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The Kingdom of the Fairies
The Kingdom of the Fairies
(French: Le Royaume des fées),[2][3] initially released in the United States as Fairyland, or the Kingdom of the Fairies and in Great Britain as The Wonders of the Deep, or Kingdom of the Fairies,[1] is a 1903 French silent film directed by Georges Méliès.

Contents

1 Production 2 Release 3 Reception 4 References 5 External links

Production[edit] The film historian Georges Sadoul
Georges Sadoul
suggested that the film was freely adapted from La Biche au Bois, a popular féerie by the brothers Goignard, which had been first produced in March 1845 at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin and which was frequently revived throughout the nineteenth century.[4] A publication on Méliès's films by the Centre national du cinéma
Centre national du cinéma
cites Charles Perrault's story "Sleeping Beauty" as the most direct inspiration for the film, with the seven fairies in that tale reduced to four.[4] The film's cast includes Georges Méliès
Georges Méliès
as Prince Bel-Azor, Marguerite Thévenard as Princess Azurine, and Bleuette Bernon as the fairy Aurora.[5] Sadoul, examining a production still from the film, identified the actor Durafour as a supporting player.[5] While most of the film was shot indoors, the nuptial cortege scene near the end was filmed outdoors in Méliès's garden, with a real horse.[4] Special
Special
effects in the film were created with stage machinery, rolling panoramas, miniature models, pyrotechnics, substitution splices, superimpositions, and dissolves.[4] Release[edit] The Kingdom of the Fairies
The Kingdom of the Fairies
was released by Méliès's Star Film Company and is numbered 483–498 in its catalogues.[1] (In Méliès's numbering system, films were listed and numbered according to their order of production, and each catalogue number denotes about 20 meters of film.)[6] The film was registered for American copyright at the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
on 3 September 1903.[1] According to the Méliès scholar John Frazer, the film was "the most ambitious Star Film production to date" and "was widely distributed and heavily promoted."[7] An original film score was prepared for the film's projection in larger cities.[7] As with at least 4% of Méliès's entire output (including such films as A Trip to the Moon, The Impossible Voyage, The Rajah's Dream, and The Barber of Seville), some prints were individually hand-colored and sold at a higher price.[8] Reception[edit] The Kingdom of the Fairies, like Méliès's similarly spectacular films A Trip to the Moon
A Trip to the Moon
(1902) and The Impossible Voyage
The Impossible Voyage
(1904), was one of the most popular films of the first few years of the twentieth century.[9] When Thomas L. Tally
Thomas L. Tally
debuted the film at his Lyric Theater in Los Angeles in 1903 (billing it as "Better than A Trip to the Moon"), the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
called the film "an interesting exhibit of the limits to which moving picture making can be carried in the hands of experts equipped with time and money to carry out their devices."[10] The film theorist Jean Mitry
Jean Mitry
called it "undoubtedly Méliès's best film, and in any case the most intensely poetic."[11] Prints of the film survive in the film archives of the British Film Institute and the Library of Congress.[12] References[edit]

^ a b c d Malthête, Jacques; Mannoni, Laurent (2008), L'oeuvre de Georges Méliès, Paris: Éditions de La Martinière, p. 345, ISBN 9782732437323  ^ Ezra, Elizabeth (2000), Georges Méliès, Manchester: Manchester University Press, p. 25, ISBN 0719053951  ^ Frazer, John (1979), Artificially Arranged Scenes: The Films of Georges Méliès, Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., p. 115, ISBN 0816183686  ^ a b c d Essai de reconstitution du catalogue français de la Star-Film; suivi d'une analyse catalographique des films de Georges Méliès recensés en France, Bois d'Arcy: Service des archives du film du Centre national de la cinématographie, 1981, pp. 144–145, ISBN 2903053073, OCLC 10506429  ^ a b Malthête & Mannoni 2008, p. 148 ^ Solomon, Matthew (2011), "Introduction", in Solomon, Matthew, Fantastic Voyages of the Cinematic Imagination: Georges Méliès's Trip to the Moon, Albany: State University of New York Press, p. 7, ISBN 9781438435817  ^ a b Frazer 1979, p. 118 ^ Yumibe, Joshua (2012), Moving Color: Early Film, Mass Culture, Modernism, New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, p. 73, ISBN 9780813552965, retrieved 1 August 2013  ^ Solomon 2011, p. 3 ^ Musser, Charles (1990), History of the American Cinema: Volume 1, The Emergence of Cinema, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 299  ^ Rosen, Miriam (1987), "Méliès, Georges", in Wakeman, John, World Film Directors: Volume I, 1890–1945, New York: The H. W. Wilson Company, p. 756  ^ Bennett, Carl (2011), "Le royaume des fées", The Progressive Silent Film List, Silent Era, retrieved 5 February 2014 

External links[edit]

The Kingdom of the Fairies
The Kingdom of the Fairies
on IMDb The Kingdom of the Fairies
The Kingdom of the Fairies
is available for free download at the Internet Archive

v t e

Georges Méliès

Films 1896–1899

Actualities (1896–1900) Playing Cards (1896) Conjuring (1896) Watering the Flowers (1896) Arrival of a Train at Vincennes Station
Arrival of a Train at Vincennes Station
(1896) The Rag-Picker (1896) Post No Bills (1896) The Rescue on the River (1896) A Terrible Night
A Terrible Night
(1896) A Lightning Sketch (1896) Conjurer Making Ten Hats in Sixty Seconds (1896) A Serpentine Dance (1896) Miss de Vère (English Jig) (1896) The Vanishing Lady (1896) The Haunted Castle (1896) A Nightmare
A Nightmare
(1897) Comedian Paulus Singing
Comedian Paulus Singing
(1897) A Funny Mahometan (1897) An Hallucinated Alchemist (1897) The Haunted Castle (1897) On the Roofs
On the Roofs
(1897) Reconstructed newsreels (1897–1902) The Last Cartridges
The Last Cartridges
(1897) The Surrender of Tournavos
The Surrender of Tournavos
(1897) Sea Fighting in Greece
Sea Fighting in Greece
(1897) Gugusse and the Automaton (1897) Between Calais and Dover (1897) The Laboratory of Mephistopheles (1897) The Bewitched Inn (1897) After the Ball (1897) Divers at Work on the Wreck of the "Maine"
Divers at Work on the Wreck of the "Maine"
(1898) The Magician (1898) The Famous Box Trick
The Famous Box Trick
(1898) Pygmalion and Galatea (1898) Adventures of William Tell
Adventures of William Tell
(1898) The Astronomer's Dream
The Astronomer's Dream
(1898) The Cave of the Demons (1898) The Four Troublesome Heads
The Four Troublesome Heads
(1898) The Temptation of Saint Anthony (1898) Robbing Cleopatra's Tomb (1899) The Devil in a Convent
The Devil in a Convent
(1899) The Pillar of Fire
The Pillar of Fire
(1899) The Clown and Automobile
The Clown and Automobile
(1899) A Mysterious Portrait (1899) Christ Walking on the Water (1899) The Dreyfus Affair (1899) Cinderella (1899) The Mysterious Knight
The Mysterious Knight
(1899)

Films 1900–1905

Addition and Subtraction (1900) The Cook's Revenge (1900) The Misfortunes of an Explorer
The Misfortunes of an Explorer
(1900) Paris Exposition, 1900 (1900) The One-Man Band
The One-Man Band
(1900) Joan of Arc (1900) The Rajah's Dream
The Rajah's Dream
(1900) The Two Blind Men (1900) Thanking the Audience (1900) The Christmas Dream
The Christmas Dream
(1900) Fat and Lean Wrestling Match (1900) A Fantastical Meal
A Fantastical Meal
(1900) Going to Bed Under Difficulties (1900) The Doctor and the Monkey
The Doctor and the Monkey
(1900) China Versus Allied Powers (1900) The Brahmin and the Butterfly (1900–01) Red Riding Hood (1900–01) The Magician's Cavern (1901) Excelsior! (1901) The Sacred Fountain (1901) Bluebeard (1901) The Man with the Rubber Head
The Man with the Rubber Head
(1901) The Eruption of Mount Pelee
The Eruption of Mount Pelee
(1902) The Catastrophe of the Balloon "Le Pax"
The Catastrophe of the Balloon "Le Pax"
(1902) A Trip to the Moon
A Trip to the Moon
(1902) The Shadow-Girl (1902) The Coronation of Edward VII
The Coronation of Edward VII
(1902) The Treasures of Satan (1902) Gulliver's Travels Among the Lilliputians and the Giants (1902) Robinson Crusoe (1902) The Enchanted Well
The Enchanted Well
(1903) The Inn Where No Man Rests
The Inn Where No Man Rests
(1903) The Oracle of Delphi (1903) A Spiritualistic Photographer (1903) The Melomaniac
The Melomaniac
(1903) The Monster (1903) The Kingdom of the Fairies
The Kingdom of the Fairies
(1903) The Infernal Cauldron
The Infernal Cauldron
(1903) The Damnation of Faust (1903) A Wager Between Two Magicians, or Jealous of Myself (1904) Faust and Marguerite (1904) The Barber of Seville (1904) The Wonderful Rose-Tree
The Wonderful Rose-Tree
(1904) The Impossible Voyage
The Impossible Voyage
(1904) The Christmas Angel
The Christmas Angel
(1904) The Living Playing Cards (1905) The Palace of the Arabian Nights
The Palace of the Arabian Nights
(1905) An Adventurous Automobile Trip
An Adventurous Automobile Trip
(1905) Rip's Dream (1905) The Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship
The Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship
(1905)

Films 1906–1912

A Mix-up in the Gallery (1906) The Chimney Sweep (1906) A Desperate Crime
A Desperate Crime
(1906) The Merry Frolics of Satan (1906) The Mysterious Retort (1906) Robert Macaire and Bertrand (1906) Under the Seas
Under the Seas
(1907) How Bridget's Lover Escaped (1907) Tunnelling the English Channel (1907) The Eclipse, or the Courtship of the Sun and Moon (1907) Hamlet (1907) Shakespeare Writing "Julius Caesar"
Shakespeare Writing "Julius Caesar"
(1907) Satan in Prison
Satan in Prison
(1907) Humanity Through the Ages (1908) Why That Actor Was Late (1908) Long Distance Wireless Photography
Long Distance Wireless Photography
(1908) A Fake Diamond Swindler (1908) The Miser (1908) A Love Tragedy in Spain
A Love Tragedy in Spain
(1908) Mishaps of the New York–Paris Race
Mishaps of the New York–Paris Race
(1908) The Woes of Roller Skaters (1908) French Cops Learning English (1908) Fun With the Bridal Party (1908) Buncoed Stage Johnnie (1908) Honeymoon in a Balloon
Honeymoon in a Balloon
(1908) Fortune Favors the Brave (1908) Seein' Things (1908) The Diabolic Tenant (1909) Whimsical Illusions (1909) The Spider and the Butterfly (1909) Baron Munchausen's Dream (1911) Cinderella or the Glass Slipper (1912) The Conquest of the Pole
The Conquest of the Pole
(1912) The Knight of the Snows (1912) The Voyage of the Bourrichon Family (1912)

Related

Filmography Bibliography Georges Méliès
Georges Méliès
in culture Le Grand Méliès (1952 documentary) The Invention of Hugo Cabret (2007 book) Hugo (2011 film) Jehanne d'Alcy (wife) Gaston

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