97]

Ancestry in Thousand Oaks

Origin

percent

German American

15.8%

Mexican American

12.9%

English American

11.7%

Irish American

10.7%

Italian American

7.2%

Russian American

3.4%

Chinese American

3.3%

French American

3.2%

Polish American

3.2%

Scottish American

2.7%

Indian American

2.7%

Norwegian American

2.2%

Swedish American

2%

Dutch American

1.5%

African American

1.3%

Other[a]

18.9%

A view of the Topatopa Mountains
Topatopa Mountains
and Amgen.

The city neighborhoods were built for the blue- and white-collar class in the 1950s. Today it is an upscale city with highly educated residents.[98] The 2010 United States
United States
Census[99] reported that Thousand Oaks had a population of 126,683. The population density was 2,295.8 people per square mile (886.4/km2). The racial makeup of Thousand Oaks was 101,702 (80.3%) White, 1,674 (1.3%) African American, 497 (0.4%) Native American, 11,043 (8.7%) Asian, 146 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 6,869 (5.4%) from other races, and 4,752 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,341 persons (16.8%). The largest ancestry group is German-Americans (15.8%), followed by Mexican (12.9%), English (11.7%), Irish (10.7%), Italian (7.2%), Russian (3.4%), Chinese (3.3%), French (3.2%), Polish (3.2%), Scottish (2.7%), Indian (2.7%), Norwegian (2.2%) and Swedish (2%).[100][101] The census reported that 124,941 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,390 (1.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 352 (0.3%) were institutionalized. There were 45,836 households, out of which 16,439 (35.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 27,206 (59.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,260 (9.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,925 (4.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,761 (3.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 284 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9,728 households (21.2%) were made up of individuals and 4,459 (9.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73. There were 33,391 families (72.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.15. The population was spread out with 30,076 people (23.7%) under the age of 18, 10,226 people (8.1%) aged 18 to 24, 29,853 people (23.6%) aged 25 to 44, 37,964 people (30.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,564 people (14.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males. There were 47,497 housing units at an average density of 860.8 per square mile (332.3/km2), of which 33,501 (73.1%) were owner-occupied, and 12,335 (26.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.6%. 92,510 people (73.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32,431 people (25.6%) lived in rental housing units. The median income for a household in the city was $121,088. Government[edit] Thousand Oaks does not directly elect its mayor; instead, council members take turns rotating into the position.[102][103] According to the city's most recent (2009) Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fund financial statements, the city's various funds had $118.1 million in revenues, $113.5 million in expenditures, $245.0 million in total assets, $63.4 million in total liabilities, and $214.2 million in investments:[104] The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[104]

Department Director

City Manager Andrew Powers[82][105]

City Attorney Tracy Noonan

City Clerk Cynthia Rodriguez

Cultural Affairs Barry McComb

Community Development Mark Towne (acting)

Finance John Adams

Fire Ted Smith

Human Resources Gary Rogers

Library Services Heather Cousin

Police Tim Hagel

Public Works Jay Spurgin

Elected officials are very aware of the anti-growth sentiment that is common among the residents. All new development is described as slow-growth in order to be accepted by the community.[106] Ordinances protect oak trees and the city prioritizes planting more in street medians and other public land.[107] More than 15,000 acres (61 km2) have been preserved as open space, containing more than 75 miles (121 km) of trails. Open space has been acquired through land dedications by developers, purchase, and conservation easements. Donations of open space have been made by Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and Joel McCrea. The largest donor has been the Prudential Company which developed the community of Westlake and eventually gave more than 3,000 acres (1,200 ha).[108] Political strength[edit] Thousand Oaks and neighboring Simi Valley are strongholds for the Republican Party in Ventura County.[109][110][111][112] As of 2007[update], Thousand Oaks had three registered Republican voters for every Democrat.[113] Over 60 percent of voters were registered Republicans in 2008.[114] However, by 2014, the party registrations for Thousand Oaks residents were 40.6% Republican, 31.6% Democrat, 22.1% no preference, with the remainder split among other parties.[115] Presidents Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
and Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
have held speeches at California
California
Lutheran University (CLU),[116][117] while President George W. Bush visited Newbury Park in 2003.[118][119] Economy[edit]

Amgen
Amgen
is the world's largest biotechnology firm and the largest employer in the Conejo Valley.[120]

The Oaks is the largest shopping mall in Ventura County.[121][122]

While agriculture was the dominant industry in Thousand Oaks until the 1950s, a number of high-tech companies moved to Newbury Park in the 1960s. Today it is home to a number of hightech and biotech companies, and has been dubbed "the next Silicon Valley" for this reason.[61][123] Thousand Oaks has been named one of the wealthiest cities in the United States. It was ranked the 7th-richest city in America by Trulia
Trulia
in 2013,[124] while it was ranked the 13th wealthiest U.S. city by NerdWallet
NerdWallet
in 2016.[125] The city's economy is based on a small range of businesses, with biotechnology, electronics, automotive, aerospace, telecommunications, healthcare, and financing occupying most of Thousand Oaks' employment sector. Amgen, Teledyne Technologies,[126] SAGE Publications,[127] and Skyworks Solutions
Skyworks Solutions
have corporate headquarters in the city, while Bank of America, Baxter International, General Dynamics Corporation, Verizon, Verizon
Verizon
Wireless,[128] Volkswagen,[129] Audi,[130] General Motors, BMW,[131] Silver Star Automotive Group, and Anthem Blue Cross manage regional offices. Thousand Oaks also has large employers as Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center, Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Unified School District, City of Thousand Oaks, Hyatt Hotels, and California
California
Lutheran University headquartered in the city.[132][133] The city was also the former home to the corporate offices of Wellpoint
Wellpoint
and GTE, which later became Verizon, which relocated in the last decade. Hewlett-Packard was also previously located here.[134] J.D. Power and Associates
J.D. Power and Associates
is headquartered in Thousand Oaks.[135][136] J.D. Power began moving its employees from its former headquarters in Agoura Hills, California, to its current headquarters in the Westlake section of Thousand Oaks in the weekend after April 11, 2002.[137] The communities of Thousand Oaks, Westlake Village, and Agoura Hills
Agoura Hills
are served by the Greater Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Chamber of Commerce, one of the few in California
California
to receive four-star accreditation from the United States Chamber of Commerce.[138] The small business community in Thousand Oaks is especially strong; Fundera ranked the city the 5th best city in California
California
for small business in a 2016 study.[139] Demographic data shows that more and more of the local labor force lives within 20 miles of their place of work, and fewer Thousand Oaks residents are making the 30-mile commute to Los Angeles. Over 40 percent of residents are employed as executives or business professionals.[13] The median home price is $699,900,[140] which is over twice the national median home price.[141] It had the second-highest median home prices in Ventura County
Ventura County
in 1999.[142] Top employers[edit]

Los Robles Hospital has earned multiple top honors for its specialized care.[143][144]

According to the City's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[145] the top employers in the city are:

No. Employer No. of employees

1 Amgen 5,000

2 The Oaks (shopping mall) 2,460

3 Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Unified School District 1,900

4 Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center 1,720

5 California
California
Lutheran University 1,061

6 Baxalta 1,000

7 Anthem Inc. 900

8 Skyworks Solutions 662

9 SAGE Publications 577

10 Silver Star Automotive Group 560

Culture[edit]

Lisa Loeb
Lisa Loeb
performing at "Spokes In The Oaks".

Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Art Museum has showcased collections from artists such as Elizabeth Williams, David Rose and Howard Brodie.[146] Chumash Indian Museum on Lang Ranch Pkwy has displays of Chumash artifacts and a re-constructed Chumash village.[147] Another museum, the 1876 Stagecoach
Stagecoach
Inn, is located in Newbury Park and is a California Historical Landmark.[148] Also in Newbury Park is Satwiwa
Satwiwa
Native American Indian Culture Center, a museum at the foothills of Mount Boney, which is a sacred site for the Chumash people.[149] American Radio Archive is a museum at Grant R. Brimhall Library
Grant R. Brimhall Library
dedicated to the history of radio. Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza is home to two theaters: the 1,800-seat Fred Kavli Theatre and Ray Scherr Forum Theatre.[150] Willie Nelson,[151] Paul Anka,[152] Vince Gill,[153] Kris Kristofferson[154] and Peter, Paul and Mary[155] have performed at Fred Kavli Theatre. Conejo Players Theatre has over 200 active members and was established in 1958.[156] Hillcrest Center for the Arts is home to Gothic Productions, Young Artists Ensemble, Thousand Oaks Actors Guild and other groups. Hillcrest Center is also home to Classics in the Park, which arranges annual summer concerts in Conejo Community Park.[157][158] Galleries include Fred Kavli Theatre Gallery and Thousand Oaks Community Art Gallery.[159] Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Days is an annual spring festival with parades, rodeos and a carnival.[84] Public safety[edit]

Ventura County
Ventura County
Sheriff helicopter.

Fire department[edit] The Ventura County
Ventura County
Fire Department (VCFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services for Thousand Oaks and the surrounding areas. American Medical Response
American Medical Response
is the contracted paramedic ambulance provider for the area. Law enforcement[edit] Thousand Oaks Police Department (TOPD) and Ventura County
Ventura County
Sheriff's Office provide law enforcement services for the city. Thousand Oaks Police Department was established on July 1, 1965, nine months after the city was incorporated.[160] Crime[edit] Thousand Oaks is one of the safest cities in America according to consistent FBI
FBI
reporting.[13] In October 2013, Thousand Oaks was ranked the fourth safest city with a population over 100,000 in America, according to an annual report by the FBI.[161] It has one of the lowest crime rates in California.[98] The company Niche ranked Thousand Oaks as America's second-safest city in 2016.[162] The city experienced its first homicide in four years in October 2014.[163] No homicides took place in 2015 nor 2016.[164] Despite a significant population growth since the 1990s, the city has experienced a general crime decline.[164] In 2015 there were 1.05 violent crimes per 1,000 residents, up from 0.99 in 2014. Overall, the city experienced an one percent crime decrease between 2014 and 2015.[165] Petty theft was the most-reported crime category in 2013, accounting for 40 percent of all crimes.[166] Education[edit]

California
California
Lutheran University has been rated the 13th best university in Western United States.[167][168]

Thousand Oaks is served by the Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Unified School District. Academic scores in public schools are high. Several schools are scoring in the top ten percent of schools in California.[98] It includes numerous elementary schools, Colina Middle School, Redwood Middle School, Los Cerritos Middle School. The high schools of the area include Thousand Oaks High School, Newbury Park High School, and Westlake High School. Also part of the school district are Sycamore Canyon Middle School and Sequoia Middle School, located in Newbury Park. Oaks Christian High School, while located immediately outside Ventura County, matriculates numerous students from the county. La Reina High School is a private Roman Catholic, all-girls junior/senior high school. California
California
Lutheran University is located in Thousand Oaks. The Thousand Oaks Library
Thousand Oaks Library
system is consistently ranked as one of the best public libraries in California.[169] The library consists of the Grant R. Brimhall Library
Grant R. Brimhall Library
in Thousand Oaks and the Newbury Park Branch Library in Newbury Park.[170] A 22,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) children's library was added to the existing 62,000-square-foot (5,800 m2) main building in June 2006. The children's library expansion resulted in an improved children's services area, a 3800-gallon, salt-water aquarium; quiet study rooms; a technology training room; a children's programming room; and additional seating and shelving capacity for both the children's services area and adult services area. Both the main library and Newbury Park Branch offer free wireless Internet access.[171] Sports[edit]

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams trains at California
California
Lutheran University (CLU).[172][173]

NFL-player Jamon Brown
Jamon Brown
lives in Newbury Park.[174][175]

AYSO
AYSO
soccer, Club Soccer
Soccer
such as Apex Soccer
Soccer
Club, Newbury Park Soccer Club and Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
United, Conejo Youth Basketball Association, also known as CYBA, Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Thunder Wrestling, Pop Warner football, Little League
Little League
baseball, CYFFA flag football, girls' softball, organized swim team leagues, ice hockey, and even organized lacrosse, rugby and field hockey have active programs. Conejo Simi Swim Club is the oldest (est. 1974) and most successful youth swim program in the area. Ventura County
Ventura County
Fusion, a minor league soccer team playing in the USL Premier Development League, while based in nearby Ventura, has held home games at Newbury Park High School
Newbury Park High School
in Newbury Park. The Conejo Oaks semi-pro collegiate baseball team play in Thousand Oaks at Sparky Anderson Field.[176] The Ventura County
Ventura County
Outlaws,[177] a rugby union team competing in the Southern California
California
Rugby Football Union, is based in Thousand Oaks. In professional sports, the city is home to the Sherwood Country Club, a golf course designed by Jack Nicklaus. The annual Chevron World Challenge golf tournament hosted by Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
took place at the course from 2000 to 2013.[178] Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lightning is a local basketball team based at Gilbert Sports and Fitness Center at California
California
Lutheran University. Thousand Oaks has been the location of several Tour of California, a professional cycling race.[179][180] Professional Football[edit] For 27 years, California
California
Lutheran University (CLU) hosted the training camp for the Dallas Cowboys. The final camp was held in 1989.[181] The CLU football practice field used by the Cowboys as well as the CLU Kingsmen football team was replaced by a large sports complex in 2006. The Cowboys Clubhouse in Thousand Oaks still stands across from the complex, and is currently a family residence. The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Rams' temporary headquarters and practice facilities will also be located on the same campus beginning in 2016 until the team constructs their permanent training complex in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(in a separate July 2016 agreement, the Rams signed a three-year deal with UC Irvine
UC Irvine
to use that university's Crawford Field for the team's training camp.)[182][183][184] Baseball[edit] In August 1994, a team from Thousand Oaks Little League
Little League
became the first Little League
Little League
team in Ventura County
Ventura County
to win a World Championship, winning the Junior League World Series
Junior League World Series
championship game 20-3.[185] In 1996, a Senior Division (ages 14–16) Thousand Oaks Little League
Little League
team won a National Championship. Two years later in 1998, a Big League Division (ages 17–18) Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Little League team won a World Championship, defeating a Venezuelan Team 10-9 in the Big League World Series
Big League World Series
and going 26-1 in tournament play. In 2006, Thousand Oaks[186] won the World Championship in the Big League Division (ages 16–18) of Little League
Little League
by defeating a team from Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
10-0.[187] The Thousand Oaks Big League team were also World Series runners-up in 2003 and 2005. In 2007, they were United States runner-up. In 2009, they won the United States
United States
Championship and appeared on prime time on ESPN. In the summer of 2004, the Little League National Championship team hailed from Thousand Oaks. The Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
East[188] team of 11 and 12-year-olds went 22-0 in local, regional, and World Series tournaments play claiming the national title at the 2004 Little League
Little League
World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania before losing in the international title game to the team from Curaçao, Caribbean.[189] Media[edit] Thousand Oaks Acorn is the main newspaper covering Thousand Oaks, Newbury Park and Westlake Village. Ventura County
Ventura County
Star is a larger regional newspaper covering Ventura County. Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times circulations increased after the newspaper began covering Conejo Valley in 1987.[190] KCLU-FM is a NPR radio station based at California
California
Lutheran University (CLU). Thousand Oaks TV (TOTV) is a 24-hour cable TV station which was established by the city in 1987.[191][192] The first newspaper, Oaks Post, was published during the 1940s. Conejo Valley News was established in 1954, while Village Chronicle was established in 1959. Thousand Oaks Journal was another early local newspaper in the 1960s.[193] Transportation[edit]

A neighborhood in Thousand Oaks.

Roads[edit] Thousand Oaks lies in the heart of the Conejo Valley, with the city of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
to the east and the city of Ventura to the west. The city is served by U.S. Route 101 (Ventura Freeway), as well as State Route 23. Highway 101 runs through the city and connects it with Los Angeles and Ventura. CA Route 23 connects to the 101 near downtown Thousand Oaks, runs north toward Moorpark and Simi Valley, and essentially divides the city in two. Thousand Oaks is also served by Thousand Oaks Transit (TOT), which provides public transportation in the form of shuttles and buses. TOT buses provide service to Thousand Oaks as well as some neighboring communities. Public transportation[edit] A regional transportation center provides bus and shuttle lines to Los Angeles, Oxnard, Ventura, Moorpark, Simi Valley, and Santa Barbara via the VISTA, Metro, and LADOT
LADOT
Commuter Express bus lines. In addition to being a transfer station from Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and other nearby cities, it also serves as the primary station for Thousand Oaks Transit buses.[194] Metrolink Ventura County
Ventura County
and Pacific Surfliner
Pacific Surfliner
services are available at the train stations in Moorpark and Camarillo. The Amtrak Coast Starlight
Coast Starlight
stops at the Oxnard Transit Center
Oxnard Transit Center
and the Simi Valley Amtrak/Metrolink Station. Air[edit]

Airport scenes in It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World
It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World
(1963) were filmed at the former Rancho Conejo Airport.

Commercial air travel is provided primarily by Los Angeles International Airport for regular commuters, while the Bob Hope Airport (in Burbank) offers an alternative for domestic destinations. Thousand Oaks offers public transportation that runs to both airports, via the VISTA, Metro, and LADOT
LADOT
bus lines. Los Angeles
Los Angeles
International Airport is approximately 40 miles (64 km) southeast of the city, while Burbank Airport is approximately 35 miles (56 km) east of the city. General aviation airports include Camarillo Airport, approximately 15 miles (24 km) west of the city; Oxnard Airport, approximately 25 miles (40 km) west of the city in Oxnard, California; and Van Nuys Airport, 25 miles (40 km) east of the city. The now-closed Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Airport operated in Thousand Oaks from 1926 until 1962 with a 2,600-foot (792-metre) airstrip. When the route of the new 101 Freeway intersected a part of the original airfield it was closed. It served general aviation, and featured an aerial sightseeing service. On May 5, 1960, Rancho Conejo Airport was opened as a replacement, northwest of Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Airport. The new facility was considered an 'executive airport', with a paved and lighted 4,500-foot (1,372-metre) runway. A flying school, restaurant and air charter service operated there for several years. This airport appeared in It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World
It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World
in 1963; some Three Stooges episodes were filmed there. Rancho Conejo Airport closed in 1966. In popular culture[edit]

Sheriff's car from Dukes of Hazzard (2005) at the shooting location off Potrero Road.

Main article: List of films shot in Thousand Oaks Due to the temperate climate and relatively close proximity to the studios in Hollywood, a number of movies and television series have been filmed in Thousand Oaks. Thousand Oaks Boulevard can for instance be seen in the Oscar-winning film It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
(1934), while Dean Martin
Dean Martin
and Jerry Lewis
Jerry Lewis
stop at a service station on Live Oak Street in Hollywood or Bust
Hollywood or Bust
(1956). Hills nearby California
California
Lutheran University (CLU) were used in the filming of Welcome to Hard Times (1967).[195] Spartacus (1960) was also filmed by CLU.[49] A number of movie productions took place in Wildwood Regional Park between the 1930s and 1960s. Examples include Wuthering Heights (1939), Dodge City (1939), The Rifleman
The Rifleman
(1958–63),[196] Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier (1955),[197] The Grapes of Wrath (1940), Duel in the Sun (1946), Bonanza
Bonanza
(1963–73), The Big Valley (1965–69), Gunsmoke
Gunsmoke
(1955–75), Wagon Train
Wagon Train
(1957–65), Clearing the Range (1931), Flaming Frontier
Flaming Frontier
(1958), The Horse Soldiers
The Horse Soldiers
(1959) starring John Wayne, Roustabout (film)
Roustabout (film)
(1964), and Flaming Star (1960) both starring Elvis Presley, among others.[198] More recently, Greenfield Ranch appeared as a zoo in We Bought a Zoo (2011).[199] The ranch has previously been featured in films such as Down Argentine Way
Down Argentine Way
(1940), Heart and Souls
Heart and Souls
(1993) and Bitter Harvest (1993). It has also been seen in TV-series such as True Blood (2008–2014), Monk (2002–2009), Bones (2005–2017) and Criminal Minds (2005–).[200] A Hidden Valley home was also used in the filming of It’s Complicated (2009) starring Meryl Streep.[201] Other films include Memoirs of a Geisha (2005),[202] Come On, Tarzan (1932), The Adventures of Robin Hood
The Adventures of Robin Hood
(1938),[203] To the Shores of Iwo Jima (1945), Lassie Come Home
Lassie Come Home
(1943), The Guns of Will Sonnett (1967–69) and The Dukes of Hazzard
The Dukes of Hazzard
(1979–85).[58] Notable people[edit]

Austin Block (born 1989), ice hockey player Amanda Bynes, actress Britney Spears, singer[204][205] Wayne Gretzky, ice hockey player[206] Hailee Steinfeld, actress Sylvester Stallone, actor[207] Ellen DeGeneres, television host[208][209] Thomas Tull, film producer[210] Heather Locklear, actress[211] Aaron Donald, football player Jared Goff, football player Belinda Carlisle, singer[212] Heather Morris, actress Dean Martin, singer[58][213] Frances Prince, first woman mayor.[214] Kurt Russell, actor[60] Marilyn Monroe, actress[215] Richard Carpenter, musician Olivia O'Brien, Singer-Songwriter

Points of interest[edit]

Dawn's Peak
Dawn's Peak
aka Tarantula Hill.

American Radio Archive, museum dedicated to the history of radio California
California
Lutheran University Chumash Indian Museum, museum with a replica of a Chumash village Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Art Museum, art museum at Janss Marketplace Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Botanical Garden, 33-acre botanical garden Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
High: oldest continuously used public landmark in Conejo Valley (aka Timber School) Dawn's Peak, locally known as Tarantula Hill, the highest point in Thousand Oaks[216] Gardens of the World, botanical garden featuring flora from various countries The Oaks Shopping Center, largest shopping mall in Ventura County Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Center, home to City Hall and Fred Kavli Theatre Thousand Oaks Library, largest library in Ventura County Satwiwa
Satwiwa
Culture Center, Chumash museum at the foothills of Mount Boney Sherwood Country Club, host of Tiger Wood's World Challenge from 2000 to 2013 Stagecoach
Stagecoach
Inn, historic hotel in Newbury Park Wildwood Regional Park, 1,765 acres regional park

Wildlife[edit]

Kingsnake in Wildwood Regional Park.

Thousand Oaks' fauna includes mammals such as mountain lions, bobcats, coyotes, grey fox and mule deer, as well as smaller mammals as the striped- and spotted skunk, California
California
raccoon, Virginia opossum, Audubon's cottontail, long-tailed weasel, Botta's pocket gopher, ring-tailed cat, California
California
vole, western brush rabbit, western gray squirrel, and several species of rats and mice, where the most common are deer mouse and Merriam's kangaroo rat. The dangerous lion often creates a hazard in suburban areas,[217][218] but generally speaking is only found in the adjacent Simi Hills, Santa Monica Mountains, and the Santa Susana Mountains.[219][220] Some of the amphibians and reptiles found in Thousand Oaks include lizards such as side-blotched lizards, southern alligator lizards and western fence lizards, as well as the southwestern pond turtle and crawdads, and numerous species of snake, including southern Pacific rattlesnakes, San Diego
San Diego
gopher snakes, striped racers, California
California
kingsnakes, common kingsnakes, ringneck snakes, and western aquatic garter snakes. Some amphibians found in Thousand Oaks include ensatina, slender salamander, western toad, American bullfrog, California
California
toad, Pacific tree frog, and the California
California
red-legged frog.

Mule deer
Mule deer
are among the most common mammals in Thousand Oaks.

There have been observed a total of 171 bird species within the city limits.[220] The most commonly encountered avifauna include the house sparrow, house finch, Brewer's blackbird, California
California
towhee, spotted towhee, oak titmouse, acorn woodpecker, and California
California
quail. Raptor population densities in the Conejo Valley, which therefore has some of the highest quantities of raptors in the U.S.[220] Some of the raptors found in the City of Thousand Oaks include the golden eagle, red-tailed hawk, Cooper's hawk, marsh hawk, sharp-shinned hawk, red-shouldered hawk, ferruginous hawk, pigeon hawk, prairie falcon, turkey vulture, barn owl, great horned owl, screech owl, American kestrel, and the white-tailed kite.[220] Wildwood Regional Park
Wildwood Regional Park
is a natural habitat for an abundance of native animals,[221] such as coyotes, hawks, crawdads, ducks, turtles, mule deer, numerous songbirds, mountain lions, several species of snakes, and numerous species of raptors.[222] Thousand Oaks is home to mountain lions which can be encountered or observed in most larger open-spaces in the city. The city recommends hikers not to hike alone, and always to keep children near.[223] Mountain lions have been encountered numerous times in recent years, such as in Lynn Ranch in 2017[224] and Newbury Park in 2016.[225] Flora[edit] Thousand Oaks is home to over 100 species of plants, while 400 species can be found within 100 sq. mi. of the city. There are four endangered plant species: Conejo buckwheat, Santa Monica dudleya, Conejo dudleya and Lyon's pentachaeta.[226] There are between 50- and 60,000 oak trees in Thousand Oaks.[20]

References[edit]

^ Mostly Multiracial American, other Asian or other European ancestry

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Events". conejovalleyguide.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ a b Maulhardt, Jeffrey Wayne (2011). Jungleland. Arcadia Publishing. Page 8. ISBN 9780738574448. ^ O’Brien, Tricia (2017). Thousand Oaks and Westlake Village. Arcadia Publishing. Page 22. ISBN 9781467125697. ^ Jones, Ed (October 27, 2013). "Ed Jones: How parks grew in the Conejo Valley". Ventura County
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Star. Retrieved June 16, 2016.  ^ Kuperberg, Jonathan (September 8, 2011). "'Which Westlake?'". Thousand Oaks Acorn. Retrieved September 9, 2011.  ^ "Top vote-getters win 4-year terms", Oxnard Press-Courier, October 3, 1964 ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley : Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Pages 54-55. ISBN 9780897812993. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 54. ISBN 9780897812993. ^ a b "Forty-Seven Things to Do In Thousand Oaks — Conejo Valley Guide Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Events". conejovalleyguide.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "Casa Conejo resident hopes to foster sense of community with signs". archive.vcstar.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ a b Maulhardt, Jeffrey Wayne (2010). Conejo Valley. Arcadia Publishing. Page 55. ISBN 9780738580395. ^ "Westlake Village, CA - Official Website - City History". wlv.org. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "'Which Westlake?' Thousand Oaks Acorn". toacorn.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "North Ranch residents upset with proposal to build 14 luxury homes Thousand Oaks Acorn". toacorn.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ Kern, Harvey and David E. Ross (2012). Oak
Oak
Park. Arcadia Publishing. Page 8. ISBN 9780738595382. ^ Leung, Wendy (June 14, 2016). "Thousand Oaks commission backs plan for more housing on main thoroughfare". Ventura County
Ventura County
Star. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ a b Covarrubias, Amanda (July 12, 2016). "Thousand Oaks council adjusts boulevard plan, names interim city manager". Ventura County Star. Retrieved July 13, 2016.  ^ McGrath, Rachel (October 16, 2014) "Thousand Oaks council OKs Los Feliz apartments" Ventura County
Ventura County
Star ^ a b Kath, Laura and Pamela Price (2011). Fun with the Family Southern California: Hundreds of Ideas for Day Trips with the Kids. Rowman & Littlefield. Page 45. ISBN 9780762774753. ^ "Thousand Oaks - Undergraduate Admission". Cal Lutheran. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ Tuttle, Tom (1988). Ventura County
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Companion. EZ Nature Books. Page 13. ISBN 9780945092025. ^ Triem, Judith P. (1985). Ventura County: Land of Good Fortune: An Illustrated History. Windsor Publications. Page 114. ISBN 9780897811569. ^ "Trails & Open Space Thousand Oaks, CA". toaks.org. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ http://www.conejo-openspace.org/open_space_areas_in_TO.htm#Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 54. ISBN 9780897812993. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States
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Ventura County
Star ^ McCormack, Don (1999). McCormack's Guides Santa Barbara and Ventura 2000. Mccormacks Guides. Page 120. ISBN 9781929365098. ^ Strong, Kathy (2011). Southern California
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Times ^ Rochester, Teresa (June 4, 2014) "Thousand Oaks needs new revenue to complete ring of green" Ventura County
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Star ^ Weiss, Kenneth R. (October 27, 1991). "'Reagan Country' Gets Put on Map : Library: Simi Valley, where presidential center will open Nov. 4, is a predominantly Anglo bedroom community of white-collar workers who make up the core of his constituency". Los Angeles
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Kris Kristofferson
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Baseball
Club Official website Retrieved April 1, 2015. ^ " Ventura County
Ventura County
Rugby Club". Retrieved February 13, 2016.  ^ "The history of the Hero World Challenge - Newsfeed". news.tigerwoods.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ " Amgen
Amgen
Tour of California
California
to make its way through Ventura County Tuesday". archive.vcstar.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "Tour of California
California
will finish in Thousand Oaks Thousand Oaks Acorn". toacorn.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ Ortega, John (December 7, 1989). "CLU Searching for New NFL Tenant". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved February 11, 2016.  ^ "LA Rams Training Moving to Cal Lutheran". LA Rams. March 30, 2016.  ^ Staff (March 30, 2016). "Rams to practice at Cal Lutheran University in Thousand Oaks". Pacific Coast Business Times. Retrieved April 5, 2016.  ^ Curley, Joe (July 8, 2016). "Rams players and families are calling Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
home". Ventura County
Ventura County
Star. Retrieved July 11, 2016.  ^ Jordan, Phyllis W. (August 22, 1994). "Thousand Oaks All-Stars Welcomed Like Winners : Youth: Junior League World Series champions dominated Ohio opponent, despite mustachioed outfielders". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ "Thousand Oaks Big League". Eteamz.active.com. September 1, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2010.  ^ " Little League
Little League
Online". Littleleague.org. Retrieved June 13, 2012.  ^ " Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Little League
Little League
Baseball
Baseball
Home". Cvll.net. Retrieved December 22, 2010.  ^ "T.O. Big League team experiences baseball bliss traveling the country Thousand Oaks Acorn". toacorn.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 71. ISBN 9780897812993. ^ "Thousand Oaks uses drone for TV programming". vcstar.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "Watch TOTV Thousand Oaks, CA". toaks.org. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Pages 71-72. ISBN 9780897812993. ^ McGrath, Rachel (March 3, 2013) "Thousand Oaks Transportation Center parking expansion appears on track" Ventura County
Ventura County
Star ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 112. ISBN 9780897812993. ^ McKinney, John (2013). HIKE Ventura County. The Trailmaster, Inc. Page 85. ISBN 9780934161534. ^ "Hiking trails in LA: The best hikes with waterfalls". timeout.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ Schad, Jerry (2009). Los Angeles
Los Angeles
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Los Angeles
Times". latimesblogs.latimes.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "'It's Complicated' location house sells in Thousand Oaks". LA Times. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ "The rest of the best". latimes. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ " Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
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Britney Spears
purchases $7.4 Million Italianate Villa in California's Thousand Oaks (complete with a three-hole golf-course)". forbes.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ By Lauren Beale, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. " Britney Spears
Britney Spears
buys in Thousand Oaks". LA Times. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ Leitereg, Neal J. (2017-01-19). "Hockey great Wayne Gretzky
Wayne Gretzky
nets a home sale in Westlake Village". Los Angeles
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Los Angeles
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Sylvester Stallone
sells waterfront retreat in Thousand Oaks". LA Times. Retrieved November 28, 2017.  ^ " Ellen DeGeneres
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thousand Oaks, California.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Thousand Oaks.

Greater Los Angeles
Greater Los Angeles
portal

Official website

v t e

Thousand Oaks, California

Schools

Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Unified School District

Thousand Oaks High School Newbury Park High School Westlake High School Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Adult School

La Reina High School

Other education

California
California
Lutheran University Grant R. Brimhall Library

Landmarks

American Radio Archive Conejo Valley
Conejo Valley
Botanical Garden Chumash Indian Museum Gardens of the World Satwiwa Sherwood Country Club Stagecoach
Stagecoach
Inn Tarantula Hill Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza The Oaks Wildwood Regional Park

Areas

Newbury Park Lynn Ranch

This list is incomplete.

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Ventura County, California, United States

County seat: Ventura

Cities

Camarillo Fillmore Moorpark Ojai Oxnard Port Hueneme Santa Paula Simi Valley Thousand Oaks Ventura

CDPs

Bell Canyon Casa Conejo Channel Islands Beach El Rio Lake Sherwood Meiners Oaks Mira Monte Oak
Oak
Park Oak
Oak
View Piru Santa Rosa Valley Santa Susana Saticoy

Unincorporated communities

Bardsdale Buckhorn Camp Bartlett Casitas Springs Cuddy Canyon‡ Dulah Faria La Conchita Lockwood Valley Mussel Shoals Newbury Park Ojala Ortonville Point Mugu Scheideck Sea Cliff Solromar Somis Upper Ojai Wadstrom Weldons Wheeler Springs

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Greater Los Angeles
Greater Los Angeles
Area

Central city

Los Angeles

Counties

Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Ventura

Satellite cities

Long Beach Riverside San Bernardino

Cities >200k

Anaheim Fontana Glendale Huntington Beach Irvine Long Beach Moreno Valley Oxnard Riverside San Bernardino Santa Ana

Cities and towns 100k−200k

Burbank Corona Costa Mesa Downey East Los Angeles El Monte Fullerton Garden Grove Inglewood Lancaster Murrieta Norwalk Ontario Orange Palmdale Pasadena Pomona Rancho Cucamonga Rialto Santa Clarita Simi Valley Temecula Thousand Oaks Torrance Ventura Victorville West Covina

Area regions

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area Antelope Valley Central Los Angeles Coachella Valley Colorado Desert Conejo Valley Downtown Los Angeles East Los Angeles Gateway Cities Greater Hollywood Harbor Area Inland Empire Mojave Desert Northwest Los Angeles Palos Verdes Peninsula Pomona Valley San Bernardino Valley San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Valley Santa Ana Valley Santa Clarita Valley Simi Valley South Bay South Los Angeles Victor Valley Westside Los Angeles

Landforms

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin Baldwin Hills (range) Catalina Island Channel Islands Chino Hills Hollywood Hills Oxnard Plain Palos Verdes Hills Puente Hills San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Mountains San Gabriel Valley San Jacinto Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Santa Monica Mountains Santa Susana Mountains Sierra Pelona Mountains Simi Hills Verdugo Mountains

Bodies of water

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River Aliso Creek Arroyo Calabasas Arroyo Seco Ballona Creek Bell Creek Big Bear Lake Coyote
Coyote
Creek Lake Arrowhead Lake Gregory Lake Perris Lake Piru Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Aqueduct Malibu Creek Mojave River Pacific Ocean Pyramid Lake Rio Hondo San Gabriel River San Juan Creek San Pedro Bay Santa Ana River Santa Clara River Santa Margarita River Santa Monica Bay Tujunga Wash

v t e

 State of California

Sacramento (capital)

Topics

Culture

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Climate Ecology Flora Fauna

Government

Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court

Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics

Congressional delegations Elections

People Protected areas

State Parks State Historic Landmarks

Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles

Regions

Antelope Valley Big Sur California
California
Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area San Francisco
San Francisco
Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country

Metro regions

Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco
San Francisco
metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana

Counties

Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba

Most populous cities

Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in California

Eric Garcetti (Los Angeles) Kevin Faulconer (San Diego) Sam Liccardo (San Jose) Mark Farrell (San Francisco) Lee Brand (Fresno) Darrell Steinberg (Sacramento) Robert Garcia (Long Beach) Libby Schaaf (Oakland) Karen Goh (Bakersfield) Tom Tait (Anaheim) Miguel A. Pulido (Santa Ana) Rusty Bailey (Riverside) Anthony Silva (Stockton) Mary Salas (Chula Vista) Don Wagner (Irvine) Lily Mei (Fremont) R. Carey Davis (San Bernardino) Garrad Marsh (Modesto) Acquanetta Warren (Fontana) Tim Flynn (Oxnard) Jesse Molina (Moreno Valley)* Mike Posey (Huntington Beach)* Paula Devine (Glendale)* Marsha McLean (Santa Clarita)* Jim Wood (Oceanside) Steven R. Jones (Garden Grove) L. Dennis Michael (Rancho Cucamonga) John Sawyer (Santa Rosa)* Paul S. Leon (Ontario) Gary Davis (Elk Grove) Eugene Montanez (Corona)* R. Rex Parris (Lancaster) James C. Ledford Jr. (Palmdale) Barbara Halliday (Hayward) Joe Gunter (Salinas) Elliot Rothman (Pomona) Jim Griffith (Sunnyvale) Sam Abed (Escondido) Patrick J. Furey (Torrance) Terry Tornek (Pasadena) Teresa Smith (Orange) Greg Sebourn (Fullerton)* Carol Garcia (Roseville) Steve Nelsen (Visalia) Al Adam (Thousand Oaks)* Edi E. Birsan (Concord)* Bob Huber (Simi Valley) Jamie L. Matthews (Santa Clara) Gloria Garcia (Victorville) Bob Sampayan (Vallejo) Jesse Arreguín (Berkeley) Andre Quintero (El Monte) Luis H. Marquez (Downey)* Matt Hall (Carlsbad) Stephen Mensinger (Costa Mesa)* Harry T. Price (Fairfield) Jeff Comerchero (Temecula) James T. Butts Jr. (Inglewood) Wade Harper (Antioch) Harry Ramos (Murrieta) Cheryl Heitmann (Ventura)* Tom Butt (Richmond) Fredrick Sykes (West Covina)* Luigi Vernola (Norwalk)* Raymond A. Buenaventura (Daly City) Bob Frutos (Burbank)* Alice Patino (Santa Maria) Nathan Magsig (Clovis)* Bill Wells (El Cajon) Maureen Freschet (San Mateo)* Judy Ritter (Vista) Brad Hancock (Jurupa Valley)

^* Mayor
Mayor
selected

.